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K@065=85< B0:>3> ?>4E>40 : 687=8 AB0;8 153AB2> 87 3>@>4>2, =0@:>B8G5A:85 ?5@56820=8O, @5;838>7=0O <8AB8:0 8 ?@5645 2A53> =>20O @>:-<C7K:0. 5B> 1967 3>40 - 8725AB=>5 :0: ;5B> ;N128 (Sammer of Love) MB> @0AF25B, B0: =07K205<>9, <C7K:8 0?04=>3> >15@56LO, A :>B>@>9 1K;8 A2O70=K B0:85 8725AB=K5 8A?>;=8B5;8 :0:: The Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Santana, The Steve Miller Band, The Birds, Coyntry Joe and the Fish, Janis Joplin i Quicksilver Messenger Service. =>65AB2> ;N459 2AB@5B8;8AL ?>4 >B:@KBK< =51><, GB>1K ?>A;CH0BL 72C:8, A53>4=O ;535=40@=KE 3@C??, 8 GB>1K ?>4 2;8O=85< ?A8E>45;8G5A:8E =0@:>B8:>2, B0:8E :0: !, ?A8;>F818=>2K5 3@81K 8 30H8H, A>2<5AB=> ?@074=>20BL <8@=CN @52>;NF8N 42865=8O Flower Power. 3 !@02=8B5 R. Spitzer, Virginia Satifr and Origins of NLP, "Anchor Point" 1992, B>< 6, =><. 7, A. 40. 9 -B0 :C;LBC@=0O @52>;NF8O 4>AB83;0 A2>59 :C;L<8=0F88 2> 2@5<O :C;LB>2>3> D5AB820;O 2 C4AB>:5.  A5=BO1@5 1969 3>40 2?5@2K5 2 8AB>@88 =0 >AB>G=>< >15@56L5 A>1@0;8AL ?>GB8 ?>;<8;;8>=0 ;N459, GB>1K >B<5B8BL 2ABC?;5=85 2 =>2CN M?>EC ;N128, A>3;0A8O 8 <8@0. A5 :070;>AL 2>7<>6=K<. 5>6840==K9 :>=5F MB>9 8458 =0ABC?8; H5AB>3> 45:01@O 1969 3>40, :>340 G;5= =35;>2 40, 2> 2@5<O >4=>3> 87 :>=F5@B>2 >;8=3 !B>C=7 =0 ;B0<>=B !?84259 >:>;> !0= $@0=F8A:>, C18; ?5@54 AF5=>9 2>A5<=04F0B8;5B=53> =53@0 5@548B0 %0=B5@0. "0:8< >1@07>< ?>381;0 <5GB0 > 0F88 C4AB>:. 4=0:> 2 1967 3>4C 25@0 <>;>4568 2 1C4CI55 8 C15645=85 2 2>7<>6=>ABL 87<5=8BL >1;8G82 <8@0 1K;0 5I5 =5 A;><;5=0. 5:8, 65=0 >15@B0 !. !?8BF5@0, @5=><8@>20=>3> ?A8E80B@0 8 ?@57845=B0 8740B5;LA:>3> 4><0 Sciens & Behavior Books 2 0;> ;LB>, >1@0B8;0 2 MB> 2@5<O 2=8<0=85 <C60 =0 C4828B5;L=K5 B0;0=BK A5<=04F0B8;5B=53> CG5=8:0 !@54=59 (:>;K $@8<>=B, :>B>@>3> >=0 =0=O;0, GB>1K CG8BL A2>53> AK=0 0=0 83@5 =0 10@010=0E. "5<, GB> 2>AE8B8;> 5:8 !?8BF5@ 2 8G0@45 M=4;5@5, 1K;0 53> >B:@KB>ABL : D8;>A>DA:8< 2>?@>A0< 8 <0=5@0 2 :>B>@>9 >= >1CG0; <C7K:5. !?8BF5@K AB0@0;8AL :0: <>3;8 ?>445@60BL A?>A>1=>AB8 M=4;5@0. >15@B !?8BF5@ >?8A0; 53> :0: =5>1K:=>25==> ;>2:>3> 8 2A5AB>@>==5 B0;0=B;82>3>. >MB><C >= 4>25@O; 5<C @07;8G=K5 7040=8O 8 ?@82;Q: : @01>B5 2 8740B5;LAB25.  >1O70==>ABO< M=4;5@0 >B=>A8;0AL @01>B0 2 <03078=5, 0 B0:65 ?>43>B>2:0 <03=8B>D>==KE 8 2845> 70?8A59 4;O B5@0?52B8G5A:8E A5<8=0@>2. M=4;5@ =0G0; A2>N 1C@=CN 0:045<8G5A:CN :0@L5@C 42CE;5B=8< >1CG5=85< 2 $CBE8;; >;;546 2 >A ;LB>A %8;;A. !>3;0A=> 8=D>@<0F88 !?8BF5@0, 5<C C4020;>AL 4>25AB8 =5:>B>@KE A2>8E ?@5?>4020B5;59 4> >BG0O=8O. = =5 H5; =0 :><?@><8AA, 4065 5A;8 2>?@>A 70B@03820; ;8HL 45B0;8, A>25@H5==> =5 ?>4G8=OOAL @8BC0;0< 0:045<8G5A:>9 687=84. >A;5 B>3> :0: M=4;5@ 70:>=G8; :>;;546, >= ?>ABC?8; 2 0;8D>@=89A:89 #=825@A8B5B 2 !0=B0 @C7. !?8BF5@ 8 53> 65=0, :>B>@K5 ?> <5@5 B5G5=8O 2@5<5=8, AB0=>28;8AL 2A5 1>;55 2;8OB5;L=K<8 <5=B>@0<8 M=4;5@0, 2;045;8 B>340 =51>;LH>9 40G59 2 45@52=5, =540;5:> >B !0=B0 @C7. =8 ?>72>;8;8 5<C ?>AB@>8BL =0 A2>59 75<;5 4><8:. 5:>B>@>52@5<O M=4;5@ 68; B0< A ?>4@C3>9 8 A>10:>9. !0=B0 @C7 - <0;5=L:89 3>@>4>: =0 A525@5 >=B5@59 59, =0 N35 >B !0= $@0=F8A:>.  3>@>45 5ABL C=825@A8B5B, >G5=L :@0A82> @0A?>;>65==K9.  B5 2@5<5=0 2 3>@>45 1K;> >:>;> A>@>:0 BKAOG 68B5;59, 254CI8E 1>30BCN =0 M:A?5@8<5=BK :C;LBC@=CN 687=L. 45AL 68;8 <=>385 8725AB=K5 ;8G=>AB8 87 <8@0 :C;LBC@K: @568AA5@ ;LD@54 %8G:>:, 0:B@8A0 (8@;8 "5<?;, 02B>@ D0=B0AB8G5A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@K $@5=: %5@15@B, 0 B0:65 G;5=K 3@C??K !0=B0=0 8 C18 @075@A5. 8G0@4 ;?5@B, 1K2H89 :>;;530 "8<>B8 8@8 ?> 0@20@4A:><C #=825@A8B5BC, 25@=C2H8AL 87 =488 B0:65 68; 2 !0=B0 @C7, C65 "0< 65, A. 40-41. 5 !@02=8B5 ". McClendon, The Wild Days. NLP 1972-1981, Cupertino: Meta Publications 1989, A 1. 10 1C4CG8 4CE>2=K< <0AB5@>< - ?>4 8<5=5< 010 0< 0AA. ;?5@B 1K; =0@O4C A 0;LD>< 5BF=5@>< 8 8@8, A>02B>@>< :;0AA8G5A:>9 @01>BK ?A8E>45;8G5A:>3> 42865=8O, :0:0O 4>;6=0 1K;0 A;C68BL ?@>2>4=8:>< 2 <8@5 M:A?5@8<5=B>2 A !6. @53>@8 59BA>= B0:65 68; 2 MB> 2@5<O 2 !0=B0 @C7. = O2;O5BAO A>740B5;5< :815@=5B8G5A:>9 M?8AB5<>;>388, :>=F5?F88 :>B>@0O AB0;0 >A=>2>9 A>2@5<5==>3> E>;8AB8G5A:>3> 273;O40 =0 <8@.  M7>B5@8G5A:8E :@C30E, ?> A59 45=L, !0=B0 @C7 AG8B0NB >A>15==K< "<5AB>< A8;K". -B> >?@545;5=85 C:07K205B =0 @07=>@>4=>ABL 459AB289, :>B>@K5 ?@54?@8=8<0;8AL B0< 2 ?>A;54=85 45AOB8;5B8O, 4;O ?>7=0=8O 4CE>2=>3>, ;8G=>AB=>3> 8 >1I53> 687=5==>3> 87<5@5=8O. AB@5G0 8G0@40 M=4;5@0 A 35HB0;LB - B5@0?859  =0G0;5 M=4;5@ 70?8A0;AO =0 :C@AK D8;>A>D88, <0B5<0B8:8 8 8=D>@<0B8:8. 4=0:> ?> <5@5 B5G5=8O 2@5<5=8 53> 8=B5@5AK 2A5 1>;55 A:>=F5=B@8@>20;8AL =0 =0C:0E, 70=8<0NI8EAO G5;>25G5A:8< ?>2545=85<. A>1>5 2=8<0=85 >= ?>A2OI0;, =0@O4C A =>259H8<8 <5B>40<8 B5@0?88, B0:8<8 :0: @>;LD8=37 8 A5<59=0O B5@0?8O, ?@5645 2A53> @01>B0< 5@;708 5@;7, A>740B5;L 35HB0;LB - B5@0?88, ?5@56820; 2 MB> 2@5<O, A>3;0A=> A2>59 >F5=:5, ?5@8>4 ?8:>2KE 2>7<>6=>AB59 2 >1;0AB8 ?5403>38G5A:>9 @01>BK 8 ?8A0B5;LA:>3> B2>@G5AB20.  45:01@5 1969 >= ?>4?8A0; A >15@B>< !?8BF5@>< 4>3>2>@ =0 =5A:>;L:> :=83. E B5<>9 4>;6=0 1K;0 AB0BL D8;>A>D8O 8 ?A8E>B5@0?52B8G5A:0O ?@0:B8:0 35HB0;LB - B5@0?88. 5@;7 >1@01>B0; MB8 2>?@>AK A>2<5AB=> A> A2>59 65=>9 >@>9 8 D8;>A>D>< >;>< C4<0=>< - A>F8>;>3><, 0;B5@=0B82=K< ?5403>3>< 8 ?8A0B5;5<. 5@;7 4>;65= 1K; ?@54AB028BL 2 :=830E ACI5AB2> A2>59 @01>BK, A?>A>1><, :>B>@K9 40; 1K 2>7<>6=>ABL >1@07>20==><C 48;5B0=BC 55 ?>=OBL. 0@O4C A <0=CA:@8?B0<8 8 ;5:F8O<8, :=838 4>;6=K 1K;8 A>45@60BL ?@5645 2A53> B@0=A:@8?F8N D8;L<>2, ?>:07K20NI8E 5@;70 2> 2@5<O @01>BK. 2B>@ 1K; C15645=, GB> ?>4>1=K5 B@0=A:@8?F88 1C4CB >A=>2=K< DC=40<5=B>< 4;O 8=B5@5A=KE >B:@KB89 87 >1;0AB8 =0AB>OI53> ?@>F5AA0 B5@0?88. = 25@8;, GB> ACBL @01>BK 35HB0;LB8AB0 <>6=> =0<=>3> ;CGH5 C;>28BL ?@8 GB5=88 B@0=A:@8?F89, =565;8 87CG0O B5>@5B8G5A:85 B5:ABK.  A>60;5=8N, ". Leary, R. Metzner, R. Alpert, Psychedelische Erfahrungen. Ein Handbuch nach Weisun-gen des Tiebetanischen Totenbuches, Amsterdam Kathmandu: God's Press 1975 [>@83. The Psychodelic Experience. A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of Dead, New York: Uniwer-sity Books 1975]. 7 >;LD8=3 - D>@<0 B5;5A=>9 B5@0?88, A>740==0O 4>9 >;LD, :>B>@0O ?@>872>48B 87<5=5=8O ;8G=>AB8, :>@@838@CO E@>=8G5A:85 45D5:BK ?>7K ?@8 ?><>I8 3;C1>:>3> <0AA060 A>548=8B5;L=>9 B:0=8. @8 MB>< <>65B 4>9B8 4> 2KA2>1>645=8O M<>F89, :>B>@K5 @0=55 1K;8 A2O70=K 2 3;C1>:> C:>@5=82H5<AO =0?@O65=88 <CA:C;0BC@K B5;0. 8 !@02=8B5 ". McClendor, op. cit., A. 5 8 =0AB. 11 =5>6840==0O A<5@BL 5@;70 2 1970 ?>AB028;0 ?>4 2>?@>A>< MB>B ?@>5:B.9 5@54 !?8BF5@>< 2AB0;0 ?@>1;5<0, GB> 45;0BL A >1H8@=K< <0B5@80;><, >AB02;5==K< 5@;7><. =0G0;5 >= >1@0B8;AO : =5:>B>@K< CG5=8:0< 5@;70 A ?@>AL1>9 ?><>GL ?@8 8740=88 MB8E @01>B. >A:>;L:C >=8 >B:070;8AL >B 53> ?@54;>65=8O, >= ?@54AB028; 53> 2 1972 3>4C 8G0@4C M=4;5@C10. M=4;5@ ?>;CG8; 7040=85 2K1@0BL 8 70?8A0BL 22>4=K5 35H-B0;LB - A5AA88 5@;70. "@0=A:@8?F88 4>;6=K 1K;8 4>?>;=8BL 02B>@A:89 B5:AB. !?8BF5@ ?8A0; ?>74=55, GB> M=4;5@ ?>GB8 :0: ?><5H0==K9, 45=L 70 4=5< =04520; =0CH=8:8, A<>B@5; D8;L<K 8 3>B>28; B>G=K5 B@0=A:@8?F88. =B5=A82=0O @01>B0 ?@825;0 53> : B><C, GB> M=4;5@ =0G0; 3>2>@8BL 8 25AB8 A51O :0: 5@;7. !?8BF5@ A N<>@>< >?8AK205B, GB> ?0@C @07 ?>9<0; A51O =0 B><, GB> A;CG09=> =0720; M=4;5@0 "$@8F" . 5@2>9 2KH;0 =570:>=G5==0O @C:>?8AL 5@;70 The Gestalt Approach (5HB0;LB - ?>4E>4). >A;5 MB>3> 2KH;0 2B>@0O :=830 Eye Witness to Therapy (!2845B5;L B5@0?88), :>B>@0O 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A>AB>O;0 87 B@0=A:@8?F88 CG51=KE D8;L<>2 5@;7012. 20 3>40 A?CABO M=4;5@ >?C1;8:>20; A;54CNI55 A>1@0=85 871@0==KE B@0=A:@8?F89 ?>4 B8BC;>< Legacy from Fritz (025I0=85 $@8F0)13. 5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> M=4;5@ =5 7=0; 5@;70 ;8G=>, OA=> 284=> GB>, 1;03>40@O @01>B5 =04 ?C1;8:0F8O<8, >= ?>?0; ?>4 53> 2;8O=85. !@02=8B5 R. Spitzer, ABC?;5=85, 2: F. S. Perls, P. Baumgardner, Das Vermachtnis der Gestalttherapy, Stuttgart: Klett-Gotta 1990 [>@83. Gifts from Lake Cowichan\Legacy from Fritz, Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books 1990], AB@. 78. 1 4=8< 87 MB8E CG5=8:>2 1K; John O.Stevens. >340 >= ?>7=0:><8;AO A $@8F5< 5@;7><, >= 1K; <>;>4K< 4>F5=B>< ?A8E>;>388 2 Diablo Valley College 2 Concord 2 0;8D>@=88. = =0G0; A>B@C4=8G5AB2> A 5@;7>< 8 1K; >4=8< 87 >A=>20B5;59 8740B5;LA:>3> 4><0 Real People Press 2 Moab 2 HB0B5 .B0. "0< 874020;8AL @01>BK > 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88.  1971 3>4C !B825=5 >?C1;8:>20; :=83C, :>B>@0O 704C<K20;0AL ?@5645 2A53> :0: CG51=8: : C?@06=5=8O< 2 @01>B5 A 35HB0;LB-B5@0?859 (J. . Stevens, Awareness: Exploring, Experimenting, Experiencing, Moab Utah: Real People Press 1971). -B0 :=830 B0:65 >1@5;0 CA?5E 2 5@<0=88 (Die Kunst der Wahrnenmung. Ubungen der Gestaltihera-pie, Munchen: Chr Kaiser Verlag 1975). !B825=5, :>B>@K9 2 MB>B ?5@8>4 AB0; 8725AB=>9 ;8G=>ABLN =0 AF5=5 5HB0;LB, ?>:8=C; A2>N 45OB5;L=>ABL, :>340 >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 =0 =59@>;8=328AB8G5A:>5 ?@>3@0<<8@>20=85. '8B0B5;O< ;8B5@0BC@K  >= 8725AB5= ?>4 4@C38< 8<5=5<. !53>4=O !B82 =4@50A 6825B >:>;> >C;45@ 2 >;>@04> 8 2<5AB5 A 65=>9 >==8@0 =4@50A, >=8 548=AB25==K5 87 =081>;55 8725AB=KE 8 CA?5H=KE B@5=5@>2  2 !(. !B825=5 B0:65 8740; ?0@C 206=KE :=83 ?> MB>9 >1;0AB8. "0:8< >1@07>< AB0=>28BAO OA=>, ?>G5<C >B45;L=K5 ?C1;8:0F88, >B=>AOI85AO : >A=>2=>9 ;8B5@0BC@5 , 2KH;8 2 Real People Press. -B> D0:B, :>B>@K9 ?>4G5@:8205B ;8G=K5 A2O78 <564C 8725AB=K<8 ;8G=>ABO<8 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88 8 . !@02=8B5 R. S. Viginia Satir and Origins of NLP, AB@. 41. 12 F. S. Perls, Grundlagen der Gestalt-Therapy. Einfuhrung und Sitzungsprotokole, Munchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer 1976 [>@838=0; The Gestalt Approach & Eye Witness to Therapy, Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books 1973]. F. S. Perls, P. Baumgardner. 12 5@2K5 3@C??K 1972 - 1973 3>4>2  =0G0;5 A5<845AOBKE 3>4>2 2 0;8D>@=89A:>< #=825@A8B5B5 !0=B0 @C7 F0@8;0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> ;815@0;L=0O 0B<>AD5@0, =0 70=OB8OE =5 4><8=8@>20;8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> =0CG=>->@B>4>:A0;L=K5 273;O4K. A>15==> 1>;LH>9 ?>?C;O@=>ABLN, A@548 ABC45=B>2 ?A8E>;>388 ?>;L7>20;AO @5A6 >;;546, 345 B>340 @01>B0; @53>@8 59BA>=. "0< 1K;> 2>7<>6=> ?@>2>48BL M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K5 3@C??>2K5 459AB28O. 5A=>9 1972 3>40 M=4;5@, @07>G0@>20==K9 GC64K< >1KG=><C >?KBC A>45@60=85< 0:045<8G5A:>3> curriculum, >@30=87>20; 2 @5A6 >;;546 70=OB8O ?> ?@0:B8:5 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88, 8A?>;L7CO 2>7<>6=>ABL, ?@54>AB02;5==CN ABC45=B0< ?>A;54=8E :C@A>2 A0<8< ?;0=8@>20BL 8 ?@>2>48BL 70=OB8O. !BC45=BK, CG0AB2CNI85 2 B0:8E 70=OB8OE, ?>;CG0;8 4>:C<5=BK >1 8E ?@>E>645=88, :>B>@K5 B0:65 ?@87=020;8AL, :0: 8 2K40==K5 ?@>D5AA>@0<8.14 01>B0 A B5>@859 35HB0;LB0 1K;0 2 B> 2@5<O 01A>;NB=>9 =>2>ABLN 2 18E528>@8ABA:8 >@85=B8@>20==>< CG51=>< ?@>F5AA5.  E>BO, ACI5AB2>20;8 425 3@C??K, 70=8<0NI85AO 2>?@>A0<8 G5;>25G5A:8E >ICI5=89, >4=0:> 8E ?@8=F8?K 2KE>48;8 3;02=K< >1@07>< 87 :>=F5?F88 0@;0 >465@A0 - A>740B5;O B5@0?88, F5=B@8@>20==>9 =0 :;85=B5. = 1K; >4=8< 87 >BF>2, B0: =07K205<>9, 3C<0=8AB8G5A:>9 ?A8E>;>388, :>B>@0O @>48;0AL 2 1962 3>4C 2 1I5AB25 C<0=8AB8G5A:>9 "5@0?88, :0: B@5BLO A8;0 2 ?A8E>;>388, =0@O4C 4><8=8@CNI8<8 B>340 H:>;0<8 ?A8E>0=0;870 8 18E528>@87<015.  MB> 2@5<O =548@5:B82=K5 8 =0?@02;5==K5 =0 ;8G=>AB=K9 @>AB 273;O4K >465@A0 2>H;8 2 A0;>=K B0:65 8 2 ?5@54>2KE 0:045<8G5A:8E :@C30E. -B>, :@><5 ?@>G53>, 2K@060;>AL 1>;LH>9 0:B82=>ABLN 3@C?? 2AB@5G (encounter), A>740=85 :>B>@KE 1K;> <>4=> 2> <=>38E 2KAH8E CG51=KE 702545=8OE'6. 5A<>B@O =0 <=>385 ?@>3@0<<=K5 AE>4AB20 A >A=>20<8 35H-B0;LB - B5@0?88 5@;7017 (>B=>AOI59AO : B0: =07K205<>9 3C<0=8AB8G5A:>9 B5@0?88), @01>B0 MB8E 3@C??, 2 A5<845AOBKE 3>40E, 2 ?@8=F8?5 1K;0 =0?@02;5=0 A:>@55 =0 3@C??>2CN 48=0<8:C 8 A:>=F5=B@8@>20=0 =0 42865=88 0CB5=B8G=>AB818. >MB><C 3@C??0 M=4;5@0 ACI5AB25==> >B;8G0;0AL >B >1KG=KE 3@C?? 2AB@5G. ! A0<>3> =0G0;0 53> 8=B5@5A>- !@02=8B5 ". McClendon, AB@. 9. !@02=8B5 J. Kriz, Grundkonzepte der Psychontherapy. Eine Einfuhrung, Munchen: Psy-chologie Verlags Union 1989, AB@. 173 8 =0AB. 2865=85 3@C?? 2AB@5G 40;0 C4828B5;L=K5 ?;>4K. 0?@8<5@ "5@@5=A 0:;5=4>= C?><8=0; >1 >4=>9 B0:>9 3@C??5 2 @5A6 >;;546, :>B>@0O AG8B0;0AL >A>15==> ?>?C;O@=>9 A@548 ABC45=B>2 ?5@2>3> A5<5AB@0. 8G=>AB=K9 @>AB A>AB>O; 2 =59 =0 >@30=870F88, B0: =07K205<>3> nude dinner - >1I53> >1540, 2> 2@5<O :>B>@>3> 2A5 ?@8ACBAB2>202H85 1K;8 157 >4564K (". McClendon, AB@. 9). !@02=8B5 AB0BLN 0@;0 >465@A0 > ?A8E>B5@0?88, A:>=F5=B@8@>20==>9 =0 :;85=B5 2 Handbuch der PsychotHerapie, 8740B5;L R. J. Corsini, B>< 1, Weincheim und Basel: Beltz Verlag 1983 [C. Rogers, Handbook of Innovative Psichotherapies, New York: John Wiley & Sons 1981], AB@. 471-512. 18 !@. B0:65 Wexler D. A. Rice L. N. (edit.). (1974). Innovations in Client-centered Therapy. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 13 20; 0=0;87 B5@0?52B8G5A:>3> 2>7459AB28O 35HB0;LB - B5>@88 2 @0<:0E 3@C??K. @><5 MB>3>, C?@06=5=8O =0 A5<8=0@0E >B:@K;8 ?5@54 =8< 2>7<>6=>ABL @0728BL A>1AB25==CN, 4> MB>3> 2@5<5=8 >AB0NICNAO ;8HL 2 B5>@88, ?@0:B8G5A:CN :><?5B5=B=>ABL19. !>B@C4=8G5AB2> 8G0@40 M=4;5@0 A 6>=>< @?=45@>< 6>= @8=45@, 1C4CG8 =0 45AOBL ;5B AB0@H5 M=4;5@0, AB0; AC?5@287>@>< 2 53> 3@C??5 A5<8=0@>2 35HB0;LB - B5@0?88. @8=45@ @>48;AO 10 O=20@O 1939 3>40 2 HB0B5 8G830=.  <>;>4>AB8 >= @01>B0; B09=K< 035=B>< & # 2 5@<0=88, B0;88 8 .3>A;0288.  =0G0;5 A5<845AOBKE 53> 8<O AB0;> 8725AB=K< A@548 ;N18B5;59 35=5@0B82=>-B@0=AD>@<0F8>==>9 3@0<<0B8:8, 2>AE>4OI59 : >M<C %><A:><C. = B0:65 @01>B0; <;04H8< 0AA8AB5=B>< ?@>D5AA>@0 ;8=328AB8:8 ?>4 @C:>2>4AB2>< @53>@8 59BA>=0 2 @5A6 >;;546.  MB> 2@5<O @8=45@ 1K; C65 >G5=L A8;L=> 2>2;5GQ= 2 @0728B85 ?5@54>2KE <5B>4>2 >1CG5=8O.  <><5=B 7=0:><AB20 A M=4;5@>< >= 1K; 01A>;NB=K< =>28G:>< 2 >1;0AB8 B5@0?88 8 :>=AC;LB8@>20=8O. 5A<>B@O =0 MB>, >= 1KAB@> @0A?>7=0; =5>1K:=>25==K5 B5@0?52B8G5A:85 A?>A>1=>AB8 M=4;5@0. 5OB5;L=>ABL ?>A;54=53> ?@>1C48;0 8=B5@5A B0:65 A@548 ABC45=B>2, 8=B5@5ACNI8EAO MB8< 2>?@>A><. ;03>40@O CAB=>9 ?@>?030=45 1KAB@> 2>7=8:0;8 ?>A;54CNI85 3@C??K 35H-B0;LB0. E 2AB@5G8 ?@>E>48;8 G0AB=K< >1@07>< ?> C8:5=40< 8;8 25G5@><. =0G0;5 M=4;5@ A0< 25; 3@C??K. >B>< 2 MB> 2:;NG8;AO @8=45@. M=4;5@ ;8G=> 225; 53> 2 B5@0?52B8G5A:89 ?@>F5AA. "> GB> B>340 ?@>8AE>48;>, 1K;> ?@54AB02;5=> 6>75D>< '>==>@>< 8 6>=>< !59<C@>< B0:: " 8G0@4 =0G0; 25AB8 3@C??K 35HB0;LB - B5@0?88 8 1@0; A CG0AB=8:>2 ?> ?OBL 4>;;0@>2 70 25G5@. = 2>H5; [...] 2 :>=B0:B A 6>=>< @8=45@>< 8 B0: A8;L=> 708=B5@5A>20; 53> B5>@859 35HB0;LB0, GB> B>B B0:65 =0G0; CG0AB2>20BL 2> 2AB@5G0E 3@C??. 6>= 1K; 2>AE8I5=. 8G0@4 7=0;, GB> 254O 3@C??K, >= ?>;CG05B CA?5E, => E>B5; B>G=> ?>=OBL, :0: MB> C =53> ?>;CG05BAO 8 :0:85 ?0BB5@=K =081>;55 MDD5:B82=K. ABL >3@><=0O @07=8F0 <564C B5<, GB> ?@>AB> 8<5BL A?>A>1=>AB8 8 8E 8A?>;L7>20BL, 8 >A>7=020BL 8E, ?>A:>;L:C >10 MB8 D0:B>@0 ?><>30NB 4>18BLAO =5>1E>48<KE @57C;LB0B>2. 6>= 8 8G0@4 A>AB028;8 4>3>2>@: 8G0@4 4>;65= 1K; ?>7=0:><8BL 6>=0 A B5<, :0: 25AB8 35HB0;LB - B5@0?8N, 0 6>= 4>;65= 1K; ?><>GL >A>7=0BL 8G0@4C, GB> >= :>=:@5B=> 45;05B 2 MB> 2@5<O. ! MB>9 F5;LN 6>= =0G0; @53C;O@=> CG0AB2>20BL 2 @01>B5 3@C??K ?> ?>=545;L=8:0< 8 <>45;8@>20BL 8G0@40. 8G0@4 4020; 5<C ?>=OBL, :0:85 87 ?0BB5@=>2, ?> 53> <=5=8N, A0<K5 206=K5, 0:- ". 0:;5=4>= ?@54AB028; @01>BC MB>9 3@C??K >G5=L >1@07=>. /A=> 284=>, GB> M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K9 AB8;L M=4;5@0 C65 2 =0G0;5 53> :0@L5@K 1K; 8A:;NG8B5;L=> =5>1KG5= 8 AB@0=5= (A@. 0:;5=4>=, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85, AB@. 9). 14 F5=B8@CO 8E 273;O4>< 8;8 8=B>=0F859. 6>= CG8;AO 1KAB@>. <C ?>B@51>20;>AL 420 <5AOF0 4;O B>3> GB>1K 87CG8BL ?0BB5@=K 8 1KBL 3>B>2K< : 2545=8N 3@C??K B0:65 :0: 8 8G0@4. = 2AB@5G0;AO A =59 2> 2B>@=8: ?> 25G5@0< 8 =07K20; 55 3@C??>9 "?>2B>@=>3> GC40". >A:>;L:C CG0AB=8:8 ?5@56820;8 2> 2B>@=8: A 6>=>< B5 65 A0<K5 GC45A0, :>B>@K5 @0=55 8A?KB0;8 G;5=K 3@C??K 8G0@40 2 ?>=545;L=8:"20. >45;8@>20=85 - ?@>F5AA, 2 :>B>@>< 3;02=>5 - =0CG8BLAO A?5F8D8G5A:85 A?>A>1=>AB8 >4=>3> G5;>25:0 ?5@54020BL 4@C3><C, B0: GB>1K ?>A;54=89 <>3 8E ?@0:B8G5A:8 8A?>;L7>20BL. -B> ?@>F5AA 2 :>B>@>< 2=0G0;5 2K18@0NB ?>4E>4OI85 ?0BB5@=K , 0 40;55, 2> 2@5<O ?@54AB02;5=8O 8=B5@5ACNI8E B8?>2 ?>2545=8O, 0=0;878@CNB 8E A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 8 2=8<0B5;L=>, 704020O 2>?@>AK.  :>=5G=>9 D075, ?@8 ?><>I8 45<>=AB@0F88 <>45;59, >?@545;ONBAO >A=>2=K5 ?@028;0 8 ?0BB5@=K ?>2545=8O, :>B>@K5 ?5@5=8<0NBAO, 0 8E 2>7459AB285 B5AB8@C5BAO21. >MB><C 2 ?@8=F8?5 2> 2@5<O <>45;8@>20=8O 45;05BAO ?>?KB:0 2>AA>740BL 2KH5=0720==K9 ?@>F5AA, @0A:;04K20O 53> =0 ACI5AB25==K5 :><?>=5=BK, GB>1K 40BL 2>7<>6=>ABL >1CG8BLAO 5<C B@5BL8< ;8F022. =0G0;5 <>45;8@>20=85 ?@8<5=O;>AL 2 !>548=5==KE (B0B0E 2> 2@5<O B@5=8=3>2 2 >1;0AB8 B>@3>2;8 ?>4 =0720=85< 0AB5@ >45;8@>20=8O (Master-Modelling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he Wild Days. NLP 1972 - 1981 (57C<=K5 =8.  1972 - 1981). KA>:>9 :>B8@>2:>9 MB0 3@C??0 O'Connor, J., Seymour, J. (1992). Neurolingustisches Programmieren: Gelungene Kom-munikation und personliche Entfaltung. Freiburg im Breisgau: Verlag fur angewandte Kinesi-ologie [>@838=0;. (1990). Intorducing Neuro-Linguistic Programming. The New Psychology of Personal Excellence. London: Mandala], AB@. 263-264. n !@02=8B5 Weerth, R. (1992). NLP & Imagination, Grundannahmen, Methoden, Mo-glichkeiten, Grenzen. Paderborn: Junfermann., AB@. 8. 22 O'Connor, J., Seymour J. (1992). Neurolingustisches Programmieren: Gelungene Kom-munikation und personliche Entfaltung. Freiburg im Breisgau: Verlag fur angewandte Kinesi-ologie [>@838=0;. (1990). Intorducing Neuro-Linguistic Programming. The New Psychology of Personal Excellence. London: Mandala], AB@. 263-264 15 1;03>40@=0 ;8G=>AB8 8G0@40 M=4;5@0, :>B>@K9 C65 B>340, E0@0:B5@=K< 4;O A2>53> <>;>4>3> 2>7@0AB0 A?>A>1><, =5>1KG09=> M=5@38G=> AB@5<8;AO : @50;870F88 A2>8E ?@>5:B>2. = G0AB> ?@8<5=O; >1>@>B, >B@060NI89 53> ?>78F8N: "GO FOR IT ... NOW!!! ("! -" ... !'!!!!)23. !" ' !   !"  8G0@4 M=4;5@ ?>7=0:><8;AO A 8@468=859 !0B8@, A>740B5;5< "5@0?88 &5;>9 !5<L8 (Conjoint Family "530@C), B0:65 1;03>40@O >15@BC !?8BF5@C 8 53> 65=5. !?8BF5@ 7=0; 8@468=8N !0B8@ =5 B>;L:> ?> 55 ?C1;8:0F8O< 2 A2>5< 8740B5;LAB25, >= 1K; B0:65 55 >D8F80;L=K< ?@54AB028B5;5< 2 Mental Research Institute (MRI) 2 0;> ;LB>. -B>B 8=AB8BCB 1K; >A=>20= 2 =>O1@5 1958 3>40 4;O B>3> GB>1K ?@>2>48BL 107>2K5 8AA;54>20=8O :815@=5B8G5A:8E <>45;59, :0A0NI8EAO 2>7=8:=>25=8O 8 ;5G5=8O ?A8E8G5A:8E =0@CH5=89.  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MB> 2@5<O, 5I5 ?5@54 =0G0;>< @01>B =04 ?C1;8:0F8O<8 5@;70, >15@B !?8BF5@ ?>?@>A8; M=4;5@0 70?8A0BL =0 ?;5=:C >48= 87 A5<8=0@>2 8@468=88 !0B8@ 8 A45;0BL 53> B@0=A:@8?F8N. ;O MB>3> M=4;5@ 4>;65= 1K; ?>5E0BL A =8< 2 0=04C, 345 !0B8@ G5BK@5 =545;8 ?@>2>48;0 >1CG5=85. !?8BF5@ ?;0=8@>20; 8A?>;L7>20BL ?