ࡱ> #`%bjbjmmiN{$$$$$$$$HFFFPGGHS0XHXH4HHHHZHI(S*S*S*S*S*S*S$ UhqW>NSE$IHHIINS$$HHSRRRI"$H$H(SRI(SRR$$RHLH 0{F4LRRTS0SRWPOLWRW$R(IIRIIIIINSNSRIIISIIIIHHH>FHHHFHHH$$$$$$  L.Ron Hubbard REVOLT IN THE STARS . >= %0110@4 !!" !     5154:0, CAB0=>2;5==0O =0 ?;0BD>@<5 3@C7>28:0, 874020;0 C60A=K9 A:@8?. >4>@>A;8 B> 8 45;> F5?;O;8AL 70 B@>A, B0I82H89 70304>G=K9 ?@54<5B 87 2>4K : 15@53C. >:@C3 2A5 @04>20;> 3;07: B8E89 H5?>B =01530NI8E 2>;=, ;0A:>2K9 B@>?8G5A:89 25B5@ 8 7>;>B>9 ?5A>:, >BG5B;82> 2K45;ONI89AO =0 D>=5 0:20<0@8=0 <>@A:>9 2>4K. A5 MB> 1K;> 4>AB>9=> 70=8<0BL <5AB> =0 AB@0=8F0E :0:>3>-=81C4L @5:;0<=>3> BC@8AB8G5A:>3> 1C:;5B0. >@4>= ?>;8F59A:8E, 2>>@C65==KE 4> 7C1>2, =5 ?>4?CA:0; =8:>3> : <5ABC A>1KB89. -B0 >?5@0F8O AG8B0;0AL A5:@5B=>9. ">;?0 CG5=KE 2=8<0B5;L=> A<>B@5;8 70 ?@>F5AA><, ?KB0OAL C3040BL E>BO 1K D>@<C ?@54<5B0. (5D ?>;8F88, <C6G8=0 A 1C;L4>6L59 G5;NABLN, A28@5?> A<>B@5; =0 2>4C. 0:>3> G5@B0 5<C ?>@CG8;8 MB> ?;52>5 45;>?! @54?>;030;>AL, GB> MB> 8AB>@8G5A:0O =0E>4:0, 2>7<>6=> A2O70==0O A =5872540==K< :>A<>A><. '5@B A =59! # =53> 1K;0 =07=0G5=0 2AB@5G0 A 5==8, >= 40; 5<C B@84F0BL BKAOG 10:A>2, GB>1K B>B A45;0; AB02:8 =0 1530E. 'B>-B> 53> =5 284=>. = ;81> ?@>4C;AO, ;81> 701K; ?@> =53>! (5D ?@>4>;60; A<>B@5BL =0 <>@5, A;>2=> ?>4>7@520O 53> 2 G5<-B>. 5?>40;5:C AB>O; <>;>4>9 G5;>25: A 0:20;0=3>< 8 <0A:>9 2 @C:0E. = >G5=L =5@2=8G0; 8 ?>AB>O==> <O; =5AG0AB=CN <0A:C. !59G0A >= 1K; 3>B>2 A@078BLAO A GC4>28I5< ?>E;5I5, G5< ?>;8F8O! '5@B>2K ?>;8F59A:85! > 5<C ;CGH5 ?><>;G0BL, E>BO ?>?KB0BLAO AB>8B. 54L MB> 8<5==> >= =0H5; MB>B ?@54<5B, ?>4>1@0;AO : =5<C ?>4 2>4>9 8 4065 >B@K; 53> 87 ?5A:0! = =045O;AO =0 70:>= > G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8, ?> :>B>@><C 5<C ?>;030;0AL G0ABL =0E>4:8. =8 =5 <>3CB ?>?8@0BL 3>AC40@AB25==K5 70:>=K! >;>4>9 G5;>25: A>1@0;AO A 4CE>< 8, >B@OE820OAL >B =0;8?H53> ?5A:0, ?>4>H5; : H5DC. # =53>, 6>=0 #M9=0, 4>;65= 1KBL H0=A ?>;CG8BL ?@8G8B0NI55AO. -B> O =0H5;! -B> <>O =0E>4:0! A;8 1K =5 <>8 ?>8A:8, 2K =8:>340 1K =5 4>1@0;8AL 4> MB>3> ?@54<5B0!. (5D 4065 =5 ?>4=O; 3;07 A 3;04:>9 ?>25@E=>AB8 <>@O. = ?@>AB> >BH2K@=C; <>I=>9 @C:>9 #M9=0 40;5:> 2 AB>@>=C. 48= 87 CG5=KE @5H8; @07@5H8BL 70B@C4=8B5;L=CN A8BC0F8N. = =8:>340 =5 =>A8; >G:>2, E>BO =0C:0 402=> ?>E8B8;0 53> 7@5=85. K =5 >A>7=05B5 206=>ABL MB>9 =0E>4:8! =0 ?@8=04;568B <8@C =0C:8, <C75O<, C=825@A8B5B0<!. (5D, =0:>=5F, >B>@20; 273;O4 >B 2>4K 8 CAB028;AO =0 <>;>4>3> G5;>25:0. !8;L=>9 @C:>9 >= AE20B8; 53> 70 0:20;0=3. >A;CH09, 45@L<>, BK 4>AB02;O5HL <=5 =5?@8OB=>AB8! / A45;0N B0:, GB> B51O >128=OB 2 :@065 0@E5>;>38G5A:>9 F5==>AB8. !B0BLO 896, B@8 3>40 BN@L<K. / ?@54;030N B515 70B:=CBLAO. 8 A;>20 =8:><C!. = >B1@>A8; >B A51O #M9=0. -B> 45;> 3>AC40@AB25==>9 206=>AB8. >;>4>9 G5;>25: ?>4=O;AO A ?5A:0. = ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5; =0 2>4>;07>2, :>B>@K5 ?@>4>;60;8 4>AB020BL 70304>G=K9 ?@54<5B. 0B5< #M9= ?>A<>B@5; =0 CG5=KE, =0 ?>;8F59A:8E, =0 H5D0. K;> OA=>, GB> B0: >= =8G53> =5 4>1L5BAO. A5< 1K;> =0?;520BL, GB> :0:>9-B> ?0@5=L ?KB05BAO :0G0BL A2>8 ?@020. 8:>340 >= =5 GC2AB2>20; A51O B0:8< >?;520==K<. #M9= <54;5==> ?>1@5; ?> ?5A:C G5@57 :>@4>= ?@>GL >BAN40. 5154:0 ?@>4>;60;0 AB>=0BL. A5 70<5@;8 2 >6840=88 G53>-B> 7@5;8I=>3>. 0 ?>25@E=>AB8 2>4K ?>O28;AO 75;5=>20BK9 <5B0;;8G5A:89 ?@54<5B ?@028;L=>9 A8<<5B@8G=>9 D>@<K. 0 =5< =5 1K;> 70<5B=> =8:0:8E 1>;B>2 8;8 H2>2. 3> 480<5B@ 4>E>48; 4> 2>AL<8 DCB>2. %>@>H>!  :@8:=C; H5D  @C78B5 MB> 2 A0<>;5B. = 5I5 <>3 CA?5BL =0 A:0G:8. 0H8=3B>=, ?@5:@0A=K9 0H8=3B>=, @>48=0 G5AB=KE ?>;8B8:>2 8 70:>==>AB8, =568;AO ?>4 ;CG0<8 ;0A:>2>3> A>;=F0. 0: 8 2> 2A5E <530?>;8A0E, 687=L 745AL 7028A5;0 >B 45OB5;L=>AB8 10=:>2 8 =047>@0 ?>;8F88.  @0725 <>65B 1KBL :0:-B> 8=0G5? AA;54>20B5;LA:89 8=AB8BCB @0A?>;>68;AO =0 E>;<5, ?>7048 =53> =0E>48;AO :0:>9-B> 702>4. ">=:85 A>;=5G=K5 ;CG8 A B@C4>< ?@>1820;8AL A:2>7L :;C1K A<>30 8 ;53:> ?040;8 =0 ?@54<5B. ! =53> C65 AG8AB8;8 25AL ?5A>:. 0 >4=>9 AB>@>=5 >1=0@C68;0AL =51>;LH0O ?0=5;L A :0:8<8-B> ?