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">B, :B> G5@54C5B >1I5=85 A C548=5=85<, :0: ?@028;>, ?>=8<05B, GB> B2>@G5AB2> 2>A?@8=8<05BAO >:@C60NI8<8 8 4>1@>65;0B5;L=> 8 :@8B8G5A:8. !10;0=A8@>20==K5 >B=>H5=8O B2>@G5AB2> 2> 2A5< / 2 >4=>< :>@@5;8@CNB A> A10;0=A8@>20==K<8 >B=>H5=8O<8 @0A:@K20BLAO 2 ?@>872545=88 / ?@OB0BLAO 70 =8< (3 = 0,45, @ < 0,05). !10;0=A8@>20==K5 >B=>H5=8O B2>@G5AB2> 2> 2A5< / 2 >4=>< :>@@5;8@CNB A> A10;0=A8@>20==K< >6840=85< 4>1@>65;0B5;L=>AB8 / :@8B8:8 (3 = 0,67, @ < 0,05). !10;0=A8@>20==K5 >B=>H5=8O @0A:@K20BLAO 2 ?@>872545=88 / ?@OB0BLAO 70 =8< A2O70=K A> A10;0=A8@>20==K<8 >B=>H5=8O<8 >6840=85 4>1@>65;0B5;L=>AB8 / :@8B8:8 (3 = 0,68, @ < 0,05). 5:>B>@K5 =0@CH5=8O 10;0=A0 2 >B=>H5=8OE ;8G=>AB8, A2O70==KE A B2>@G5AB2><, B0:65 A2O70=K <564C A>1>N. 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"5@0?52B8G5A:0O 7040G0 A5<59=>9 ?A8E>B5@0?88 A>AB>8B 2 87<5=5=88 AB@C:BC@K 2;0AB8 8 ?@028; 2=CB@8 A5<L8 A :>=5G=>9 F5;LN CAB0=>2;5=8O @02=>25A8O <564C A>548=5==>ABLN 8 @07J548=5==>ABLN A ?><>ILN >?@545;5=8O :C;LBC@=>-?@85<;5<KE 3@0=8F <564C G;5=0<8 A5<L8 {"0< 65, A. 508). =>340 8A?>;L7C5BAO 1>;55 >1I55 >1>7=0G5=85: 8A:CAAB2> (A>548=5=8O ?@>B82>?>;>6=>AB59). A:CAAB2> B5@0?88 2 >A=>2=>< A>AB>8B 2 AB@>3> >?@545;5==>< 8 B>G=>< ?@8<5=5=88 >?@545;5==>9 B5E=8:8, 2 ?@028;L=>< @5H5=88, :>340 =C6=> 1KBL B5@0?52B><, 0 :>340 =C6=> ?>B>@>?8BL :;85=B0, :>340 1KBL <O3:8< 8 4>1@>65;0B5;L=K<, 0 :>340 48AB0=F8@>20BLAO ("0< 65, A.549). 07@5H5=85 ?@>B82>@5G89'. -DD5:B82=0O B5@0?8O CG8B G5;>25:0, :0: 68BL A ?@>B82>@5G8O<8 8 @07@5H0BL 8E {"0< 65, A. 566). 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AA;54>20B5;LA:85 >?@>AK 83@0NB 1>;LHCN @>;L 2 >1CG5=88, >=8 45B0;878@CNB ?@54AB02;5=8O >1CG05<KE > ?@>F5AA5 B2>@G5AB20, ?><>30NB <=>3>3@0==55 ?>=OBL 53>, A?>A>1AB2CNB A>25@H5=AB2>20=8N B2>@G5A:>3> ?>2545=8O. 226 227 !?8A>: ;8B5@0BC@K 928 . ., 928 . ., !09<M:-0C=8=3 . >=AC;LB8@>20=85 8 ?A8E>B5@0?8O. !>G5B0=85 <5B>4>2, B5>@88 8 ?@0:B8:8: 5@. A 0=3;. >2>A818@A:,1990.585 A. 40<0@ . AA;54>20=85 ?A8E>;>388 ?@>F5AA0 87>1@5B5=8O 2 >1;0AB8 <0B5<0B8:8. $@0=F8O. 1959 3.: 5@. A D@. .: !