>;CG5==K9 <0B5@80; 2 :=835. = B0:65 1K; A>3;0A5= A 65=>9 2 B><, GB> 2>7<>6=>ABL =01;N40BL 8@468=8N !0B8@ 2> 2@5<O @01>BK <>65B ?@83>48BLAO 8G0@4C M=4;5@C26. '>==>@ 8 !59<C@ B0: >?8A0;8 >4=> !@02=8B5 0:;5=4>=, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85, AB@. 15. 24 !@. Spitzer, R. S. (1992). Virginia Satir and Origins of NLP, AB@. 41. 25 01>B0 A MB8<8 A5<LO<8 1K;0 70?8A0=0 8 5Q <>6=> C2845BL 2 2845>D8;L<5 Family In Crisis (!5<LO 2> 2@5<O :@878A0), :>B>@K9 4>ABC?5= 2 ?@>4065. 26 !@. Spitzer, R. S. (1992). Virginia Satir and Origins of NLP, AB@. 41 16 A>1KB85, 8<52H55 <5AB> =0 MB>< A5<8=0@5, ?5@540NI55 25@>OB=> B8?8G=>5 4;O B>3> 2@5<5=8 ?>2545=85 M=4;5@0: "> 2@5<O 2A53> >1CG5=8O >= 1K; 87>;8@>20= 2 <0;5=L:>< ?><5I5=88 4;O 70?8A8. !2O7L A :><=0B>9 70=OB89 1K;0 2>7<>65= ;8HL ?@8 ?><>I8 <8:@>D>=0. # M=4;5@0 1K;8 42CE-:0=0;L=K5 =0CH=8:8 8 >4=8< CE>< >= ?@>25@O; 72C: 70?8A8, 2 B> 2@5<O :0: 4@C38< A;CH0; :0AA5BK 8=: $;>94.  ?>A;54=NN =545;N 8@468=8O >@30=87>20;0 2AB@5GC, A?@>A82 CG0AB=8:>2 > B><, :0: >=8 4>;6=K 25AB8 A51O, 8A?>;L7CO <0B5@80;, :>B>@><C >=0 8E >1CG0;0. :070;>AL GB> 4;O A>1@02H8EAO MB> A;8H:>< BO65;>5 7040=85. ">340 8G0@4 2>H5; 2 ?><5I5=85 8 CA?5H=> @5H8; ?@>1;5<C. 8@468=8O A:070;0: ""0: 1C45B 25@=>". 8G0@4 ?>?0; 2 AB@0==CN A8BC0F8N - >= 7=0; >1 ?0BB5@=0E 8@468=88 1>;LH5 =565;8 :B>-;81> 87 CG0AB=8:>2, =5A<>B@O =0 B> GB> =5 ?KB0;AO 8E A>7=0B5;L=> 87CG8BL".27 !;54CNI85 =5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 M=4;5@ 70=8<0;AO B@0=A:@8?F859 >1H8@=>3> <0B5@80;0. "0:65 8 2 MB>< A;CG05 8=B5=A82=0O @01>B0 =04 70?8AO<8 ?@825;0 : B><C, GB> A >?@545;5==>3> <><5=B0 >= AB0; ?5@5=8<0BL 8=B>=0F8N 8 D@075>;>38N 8@468=88 !0B8@. 0: >1KG=> M=4;5@ ?@>45<>=AB@8@>20; A2>9 =5>1K:=>25==K9 B0;0=B 1KAB@>3> 8 MDD5:B82=>3> >1CG5=8O >1@07F0< ?>2545=8O 4@C38E ;N459. @5645 2A53> >= 8A?>;L7>20; AB@0B538N, :>B>@CN @0=55 ?@8<5=O; 2 <C7K:5. A;8 >= E>B5; >1CG8BLAO AB8;N 83@K <C7K:0=B0, :>B>@K< 2>AE8I0;AO, >= B0: 4>;3> A;CH0; 70?8A8 53> ?@>872545=89, ?>:0 5<C =5 C4020;>AL >;8F5B2>@8BL A51O A =8< =0AB>;L:>, GB> >= <>3 4>AB0B>G=> E>@>H> 53> 8<8B8@>20BL.28 ! 1972 ?> 1974 M=4;5@ CG0AB2>20; 2 B@5=8@>2>G=KE ?@>3@0<<0E 8@468=88 !0B8@ B0: G0AB>, :0: B>;L:> <>3. = G0I5 2A53> >B25G0; 70 8E 2845> 8 0C48> 70?8AL. !0B8@ ?@54AB028;0 2 MB> 2@5<O, :@><5 ?@>G8E, 420 B5@0?52B8G5A:8E 8=AB@C<5=B0, =04 CA>25@H5=AB2>20=85< :>B>@KE >=0 @01>B0;0 A ?>;>28=K H5AB845AOBKE 3>4>2. =0 =0720;0 8E "?@8Q< 4;O G0AB59" (Parts Party)29 8 "@5:>=AB@C:F8O A5<L8"30. O'Connor, J., Seymour, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85, AB@. 264 28 !@. Spitzer, R. S. Virginia Satir and Origins of NLP, AB@. 41 5;0=85 845=B8D8F8@>20BL A51O A 4@C38<8 <C7K:0=B0<8 1K;0 2=0G0;5 M@K @>:0 25AL<0 ?>?C;O@=0. G5=L <=>385 15;K5 @>: - <C7K:0=BK, >A>15==> A @8B0=A:8E AB@>2>2, =0G8=02H85 83@0BL 2 =0G0;5 H5AB845AOBKE, 8<8B8@>20;8 <C7K:C GQ@=KE 84>;>2 1;N70 8 @>:-=-@>;;0, :>B>@K5 =5 <>3;8 87-70 @0A>2>9 48A:@8<8=0F88 2KABC?0BL ?5@54 15;>9 ?C1;8:>9. A;8 2A?><=8BL @0==85 70?8A8 >;;8=3 !B>C=7, -=8<0;A 8 4@C38E 1@8B0=A:8E 3@C??, B> >G5284=>, GB> 8E <C7K:0 >B@060;0 B2>@G5AB2> '0:0 5@@8, B8A0 544=8=30, 0448 #>B5@A0 8 4@C38E. 8HL A :>=F0 H5AB845AOBKE, 15;K< <C7K:0=B0< C40;>AL =09B8 A>1AB25==K5 ?CB8 8 <C7K:0;L=K5 AB8;8. 29  "Parts Party" 206=> 40BL ?>=OBL :;85=BC @07;8G=K5 A>AB02;ONI85 53> "O". A=>2=>9 ?@8=F8? MB> B>, GB> 2 ?A8E8:5 G5;>25:0 ACI5AB2CNB, M;5<5=BK, :>B>@K5 <>6=> @0745;8BL, :>B>@K5 AB@5<OBAO : 2K@065=8N 8 @50;870F88 A2>8E DC=:F89. =8 =5 <>3CB 1KBL ?>402;5=K, B0: :0: O2;ONBAO M;5<5=B0@=K<8 G0ABO<8 "O". A;8 B0:85 G0AB8 1;>:8@CNB 4@C3 4@C30, B> F5;LN "Parts Party" 1C45B B@0=AD>@<0F8O 8E >B=>H5=89, B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K >=8 AB0;8 A>B@C4=8G0BL. @0:B8G5A:8 MB> ?@>8AE>48B B0:: "E>7O8=" 2K- 17 M=4;5@ 1K; B0: 2>AE8I5= 55 A?>A>1=>ABLN 2A5 70<5G0BL 8 B5@0?52B8G5A:8<8 7=0=8O<8, GB> 225; 55 <5B>4K 2 A2>N @01>BC A 3@C??0<8. "0:8< >1@07>< 2 =8E ?@8<5=O;8AL :0: <5B>4K 35HB0;LB -B5@0?88, B0: 8 >?KB 8@468=88 !0B8@. =0 A0<0 >?8AK205B MB8 2@5<5=0 2 8=B5@2LN, :>B>@>5 >=0 40;0 5AC .@35=AC 8 "8AC !B5;C 2 <05 1981 3>40: " 8G0@4 B>340 1K; 4204F0B842CE;5B=8< <>;>4K< G5;>25:>< 8 A53>4=O >= =5 A;8H:>< AB0@. 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atir, V., Baldwin, M. (1988). Familientherapie in Aktion. Die Konzepte von Virginia Satir in Theorie und Praxis. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (1984). Step by Step. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books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atir, V., Baldwin, M. F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85 AB@. 199-202). 18 =0 8=BC8F8N, :>B>@CN O B>340 =5 <>3;0 ?5@525AB8 =0 O7K: ;52>3> ?>;CH0@8O. 5@20O :=830 MB> 4>:070B5;LAB2> B>3>, :0: A8;L=> <K ?5@56820;8 - 8 O, 8 >=8. ">340 8G0@4 @5H8; 8A:0BL 4@C38E ;N459, GL8 @01>BK, 2 G5< >= 1K; C25@5=, ?>72>;8;8 1K >B:@KBL ACI=>ABL A8;K, 2K7K20NI59 B0:85 >3@><=K5 87<5=5=8O. -B> 1K;8 8;B>= -@8:-A>= 8 $@8F 5@;7. M=4;5@C 8 @8=45@C C40;>AL =09B8 @5H5=85 4;O >B@01>B:8 <5B>4>2 <>59 @01>BK 8 0=0;870 55 ?> >B=>H5=8N : @01>B0< 8;B>=0 8 $@8F0. ">340 >=8 >1=0@C68;8, GB> 2 >?8AK205<>< ?@>F5AA5 CG0AB2CNB 2A5 2@5<O >4=8 8 B5 65 M;5<5=BK. =8 >45@60;8 CA?5E, AC1;8<8@CO AB@C:BC@C 87<5=5=89 87 =0H8E >1@07F>2 ?>2545=8O. @> MB> 8 3>2>@8BAO 2 The Structure of Magic (!B@C:BC@0 0388). -B> 1K;0 ?5@20O G0ABL 8AB>@88.  MB> 2@5<O ?@>87>H;> <=>65AB2> 25;8:>;5?=KE A>1KB89 - O ?>AK;0;0 : =8< @07=KE ;N459, >10 ?@8E>48;8 :> <=5, GB>1K ?>:070BL, GB> >=8 A45;0;8 8 B0: 40;55"31. 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M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ @07@01>B0;8 =0 >A=>25 =01;N45=8O <>45;8 ?>2545=8O, CA?5H=>ABL :>B>@KE >=8 ?@>25@O;8 2 @07;8G=KE 3@C??0E. =8 2A5 2@5<O 45<>=AB@8@>20;8 =>2K5, =5:>=25=F8>=0;L=K5 B5@0?52B8G5A:85 B5E=8:8, A :>B>@K<8 ?>7=0:><8;8AL ?> E>4C 8AA;54>20=8O @01>B 5@;70 8 :C@A>2 8@468=88 !0B8@. >645=85 =59@>;==328AB8G5A:>3> ?@>3@0<<8@>20=8O ()-@C??K 5B0 >45;8 (Meta Model Groups)  =0G0;5 1974 3>40 M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ =0G0;8 @50;870F8N ?@>5:B0 5B0 >45;L, :>B>@K9 AB0; >A=>2>9 4;O =59@>;==328AB8G5A:>3> ?@>3@0<<8@>20=8O.  @0<:0E 3@C??K, 2AB@5G8 :>B>@>9 ?@>8AE>48;8 2 @0A?>;>65==>< =0 8AA8>= !B@8B 2 !0=B0 @C7 4><5, 345 ?@>6820;8 ABC45=BK, >=8 =0G0;8 @01>BC =04 <5B>40<8 ?>;CG5=8O 8=D>@<0F88.  MB>B ?5@8>4 2K45;8;AO AB5@65=L ?>AB>O==KE CG0AB=8:>2 >GB8 2A5 >=8 AB0;8 2?>A;54AB288 8725AB=K<8 45OB5;O<8 , 2 A>740=88 :>B>@>3> >=8 0:B82=> CG0AB2>20;8. =0G0;5 3@C??0 70=8<0;0AL <5B>40<8 :>=AC;LB0F88 4;O ?0@, 35HB0;LB - B5@0?859 8 "A5<59=K<8 A:C;L?BC@0<8", 5I5 >4=>9 <5B>48:>9 A>25@H5=AB2C5<>9 8@468=859 !0B8@ 2 @0<:0E A5<59=>9 B5@0?8832. 31 Jurgens, G., Stahl, T. (1982). Gesprach mtt Virginia Satir (A dialogue with Virginia Satir). In: Integrative Therapie, 8 (3). AB@. 209-210]. 32 "5?:0 A5<L8" MB> <5B>4, 2 :0:>< >A=>2=K5 A5<59=K5 8=B5@0:F88 ?@54AB02;ONBAO G;5=0< A5<L8 2 D>@<5 A:C;L?BC@K. "0:8< >1@07>< >B:@K205BAO 0=0B><8O, A2O7K20N- 19  MB>B ?5@8>4 2 3@C??5 =0ABC?8;> 8=B5@5A=>5 @0728B85 <56G5;>25G5A:8E >B=>H5=89. #G0AB=8:8 2A5 1>;55 >B:@K20;8AL, G0I5 3>2>@O > ;8G=KE 2>?@>A0E. -DD5:B>< MB>3> AB0;8 A8;L=K5 M<>F8>=0;L=K5 A2O78 <564C G;5=0<8 3@C??K. @><5 ?@>G8E 2 =55 2E>48;8: 5A;8 0<5@>=, 2 1C4CI5< 65=0 8G0@40 M=4;5@0, 6C48B 5>7L5, :>B>@0O 2K945B 70<C6 70 6>=0 @8=45@0, $@0=: LNA5;8:, 09@>= LN8A, 5284 >@4>=, !B82 8;;835=, 5@815B =45@A>=, 68< 9E5@, >;L 0@B5@, "5@@5=A 0:;5=4>= 8 >15@B 8;BA. "5@@5=A 0:;5=4>= >?@545;8; MBC ?>@C :0: @>645=85 =59@>;8=328AB8G5A:>3> ?@>3@0<<8@>20=8O33. A=>2>9 8AA;54>20=89 2 3@C??0E 5B0 >45;8 1K;> 4>?CI5=85 > B><, GB> 8A:;NG0O <5B>4K >@85=B8@>20==K5 8A:;NG8B5;L=> =0 B5;>, 25@10;L=0O :><<C=8:0F8O <564C B5@0?52B>< 8 :;85=B>< O2;O5BAO F5=B@0;L=K< ?C=:B>< :064>9 B5@0?52B8G5A:>9 @01>BK. K;> ?@8=OB>, GB> 2 25@10;L=>9 :><<C=8:0F88 5@;70 8 !0B8@ <>6=> 2K45;8BL A?5F8D8G5A:85 O7K:>2K5 >1@07FK, C:07K20NI85 =0 ?@>1;5<=K5 ?@>F5AAK 8 2K7K20NI85 87<5=5=8O. 5@2>5 >?@545;5=85 MB8E O7K:>2KE ?0BB5@=>2 8 ?@>25@:C 8E 2>7459AB28O 40;> ;8=328AB8G5A:>5 7=0=85 6>=0 @8=45@0. 57C;LB0BK 8AA;54>20=89 1K;8 >?C1;8:>20=K 2 1975 3>4C 2 8740B5;LAB25 Sciens & Behavior Books 2 ?5@2>< B><5 The Structure of Magic (!B@C:BC@0 0388)34. 0 1075 >1I59 A5<0=B8:8 ;LD@540 >-681A:>3>3 8 35=5@0B82=>-B@0=AD>@<0F8>==>9 3@0<<0B8:8 >M<0 %><A:>3>36, M=4;5@C 8 @8=45@C 459AB28B5;L=> C40;>AL 2K@01>B0BL >A=>2K 4;O <>45;8, :>B>@0O 4020;0 2>7<>6=>ABL F5;5=0?@02;5==> A>18@0BL 8=D>@<0F8N > ?@54AB02;O5<>< G5;>25:>< <8@5 (<>45;L <8@0). #A?5E>< B0:65 C25=G0;0AL ?>?KB:0 <>45;8@>20BL 8 B>G=> >?8A0BL AB@C:BC@C ACI5AB25==KE O7K:>2KE A?>A>1=>AB59 5@;70 8 !0B8@ 2 >1;0AB8 CA?5H=>9 :><<C=8:0F88 <564C B5@0?52B>< 8 :;85=B><. "5- I8E 8E >B=>H5=89 8 8E ?>A;54AB28O (A@. B0:65 (. !0B8@, . >;428=, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85, AB@ 192-193 8 198-199). 33 !@. ". 0:;5=4>=, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 25 8 40;55. 34 Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1981a). Metasprache und Psychotherapie. Struktur der Magie I. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (19750). The Structure of Magic (">< 1). Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books]. 35 ;LD@54 >681A:8 8740; 2 1933 3>4C :=83C Korzybski, A. (1933). Science and Sanity. An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics. Lakeville, Conneticut: The International Non-Aristotelian Library Publishing Company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all, . (1992). Flashing Back To The Origins Of Neuro-Linguistic Training. And The Year Is 1933. In: Anchor Point, vol. 6, nr 5, s. 14-18.) (8@>:>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 >A=>2=KE 8459 >681A:>3> 8 8E 7=0G5=85 4;O  =0E>48BAO 2: Jochims, I. (1995). NLP fur Profis. Glaubenssdtze und Sprachmodelle. Paderborir Junfermann. >0< %><A:8 ?@>1>20; >?8A0BL B5 ?@>F5AAK, :>B>@K5 ?@8=8<0NB CG0AB85 2 A>740=88 O7K:0 (@5GL, <KH;5=85, ?8AL<>...). 20 @0?52B8G5A:0O ?>43>B>2:0 8G0@40 M=4;5@0 8 O7K:>2K5 7=0=8O 6>=0 @8=45@0 4>?>;=O;8 A51O B0: CA?5H=>, GB> ?;>4>< MB>3> A>B@C4=8G5AB20 AB0;0 >4=0 87 =081>;55 2K40NI8EAO @01>B > G5;>25G5A:>9 :><<C=8:0F88. > 2@5<O @01>BK =04 5B0 >45;LN, M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ 25;8 >682;5==K9 480;>3 A 8@468=859 !0B8@ 8 @53>@8 59BA>=><. 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[...] # <5=O 5ABL A2>O B5>@8O > B>< :0: 8E 2K720BL. =0=85 >1 MB>< ?@>F5AA5 B5?5@L 7=0G8B5;L=> @0AH8@8;>AL, 1;03>40@O 8G0@4C M=4;5@C 8 6>=C @8=45@C, :>B>@K5 <>3CB 3>2>@8BL :>=:@5B=K<, B>;:>2K< >1@07>< > A>AB02;ONI8E, >B:@KB>3> 8 >?8A0==>3> 8<8 O2;5=8O".38 !@. Spitzer, R. S. (1992). Virginia Satir and Origins of NLP, AB@. 42. 38 Bander, R., Grinder, J. (1981a). Metasprache und Psychotherapie. Struktur der Magie I. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (1975a). The Structure of Magic (Tom 1). Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books], AB@. 11-12. 21 AB@5G0 A =;B>=>< -@=:A>=>< 8G0@4 M=4;5@ 8 6>= @8=45@, A>3;0A=> 8E A>1AB25==K< A;>20<, 2?5@2K5 708=B5@5A>20;8AL 38?=>7><, :>340 70<5B8;8 GB> ?>2545=85 8E :;85=B>2 2> 2@5<O @01>BK, A B0: =07K205<K<8 C?@02;O5<K<8 D0=B078O<8, ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 >B;8G05BAO >B >?8A0=8O ?>2545=8O ;N459, =0E>4OI8EAO 2 A>AB>O=88 B@0=A0 A@54=59 8 3;C1>:>9 AB5?5=8. @53>@8 59BA>= >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 M=4;5@0 8 @8=45@0 =0 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0, A>740B5;O A>2@5<5==>9 38?=>B5@0?88. 59BA>= ;8G=> 402=> 7=0; 53> 8 4@C68; A =8<. #65 >G5=L >A;01;5==K9 1>;57=LN, -@8:A>= 68; 2 B> 2@5<O 2 $5=8:A5 (@87>=0), >1CG0O C A51O 4><0 ABC45=B>2 A> 2A53> <8@0. ! :>=F0 1974 3>40 8G0@4 M=4;5@ 8 6>= @8=45@ <=>3> @07 ;8G=> ?>A5I0;8 -@8:A>=0, GB>1K ?>CG0AB2>20BL 2 53> A5<8=0@0E.40 =0G0;5 8E F5;LN 1K;> 87CG5=85 @01>BK -@8:A>=0, A ?><>ILN B5E A0<KE <5B>48:, :>B>@K5 >=8 C65 >B@01>B0;8 2 @0<:0E A2>8E 8AA;54>20=89 @01>BK 8@468=88 !0B8@ 8 $@8F0 5@;70. =>385 G0AK >=8 @073>20@820;8 A -@8:A>=><, 0 53> 2AB@5G8 A :;85=B0<8 70?8AK20;8 =0 ?;5=:C 8 :0AA5BK. @><5 B>3>, >=8 87CG8;8 53> ?8AL<5==K5 @01>BK, ?>;CG82 B0:65 >B =53> 8 53> CG5=8:0 -@=5AB0 >AA8 !@. 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In: Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 17, AB@.. 573-585). !53>4=O 8;;835= @5H8B5;L=> AB0@05BAO >1J548=8BL 273;O4K A2>8E <5=B>@>2 - -@8:A>=0, M=4;5@0, @8=45@0 8 59BA>=0 - 2 >48= :@50B82=K9 A8=B57. = =0@O4C A 65DD@8 . 593><, -@=5AB>< >AA8 O2;O5BAO >4=8< 87 B5E CG5=8:>2 ?>74=53> -@8:A>=0, :0:85 =081>;55 ?;>4>28B> 8 40;5:> @0728;8 53> ?@8=F8?K. 3> :=830 Gilligan, S. G. (1991). Therapeutische Trance. Das Prinzip Kooperation in der Erickson-schen Hypnotherapie. Heidelberg: Carl Auer Verlag [oryg. (1987). Therapeutic Trances. New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers], <>65B C65 A53>4=O AG8B0BLAO :;0AA8:>9 87 >1;0AB8 38?=>B8G5A:>9 :><<C=8:0F88. 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(1976). The Structur of Magic (B>< 2). Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books], 0 B0:65 Grinder, J., DeLozier, J., Bandler, R. (1977). Patterns of the Hypnotic Techiques of Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (B>< 2). Cupertino: Meta Publications. I5 >4=0 206=0O @01>B0 MB>3> 2@5<5=8, MB> Bandler, R., Grinder, J., Satir, V. Changing With Families. A Book About Further Education For Being Human. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books;HeM. (1978). Mil Fa-milien reden. Gesprachsmuster und therapeutische Verdnderung. Miinchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer. "2>@G5A:89 A8=B57 :>=F5?F89, ?@54AB02;5==KE 2 MB8E @01>B0E, 2?5@2K5 ?>O28;AO 2 1980 3>4C (Dirts, R., Grinder, J., Bandler, R., Bandler-Cameron, L, DeLozier, J. (1985). Strukturen subjektiver Erfahrung Ihre Erforschung und Veranderung durch NLP. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@83. (1980). Neuro-Linguistic Programming (B><. 1). Cupertino: Meta Publications]) 25 '!", 1 " / #&  "5<>9 MB>9 3;02K 1C4CB ?0@0483<K B5@0?52B8G5A:8E A8AB5<. 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aynes, J. (1988). Der Ursprung des BewufStseins durch den Zusammenbruch der bikamera-len Psyche. Rowohlt, Reinbekbei Hamburg [>@838=0; (1976). The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company], AB@. 94-95). 48 >=OB=>, GB> BKAOG5;5B=85 <038G5A:85 A8AB5<K ?@54AB02;ONB 2 @50;L=>AB8 @07;8G=K5 273;O4K =0 MB>B :@C3 ?@>1;5<. A=>2>9 MB8E A8AB5< O2;O5BAO 4@52=55 7=0=85, ?>MB><C =8:>3> =5 C482;O5B D0:B, GB> ?0@0483<K <0388 >:07K20NBAO, ?@8 1;8609H5< @0AA<>B@5=88 =5>1K:=>25==> <C4@K<8 (Markides, . !. (1988). Der Magus van Strovolos. Die faszinierende Welt eines spirituel-len Heilers. Miinchen: Droemersche Verlagsanstalt Th. Knaur Nachf. [oryg. (1985). The Magus of Strovolos. London: Penguin Books].). BAN40, 2 @0<:0E  ?>O28;8AL =5402=> AB@5<;5=8O : <>45;8@>20=8N 8A:CAAB20 H0<0=>2 8 ?@82=5A5=8O 53> 70=>2> 2 70?04=CN :C;LBC@C. 49 Jovanovic, U. J. (1990). Historische Entwicklung der Hypnose. In: D. Revenstorf (@54.). Klinische Hypnose. Berlin Heidelberg New York London Paris Tokyo HongKong Barcelona: SprongerVerlag. AB@. 9. 29 8??>:@0B 25@8;, GB> 2A5 1>;57=8 MB> @57C;LB0B =0@CH5=8O A>>B=>H5=89 G5BK@5E A>:>2 G5;>25G5A:>3> B5;0: :@>28, A;878, 65;G8 8 G5@=>9 65;G8. "0:65 8 ?A8E8G5A:85 =0@CH5=8O, :>B>@KE >= 2K45;8; B@8 B8?0: <5;0=E>;8N, <0=8N 8 phrenitis (;8E>@04:0 <>730), ?> 53> <=5=8N, <>6=> >1JOA=8BL MB8< =5A>>B25BAB285<. = >B1@>A8; 2>7<>6=>ABL ?@840BL 8A:;NG8B5;L=K9 AB0BCA O2;5=8O<, A2O70==K< A MB8<8 1>;57=O<8. "0: >= ?8A0; 2 A2>8E @0AAC645=8OE >1 M?8;5?A88: "! B0: =07K205<>9 A2OB>9 1>;57=LN, 45;0 >1AB>OB B0:. 8 2 :>5< A;CG05 <=5 =5 :065BAO, GB> >=0 8<55B 1>;55 1>65AB25==K9 8AB>G=8:, =565;8 4@C385 1>;57=8. =0 B0:65 =5 1>;55 A2OB0, => >1;0405B B5<8 65 ?@8G8=0<8 8 A2>9AB20<8, GB> 8 >AB0;L=K5 1>;57=8.  @57C;LB0B5 >BACBAB28O >?KB0 8 =57=0=8O, ;N48 AG8B0;8, GB> 55 :0G5AB20 8 ?@8G8=K 1>65AB25==>9 ?@8@>4K, ?>A:>;L:C >=0 A>25@H5==> =5 ?>E>60 =0 4@C385 1>;57=8.  87-70 A;>6=>AB8 2 55 >?@545;5=88 25@8;8 2 55 1>65AB25==>5 ?@>8AE>645=85. [...] A;8, >4=0:>, 87-70 55 =5>1K:=>25==>AB8 >=0 1C45B ?@8=OB0 70 =5GB> 1>65AB25==>5, B> C =0A 1C45B =5 >4=0 A2OB0O 1>;57=L, 0 <=>65AB2>, B0: :0: O ?>:06C GB> 8 8=K5, > :0:8E =8:B> =5 4C<05B, B0:65 A2OBK 8 =5 <5=55 =5>1K:=>25==K 8 ?>@078B5;L=K [...]"50. 0: B5@0?8N, 4;O ;5G5=8O ?A8E8G5A:8E 1>;57=59, 8??>:@0B @5:><5=4>20; 485BK, 3>;>40=8O, :C?0=8O, A25689 2>74CE, <0AA06, 42865=85 8 B.4. 3> CG5=85 > A>:0E 2 =0H5 2@5<O =5 =0H;0 =8:0:>3> ?@8<5=5=8O. 4=0:> 53> C15645=85 > B><, GB> 2A5 AB@040=8O 8<5NB A2>8 ?@8G8=K 2 =525@=>< DC=:F8>=8@>20=88 B5;0, 459AB25==K 8 ?> A59 45=L51. A=E>35=5B?G5A:?? 273;O4 >@=8 ?A8E>35=5B8G5A:>3> >1JOA=5=8O ?A8E8G5A:8E 1>;57=59, B0:65 >B=>AOBAO : 2@5<5=0< 0=B8G=>9 @5F88. @8AB>B5;L (384-322 33. 4> =0H59 M@K) >?8A0; 2 A2>5< B@C45 " 4CH5" @07;8G=K5 A?>A>1=>AB8 G5;>25:0. #65 53> CG8B5;L ;0B>= (427-347 33. 4> =0H59 M@K), ?>4G5@:820; ?@5645 2A53> @0F8>=0;L=CN, ?>7=020B5;L=CN A?>A>1=>ABL G5;>25:0. @8AB>B5;L, :@><5 2A53> ?@>G53>, 70=8<0;AO <5B0D878G5A:>9 687=LN 4CH8. = A>740; >A=>2C ?A8E>;>388 Storing, H. J. (1982). Kleine Weltgeschichte der Wissenschaft in zwei Banden (B>< 1). Franfkurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag. AB@. 106-107. 51 57028A8<> >B B>3> D0:B0, GB> <548F8=5 =5 C40;>AL 4> A53>4=OH=53> 4=O CAB0=>28BL A><0B8G5A:85 ?@8G8=K =52@>B8G5A:8E 8 ?A8E8G5A:8E 701>;520=89, <=>385 B5@0?52BK ?@845@6820NBAO, :0: 38?>B57, A><0B>35=5B8G5A:8E >1JOA=5=89. -B> >1JOA=O5B, H8@>:> @0A?@>AB@0=5==CN ?@0:B8:C 2@0G59 ?A8E80B@>2, A>AB>OICN 2 B><, GB> 2 A;CG0OE >B:;>=ONI8EAO >B =>@< ?5@56820=89 8 >ICI5=89, >=8 ?@8?8AK20NB ;5:0@AB20, =530B82=K5 8;8 ?>78B82=K5 2>7459AB28O :>B>@KE =5>1KG09=> A?>@=K. 30  65;0=8O. 5 3;02=K5 M;5<5=BK 4> =0H8E 4=59 O2;ONBAO ?>?C;O@=K<8 G0ABO<8 ?A8E>;>38G5A:8E >1JOA=5=89. >E0==5A %8@H15@35@ >?8AK205B MB> CG5=85 B0:8< >1@07><: " 0745;ONB =87H85 8 2KAH85 AB@5<;5=8O. 5@2K5, 8=AB8=:B82=K5, @50;87CNBAO 2 =5>1E>48<>AB8 ?@8=8<0BL ?8IC 8 C4>2;5B2>@5=88 ?>;>2>3> 2;5G5=8O, 0 B0:65 ?@8 ;N1>< 2>725;8G820=88, :>B>@>5 C4>2;5B2>@O5B =0HC 0<18F8N, E@01@>ABL, 65;0=85 1>@L1K, <5AB8, 3=52 8 =5=028ABL, 65;0=85 A2>1>4K, A0<>CB25@645=8O 8 A8;K. 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irschberger, J. (1981). Geschichte der Philosophie (t. 1): Altertum und Mittelalter. Freiburg Basel Wien: Verlag Herder, AB@. 212-213 (@8254Q==K5 %8@H15@35@>< >@838=0;L=K5 4@52=53@5G5A:85 ?>=OB8O ?@>?CI5=K). 31 ;>388. [...] 4> A0<>9 A<5@B8 >= =045O;AO, GB> 53> B5>@8O =0:>=5F 1C45B @0AA<>B@5=0 2 D878>;>38G5A:>< 8 18>E8<8G5A:>< :>=B5:AB5. 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"0:8< >1@07><, B5>@8O :815@=5B8:8 1078@C5BAO =0 >1JOA=5=88 ?>2545=8O A;>6=KE >@30=87<>2 A ?><>ILN <>45;59, A>740==KE ?@8 ?><>I8 A8=B570 M;5:B@>=8:8 8 18>;>388. ;O 87CG5=8O =>2>9 B5>@88 1K; A>720= A5<8=0@, 2 :>B>@>< CG0AB2>20;8 <0B5<0B8:8, =59@>D878>;>38 8 8=65=5@K -M;5:B@>=I8:8. 