@O<>C3>;L=K<8 >B25@AB8O<8, :>B>@K5 A;>2=> >A<0B@820;8 :><=0BC. O4>< AB>O;8 H5D 8 CG5=K9. ">;L:> GB> ?@85E0; A0< 5=5@0; A ;8G=>9 >E@0=>9 8 ?@8A>548=8;AO : =8<. 3> 3;070 2>71C645==> 1;5AB5;8. ! A0<>3> 45BAB20 >= 8=B5@5A>20;AO ?>4>1=K<8 70304:0<8.  <>65B MB> ?>A;0=85 87 :>A<>A0 >B @07C<=KE ACI5AB2?! = 70?@5B8; 2A:@K20BL :0?AC;C 157 =53>, :B> 7=05B, <>65B MB> 1C45B 25;8G09H55 >B:@KB85 25:0! >7<>6=>, MB> =>2K9 284 >@C68O, B>340 >= 4>;65= >15A?5G8BL ?>;=CN :>=D845=F80;L=>ABL.  B><C 65, >= 1K; ?@5:@0A=K< E8<8:>< 5I5 A <>;>4>AB8, 8 =5 AB>8B C?CA:0BL 2>7<>6=>AB8 1;5A=CBL A2>8< 8=B5;;5:B><. 5=5@0; A?@>A8; CG5=>3>: # 20A 5ABL :0:85-=81C4L 4>304:8?. #G5=K9 B>;L:> ?>B@OA 2 >B25B A54K<8 2>;>A0<8, :>B>@K5 45;0;8 53> ?>E>68< =0 -9=HB59=0. K B>;L:> 2KOA=8;8, :0: MB0 HBC:0 ?>?0;0 AN40. 5@>OB=>, ?@54<5B 1K; 70<C@>20= 2 A:0;5. !> 2@5<5=5<, <>@5 ?>3;>B8;> A:0;C 2<5AB5 A 55 A>45@68<K<. >=5G=>, <K ?@>4>;605< 25AB8 8AA;54>20=8O, - A:070; >=, C:07K20O @C:>9 =0 :0?AC;C. O4>< =0E>48;AO AB>; A F5;K< =01>@>< A?5F80;L=KE 8=AB@C<5=B>2. "CB 1K;8 ?@81>@K 4;O C3;5@>4=>3> 0=0;870 25I5AB20, <8=80BN@=K5 ;CG52K5 CAB0=>2:8 8 <=>385 4@C385 CAB@>9AB20, > =07=0G5=88 :>B>@KE <>6=> 1K;> B>;L:> 4>304K20BLAO. '5;>25: 2 15;>< E0;0B5 2=8<0B5;L=> 87CG0; B>;L:> GB> ?>;CG5==K9 0=0;87 <5B0;;0. -B> A>25@H5==> =>2K9, =58725AB=K9 =0< A?;02, - >1JO28; >=. #G5=K9 :82=C; 3>;>2>9, 1C4B> 7=0; >1 MB>< 2AN 687=L. !C4O ?> @57C;LB0B0< C3;5@>4=>3> 0=0;870, MB><C ?@54<5BC ?@8<5@=> A5<L45AOB ?OBL <8;;8>=>2 ;5B. ;070 CG5=>3> AB0;8 3>@074> H8@5. = @5H8;, GB> 53> ?><>I=8: A?OB8;. > G5;>25: 2 15;>< E0;0B5 ?@>4>;60;: / ?>425@3 :0?AC;C =51>;LH><C >1;CG5=8N 8 ?@8H5; : 2K2>4C, GB> >=0 =5 27@K2>>?0A=0. > 2=CB@8 =0E>48BAO :0:>5-B> :>;8G5AB2> M=5@388. 5=5@0; C4>2;5B2>@8B5;L=> :82=C;: %>@>H>, 20< A;54C5B ?@>4>;68BL 8AA;54>20=8O. (5D 1K; =5 2 4CE5: 5==8 ?@>A048; 2A5 45=L38. "C?8F0! >A?>48= 5=5@0;, O 7=0N, GB> 2K >G5=L C2;5G5=K MB>9 =0E>4:>9, => 20< =8:B> =5 405B 30@0=B88, GB> :0?AC;0 =5 27>@25BAO. / 1K ?>>AB5@53AO ?@>4>;60BL 8AA;54>20=85. 5=5@0; >B<0E=C;AO >B =53> 8 ?>25@=C;AO : CG5=><C: / 708=B@83>20=. @>4>;609B5, ?>60;C9AB0!. #G5=K9 >A<>B@5; ?5@54=NN G0ABL :0?AC;K. 65=:8=A A:070;, GB> >=0 >B:@K205BAO. > :0:?. 5=5@0; 708=B5@5A>20==> A<>B@5; =0 =0E>4:C. 0 >4=>9 87 AB>@>= >= >1=0@C68; <=>65AB2> :=>?>:. =8 @0A?>;030;8AL 2 >?@545;5==>< ?>@O4:5: 2 ?5@2>< @O4C 1K;> 45AOBL :=>?>:, 70B5< @O4 ?@5@K20;AO 87>1@065=85< :@C30. >4 8 =04 =8< 1K;8 2KG5@G5=K ?@O<K5 ;8=88. >A;5 =51>;LH>3> ?@><56CB:0 :=>?:8 ?@8>1@5B0;8 =><5@ 8 @071820;8AL 2 3@C??K ?> >?@545;5==><C ?@028;C. 0 >4=>9 87 :=>?>: =><5@ >BACBAB2>20;, 1C4B> :B>-B> A?5F80;L=> 701K; =0?8A0BL 53>. -B>  A2>5>1@07=0O <0B5<0B8G5A:0O 7040G0, 2>7<>6=>, C@02=5=85, - ?@54?>;>68; CG5=K9. >9 ?><>I=8:, 65=:8=A, 3>2>@8B, GB> B5 ACI5AB20, :>B>@K5 A>740;8 MB>B :>4, ?@8=04;560;8 : F828;870F88 3>@074> 2KAH59, G5< =0H0. 45 2K, 65=:8=A?. ><>I=8: ?>O28;AO =58725AB=> >B:C40 8 ?>4>H5; : CG5=><C. 07<5@ 53> E0;0B0 ?>4>H5; 1K 8 A;>=C, 0 B>;ABK5 ;8=7K >G:>2 C@>4;82> C25;8G820;8 53> 3;070. = 1K; >G5=L =5@2=K<. <C =5 =@028;>AL =0E>48BLAO 2 :><?0=88 B0:8E 2KA>:>?>AB02;5==KE ;8F, >= AB@0H=> @>15;. "5< =5 <5=55, 65=:8=A A>1@0;AO A A8;0<8 8 ?>4>H5; ?>1;865: / ?@>1>20; ABCG0BL ?> :0?AC;5 <>;>B:><, => =0 <5B0;;5 =5 ?>O28;>AL =8 >4=>9 F0@0?8=K. ">340 O ?@54?>;>68;, GB> MB>B A?;02 <>3;8 87>1@5AB8 B>;L:> 2KA>:>@0728BK5 ACI5AB20, - A:070; >=, 70?8=0OAL. #G5=K9 ?>A<>B@5; =0 =53>: @>4>;609B5, 65=:8=A!. / 4C<0N, GB> :;NG : :>4C :@>5BAO 2 MB>< :@C35, - >= AB0; ;8AB0BL B01;8FC ;>30@8D<>2, =094O =C6=K9, >125; 53> <0@:5@><.  MB>B <><5=B >= 2K3;O45; 3>@074> C1548B5;L=59, G5< ;N1>9 B8BC;>20==K9 ?@>D5AA>@. 3> =0AB02=8: O2=> A><=520;AO 2 MB>9 8455, => A:070;: K 4>;6=K ?@>25@8BL 20HC 25@A8N, ?@5645 G5< ?@8ABC?8< : 40;L=59H8< 8AA;54>20=8O<. 65=:8=A ?@>4>;68;: @020O :>;>=:0 :=>?>: >7=0G05B >A=>20=85 ;>30@8D<0, :@C3 8 ;8=88 ?>4 =8< 7040NB =0< 7=0G5=85 G8A;0 8. / 87<5@8; @0AAB>O=85 <564C @O40<8 8 =0H5;, GB> >=> ?>AB>O==>. !;54>20B5;L=>, ?5@54 =0<8 >1KG=>5 C@02=5=85. 5H82 53>, O ?>;CG8; G8A;>. = 5I5 @07 CB:=C;AO 2 B01;8FK. # <5=O ?