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A;8 1K C 0H8 8 !0H8 1K;0 2KA>:0O A0<>>F5=:0, >=8 A<>3;8 1K 4>25@OBL 4@C3 4@C3C. 0) 064K9 87 =8E 1K; 1K C25@5= 2 A2>59 A?>A>1=>AB8 ?>;CG0BL B>, GB> 5<C =C6=> >B ?0@B=5@0. 1) 064K9 87 =8E <>3 1K 4065 ?>4>640BL 8 ?>;CG8BL 65;05<>5 =5A:>;L:> ?>765. 2) 064K9 <>3 1K 4020BL 4@C3><C 8 ?@8 MB>< =5 GC2AB2>20BL A51O >3@01;5==K<. 3) 064K9 87 =8E <>3 1K 8A?>;L7>20BL @07;8G8O <564C A>1>9 8 ?0@B=5@>< 4;O 1>;LH53> ;8G=>AB=>3> @>AB0. 8. # 0H8 8 !0H8 =5 E20B05B 4>25@8O 4@C3 : 4@C3C. 0) 064K9 GC2AB2C5B, GB> 53> 70?0A0, 53> @5AC@A>2 5420 E20B05B =0 ?>445@60=85 A>1AB25==>9 687=8, =5 3>2>@O C65 > 687=8 4@C3>3>. 1) 064K9 :0: 1C4B> 1K 3>2>@8B A2>8< ?>2545=85<: (/ =8GB>. / 1C4C 68BL 4;O B51O(. > >4=>2@5<5==> A MB8< :064K9 2545B A51O B0:, :0: 1C4B> 1K 3>2>@8B A2>8< ?>2545=85<: (!0< ?> A515 O =8GB>, B0: GB>, ?>60;C9AB0, 6828 4;O <5=O(. 9. 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"K ?;>E>9, 5A;8 BK =5 A>3;0A5= A> <=>9. 50;L=>ABL 8 @07;8G8O <564C =0<8 =5 8<5NB 7=0G5=8O(. 13. 0209B5 @0AA<>B@8< B@8280;L=K9 ?@8<5@ @07=>3;0A8O <564C (DC=:F8>=0;L=K<8( ;N4L<8. @54?>;>68<, GB> AC?@C65A:0O ?0@0 C65 ?>=8<05B 8 A>3;0A=0, GB> ?@8OB=> 1K;> 1K ?>C68=0BL 2<5AB5. > 40209B5 ?@54?>;>68< B0:65, GB>  E>G5B ?>C68=0BL 30<1C@35@0<8, 0  E>G5B ?>C68=0BL FK?;OB0<8.  @5AB>@0=5, 345 ?>40NB 30<1C@35@K, =5 ?>40NB FK?;OB; 2 @5AB>@0=5, 345 ?>40NB FK?;OB, =5 ?>40NB 30<1C@35@K. 0) 064K9 <>65B ?>?KB0BLAO C3>2>@8BL 4@C3>3>: (>60;C9AB0, 40209 ?>548< 30<1C@35@K(. 1) 064K9 <>65B ?@54;>68BL >G5@54=>ABL: (0209 ?>548< FK?;OB 2 MB>B @07, 0 30<1C@35@K 2 A;54CNI89 @07(. 2) =8 <>3CB ?>?@>1>20BL =09B8 0;LB5@=0B82C, CAB@0820NICN 8E >1>8E: (K >10 ;N18< 18DHB5:AK(, 8;8 (0209 =0945< 4@C3>9 @5AB>@0=, 345 ?>40NB 8 30<1C@35@K, 8 FK?;OB(. 3) =8 <>3CB ?>A<>B@5BL, GB> @50;L=55, ?>AB0282 @50;8AB8G=>ABL ?;0=0 2KH5 A2>8E >B45;L=KE 65;0=89: ( 5AB>@0=, 345 ?>40NB 30<1C@35@K, 1;865, 0 <K B>@>?8<AO; 40209 ?>548< 30<1C@35@K(. 4) =8 <>3CB ?>?@>1>20BL =09B8 @02=>25A85 <564C >B45;L=K<8 65;0=8O<8 8 65;0=85< 1KBL 2<5AB5: [14] ("K ?>5HL 30<1C@35@K, @07 >=8 B515 1>;LH5 =@02OBAO, 0 O ?>5< FK?;OB, 8 <K C2848<AO ?>A;5 MB>3>(. =8 A?>A>1=K >B45;8BLAO 4@C3 >B 4@C30 =0 2@5<O 8 ?@8=OBL A0<>AB>OB5;L=>5 @5H5=85. 5)  :@09=5< A;CG05, >=8 <>3CB 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO <=5=85< B@5BL53> G5;>25:0, GB>1K >= ?@8O; @5H5=85 2<5AB> =8E: (=4@59 E>G5B ?>5ABL A =0<8. 0209 A?@>A8< =4@5O, 345 >= E>G5B ?>5ABL(. 14. 0209B5 2>7L<5< B>B 65 A0<K9 ?@8<5@ 8 ?>A<>B@8<, :0: 2>A?@8=8<0NB @07=>3;0A8O (=5DC=:F8>=0;L=K5( ;N48. =8 8AE>4OB 87 ?@8=F8?0, GB> ;N1>2L 4>;6=0 A>G5B0BLAO A ?>;=K< A>3;0A85<, ?>MB><C: 0) K >1=0@C68205<, GB> >=8 >B:;04K20NB 8 4>;3> :>;51;NBAO: (0209 @5H8< ?>74=55, GB> ?>5ABL( (1K205B B0:, GB> >=8 A>2A5< ?@>?CA:0NB MB>B >154 8;8 C68=). 1) K >1=0@C68205<, GB> >=8 AB0@0NBAO ?@8=C48BL 4@C3 4@C30: (K 1C45< 5ABL 30<1C@35@K 8 2A5 BCB!( 2) K >1=0@C68205<, GB> >=8 AB0@0NBAO 225AB8 4@C3 4@C30 2 701;C645=85: ( B>, 8 4@C3>5  540, ?>MB><C 40209 5ABL 30<1C@35@K(. 