0=>2> A>74020;8AL >A=>2K >1I53> O7K:0 (>1CG5=85, 2>A?><8=0=85, C?@02;5=85, >1@0B=0O A2O7L, 3>-<5>AB07 8 B0: 40;55). :070;>AL B0:65, GB> MB0 B5>@8O =0E>48B ?@8<5=5=85 2 B0:8E 48AF8?;8=0E, :0:: M:>=><8:0, C?@02;5=85, A>F8>;>38O 8 0=B@>?>;>38O. [...] 7>1@5B5=85 :><?LNB5@>2, 2 ?OB845AOBKE 3>40E, A8;L=> CA:>@8;> 8AA;54>20=8O =04 8A:CAAB25==K< 8=B5;;5:B>< 8 @>1>B0<8.[...] >2K9 MB0? =0G0;AO 2 1954 3>4C, :>340 18>;>3 N4283 D>= 5@B0;0=DD8 A>720; 8AA;54>20B5;LA:CN 3@C??C, :>B>@0O 2K1@0;0 A515 F5;LN 2:;NG8BL :815@=5B8:C 2 >1I85 8AA;54>20=8O A8AB5<. [,..]"54. 5H5=85 ?@>1;5< 0=B@>?>;>388 8 ?A8E80B@88, 8A?>;L7CO :815@=5B8G5A:85 :>=F5?F88, 8=8F88@>20; 0=3;>-0<5@8:0=A:89 0=B@>?>;>3 @53>@8 59BA>=. 3> 8AA;54>20=8O ?@825;8 : =>2><C 273;O4C =0 ?A8E80B@8N. = @07@01>B0; >A=>2K B5>@88 :><<C=8:0F88, 0 55 A8AB5<=0O D>@<C;0 1K;0 >?@545;5=0 2 Mental Research Institute (MRI) 2 0;> ;LB>. 0: C65 C?><8=0;>AL, M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@, @01>B0O =04 A2>8<8 <>45;O<8, =0E>48;8AL 2 ?>AB>O==>< :>=B0:B5 A @53>@8 59BA>=><, 8@468=859 !0B8@ (>4=8< 87 >A=>20B5;59 MRI), >15@B>< !?8BF5@>< 8 8;B>=>< -@8:A>=><, :>B>@K9 B0:65 >:070; >3@><=>5 2;8O=85 =0 :>=F5?F88 8=AB8BCB0. >MB><C =5>1E>48<> >B<5B8BL, GB> ?>8A:8 A;54>2 <KA;8 59BA>=0 8 3@C??K 0;> ;LB> <>3CB ?><>GL 2 ?>=8<0=88 . 035, ., Picard, D. (1991). Bateson, Watzlawick und die Schule van Palo Alto. Frankfurt am Main: Hain [>@83. (1984). L'ecole de Palo Alto. Paris: Editions Retz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ental Research Institute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erman, . (1985). Wiederverzauberung der Welt. Am Ende des Newtonschen Zeitalters. Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag [>@838=0; (1981). Reenchantment of the World. London: Cornell University Press], AB@. 220. 56 !@02=8B5 48A:CAA8N > 59BA>=5, 2 :>B>@>9 CG0AB2>20;8: >@@8A 5@<0=, $@8BL>D 0?@0, >15@B 828=3AB>=, C?5@B (5;4@59:, 8 $@0=F8A:> 0@5;0, ?><5I5==CN 2 :=835 Kakuska, R. (edit.). (1986). Andere Wirklichkeiten. Die neue Konvergenz van Naturwis-senschaften und spirituellen Traditionen. Miinchen: Goldmann Verlag. AB@. 131-152. 34 AN 687=L >= AB0@0;AO 4C<0BL =04:C;LBC@=K<8 :0B53>@8O<8. = >B@8F0; ?0BB5@=K <KH;5=8O, :>B>@K5 ?> 845>;>38G5A:8< ?@8G8=0< 2>725;8G820;8 A>1AB25==K5 :C;LBC@=K5 G5@BK.  A2O78 A MB8<, 53> 8458 G0AB> 2KE>48;8 70 @0<:8 8725AB=KE 8 ?@87=0==KE AE5<. I5 >4=0 ?@>1;5<0 A>AB>O;0 2 B><, GB> 53> ?>8A:8 8<5;8 8=B5@48AF8?;8=0@=K9 E0@0:B5@. ;O B>3> GB>1K >1JOA=8BL A2>8 273;O4K, >= =5 :>;51;OAL ?>;L7>20;AO 4>AB865=8O<8 0=B@>?>;>388, ?A8E>;>388, A>F8>;>388, ;8=328AB8:8, 7>>;>388, 1>B0=8:8, 8AB>@88, 8A:CAAB20 8 :815@=5B8:8. >MB><C 53> 8458 =52>7<>6=> A25AB8 : ?@>ABK<, >4=>7=0G=K< 2KA:07K20=8O<. 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"0:65 :065BAO, GB> B5>@5B8G5A:>5 >1>A=>20=85 MB>3> 2>?@>A0, A45;0; ?>765, >1CG0NI89AO C 59BA>=0 >15@B 8;BA57. @><5 B>3>, A>>B25BAB2CNI55 ?@54AB02;5=85 MB>9 M?8AB5<>;>388 ?@840;> 1K =5A>87<5@8<K9 @0=3 01AB@0:B=K< A2O7O<. >A:>;L:C, ?>7=020B5;L=0O B5>@8O 59BA>=0 ?>B@OA;0 B@048F8>==K5 ?@8=F8?K 2>A?@8OB8O 8 <KH;5=8O 2 70?04=KE AB@0=0E, 2 55 ?;0:0B=>< C?@>I5=88 ?@>?0;8 1K 206=K5 4;O =0A 2>?@>AK58. 0 !@. Dilts, R. . (1983). Roots of Neuro-Linguistic Programming. Cupertino: Meta Publications. -B0 :=830 A>AB>8B 87 B@QE G0AB59: Part 1:Roots of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (1976) ?@54AB02;O5B >@85=B8@>20==CN =0 ?@>F5AA <>45;L =59@>;8=328AB8G5A:>3> ?@>3@0<<8@>20=8O. -B>B ?@>F5AA ?@8=8<05BAO, :0: >1@0B=> A2O70==0O 8=B5@0:F8O, <564C ?@>3@0<<8AB>< 8 :;85=B><. A:;NG8B5;L=> B5E=8G5A:>5 ?@54AB02;5=85, ?>4GQ@:8205B A2O78 <564C B5>@859 8=D>@<0F88, =52@>;>3859 8 :815@=5B8:>9. -B8 48AF8?;8=K A>740NB, A>3;0A=> 8;BAC, B5>@5B8G5A:89 D>= <>45;8 .  Part 2: EEG and Representational Systems (1977), 8;BA >?8AK205B <>45;L :815@=5B8G5A:>3> <>730 8 ?@>2545==K9 8< M:A?5@8<5=B, :>B>@K9 4>;65= 1K; 87CG8BL 2>7<>6=K5 :>@@5;OF88 <564C ?0BB5@=0<8 42865=8O 3;07, AC1J5:B82=K< >?KB><, A8AB5<0<8 @5?@575=B0F88 8 M;5:B@8G5A:>9 0:B82=>ABLN <>730. Part 3: Applications of Neuro-Linguistic Programming to Therapy (1978) A>45@68B >17>@ ?@8<5=5=8O  2 B5@0?88. 1JOA=O5BAO B0:65 ?@8<5=5=85 >B45;L=KE B5E=8:. 45AL =5>1E>48<> ;8HL 2A?><=8BL, GB> 59BA>= >B:070;AO, :@><5 ?@>G53>, >B 48E>B><88 AC1J5:B0 8 >1J5:B0, 4CE0 8 <0B5@88, B0:65 >B:070;AO >B ?5@28G=>AB8 <0B5@88 8 42865=8O. AQ MB> 70<5=OO E>;8AB8G5A:8< >1@07F><, >1@0B=> A2O70==KE >B=>H5=89 (A@. . Berman, AB@. 262). 35 >A=>25 2A53> MB>3> 2>7=8:;0 <KA;L, ?>;=>ABLN >?CAB8BL MB>B 0A?5:B 53> B5>@88. >4>1=KE ?@>1;5< ?>O28;>AL 1>;LH5. 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M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ ?>G5@?=C;8 C 8=AB8BCB0 >A=>2=CN 845N. @54KAB>@8O MRI, 2 A2>N >G5@54L, B5A=> A2O70=0 A @01>B>9 59BA>=0, :>B>@K9 1K; 4CE>2=K< <5=B>@>< MB>9 H:>;K. 5:>=AB@C:F8O 7028A8<>AB8, 2 ?@>F5AA5 A>740=8O , B0:8< >1@07><, B@51C5B ?@5645 2A53> ?>:070BL :>@=8 MB>9 =>2>9 <KA-;8 . 0;55 O >3@0=8GCAL 0=0;87>< @0728B8O MB8E 8459 59BA>=0, :>B>@K5 =5?>A@54AB25==> ?@825;8 : B5>@88 A8AB5<=KE B5@0?52B8G5A:8E :>=F5?F89. = 2:;NG05B, 3;02=K< >1@07>< 53> @01>BC 4> <><5=B0 AD>@<8@>20=8O 38?>B57K 42>9=>9 A2O7:8. 4=0:> GB>1K ?>;CG8BL ?>;=CN :0@B8=C, =5>1E>48<> 2=0G0;5 ?@>8725AB8 >1I89 >17>@ 45OB5;L=>AB8 59BA>=061. 45 B>;L:> MB> 2>7<>6=>, <K ?KB05<AO C@02=>25A8BL MB>B =54>AB0B>: AAK;:>9 =0 ;8B5@0BC@C. 60 @54AB02;5==0O 745AL 0@3C<5=B0F8O, 2 >?@545;Q==>< A<KA;5 8A:CAAB25==0. =0 =5 >H81>G=0, => ?> 2848<><C A>45@68B ;8HL ?>;>28=C ?@024K. -B> 8AE>48B 87 3;C1>:>3> ?@>15;0 2 ;8B5@0BC@5: 0 8<5==> - =5B, ?> :@09=59 <5@5 4> A53> <><5=B0, ?>GB8 =8:0:>3> =0A;548O > =5?>A@54AB25==>< >1<5=5 <KA;O<8, 8<52H5< <5AB>, 2 =0G0;5 A5<845AOBKE <564C 59BA>=><, M=4;5@>< 8 @8=45@><. 59BA>=, >4=0:>, AK3@0; 206=CN @>;L 2 @0728B88 . >MB><C ?>O28;0AL =5>1E>48<>ABL >?@545;8BL >1;0ABL, 2 :>B>@>9 53> 2;8O=85 1K;> >ICB8<K<. 5>1E>48<>, >4=0:>, >B:@>25==> A:070BL, GB> 1C4CI85 8AA;54>20=8O 25@>OB=> 2=5ACB 2 MBC 48A:CAA8N 4>?>;=8B5;L=K5 A2545=8O. 61 0==K9 >17>@, A:>=F5=B@8@>20= =0 206=KE ">?>@=KE ?C=:B0E" <KH;5=8O 59BA>=0. >;=K9 A?8A>: 53> @01>B ?@82>48BAO 2 :=835 Bateson, G. (1985). Eine Theorie des Spiels und der Phantasie. IN: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@.649-658) [>@838=0;  Theory of Play and Phantasy; A Report on Theoretical Aspects of the Project for Study of the Role of Paradoxes of Abstracion in Communication. In: (1955). Approaches to the Study of Human Personality. American Psychiatric Association. Psychiatric Research Reports,1972]. >?>;=8B5;L=K5 8=B5@5A=K5 40==K5 > 687=8 59BA>=0 <>6=> =09B8 2 :=835 Bateson, . !. (1986). Mit den Augen einer Tochter. Meine Erinnerungen an Margaret Mead und Gregory Bateson. Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag [>@838=0; With a Daughter's Eye. A Memoir of Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson]. 36 "    "! -   @53>@8 59BA>= @>48;AO 2 =3;88 2 1940 3>4C 2 1>30B>9 <5I0=A:>9 A5<L5, :>B>@0O C65 2 B@5E ?>:>;5=8OE 1K;0 ?>425@65=0 2;8O=8N B@048F88 M;8B0@=>3> #=825@A8B5B0 5<1@846. 3> >B5F, 8;LO< 59BA>=, 1K; 8725AB=K< 18>;>3><, A;02C :>B>@><C ?@8=5A;0 1>@L10 A B5>@859 M2>;NF88 0@28=0. = 8 1K; 24>E=>28B5;5< 8459 59BA>=062.  =0G0;5 4204F0BKE 3>4>2 59BA>= 87CG0; 7>>;>38N 2 !59=B 6>=A >;;546 2 5<1@8465.  1924 ?>A;5 >:>=G0=8O MB>3> 702545=8O >= >B?@028;AO 2 ?CB5H5AB285, ?> A;540< 0@28=0 4>1@02H8AL 4> >AB@>2>2 0;0?03>A. 5@=C2H8AL 2 1925 3>4C, >= AB0; 87CG0BL 0=B@>?>;>38N C %044>=0, 04:;8DD5-@0C=0 8 0;8=>2A:>3>. 20 3>40 A?CABO >= >B?@028;AO =0 >2CN 28=5N, GB>1K 87CG8BL 687=L >E>B=8:>2 70 3>;>20<8. !>1@0==K9 <0B5@80; 1K; 8A?>;L7>20= 2 48?;><=>9 @01>B5, 7025@H5==>9 2 1930 3>4C63.  1932 3>4C 59BA>= 25@=C;AO =0 >2CN 28=5N. 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Comment On  The Comparative Study of Culture and the Purposive Cultivation of Democratic Values" by Margaret Mead. In: L. Bryson, L. Finkelstein (@54.). (1942). Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion, Second Symposium (AB@. 81-97). New York: Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, Inc].).  MB>< @5D5@0B5 59BA>= 2?5@2K5 ?C1;8G=> ?@54AB028; A2>8 @0==85 8458 > B5>@88 >1CG5=8O. 38 A:8E :>=F5?F89 2 @5H5=88 ?A8E80B@8G5A:8E ?@>1;5<. ">340 >= ?>=O;, GB> 3;02=CN @>;L 2 =8E 83@0NB ?@>F5AAK :><<C=8:0F88.  1949 3>4C 1@0: 59BA>=>2 @0A?0;AO. = ?>:8=C; LN >@: 8 ?5@55E0; 2 !0= $@0=F8A:>. >;6=>ABL MB=>;>30 2 5B5@0=5 4<8-=8AB@59H5= %>A?8B0; 2 0;> ;LB> ?>72>;O;0 5<C 87CG0BL 2A5 GB> 53> 8=B5@5A>20;>.  5=3;8 >@B5@ ;8=8:, .@35=>< C5H5< >= 1K; 22545= 2 <8@ ?A8E80B@88.  1951 3>4C 2KH;0 :=830 Communication: The Social Matrix of Psychiatry (><<C=8:0F8O: A>F80;L=0O <0B@8F0 ?A8E80B@88)63. 59BA>= 8 C5H >?8A0;8 2 =59 >A=>2K >1I59 B5>@88 G5;>25G5A:>9 :><<C=8:0F88.  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A>15==> 1>;LH>5 2?5G0B;5=85 ?@>872>4OB 53> @01>BK > H87>D@5=88. !>2<5AB=> A >=>< . 65:A>=><, 655< %59;8 8 6>=>< X. #8:;5=4>< 5<C C40;>AL AD>@<C;8@>20BL >B=>A8B5;L=> H87>D@5=88 38?>B57C, B0: =07K205<>9, 42>9=>9 A2O7:871. -B>, 25@>OB=>, =081>;55 8725AB=>5 =0CG=>5 4>AB865=85 59BA>=0. => ?@825;> : :@8AB0;;870F88 B5@0?89, >A=>20==KE =0 A8AB5<=>9 B5>@88. >20B>@AB2> :>=F5?F88 42>9=>9 A2O7:8 A>AB>O;>, ?@5645 2A53>, 2 ?>8A:5 ?@8G8= H87>D@5=88 2 ?0B>;>38G5A:8E AB@C:BC@0E :><<C=8:0F88 A5<L8 G5;>25:0, AB@040NI53> MB8< =54C3><.  :>=F5 1962 3>40 59BA>= 70:>=G8; @01>BC 2 5B5@0=5 4-<8=8AB@59H5= %>A?8B0;. ! 1949 3>40 >= ?@>2>48; B0< 8AA;54>20=8O 8 >1CG0;.  MB>B ?5@8>4 <=>3>5 ?@>87>H;>: A=0G0;0 2 1950 8<5; <5AB> @072>4 A 0@30@5B 84, 70B5< B@038G5A:89 1@0: A 5BB8 !0<-<5@ 8 =0:>=5F @538AB@0F8O 1@0:0 A C8A 5<<5: 2 1960 3>4C.  1963 3>4C 59BA>= ?5@55E0; 2 !B. 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Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp]. 41  #"  "  #& 0==85 0=B@>?>;>38G5A:85 8AA;54>20=8O =0 >2>9 28=55  1932 3>4C 59BA>= 2> 2B>@>9 @07 ?>A5B8; >2CN 28=5N.  =0G0;5 >= =0E>48;AO 2 A8BC0F88 4>2>;L=> =5>1KG=>9 4;O >1@07>20==>3> 0=B@>?>;>30.  ?@548A;>288 : "5925=", >= ?@87=05BAO, GB> 8<5; ;8HL A<CB=>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 > B><, GB> 65;05B 87CG0BL. 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"0:8< >1@07><, 2 =0G0;5 C =53> =5 1K;> =8:0:>9 B>G:8 >?>@K. >MB><C 1>;LH0O G0ABL 53> ?>;52KE @01>B A>AB>O;0 2 15AA8AB5<=><, => BI0B5;L=>< A1>@5 @07=>3> @>40 8=D>@<0F88.  @5D5@0B5 1940 3>40 >= ?8H5B: "A>15==> <5=O 8=B5@5A>20;8 8AA;54>20=8O B>3>, GB> O =07K20N B@048F8>==K< 87CG5=85< D>@<0;L=KE 45B0;59. / ?>5E0; 2 >2CN 28=5N [...] 8 2 >4=>< 87 ?5@2KE ?8A5< 4><>9, 60;COAL =0 B>, :0:8< 15AF5;L=K< O2;O5BAO <>5 65;0=85 ?@>0=0;878@>20BL B0:>5 =5C;>28<>5 ?>=OB85, :0: 2?5G0B;5=85 >B :C;LBC@K. / =01;N40; 70 3@C??>9 <5AB=KE 68B5;59, :>B>@K5 6520;8 15B5;, ?;520;8, A<5O;8AL, HCB8;8 8 B.4., A8;L=> >ICI0O, <CG8B5;L=CN =52>7<>6=>ABL A45;0BL B>, GB> O 70?;0=8@>20;"8 . !@. . 59BA>=, "5925=", AB@. 257-258. 82 !@. B0< 65, AB@. 12. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes. Anthropologische, psychologische, biologische und epistemologische Perspektiven (AB@. 114-132). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp [>@838=0;. (1941). Experiments in Thinking About Observed Ethnological Material. Philosophy of Science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E0@0:B5@0 4;O 2A5E, 8;8 A5;5:B82=> D>@<8@>20BL @>645==KE, :0: ?@54AB028B5;59 <C6A:>3> ?>;0 8;8 65=A:>3>, B0: GB>1K >=8 AB0@0;8AL >B25G0BL 42C< :C;LBC@=>- @07;8G=K<, >?@545;5==K< 8450;L=K< B8?0<. 8>;>38G5A:89 ?>; O2;O5BAO =>A8B5;5< D0:B>@0 B5<?5@0<5=B0, => :C;LBC@=>5 2;8O=85 4>AB0B>G=> A8;L=>, GB>1K 40==K9 B5<?5@0<5=B ?5@5D>@<8@>20BL B0:8< >1@07><, GB> 1>;LH0O G0ABL 8=48284C0;L=>AB8 1C45B ?>4AB@>5=0 : :C;LBC@=K< B@51>20=8O< 8 ?@8=04;560I8< 8< ?@54AB02;5=8O< > 65=AB25==>AB8 8 <C65AB25==>AB8"86. 0@30@5B 84 708=B5@5A>20;0 MB>9 ?@>1;5<>9 59BA>=0.  459AB28B5;L=>, 87CG5=85 O2=> ?@>B82>?>;>6=>3> ?>2545=8O OB<C;L-A:8E 65=I8= 8 <C6G8= 40;> ?;>4K. AO ?C1;8G=0O 687=L MB>3> >1I5AB20 1K;0 25AL<0 ?>:070B5;L=>9. >;55 2A53> 1@>A0;0AL 2 3;070 G5@B0 <C6A:>3> ?>2545=8O - B50B@0;L=> 45<>=AB@8@C5<0O 3>@4>ABL, 2>7=8:0NI0O 87 A>?5@=8G5AB20. >2545=85 OB<C;A:8E 65=I8= 1K;> A>25@H5==> ?@>B82>?>;>6=K<. E 0:B82=>ABL A2>48;0AL : A:@><- !@02=8B5 Stag!, E., Stagl, J. (1988). Einleitung des Herausgebers. In: F. R. Vivelo. Hand-buch der Kulturanthropolgie. Eine Grundlegende Einfiihrung. Miichen: Deutscher Taschen-buch Verlag, AB@. 15-16. 5A:>;L:> 8A:;NG8B5;L=> ?@0:B8G=KE 70<5G0=89 > 3@C??5 >0A0 <>6=> =09B8 B0:65 2: Pirsing, R. . (1992). Lila Oder der Versuch iiber Moral. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer Verlag [oryg. (1991). Lila; An Inquiry into Morals. New York: Bantam Books], AB@. 61-67. !@. Mead, M. (1970). Jugend und Sexualitat in primitiven Gesellschaften (t. 1). Kindheit und Jugend in Samoa. Munchen: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag [>@838=0; (1928). Coming of Age in Samoa. New York: Wiliam Morrow & Co., Inc.] M. 59BA>=, AB@. 158-159. 43 =><C 8A?>;=5=8N 4><0H=8E @01>B 8 2>A?8B0=8N 45B59.  F5;>< >=8 :070;8AL ?>;=K<8 A?>:>9AB28O @04>AB8 8 A>CG0AB8O. 0 ?5@2>< C@>2=5 A2>53> 0=0;870, 59BA>= AB0@0;AO AD>@<C;8@>20BL B8?>;>38N ?>;0. 0 >A=>25 =01;N45=89 >= >?@545;8; B8?8G=K5 284K ?>2545=8O 65=I8= 8 <C6G8=. 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MB>< :>=B5:AB5 59BA>= A>740; ?>=OB85 H87<>35=57089. = >?@545;8; MB> ?>=OB85 >1>1I5==>, :0: "?@>F5AA @0745;5=8O =>@< ?>2545=8O, ?@>8AE>4OI89 87 =0:>?;5=8O 8=B5@0:F89 <564C ;N4L- !@. . 59BA>=, "5925=", AB@. 160-170. 88 . 59BA>=, "!>7=0=85 8 ?@8@>40", AB@. 257. 89 >=OB85 H87<>35=570 8<55B >3@><=>5 7=0G5=85, ?>A:>;L:C <>65B ?@0:B8:>20BLAO :0: >A=>20 B5>@88 :><<C=8:0F88.  :>=F5 H5AB845AOBKE, MB0 :0B53>@8O 1K;0 ?@8<5=5=0 0F;028:><, 828=>< 8 65:A>=>< 2 C?@>I5==>9 D>@<5, 4;O >?8A0=8O ?@8@>4K >?@545;Q==KE 83@, >B=>H5=89, :0:85 <>6=> =01;N40BL <564C ;N4L<8, =0@>40<8 8 4@C38<8 A8AB5<0<8. !@. Watzlawick, P., Beavin, J. H., Jackson, D. D. (1969/1990). Menschliche Kommunikation. Formen, Storungen, Paradoxien. Bern Stuttgart Toronto: Veriag Hans Huber [oryg. (1967). Pragmatics of Human Communication. A Study of International Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes. New York: W. W. 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A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:85 8458, :>B>@K5 2 B@84F0BKE 3>40E 2>7=8:;8 B0:65 2 0=B@>?>;>388, 40;8 8AA;54>20B5;O< 845N ?@>0=0;878@>20BL @0==55 2>A?8B0=85 45B59 C 10;89F52. 59BA>= 8 84 1KAB@> ?>=O;8, GB> :;NG>< : 10;89A:>9 :C;LBC@5 O2;O5BAO A?>A>1 ?>4E>40 : :C;L<8=0F8>==K< B>G:0< M<>F89.1 =8 >B:@K;8, GB> 2 ?5@8>4 2>A?8B0=8O 45B59, 10;89FK A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 AB0@0;8AL >A;018BL B5=45=F88 @515=:0 : :C<C;OB82=K< 8=B5@0:F8O<. ;;NAB@0F859 B><C <>65B A;C68BL ?@8<5@, ?@54AB02;5==K9 59BA>=>< 2 53> AB0BL5: Bateson, G. (1985). Ball: Das Wertesystem in einem Zustand des Fliefigleichgewichts. In: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (s. 156-181) [>@838=0; Bali: The Value System of a Steady State. In: Meyer-Fortes. (1949). Social Structure: Studies Presented to A. R. Radcliffe-Brown (AB. 35-53). Oxford: Clarendon Press], AB@. 156-181 (F8B0B0, AB@. 163.). 99 !@. G. Bateson. 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offman, S. ., Hochapfel, G. (1987). Einfiihrung in die Neurosenlehre und Psycho-somatische Medizin. Stuttgart New York: UTB Schattauer Verlags-gesellschaft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i 51 6>= . #>BA>= (John B. Watson 1878-1958), A>740B5;L 18E528>@87<0, 8A?>;L7>20; ?@8=F8?K 02;>20 4;O 0=0;870 ?>2545=8O G5;>25:0. 3> B0:65 70=8<0;0 ?@>1;5<0 B>3>, :0: D>@<8@CNBAO =>2K5 A;>6=K5 D>@<K @50:F89. #>BA>= CB25@640;, GB> =>2K5 D>@<K ?>2545=8O >?8@0NBAO =0 <5E0=8G5A:>5 A2O7K20=85 C65 ACI5AB2CNI8E G0AB8G=KE @50:F89. =8 A>25@H5=AB2CNBAO, 1;03>40@O C?@06=5=8O<, 4> B>3> <><5=B0, ?>:0 =5 AD>@<8@C5BAO =>20O @50:F8O. 5>1E>48<K ;8HL A>>B25BAB2CNI85 2=5H=85 @074@068B5;8, 8=8F88@CNI85 MB>B ?@>F5AA. #>BA>= ?@>8;;NAB@8@>20; MB>B ?@8=F8? 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'5< G0I5 >=0 1C45B ?>?040BL 2 B0:CN A8BC0F8N, B5< 25@=55 1C45B @5038@>20BL. 0:>=5F, >=0 >B@5038@C5B =0 @074@068B5;L (:>@< 2 :;5B:5) =>2>9 F5;>AB=>9 @50:F859107. 0@@ECA $@545@8: !:8==5@ (Burrhus Frederic Skinner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kinner Box.  OI8:5 =0E>48;AO :@C6>:. >340 : :@C6:C ?@8:;0- !@. Schneewind, Personlichkeitstheorien (B><. 1). Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchge-sellschaft, AB@. 148-149.  >G5=L 8=B5@5A=>9 ?>25AB8 "Walden Two" !:8==5@ 8A?>;L7>20; ?@8=F8? ?>4:@5?;5=8O, :0: >A=>2C 4;O A>740=8O CB>?8G5A:>3> >1I5AB20. !@02=8B5 Skinner, B. F. (1970). Futurum Zwei. Hamburg: Christian Wegner Verlag [oryg. (1948). Walden Two. New York: Macmillan Co]. 52 4K20;>AL 402;5=85, 02B><0B 2KAK?0; =51>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> :>@<0. K;> 70<5G5=>: 2=0G0;5 3>;C18 15AF5;L=> 42830;8AL 2 @07=KE =0?@02;5=8OE, 2 >?@545;5==K9 <><5=B A;CG09=> 2:;NG82 <5E0=87<.  C65 ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E =060B89, ?B8FK ?> 2A59 25@>OB=>AB8 ?>=O;8, GB> >=8 ?>;CG0NB ?8IC, =0402;820O =0 :@C6>:. ! MB>3> <><5=B0 1>;LHCN G0ABL 2@5<5=8 >=8 ?@>2>48;8 =068<0O =0 =53>. B>@>9 20@80=B MB>3> M:A?5@8<5=B0 1K; >A=>20= =0 B><, GB> :>340 ?>A;5 ?@54C?@548B5;L=>3> A83=0;0, =0 :@C6>: =8:B> =5 4028;, ?B8F ?>425@30;8 M;5:B@>H>:C. "0:65 8 2 MB8E CA;>28OE 3>;C18 ?>AB>O==> =068<0;8 =0 :@C6>:. 59BA>= :@8B8:>20; B0:85 B5>@88 >1CG5=8O, >128=OO 8E 2 B><, GB> >=8 70=8<0NBAO CA2>5=85< B>;L:> >4=>3> ?0BB5@=0 ?>2545=8O. @>F5AA >1CG5=8O 1>;55 A;>65=. 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Die Okologie des Geistes, AB@. 228 59BA>= ?>708<AB2>20; ?>=OB85 8=B5@?C=:F88 >B 8AA;54>20B5;O O7K:>2 5=60<8=0 8 #>@D0. ! A53>4=OH=59 B>G:8 7@5=8O, <K 3>2>@8< A:>@55 > 15AA>7=0B5;L=>< C?@02;5=88 >@30=0<8 GC2AB2 8 > :>=F5=B@0F88 2=8<0=8O. 53 A>= 2K45;8; 2=0G0;5 G5BK@5 3;02=KE :>=B5:AB0 ?>78B82=>3> >1CG5=8O110: 1. ;0AA8G5A:85 :>=B5:ABK 02;>20: @8<5=5=85 @074@068B5;59 8;8 ?>40G0 :>@<0 7028AOB ;8HL >B ?;0=0 M:A?5@8<5=B0. 82>B=>5, CG0AB2CNI55 2 M:A?5@8<5=B5, >AB05BAO ?0AA82=K<. => =8:0: =5 2;8O5B =0 B5G5=85 A>1KB89. 2. >=B5:ABK 8=AB@C<5=B0;L=>9 =03@04K: 074@068B5;L (=0?@8<5@, 2>7=8:H0O ?@>1;5<0) 2=0G0;5, :0: ?@028;>, =5OA5=.  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ateson. 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A2>59 AB0BL5, Moral and National Character (>@0;L 8 =0F8>=0;L=K9 E0@0:B5@, 1942 3>40) 59BA>= ?8A0;: "0;LG8:, 2>A?8B0=85 :>B>@>3> 2 ?C1;8G=>9 0=3;89A:>9 H:>;5 70:>=G8;>AL ?>@065=85<, @5038@C5B =0 ?C1;8G=CN A8AB5<C >1@07>20=8O, 4065 5A;8 ?5@2>=0G0;L=> :>@=8 53> @0AAB@>9AB20 ;560;8 2 =5:>< A;CG09=>< B@02<0B8G5A:>< A>1KB88. @8=OBK5 8< <>45;8 ?>2545=8O, 2>7<>6=>, =5 O2;ONBAO ?>A;54AB28O<8 =>@<, :>B>@K5 >= E>G5B =0@CH8BL 2 H:>;5, => MB> =5?>A@54AB25==0O @50:F8O =0 MB8 =>@<K. = <>65B (8 G0AB> MB> 45;05B), ?@8A20820BL A515 ?0BB5@=K, O2;ONI85AO ?