>;CG8;>AL G8A;>, - ?@>87=5A >= 8A?C30==>, => 2?>;=5 C25@5==>  0,9938. 65=:8=A ?5@525; 4KE0=85. >72>;LB5 <=5 =060BL MBC :><18=0F8N. #G5=K9 :8A;> C;K1=C;AO, C6 1>;L=> 2A5 ?@>AB> @5H8; 65=:8=A. %>BO ?>?@>1>20BL AB>8B, 254L 4@C38E 25@A89 =5B. / 4C<0N, MB> =5 ?>2@548B =0HC =0E>4:C. / A0< =06<C :=>?:8!. 5<54;5==> >= ?;02=> =060; =C6=CN :><18=0F8N. 0=5;L 70<830;0 75;5=K< A25B><. '5@B! 65=:8=A A> A2>59 1@54>2>9 84559 >:070;AO ?@02! "5?5@L >=8 CAB0=>28;8 :>4. 5=5@0; >BA:>G8; 2 AB>@>=C. 5;5=K5 >3>=L:8 A<5=8;8AL :@0A=K<8 8 B5?5@L >B@060;8AL =0 87C<;5==KE ;8F0E. >A;KH0;AO :0:>9-B> ?>AB>O==> =0@0AB0NI89 72C:. 57:89 I5;G>: ?@5@20; 53>. (5D ?>BO=C;AO 70 A2>8< ?8AB>;5B><. 520O ?;0AB8=0 :0?AC;K ?5@525@=C;0AL 8 >B:@K;0 =5:>B>@>5 ?>4>185 M:@0=0. 54;5==K9 <5B0;;8G5A:89 3>;>A >1JO28;: -B> 72C:>2>9 ?5@52>4G8:, 25@A8O 92. AO ?>A;54CNI0O 8=D>@<0F8O 1C45B ?5@52545=0 =0 20H O7K:. ;070 2A5E ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E 1K;8 H8@>:> >B:@KBK. >;>A ?@>4>;60;: 0< C40;>AL 0:B82878@>20BL M=5@3>?;0BC. -B> ?@>87>H;> C65 2B>@>9 @07 70 ?@>H54H89 ?5@8>4. !59G0A :0?AC;0 02B><0B8G5A:8 @0A:@>5BAO, ?>MB><C 20< ;CGH5 >B>9B8 =0 =5A:>;L:> H03>2. 0?AC;0 AB0;0 874020BL C60A=K9 A:@565B. (5D 1K; B25@4> C15645=, GB> A59G0A 2A5 ?>;5B8B :> 2A5< G5@BO<. 3> 4@>60I0O @C:0 B25@65 A60;0 ?8AB>;5B. &8;8=4@ @0A:@K;AO, >1@07CO =51>;LHCN =8HC. 0948B5 2=CB@L, ?>60;C9AB0, - 256;82> ?@83;0A8; 3>;>A. 4@C3 5=5@0; 2A?><=8;, GB> >= 2A5-B0:8 4>;65= >15A?5G8BL :>=B@>;L =04 ?@>8AE>4OI8< 8 >15A?5G8BL ?>;=CN A5:@5B=>ABL. G8AB8B5 ?><5I5=85! =D>@<0F8O <>65B >:070BLAO AB@>3> :>=D845=F80;L=>9,  ?@>3@5<5; 53> 3>;>A. (5D ?>=O; 5=5@0;0 A ?>;CA;>20. 3> @C:0 ?@>4>;60;0 A68<0BL ?8AB>;5B. #G5=K9 8 53> ?><>I=8: =5E>BO 2KH;8 G5@57 @07=K5 425@8. (5D ?@>H5;AO ?> :><=0B5, 70?8@0O 70<:8. 3> =0<5B0==K9 3;07 >A<>B@5; :064K9 C3>;, >= =5 8A:;NG0; 2>7<>6=>AB8, GB> :B>-=81C4L <>65B ?@>A;CH820BL ?><5I5=85. #4>2;5B2>@82H8AL >A<>B@><, H5D 27O; 420 ABC;0 8 ?>AB028; 8E >:>;> :0?AC;K. 5=5@0; A5;, H5D 2A5 5I5 1K; =0AB>@>65. = =5 4>25@O; <5B0;;8G5A:><C 3>;>AC, GB>-B> 745AL =5 B0:! =8 A<>B@5;8 2 G5@=CN 8 4>2>;L=> 3;C1>:CN =8HC. (5DC :070;>AL, GB> 2>B-2>B >BBC40 2K?@K3=5B GC4>28I5 8;8 AB@0H=0O A8;0 20:CC<0 70A>A5B 8E 8 >B?@028B 2 :>A<>A. = 5I5 @07 >3;O45; ?><5I5=85, >=8 1K;8 >4=8. -:@0= 70<5@F0;, ?>O28;8AL 15;K5 ?>;>AK, => G5@57 <3=>25=85 87>1@065=85 =0;048;>AL.  1 C7K:0 1K;0 5420 A;KH=0, 4>=>A8;AO ?5G0;L=K9 ABC: 10@010=>2. >;=K9 @073@>< :><=0BK <>;G0 A2845B5;LAB2>20; > ?@>H54H5< 745AL A@065=88. B>-B> AB>O; C 3;02=>9 ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O. -B> 1K; :@0A82K9 <>;>4>9 G5;>25: A 7018=B>20==>9 3>;>2>9. $>@<5==0O @C10H:0 F25B0 E0:8 1K;0 ?>@20=0 =0 ;52>< ?;5G5, => 25AL 53> 284 45<>=AB@8@>20; :0:CN-B> 682>ABL 8 2;0AB=>ABL.  @C:0E >= 45@60; ?0G:C 1C<03. K ?@54?>;0305<, - A:070; >= - GB> 5A;8 2K =0H;8 MBC :0?AC;C, B> 20H0 F828;870F8O ?@>428=5BAO 2 A2>5< @0728B88 : 1>;55 2KA>:><C AB0=40@BC B5E=>;>389, 254L 2K C65 8A?>;L7C5B5 O45@=CN M=5@35B8:C, :><?LNB5@K 8 4065 A>25@H05B5 :>A<8G5A:85 ?>;5BK # 20A 5ABL ?@02> 7=0BL, GB> ?@>87>H;> A 20H59 ?;0=5B>9. >340-=81C4L >?OBL 2K@0AB5B B@020, 8 =5A:>;L:> 2K682H8E >A>159 @0A?;>4OBAO 4> @07<5@>2 =0F88. ">;L:> B>340 2K ?>9<5B5 2A5. 5=O 7>2CB 8H, O O2;ONAL ?@54AB028B5;5< &5=B@0 '5;>25G5AB20 0;0:B8G5A:>9 >=D545@0F88 = C:070; @C:>9 =0 AB5=C. 2574=0O :0@B0 701;5AB5;0 8 70<830;0. >65B, 2K =8:>340 =5 A;KH0;8 > =0H59 >=D545@0F88. =0 A>AB>O;0 87 21 72574K 8 76 >18B05<KE ?;0=5B. 0H0 ?;0=5B0 B>65 2E>48;0 2 A>AB02 >=D545@0F88. 5<;O 1K;0 A0<>9 :@0A82>9 ?;0=5B>9. 0: ?@5:@0A=K 1K;8 =0H8 >3@><=K5 3>@>40, 75;5=K5 ;5A0, =5?@8ABC?=K5 3>@K 8 <8;;8>=K 68B5;59. > A;CG8;>AL =5?>?@028<>5, =5GB> AB@0H=>5, :0A0NI55AO 2A5E ?;0=5B >=D545@0F88. = >B:@K; 8 2:;NG8; :0:>9-B> M:@0=, @0A?>;>65==K9 =0 ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O. 0 =5< ?>O28;>AL 87>1@065=85 >725@52H59 B>;?K. >;=0 2>AAB0=89, 4>A5;5 =58725AB=KE =0<, ?@>=5A;0AL ?> 2A5< ?;0=5B0<. A5 1K;> 2 B>G=>AB8 B0:, :0: MB> ?>:070=> 2 MB>< @>;8:5 =>2>AB59, - :><<5=B8@>20; 8H. !>1KB8O, ?