3) K >1=0@C68205<, GB> >=8 AB0@0NBAO >B@8F0BL 65;0=8O 4@C3 4@C30: (0 A0<>< 45;5 BK =5 B0: ;N18HL FK?;OB( 8;8 (">;L:> AC<0AH54H5<C <>3CB =@028BLAO FK?;OB0!( 4) A5340 >1=0@C68205BAO, GB> >=8 >128=ONB 8 40NB <>@0;L=K5 >F5=:8: ("K ?;>E>9 8 M3>8AB8G=K9, @07 BK =5 E>G5HL 5ABL A> <=>9 30<1C@35@K. 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[45] A?><>30B5;L=0O DC=:F8O 1>;57=59, 70<5B=0O 2 B5G5=85 2A59 687=8 A5<L8, AB>;L 65 206=0, :>340 ?0@0 AC?@C3>2 >AB05BAO =0548=5 4@C3 A 4@C3>< 2 8E AB0@>AB8. !> 2@5<5=5<, :>=5G=>, >48= 87 ?0@B=5@>2 C<8@05B, >AB0282 4@C3>3> 2 ?>;=>< >48=>G5AB25, 8 B>B 4>;65= =09B8 A2O7L A >158<8 @>4AB25==K<8 A5<LO<8. =>340 AB0@K9 G5;>25: <>65B =09B8 A515 ?>;57=>5 45;>; => 8=>340, 2> 2@5<5=0 ?5@5<5=, >= >:07K205BAO ?@>AB> ;8H=8<, ?>A:>;L:C AB0@8:8 =5 AG8B0NBAO =C6=K<8 2 687=8 <;04H53> ?>:>;5=8O. 0 MB>9 AB0488 A5<LO AB0;:8205BAO A B@C4=>9 ?@>1;5<>9 701>BK > AB0@8:5, 8;8 >1 C40;5=88 53> 2 B0:>5 <5AB>, 345 > =5< 1C4CB 701>B8BLAO 4@C385. -B> B0:65 :@878A=K9 <><5=B, A :>B>@K< G0AB> =5;53:> A?@028BLAO. > B>, :0:8< >1@07>< <;04H85 >1@0I0NBAO A> AB0@H8<8, AB0=>28BAO >1@07F>< B>3>, :0: 1C4CB >1@0I0BLAO A =8<8, :>340 >=8 2 A2>N >G5@54L A>AB0@OBAO, ?>A:>;L:C A5<59=K9 F8:; ?@>4>;605BAO 157 :>=F0. [46] AB>G=8:8 <0B5@80;>2 1. (>G5<C A5<59=0O B5@0?8O?(  3;020 1 :=838 Conjoint Family Therapy, Virginia Satir; Science and Behavior Books, Mountain View, California, 1967. 5@52>4 . !. >6:> ?>4 @540:F859 . . $5B0. 2. (87:0O A0<>>F5=:0 8 2K1>@ ?0@B=5@0(  3;020 2 :=838 Conjoint Family Therapy, Virginia Satir; Science and Behavior Books, Mountain View, California, 1967. 5@52>4 . !. >6:> ?>4 @540:F859 . . $5B0. 3. ( 07;8G8O 8 @07=>3;0A8O(  3;020 3 :=838 Conjoint Family Therapy, Virginia Satir; Science and Behavior Books, Mountain View, California, 1967. 5@52>4 . !. >6:> ?>4 @540:F859 . . $5B0. 4. ?@545;5=85 >B=>H5=89  <0B5@80; 27OB 87 3;02K 1 :=838 Strategies of Psychotherapy, Jay Haley; Triangle Press, Rockville, Maryland, 1990. 5@52>4 .. . K@O=>2>9. 5. >=B@>;L 2 >B=>H5=8OE  <0B5@80; 27OB 87 3;02K 1 :=838 Strategies of Psychotherapy, Jay Haley; Triangle Press, Rockville, Maryland, 1990. 5@52>4 .. . K@O=>2>9. (87=5==K9 F8:; A5<L8(  3;020 2 :=838 Uncommon Therapy, the Psychiatric Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M. D. by Jay Haley, W. W. Norton & Co. , New York, 1973. 5@52>4 . . $5B0. [47]   ?>4;8==8:5 (identified patient(  ?@8<. ?5@52.  Warren Brody,  Some family operations of schizophrenia: a study of five hospitalized families each with a schizophrenic member; Arch. of gen. Psychiat. , 1: 379-402, 1959, p. 391.  Murray Bowen, A Family Concept of schizophrenia. In D. Jackson (Ed. ), The Etiology of Schizophrenia, p. 370; Basic Books, New York, 1960.   ?>4;8==8:5 (nuclear family(  ?@8<. ?5@52.   ?>4;8==8:5 (integrate(  ?@8<. ?5@52.   ?>4;8==8:5 (survival pact(  ?@8<. ?5@52.   ?>4;8==8:5 (functional( (DC=:F8>=0;L=K5)  @8<. 5@52.   ?>4;8==8:5 (picked on(  (:;NNB(, >B ?>?C;O@=>3> B5@<8=0, 87>1@060NI53> 85@0@E8N :C@.  Salvador Minuchin et al. , Families of the Slums; Basic Books, New York, 1967).      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