>;=>9 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>ABLN ?@8=OBK< ?@028;0<. 4=0:> =5 2>7<>6=> MB><C <0;LG8:C ?@8=OBL =5ACI5AB25==K5 ?0BB5@=K. = <>65B AB0BL ?;>E8< CG5=8:>< ?C1;8G=>9 . 5@<0=, AB@. 238-239.  ?>74=59H8E @07@01>B:0E A2>59 B5>@88 >1CG5=8O 59BA>= C:07K20; >4=0:> =0 2>7<>6=>ABL >A2>1>48BLAO >B C4CH0NI53> ">1JOB8O" A>1AB25==KE >6840=89. = AG8B0;, GB> ACI5AB2C5B C@>25=L =04 459B5@>>1CG5=85<, :>B>@K9 >= =0720; ">1CG5=85< 3". "1CG5=85 3" O2;O5BAO A>7=0B5;L=K< 8=A09B>< 2 A?>A>1 DC=:F8>=8@>20=8O 4CH8. >A;54AB285< MB>3> 8=A09B0 1C45B, A>3;0A=> 59BA>=C, ?A8E>B8G5A:0O 45:><?5=A0F8O 8;8 ?@>A25B;5=85 (A@. G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes, AB@. 395-296). > 2@5<O A5<8=0@>2 2 <0@B5 1986 3>40 6>= @8=45@ A:070; >1 MB><: "!0<K< 1>;LH8< :><?;8<5=B><, :>340-;81> ?>;CG5==K< <=>9 >B 59BA>=0, 1K;> 04@5A>20==>5 <=5 70<5G0=85, > B><, GB>  A>45@68B A@54AB20 4;O ">1CG5=8O 3" (Grinder, J., DeLozier, J. (1995). Der Reigen der Daimonen. Vorbedingungen personlichen Genies. Paderborn: Junfermann. [>@838=0;. (1987). Turtles All the Way Down. Prerequisites to Personal Genius. Bonny Boon, California: Grinder, DeLozier and Associates], AB@. 241). 56 0=3;89A:>9 H:>;K, <>65B 701>;5BL ?A8E8G5A:8, => E0@0:B5@ 53> =0@CH5=89 1C45B A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 A@02=820BLAO A =>@<0<8, :0:8< >= ?@>B82>?>AB02;O; A51O. >MB><C <K <>65< >?8A0BL 53> E0@0:B5@, CB25@640O, GB> >= A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 >?8@05BAO 2 B0:>9 65 AB5?5=8 =0 AB0=40@B=K9 E0@0:B5@ ?C1;8G=>9 H:>;K, :0: 8 E0@0:B5@ ;0B<C;>2 >4=>3> ?>;0, A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 >?8@05BAO =0 E0@0:B5@ ?@>B82>?>;>6=>3> ?>;0. %0@0:B5@ <0;LG8:0 @53C;8@C5BAO <>B820<8 8 ?0BB5@=0<8 >B=>H5=89 F0@OI8E 2 >1I5AB25, 2 :>B>@>< >= 6825B . "@048F8>==K9 0=0;87 8A:CAAB25==> @0745;O5B B0:85 :>=B5:ABK. >7=8:H89, B0:8< >1@07><, ?@>15; 2 ?>=8<0=88 4>;65= 1KBL 70?>;=5= 2=CB@5==8<8 >1JOA=ONI8<8 548=8F0<8. @8<5@>< O2;ONBAO B@8 8=AB0=F88 2 <>45;8 $@5940. 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K 7=05<, GB> $@594 2 A2>59 AB@C:BC@=>9 <>45;8 ?KB0;AO A25AB8 @07;8G=K5 ?A8E8G5A:85 B5=45=F88 : B@5< 8=AB0=F8O<. !>3;0A=> MB><C, M3> ?@54AB02;O5B B@51>20=8O @50;L=>AB8, MB> A;8B=0O A8AB5<0 DC=:F89, A;C60I8E ?>4AB@>9:5 : A@545 8 ?>A@54=8G5AB2C 8<?C;LA0< 2;5G5=8O 8 2=5H=5<C <8@0. 4 - ?>;=>ABLN =5>@30=87>20==K9 ?5@28G=K9 8AB>G=8: M=5@388 2;5G5=8O. => - ?@>B82>?>;>6=>ABL >@30=87>20==>9 8 @5H0NI59 ?@>1;5<K 8=AB0=F88 M3>. 0:>=5F, AC?5@M3> MB> AB@C:BC@0, =0E>4OI0OAO =04 M3>, A>AB>OI0O 87 AC<<K, =5>A>7=0==> ?@8=OBKE 8 70:@5?;5==KE 70?@5B>2 8 ?@028;.  <>45;OE B0:>3> B8?0 <>6=> B5>@5B8G5A:8 @0AA<0B@820BL @07;8G=K5 284K 8=B@0?A8E8G5A:8E :>=D;8:B>2, :0: :>=D;8:B <564C B@5<O 8=AB0=F8O<8. !>3;0A=> MB><C <>6=> 2K45;8BL B@8 8E B8?0: 1. -3> ?@>B82 84: M3> G0AB> >A?0@8205B 8<?C;LAK 2;5G5=8O, 70I8I0OAL ?5@54 84, =0?@8<5@, :>340 =5>1E>48<> >B40;8BL C4>2;5B2>@5=85, ?>A:>;L:C 53> =5<54;5==>5 8A?>;=5=85 A2O70=> A A>F80;L=>9 8;8 D878G5A:>9 C3@>7>9. 2. !C?5@ M3> ?@>B82 84: !C?5@M3> >1@0I05BAO ?@>B82 8<?C;LA0 2;5G5=8O 8 B0:8< >1@07>< ?@>B82 84, 8 2A;54AB285 MB>3> 2K7K205B, =0?@8<5@ =5>6840==> ?@>O2;ONICNAO 8<?>B5=F8N, ?>A:>;L:C C4>2;5B2>@5=85 =5?>A@54AB25==K< 8;8 115 Bateson, G. (1985). Moral und Nationalcharakter. In: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@. 133-155) [>@838=0;. Morale and National Character. In: G. Watson (1942). Civilian Morale. Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Second Yearbook (AB@. 71-91). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co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bl0znenie.Ru) - MB> ?@0:B8G5A:85 B@5=8=38 7=0:><AB20 8 A>1;07=5=8O 2 @50;L=KE CA;>28OE - >B ?5@2>3> 273;O40 4> 30@<>=8G=KE >B=>H5=89. -B> A?5F>1>@C4>20=85 4;O ?>4=OB8O C25@5==>AB8, 8=AB@C:B060 8 :>@@5:F88 2 3>@OG5< @568<5. -B> 8=48284C0;L=K9 ?>4E>4 8 @01>B0 4> ?>;>68B5;L=>3> @57C;LB0B0... 59BA>= 2K1@0; 8=>9 ?CBL. 0 0;8 >= =01;N40; 8 >?8A0; ?@>F5AAK 8=B5@0:F88, ?@>B5:0NI85 2 ?5@8>4 @0==53> 45BA:>3> 2>A?8B0=8O. -B> ?@825;> 53> : =>2>9 8=B5@?@5B0F88 :;0AA8G5A:8E B5>- Mentzos, S. (1984). Neurotische Konfliktverarbeitung. Einfiihrung in die psychoanalytische Neurosenlehre unter Beriicksichtigung neuer Perspektiven. Franfkurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, AB@. 120-121. =B5@5A=>, GB> B0:65 ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:>5 D>@<8@>20=85 B5>@89 =5 <>65B >1>9B8AL 157 >?8A0=8O 8=B5@0:F88. >;LH55 7=0G5=85 >4=0:> ?@8?8AK205BAO :>=D;8:B=>9 8=B5@0:F88 <564C 38?>B5B8G5A:8<8 :>=AB@C:B0<8, 0 =5 8=B5@0:F88 <564C @50;L=K<8 ;N4L<8. 117 5B0D>@8G5A:>5 ?@>O2;5=85 ?@>B82>1>@AB2CNI8E B5=45=F89 <>6=> >4=0:> 8A?>;L7>20BL =0 ?@0:B8:5. 5@;7 8 !0B8@, 2> 2@5<O @01>BK =04 87<5=5=8O<8, >E>B=> ?@8<5=O;8 MBC 8A:CAAB25==CN <>45;L. 118 G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@.126). 58 @89 >1CG5=8O. "0:8< >1@07>< >= A<>3 >1JOA=8BL :0: CA20820NBAO 8 2 :0:>9 2708<=>9 7028A8<>AB8 =0E>4OBAO AB0=40@B=K5 :C;LBC@=K5 D>@<K :>=B0:B0, A?>A>1K 2>A?@8OB8O, G5@BK E0@0:B5@0 8 A8AB5<K C15645=8O. 57 >B25B0 >4=0:> 2 40;L=59H5< >AB05BAO 2>?@>A, :0: <>6=> ?>=OB89=> >?@545;8BL MB8 =0CG=K5 4>AB865=8O. !CI5AB25==K9 ?@>3@5AA 745AL 2=5A;> @0728B85 :815@=5B8G5A:>9 <KA;8.  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[...] 0?@8<5@, ?0F85=B ?@8E>- GB> 8E AB@0E8 G0AB> CA8;820;8AL ?@8 2>72@0I5=88 2 A5<LN. A;8 4065 8E A>AB>O=85 =5 CEC4H8;>AL, B> 4@C385 G;5=K A5<L8 =0G8=0;8 1>;5BL, 25AB8 A51O :0: ?@5ABC?=8:8 8 B><C ?>4>1=>5. 1I0O A8BC0F8O A5<L8 >AB020;0AL B0:8< >1@07><, 2 40;L=59H5< BO6Q;>9. 65:A>=C, 2 B0:8E A;CG0OE, :070;>AL, GB> G0I5 2A53> 2A5 G;5=K A5<L8, >B:@KB> 8;8 A:@KB>, ?><>30;8 C45@60BL ?0B>;>38G5A:>5 @02=>25A85 2 A5<L5. 134 59BA>= 8 C5H C65 2 Communication: The Social Matryx of Psychiatry >1@0B8;8 2=8<0=85, =0 B>, GB> =0 A<KA; 2KA:07K20=89 2;8ONB B0:65 A8BC0F8>==K5 :>=B5:ABK (<5AB> @01>BK, >?5@0, A0C=0, 2@0G51=K9 :018=5B, G0AB=0O :20@B8@0...) 8 >1I5AB25==K5 :>=B5:ABK (@>;8 CG0AB2CNI8E 2 ?@>F5AA5 :><<C=8:0F88, >B=>H5=8O 2 :0:8E >=8 =0E>4OBAO...). >MB><C 2 8AA;54>20=8OE :><<C=8:0F88 =5>1E>48<> 2A5340 CG8BK20BL @0<:8 8=B5@0:F88 (A@. B0< 65, AB@. 23-29). 135 !@ Bateson, G. (1985). Eine Theorie des Spiels und der Phantasie. IN: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@. 241-261) [>@838=0; A Theory of Play and Phantasy; A Report on Theoretical Aspects of the Project for Study of the Role of Paradoxes of Abstracion in Communication. In: (1955). Approaches to the Study of Human Personality. American Psychiatric Association. Psychiatric Research Reports, nr 2], AB@. 254-255. !@02=8B5 G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@.272). 65 48B 2 1>;L=8G=CN AB>;>2CN 8 452CH:0 70 ?@8;02:>< A?@0H8205B: "'5< O <>3C 20< ?><>GL?". 0F85=B =5 C25@5=, : :0:><C 284C 8=D>@<0F88 >B=5AB8 B0:>9 2>?@>A: O2;O5BAO ;8 MB0 :><<C=8:0F8O ;>2CH:>9 8;8 MB> C:070=85 =0 B>, GB> >=0 E>G5B A =8< ?5@5A?0BL? ;8 65 MB> 1K;> ?@54;>65=85 G0H5G:8 :>D5? = A;KH8B A;>20 8 =5 7=05B, :0: 8E ?>=8<0BL. = =5 A?>A>15= ?>=OBL 01AB@0:B=K5 D>@<C;8@>2:8, :>B>@K5 1>;LH8=AB2> 87 =0A ?@8<5=ONB 5654=52=>. K >4=0:> =5 A?>A>1=K ?@>G5ABL 8E A<KA; B0:, GB>1K >A>7=0BL >B:C40 =0< 8725AB=> > :0:>< 2845 :><<C=8:0F88 845B @5GL. "> 5ABL, :0: 5A;8 1K <K ?@>AB> 25@=> C304K20;8. 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MB>< A>1KB88 8=B5@5A=K< O2;O5BAO =5 B>, GB> 55 A;>20 3>2>@8;8 > :0AB@0F88, 0 B>, GB> O >:070;AO 2 ?>;>65=88, 345 <=5 ?@8H;>AL >1JOA=OBLAO, E>BO ?>2>40 : MB><C =5 1K;>. -B> 7=0G8B, GB> >=0 C;>28;0 <>8 A;>20, C?>@O4>G82 8E ?> A2>5<C. =0 87<5=8;0 MB8:5B:C, >?@545;ONICN B8? :><<C=8:0F88 8 O 4C<0N, GB> MB> >=0 Bateson, G. (1985). Epidemiologie einer Schizophrenie. In: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@. 262-269) >@838=0; (1955). How the Deviant Sees His Society. In: The Epidemiology of Mental Health /Mimeographed/ (AB@. 25-31)], AB@. 262-268. 66 45;05B ?>AB>O==>. =0 157 CAB0;8 ?@8=8<05B 273;O4K 4@C38E ;N459 8 >B25G05B =0 =8E, :0: 5A;8-1K >=8 1K;8 8;8 ?@>O2;5=85< A;01>AB8 A> AB>@>=K 3>2>@OI53>, 8;8 =0?04:0<8 =0 =55, :>B>@K5 =5>1E>48<> >1@0B8BL 2> 2@54 A>15A54=8:C"138. 59BA>= 70<5B8;, GB> <=>3>;5B=85 8=B5@0:F88 B0:>3> B8?0 <>3CB 2K720BL =5A?>A>1=>ABL ?0F85=B0 : ?@028;L=><C ?>=8<0=8N <5B0-:><C=8:0F8>==KE @0<>:139.  >?C1;8:>20==>9 2 1956 3>4C AB0BL5, Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia ( B5>@88 H87>D@5=88), B0:>3> B8?0 ?0BB5@=K 8=B5@0:F88 1K;8 2?5@2K5 D>@<0;L=> >?8A0=K ?>4 =0720=85< 42>9=>9 A2O7:8, :0: H87>D@5=>35==K5 :>=B5:ABK >1CG5=8O. 59BA>=, %59;8 8 #8:;5=4 ?@54AB028;8 8E >1@07=>: ">;>4>3> <C6G8=C, :>B>@K9 B>;L:> GB> ?@8H5; 2 A51O ?>A;5 BO65;>3> ?@8ABC?0 H87>D@5=88, ?>A5B8;0 2 1>;L=8F5 53> <0BL. = >1@04>20;AO 55 2878BC 8 8<?C;LA82=> >1=O; 55 @C:>9, >BG53> >=0 >:0<5=5;0. = C1@0; A2>N @C:C, 0 <0BL A?@>A8;0: ""K <5=O 1>;LH5 =5 ;N18HL?" C6G8=0 ?>:@0A=5;, 0 >=0 A:070;0: ">@>3>9, BK =5 4>;65= B0: ;53:> @0AAB@0820BLAO 8 1>OBLAO A>1AB25==KE GC2AB2". >A;5 MB>3> ?@>8AH5AB28O ?0F85=B =5 1K; 2 A>AB>O=88 >AB0BLAO A =59 1>;55 G5< =0 =5A:>;L:> <8=CB 8 ?>A;5 55 CE>40 =0?0; =0 0AA8AB5=B0 8 1K; 70?5@B 2 20==>9"140. @>0=0;878@C5< MBC 8=B5@5A=CN AF5=C 5I5 @07 2 <54;5==>< B5<?5. 0F85=B >1@04>20;AO 2878BC <0B5@8. !2>8 GC2AB20 >= 2K@0605B A?>=B0==K<, =525@10;L=K< 65AB><, >1JOB85<. 0BL 2K3;O48B >:0<5=52H59. "0:0O =525@10;L=0O @50:F8O ?>:07K205B 2A5<, GB> >=0 @5H8B5;L=> =5 GC2AB2C5B A51O E>@>H> >B B0:>9 M<>F8>=0;L=>9 1;87>AB8 A AK=><. 525@10;L=0O @50:F8O AK=0 01A>;NB=> A>>B25BAB25==0. !K= >BAB@0=O5BAO >B <0B5@8. "5?5@L =0ABC?05B 25@10;L=K9 :><<5=B0@89 <0B5@8. =0 70405B @8B>@8G5A:89 2>?@>A: ""K <5=O 1>;LH5 =5 ;N18HL?" !K= 25@=> @5038@C5B =0 MB>B 2>?@>A, ?>A:>;L:C <0BL 25@10;L=> >B@8F05B A2>N =525@10;L=CN G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@. 267-268). KA;L, :>B>@0O 1K;0 >A=>2>9 @01>BK 3@C??K 0;> ;LB>, 1K;0 B0: 65 ?@>AB0 8 OA=0. 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"0:65 8;LO< $. $@09 8 6C;LA 8A:8= 2A:>@5 ?>:8=C;8 8=AB8BCB. !@02=8B5 . 0@:, . 8:0@4, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 18-19. !@02=8B5. . . 59BA>=, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 198-199. 71 "5?5@L DC=:F88 C?@02;5=8O MRI ?5@5H;8 : 0F;028:C.  8=AB8BCB5 C65 @01>B0;8 4@C385 8AA;54>20B5;8150. <5==> >=8 2<5AB5 A 65=5B X. 828= 8 >=>< . 65:A>=>< >?C1;8:>20;8 >A=>2>?>;030NICN @01>BC B5>@88 :><<C=8:0F88 Pragmatics of Human Communications. A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes (@03<0B8:0 G5;>25G5A:>9 :><<C=8:0F88. 7CG5=85 ?0BB5@=>2 8=B5@0:F88, ?0B>;>388 8 ?0@04>:A>2)151. A:>@5 ?>A;5 2KE>40 MB>9 :=838, 65:A>= ?>:>=G8; 687=L A0<>C189AB2><. =830 ?@>1C48;0 8=B5@5A <=>38E B5@0?52B>2, ?@0:B8:CNI8E ?A8E>B5@0?8N =0 A8AB5<=>-B5>@5B8G5A:>9 >A=>25. ?5@2K5 273;O4K 3@C??K 0;> ;L-B> 1K;8 A8AB5<0B878@>20=K 8 1K;> 87;>65=> 8E 7=0G5=85 4;O B5>@88 8 ?@0:B8:8 ?A8E>B5@0?88. >;LH8=AB2> 87 =8E ?C1;8:>20;>AL 4> MB>3> 2 D>@<5 ;5:F89 8;8 AB0B59 2 6C@=0;0E. "5?5@L =>2K5 :>=F5?F88 ?@54AB0;8 ?5@54 H8@>:>9 ?C1;8:>9. 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Menschliche Problems und Familientherapie. Forschungen des Mental Research Institute 1965-1974. Munchen Zurich: Verlag R. Piper [>@838=0; (1977). The Interactional View. Studies at the Mental Research Institute, Palo Alto, 1965-1974. New York: W. In: Norton & Company]. . 0F;028:, 6. 828=, . 65:A>=, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0. 1 !@02=8B5 . 0@:, . 8:0@4, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 19-20. 153 Watzlawick, P., Weakland, J. (@540:F8O) (1990). Interaktion. Menschliche Problems und Familientherapie. Forschungen des Mental Research Institute 1965-1974. Munchen Zurich: 72 57C;LB0BK 8AA;54>20B5;LA:8E @01>B 1K;8 >?C1;8:>20=K 2 1974 3>4C 0F;028:><, #8:;5=4>< 8 $8H5<, ?>4 B8BC;>< Change. 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[...] > 2A5E MB8E >?8A0=8OE 701K20NB > A;>6=>< E0@0:B5@5 :><<C=8:0F8>==KE <>4C;OF89. -B8 <>4C;OF88 A>740NB <C7K:C"155. Verlag R. Piper [>@83. (1977). The Interactional View. Studies at the Mental Research Institute, Palo Alto, 1965-1974. New York: W. In: Norton & Company], AB@. 12. 154 - "0< 65 155 Bateson, G. (1985). Die Gruppendynamik der Schizophrenie. In: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes (AB@. 302-320) [>@838=0; (1960). The Group Dynamics of Schizophrenia. In: L Appleby, J. M. Scher, J. Gumming (@540:F8O). Chronic Schizophrenia: Explorations in Theory and Treatment (AB@. 90-105). Glencoe,: Free Press London: Collier-Macmillan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M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ >?8A0;8 =0G0;> A2>8E ?@>5:B>2 B0:: " A>2@5<5==>9 ?A8E80B@88 ?>O28;>AL =5A:>;L:> E0@87<0B8G5A:8E <53072574. -B8 ;N48 2K?>;=O;8 7040=8O :;8=8G5A:>9 ?A8E>;>388 A C4828B5;L=>9 ;53:>ABLN, A ?><>ILN <038G5A:8E B5@0?52B8G5A:8E AB@0B5389. =8 >B?@02;O;8AL 23;C1L AB@040=8O, 1>;8 8 A<5@B8, >1@0I0O 157=0456=>ABL 2 @04>ABL 687=8, 4020O =>2CN =04564C. 5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> B5>@88, =0 :>B>@K5 >=8 >?8@0;8AL 2K?>;=OO MB8 7040=8O, :070;8AL B0:8<8 @07=>@>4=K<8 8 @07;8G=K<8 :0: 45=L 8 =>GL, 2A5 B0:8 8E GB>-B> >1J548=O;>, =5GB> >1I55 2 A2>5< @>45, 25;8:>;5?=>5 8 <>I=>5. [...] 156 . 59BA>=, ABC?;5=85 2: Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1981a). Metasprache und Psycho-therapie. Strukturder Magie I, AB@ 13-14. !@02=8B5 6. @8BF, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85, AB@. 236-241. 75 B@8F0BL MB8 A?>A>1=>AB8 8;8 =0720BL 8E ?@>AB> B0;0=B><, 8=BC8F859 8;8 35=80;L=>ABLN, >7=0G05B >3@0=8G8BL A>1AB25==K9 ?>B5=F80; ;8G=>AB8, ?><>30NI59 ;N4O<. 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A0<>3> =0G0;0 >=8 ACI5AB2>20;8 ;8HL :0: <5B0D>@K, >B2;5:0NI85 2=8<0=85 >B B>3>, GB> 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 ?@>8AE>48;> 2> 2@5<O B5@0?52B8G5A:>3> ?@>F5AA0 <564C :;85=B>< 8 B5@0?52B><.  ?@>F5AA5, @0A?@>AB@0=5=8O , =0?><8=0NI53> 27@K2, 2>7=8:;0 ?@8=F8?80;L=0O ?@>1;5<0, ?>A:>;L:C M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ 2 A2>59 @01>B5 4>?CAB8;8 DC=40<5=B0;L=CN >H81:C A>2@5<5==>9 =0C:8, 87>;8@>202 B5E=8G5A:85 A?>A>1=>AB8 87 4CE>2=>3> :>=B5:AB0, 2 :>B>@>< >=8 2>7=8:;8. -B> >?8@05BAO =0 B>B ?@8=F8?, GB> B5E=8:0 8<55B =59B@0;L=K9 E0@0:B5@. >?@>AK > F5;OE, MB8:5 8 >B25BAB25==>AB8, :>B>@K5 2A5340 2>7=8:0NB 2 A2O78 A <03859, >AB0NBAO Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1981a). Metasprache und Psychotherapie. Struktur der Maqie I AB@. 25-26. 159 P. M=4;5@, 6. @8=45@ "7 ;O3CH5: 2 ?@8=F5AAK", AB@. 8. 76 >4=0:> 157 >B25B0. ?0A=>ABL 7;>C?>B@51;5=8O, B0:8< >1@07><, AB0=>28BAO B0:>9 2KA>:>9, :0: 8 ?>B5=F80;L=0O ?>;L70, >68405<0O >B . #65 2 1981 3>4C "8A (B0;L 8 %8;5@8>= 5BF>;L4 >1@0B8;8 2=8<0=85 =0 MB> =5A>>B25BAB285. 57 A><=5=89, 8A:;NG5=85 MB8:>-4CE>2=>3> D>=0 @01>B 5@;70, !0B8@ 8 -@8:A>=0 AB0;> >4=>9 87 ?@8G8= 1>;LH53> ?>=8<0=8O 8 ?@87=0=8O B5E=8: . 4=0:> >B:07 >B 4CE>2=KE F5==>AB59, 0 B0:65 A>45@60I53>AO 2 @01>B5 MB8E B5@0?52B>2 >1@070 G5;>25:0 8 <8@0, =5A5B A A>1>9 >?0A=>ABL B>3>, GB> MB8 =5>1K:=>25==> CA?5H=K5 B5@0?52B8G5A:85 8=AB@C<5=BK 1C4CB 8A?>;L7>20=K =5:><?5B5=B=K<8 ;N4L<8, 65;0NI8<8 A:@KBL A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 =54>AB0B:8 70 DC=:F8>=0;L=K< CA?5E><. @><5 B>3>, 1>;55 G5< :>340 ;81>, 2 :>=B5:AB5  2>7=8:05B 2>?@>A > F5;8 B5@0?52B>2 8 708=B5@5A>20==KE >1I5AB25==KE 3@C??, AB>OI8E 70 =8- 8@468=8O !0B8@, 2 8=B5@2LN 5AC .@35=AC 8 "8AC (B0;L, B0:65 2KABC?8;0 70 A>740=85 @0<>: AB@0B5388 , " [...] :>B>@K5 D>@<8@>20;8AL 1K GC2AB20<8 8 ;N1>2LN. >@O4>G=K5 ;N48, @01>B0NI85 =04  [...], 3>2>@OB > 3C<0==>AB8 (humaness). / 4C<0N, GB> 8<5==> MB> 206=>, ?>A:>;L:C [...] MB> 8AE>48B 87 <>59 @01>BK, :>B>@CN ?5@5?>;=O;8 ;N1>2L 8 701>B0.  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MB>< :>=B5:AB5 <K B0:65 709<5<AO ?@>1;5<0<8 ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:8E B5E=8: ?5G5=8O 8 2A5 1>;55 G0ABK< 70<5I5=85< 8E M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K<8 8 =0?@02;5==K<8 =0 >?KB, <5B>48:0<8 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88. @><5 MB>3> <K >?8H5< >A=>2=K5 273;O4K 5@;70 =0 B5>@8N 8 ?@0:B8:C ?A8E>B5@0?88. >482H89AO 2 5@<0=88 ?A8E80B@ 8 ?A8E>0=0;8B8: $@84@8E !>;><>= ("$@8F") 5@;7 1K; >4=>9 87 A0<KE 2K40NI8EAO ;8G=>AB59 ?A8E>;>388 3C<0=87<0. @8=8<0O 70 >A=>2C ?A8E>0=0;87 $@5940, A A>@>:>2KE 3>4>2 >= 70=8<0;AO @0728B85< =>2>9, >?8@0NI59AO =0 M:A?5@8<5=B 8 >?KB :>=F5?F88 ?A8E>B5@0?88, :>B>@0O ?>;CG8;0 2 <8@5 8725AB=>ABL ?>4 8<5=5< 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88. B<5G5==>5 6>=>< >25;>< 2 53> A Complete Guide to Therapy. From Psychoanalysis to Behavior Modification ( C:>2>4AB2> ?> B5@0?88. B ?A8E>0=0;870 4> <>48D8:0F88 ?>2545=8O) ?5@5;><=>5 7=0G5=85 B5>@88 35HB0;LB A>AB>O;> 2 B><, "[...] GB> (35HB0;LB-B5@0?8O) 4>1@0;0AL 4> =525@10;L=>3> >?KB0. 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Franfkurt am Main: Verlag fur Humanistische Psychologic Werner Flach KG [>@83. (1969). In and Out the Garbage Pail. Lafayette: Real People Press]. @54AB02;5=85 ?>AB5?5==>3> @0728B8O B5>@88 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88, >?8@05BAO =0 @5:>=AB@C:F8N, @07@01>B0==CN $@0=:>< . (B05<<;5@><, . @>E><. Staemmler, F. M., Brock, W. (1987). Neuentwurf der Gestalttherapie. Ganzheitliche Veranderung im therapeutischen Prozefi. Munchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer. 0: 4>?>;=5=85 1C45B ?@82545=> 8=B5@2LN, ?@>254Q==>5 A $@8F5< 5@;7>< 2 1966 3>4C, 659<A>< !8<:8=K< 2 =AB8BCB5 -A0;5=, Simkin, J. (1980). Ein Interview mit Dr. Friedrich Perls (1966). In: F. S. Perls. Gestalt. Wachstum. Integration: Aufsdtze, Vortrdge, Therapiesitzung (AB@. 17-26). ?@545;Q==0O 8=D>@<0F8O 27OB0 87 AB0BL8 Hartmann-Kottek-Schroeder, L. (1983). Gestalttherapie. In: R. J. 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Verworfenes und Wiedergefundenes aus meiner Mulltone. Franfkurt am Main: Verlag fur Humanistische Psychologic Werner Flach KG [>@83. (1969). In and Out the Garbage Pail. Lafayette: Real People Press]. 170 >@0 >7=5@ ?@>8AE>48;0 87 1>30B>3> <5I0=A:>3> :C?5G5A:>3> 4><0 87 D>@FE09<.  <><5=B 2AB@5G8 A 5@;7><, >=0 C65 420 3>40 ?@>CG8;0AL C >;4HB59=0. >74=55 >=0 45;0;0 4>:B>@A:CN C :>;;538 >;4HB59=0 4E5<0@0 5;L10 ?> 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88. =0 ?@54AB028;0 @01>BC > 287C0;L=>< 2>A?@8OB88. 0;55 >=0 ?@>H;0 ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:>5 >1CG5=85 C ;0@K %0??5;L 8 0@;0 0=40C5@0. 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reud, Z. (1975). Zur Psychotherapie der Hysterie. In: Z. Freud. Studienausgabe. Ergan-zungsband. Schriften zur Behandlungstechnik Frankfurt: S. Fischer Verlag, AB@. 62-63. -B0 :@09=OO ?@>F54C@0 =5 1K;0 E0@0:B5@=0 ;8HL 4;O @0==8E ;5B @01>BK $@5940.  >4=>< 87 B5:AB>2 1913 3>40 >= ?8H5B: "=>340 2AB@5G0NBAO ?0F85=BK, :0:85 A2>N :C@0F8N =0G8=0NB =530B82=K< ?>4E>4><, O:>1K 8< =8G53> =5 ?@8E>48B 2 3>;>2C. [...] =8 C15640NB A51O, A G5< 8<5NB 45;> 2 ?