@>8AE>4OI85 =0 M:@0=5, @072>@0G820;8AL: =0 ?>68;CN 65=I8=C, 84CICN ?> C;8F5 =0?0;0 10=40. 5=I8=0 C?0;0 =0 75<;N, 704CH5==0O >4=8< 87 3>;>2>@57>2. AB0;L=K5 1K;8 70=OBK 87CG5=85< A>45@68<>3> 55 :>H5;L:0.  :>=F5 :>=F>2, ?>?8=02 =5?>4286=> ;560I55 B5;>, C40;8;8AL. @5ABC?;5=85 AB0;> >1KG=K< 45;>< - A:070; 8H.  MB> 2@5<O =0 M:@0=5 ?>:070;0AL C;8F0, A?;>HL CAK?0==0O AB5:;>< @0718BKE 28B@8=. @878A 2 ?@028B5;LAB25 ?@825; : C?04:C 2A59 C?@02;ONI59 A8AB5<K, 8 BKAOG8 ?@5ABC?=8:>2 AB0;8 2>;L=K, 45;0BL 2A5, GB> 8< 701;03>@0AAC48BAO. ...0 H:>;L=>< 42>@8:5 B>;?0 EC;830=>2 ?@8AB020;0 : <>;>4>9 452CH:5... A5 MB> ?@>8AE>48;> 2 B5G5=85 ?>A;54=8E 8 ;5B - 70<5B8; 8H. ...B@O4 ?>;8F59A:8E, >45BKE 2 A5@>-75;5=CN D>@<C ?KB0;AO @07>3=0BL 03@5AA82=>5 A1>@8I5 ;N459... >?C;O@=>ABL ?@028B5;LAB20 C?0;0 4> =C;O. ...0 M:@0=5 >1@8A>20;AO B0=:, ?5@525@=CBK9 =0 1>:. >:0702H0OAO 2K25A:0 =0 ?@028B5;LAB25==>< 740=88 2=570?=> 2A?KE=C;0... !;>20 8450;87< 8 ?0B@8>B87< AB0;8 15AA<KA;5==K<8 A@07C =0 76 ?;0=5B0E - 8H ?@>4>;60; ?>OA=OBL 48:85 :04@K. ...CG0 >@C68O 8 27@K2G0B:8, 87JOB0O ?>;8F59A:8<8, 1K;0 1K 4>AB0B>G=>9 4;O ?>@065=8O F5;>3> ?>;:0... >>@C65==>5 =0?045=85 AB0;> A0<K< ?@81K;L=K< 187=5A><. ... MB> 2@5<O ?>;8F59A:85 1@>A0;8 2 >3@><=K9 :>AB5@ ?0:5BK A =0@:>B8:0<8. 0:>9-B> G5;>25: A 157C<=K< ;8F>< 3>@OG> 2K:@8:820; ?@87K2K 2 1C@;OICN B>;?C. 48= 87 ?>;8F59A:8E =025; =0 =53> ?@8F5; 28=B>2:8 8 2KAB@5;8;. >2>@C=0 >B1@>A8;> =0704... @30=87>20==0O ?@5ABC?=>ABL 4>AB83;0 =51K20;>3> CA?5E0. ;O 1>@L1K A <0D859 ?@028B5;LAB2> =0=O;> 4>?>;=8B5;L=> A>B=8 BKAOG 1>9F>2. >AC40@AB25==K5 >B@O4K 27O;8 =0 2>>@C65=85 =5 <5=55 65AB>:85 <5B>4K 1>@L1K, G5< 8E ?@>B82=8:8 ...0 ?0@0?5B5 ;560; A=09?5@. 0 =8< ?@>AB8@0;AO 3>@>4. !>A@54>B>G82 A2>5 2=8<0=85, >= 2KAB@5;8; 2=87... AB5AB25==>, ?>A;54>20;0 >B25B=0O @50:F8O,- 70:>=G8; 8H. #1@02 M:@0=, >= ?@8=O;AO 2=8<0B5;L=> 87CG0BL A2>8 1C<038. 0;0:B8G5A:0O >=D545@0F8O ACI5AB2>20;0 BKAOG8 8 BKAOG8 ;5B. K 1K;8 AG0AB;82K 8 1>30BK, 25745 F0@8; <8@ 8 45<>:@0B8O. 0@>4 2K18@0; A2>5 ?@028B5;LAB2> 8 2;0AB=K5 AB@C:BC@K. A59 >=D545@0F859 C?@02;O; >=3@5AA. N48, 70A5402H85 2 >=3@5AA5, 1K;8 A254CI8 2 ?>;8B8:5, E>BO ?@8 =04>1=>AB8 <>3;8 ?@>O28BL M=F8:;>?548G5A:85 ?>7=0=8O 2 8A:CAAB25. =8 CG8;8AL 2 KAH8E :045<8OE, >B:C40 8 8718@0;8AL =0 A2>8 ?>ABK. !CI5AB2>20; B0:65 8A?>;=8B5;L=K9 :><8B5B, 2>73;02;O5<K9 ;02=K< @028B5;5<. 3> B>65 8718@0; =0@>4, 8 >= 1K; >B25BAB25=5= 70 A>1;N45=85 2A5E =0H8E 70:>=>2. 8H >B;>68; 1C<038 2 AB>@>=C. >=3@5AA, >1J548=82H89 2A5 ?;0=5BK, A>18@0;AO >48= @07 2 45AOBL ;5B. 1I55 A>AB>O=85 0;0:B8:8, M:>=><8:0 8 4@C385 @CB8==K5 45;0 >1AC640;8AL =0 >G5@54=>< >=3@5AA5 2053. 8G53> =5 ?@5425I0;> 154K. !5@K5 ?@8H5;LFK =0?0;8 2=570?=>. E F5;LN 1K;> @07@CH8BL =0HC >=D545@0F8N, => <K >B18;8 2A5 0B0:8. @03 1K; 701@>H5= : =0< 87 :>A<8G5A:>3> ?@>AB@0=AB20, 87 4@C3>9 30;0:B8:8. >2B>@=>5 =0?045=85 <>3;> 1K ?@825AB8 : ?>;=><C C=8GB>65=8N =0H59 >=D545@0F88. >=3@5AA C@53C;8@>20; >1AB0=>2:C 8 @5H8; A>1@0BLAO =0 >G5@54=>9 >=3@5AA 2054, :>B>@K9 ?;0=8@>20;>AL ?@>25AB8 =0 ;02=>9 ?;0=5B5. 0 725740E ?@>8AE>48;> GB>-B> =5?>=OB=>5 8 B08=AB25==>5. B0:, =0 ;02=CN ?;0=5BC, =0E>4OICNAO =0 @0AAB>O=88 <=>38E A25B>2KE ;5B >B 5<;8, AB0;8 AJ5760BLAO :>=3@5AA<5=K A> 2A5E G0AB59 0;0:B8:8.  2 1>7@520B5;L A> A2>59 @01>G59 ?;>I04:8 ?@8AB0;L=> >3;O4K20; 2A5 ?@>AB@0=AB2> >A<>?>@B0 ;02=>9 ?;0=5BK. O4>< >3;CH8B5;L=> 83@0; B>@65AB25==K5 <5;>488 2>5==K9 >@:5AB@, >45BK9 2 >A;5?8B5;L=CN C=8D>@<C 15;>-A8=53> F25B0. 0 ?>;5 ?5@54 ?;>I04:>9 ?@875<;O;8AL :><8G5A:85 :>@01;8, 87 :>B>@KE 2KE>48;8 3@C??K 45;530F89. 25 BKAOG8 8=>?;0=5B=KE 3@C?? A> A2>8<8 D;030<8, 10@010=I8:0<8 8 ?@>G8<8 0B@81CB0<8 2KAB@0820;8AL ?> >15 AB>@>=K >3@><=>9 ?;>I048 >A<>?>@B0. >;8F59A:85 :>@4>=K >B45;O;8 ?@81K2H8E 3>AB59 >B <=>3>BKAOG=>9 B>;?K 7520:, ?@8H54H8E ?>A<>B@5BL =0 =52840==>5 7@5;8I5. D8F80;L=K5 =01;N40B5;8 ?KB0;8AL C;>28BL 2A5 A2>8<8 :0<5@0<8, >B<5B8BL 8 70?8A0BL :064>3> 3>ABO, 0 70B5< >B?@028BL :@0B:89 >BG5B =025@E, ;02=><C 1>7@520B5;N. =0O, GB> 53> 3>;>A ?@>=>A8BAO =04 2A5< 3@><04=K< ?