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Английский язык. Ускоренное обучение.

1. Aims
This Linguaphone Advanced English Course is intended for students who
already have a good command of the basic grammar of English and are familiar
with a reasonably wide selection of vocabulary, but who wish to increase their
competence in the language. It will enable them to do so by finding out more
about the many different kinds of usage that are all covered by the one
deceptively simple word English.
The course provides in an easily accessible form a wide selection of
varieties of English. Each example is presented in both a spoken and a printed
version, and is accompanied by a set of notes which call attention to some of its
most important stylistic features and comment selectively on anything of
particular interest or difficulty in the vocabulary and grammar.
2. Design
The material has been divided into three main sections.
Part One deals with the kind of English used in cultural situations and for
the purposes of entertainment and leisure.
Part Two is concerned with the kind of English used in die world of
business and the professions, and for the purposes of administration and
Part Three contains examples of the kind of informal English used by
people in the course of everyday communication, when conversing, telephoning
and writing letters.
These divisions have been adopted mainly in order to give the student
some kind of general guidance through what might otherwise have appeared a
rather formless mass of material. Their titles give a reasonable idea of what to
expect in each case, but the student would be well advised to regard the titles as
no more than the general guides they are meant to be. He should for instance,
remember that Part One contains such widely different things as the language
used in a spoken commentary on a football match, and that used when writing a
book concerned with a highly academic subject—literary style; while Part Two
includes, amongst other varieties, television advertisements and a legal
document. Each of the three parts contains ten units. The specimen passages

which form the basis of all the units have been specially written to give an
accurate impression of the varieties of English they represent. In fact, each may
be regarded as an imitation of one particular type or style of English, and in each
a careful attempt has been made to include in the short space available as many
as possible of the most distinctive linguistic features belonging to the variety. The
examples have been composed in this way thus making possible the control of
the vocabulary and grammar so as to ensure the inclusion of most of the
distinctive stylistic features The specimen passages include types of English, such
as the informal conversation and informal telephone conversation, which usually
occur only in a spoken form, and are never written down. They also include
others, notably written legal language, and the language of administration, which
tend always to remain in print and very seldom get read aloud.
3, Presentation
The Units have been arranged in a straightforward way to enable the
student to see immediately the purpose of the individual parts; but a few
comments on the explanatory material which follows the printed version of each
recorded passage may be helpful.
Finally, a note on terminology. No extensive knowledge of linguistic
theory is necessary in order to follow this course, and the terminology used is
largely non-technical. A few terms have been used whose meaning is generally
well known, such as 'subject', 'verb', 'adverbial', 'noun', and so on; but the
attempt has been to make points clear by means of simple explanations
supported by examples, and reliance on terminology has been reduced to a
minimum. It is worth noting that the word 'phrase' has been used a great deal in
a deliberately loose sense as a convenient means of referring to almost any bit of
language which needed to be commented on.

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