>4>1=KE A;CG0OE. "0:8< >1@07><, ?@5645 2A53> =0G8=0NB A>?@>B82;OBLAO, 70I8I0O =52@>7. "0:>9 2K7>2 A59G0A 65 ?@8=8<05B 0=0;8B8:, ?@>2>4O 402;5=85 =0 ?0F85=B0. 0AB>OB5;L=> ?>2B>@O5<>5 C25@5=85, GB> B0:>3> B8?0 >BACBAB285 2>A?><8=0=89 2 A0<>< =0G0;5 =52>7<>6=> 8 GB> ?@8G8=0 MB>3> A>?@>B82;5=85 ?> >B=>H5=8N : 0=0;87C, 2A:>@5 70AB02;O5B ?0F85=B0 45;0BL ?@87=0=8O. [...]. = 7;8BAO :>340 5<C ?@8E>48BAO ?@87=0BLAO, GB> 2> 2@5<O 7=0:><AB20 A >A=>2=K<8 ?@028;0<8 ;5G5=8O, 2K@01>B0; B0:B8:C, :>340 :>5-GB> >AB028B 4;O A51O. 5 ?;>E> 5A;8 >= ;8HL 8=D>@<8@C5B, :0:>2> 53> =54>25@85 : 0=0;87C 8;8 :0:85 C60A=K5 25I8 >= A;KH0; > =Q<" (Freud, Z. (1975). Zur Einleitung der Behandlung. Weitere Ratschldge zur Technik der Psychoanalyse I (1913). In: Z. Freud. Studienausgabe. Erganzungsband. Schriften zur Behandlungstechnik Frankfurt: S. Fischer Verlag. 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A;54AB285 MB>3>, ?@54<5B>< 8=B5@?@5B0F88 A>?@>B82;5=8O >= B0:65 A45;0; =525@10;L=K5 D>@<K 2K@065=8O. @8 G5<, 2A5 G0I5 >= 70AB02;O; A2>8E :;85=B>2 :>=D@>=B8@>20BL A 8=B5@?@5B0F859 8E ?>2545=8O. @C38<8 A;>20<8: >= A0< A59G0A C?@02;O; ?@>F5AA>< 0=0;870, 2<5AB> B>3> GB>1K - :0: MB> 1K;> @0=LH5 - @07@5H0BL AB@>8BL :;85=B0< F5?8 A2>1>4=KE 0AA>F80F89 . >=F5=B@0F8O =0 E0@0:B5@=KE D>@<0E A>?@>B82;5=8O :;85=B>2, ?@825;0 09E0 A 3>40<8 : =>2>9 8455 - DC=:F8>=0;L=><C B>645AB2C B5;5A=>AB8 8 4CE>2=>AB8. = >B:@K;, GB> AB@C:BC@K E0@0:B5@0 >1J548=ONBAO A B8?8G=K< ?0BB5@=>< E@>=8G5A:>3> <KH5G=>3> =0?@O65=8O ("E0@0:B5@>;>38G5A:89 ?0=F8@L"). -B> >B:@KB85 40;> 4>@>3C, ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 @52>;NF8>==><C ?>4E>4C : ;5G5=8N ?A8E8G5A:8E 701>;520=89. 09E =0G0; B5?5@L =5?>A@54AB25==> @0- @82545==0O 745AL ?@575=B0F8O 7=0G5=8O 09E0 4;O ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:>9 B5E=8:8 ;5G5=8O, >?8@05BAO =0 :=835 Boadella, D. (1983). Wilhelm Reich. Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag [oryg. Wilhelm Reich. The Evolution of His Work], AB@. 37-62. 8<>9 1928-1929 09E @07@01>B0; A2>8 70<5G0=8O ?8AL<5==> 8 @0728; =0 8E >A=>25 =>2CN D>@<C 0=0;8B8G5A:>3> ;5G5=8O.  <0@B5 1933 3>40 >= ?@54AB028; A2>8 8458 2 :=835 Charakteranalyse (O ?>;L7CNAL 8740=85<: Reich, W. (1973). Charakteranalyse. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag.) 88 1>B0BL A B5;><, 4;O B>3> GB>1K >A2>1>48BL ?>402;5==K5 GC2AB20 8 2K@01>B0; B5E=8:C, :>B>@CN >= =0720; 2535B>B5@0?859. 5@5E>4 : B5@0?88 :>=F5=B@0F88 5A=>9 1932 3>40 5@;7 AB0; :;85=B>< 09E0. =0;87 E0@0:B5@0 8 =0G0;> 2535B>B5@0?88 >= ?>GC2AB2>20; =0 A2>5< B5;5. >A;5 >?KB0 A %0@=8:><, >= 1K; >G5=L 4>2>;5= MB>9 B5@0?859. >GB8 A>@>: ;5B A?CABO >= =0?8H5B: " 09E 1K; 1C=B0@5<, ?>;=K< A8; 8 687=8. = 1K; 3>B>2 >1AC48BL ;N1CN A8BC0F8N, ?@5645 2A53> ?>;8B8G5A:CN 8 A5:AC0;L=CN, => =5A<>B@O =0 MB> 0=0;878@>20; 8 8=AF5=878@>-20; >1KG=K5 83@K 2>7=8:=>25=8O - ?>8A:0. 4=>2@5<5==> >4=0:>, >B =53> CA:>;L70;0 206=>ABL D0:B>2. 0 ?5@2>< ?;0=5 =0E>48;AO 8=B5@5A : ?>78F88 :;85=B0. 3> :=830 Charakteranalyse 2 MB>< A<KA;5 1>;LH>9 H03 2?5@54, 2 B5@0?88176." >A;5 B>3>, :0: : 2;0AB8 ?@8H;8 =0F8ABK, 5@;7C ?@8H;>AL ?>:8=CBL 5@<0=8N. >A:>;L:C >= 1K; 52@55< 8 ?A8E>0=0;8B8:><, 53> D0<8;8O ?>?0;0 2 G5@=K5 A?8A:8. =0G0;5 >= 2K5E0; 2 <AB5@40<. 5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 A?CABO : =5<C ?@8A>548=8;0AL 65=0 A <0;5=L:>9 4>G:>9, 5=0B>9. 7-70 >BACBAB28O A@54AB2 : 687=8 8 @07@5H5=8O =0 @01>BC 8< ?@8E>48;>AL ?>;L7>20BLAO ?><>ILN >1I5AB25==>9 >?5:8.  1934 3>4C A8BC0F8O 87<5=8;0AL <>;=85=>A=>. -@=5AB 6>=A, 1;87:89 4@C3 8 18>3@0D $@5940, ?>445@6820; ?@5A;54C5<KE 52@59A:8E 0=0;8B8:>2. 5@;7 ?>;CG8; >B =53> ?@54;>65=85 2K5E0BL 2 .6=CN D@8:C 2 :0G5AB25 CG8B5;O 0=0;870. >A:>;L:C >= C65 ?@54GC2AB2>20; @07<0E ?@81;860NI59AO :0B0AB@>DK, B> 2>A?>;L7>20;AO A;CG05< 1560BL, 87 =0E>4OI53>AO 2 157=0456=>9 A8BC0F88 <AB5@40<0. <5AB5 A A5<L59 >= ?>:8=C; 2@>?C 8 >A=>20; 2 >E0==5A1C@35 Institute for Psychoanalysis. A:>@5 ?>A;5 MB>3> C =53> @>48;AO AK=, !B82. @8<5@=> G5@57 3>4 ?>A;5 ?@81KB8O 2 .6=CN D@8:C, A5<LO ?5@55E0;0 2 M:A:;N782=K9 @09>= >E0==5A1C@30. "0< >=8 ?>AB@>8;8 ?5@2K9 4>< 2 AB8;5 0CE0CA0. =8 AB0;8 4>1820BLAO ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=KE CA?5E>2. A:>@5 >=8 AB0;8 25AB8 687=L =0 C@>2=5 <5AB=KE 1>30BKE <5I0=, >@B>4>:A0;L=KE 0=0;8B8:>2. ! ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, >=8 1K;8 ?@54>AB02;5=K A0<8 A515. -B> ?>72>;8;>, ?>A;5 <=>3>;5B=53> :>=B@>;8@>20==>3> >1@07>20=8O, A>25@H5=AB2>20BL A>1AB25==K5 8458. 1936 3>4 ?@8=5A 420 A>1KB8O, @5H0NI8< >1@07>< ?>2;8O2H85 =0 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>5 @0728B85 5@;70: =530B82=K9 ?@85< =0 Peris, F. S. (1981). Gestalt-Wahrnehmung. 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K <0=8?C;8@C5< 15A?><>I=>ABLN, ?@8B2>@OOAL 3;C?K<8, 704020O <=>65AB2> 2>?@>A>2, ?>4;87K20OAL 8 @0AAK?0O :><- 90  B5G5=88 A;54CNI8E ;5B, 5@;7 8 53> 65=0, 2> 2A5 1>;LH59 AB5?5=8, >A2>1>640;8AL >B AC@>2KE ?@028; ?>2545=8O, A2>9AB25==KE >@B>4>:A0;L=><C ?A8E>0=0;87C. >@0 5@;7, ?5@20O >B2068;0AL 70=OBL <5AB> =0?@>B82 :;85=B0. 0:>=5F 1K;8 @07@CH5=K A;54CNI85 B01C - >1O70B5;L=>5 A>1;N45=85 50 <8=CB B5@0?52B8G5A:>9 2AB@5G8, 871530=85 287C0;L=>3> 8 B5;5A=>3> :>=B0:B0, 0 B0:65 70?@5B =0 ;8G=K5 :>=B0:BK A :;85=B0<8. ! B5E=8G5A:>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, =0 ?5@2K9 ?;0= 2A5 1>;LH5 2K42830;8AL M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K5 <5B>4K. ;O 5@;70 MB> 2@5<O 1K;> D07>9 ;8G=>3> :@878A0, :>B>@K9 ?@825; 53> : =>2>9 D8;>A>DA:>9, =0CG=>-B5>@5B8G5A:>9 8 ?@0:B8G5A:>9 >@85=B0F88.  1940 3>4C >= =0?8A0; @C:>?8AL, >?C1;8:>20==CN 420 3>40 A?CABO, ?>4 B8BC;>< Ego, Hunger and Agression (-3>, 3>;>4 8 03@5AA8O). !2>N @01>BC >= >?@545;8;, :0: ?5@5A<>B@ ?A8E>0=0;870179. ;02=>9 B5<>9 MB>3> B5:AB0 1K;> 70<5I5=85 0AA>F80B82=>-?A8E>;>38G5A:>3> 8 <5E0=8AB8G5A:>3> <KH;5=8O $@5940 >@30=87<8-G5A:8< 273;O4><, 708<AB2>20==K< C >;4HB59=0. @><5 B>3>, 5@;7 2?5@2K5 : A2>8< 845O< 4>1028; :>=F5?F88 35HB0;LB-?A8E>;>388. @8 MB>< >= ?@8H5; : C15645=8N, GB> >A=>2=>9 G5@B>9 =52@>70 O2;O5BAO 871530=85 C4>2;5B2>@5=8O 8 ?>B@51=>AB59 >@30=87<0180. >@0 5@;7, B0: >?8AK205B 7=0G5=85 MB>9 :=838: 0;8<5=BK" (Perls, F. S. (1980). Gestalt, Wachstum, Integration: Aufsatze, Vortrage, Therapi-esitzungen. Paderborn, Junfermann, AB@. 93-94). !>3;0A=> 5@;7C, 2> 27@>A;>< 2>7@0AB5, B0:>3> B8?0 83@K A;C60B, ?@5645 2A53> >B2;5G5=8N 2=8<0=8O >B 3;02=>9 G5@BK =52@>B8:0 - >B@8F0=8O 4>7@520=8O, 27@>A;>AB8, =565;0=8O ?@8=OBL >B25BAB25==>ABL 8 1KBL =57028A8<K<.  MB>< :>=B5:AB5, >= B0:65 AD>@<C;8@>20; =081>;55 :@8B8G5A:85 70<5G0=8O, >B=>A8B5;L=> ?A8E>0=0;870: " A>60;5=8N ?A8E>0=0;87 C:@5?;O5B GC2AB2> 45BA:>AB8 8 7028A8<>AB8. ! >4=>9 AB>@>=K, >= 45;05B MB> 87 ?@8=F8?0, GB> ?0F85=B O2;O5BAO @51Q=:>< 8 GB> 2AQ 4>;6=> 1KBL A2O70=> A >1@07>< >BF0, 45BA:>9 B@02<>9 8;8 65 A ?5@5=>A><. ! 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, 87-70 B>3>, GB> ?A8E>0=0;8B8: 2A5340 ?>445@68205B :;85=B0 872=5, 2 D>@<5 8=B5;;5:BC0;L=KE 8=B5@?@5B0F89 :0:: / 7=0N, GB> 2K 3;C?K 8 =57@5;K. / 7=0N, GB> 2K 45;05B5. / 7=0N 1>;LH5 20A. AQ >1JOA=N (Perls, F. S. (1980). Gestalt, Wachstum, Integration: Aufsatze, Vortrage, Therapiesitzungen. Paderborn, Junfermann, AB@. 94). 5@;7 >B@8F0; B0:>9 ?>4E>4.  A2>8E :;85=B0E >= =5 2845; 65@B2 ?A8E8G5A:>9 1>;57=8. 0>1>@>B >= A45;0; 8E ?>;=>ABLN >B25BAB25==K<8 70 A2>Q ?>2545=85 8 >ICI5=8O, ?>445@6820O 8E 2 ?@>F5AA5 A=OB8O <0A>:. 179 Perls, F. S. (1978). Das Ich, der Hunger und die Aggression. Stuttgart: Klett Verlag [>@838=0; (1942). Ego, Hunger and Aggression. Johannesburg]. 180  AB0BL5 1948 3>40, 5@;7 ?>445@60; MB> CB25@645=85 AF5=0@85<, :0:>9 :0: >= 25@8;, <5B:> ?>:07K20; 48;5<<C F828;87>20==>3> G5;>25:0. <5AB5 A @0728B85< :>@K <>730 682>B=>5, A>3;0A=> 5@;7C, 2=0G0;5 ?>;CG8;> 2>7<>6=>ABL ?>402;OBL A2>Q 8=AB8=:B82=>5 ?>2545=85 8 A?>=B0==K5 @50:F89 =0 @074@068B5;8 A@54K. ! B>G:8 7@5=8O M2>;NF88, MB> 1K;0 ?>;L70 - @0==89 >?KB <>3 1KBL CGBQ= 2> 2@5<O 459AB28O. -B> ?@825;> : A>740=8N 8=AB@C<5=B>2 8 A?>A>1=>AB8 : >14C<0==K< 459AB28O<. 10 MB8 4>AB865=8O ?><>30;8 G5;>25:C 2 AB@5<;5=88 : C4>2;5B2>@5=8N =C64 >@30=87<0. ! ?>O2;5=85< >1I5AB20 =0ABC?8;> 40;L=59H55 @0728B85. K6820=85 1>;LH8=AB20 AB0;> 1>;55 206=K< G5< 2K6820=85 >4=>3> G5;>25:0. ;02=K< >1@07>< @0AAC645=8O, :0:85 2=0G0;5 A;C68;8 C:@5?;5=8N 8=AB8=:B82=>3> ?>2545=8O, B5?5@L 4>;6=K 1K;8 A;C68BL 53> ?>4G8=5=8N. =AB8=:BK 1K;8 >B>1@0=K 2 D>@<0E, A>3;0A=KE A >1I5AB25==K< 8=B5@5A><, >4=0:> 157 8E ?>@8F0=8O 8 C=8GB>65=8O :0: =530B82=KE. -B> ?@>87>H;> ;8HL 2 B5G5=88 2>7=8:=>25=8O A>7=0=8O "O" 8 >B:@KB8O "4CE0" D8;>A>D0<8 3@5G5A:>9 0=B8G=>AB8. '5;>25: AB0; A>7=020BL A51O :0: ?@54<5B 8 @0728; 01AB@0:B=>5 <KH;5=85. ! E@8AB80=A:8< <KH;5=85<, > B>< GB> 3@5H8BL <>6=> B0:65 2 <KA;OE, 2>7=8:;0, A>3;0A=> 5@;7C, ?@>?0ABL <564C 4CH>9 8 ?@8@>4>9. 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B;8G8B5;L=K< M;5<5=B>< 53> B5E=8:8 1K;> C45@60=85 2=8<0=8O ?0F85=B0 =0 >?8A0=88 0:BC0;L=KE ?@>O2;5=89 A8<?B><0. = AG8B0;, GB> =52@>B8G5A:85 C:;>=5=8O <>3CB 1KBL =5?>A@54AB25==> 8A:;NG5=K, A ?><>ILN :>=F5=B@0F88 A>7=0B5;L=>3> 2=8<0=8O =0 ?@>8AE>4OI8E A59G0A ?@>F5AA0E. -B0 <5B>48:0 @0A:@K;0 2>7@0AB0NICN D5=><5=>;>38G5A:CN =0?@02;5==>ABL 5@;70. G5284=>, GB> 1>;LH55 7=0G5=85 4;O =53> 8<5;> A>7=0B5;L=>5 2>A?@8OB85 0:BC0;L=>3> <5AB0 8 2@5<5=8. 5H0NI89 ?@>@K2 2 53> :>=F5?F88, ?> >B=>H5=8N : 09EC, A>AB>O; 2 B><, GB> B5?5@L =0 ?5@2K9 ?;0= 2KABC?8;0 ?@>F5AAC0;L=0O ?@8@>40 A8<?B><>2182. A2>N A8;C 2>;8 ?@>B82 =C64 A2>53> >@30=87<0. = ?>4028; 8E 2>A?@8OB85, 0 A2>Q ?>2545=85 A45;0; 7028A8<K<, 2AQ 1>;LH5 >B >1>1IQ==KE ?@54AB02;5=89. KH;5=85 70<5=8;> GC2AB20. !2O7L A> A?>=B0==>ABLN, 5AB5AB25==>9 <C4@>ABLN >@30=87<0, 1K;0 C=8GB>65=0.  ?@>AG8B0==><, >@85=B8@>20==>< =0 @0F8>=0;L=K5 F5;8 =>2>< 8=4CAB@80;L=>< >1I5AB25, 5@;7 ?KB0;AO =09B8 ?5@5E>4=K9 :C;L<8=0F8>==K9 ?C=:B MB>3> @0728B8O - @0728B8O, :0:>5 2AQ 1>;LH5 >B40;O5BAO >B A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 F5;8 8 2 A2>59 A;5?>B5 2AQ 1>;LH5 >1@0I05BAO ?@>B82 687=8. 0 D>=5 MB8E @074C<89, >= =0G5@B0; A2>Q 2845=85. '5;>25: 2 =Q< 1K; ?@8<8@Q= A A>1>9 8 A2>8< >:@C65=85<. ">;L:> ;8HL :>340 GC2AB20 8 <KH;5=85 A=>20 1C4CB 4>?>;=OBL 4@C3 4@C30, A?>A>1=>ABL G5;>25G5AB20 : 2K6820=8N 1C45B 30@0=B8@>20=0. >MB><C 3;02=K< 7040=85< A>2@5<5==>9 ?A8E>B5@0?88 O2;O5BAO ?@>25AB8 B0:CN @58=B53@0F8N (A@02=8B5 Perls, F. S. (1980). Die Integration der Personlischkeit Theoretisch Erwagungen und terapeutische Moglichkeiten. In: F. S. Peris. Gestalt. Wachstum, Integration: Aufsatze, Vortrage, Therapiesitzungen. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (1948). Theory and Technique of Personality Integration. In: American Journal for Psychotherapy, vol. 2, nr4, Oct., AB@. 565-586], AB@. 27-50 (F8B. AB@.27-28). 181 Perls, L. (1980). Begriffe und Fehlbegriffe der Gestalttherapie. In: F. S. Peris. Gestalt, Wachstum, Integration: Aufsatze, Vortrage, Therapiesitzungen (AB@. 255-261) [B0:65 (1978). Integrative Therapie, 208-214]. 0: 59BA>= A> H:>;>9 0;> ;LB>, B0: 8 5@;7 :@8B8:>20;8 B5=45=F8N ?5@52>48BL 2 @50;L=>ABL :;0AA8G5A:85 ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:85 <>45;8. >4 2;8O=85< <548F8=A:8E :;0AA8D8:0F89 1>;57=59, =5 >1@0I0;8 2=8<0=8O =0 ?@>F5AAC0;L=>ABL 2A5E O2;5=89, 0 B0:65 ?A8E8G5A:8E 8 ?A8E>A><0B8G5A:8E A8<?B><>2 (5>1E>48<> 2A?><=8BL E>BO 1K ?5@28G=>5 >?@545;5=85 =52@>70.  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[...] "0:65 =52@>B8G5A:89 A8<?B>< MB> A>AB02;ONI55 <=>38E ?@>F5AA>2: =0?@8<5@ =52@>B8G5A:85 3>;>2=K5 1>;8 <>3CB 1KBL @57C;LB0B>< B>3>, GB> =5:B> 1C4CG8 GC2AB28B5;L=K< 8 A:;>==K< ?>?;0:0BL, ?>402;O; 35@>9A:8 A2>8 GC2AB20, =0402;820O =0 3;07=K5 <KHFK, B0: GB> >=8 =0G8=0;8 1>;5BL. "0:>9 A8<?B>< <>65B 2K720BL A8<?0B8N, ?@825AB8 : C?>B@51;5=8N 0A?8@8=0 8;8 =52@>;>38G5A:><C 8AA;54>20=8N. 3> B0:65 <>6=> ?@>0=0;878@>20BL 8 8=B53@8@>20BL, ?@>8AE>4OI85 2 =Q< ?@>F5AAK" (Perls, L (1980). Begriffe und Fehlbegriffe der Gestalttherapie. In: F. S. Peris. 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Gestalt-Therapy (B>< 1). Grundlagen. (B>< 2). Praxis. Klett-Cotta im Deutschen Taschenbuch Verlag [>@838=0; (1951). Gestalt 94 "5?5@L C65 =52@>7, =5 @0AA<0B@820;AO :0: 1>;57=L, 2 <548F8=A:>< A<KA;5. 2B>@K ?>=8<0;8 ?>4 MB8< ?>=OB85<, A:>@55 =0@CH5=8O 2 F5;>AB=>< @0728B88 >@30=87<0, A2O70==K5 A >AB0=>2:>9 5AB5AB25==>9 "A0<>@53C;OF88" 2 ?;0AB8G5A:>< D>@<8@>20=88 E0@0:B5@0185. =8<0=85, :>=F5=B@0F8O, 8=B5@5A, CG0AB85, 2>71C645=85 8 ?@82;5:0B5;L=>ABL AG8B0;8AL 2K@065=85< 74>@>2KE ?@>F5AA>2, B8?0 D83C@0 - D>=. !?CB0==>ABL, A:C:0, C3=5B5=85, =04>54;82>ABL, AB@0E, 0<=578O, AB03=0F8O 8 AB5A=8B5;L=>ABL - AG8B0;8AL ?@87=0:0<8 =0@CH5=8O ?@>F5AA>2 D>@<8@>20=8O E0@0:B5@0. A=>2=K< ?>:070B5;O<8 ?>;=>3> 74>@>2LO AB0;8 B5?5@L A>7=0B5;L=>5 2>A?@8OB85 8 A>>B25BAB2CNI55 C4>2;5B2>@5=85 0:BC0;L=KE =C64 >@30=87<0. 0 ?5@2>< ?;0=5 8=B5@5A>2 5@;70 >:070;8AL =0@CH5=8O 2 :>=B0:B0E. 5@;7 8 53> :>;;538, B0: >?8A0;8 =>2CN 845N A2>59 @01>BK: Therapy. Excitement and Growth in Human Personality. New York: The Julian Press]. -B0 :=830 =5>1E>48<0 4;O E>@>H53> ?>=8<0=8O @0==59 D>@<K 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88, >A=>20==>9 - 2>7<>6=> 1>;55 =565;8 ;N10O 4@C30O D>@<0 B5@0?88 - =0 B5>@5B8:>-?>7=020B5;L=KE 845OE.  40==>9 @01>B5 <K >4=0:> =5 =0<5@5=K 25AB8 B5>@5B8G5A:CN 48A:CAA8N > ?@8=F8?0E 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88, <K ;8HL C:07K205< =0 MBC @01>BC. @8 MB>< =5>1E>48<> 2A?><=8BL, GB> >B;8G8B5;L=0O G5@B0 MB>9 :=838, MB> B>, GB> B5>@5B8G5A:85 C15645=8O 02B>@>2 (B>< 1) AD>@<C;8@>20=K B0:, GB> 8E <>6=> ?@0:B8G5A:8 8A?KB0BL 8 ?5@568BL. ">< 2 A>45@68B 8=AB@C:F88 ?@>2545=8O M:A?5@8<5=B>2 A 2>A?@8OB85<, 2>A?><8=0=8O<8, 2=8<0=85< 8 >A>7=020=85<, A=0165==K5 >1H8@=K< :><<5=B0@85< 8 70?8AO<8 M:A?5@8<5=B>2. %5DD5@;09= @07@01>B0; 4;O A51O C?@06=5=8O 4;O :>=F5=B@0F88 5@;70 8 8A?KB0; 8E A> A2>8<8 CG5=8:0<8. >?>;=8B5;L=CN 8=D>@<0F8N > :>@=OE 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88 <>6=> =09B8, 2 C65 C?><8=02H59AO AB0BL5 . 5@;7 Begriffe und Fehlbegriffe der Gestalttherapie, 0 B0:65 2 AB0BL5 Perls, F. S. (1980). Gestaltherapie und Kybernetik. In: F. S. Perls. Gestalt, Wachstum, Integration: Aufsatze, Vortrage, Therapie-sitzungen (AB@. 119-128) [B0:65 (1975). Integrative Therapie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erls, F. S. (1981). Gestalt-Wahrnehmung. Verworfenes und Wiedergefundenes aus mei-ner Mulltonne, AB@. 247-249, 0 B0:65, Ferguson, M. (1984). Die sanfte Verschwdrung. Per-sonliche und gesellschaftliche Transformation im Zeitalter des Wassermanns. Miinchen: Dro-emersche Verlagsanstalt Th. Knaur Nachf. [>@838=0; (1980). 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B> 65 2@5<O, >= A>25@H5==> >B:070;AO >B 8=48284C0;L=KE B5@0?52B8G5A:8E A50=A>2, @01>B0O ;8HL A 3@C??0<8. ;02=K9 C?>@ 2 MB>9 @01>B5 >= A45;0; =0 <5B>45 "?CAB>3> ABC;0"195. 0@O4C A 2545=85< ?@0:B8G5A:8E 70=OB89, 5@;7 AB0@0;AO B5?5@L ?@5645 2A53> ?5@540BL A2>8 273;O4K > @50;87>20==>9 G5;>25G5A:>9 M:78AB5=F88 Perls, F. S. (1974). Gestalttherapie in Aktion (@540:F8O 7. 1993). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta [>@83. (1996). Gestalt Therapy Verbatim. Lafayette: Real People Press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andler, R., Grinder, J. (1985). Reframing. Ein okologischer Ansatz in der Psychotherapie (NLP). Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (1982). Reframing: Neuro-Linguistic Programming and the Transformation of Meaning. 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A2O78 A MB8< >= AD>@<C;8@>20; 273;O4, >?@545;ONI89 25@=CN ACI=>ABL 35HB0;LB-B5@0?88, 157 CG5B0 A?5F8D8G5A:8E B5E=8: 8 53> ;8G=>3> AB8;O. 5@;7 ?8H5B: Perls, F. S. (1974). Gestalttherapie in Aktion, AB@. 57-58. 5@;7 1>;LH>5 2=8<0=85 C45;O; CB25@645=8N, GB> >H81:>9 1C45B 0:B82=> AB@5<8BLAO : ?5@5<5=0<. = A:070;: "K 2A5 70=8<05<AO 84559 87<5=5=89, 0 1>;LH8=AB2> 87 =0A ?>4E>48B : @01>B5, A>74020O ?@>3@0<<K. N48 E>BOB 87<5=8BLAO. "/ 4>;65= 1KBL B0:8<" 3>2>@OB >=8 8 B.4. 4=0:> GB> ?@>8AE>48B 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8? 45O =0<5@5==>3> 87<5=5=8O =8345 8 =8:>340 A51O =5 >?@024K205B. 0: B>;L:>, :B>-B> 3>2>@8B: "%>GC 87<5=8BLAO", B> 5ABL CAB0=02;8205B ?@>3@0<<C, A@07C =0G8=05B 459AB2>20BL ?@>B82>?>;>6=0O A8;0, ?@>B82>AB>OI0O 87<5=5=8O<. 7<5=5=8O ?@>8AE>4OB A0<8 ?> A515. A;8 G5;>25: C3;C18BAO 2 A51O, 2 B> G5< >= O2;O5BAO, 5A;8 ?@8<5B B>, GB> 2 =Q< =0E>48BAO, B>340 87<5=5=85 ?@>87>945B A0<> A>1>9. -B> 8 5ABL ?0@04>:A 87<5=5=8O, [...] !8<?B>< CA8;8205BAO B0: 4>;3>, :0: 4>;3> A =8< 1C4CB 1>@>BLAO. A;8 15@QBAO >B25BAB25==>ABL 70 B>, :0: 2K7K20NBAO 20H8 A8<?B><K, :0: 2K7K205BAO 20H0 1>;57=L, :0: 2K7K205BAO 20H5 2AQ ACI5AB2>20=85, B> 2 <><5=B, :>340 2K 2AB@5G05B5 A0<>3> A51O, =0G8=05BAO @>AB, =0G8=05BAO 8=B53@0F8O" ("0< 65, AB@. 187).0;55 5@;7 =0 >A=>25 A>1AB25==>3> >?KB0 >B:@K; O2;5=85, :0:>5 =0H;> A2>5 ?>4:@5?;5=85, B0:65 A B>G:8 7@5=8O A8AB5<=>-B5>@5B8G5A:>3> 273;O40. 59BA>= 2 AB0BL5 Bateson, G. (1985). Die Kyber-netik des  Selbst": Eine Theorie des Alkoholismus (2: G. Bateson. Die Okologie des Geistes AB@.400-435) ?@54AB028; A>740==CN 8< A0<8< <>45;L, A>3;0A=> :>B>@>9 @01>B0 A>7=0=8O O2;O5BAO G0ABLN >1H8@=>3> F5;>3> A2O70==KE ?@>F5AA>2. -B> A>3;0A=> 59BA>=C, >A;>6=O5B D0:B B>3>, GB> A>7=0=85 =5 <>65B >E20B8BL 02B>@8B0@=K< :>=B@>;5< F5;>AB=CN A8AB5<C, ?>A:>;L:C A0<> O2;O5BAO =51>;LH>9 G0ABLN >1I59 A5B8. 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erls, F. S. (1976). Grundlagen der Gestalt-Therapy. Einfuhrung und Sitzungsprotokolle, AB@. 14. 109 ;020 5  / !"  - /  ! "  >A;5 :>@>B:>3> 22545=8O 2 8AB>@8N A5<59=>9 B5@0?88, 1C45B ?@54AB02;5= ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=K9 ?CBL 8@468=88 !0B8@. 0;55 <K 709<5<AO >A=>2=K<8 273;O40<8 =0 B5@0?52B8G5A:CN @01>BC. 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"0:8< >1@07><, !0B8@ A>740;0 <=>3>C@>2=52CN :>=F5?F8N ?A8E>A>F80;L=>9 8=B5@25=F88, :>B>@0O ;8HL 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K A=8A:0;0 >B:;8: 2 A8AB5<=>9 ;8B5@0BC@5"208. 208 A. von Schlippe, Vorwort zur deutschen Ausgabe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athan W. Ackermann) 2 1950 3>4C, AB0BL8 Family Diagnosis: An Approach to the Pre-School Child (!5<59=K9 4803=>7. >4E>4 : @515=:C 4>H:>;L=>3> 2>7@0AB0)211. :5@<0== AG8B0;, GB> @538AB@0F8O A5<59=KE ?@>F5AA>2 =5>1E>48<0 4;O ?>=8<0=8O 45B59 A M<>F8>=0;L=K<8 =0@CH5=8O<8. = B0:65 8A:0; A?>A>1K 2:;NG8BL A5<LN 2 B5@0?52B8G5A:89 ?@>F5AA. 0 ?5@2>< ?;0=5 53> B5>@88 =0E>48;8AL 2;8O=8O ?@>H;>3> =0 F5;>AB=K9 :;C1>: 0:BC0;L=KE >B=>H5=89 G;5=>2 A5<L8. 57028A8<> >B =53> =0G0; A2>N @01>BC C@@59 >CM= (Murray Bowen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aslow, F. W. (1982). History of Family Therapy in the United States: A Kaleidoscopic Overview. In: F. W. Kaslow (red.). The International Handbook of Family Therapy, New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers, AB@. 