@>AB@0=AB2>< >A<>4@><0, =04 2A59 B>;?>9, ?@>=8:05B 2 :064K9 C:@><=K9 C3>;>: 70:@KB>3> 3>@>40, =045OAL, GB> 53> A;CH0NB ?@54AB028B5;8 >AB0;L=KE 75 ?;0=5B, 1>7@520B5;L 3>2>@8; 1KAB@> 8 C25@5==>. = 1K; =5A:>;L:> >701>G5=: 420 4=O =0704 2 3>@>45 1K;> 70<5G5=> =5:>B>@>5 2>;=5=85. 5AL 53> HB0B A>AB>O; 87 33 A>B@C4=8:>2, 2:;NG0O >?5@0B>@0, 8 2A5 >=8 =0E>48;8AL =0 MB>9 G5@B>2>9 ?;>I04:5, :>B>@0O O2;O;0AL ?@5:@0A=>9 <8H5=LN. A5 53> >1>@C4>20=85 AB>8<>ABLN 2 ?>; <8;;8>=0 <>3;> 1KBL C=8GB>65=> >4=>9 548=AB25==>9 1><1>9. = GC2AB2>20; >3@><=CN >B25BAB25==>ABL 70 2A5 ?@>8AE>4OI55 745AL, :0: 1C4B> >= 1K; 5=5@0;L=K< ?@>4NA5@><. #A?>:>9 2A5E, CA?>:>9 2A5E,- ?C;LA8@>20;> C =53> 2 A>7=0=88. 5@2=0O @01>B5=:0. 1>7@520B5;L ?@>4>;60; >A<0B@820BL ?>;5 ?>A04:8. !53>4=O =8:B> 1K 8 =5 2A?><=8;, GB> =0 ?>;>28=5 >18B05<KE ?;0=5B =0@>4=K5 2>;=5=8O 70?@5I5=K >=3@5AA><. = ?>BO=C;AO 70 >G5@54=K< >BG5B>< > 3>ABOE. >@01;L 70 :>@01;5< A>25@H0;8 ?>A04:C =0 ?>;5. 0:>9 ?@5:@0A=K9 45=L, 25;8:89 45=L,- 2KA:070; >G5@54=CN @5?;8:C 1>7@520B5;L, ?@>4>;60O ?@>A<0B@820BL 1C<038 - A0<K5 8725AB=K5 8<5=0 2A59 0;0:B8:8 ?@81C4CB A53>4=O : =0<. C; :>A<8G5A:8E :>@01;59, HC< B>;?K 8 <C7K:0 >@:5AB@0 =0 <3=>25=85 ?>3;>B8;8 53> 3>;>A. = ?@8428=C;AO : A2>8< <=>3>G8A;5==K< <8:@>D>=0<, 8 C25@5==K9 3>;>A >?OBL ?5@5:@K; 2AN AC5B=CN :0:>D>=8N. @54AB028B5;8 >=3@5AA0, C?@02;ONI85 76 ?;0=5B0<8 8 21 72574>9, >48= 70 4@C38< ?@81K20NB =0 ?>;5. <C ?>40;8 >G5@54=>9 ;8AB>:. @>G8B02 53>, 1>;BC= 4>2>;L=> 70C;K10;AO: , 745AL =0E>48BAO A0< >;!. @C??0, ?@875<;82H0OAO =0 A0<>< :@0N ?>;O, 1K;0 1>;LH5, G5< >AB0;L=K5. 5 4>?>;=O;8 2>5==K5, >45BK5 2 15;>-A8=NN D>@<C 8 =5A:>;L:> HB0BA:8E. A5 >=8 B>;:0OAL, ?@>18@0;8AL : :0:><C-B> G5;>25:C 2 F5=B@5 8 ?KB0;8AL ?>60BL 5<C @C:C. >; >:070;AO C;K1G82K<, ?>-<C6A:8 :@0A82K< G5;>25:><. KA>:89, 0B;5B8G5A:8 A;>65==K9, >= 1K; >45B 2 D>@<C F25B0 E0:8 8 DC@06:C. 1>7@520B5;L ?@8?>4=O;AO =0 FK?>G:8, GB>1K ;CGH5 2845BL MB>3> >A>15==>3> 3>ABO. >;-?@028B5;L 5<;8, >;-A?8:5@ >=3@5AA0! 3> 8<O A2O70=> A> 2A5<8 35=80;L=K<8 45;0<8 @825BAB25==K9 @52 ?5@5:@K; 3C; ?@875<;O2H53>AO :>@01;O. >; AB0@0;AO 2KA<>B@5BL 7=0:><K5 ;8F0 2 B>;?5, 15A?@5AB0==> C;K10;AO 8 CA?520; ?>60BL :064CN ?@>BO=CBCN 5<C @C:C. 3@><=>5 A:>?8I5 ;N459 70<54;O;> 53> ?@>42865=85 ?> ?;>I048. "O65;> 2K4>E=C2, >; C2845; 7=0:><>3> 10@010=I8:0 87 >B@O40 52OB>9 0@<88 8 ?>4<83=C; 5<C. ">B ?@>A8O; >B AG0ABLO 8 2K40; 4>?>;=8B5;L=CN ?>@F8N ?@825BAB25==>9 4@>18. !@07C 65 70 >;>< 42830;0AL 4@C30O 3@C??0 ;N459. 8H, =0E>482H89AO 2 A0<>< 55 F5=B@5, ?KB0;AO ?@>B>;:=CBLAO : >;C. 8:B>@ =5 C?CAB8; A;CG0O: 45AL 8H! 8H, >D8F5@ >AC40@AB25==KE >B@O4>2, ;CGH89 4@C3 >;0. K 2A5 ?@5:@0A=> 7=05B5, :0: >=8 ?@>B82>AB>O;8 !5@K< ?@8H5;LF0< 4> B>3>, :0: ?>4>A?5;8 =0H8 1>52K5 <0H8=K! -B> >=8 =025;8 ?>@O4>: =0 ;L4510@0=5!  :>=F5 :>=F>2, 8H 4>1@0;AO 4> >;0 8 ?>E;>?0; 53> ?> ?;5GC. A:@5==5 @04COAL, >=8 :@5?:> ?>60;8 @C:8 4@C3 4@C3C, => A;>20 ?@825BAB289 8AG57;8 2 D>=B0=5 2>AB>@65==KE :@8:>2. >AB5?5==> 25AL MB>B HC< ?5@5@>A 2 0@H ?>154K =04 !5@K<8 ?@8H5;LF0<8. 8:B>@ 273;O=C; =0 =>2K9 ;8AB>:, 53> 4>2>;L=>5 2K@065=85 ;8F0 2=570?=> C;5BCG8;>AL. = CAB@5<8; A2>9 =0<5B0==K9 273;O4 2 AB>@>=C 04<8=8AB@0B82=>9 10H=8 >A<>?>@B0. 5A:>;L:> :0<5@ ?>25@=C;8AL 2 B>< 65 =0?@02;5=88. KBO=C2H8AL :0: H?030, 10H=O :0: 1C4B> ?@>BK:0;0 =51>. 0;:>= =0 A0<>9 25@ECH:5 1K; BI0B5;L=> 704@0?8@>20= G5<-B> 75;5=K<. '5@=0O 38@;O=40 87 21 72574K A28A0;0 A 10;:>==>9 @5H5B:8. ">;L:> GB>,- 87<5=82H8<AO 3>;>A>< ?@>3>2>@8; 8:B>@ - =0 10;:>=5 4<8=8AB@0B82=>9 10H=8 ?>O28;0AL A28B0 ;02=>3> @028B5;O. = 1K; C25@5=, GB> 2A5 459AB2CNI85 :0<5@K A59G0A =0?@02;5=K BC40. >B >=, A8=C, ;02=K9 @028B5;L 0;0:B8G5A:>9 >=D545@0F88!  MB> 2@5<O, A8=C, BO65;> >?8@0OAL =0 B@>ABL, 1>;55 ?>E>6CN =0 4C18=:C, ?>E@><0; : :@0N 10;:>=0. 3> A0@4>=8G5A:>5 ;8F> =5 2K@060;> =8G53>, :@><5 =5=028AB8. = >:8=C; =51@56=K< 273;O4>< B>;?C ;N459, AB>OI8E 2=87C 8 87>1@078; 3@8<0AC =5C4>2>;LAB28O. !<5E 8 <5;>488 >@:5AB@0 A<>;:;8. >;>A 8:B>@0 ?@5@20; =0?@O65==CN B8H8=C: !53>4=O 3> A>?