>2. @048> 1970.152A. 40<5=:> . . -:>;>38G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O: #G51. ?>A>185. >2>A818@A:: !#, 2000. 88 A. :A0:>2 !. ". 0?8A:8 @C659=>3> >E>B=8:0 @5=1C@3A:>9 3C15@=88 / ABC?. AB. 8 ?@8<. . . >340=>20; %C4>6. -. . 0@5=>20, . . 0A8;LF>2. .: !>2 >AA8O, 1987. 528 A. ;LBHC;;5@ . !. ;3>@8B< 87>1@5B5=8O. .: 74-2> >A:. @01>G89, 1973. 296 A. ;LBHC;;5@ . !., 5@B:8= . . 0: AB0BL 35=85<: 687=5==0O AB@0B538O B2>@G5A:>9 ;8G=>AB8. 8=A:: 5;0@CAL, 1994. 479 A. <8=52 . . 5@>OB=>AB=0O >@30=870F8O F5=B@0;L=KE <5E0=87<>2 @5G8. 070=L: 74-2> 070=, C=-B0, 1972. 160 A. =0=L52 . . '5;>25: :0: ?@54<5B ?>7=0=8O. .: 74-2> #, 1968.340A. AA046>;8 . A8E>A8=B57: B5>@8O 8 ?@0:B8:0. .: 5D;-1C:, 1994.314A. AB0DL52 . 54256LO :@>2L // !818@A:89 @0AA:07 / !>AB. ..>@>45F:89. >2>A818@A:: >2>A81. :=. 874-2>, 1986. K?. 4. !.3-23. 0;L70: . 5254><K9 H5452@ // !>1@. A>G.:  24 B. .: 74-2> @0240, I960. ". 19. !. 75-103. ;>: . !B8E>B2>@5=8O. >M<K. "50B@. .: %C4. ;8B., 1968. 840 A. (-:0 2A5<8@. ;8B.. !5@8O 3. ". 138). >@ . B><=0O D878:0 8 G5;>25G5A:>5 ?>7=0=85. : =>AB@. ;8B., 1961. 152A. @CH;8=A:89 . . KH;5=85 8 ?@>3=>78@>20=85: (>38:>-?A8E>;>38G5A:89 0=0;87). .: KA;L, 1979. 230 A. M=4;5@ . 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I. !. 171-181. 5284>2 . . 2B>@ - >1@07 - G8B0B5;L. .: 74-2> #, 1983. 352A. 5>=BL52 . . 5OB5;L=>ABL. !>7=0=85. 8G=>ABL. .: >;8B8740B, 1975.304 A. 5>=BL52 . . A8E>;>38G5A:85 <5E0=87<K <>B820F88. >2>A818@A:: 74-2> #, 1992. 216A. 0A;>C . . 0;L=85 ?@545;K G5;>25G5A:>9 ?A8E8:8 / 5@. A 0=3;. . . "0B;K1052>9. !1.: 2@078O, 1999. 432 A. 5B:0;D !., $5;81; . .<>@ - ?CBL : CA?5EC. !1.: 8B5@ @5AA, 1996. 256 A. (!5@8O !0< A515 ?A8E>;>3). 8:0;:> . "@5=8=3 8=BC8F88. !1.: 8B5@, 2001. 192 A. (!5@8O !0< A515 ?A8E>;>3). >M< !. C=0 8 3@>H. .:  !:>@8=0, 208 A. OA8I52 . . 8G=>ABL 8 =52@>7K. .: 74-2> #, 1960. 426 A. OA8I52 . . A8E>;>38O >B=>H5=89 / >4 @54. . . >40;520; ABC?. AB. . . >40;520. .: 74-2> =-B ?@0:B. ?A8E>;>388; >@>=56:  >45:, 1995. 356 A. 8:>;0520 . . A:CAAB2> =5?>=8<0=8O 8;8 :>340 =0< 2K3>45= :>=D;8:B. >2>A818@A:: >4CA, 1997. 