537 0 B0:65 6. @8BF, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 236-299.  =8E <>6=> =09B8 B0:65 1>;55 ?>;=CN 8=D>@<0F8N > @07;8G=KE, 745AL G0AB8G=> =5 ?@82545==KE, =0?@02;5=89 A5<59=>9 B5@0?88 8 8E 40;L=59H5< @0728B88. 8HL !0;;820= 7=0G8B5;L=> >B;8G05BAO 2 MB>< A<KA;5. = CGQ;, A>3;0A=> @8BFC, B0:65 8=D>@<0F8>==>-B5>@5B8G5A:85 0A?5:BK 2 >B=>H5=8OE H87>D@5=8:>2. = 1K; AB>@>==8:>< M:>;>38G5A:>9 <>45;8, :>B>@0O 2 1>;LH>9 AB5?5=8 >B25G0;0 A>2@5<5==><C A8AB5<=><C 273;O4C. [...] !0;;820= C<5@H89 5IQ 2 1949 3>4C, A0< =8:>340 =5 >?C1;8:>20; :=83C, ?>MB><C 53> "@01>BK" =0?8A0==K5 =0 >A=>25 <03=8B>D>==KE 70?8A59 53> 4>:;04>2 8 53> AB0B59, ?>O28;8AL G0AB8G=> ;8HL 2 H5AB845AOBKE 8 A5<845AOBKE 3>40E. >MB><C 53> 2;8O=85 =0 A>2@5<5==>5 @0728B85 A5<59=>9 B5@0?88 [...] 7=0G8B5;L=> 1>;55 A;01>5 =565;8 =0 MB> C:07K205B 53> =0A;5485" (@8BF, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 237-238). 211 Ackerman, N. W., Sobel, R. (1950). Family Diagnosis: An Approach to the Pre-School Child. In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, XX, (4), AB@. 744-753. 111 ;5=85 F5;CN A5<LN H87>D@5=8G5A:8E ?0F85=B>2. 0 >A=>25 >?KB0 87 ">?5:0, 2=0G0;5 2 F5=B@ 53> 2=8<0=8O ?>?0;8 >B=>H5=8O <0BL -@515=>:. A:>@5 >4=0:> >:070;>AL, GB> 2AO A5<LO 8<5;0 A2>N 4>;N 2 ?>445@60=88 H87>D@5=8G5A:>9 A8<?B><0B8:8. '0AB> >CM=C :070;>AL, GB> >B:;>=ONI55AO >B =>@<K ?>2545=85 ?0F85=B>2 AB018;878@CNB @07@CH0NI85AO >B=>H5=8O ?0@B=5@>2. 0F85=BK ?5@5=>AOB :>=D;8:BK @>48B5;59 =0 A51O.  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A;8 =0ABC?05B ?>4>1=>5 C?>@O4>G820=85, B> >=> G0AB> <>65B ?@825AB8 : 70:@5?;5=8N =0@CH5=89 2 687=8 A5<59217. (A@02=8B5 Satir, V. (1987). Going Behind the Obvious. The Psychotherapeutic Journey. In: J. K. Zeig (red.). The Evolution of Psychotherapy, AB@. 67). 2  @0<:0E  MB> O2;5=85 >1AC6405BAO :0: F8:;K :><<C=8:0F88 8 :0;81@>2>G=K5 ?5B;8.  1>;55 ?>74=89 ?5@8>4 8@468=8O !0B8@ A>2<5AB8;0 A2>8 273;O4K 2 :>=F5?F88 A5<59=>9 A8AB5<K, DC=:F8>=8@>20=85 :>B>@>9 1K;> A>3;0A=> 59, 2 :815@=5B8G5A:>< A<KA;5, ?@5645 2A53> @57C;LB0B>< :><<C=8:0F8>==KE ?@>F5AA>2 <564C M;5<5=B0<8 A8AB5<K (G;5=0<8 A5<L8). >MB><C 2 F5=B@5 5Q A5<59=>-B5@0?52B8G5A::8E 2<5H0B5;LAB2 =0E>48;8AL O2=K5 8 A:@KBK5 ?@028;0, 0 B>G=55 =0@CH5=8O :><<C=8:0F88 (A@02=8B5 Satir, V. (1975). Selbstwert und Kommunikation. Familientherapie fur Berater und zur Selbsthilfe. Miinchen: Miinchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer [>@83.(1972). Peoplemaking. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books], AB@. 49-140). 116 >A;5 @0AH8D@>2:8 ACI5AB25==KE <><5=B>2 MB>3> A;CG0O, 8@468=88 !0B8@ C40;>AL 4>25AB8 ;5G5=85 A5<L8 4> C25=G02H53>AO CA?5E>< D8=0;0. 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[...] A5 GB> O 45;0;0, 1K;> ?>;=>9 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>ABLN B>3>, GB> 45;0;8  8AB>@8G5A:>< A<KA;5 MB> ;5G5=85, :0: ?>:07K20NB 4>ABC?=K5 40==K5, 1K;> ?5@2>9 B5@0?52B8G5A:>9 @01>B>9, ?@>254Q==>9 ?@8 >4=>2@5<5==>< CG0AB88 2A5E G;5=>2 A5<L8. IQ 2 1964 3>4C, 425=04F0BL ;5B A?CABO ?>A;5 7025@H5=8O MB>3> ;5G5=8O 8 ?>GB8 ?OB=04F0BL A?CABO 2>7=8:=>25=8O B5G5=8O A5<59=>9 B5@0?88, 8@468=8O !0B8@ ?8A0;0: "=>65AB2> B5@0?52B8G5A:8E AB@0B5389 =07K20NBAO "A5<59=>9 B5@0?859", >4=0:> >=8 @07;8G0NBAO ?> >?@545;5=8N, :>B>@>5 1C45B BCB ?@54AB02;5=>, B5< GB> >=8 ?@5645 2A53> >@85=B8@>20=K =0 G;5=>2 A5<L8, :0: =0 ;8G=>AB8, 0 =5 =0 A5<LN :0: F5;>5. 0?@8<5@: 0) :064K9 G;5= A5<L8 <>65B 8<5BL A2>53> B5@0?52B0, 1) G;5=K A5<L8 <>3CB 8<5BL >1I53> B5@0?52B0, => 2AB@5G05BAO >= A =8<8 A :064K< >B45;L=>, 2) C ?0F85=B0 <>65B 1KBL B5@0?52B, :>B>@K9 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 2AB@5G05BAO A >AB0;L=K<8 G;5=0<8 A5<L8 4;O 1;030 ?0F85=B0" (Satir, V. (1964/1967). Conjoint Family Therapy. Original and Revised English Language Edition. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books; niem. (1973). Fa-milienbehandlung. Kommunikation und Beziehung in Theorie, Erleben und Therapie. Freiburg im Brsg.: Lambertus-Verlag, AB@. 13). 219 4=8< 87 5Q ?5@2KE CG5=8:>2 1K; 20= >H>@<5=8-038. >74=55 >= @0728; A>2<5AB=> A 0B0=>< :5@<0=><, ?A8E>0=0;8B8G5A:8 >@85=B8@>20==CN D>@<C A5<59=>9 B5@0?88. 0B0= :5@<0=, 2 A2>N >G5@54L 22Q; 2 @01>BC A A5<59=>9 B5@0?859 !0;L204>@0 8=CE8=0, A>740B5;O AB@C:BC@=>9 A5<59=>9 B5@0?88. 0 53> :>=F5?F88 A8;L=> ?>2;8O; 659 %59;8, B0:65 AB>@>==8: AB@0B538G5A:8E ?@8=F8?>2. >A;5 CE>40 8=CE8=0 87 MRI, :0: <K C65 3>2>@8;8, >= >B?@028;AO 70 =8< 2 '09;4 C840=A ;8=8: 2 $8;045;LD8N. 117 >=8. > O 7=0;0 GB> 5ABL =5GB>, =0 A;54 G53> O 2KH;0, =5 8<5O ?>=OB85 GB> MB>, => =5 A<>B@O =0 MB> 7=0;0. [...] >MB><C O 2AB@5B8;0AL A N@@55<. = 1K; 25AL<0 256;82 A> <=>9, ?>72>;82 2>9B8, <K 3>2>@8;8 8 2A5 ?@>H;> :0: ?>;>65=>. / A0<0 C65 <=>3>5 A45;0;0, ?>A:>;L:C 2 1951-1955 AB0@0;0AL ?@8<5=OBL 2A5, GB> B>;L:> 1K;> 2>7<>6=>. ">340 N@@59 5I5 =8G53> =5 7=0; 8 O B0:65 [...] -B> 1K;8 2@5<5=0, :>340 :064K9 1K; C25@5=, GB> AB@040NI8< H87>D@5=859 =5;L7O ?><>GL. (87>D@5=8O 1K;0 107>9 4;O =0A 2A5E, ?>A:>;L:C 5A;8 1K <K =0G0;8 A G53>-B> 4@C3>3>, B> =8 : G5<C 1K =5 ?@8H;8. A5 "?>A;CH=K5" =52@>B8:8 8 8< ?>4>1=K5, ;5G8;8AL ?A8E>0=0;8B8:0<8. 3@5AA82=KE A060;8 2 BN@L<K, 0 H87>D@5=8:>2 2 ?A8E80B@8G5A:85 ;5G51=8FK. 52@>B8:8, B0:8< >1@07><, H;8 : 4@C38<, 0 <K 2A5 A5<59=K5 B5@0?52BK, A A0<>3> =0G0;0 @01>B0;8 A H87>D@5=8:0<8. -B8< 1>;LH5 =8:B> =5 70=8<0;AO.  :>340 <K ?KB0;8AL ;5G8BL H87>D@5=8:>2, MB> B0:65 =8:>3> >A>15==> =5 8=B5@5A>20;>"220.  1957 3>4C, A?CABO 3>4 ?>A;5 2878B0 : >CM=C, 8@468=8O !0B8@ ?@>G8B0;0 AB0BLN Toward a Theory of Schizofrenia ( B5>@88 H87>D@5=88), >?C1;8:>20==CN 3>4 A?CABO @53>@8 59BA>=><, >=>< . 65:A>=><, 655< %59;8, 8 6>=>< #8:;5=4><221.  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K @07@01>B0;8 ?@>5:B, F5;LN :>B>@>3> 1K;> 8AA;54>20=85 7028A8<>AB8 74>@>2LO 8 1>;57=8 >B >?@545;5==KE 8=B5@0:F89 A@548 G;5=>2 A5<L8. -B> 1K; =0H ?@>5:B 8 >= ?>;CG8; D8=0=A>2CN ?>445@6:C. [...]  <0@B5 8=AB8BCB =0- 220 , . .@35=A, ". (B0;L, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 197-178. 221 Bateson, G., Jackson, D. D., Haley, J., Weakland, J. H. (1985). Vorstudien zu einer Theo-rie der Schizophrenie. 118 G0; @01>BC, 0 O 70?;0=8@>20;0, GB> 1C4C @01>B0BL 2 =5< B@8 4=O 2 =545;N.  <05 MB>3> 3>40 O CG0AB2>20;0 2 1>;LH>9 :>=D5@5=F88 8 CA;KH0;0, :0: :B>-B> >1@0I05BAO :> <=5, =07K20O <>N D0<8;8N. 15@=C2H8AL, O C2845;0 =57=0:><KE <=5 ;N459. =8 A?@>A8;8: "-B> 2K 8@468=8O !0B8@?" "0" - >B25B8;0 O. "K E>B5;8 1K, GB>1K 2K ?@85E0;8 : =0< 8 ?>:070;8 =0< A5<59=CN B5@0?8N". / A?@>A8;0: "B:C40 20< 8725AB=> ,GB> O @0718@0NAL 2 MB><?". 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"0< >=0 ?>7=0:><8;0AL A $@8F5< 5@;7><, :>B>@>3> >G5=L C2060;0.  1966 3>4C 8@468=8O !0B8@ ?>:8=C;0 MRI, A B>9 ?>@K ?>;=>ABLN ?>A2OI0O A51O 2A5<8@=><C >1CG5=8N 8 @01>B5 =04 @0728B85< <5B>40 ;5G5=8O A5<59, B> 5ABL "5@0?88 &5;>9 !5<L8 (Conjoint Family Therapy)223.  =0G0;5 1972 3>40 8@468=8O !0B8@ ?>7=0:><8;0AL A 4204F0B842CE;5B=8< ABC45=B>< 8G0@4>< M=4;5@><. E ?>7=0:><8; 8740B5;L, >15@B !?8BF5@. 0G0;0AL >G5=L ?;>4>B2>@=0O @01>B0. M=4;5@ =0G0; 87CG0BL 55 B5E=8:C 8 A>2<5AB=> A 6>=>< @8=45@>< @07@01>B0; A>1AB25==K5 <>45;8, 2 :>B>@K5 =0@O4C A =525@10;L=K<8 ?0BB5@=0<8 ?>2545=8O ?>?0;8 B0:65 <KA;8 !0B8@ > B5@0?88 8 :><<C=8:0F88. >MB><C, 8740==K9 2 1975 3>4C ?5@2K9 B>< The Structure of Magic (!B@C:BC@0 <0388), B> 5ABL ?5@20O >1I0O ?C1;8:0F8O A>740B5;59 , 3>2>@8;, ?@5645 2A53>, > 25@10;L=>< ?>2545=88, C:070==>< !0B8@224. >4 A?CABO 2KH5; 2B>@>9 B>< MB>9 :=838225.  =5< =0 ?5@2K9 ?;0= 1K;8 ?><5I5=K =525@10;L=K5 ?0BB5@=K 8 1>@L10 B5@0?52B>2 A =5:>=3@CM=B=>ABLN. 0@O4C A :>=F5?F859 @5?@575=B0B82=KE A8AB5<, 2?5@2K5 1K;8 ?@54AB02;5=K AB@0B5388 8=B5@25=F88 2 A5<59=>9 B5@0?88.  B>< 65 3>4C M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ >?C1;8:>20;8 :=83C Changing With Families (7<5=O5<AO 2<5AB5 A A5<LO<8)226. -B0 ?C1;8:0F8O 2>7=8:;0 ?@8 A>CG0AB88 8@468=88 !0B8@.  =59 2?5@2K5 A8AB5<0B8G5A:8 ?@8<5=O5BAO, C65 =0 ?@0:B8:5, @07@01>B:0 <>45;8 A5<59=>9 B5@0?88. 0:>=5F, 8740==0O 2 1982 3>4C :=830 Re-framing: Neuro-Linguistic Programming and the Transformation of Meaning ( 5D@59<8=3. 59@>;8=328AB8G5A:>5 ?@>3@0<<8@>20=85 8 87<5=5=85 7=0G5=89) <>6=> AG8B0BL A>1@0=85< >A=>2=KE ?0BB5@=>2 @5D@59<8=30 8 15A54, :0:8<8 ?>;L7>20;0AL 8@468=8O !0B8@, 2> 2@5<O 2AB@5G A A5<LO<8 8 8=48284C0;L=K<8 :;85=B0<8227. =830 A B0:8< 65 =0720=85< 2KH;0 2 8740B5;LAB25 >15@B0 !?8BF5@0 Verlag Sciens & Behavior Books 2 1964.  =59 8@468=8O !0B8@ 2?5@2K5 ?8AL<5==> ?@54AB02;O5B A2>8 ?@54AB02;5=8O > B5>@88 A5<L8 (G0ABL 1), B5>@88 :><<C=8:0F88 (G0ABL 2) 8 B5>@88 8 ?@0:B8:8 B5@0?88 (G0ABL 3). 224 Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1981a). Metasprache und Psychotherapie. Struktur der Magie I. 225 6. @8=45@, . M=4;5@, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0. 226 6. @8=45@, . M=4;5@, . !0B8@, F8B8@C5<>5 ?@>872545=85. 27 Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1985). Reframing. Ein okologischer Ansatz in der Psychotherapie (NLP). 8@468=8O !0B8@ @01>B0;0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> A A5<LO<8. Q B5@0?52B8G5A:89 <5B>4 <>6=> ?@8<5=8BL 157 A><=5=8O B0:65 : 8=48284C0;L=K< :;85=B0<.  =0G0;5 452O=>ABKE 3>4>2 25;8:>;5?=K9 ?@8<5@ B0:>9 8=48284C0;L=>9 @01>BK, A B>G:8 7@5=8O  ?@>0=0;878@>20; !B82 =4@50A (Andreas, S. (1994). Virginia Satir- Master ihres Zaubers. Paderborn: Junfermann [>@838=0; (1991). Virginia Satir - The Patterns of her Magic. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books]). 0@O4C A >1H8@=K< :><<5=B0@85< 70?8A59, 45<>=AB@8@CNI8< @01>BC A 39-;5B=59 CG0AB=8F59 A5<8=0@>2, 2 MB>9 ?C1;8:0F88 =0E>48BAO B0:65 Follow up - 8=B5@2LN ?@>254Q==>5 >==8@M =4@50A A :;85=B:>9, ?>GB8 G5@57 B@8 A ?>;>28=>9 3>40 ?>A;5 B5@0?88. @><5 B>3> :=830 A>45@68B 8=AB@C:F88 8 >?8A0=8O : 206=59H8< ?0BB5@=0< B5@0?52B8G5A:>9 @01>BK !0B8@. 120 ! 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"0: 45;0;8, =5 278@0O =0 B>, GB> <=>385 8=459A:85 45B8 ?>3810;8 2> 2@5<O B0:>9 ?>?KB:8 8;8 ?KB0;8AL ?>:>=G8BL 687=L A0<>C189AB2><. !B@040=8O 8=459F52, >AB0B:8 A0<>C2065=8O :>B>@KE C=8GB>65=> A ?><>ILN 154=>AB8, 0;:>3>;O, ?>;8F59A:>3> B5@@>@0 8 @0A>2>3> ?@020, ?@825;8 2 :>=F5 :>=F>2 : A>740=8N G;5=0<8 ?;5<5=8 '8??520, ;094>< 5;;5:C@B0 8 5==8A>< 0=4:A><, @048:0;L=>3> American Indian Movement (2865=85 <5@8:0=A:8E =459F52 -AIM). AIM 1K;, ?@5645 2A53>, 4CE>2=K< 42865=85<, F5;LN :>B>@>3> 1K;> 2>72@0I5=85 A>1AB25==>9 :C;LBC@K 8 4CE>2=>9 B>645AB25==>AB8, >B>@20==K< >B :>@=59 8 G0AB>, 2@0I0NI8<AO 2 :@8<8=0;L=KE :@C30E 8=459F0< !525@=>9 <5@8:8. 'B>1K 4>AB8GL MB>3>, =5>1E>48<> 1K;> 70=OBLAO N@848G5A:>9 8 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 45OB5;L=>ABLN, ?>A:>;L:C B>645AB25==>ABL 8 4CE>2=>ABL B@048F8>==>3> 8=459F0 =5@07@K2=> A2O70=0 A 75<;59 =0 :>B>@>9 >= 6825B. >MB><C :@><5 AC451=KE ?@>F5AA>2 > ?@025 =0 2;045=85 75<;59, AIM ?@>2>48;> 2A5 =>2K5 <0@H8 ?@>B5AB0 8 4@C385 0:F88, 4>AB830NI85 >1I5AB25==>3> CA?5E0, GB>1K B0:8< >1@07>< =0?@028BL 2=8<0=85 15;KE 0<5@8:0=F52 =0 ?@>1;5<K :>@5==KE 68B5;59 MB8E B5@@8B>@89. =8 A>18@0;8AL ?>B@51>20BL 8A?>;=5=8O 371 (!) 4>3>2>@0, =0@CH5==>3> 15;K<8. 081>;55 A?5:B0:C;O@=>9 0:F859, 3>@OG> ?@>B5ABCNI8E 8=459F52, 1K;> 70=OB85 27 D52@0;O 1973 3>40 C=454 =8. !>B=8 8=459F52 @07;8G=KE ?;5<5= 7010@@8:048@>20;>AL 2 <5AB=>AB8 =0 B5@@8B>@88 09= 846 =480= 575@259H5=, >1JO282 =57028A8<>ABL =0@>4=>AB8 3;0;0. =459FK B@51>20;8 @02=>?@02=KE ?5@53>2>@>2 A ?@028B5;LAB2>< !(. @028B5;LAB2> >B:070;>AL 8 2<5AB> MB>3> 2KA;0;> 2>9A:0 8 ?>;8F8N HB0B0. 0;55 ?@>87>H;0 A0<0O 1>;LH0O 2>5==0O :>=D@>=B0F8O =0 B5@@8B>@88 !>548=5==KE (B0B>2 A> 2@5<5= 7025@H5=8O 2>9=K A 8=459F0<8. @0<0B8G5A:0O B@0- 121 3548O, ?>B@OAH0O 25AL =0@>4, 4;8;0AL 4> 8 <0O MB>3> 65 3>40. 87=L ?@8 MB>< ?>B5@O;8 A>B=8 ;N459228. 8@468=8O !0B8@ 2:;NG8;0AL 2 :>=D;8:B 2 @>;8 254CI59 ?5@53>2>@K. =0 ?>=8<0;0 <>B820F8N 8=459A:8E 68B5;59 8 A0<0 E>B5;0 >1;53G8BL 8E AB@040=8O. ! B5E ?>@ >=0 @53C;O@=> @01>B0;0 A 8=459F0<8 ?;5<5=8 !N:A>2, A@548 :>B>@KE >1@5;0 <=>65AB2> 4@C759. > 2@5<O 4;8B5;L=KE =>G=KE F5@5<>=89 A @8BC0;0<8 8 ?>A2OI5=8O<8, >=0 1K;0 ?@>872545=0 2 H0<0=K. 9 ?5@540;8 A2OI5==CN B@C1:C, >A2OI05<CN :064K9 3>4. !0B8@ B0:65 ?>;CG8;0 8=459A:>5 8<O 5=I8=0 5BOI89 @Q; .  1977 3>4C 8@468=8O !0B8@ A>740;0 Avanta Network. =0 >ICI0;0 =5>1E>48<>ABL A>1@0BL ;N459, :>B>@K5 ?@>H;8 C =55 >1CG5=85 8 8A?>254>20;8 B5 65 F5==>AB8. 5 =0<5@5=85< 1K;> A:>=F5=B@8@>20BL A?>A>1=>AB8 8 B0;0=B MB8E ;N459, GB>1K ?>445@60BL ;N459, A5<L8, >@30=870F88, F5@:28, 2>A?8B0B5;L=K5 CG@5645=8O, ?>;8B8G5A:85 >@30=870F88 8 ?@028B5;LAB20 2 @0728B88 3C<0=8B0@=>9 <8@=>9 8 AG0AB;82>9 D>@<K G5;>25G5A:>9 A>2<5AB=>9 687=8 5 <5GB0 MB> 2A5>1I89 <8@, A@548 ;N459 =5278@0O =0 @0AK, @5;8388, =0F8>=0;L=>AB8. &5;LN MB>9 A5B8 1K; ?>8A: =>2KE ?CB59 : >ACI5AB2;5=8N, 2KH5=0720==>9 <5GBK.  F5=B@5 55 2=8<0=8O =0E>48BAO @0728B85 8 ?5@540G0 <5B>4>2, C:@5?;ONI8E 2 ;N4OE GC2AB2> A>1AB25==>9 F5==>AB8. @><5 B>3>, G;5=K Avanta Network, ?@5645 2A53>, 70=8<0NBAO 2A52>7<>6=>9 ?>445@6:>9 2A5E B5E <KA;5==KE <>45;59, :>B>@K5 254CB : @>ABC ;8G=>AB8.  @0<:0E 2A5<8@=>3> ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>3> ?@54;>65=8O B@5=8=3>2, ?@825@65=FK A5B8 @01>B0NB =04 A>25@H5=AB2>20=85< 8 ?5@540G59 G5;>25G5A:8E :><<C=8:0F8>==KE A?>A>1=>AB59230.  <05 1988 3>40 8@468=8O !0B8@ 2?5@2K5 ?@>45<>=AB@8@>20;0 A2>N @01>BC 2 G5BK@5E 3>@>40E 1K2H53> !>25BA:>3> !>N70.  :>=F5 G5BK@5E =545;L=>3> ?CB5H5AB28O, >=0 ?>GC2AB2>20;0 ;53:CN 1>;L 2 >1;0AB8 ?>465;C4>G=>9 65;57K, 1;03>40@O <0AA06C C40;>AL >1;53G8BL 55 AB@040=8O. =0G0;5 ?>4>7@520;0AL 8=D5:F8O, 2K720==0O ?0@078B0<8. >A;5 7025@H5=8O ?>574:8, 8@468=8O !0B8@ 25@=C;0AL 2 !(. 5A:>;L:> =545;L A?CABO, 1>;8 CA8;8;8AL, >=0 701>;5;0 65;BCE>9. !8;K 1KAB@> ?>:840;8 55. @0G8 AG8B0;8, GB> 28=>9 MB><C >?CE>;L ?>465;C4>G=>9 65;57K. =0 @5H8;0 25@=CBLAO 2 A2>9 4>< 2 0;> ;LB>, GB>1K ?@>9B8 4803=>AB8:C 8 ;5G8BLAO 2 !BM=D>@4A:>< 548F8=A:>< &5=B@5. "0< C =55 >1=0@C68;8, GB> >?CE>;L C65 40;0 <5B0AB07K, @07@CH82H85 ?5G5=L. B;8G=> 4>:C<5=B8@>20==K9 >1@07 :>=D;8:B0 70 C=454 =8 =0E>48BAO 2 >1H8@=>9 ?C1;8:0F88 ;0CA0 835@B0 > 8AB>@88 A>2@5<5==KE 8=459F52 (Biegert, . (1976). Seit 200 Jahren ohne Verfassung. USA- Indianer im Widerstand. Hamburg: Rowohlt 1976, 1981, AB@. 86-129). 229 !@02=8B5 . C=45;L, . C=45;L, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@, 105. 230 !@02=8B5 Virdginia Satir Dies, "Anchor Points" 1988, B>< 2, !10, AB@. 2. 122  ?>A;54=85 =545;8 687=8, 8@468=8O !0B8@ 2=8<0B5;L=> =01;N40;0 70 ?@81;860NI59AO A<5@BLN. =0 E>B5;0 ?5@568BL ?@>F5AA A<5@B8 =0AB>;L:> A>7=0B5;L=>, =0A:>;L:> MB> 1K;> 2>7<>6=>. 8F>< : ;8FC A> A<5@BLN, >=0 ?@>H;0 3;C1>:89 ?@>F5AA B@0=AD>@<0F88, 2> 2@5<O :>B>@>3> ?>1548;0 AB@0E ?5@540 =0 4@C3CN AB>@>=C. 0 ?OBL 4=59 4> A<5@B8, >=0 >1@0B8;0 : ;N4O<, A :>B>@K<8 GC2AB2>20;0 A2O7L, B0:85 A;>20: "> all my friends, colleagues and family: I send you love. Please support me in my passage to a new life I have no other way to thenk you then this. You have all played a significant part in may development of loving. As a result, my life has been rich and full, so I leave feeling very grateful. Virginia23'. 10 45:01@O 1988 3>40 8@468=8O !0B8@ C<5@;0 2 :@C3C =5A:>;L:8E 1;8609H8E 4@C759 2 A2>5< 4><5 2 0;> ;LB>232. > 2A5< <>8< 7=0:><K< 8 @>4=K<. (;N 20< A2>N ;N1>2L. @>HC ?>445@60BL <5=O 2> 2ABC?;5=88 2 =>2CN 687=L. / =5 <>3C 8=0G5 2K@078BL A2>59 1;03>40@=>AB8. K 2A5 AK3@0;8 7=0G8B5;L=CN @>;L 2 @0728B88 <>59 ;N128.  @57C;LB0B5 <>O 687=L 1K;0 1>30B>9 8 ?>;=>9.  ?>MB><C O CE>6C 8A?>;=5==>9 1;03>40@=>AB8. 232 ?8A0=85 ?>A;54=8E G0A>2 8@468=88 !0B8@ =0E>48BAO 2 :=835 Dodson, L. (1993). The Dying Process of a Conscious Woman - Virginia Satir. In: Anchor Point.TOM 7, nr 5, AB@. 35-41. 123 !+ &&   !"  A8E>B5@0?8O 8 4CE>2=>ABL >340 <K G8B05< @07;8G=K5 >?8A0=8O, A45;0==K5 :>;;530<8, 4@C7LO<8 8 :;85=B0<8 8@468=88 !0B8@, 2=8<0=85 ?@82;5:05B B>, :0: =5>1KG09=> 55 C2060;8. 8G0@4 M=4;5@, =0?@8<5@ ?8H5B: " B5G5=88 ?>A;54=8E 15 ;5B, O 8<5; C4>2>;LAB285 8 G5ABL, <>45;8@>20BL =5A:>;L:8E ;CGH8E A?5F80;8AB>2 ?> :><<C=8:0F88, ?>A;54=53> ?>:>;5=8O, B0:8E :0: >H5 $5;L45=:@097 8 8;B>= -@8:A>=. 4=0:> >A>1>5 C4>2>;LAB28O O ?>;CG8; 2 =0G0;5 @01>BK, ?@8 <>45;8@>20=88 8@468=88 !0B8@, A>740B5;O "5@0?88 &5;>9 !5<L8, <0AB5@0 B5@0?88, 25;8:>;5?=>3> CG8B5;O 8 ?@5645 2A53> ;8G=>ABL, =5>1KG09=> :><<C=8:0F8>==> >40@5==CN. [...] 8@468=8O ?><>3;0 <=5 B0:65 ?>=OBL, @07;8G85 <564C A5@L57=K< ?>4E>4>< : @01>B5, 2K?>;=O5<>9 20<8 8 ?@5AB865<, :>B>@K9 1;03>40@O MB><C >1@5B05B5. >A;54=85 15 ;5B. 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A5 1>;LH0O >B>@20==>ABL >B :>@=59 "?@>A25I5==>3>" G5;>25:0, CA8;820NI89AO @0A?04 >1I5AB20 8 2A52>7<>6=KE D>@< 687=8, <0AA>2>5 C=8GB>65=85 >:@C60NI59 A@54K, 2>9=K, ?@5ABC?;5=8O, =0A8;85 8 ?A8E8G5A:85 AB@040=8O, 3>2>@OB A0<8 70 A51O. -B> >B@0605B ?@>- !@02=8B5 B5:AB 2: Satir, V (1988). The New Peoplemaking. Palo Alto: Science & Behavior Books; =5<. (1990). Kommunikation. Selbstwert. Kongruenz. Konzepte und Perspektiven familientherapeutischer Praxis. Paderborn; Junfermann, AB@. 279. 235 !@02=8B5 . !0B8@, . >;428=, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 135-136. 125 F5AA, =0G02H89AO 2 =>2>5 2@5<O 8 ?@8254H89 G5;>25G5AB2> : ?5@5?CBLN236. 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Die Struktur der Magie II, AB@. 36-51. @><5 B>3>, =5>1E>48<> 2A?><=8BL, GB> M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ - =0@O4C A 2KH5 >?8A0==K<8 O2;5=8O<8 =07K205<K<8 A8<C;LB0=B=>9 =5:>=3@CM=B=>ABLN - >?8AK20NB 5IQ 4@C3CN D>@<C =5:>=3@CM=B=>9 :><<C=8:0F88, B0: =07K205<CN, ?>A;54>20B5;L=CN =5:>=3@CM=B=>ABL. >4E20BK20O 845N 59BA>=0, >=8 ?8HCB 2 Reframing: Neuro-Linguistic Programming and the Transformation of Meaning: "A;8 A?@>A8BL 0;:>3>;8:0 2 B@572>< A>AB>O=88 > 53> ?5@56820=8OE ?>4 459AB285< 0;:>3>;O, >= 45<>=AB@8@C5B ?>;=CN 8;8 G0AB8G=CN 0<=578N. 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"0< 65, AB@. 183. 144 ;020 6 " - ! -  #& >A;5 ?@54AB02;5=8O 18>3@0D88 8 >?8A0=88 ;8G=>AB8 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0, 1C4CB ?@54AB02;5=K =5:>B>@K5 87 53> =081>;55 @52>;NF8>==KE :>=F5?F89 87 >1;0AB8 ?A8E>B5@0?88.  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"@5B89 :>=3@5AA, ?@>HQ; A 3 ?> 7 45:01@O 1986 3>40 8 A>1@0; >:>;> 1800 CG0AB=8:>2 8 ?@>E>48; B0:65 2 $5=8:A5. A5 >BGQBK > @01>B5 :>=3@5AA>2 2KH;8 2 D>@<5 :=838 Zeig, J.. (@540:F8O). (1982). Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psychotherapy. New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers. 5@2K9 =5<5F:>O7KG=K9 :>=3@5AA 38?=>70 8 38?=>B5@0?88 ?> 8;B>=C -@8:A>=C ?@>HQ; 17-20 >:BO1@O 2 1984 3>4C 2 >=0:>, 2 =Q< CG0AB2>20;> A2KH5 400 G5;>25:. 08206=59H85 @5D5@0BK MB>3> :>=3@5AA0 8740; C@:E0@4 8B5@ Peter, Burkhard (8740=85) (1985). Hypnose und Hypno-therapie nach Milton H. Erickson. Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder. Munchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer. 5D5@0BK > @01>B5 -@8:A>=0 83@0NB 206=CN @>;L B0:65 8 =0 4@C38E 1>;LH8E :>=3@5AA0E. @8<5@>< <>65B 1KBL A8<?