@>2>6405B '8, 8=8AB@ >;8F88 >=D545@0F88 '8 >1;040; 3@C1K< =5AC@07=K< ;8F>< A 2K428=CB>9 2?5@54 G5;NABLN. 3> :204@0B=0O D83C@0 2 87<OB>< :>ABN<5 1K;0 7=0:><0 2A5<. '8 H03=C; : A8=C 8 2>8=AB25==> 3;O=C; 2=87. 8:B>@ 1K; @04 ?@59B8 : ?@54AB02;5=8N A;54CNI59 ?5@A>=K. #:0702 =0?@02;5=85 :0<5@0<, >= A 0?;><1>< A:070;: >A<>B@8B5, :B> ?@85E0; A A8=C. -B> 65 548 8=, =>20O 2>7;N1;5==0O @028B5;O!. 548 8= H03=C;0 : @5H5B:5 10;:>=0. =0 1K;0 25AL<0 ?@82;5:0B5;L=>9 65=I8=>9, 55 7>;>B>5 ?;0BL5 B>;L:> ?@84020;> ?@5;5AB8 @><0=B8G5A:><C >1@07C. 8:>3> =5 =C6=> C15640BL, GB> 548 8=  =0AB>OI0O 725740 0;0:B8:8! @5:@0A=> 45@60 A51O, >=0 ?@8A5;0 2 ?@825BAB25==>< @525@0=A5. >A;54>20; H:20; 0?;>48A<5=B>2. 548 8= ?>A;0;0 ;N4O< 2>74CH=K9 ?>F5;C9, 8 55 ?@>AB> 8A:C?0;8 2 >20F8OE. 8:B>@ =5 C?CAB8; 2>7<>6=>AB8 ?>A;0BL ?>F5;C9 2 >B25B, E>BO >=8 =5 1K;8 7=0:><K. ?OBL =0ABC?8;0 3@>1>20O B8H8=0, :>B>@0O ?C30;0 53>. 065BAO, =0 ?;>I048 ?@>8AE>48B GB>-B> =5?>=OB=>5,- ?@>3>2>@8; >=  > =5B, B0< ?@>AB> =0E>48BAO >;! 0<5@K =0IC?0;8 284 ?;>I048, 42>5 >?5@0B>@>2 ?>A<5;55 ?@>18;8AL A:2>7L ?>;8F59A:85 :>@4>=K : AC<0B>H=>9 B>;?5 8 ?KB0;8AL A=OBL ?@>8AE>4OI55, ?>4=O2 A2>8 >@C48O B@C40 =04 3>;>20<8. >; 8 8H 1K;8 1C:20;L=> 7060BK ;N4L<8.  MB> 2@5<O 87 04<8=8AB@0B82=>3> 740=8O 2KH;8 =5A:>;L:> G5;>25:,  @C:0E >=8 =5A;8 >3@><=K9 25=>: 87 F25B>2. !, - ?>GB8 2 2>AB>@35 ?@>:@8G0; 8:B>@--B> ?>40@>: 3>@>40 8 53> A59G0A ?>40@OB >;C, 5A;8, :>=5G=>, 4>15@CBAO 4> =53>  :>=F5 :>=F>2, 25=>:, <5AB0<8 ?>B@5?0==K9, A182 =0 1>: DC@06:C >;0, C?0; 5<C =0 ?;5G8. >; 8 >:@C602H85 70A<5O;8AL, => BCB : =8< ?@8A>548=8;8AL BKAOG8 ;N459, 28452H85 2A5 MB> =0 >3@><=>< M:@0=5. A5 MB> 2@5<O ?@54AB028B5;8 3>@>40 2K:@8:820;8 A;>20 ?@825BAB28O, => >=8 15AA;54=> 8AG570;8 2 2>74CE5, B0: 8 =5 4>AB830O CH59 >;0. A8=C 8 '8 2=8<0B5;L=> 278@0;8 =0 F5@5<>=8N. 065BAO, >= 2A5340 1C45B B0:8< ?>?C;O@=K<,- A:070; A8=C. #D!, - ?>A;54>20; :@0A=>@5G82K9 >B25B '8. < >AB020;>AL B>;L:> A<>B@5BL 2 =51> 8;8 =01;N40BL B@8C<D >;0, 0 3>;>A 8:B>@0 ?@>4>;60; 72CG0BL =0 38?5@72C:>2>9 2>;=5 =0 <=>385 BKAOG8, A>B=8 BKAOG A25B>2KE ;5B. >AB8 ?@>4>;60NB ?@81K20BL, 02B@0 >=8 2AB@5BOBAO =0 4>;3>640==>< 1I530;0:B8G5A:>< >=3@5AA5 2054, :>B>@K9 ?@>945B 2 0?8B>;88  3 >; ?>4>640;, ?>:0 70 =8< 02B><0B8G5A:8 70:@>NBAO 425@8, 8 ?5@5A5: 1>;LH>9 E>;;. 66 D;03>2, 70:@5?;5==KE =0 4;8==KE H5AB0E, 25;8G5AB25==> @072520;8AL. 0 :064>< :@0A>20;>AL 8<O ?;0=5BK 8;8 72574K, =0?8A0==>5 7>;>B><. 3@><=K5 A2>4K >:>= ?@>?CA:0;8 4>AB0B>G=>5 :>;8G5AB2> A25B0. !>B=8 CG0AB=8:>2 C65 70=O;8 A2>8 <5AB0 8 B5?5@L <8@=> 15A54>20;8 4@C3 A 4@C3><. 5:>B>@K5 ;>28;8 1KAB@K9 273;O4 >;0 8 2K:@8:820;8 5<C A2>8 ?@825BAB28O.  :>=F5 70;0 =0E>48;AO E>@, :>B>@K9 C4>1=> @07<5AB8;AO =0 GCBL ?@8?>4=OB>< 10;:>=5. 5@54 E>@>< A845; @E85?8A:>?, 53> 2KA>:89 :;>1C: 1K; 1>30B> C:@0H5= :0<=O<8 8 ?5@5;820;AO 2A5<8 F25B0<8 @04C38. > 3;070 >;0 1K;8 CAB@5<;5=K =0 B@81C=C. 0 ?5@2>< @O4C A845; ;02=K9 !C4LO, GCBL 2KH5, >1;0G82H8AL 2 G5@=CN @>1C, ?>4 ?5G0BLN >=D545@0F88, A845; A0< A8=C. @>H;> <3=>25=85, 8 8E 3;070 2AB@5B8;8AL. >; 428=C;AO ?> 4;8==><C ?@>E>4C, ABC: 53>, ?>418BKE <5B0;;><, :>A<8G5A:8E 1>B8=>: ?@>=87K20; B8H8=C 70;0. '8, A84OI89 ?> ;52CN @C:C >B A8=C, ?@8AB0;L=> A;548; 70 >;><, 8 53> @C:8 G5A0;8AL >B 65;0=8O 4>AB0BL BI0B5;L=> A?@OB0==K9 1;0AB5@. !?>:>9AB285 >;0 2?5G0B;O;>. 82:>< 3>;>2K, >= ?>?@825BAB2>20; A84OI8E. = =5 A?0; MB>9 =>GLN, ?@>254O 55 2 15A540E A A5:@5B0@5< >@30=870F8>==>3> :><8B5B0, 8 B5?5@L 1K; 2 :C@A5 2A5E 45;. 3> <5AB> =0E>48;>AL ?5@54 B@81C=>9. 8H C65 A845; B0< 8 A59G0A C;K10;AO 5<C, >;C. >; >AB0=>28;AO, 5I5 @07 >A<>B@5; 70; 8 B@81C=C. >9<02 7;>1=K9 273;O4 '8 8 ?@57@8B5;L=CN CE<K;:C A8=C, >= A5;. D8F5@, A84OI89 70 =8<, ?>E;>?0; 53> ?> ?;5GC 8 A?@>A8;: K A>18@05B5AL >1AC640BL MB>B 2>?@>A ?@O<> A59G0A? B0:0 ;CGH89 A?>A>1 =0?045=8O, - >B25B8; >;. !:>@55, MB> 1C45B ;>1>2>9 C40@,- 4>1028; 8H. D8F5@, >4>1@82 A:070==>5, A5; =0 <5AB>. A8=C 27O; 2 @C:8 <>;>B>: 8 C40@8; 8< 2 3>=3, 28AOI89 ?>7048 53>. 3;CH0NI89 72>= ?@>=5AAO ?