168 A. 2AO=8:>-C;8:>2A:89 . . 8B5@0BC@=>-:@8B8G5A:85 @01>BK:  2 B. .: %C4>6. ;8B., 1989. ". I: !B0BL8 ?> B5>@88 ;8B5@0BC@K: >3>;L; CH:8=; "C@35=52; '5E>2 / !>AB., ?>43>B. B5:AB0, ?@8<. . 8E09;>2>9; ABC?. AB0BLO .. 0==0. 542 A. 0@0=4>2A:89 /=. ;E8<8O A;>20. 5B@0@:0. >@>;L 87=8 / !>AB. 8 2ABC?. AB. !. M;7K; 8;. . !0F:>3>. .: @0240, 1990. 656A. 5@2><09A:89 . /. 5B>48G5A:85 @5:><5=40F88 : 8AA;54>20=8N B8?0 2KAH59 =5@2=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 4;O F5;59 ?A8E80B@8G5A:>9 4803=>AB8:8 8 ?@>D>@85=B0F88. >@>H8;>23@04, 1974. 40 A. 8;L=O: . // 0: <K ?8H5< (=4@59 5;K9, . >@L:89, 23. 0<OB8= 8 4@.). .: =830, 1989. !. 106 - 110. >=><0@52 /. . A8E>;>38O B2>@G5AB20. .: 0C:0, 1976. 304A. >=><0@52 /. . $07K B2>@G5A:>3> ?@>F5AA0 (2<5AB> 22545=8O) // AA;54>20=85 ?@>1;5< ?A8E>;>388 B2>@G5AB20. .: 5403>38:0, 1987. @8H28= . ., 5@:0;> G5;>25:0 / !>AB. 8 ?>A;5A;. ". . 54=O:>2>9; :><<5=B. ". . 54=O:>2>9, . . @C3-;552A:>9; 8;. 8 >D>@<;. . . (:>;L=8:0. .: @0240, 1985. 672A. CH:8= . !. !>1@. A>G.:  10 B. .: >A. 874-2> EC4>6. ;8B., 1959. ".2.800 A. >465@A . 73;O4 =0 ?A8E>B5@0?8N. !B0=>2;5=85 G5;>25:0: 5@. A 0=3;. / 1I. @54. 8 ?@548A;. . . A5=8=>9. .: 74. 3@C??0 @>3@5AA-#=825@A, 1994. 480 A. C18=HB59= !. . A=>2K >1I59 ?A8E>;>388:  2 B. .: 5403>38:0, 1989. ". 1. 448 A. 230 231 C18=HB59= !. /. -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K5 <5B>48:8 ?0B>?A8E>;>388 8 >?KB 8E ?@8<5=5=8O 2 :;8=8:5: @0:B. @C:>2>4AB2>. .: 548F8=0, 1970. 216. C45AB0< . @C??>20O ?A8E>B5@0?8O. A8E>:>@@5:F8>==K5 3@C??K: B5>@8O 8 ?@0:B8:0: 5@. A 0=3;. / 1I. @54. 8 2ABC?. AB. . . 5B@>2A:>9. .: @>3@5AA, 1990. 368. !5;L5 . B <5GBK : >B:@KB8N: :0: AB0BL CG5=K<: 5@. A 0=3;. / 1I. @54. . . >=4@0H>2>9, . !. %>@>;0; ?>A;5A;. . . /@>H52A:>3>, . !. %>@>;0. .: @>3@5AA, 1987. 368 A. !8<>=>2 . . =D>@<0F8>==0O B5>@8O M<>F89 // A8E>;>38O M<>F89. "5:ABK / >4 @54. . . 8;N=0A0, .. . 8??5=@59B5@. .: 74-2> #, 1984. !. 178-185. !>;65=8FK= . @>B82>AB>O=85 // !<5=0. 1989. ! 22. !B5@=15@3 ., @83>@5=:> . #G8AL 4C<0BL B2>@G5A:8! 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