>78C< -2>;NF8O A8E>B5@0?88, >A=>20==K9 65DD@8 593><, 48@5:B>@>< $>=40 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0 2 $5=8:A5. 5@2K9 A8<?>78C<, 2 :>B>@>< CG0AB2>20;> >:>;> 7000 CG0AB=8:>2, ?@>HQ; 2 1985 3>4C. @5AA0 =0720;0 53> C4AB>:>< A8E>B5@0?88. B>@>9 :>=3@5AA MB>3> F8:;0 ?@>HQ; 2 1990 3>4C 2 =0E09<5. 45AL B0:65 3;02=K5 >A=>20B5;8 @07;8G=KE H:>; B5@0?88 2AB@5B8;8AL A 1>;55 G5< 7000 CG0AB=8:>2. "@5B89 :>=3@5AA MB>3> B8?0 ?@>E>48; 2 0<1C@35 A 27 ?> 31 8N;O 1994 3>40. 269 >@>B:89 >17>@ 2>AE8B8B5;L=>9 8AB>@88 38?=>70 <>6=> =09B8 2 AB0BL5 Jovanovic, U. J. (1990). Historische Entwicklung der Hypnose. In: D. Revenstorf (@540:F8O). Klinische Hyp-nose (AB@. 7-23). Berlin Heidelberg New York London Paris Tokyo HongKong Barcelona: Spronger Verlag, AB@. 723). 081>;55 >1H8@=K< 8AB>G=8:>< > 38?=>75 (A 8AG5@?K20NI8< A?8A:>< ;8B5@0BC@K > A?5F8D8G5A:8E 0A?5:B0E B5<K) O2;O5BAO :=830: Jovanowic, U. J. (1988). Methodik und Theorie der Hypnose. Stuttgart New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag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" - ! 8>3@0D8O ;L15@B -@8:A>=, >B5F 8;B>=0 @>48;AO 2 '8:03>. 3> @>48B5;8 ?@81K;8 2 <5@8:C 87 >@25388 . 0==OO A<5@BL 53> >BF0, 4540 8;B>=0, 70AB028;0 ;L15@B0 =0G0BL @01>B0BL, GB>1K ?@>:>@<8BL A5<LN. #65 1C4CG8 @515=:><, >= @01>B0; =0 <0;>>?;0G8205<KE 2@5<5==KE @01>B0E. 3> A0<>9 1>;LH>9 <5GB>9 1K;> 8<5BL A>1AB25==CN D5@<C.  15 ;5B, >= ?>:8=C; 4><, GB>1K ?>?KB0BL AG0ABLO 2 AB>;8F5 HB0B0 8A:>=A8=. $5@<5@, 27O2H89 53> =0 @01>BC, =5>6840==> C<5@ G5@57 B@8 <5AOF0. ;L15@B -@8:A>= 27O; =0 A51O C?@02;5=85 D5@<>9 8 G5@57 A5<L ;5B 65=8;AO =0 4>G5@8 C<5@H53> >;LH5 2A53> 40==KE > 687=8 -@8:A>=0 27OB> 87 53> A>1AB25==KE 2KA:07K20=89, 70?8A0==KE 2> 2@5<O 15A54K A 655< %59;8 2 1957 3>4C (Haley, J. (red.). (1985ac). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (t. 1). Changing Individuals; (t. 2). Changing Couples; (t. 3). Changing Children and Families. New York London: Triangle Press, distributed by W. W. Norton & Co.). AB0;L=K5 40==K5 87 :=838, 5A;8 =5 40=0 4@C30O AAK;:0: 6. 593, "AB@5G8 A -@8:A>=><. 5>1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25:, =5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O" Zeig. J. . (1985A). Experiencing Erickson. An Introduction to the Man and His Work. New York: Brun-ner, Mazel Publishers]. 146 @01>B>40B5;O, ;0@5 8=>@. >340 >=8 ?>7=0:><8;8AL, ;0@0 5I5 E>48;0 2 H:>;C. >A;5 A204L1K ;L15@B -@8:A>= 4>?>;=8B5;L=> @01>B0; 2 1>;L=8F5 4;O ?A8E8G5A:8 1>;L=KE 2 6C=>, HB0B 8A:>=A8=. >B>< >= @5H8; ?>?@>1>20BL A51O 2 @>;8 8A:0B5;O 7>;>B0 8 >B?@028;AO A A5<L59 =0 70?04. ;8B5;L=>5 2@5<O 5<C ?@8E>48;>AL 4>2>;LAB2>20BLAO 2@5<5==K<8 70@01>B:0<8 ?@8 ;035@5 8A:0B5;59 C@C< 2 52045, ?>:0 >= =5 =0B:=C;AO =0 68;C A5@51@0 8 >;>20, :>B>@K5 =0G0; 4>1K20BL 2<5AB5 A ?0@B=5@><. "0< 5 45:01@O 1901 3>40 @>48;AO 8;B>= %09;5=4 -@8:A>=271. >340 =5A:>;L:> ;5B A?CABO H0EB0 >10=:@>B8;0AL, ;L15@B -@8:A>= 1K; =0 3@0=8 D8=0=A>2>3> :@0E0. >MB><C >= @5H8; 25@=CBLAO 2 8A:>=A8= A 65=>9 8 ?>?>;=82H59AO A5<L59272. 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Q 35=50;>38G5A:>5 45@52> CE>48B A2>8<8 :>@=O<8 2> 2@5<5=0 BF>2 8;838@8<>2. #65 2 2>7@0AB5 16 ;5B, >=0 @5H8;0 =0720BL A2>53> AK=0 %09;5=4. <O ?@>8AE>48B >B ?@54:0 ?> 8<5=8 6>= %09;5=4, :>B>@K9 A;C68; 2 0@<88 !>548=Q==KE (B0B>2 <09>@><, 2> 2@5<O 2>9=K A 5;8:>1@8B0=859 2 1812 3>4C. !>548=Q==K5 (B0BK 2 B5 2@5<5=0 157CA?5H=> ?KB0;8AL 2>@20BLAO A8;>9 2 0=04C. @C3>9 G;5= A5<L8 %09;5=4>2 2> 2@5<O 0<5@8:0=A:>9 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=K 1861-1865 A;C68; 4>1@>2>;LF5< =0 AB>@>=5 N6=KE HB0B>2. "0:8< >1@07><, -@8:A>= A2>5<C 2B>@><C 8<5=8 >1O70= <0B5@8, 65;02H59 ?>GB8BL 70A;C38 A2>8E ?@54:>2. 272 # 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0 1K;> 425 AB0@H85 8 ?OBL <;04H8E A5ABQ@ 8 >48=, =0 H5ABL ;5B <;04H89 1@0B. 273 !@02=8B5 Peter, Burkhard (1987). Milton H. Ericksons Weg der Hypnose. In: Experimented und klinische Hypnose, III, z. 2, AB@. 133-134. 147 ABLN ?>A2OI0; A2>5 2=8<0=85 <0;59H8< 87<5=5=8O<. 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A5 5I5 2?5G0B;ONB, =0?@8<5@, B@0=A>2K5 8=4C:F88 -@8:A>=0, 2K720==K5 1;03>40@O 8AG5@?K20NI5<C 8 45B0;L=><C 7=0=8N B5;5A=KE ?@>F5AA>2. > 2@5<O ?5@2>3> 3>40 >1CG5=8O, B5;> -@8:A>=0 1K;> 5I5 25AL<0 A;01K<. = >4=0:> <>3 ?5@542830BLAO A ?><>ILN :>ABK;59. @0G C=825@A8B5B0 ?>@5:><5=4>20; 5<C ?@51K20=85, 2> 2@5<O :0=8:C; 2 ?>:>5, =0 A2565< 2>74CE5. 4=0:> -@8:A>= C65 70?;0=8@>- 274 "0< 65, AB@. 134-135. 275 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (red.). (1985ac). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (t. 3). Changing Children and Families, AB@. 144-147. 148 20; A?;02 =0 :0O:5 =0 1200 <8;L. ! 2 4>;;0@0<8 8 32 F5=B0<8 2 :0@<0=5, =51>;LH8< :>;8G5AB2>< >4564K 8 1>;55 G5< A:@><=K< >1>@C4>20=85< =0 1>@BC, >= =0?@028;AO 2 ?>;>28=5 8N;O 2 ?CBL 8 2 023CAB5 4>1@0;AO 4> 4><0276.  :>=F5 ?CB5H5AB28O, >= 4>18;AO 1>;LH>3> ?@8@>AB0 <0AAK B5;0 8 C:@5?;5=8O <CA:C;0BC@K 3@C48 8 ?;5G59. >7=8:H85, 2 @57C;LB0B5 1>;57=8, 8A:@82;5=8O ?>72>=>G=8:0 8AG57;8 1;03>40@O 8=B5=A82=>9 B@5=8@>2:5. 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A:>@5 ?>A;5 MB>3> >= ?>7=0:><8;AO A> A2>59 2B>@>9 65=>9 5BB8. = C2845; :0: >=0 H;0 G5@57 42>@ #M9= !B59B .=825@A8B8 8 @5H8; =0 =59 65=8BLAO. >;CG82 @072>4 >= 4>3>2>@8;AO A 5BB8. #65 18 8N=O 1936 3>40 A>AB>O;0AL A204L10. -B>B 1@0: >:070;AO 1>;55 AG0AB;82K<, C =8E @>48;>AL ?OB5@> 45B59 5BB8 -;8A, ;;0=, >15@B, >:A0==0 8 @8AB8=0. ;>97 ?@54;>68; -@8:A>=C >?B8<0;L=K5 CA;>28O, GB>1K >= <>3 ?>A2OB8BL A51O A2>8< 8=B5@5A0<. 5@54 ?@0:B8:CNI8< ?A8E80B@>< >B:@K;>AL H8@>:>5 ?>;5 45OB5;L=>AB8. ;O =53> C4>2>;LAB285< 1K;0 2>7<>6=>ABL 87CG0BL <=>3>G8A;5==K5 D>@<K G5;>25G5A:>3> >?KB0 8 ?>2545=8O, >BABC?0NI85 >B >1I5?@8=OBKE =>@<. @>- $@594><, ?@>87>H;> 87-70 >BACBAB28O CA?5E>2 2> 2@5<O 38?=>B8G5A:>9 @01>BK 2 =0G0;5 45OB5;L=>AB8 (AB@. 89 8 40;55). M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@ ?8HCB, GB> 87-70 =5B@048F8>==KE <5B>4>2, 8AA;54>20=85< :>B>@KE 70=8<0;AO -@8:A>=, 53> 2AN 687=L 0B0:>20;8 :>;;538. -B> ?@5A;54>20=85 4>H;> 4> B>9 AB5?5=8, GB> <5@8:0=A:0O 548F8=A:0O AA>F80F8O (), ?@>DA>N7 2@0G59 !>548=Q==KE (B0B>2, ?KB0;AO ;8H8BL -@8:A>=0 A2>59 ?>445@6:8 (Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1975). Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (Tom 1). 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">B 65 <5B>4 >= ?@8<5=O; 8 2 >1@0B=>< =0?@02;5=88 - =0 >A=>25 0:B>2 ?KB0OAL 0=B8F8?8@>20BL @57C;LB0BK ?A8E>;>38G5A:>3> 4803=>70, B0:8< >1@07>< 2A5 ;CGH5 ?@82K:0O 4020BL B>G=>5 >?8A0=85 ?0F85=B0 =0 >A=>25 <8=8<0;L=KE 40==KE 7-70 A>AB>O=8O 74>@>2LO, 5<C ?@8E>48;>AL 25AB8 ?@8Q< ?0F85=B>2 C A51O 4><0. 0@O4C A 0;;5@3859 : F25B>G=>9 ?K;LF5, C =53> @0728;0AL 0;;5@38O : ?K;8 8 =5:>B>@K< ?@>4C:B0< ?8B0=8O. >AB>O==> =0ABC?0;8 BO65;K5, 8=>340 ?@>4>;602H85AO =5A:>;L:> 4=59, ?@8ABC?K 1>;57=8, B@51>202H85 ?@51K20=8O 2 1>;L=8F5. 7-70 MB>3> 206=> 1K;> A>740BL, A>>B25BAB25==> >1>@C4>20==CN A@54C.  1953 3>4C -@8:A>= A=>20 BO65;> 701>;5;. > A>25BC 4@C30, >= 2K5E0; 2 5@8;5=4. = 4>;65= 1K; ?@>9B8 B>G=K5 B5ABK 2 6>=A %>?:8=A %>A?8B0;. 4=0:> ;8HL =5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 A?CABO, =52@>;>3C C40;>AL ?>AB028BL 25@=K9 4803=>7: -@8:A>= 2=>2L 701>;5; ?>;8><85;8B><. >72@0I5=85 8=D5:F88 MB>3> B8?0 =5>1KG=> 8 151 A;CG05BAO 25AL<0 @54:>, >4=0:> 2>7@0AB0NI0O ?>B5@O <KH5G=>9 <0AAK -@8:A>=><, C1548;0 2@0G59 2 MB>9 C60A=>9 38?>B575. > ?>A;54=8E 4=59 687=8, -@8:A>= AB@040; >B ?@8ABC?>2 MB>9 1>;57=8. 3> A5<LO 2A5 1>;55 >3@0=8G820;0 A2>N 687=L. =0G0;5, ?>A;5 :064>3> ?@8ABC?0 1>;57=8 -@8:A>=C C4020;>AL ?@>4>;68BL ?8A0B5;LA:CN 45OB5;L=>ABL 8 25AB8 ;5:F88.  1957 3>4C >= >A=>20; <5@8:0=A:>5 1I5AB2> ;8=8G5A:>3> 8?=>70 8 AB0; 53> ?5@2K< ?@54A540B5;5<. = B0:65 8=8F88@>20; 2>7=8:=>25=85 6C@=0;0 "The American Jornal of Clinical Hypnosis" 8 A0< 874020; 53> ?5@2K5 10 ;5B. >=B0:B -@8:A>=0 A 3@C??>9 0;> ;LB> A>AB>O;AO C65 2 =0G0;5 A>@>:>2KE 3>4>2. ">340 @53>@8 59BA>= 8 0@30@5B 84 2AB@5B8;8AL A =8<, GB>1K ?@>3>2>@8BL >1 >BA=OB>< <0B5@80;5 > ;N4OE, B0=FCNI8E 2 B@0=A5, :>B>@K9 >=8 ?@8257;8 A 0;8279.  1952 3>4C -@8:A>= ?@8=8<0; CG0AB85 2 59A8 >=D5@5=A87 >= 815@=5B8:. "0< A>2<5AB=> A @53>@8 59BA>=><, 0@30@54 84, ?A8E>0=0;8B8:>< >C@5=A>< LN18 8 4@C38<8, >= ?@8=8<0; CG0AB85 2 48A:CAA88 > 7=0G5=88 :815@=5B8:8 4;O ?A8E>B5@0?88280. 659 %59;8 2?5@2K5 CA;KH0; > -@8:A>=5 2 1963 3>4C, :>340 >=8 A>2<5AB=> A 6>=>< #8:;5=4>< =0G0;8 @01>BC C 59BA>=0, 2 @0<:0E 8AA;54>20B5;LA:>3> ?@>5:B0 2 5B5@0= 4<8=8AB@59H5= %>A?8B0; 2 0;> ;LB>. >340 %59;8 C7=0;, GB> =5:B> ?> 8<5=8 8;-B>= -@8:A>= 2545B 2 !0= $@0=F8A:> :C@AK ?> 38?=>7C, >= 70E>B5; >1O70B5;L=> 2 =8E CG0AB2>20BL.  53> C482;5=8N >:070;>AL, GB> 59BA>= 7=0; -@8:A>=0 8 <>3 ?><>GL ?>?0ABL =0 MB8 :C@AK. -@8:A>= >G0@>20; %59;8.  40;L=59H85 3>4K %59;8 8 #8:;5=4 G0AB> ?>A5I0;8 53>, GB>1K CG8BLAO C =53> 8 8A:0BL C:070=8O : A2>5<C 8AA;54>20B5;LA:><C ?@>5:BC. @5<O >B 2@5<5=8, 2 MB8E @073>2>@0E B0:65 ?@8=8<0; CG0AB85 59BA>=281. K7202H0O A5=A0F8N :=830 Uncommon Therapy (5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O) A45;0;0 -@8:A>=0 8725AB=K<, A?@>2>F8@>202 ?@8<5=5=85 53> <5B>4>2 2> <=>65AB25 :;8=8:282. !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie. In: Hypnose und Kognition. T. 5, G. 2, AB@. 1933 [>@838=0; (1982). The Contribution to Therapy of Milton H. Erickson, M. D. In: J. K. Zeig. Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psychotherapy (AB@. 526)], AB@. 19-23 (F8B. AB@. 21-22). -B>B B5:AB >A=>20= =0 4>:;045, :>B>@K9 %59;8 ?@>G8B0; ?> A;CG0N 5@2>3> =B5@=0F8>=0;L=>3> >=3@5AA0 -@8:A>=>2A:>3> 8?=>70 8 A8E>B5@0?88. 30 !@02=8B5 Rosen, S. (>@838=0;). (1985). Die Lehrgeschichten von Milton H. Erickson. Hamburg: ISKO-Press [>@838=0; (1982). My Voice Will Go with You. The Teaching Tales of Milton H. Erickson. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. AB@. 19. 81 659 %59;8 8740; 2 1985 3>4C 15A54K A -@8:A>=><, :>B>@K5 2 =0G0;5 =5 1K;8 ?@54=07=0G5=K 4;O ?C1;8:0F88 (Haley, J. (red.). (1985ac). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (t. 1). Changing Individuals; (t. 2). Changing Couples; (t. 3). Changing Children and Families. New York London: Triangle Press, distributed by W. W. Norton & Co. 1985a-1985c). -B8 :=838 O2;ONBAO F5==K< 8AB>G=8:><, 45<>=AB@8@CNI8< -@8:A>=0 2> 2@5<5=0 @0AF25B0 53> 2>7<>6=>AB59. >;LH8=AB2> 8AB>@89 ?@82>48<KE 2 ;8B5@0BC@5 > -@8:A>=5, 1K;8 @0AA:070=K 8< A0<8<. Haley, J. (1973). Uncommon Therapy. The Psychiatric Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M. D. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.; niem. (1978a). Psychotherapie Milton H. Ericksons. Miinchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer. 152  1969 3>4C, B> 5ABL 2 2>7@0AB5 68 ;5B, -@8:A>= >B:070;AO >B H8@>:><0AHB01=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, A2O70==>9 A ?CB5H5AB28O<8. 7-70 A2>53> 74>@>2LO, ?OBL ;5B A?CABO, 5<C B0:65 ?@8H;>AL 70:>=G8BL @01>BC A ?0F85=B0<8 2 A2>5< @01>G5< :018=5B5. ;03>40@O ?C1;8:0F8O< %59;8, 53> ?A8E>B5@0?52B8G5A:85 <5B>4K >1@5;8 B0:CN A;02C, GB> 53> ?>A5I0;8 <=>385 ?@0:B8:CNI85 ABC45=BK 8 B5@0?52BK. >MB><C 2 A5<845AOBK5 3>4K, >= >1CG0; ABC45=B>2 F5;K<8 3@C??0<8 C A51O 4><0.  @0<:0E MB8E A5<8=0@>2 ?@>H;>, :0: <K C65 2A?><8=0;8, 38?=>B5@0?52B8G5A:>5 >1CG5=85 8G0@40 M=4;5@0, 6>=0 @8=45@0 8 4@C38E G;5=>2 3@C??K >A=>20B5;59 283.  :>=F5 687=8, 8;B>= -@8:A>=, 87;CG0NI89 M=5@38N 2 B@84F0BKE, A>@>:>2KE 8 ?OB845AOBKE 3>40E, ?@52@0B8;AO 2 AB0@>3>, A;01>3> G5;>25:0. B@>D8O <KHF 8 CA8;820NI89AO ?0@0;8G, ?@825;8 : B><C, GB> >= A B@C4>< <>3 3>2>@8BL. = =5 <>3 :>>@48=8@>20BL 42865=8O 7@0G:>2 8 ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 <>3 ?8A0BL 8 G8B0BL. ! 1978 3>40 >= 1K; ?>;=>ABLN ?@8:>20= : :>;OA:5. 064K9 ?@8ABC? 1>;57=8 ?@8=>A8; >G5@54=>5 A>:@0I5=85 42830B5;L=KE DC=:F89, CA8;820O 1>;L. !C4>@>38 AB0;8 B0:8<8 A8;L=K<8, GB> =5:>B>@K5 <KHFK ?@>AB> @07@K20;8AL284. 0@O4C A A>02B>@AB2>< ?OB8 :=83, ?>4 :>=5F 687=8, -@8:A>= <>3 ?>E20;8BLAO B0:65 ?C1;8:0F859 A2KH5 130 AB0B59. -B0 0:B82=>ABL ?@8=5A;0 5<C HCB;82>5 ?@>728I5 8AB5@ 8?=>7. !>3;0A=> A>1AB25==K< @0AGQB0<, >= 7038?=>B878@>20; 2 A2>59 687=8 A2KH5 30000 G5;>25:. #482;5=8O 4>AB>8= D0:B B>3> GB> =8:><C =5 C40;>AL 225AB8 A0<>3> -@8:A>=0 2 A>AB>O=85 B@0=A0 85. !0< >= >4=0:> 1K; <0AB5@>< A0<>38?=>70.  ?>A;54=85 3>4K 687=8, >= ?@>2Q; <=>65AB2> 2@5<5=8, AB0@0OAL ?>:>@8BL A8;L=K5 1>;8. A;8 <K ?@54AB028< A8;C D878G5A:8E AB@040=89, :>B>@K5 ?@8E>48;>AL ?5@5=>A8BL -@8:A>=C 2AN 53> 687=L, B> OA=> ?>9<5< A:>;L:> A8; 8 B5@?5=8O AB>8;> 5<C, =5A<>B@O =0 2AQ, AB0BL A0<K< 8725AB=K< :;8=8G5A:8< B5@0?52B>< 4204F0B>3> 25:0. 25 <0@B0 1980 3>40 8;B>= -@8:A>= C<5@ 2 A2>5< 4><5 2 $5=8:A5. I5 70 =545;N 4> A<5@B8, >= ?@>2>48; A5<8=0@. 3> B5;> A>63;8, A>3;0A=> 53> 2>;5, ?@0E 1K; @0AAK?0= =04 E>;<>< 8: !:2>, :>B>@K9 1;03>40@O -@8:A>=C ?@8>1@5; ;535=40@=CN A;02C. . >@84>= %0<<>=4 2 AB0BL5 Hammond, D. !. (1986). Mythen urn Erickson und die Ericksonische Hypnose. In: Experimented und Klinische Hypnose, II, G. I, AB@. 6, ?8H5B: "!53>4=O 2A5 AG8B0NB 70 G5ABL CG8BLAO C -@8:A>=0. 065 F5=B@K 38?=>70, :>B>@K5 >?8@0NBAO =0 C:070=8O ;N459, 254H8E >AB@K5 A?>@K A -@8:A>=><, =07K20NB A51O 53> 8<5=5<, ?>;L7COAL ?@8 MB>< 53> A;02>9. 4=0:> 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 CGQ10 C 8;-B>=0 -@8:A>=0 8;8 B@5=8=3 C =53>, >7=0G05B ;8HL, B> GB> B0:>9 G5;>25: A;CH0; 53> 2<5AB5 A 3@C??>9 =5A:>;L:> 4=59. -B> >4=0:> =5 <5H05B B0:8< ;N4O< ?8A0BL :=838 > -@8:A>=>2A:>9 38?=>B5@0?88, ?>445@6820BL -@8:A>=>2A:85 B@5=8=38 8 ?>4@060BL -@8:A>=>2A:>9 8?=>B5@0?88". 284  =5AG0ABLN 1>;LH8=AB2> 72C:>70?8A59 8 :8=>?;5=>: A45;0=K 2 53> ?>74=89 ?5@8>4. >MB><C 4> A53>4=5H=53> 4=O @0A?>AB@0=Q= >1@07 -@8:A>=0, 8<5NI89 <0;> >1I53> A G5;>25:><, :>B>@K< >= 1K; =0 A0<>< 45;5 2 A2>8 0:B82=K5 3>4K. 285 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@540:F8O). (19850A). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, (t. 3). Changing Children and Families. New York London: Triangle Press, distributed by W. W. Norton & Co.. AB@. 162. 153 8G=>ABL =;B>=0 -@?:A>=0 #65 A0<0 18>3@0D8O 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0 ?>:07K205B, GB> >= 1K; =5>1K:=>25==K< G5;>25:><. ?8A0=8O ;N459, 2AB@5B82H8EAO A =8< 8 8A?KB02H8E 53> 2;8O=85, 4>:07K205B, GB> >= ?@>872>48; =0 >:@C60NI8E =5>1K:=>25==> A8;L=>5 2?5G0B;5=85. -@8:A>= 2;045; C<5=85< >G5=L A8;L=>3> ;8G=>3> 2>7459AB28O. 3> ?>O2;5=85 B0: A8;L=> 2>7459AB2>20;> =0 ;N459, GB> ?@82>48;> : A0<K< C4828B5;L=K< A;CE0< > 53> ;8G=>AB8. #B25@640;8 =0?@8<5@, GB> =0 A0<>< 45;5 >= 1K; >=>< %C0=>< 0BCA><, 87 2K7202H8E A5=A0F8N :=83 0@;>A0 0AB0=54K, ?@>254H53> 3>4K >1CG5=8O C 8=459A:>3> :>;4C=0. >; 0F;028: ?8H5B >1 MB>< 2 :=835 Die Moglichkeit des Anderssein: "!>2@5<5==K< <0AB5@>< ?@8<5=5=8O O7K:0 >1@07>2 O2;O5BAO 8;B>= -@8:A>=, 8725AB=K9 B5<, GB> =0 2>?@>A A2>8E ?0F85=B>2 (?@5645 2A53> =0 B8?8G=K9 2>?@>A: "'B> =0< 45;0BL 2 MB>9 A8BC0F88?") >B25G0; 4;8==K<8 @0AA:070<8, :070;>AL, =5 8<5NI8<8 =8G53> >1I53> A B5<>9. >8 :>;;538 8 O 4>;3>5 2@5<O AG8B0;8, GB> ?@>B>B8?>< ?5@A>=060 >=0 %C0=0 87 :=83 0@;>A0 0AB0=54K, 2 @50;L=>AB8 1K; -@8:A>=, MBC 4>304:C >= >G5=L @5H8B5;L=> (0 =5 ?@>AB> :>A25==K< >1@07><, @0AA:07K20O 8AB>@88) >B@8F0; . 659 %59;8, 87CG02H89 =5A:>;L:> ;5B @01>BC -@8:A>=0, B0: >?8AK205B A2>8 2?5G0B;5=8O > ;8G=>9 M<0=0F88 -@8:A>=0: "/ >?C1;8:>20; <=>65AB2> <0B5@80;0 > B5@0?88 -@8:A>=0, >4=0:> >= A0< >AB05BAO 4;O <5=O <8AB8G5A:>9 ;8G=>ABLN. 5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> O 2AB@5G0;AO A =8< =5A:>;L:> ;5B, O =8:>340 =5 <>3 53> ?>=OBL ?>;=>ABLN.  B5G5=85 A>B5= G0A>2, ?@>2545==KE 2 A>2<5AB=KE @073>2>@0E, O 0=0;878@>20; 53> 687=L 8 @01>BC, => =5A<>B@O =0 MB> 7=0N 53> <5=LH5 ;N459, A :>B>@K<8 O 2AB@5B8;AO 7=0G8B5;L=> ?>765. [...] -@8:A>= =5 1K; B08=AB25==K<, 5A;8 MB> :0A0;>AL 53> @01>BK. 5@>OB=>, >= 1K; =081>;55 >B:@KBK< B5@0?52B><, 8725AB=K< <8@C. [...] 064><C 8=B5@5ACNI5<CAO, >= 4020; I54@>9 @C:>9 <=>3>5 87 A51O 8 A2>53> 7=0=8O. 5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> >=, A C4>2>;LAB285< 3>2>@8; > B><, GB> =C6=> 5I5 <=>3><C CG8BLAO, >= =5 ?KB0;AO 1KBL =5?@>=8F05<K< 8 70304>G=K<. = AB0@0;AO C?@>I0BL A2>8 8458, C?@>I0O 8E B0:, GB>1K :064K9 <>3 8E ?>=OBL. '0AB> >= >ICI0; D@CAB@0F8N, :>340 53> 8458, <=>385 87 =0A, ?>=8<0;8 ;8HL G0AB8G=>. [...] !0<>5 1>;LH>5 <0AB5@AB2> -@8:A>=0, A>AB>O;> 2 :>A25==>< 2;8O=88 =0 ;N459. 7-70 MB>3>, <=>385 GC2AB2>20;8 A51O =5 286 Watzlawick, . (1977). Die Moglichkeiten des Andersseins. Zur Technik der therapeu-tischen Kommunikation. Bern Stuttgart Toronto: Huber Verlag, AB@. 49. 154 ?> A515 2 53> ?@8ACBAB288. 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[...] / AG8B0N, GB> MB> AG0AB;82K9 A;CG09, :>340 ?@8 53> 3>B>2=>AB8 : ?@8<5=5=8N 2;0AB8 8 65;0=88 ?@>2>48BL 87<5=5=8O, >= 1K; 4>1@K< G5;>25:><. A;8 1K B0:0O A?>A>1=>ABL 2>7459AB28O 1K;0 8A?>;L7>20=0 4;O =530B82=KE F5;59, @57C;LB0BK <>3;8 1K 1KBL B@038G5A:8<8. -@8:A>= 1K; =5 B>;L:> 4>1@K< >= 1K; B0:65 ?>AB>O==> 3>B>2 ?><>GL >:@C60NI8<, :0: 2 A2>5< :018=5B5 B0: 8 70 53> ?@545;0<8"288. "0:65 8@468=8O !0B8@, :>B>@0O ?>7=0:><8;0AL A -@8:A>-=>< 2> 2@5<O 53> 2878B>2 2 Mental Research Institute, ?>4B25@6405B A;>20 %59;8. =0 ?@87=0QB, GB> 2=0G0;5 -@8:A>= 2K7K20; C =55 87 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 19. 288 "0< 65, AB@. 22-23. 155 AB@0E. # =55 1K;> C15645=85, GB> 53> ?>O2;5=85 2K7K205B =5AG0ABL5 8 A>7405B ?@>1;5<K >:@C60NI8<. !;CE8 > =Q< ?@>1C640;8 2 =59 =5?@8OB=>5 GC2AB2>. =0 =5 <>3;0 ?@8<8@8BAO A B5<, GB> >= 38?=>B878@>20;, ?@>2>4O 2;8O=85 =0 ;N459, 157 8E A>3;0A8O 8 7=0=8O >1 MB><. 8HL ?>74=55, :>340 >=0 C7=0;0 53> ;CGH5, >=0 ?>=O;0, GB> 2 ?@8=F8?5 >=8 A -@8:A>=>< ?>E>68 4@C3 =0 4@C30. 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right, E. . (1982). The Sexual Therapy of Milton H. Erickson: A Ministry of Healing. In: J. K. Zeig. Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psychotherapy (AB@. 181-189). G5=L 8=B5@5A=K B0:65 2 MB>< :>=B5:AB5 8AG5@?K20NI85 @5H5=8O !84=5O >75=0: Rosen, S. (1982). The Values and Philosophy of Milton H. Erickson. In: J. K. Zeig (@540:F8O) Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psy-chotherapiy (AB@. 462-476). New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers 8 Rosen, S. (1985). Phi-losophie und Wertesysteme Milton H. Ericksons. In: B. Peter (@540:F8O). Hypnose und Hyp-notherapie nach Milton H. Erickson. Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder (AB@. 98-110). >75= AB0@05BAO =01@>A0BL >A=>2=K5 C15645=8O 8 ;8G=K5 A8AB5<K F5==>AB8 -@8:A>=0, ?@>87254H85 @5H0NI55 2;8O=85 =0 53> B5@0?52B8G5A:CN ?@0:B8:C 8 5Q F5;8. 291 !@02=8B5 . . >;L15@3, ABC?;5=85 2: 6. . 593 "AB@5G8 A -@8:A>=><. 5>1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25:, =5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O" AB@. 78. 292 "0< 65, AB@. 17. 