> 70;C. !53>4=O <K 2A5 A>1@0;8AL 745AL, 8 O, A8=C, ;02=K9 @028B5;L 0;0:B8G5A:>9 :>=D545@0F88, >1JO2;ON >=3@5AA 2054 >B:@KBK<!. %>@ 70?5; B>@65AB25==K9 38<=, A>B=8 CG0AB=8:>2 >=3@5AA0, A=O2 A2>8 DC@06:8, AB>O;8 ;8F>< : B@81C=5. ! B>@65AB25==K< ;8F>< ?>4=O;AO @E85?8A:>?, ?>3@C65==K9 2 72C:8 E>@0, =0E>482H53>AO C =53> 70 A?8=>9. >A;5 CA?5H=>3> 7025@H5=8O 38<=0 >= ?>4=O; ;04>=L 225@E 8 53> 72>=:89, =5<=>3> 6C660I89 3>;>A @0A?;K;AO ?> 70;C: , A5<>3CI89 >3, 1;03>A;>28 =0HC 0;0:B8G5A:CN >=D545@0F8N, 21 72574C, 76 75;5=KE ?;0=5B, B@8;;8>=K 8E 68B5;59. C4L <8;>AB82 : =0<, ;N4O<, 8 : >=3@5AAC. %@0=8 <8@ 8 1;03>?>;CG85 2 4><5 4;O =0A 8 =0H8E ?>B><:>2. A5 70=O;8 A2>8 <5AB0; A5:@5B0@L, AB>O2H89 2 A0<>< :>=F5 70;0, 3@><:> >1JO28;: 5@2>5 70A540=85 >=3@5AA0 >B:@KB>!. >; AB>O; 8 A?>:>9=> 278@0; =0 2A5, GB> >:@C60;> 53>. -B>B >=3@5AA, - =0G0; >= - A>1@0;AO 87-70 ?>O282H59AO C3@>7K <56?;0=5B=>9 @52>;NF88 > 70;C ?@>:0B8;AO @>:>B. A5 1K;8 A0<> 2=8<0=85.  B5G5=85 10 ;5B ?>A;5 ?>A;54=53> >=3@5AA0 1K;8 8740=K =5:>B>@K5 70:>=K, =5 @0B8D8F8@>20==K5 =0 ?@>H54H8E 70A540=8OE A8=C ?><@0G=5;, >= 8 =5 ?@54?>;030;, GB> >; >A<5;8BAO =0 ?>4>1=>5. A;8 <K 459AB28B5;L=> E>B8< 1KBL ?>;57=K<8 =0H5<C =0@>4C 8 ?>ABC?8BL G5AB=>, <K 4>;6=K =5<54;5==> @0AA<>B@5BL MB8 ?A524>70:>=K, 2=5AB8 87<5=5=8O, ?@>3>;>A>20BL 8 ?@8=OBL, 8;8 =5 ?@8=OBL, 8E 0; =0?>;=8;AO =5?>=OB=K< 6C660=85<. A8=C ?@8;>68; CA8;8O 8 A<5=8; 2K@065=85 ;8F0, =0452 >4=C 87 A2>8E @01>G8E <0A>::  :0:8E 87<5=5=8OE 845B @5GL?  MB> 2@5<O 8H ?@540; >;C :@0A82> >D>@<;5==CN 1@>HN@C, =0 :>B>@CN ?>A;54=89 4065 =5 273;O=C;. >;55 G5< 420 AB>;5B8O ?@8=OBK5 B0:8< >1@07>< 70:>=K =5?@5<5==> ?@>20;820;8AL, => A53>4=O <K AB0;8 70<5G0BL, GB> 2>B C65 8 ;5B 6825< ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?>4 3=5B><! A8=C ?@>4>;60; A45@6820BL A51O, 8 1K; ?>;=>ABLN C25@5= 2 A2>8E A8;0E. >; 273;O=C; =0 1@>HN@C 2 53> @C:0E: 5@A>=0;L=K9 ?>4>E>4=K9 =0;>3, 10=: >B?5G0B:>2 ?0;LF52 2A5E 3@0640=, 845=B8D8:0F8>==K5 :0@B>G:8, ?0A?>@B0! >; >BH2K@=C; 1@>HN@C 2 AB>@>=C. "KAOG8 ;5B <K ?@5:@0A=> >1E>48;8AL 157 MB>3>. > A53>4=O MB8 ?>@O4:8 =0A0640NBAO =0 2A5E ?;0=5B0E >=D545@0F88 '8 GB>-B> 70H5?B0; =0 CE> A8=C, B>B 70304>G=> C;K1=C;AO: 3;O=8B5AL, 2 :0:85 2@5<5=0 <K 6825<! A5 MB8 <5@K  ;8HL 04<8=8AB@0B82=0O >B25BAB25==>ABL 70 ?>445@60=85 ?>@O4:0, ?@>F25B0=8O 8 A?>:>9AB28O =0 ?;0=5B0E !:@5AB82 ?0;LFK 8 ?@8=O2 =0 A51O ?>4E>4OI89 284, >= 2KA:070; >1I58725AB=CN 8AB8=C: A;8 C =0A 1C45B 10=: >B?5G0B:>2, <K A<>65< >?5@0B82=> A?@02;OBLAO A @>AB>< ?@5ABC?=>AB8!  :>=F5 70;0 @0740;AO :@8:: A;8 MB0 A8AB5<0 B0: MDD5:B82=0, B> ?>G5<C 70 2A5 8 ;5B 55 2=54@5=8O C@>25=L ?@5ABC?=>AB8 2K@>A 2 5 @07? >; :82=C; 3>;>2>9. 04=OO 425@L >B:@K;0AL, 8 6 A;C60I8E 2:0B8;8 6 7020;5==KE 4>:C<5=B0<8 AB>;8:>2. !B>;8:8 ?>AB028;8 ?5@54 >;><. #:07K20O =0 >3@><=K5 :CG8 1C<03, >= A:070;: >B 745AL, 0H5 !8OB5;LAB2>, =0E>4OBAO C3>;>2=K5 45;0 A 76 ?;0=5B 70 ?>A;54=85 10 ;5B, 60;>1K, ?5B8F88, 0 B0:65 D8=0=A>2K5 >BG5BK A C60A0NI8< ?>:070B5;5< C@>2=O 8=D;OF88! = =5<=>3> ?>4>640;, ?>:0 >H0@0H5==K9 70; CA?>:>8BAO. >; 2K3;O45; 25AL<0 C25@5==> 8 C1548B5;L=>. 2545=85 8=48284C0;L=>3> ?>4>E>4=>3> =0;>30 8 :@548B=KE 70?8A59 ?@825;> : B>B0;L=>9 70A5:@5G5==>AB8 D8=0=A>2>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 10=:>2. = 2K1@0; =5A:>;L:> ?5B8F89, :>B>@K5 ?@54AB02;O;8 A>1>9 @C;>=K A 45AOB:0<8 BKAOG ?>4?8A59, 8 ?>A;5 153;>3> ?@>A<>B@0 ?5@540; 8E A8=C. > A8=C 1K;> =5 4> :0:8E-B> ?5B8F89, 8 >= >B<0E=C;AO. >; ?@>4>;60;: "0:85 =>2>22545=8O - A2>53> @>40 <5E0=87<, :>B>@K9 ?@52@0I05B ;N459 2 @01>2, ?>402;O5B 8E 8=8F80B82C 8 2A5;O5B 2 =8E AB@0E = ?@8AB0;L=> 273;O=C; =0 A8=C, 53> 3>;>A AB0=>28;AO B25@65. -B> <5E0=87< B8@0=88 8 C3=5B5=8O, >@C485 2 @C:0E ;>2:8E @01>2;045;LF52. 0640O 87 MB8E <5@ ?5@5:@K205B A2>1>4=>5 4KE0=85 =0H8E 3@0640= 7 70;0 ?>AB>O==> 4>=>A8;8AL :@8:8 >4>1@5=8O. 0A5;5=85 AB0;8 AG8B0BL 4>9=>9 :>@>2>9, A :>B>@>9 ?>;CG0NB =0;>38 8 ?@>G85 ?;0B568.  B5?5@L 2K AB0;8 <0@:8@>20BL 2A5E :0: 682>B=KE 2 AB045. 065 2 H:>;5 2K B25@48B5 45BO<, GB> >=8 682>B=K5. > <K =5 AB04> 8 =5 ?@8=04;568< 20<! K A2>1>4=K5 682K5 ACI5AB20, 0 =5 @01K 3>AC40@AB20.  ;N1>5 ?