156 65AB:>3> @0745;5=8O =0 G0AB=CN 8 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=CN AD5@C. A;8 MB>3> B@51>20;> ;5G5=85, >= A>?@>2>640; ?0F85=B0 2 <8@, 2=5 :018=5B0. 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"0:65 15A:>@KAB=> >= ?>445@6820; ABC45=B>2, 65;0NI8E CG8BLAO C =53>. -B> 1K;> B8?8G=> 4;O -@8:A>=0. = >B=>A8;AO : B><C =5<=>3>G8A;5==><C B8?C ;N459, :>B>@K5 AG8B0NB, GB> 4>;6=K ?@5645 2A53> 40;LH5 A>25@H5=AB2>20BL A2>N =0CG=CN 48AF8?;8=C 8 ;8HL ?>B><, 2> 2B>@CN >G5@54L, 70=8<0NBAO A2>8<8 M:>=><8G5A:8<8 8=B5@5A0<8. 65DD@8 . 593 =0 ?5@2>< =5<5F:>O7KG=>< :>=3@5AA5, ?>4 B8BC;>< Kongress fur Hypnose und Hypnoterapie nach Milton H. Erickson 3>2>@8;: "-@8:A>= =8:>340 =5 B@51>20; >B <5=O 3>=>@0@0, 70 2A5 ?@>2545==>5 A =8< 2@5<O. # <5=O =5 1K;> 45=53, 0 C =53> 1K; B0:>9 AB8;L, GB> >= =8G53> =5 B@51>20; A ?0F85=B>2 8 ABC45=B>2, 5A;8 >=8 =5 <>3;8 70?;0B8BL. / ?5@5=O; ?@0:B8:C -@8:A>=0, ?>A:>;L:C 7=0; 53> @0==8E ?0F85=B>2. ! <>B828@>20==KE ?0F85=B>2, =5 8<5NI8E 45=53, >?;0B0 B0:65 =5 278<0;0AL.  ?0F85=B0<, :>B>@K5 =5 <>3;8 70?;0B8BL ?>;=K9 3>=>@0@ >= ?@8<5=O; A:84:8"294. !> ABC45=B>2, ?>A5I02H8E A5<8=0@K, -@8:A>= 1@0; ;8HL 4 4>;;0@0 70 G0A. = 3>2>@8;, GB> B5, C :>3> 45=53 <=>3>, <>3CB 70?;0B8BL 1>;LH5, 2 B> 2@5<O :0: 4@C385 8<5NI85 =5<=>3>, 4>;6=K ?@>AB> ?;0B8BL <5=LH5. =0=85 1K;> 4;O =53> B5<, G5< =5>1E>48<> 45;8BLAO, 0 =5 B>20@>< =0 ?@>406C . A;8 A53>4=O <K ?>A<>B@8< 6. %59;8, 5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O. "5@0?52B8G5A:85 B5E=8:8 8;B>=0 -@8:A>=0, AB@ 10. 294 Zeig, J. . (1985). Erfahrungen mit Milton H. Erickson: Eigentherapie, Supervision und Fallgeschichten. In: B. Peter (@540:F8O) Hypnose und Hypnotherapie nach Milton H. 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Wolberg), @01>B0NI89 2 LN->@:5 :>;;530 -@8:A>=0, >?8A0; M?87>4, :>B>@K9 A>3;0A=> 5<C, 1K; B8?8G=K< 4;O -@8:A>=0. #>;15@3 157CA?5H=> ?KB0;AO 7038?=>B878@>20BL <>;>4>3> <C6G8=C, :>340 A;CG09=> ?@8H5; -@8:A>=. >;>4>9 G5;>25: C65 A @0==53> 45BAB20 ?>425@30;AO ?A8E>B5@0?52B8G5A:><C ;5G5=8N 8 AC<5; ?@825AB8 2 A<OB5=85 <=>38E ?A8E>0=0;8B8:>2, ?>2545=G5A:8E B5@0?52B>2 8 38?=>B5@0?52B>2. #>;15@3 B0:65,2 B5G5=85 =5A:>;L:8E <5AOF52 157CA?5H=> ?KB0;AO 225AB8 53> 2 A>AB>O=85 B@0=A0. BG0O2H8AL, >= >1@0B8;AO : -@8:A>=C, A?@0H820O A<>65B ;8 B>B 7038?=>B878@>20BL ?0F85=B0. -@8:A>= ?@8=O; 2K7>2. = ?5@5H5; A ?0F85=B>< 2 A>A54=55 ?><5I5=85. @5<O >B 2@5<5=8 #>;15@3 703;O4K20; BC40, ?@>25@OO, GB> B0< ?@>8AE>48B. = C2845; B>, GB> 8 >6840; - ?0F85=B, MB> 1K;> 70<5B=>, =0A;0640;AO A2>8< A>?@>B82;5=85<, 1K; 2>71C645==K< 8 C;K10;AO -@8:A>=C. 4=0:> : C482;5=8N #>;15@30, G5@57 420 G0A0 -@8:A>=C C40;>AL 225AB8 ?0F85=B0 2 A>AB>O=85 B@0=A0.  MB>< A>AB>O=88, ?>A;54=89 8A?KB0; 30;;NF8=0F88 @07;8G=KE >1J5:B>2, 725@59. >A;5 MB>3> >?KB0 ?0F85=B A8;L=> 87<5=8;AO, 2?5@2K5 >= ?5@5AB0; A51O :>=B@>;8@>20BL. "5?5@L >B:@K;>AL, :0:>9 >3@><=K9 AB@0E >= >ICI0; 2 3;C18=5 A2>59 4CH8. >A;5 B>3> :0: 1K; ?@>;><0= ?5@2K9 ;54, #>;15@3C C40;>AL 2ABC?8BL A =8< 2 >G5=L ?;>4>B2>@=K9 :>=B0:B.  :>=F5 :>=F>2, >= A<>3 871028BL 53> >B A8<?B><>2. !8;L=>5 C15645=85 -@8:A>=0 2 B><, GB> >= 4>1L5BAO A2>59 F5;8, >?OBL ?>1548;> . I5 >4=>9 C4828B5;L=>9 G5@B>9 E0@0:B5@0 -@8:A>=0 1K;> B>, GB> :070;>AL, 4;O =53> =5 206=>, :0: ?@8=8<0NB 53> >:@C60NI85. <C 1K;> 2A5 @02=>, :>340 ?0F85=BK ?@>:;8=0;8 53>, 70 B> GB> >= Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 9. !@02=8B5 6. . 593 "AB@5G8 A -@8:A>=><. 5>1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25:, =5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O" AB@. 9. 159 =07=0G0; 8< =081>;55 =5?@8OB=K5 7040=8O, 4;O >A2>1>645=8O 8E >B A8<?B><>2. <C 1K;> 4>AB0B>G=> C4>2;5B2>@5=8O >B CA?5H=>9 ?><>I8 8 2A5 @02=>, GB> 4C<0NB > =5< >:@C60NI85. 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"5?5@L >= 1K; O2=> 3>B>2 ?>ABC?8BL A>3;0A=> ?5@2><C ?>?02H5<CAO 2=CH5=8N, :>B>@>5 1C45B 5<C ?@54;>65=> 4;O 7025@H5=8O MB>9 =5?@8OB=>9 A8BC0F88. >340 -@8:A>= 702O70; H=C@:8 =0 2B>@>< 1>B8=:5, >= A:070;: "@>AB> 3;C1>:> 274>E=8B5, AO4LB5 =0 MB>B ABC;, 70:@>9B5 3;070 8 2>948B5 2 3;C1>:89 B@0=A" 5C25@5==> 8 <54;5==> <C6G8=0 70=O; ABC;, >= 274>E=C;, 70:@K; 3;070 8 2A:>@5 2>H5; 2 A><=0<1C;8G5A:89 B@0=A. -@8:A>= ?@>45<>=AB@8@>20; <=>65AB2> 38?=>B8G5A:8E O2;5=89 8 ?>A;5 ?@>1C48; <C6G8=C, 4020O 5<C ?5@54 MB8< ?>AB38?=>B8G5A:>5 2=CH5=85, GB>1C ?>A;5 ?@>1C645=8O >= 256;82> A?@>A8; -@8:A>=0, :>340 B>B E>G5B =0G0BL 38?=>7"!. ! >BACBAB285< AB@0E0 ?5@54 >1I5AB25==K< <=5=85<, 1K; A8;L=> A2O70= 8=B5@5A -@8:A>=0 : M:A?5@8<5=B0<, ?@>2>48<K<8 2 5AB5AB25==KE >1I5AB25==KE A8BC0F8OE. = ?@>2>48; >?KBK, B> ?@8E>4OI85 5<C 2 3>;>2C A?>=B0==>, B> @0=55 70?;0=8@>20==K5 8 C?>@O4>G5==K5. %59;8 2A?><8=05B: Erickson, M. . (1964). The Confunsion Technique in Hypnosis. In: The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 6,AB@. 183-207 [B0:65 (1980a). In: E. L. Rossi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A5 G5@BK ;8G=>AB8 -@8:A>=0, =0@O4C A ?@8<5=O5<K<8 B5E=8:0<8, C:@5?8;8 53> A;02C =081>;55 CA?5H=>3> 8 =>20B>@A:>3> B5@0?52B0 4204F0B>3> 25:0. 5@0 2 53> @01>BC 1K;0 A8;L=>9, ?>B><C GB> >= A0< 1K; 682K< ?@8<5@>< B>3>, :0: 2 BO65;59H8E CA;>28OE <>6=> @04>20BLAO 687=8 8 1KBL ?>;=K< N<>@0 G5;>25:><. 0F85=BK G0AB> ?@8E>48;8 : =5<C A >3@><=K<8 AB@040=8O<8. =8 GC2AB2>- 301 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 25-26. 161 20;8 - >= 7=05B > GQ< 3>2>@8B, ?@84020O 8< >B203C, GB>1K >=8 <>3;8 27OBL 687=L 2 A2>8 @C:8. >15@B 8;BA 2 :=835 Changing Belief Systems with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B5>@5B8G5A:89 ?@03<0B87< -@8:A>=0 0: 4>:07K205B 65DD@8 593 2 A2>59 :=835 Experiencing Ericrson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A;8 1K;0 2>7<>6=>ABL, >= AB0@0;AO ?@>25AB8 ;5G5=85 :0: <>6=> 1KAB@55. -B>, >4=0:>, =5 <5H0;> 5<C 4>;385 3>4K A;548BL 70 ?0F85=B><306. @5<O >B45;L=KE :>=AC;LB0F89, ?> <5@5 2>7<>6=>AB8, B0:65 =5 >?@545;O;>AL 70@0=55. @5645 2A53>, MB> 7028A5;> >B 7040G8, :>B>@CN =5>1E>48<> 1K;> @5H8BL 2> 2@5<O 2AB@5G8. 305 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag 383 Psychotherapie, AB@. 28. 306 !@02=8B5 6. . 593 "AB@5G8 A -@8:A>=><. 5>1K:=>25==K9 G5;>25:, =5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O" AB@. 28. 164 -@8:A>= =5 1>O;AO, =5A<>B@O =0 @0A?@>AB@0=5==K9 <8D, A>25@H5==> =5?>A@54AB25==> 2<5H820BLAO 2 ;8G=CN 687=L ?0F85=B>2307. 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(1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie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tahl, T. (1981). Das Konzept  Widerstand" in der Psychotherapie Milton Ericksons, in der Kommunikationstherapie und im Neurolinguistischen Programmieren. In: H. Petzold. Wiederstand ein strittiges Konzept in der Psychotherapie (AB@. 427-467). -B0 :=830 A>45@68B >17>@ B5>@89 B5@0?52B>2 > A>?@>B82;5=88. -B> =0AB>OI0O :>?8;:0 8=D>@<0F88 4;O :064>3>, 65;0NI53> ?>;CG8BL OA=K9 >1@07 15A?>@O4:0 A?5:C;OB82=KE ?A8E>B5@0?52B8G5A:8E :>=F5?F89. 312 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (1978b). Gemeinsamer Nenner Interaktion. Strategien der Psychotherapie. Miinchen: Verlag J. Pfeiffer [>@838=0; (1963). Strategies of Psychotherapy. New York: Grune & Stratton], AB@. 74. 167 O ?>=O;, GB> BCB 8<55B <5AB> 15AF5;L=>5 A>?@>B82;5=85, B> @5H8; 40BL B5;Q=:C H0=A ?@>45<>=AB@8@>20BL 53>. >A:>;L:C >= O2=> 65;0; MB>3>, O ?@8<5=8; =0 B5;5=:5 ?@8=F8? 42>9=>9 A2O7:8. / AE20B8; 53> 70 E2>AB 8 AB0; BO=CBL 2 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>< =0?@02;5=88, 2 B> 2@5<O :0: <>9 >B5F 2A5 5I5 ?KB0;AO 2B>;:=CBL 53> 2 ?><5I5=85. 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"0:>9 273;O4 -@8:A>=0 =8A:>;L:> =5 8AE>48; 87 01A>;NB=> >?B8<8AB8G5A:>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O. = =5 B>;L:> B0: AG8B0;, >= B0:65 68; A>3;0A=> MB8< C15645=8O<. 3> 4>25@85 15AA>7=0B5;L=K< ?@>F5AA0< >?8@0;>AL =0 A>1AB25==K9 687=5==K9 >?KB. 65DD@8 593 >?8AK205B A?>A>1, A ?><>ILN :>B>@>3> -@8:A>= ?>1548; A2>8 A8;L=K5 1>;8: >= 2E>48; 2 B@0=A 8 ?@>A8; A2>5 15AA>7=0B5;L=>5 40BL 5<C E>@>H55 =0AB@>5=85.  :>=F5 >= A;54>20; 70 CA;KH0==K<8 ?>4A:07:0<8. @8 MB>< >= =5 @50;87>2K- Freud, Z. (1977). Vorlesungen zur Einfiihrung in die Psychoanalyse. Frankfurt: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, AB@. 140. 31 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 29. 170 20; A>7=0B5;L=> 70?;0=8@>20==K5 F5;8, ?>44020OAL 8<?C;LA0<, 2KB5:0NI8< 87 15AA>7=0B5;L=>3>. 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MB>< :>=B5:AB5, 8=B5@5A=> >?8A0=85 B5E=8:8, A ?><>ILN :>B>@>9 B>;B5:AB:89 :>;4C= 2K18@0; B5<C 4;O A=0.  :=835 0@;>A0 0AB0=54K >= %C0= 0BCA B0: >?8AK205B A2>9 <5B>4 CG5=8:C: "1JOA=5=85 <03>2, :0A0NI55AO 2K1>@0 B5< A=>2845=8O 3>2>@8B, GB> 2>8=, 2 B>B <><5=B, :>340 >AB0=02;8205B 2=CB@5==89 480;>3, F5;5=0?@02;5==> C45@68205B 40==K9 >1@07 2 A>7=0=88 [...]. / C25@5=, GB> BK 45;0; MB>, E>BO 8 =5 A>7=020;". Castaneda, !. (1974) Tales of Power/ New York: Simon & Schuster; AB@. 19. 171 >AE8B8B5;L=> B>, GB> B0:85 @5H5=8O 8 A2O70==K5 A =8<8 A=K, >= >A>7=020; G0AB> ;8HL :>340 2=5H=85 CA;>28O 4>?CA:0;8 CA?5H=>5 @5H5=85 40==>9 7040G8. =>385 53> AB0BL8, :0: 3>2>@8; -@8:A>=, 2>7=8:;8 8<5==> B0: . 0 MB8E ?@8<5@0E OA=> 284=>, GB> 273;O4 -@8:A>=0 =0 15AA>7=0B5;L=>5 A8;L=> >B;8G0;8AL >B >1JOA=ONI59 :>=F5?F88 $@5940. @54AB02;5=8O -@8:A>=0 1;865 ?@8=F8?0< 845><>B>@=>3> 42865=8O, =0?@8<5@ 42865=8N <0OB=8:0 8;8 @01>B5 A =5>A>7=0==K<8 42865=8O<8 ?0;LF52. !>3;0A=> MB><C, 15AA>7=0B5;L=>5 G5;>25:0, MB> 3;02=K< >1@07>< ?A8E>D878G5A:85 ?@>F5AAK, ?@>B5:0NI85 2=5 A>7=0B5;L=>3> 2=8<0=8O ;8G=>AB8321. -B8 ?@>F5AAK O2=> ?@>ABC?0NB 2 <8<>2>;L=KE, C?@02;O5<KE 15AA>7=0B5;L=K< 42865=8OE, 0 B0:65, :0: ?>AB>O==> ?>4G5@:820;8 M=4;5@ 8 @8=45@, 2 ?>41>@5 A;>2 8 D@07, 2 >?@545;5==KE A8BC0F8OE. !>3;0A=> MB8< 273;O40<, 25@10;L=K5 8 =525@10;L=K5 A@54AB20 2K@065=8O =5 A;CG09=K, 0 O2;ONBAO @57C;LB0B>< ?@8=OB8O 15AA>7=0B5;L=KE @5H5=89. "0:8< >1@07><, >=8 AB0=>2OBAO F5;K<, 87 =081>;55 ACI5AB25==KE 8AB>G=8:>2 8=D>@<0F88 > :;85=B5, :>B>@K5 8<55B B5@0?52B. >MB><C =5 A;CG09=>, GB> B>G=>5 @0A?>7=0=85 8 >F5=:0 25@10;L=KE 8 =525@10;L=KE ?0BB5@=>2 :><<C=8:0F88 MB> =08206=59H55 C<5=85, :0:8< 4>;65= 2;045BL B5@0?52B. 73;O4K -@8:A>=0 =0 ACI5AB2> 15AA>7=0B5;L=KE ?@>F5AA>2, >1JOA=ONB B0:65 ?>G5<C >= >B@8F0; <5B>4K B5@0?88, >A=>20==K5 =0 A>7=0B5;L=>< 8=A09B5. 5AA>7=0B5;L=K5 ?@>F5AAK 45<>=AB@8@CNB ?>AB>O==> 2>72@0I0NI85AO ?0BB5@=K 8 ?>MB><C >G5284=>, GB> >=8 ?>425@65=K ?@028;0<. =8<0B5;L=K9 =01;N40B5;L =5 <>65B =5 70<5B8BL 8E. >MB><C ;8HL @57C;LB0B>< 7=0=8O 8A:CAAB20 8 ;>2:>AB8 B5@0?52B0, 1C45B 2K7>2 B0:>3> 87<5=5=8O MB8E ?@>F5AA>2, GB>1K 157 A>7=0B5;L=>3> CA8;8O :;85=B0 >=8 ?@825;8 : 65;05<K< @57C;LB0B0<322. !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@540:F8O). (19850A). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (B>< 3), AB@. 163-164. >?>;=8B5;L=0O 2>AE8B8B5;L=0O 8=D>@<0F8O > >?KB5 0CB>38?=>-70 -@8:A>=0, =0E>48BAO 2 AB0BL5, >?C1;8:>20==>9 -@8:A>=>< 8 >AA8 2 Erickson, . ., Rossi, E. L. (1977). Autohypnotic Experiences of Milton H. Erickson. In: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 20, AB@. 36-54 [(1980a). In: E. L. Rossi (AB@. 108-132)]. 321 !@02=8B5 Erickson, M. H., Rossi, E. L. (1975). Varietes of Double Bind. In: The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 17, AB@. 412-429 [(1980a). In: E. L. 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[...] -@8:A>= 70=O; 01A>;NB=> ?@>B82>?>;>6=CN B>G:C 7@5=8O, ?>AB@>82 A2>N B5@0?8N :0: @07 =0 A8<?B><0E. = 4>:070;, GB> AB@C:BC@0 E0@0:B5@0 87<5=O5BAO, ?>A@54AB2>< :>=F5=B@0F88 B5@0?88 =0 A?5F8D8G5A:>9 ?@>1;5<5. > 53> A;>20<, A8<?B>< :0: CE20B 4;O 3>@H:0 -5A;8 53> C4>1=> 45@60BL 2 ;04>=8, B> <>6=> ;53:> C?@02;OBL 3>@H:><. = CG8;, GB> =5 AB>8B 83=>@8@>20BL A8<?B><, 0 =C6=> 70<5G0BL 2A5 53> 0A?5:BK. > 2@5<O 0=0;870 G0AB>BK ?@>O2;5=8O, 8=B5=A82=>AB8 8 B.4. !8<?B>< ?@52@0I05BAO 2 =5GB>, GB> <K <>65< 2845BL, :0: MB> 8<55B <5AB>, 2 A;CG05 2A5E 0A?5:B>2 687=8 G5;>25:0. "5@0?52BK, 83=>@8@CNI85 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 29-30. 324 !@02=8B5 B0:65 Havens, R. A. (1987). The Future Orientation of Milton H. Erickson: A Fundamental Perspective for Brief Therapy. In: S. R. Lankton (@540:F8O). Central Themes and Principles of Ericksonian Therapy. New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers. 325 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@54.). (1985ac). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (B>< 2), AB@. 10-11. 326 4=0:> 8=>340 -@8:A>= A0< AB0@0;AO, GB>1K ?@>87>H;> ?5@5<5I5=85 A8<?B><0. A;8 =0?@8<5@, =5:89 A8<?B>< ?@8=>A8; ?>;L7C :;85=BC, B> 2 >?@545;Q==KE CA;>28OE, -@8:A>= 70<5=O; 53> 2 B5G5=88 B@0=A0 4@C38< >1@07F><, 8A?>;=ONI8< BC 65 F5;L, >4=0:> =5 >3@0=8G820NI8< :;85=B0 (A@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@54.). (19850A). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson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A;8 <>6=> @0AA;018BLAO 2 20==5, ?>G5<C =5;L7O A45;0BL MB> 2KABC?0O ?5@54 ?C1;8:>9?328 !84=59 >75= B0: ?8H5B >1 MB><: " 0AA:07K20O 8AB>@8N, -@8:A>= 22>48B =>2K5 40==K5, =>2K5 GC2AB20 8 2K7K205B =>2K5 ?5@56820=8O. 0F85=B, 4>;3>5 2@5<O AB@0402H89 >B A8;L=>3> GC2AB20 28=K 8 >3@0=8G820NI8E 273;O4>2 =0 687=L, 2>7<>6=>, 1;03>40@O MB8< @0AA:070<, ?>7=0:><8BAO A> A2>1>4=>9 8 687=5CB25@640NI59 D8;>A>D859 -@8:A>=0. 3> A?>A>1 2845BL 687=L 4>E>48B 4> @07;8G=KE C@>2=59 ;8G=>AB8, B0:65 8 4> 15AA>7=0B5;L=>3>. 3> ?@54AB02;ONB ?0F85=BC, :0: 2 A>AB>O=88 1>4@AB2>20=8O, B0: 8 2> 2@5<O 38?=>70.  B>340, 1KBL <>65B, ?0F85=B ?>9<5B, GB> 5<C =5 =C6=> ?>;030BLAO ;8HL =0 A>1AB25==K5, >1KG=K5, ?>2B>@ONI85AO 4@C3 70 4@C3>< ?0BB5@=K <KH;5=8O. <C =5B =C64K >3@0=8G820BLAO A>1AB25==>9 C7:>9 D8- Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 28-29. 328 !@02=8B5 Lankton, S. R., Lankton, C, H. (1983). The Answer Within. A Clinical Framework of Ericksonian Hypnotherapy. New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers, AB@. 13. 175 ;>A>D859 8 A2>8<8 >3@0=8G5==K<8 4CE>2=K<8 ?@>3@0<<0<8. ! ?><>ILN MB8E @0AA:07>2, >= G0AB8G=> >A>7=05B =0;8G85 =>2KE 2>7<>6=>AB59, :>B>@K5 <>6=> A>25@H5==> A2>1>4=> ?@8=OBL 8;8 >B1@>A8BL, :0: A>7=0B5;L=> B0: 8 15AA>7=0B5;L=>"329. >;L70 >B <5B0D>@8G5A:>9 :><<C=8:0F88 O2=0O - @0AA:07K =5 =0=>AOB 2@540. =8 ?@8:>2K20NB A>7=0B5;L=>5 2=8<0=85 8 ?>445@6820NB GC2AB2> =57028A8<>AB8 :;85=B0. ;85=BK A0<8 <>3CB ?@840BL A?5F8D8G5A:89 A<KA; 8=D>@<0F88, A:@KB>9 2 @0AA:075. 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(>@838=0;). (1985). Die Lehrgeschichten von Milton H. Erickson. Hamburg: ISKO-Press [>@838=0; (1982). My Voice Will Go with You. The Teaching Tales of Milton H. Erickson. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.], AB@. 29-30 330 !@02=8B5 B0< 65, AB@. 34. >75= 745AL AAK;05BAO =0 22>4=CN 3;02C 2: Zeig, J. . (1985b). Meine Stimme begleitet Sie uberallhin. Ein Lehrseminar mit Milton H. Erickson. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta [>@838=0; (1980). A Teaching Seminar with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. New York: Brunner, Mazel Publishers], AB@.32-56. 331 Die Lehrgeschichten von Milton H. 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B@5B89 1K; C15645=, GB> >10 =8G53> =5 ?>=O;8, ?>A:>;L:C 8AB>@8O >B=>A8;0AL 8<5==> : 53> >?KBC. :070;>AL, GB> 2A5 2 3@C??5 1K;8 C15645=K, GB> -@8:A>= A?5F80;L=> 4;O =8E A>740; 40==CN <5B0D>@C. [...] 5:>B>@K5 87 MB8E 8AB>@89 O A;KH0; !@02=8B5 . %0<<>=4, F8B8@C5<0O @01>B0, AB@. 10. 333 "0< 65, AB@. 7. 334 G5=L 682>5 2?5G0B;5=85 > =5>1K:=>25==>< AB8;5 >1CG5=8O -@8:A>=0, ?5@540QB 70?8AL >4=>3> 87 A5<8=0@>2, >?C1;8:>20==0O 65DD@8 593>< (Zeig, J. . (1985b). Meine Stimme begleitet Sie uberallhin. Ein Lehrseminar mit Milton H. Erickson). -B0 :=830 >G5=L E>@>H> ?@54AB02;O5B ;8G=>ABL -@8:A>=0, :0:>3> 7=0;8 8G0@4 M=4;5@, 6>= @8=45@, >15@B 8;BA, 5284 >@4>=, !B82 8;;835= 8 4@C385 2 =0G0;5 A5<845AOBKE. 177 C65 <=>3> ;5B =0704 8 :>=5G=> ?@5:@0A=> 7=0;, GB> >=8 1K;8 A>740=K B>;L:> 4;O <5=O"335. -@8:A>=, B0:8< >1@07><, 2;045; C<5=85< ?>4>9B8 : <>45;8 <8@0 :>;;53 8 :;85=B>2, >BBC40 =02>4O 8E =0 A?>A>1 @5H5=8O B@C4=>AB59336. = =5 AB@5<8;AO : B><C, GB>1K 45;0BL ;N459 C<=55 8 A>7=0B5;L=55. 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B>9 ?>@K, -@8:A>= 2=8<0B5;L=> A;548;, GB>1K 2A5340 >1E>48BL ":0?:0=", 2> 2@5<O 2878B0 65=I8=K. #:@5?82, B0:8< >1@07><, 273;O4K ?0F85=B:8, -@8:A>= A?@>A8; 5Q E>B5;0 1K >=0 8<5BL A2>8E <>;>4KE <C6G8= 2A5340 ?@8 A515 8;8 B>;L:> 2 >?@545;5==KE A8BC0F8OE. = A0< =0?@8<5@, >3@><- Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 20. !<KA; <5B>40 -@8:A>=0 >G5=L =0?><8=05B 845N, :>B>@CN ?@8?8AK20NB 3=0B8N >9>;5, >A=>20B5;N >@45=0 57C8B>2: "! :064K< G5;>25:>< O 2E>6C 2 53> 425@8, GB>1K 2K25AB8 53> A2>8<8". 337 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@54.). (19850A). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, . D. (B>< 1), 3;020 9. 178 =>5 2=8<0=85 C45;O5B B><C, GB>1K 53> 3>;K5 452CH:8 =5 E>48;8 70 =8< 2 4@C385 :><=0BK. 074@060BL B0:8< >1@07>< 65=C, 1K;> 1K :@09=5 =565;0B5;L=>. @><5 B>3> =5:>B>@K< ?0F85=B0< 53> 452CH:8 =5 =@02OBAO.  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A;8 65=I8=0 =5 45;0;0 42865=85 A 1>;LH8< @07<0E>< =04 3@C4O<8, -@8:A>= ?@8E>48; : 2K2>4C, GB> >=0 459AB28B5;L=> =>A8B 2:;04KH8. >7<>6=> >= ?>765 8A?>;L7>20; MBC 8=D>@<0F8N 4;O B>3> GB>1K 2K720BL =5:89 =5>6840==K9 MDD5:B . Zeig. J. . (1985). Erfahrungen mit Milton H. Erickson: Eigentherapie, Supervision und Fallgeschichten. In: B. Peter (red.) Hypnose und Hypnotherapie nach Milton H. Erickson (AB@. 125). !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (@54.). (1985ac). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. (B>< 1), AB@. 5. 180 I5 >4=8< C?@06=5=85<, :>B>@>5 >= B0:65 @5:><5=4>20;, 1K;> =01;N45=85 70 2>48B5;O<8, =0E>4OI8<8AO 5I5 =0 =5:>B>@>< @0AAB>O=88 >B ?5@5:@5AB:0. = CB25@640;, GB> =0 >A=>25 8E 42865=89 <>6=> ?@54A:070BL, ?>25@=CB >=8 =0;52> 8;8 =0?@02>, 8;8 65 ?>54CB ?@O<>. "0:65 ?5@5<5=K 2 @0AH8@5=88 7@0G:>2, F25B0 :>68, ?C;LA0 (:>B>@K9 <>6=> =01;N40BL =0 H55) 8 =51>;LH85 87<5=5=8O 2 =0?@O65=88 <KHF ;8F0 8;8 B5;0, <>3CB 40BL B5@0?52BC F5==K5 C:070=8O. 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In: B. peter (3@54.) Hypnose und Hypnotherapie nach Milton H. Erickson, AB@. 126. 345 !@02=8B5 Haley, J. (1988). Milton H. Ericksons Beitrag zur Psychotherapie, AB@. 25. !@02=8B5 6. 593, "AB@5G8 A -@8:A>=><. 5>1K:=>25==K9 G5?>25:, =5>1K:=>25==0O B5@0?8O", AB@. 25. 182 A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> <5B>4 -@8:A>=0 >1;040; B0:65 A8AB5<=K< E0@0:B5@><, >= >B@8F0; MB8 B5>@88, AG8B0O, GB> >=8 87;8H=5 CA;>6=ONB B5@0?52B8G5A:89 ?@>F5AA.  :@C3 53> 8=B5@5A>2 =5 2E>48;8 B5>@5B8G5A:85 >1JOA=5=8O ?@8G8= ?>445@60=8O ?0B>;>38G5A:>3> status quo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aley, J. (@54.). (19850A). Conversations with Milton H. Erickson, M. D. 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