@028B5;LAB2>, ?>?8@0NI55 MB>B D0:B, 4>2545B 8 A51O 8 25AL =0@>4 4> ?>;=>3> C=8GB>65=8O. -B> =5 >B45;L=>5 <=5=85, MB> 8AB>@8O!  70;5 @0740;8AL 0?;>48A<5=BK. >=>;>3 1K; ?@5@20= A8=C: A5 ?@8=OBK5 <5@K 1K;8 687=5==> =5>1E>48<K! = C40@8; 2 3>=3, GB>1K CA?>:>8BL 0C48B>@8N. / 2K7K20N A2>53> A2845B5;O. >@4 5;L, H5D "09=>9 >;8F88, 2KABC?05B :0: A2845B5;L, - ?@54AB028; =>2>3> 3>ABO A5:@5B0@L. 0=025A >B:@K;AO 8 5;L >:070;AO 2 70;5. = 1K; >45B 2 A5@>-75;5=CN C=8D>@<C, C25H0==CN 1;5ABOI8<8 30;C=0<8. 5;L ?>4>H5; : A8=C 8 2AB0; A?@020 >B =53>. '5@=K5 3;070 ;8E>@04>G=> ?>1;5A:820;8, <O3:>5 ;8F> 1K;> ?>4>7@8B5;L=K<. 48=AB25==K9 ?CBL A>2;040BL A ?@5ABC?=>ABLN, - =0G0; 5;L, MB> 7=0BL <5AB>=0E>645=85 ;N1>3> 3@0640=8=0 2 ;N1>9 <><5=B 2@5<5=8. N48 ?> A2>59 ?@8@>45 :@8<8=0;L=K. 57 :0@B>G5:, 157 8=48284C0;L=KE 4>AL5...  157 3@O7=KE ?>;8F59A:8E 4>=>A>2!- 4>=5A;>AL 87 70;0. ...157 4>AL5, - ?@>4>;60; 5;L, - 157 ?0A?>@B>2 @01>B0 ?>;8F59A:8E =52>7<>6=0. K ?@>2>F8@C5B5 =0@>4=>5 =54>2>;LAB2>!, - :B>-B> 2K:@8:=C; 87 70;0. > 5;L ?@>4>;60; 70I8I0BLAO: K =5 A<>65B5 >AB0=>28BL ?@5ABC?=>ABL, 5A;8 =5 1C45B5 CA<0B@820BL ?@5ABC?=>5 =0G0;> :064>3> G5;>25:0. K 4>;6=K 8<5BL 10=: >B?5G0B:>2, GB>1K >?>7=020BL ?@>?02H8E ;N459 8 =0945==K5 B@C?K.... @><:89 A<5E 703;CH8; ?;0<5==>5 2KABC?;5=85. 5;L =5 1K; 3>B>2 : B0:>9 <0AA>2>9 >??>78F88. >A<>B@52 =0 A8=C, =0 >=3@5AA, >= H03 70 H03>< CH5;. A8=C A >AB5@25=5=85< ?@8=O;AO :>;>B8BL 2 3>=3. !5:@5B0@L, ?>;CG82 >B A8=C =570<5B=K9 7=0:, A=>20 >1JO28;: >@4 'C, @57845=B 0=:0. 0=025A ?@8>B:@K;AO 8 ?5@54 >=3@5AA>< ?@54AB0; B>;ABK9, ?CE;K9 G5;>25:, 1>;LH5 ?>E>689 =0 A28=LN. 3> >45640 1K;0 >1KG=>9, E>BO G5BK@5 1@8;;80=B>2K5 1C;02:8 2 53> 30;ABC:5 8 >3@><=K5 ?5@AB=8 =0 :064>< ?0;LF5 74>@>2> 2K45;O;8 53>. = >G5=L =5@2=8G0; 8 ?>AB>O==> :@CB8; >48= 87 ?5@AB=59. / >G5=L @04, GB> <=5 2K?0;0 G5ABL 2KABC?8BL 2 >=3@5AA5. 5A><=5==>, 2A5 ?@>B82>@5G8O =0 MB>< >=3@5AA5 CAB@0=8<K. K 2848B5.., - 87 70;0 ?>AK?0;8AL A<5H:8, ...2K 2848B5, GB> 2 40==K9 <><5=B >=D545@0F8O =5 ?;0B565A?>A>1=0. # =0A <=>3> 4>;3>2.... 4=0:> <K 1K;8 ?;0B565A?>A>1=K 5I5 =5A:>;L:> ;5B =0704! - >?OBL 4>=5AAO G59-B> 3>;>A 87 0C48B>@88. 0, 2K A>25@H5==> ?@02K, => MB> 1K;> ;8HL 2848<>ABLN 1;03>?>;CG8O. K =5 CG8BK205B5 @0AE>4K =0 1>@L1C A !5@K<8 ?@8H5;LF0<8, 0 :07=0 >:070;0AL ?CAB>9!  8B>35, <K ?@54;>68;8 225AB8 8=48284C0;L=K9 ?>4>E>4=K9 =0;>3. 8G=> O AG8B0N, GB> MB> >B=>A8B5;L=> <O3:0O <5@0. >; A?>:>9=> 8 C25@5==> ?>A<>B@5; =0 =53>. -B8 ?5B8F88 4>:07K20NB, GB> 22545=85 8=48284C0;L=>3> ?>4>E>4=>3> =0;>30 ?>2;5:;> 48:CN 8=D;OF8N 8 M:>=><8G5A:89 :@878A =0 2A5E ?;0=5B0E. @028B5;LAB2> 15@5B 45=L38 C ;N459 8 :><?0=89, E>BO =5 <>65B >15A?5G8BL 8E 40;L=59H89 >1>@>B. &5=K 2K@>A;8 242>5, 2B@>5, G5B25@>, GB>1K :><?5=A8@>20BL ?>B5@8 1N465B0. /@>AB=> :@CBO A2>8 ?5@AB=8, ?KB0OAL 2K9B8 87 70B@C4=8B5;L=>3> ?>;>65=8O, 'C A:070;: !0<K5 >?KB=K5 M:>=><8ABK A>25B>20;8 ?@8=OBL MB8 <5@K. 7 70;0 4>=5AAO =0AB>9G82K9 3>;>A: 0: @54A540B5;L -:>=><8G5A:>3> ><8B5B0 O E>B5; 1K =0?><=8BL 20<, GB> 10=:8 ?@>F25B0;8 704>;3> 4> 22545=8O MB>9 A8AB5<K. 0, MB> B0:. / >A<5;NAL A:070BL, GB> 4065 A>3;0A5= A 20<8. 0=: =5 O2;O5BAO ?>;8B878@>20==>9 G0ABLN @028B5;LAB20, 8 >=> =5 8<55B ?@020 2B>@30BLAO 2 =0H8 2=CB@5==85 45;0. @028B5;LAB2> AG8B05BAO A =0<8 B>;L:> B>340, :>340 15@5B C =0A 45=L38,- B@8C<D0;L=> 70:>=G8; A2>5 2KABC?;5=85 'C, 8, =0?CA:0O =0 A51O =57028A8<K9 284, >= C40;8;AO. A8=C 2 >G5@54=>9 @07 C40@8; 2 3>=3. 0209B5 >1@0B8<AO : D0:B0<, 2A5 MB8 <5@K C65 =0E>4OBAO 2 459AB288. #25;8G5=85 ?>;8F59A:>3> A>AB020, @5D>@<0 845=B8D8:0F8>==>9 A8AB5<K 8 C25;8G5=85 =0;>3>2 =5>1E>48<K, GB>1K ?>4028BL 2A5 =0@>640NI85AO =0@>4=K5 =54>2>;LAB20. 5>A?>@8<>, GB> =0A5;5=85 4>;6=> =0E>48BAO ?>4 :>=B@>;5<, - @028B5;L AB>O; =0 A2>5<. 4=8< 87 53> 701;C645=89 1K;> B>, GB> >= 2A5340 AG8B0; A51O ?@02K< 2> 2A5<. -B> ;530;L=K5 <5@K. =48284C0;L=K9 ?>4>E>4=K9 =0;>3 =5>1E>48< 4;O B>3>, GB>1K =0?>;=8BL :07=C. 0A?>@B0  4;O B>3>, GB>1K >AB0=>28BL ?@5ABC?=>ABL. A5 MB8 =>2>22545=8O 8<5NB A8;C 70:>=>2, =5A<>B@O =8 =0 GB>.... >; 70A<5O;AO: 5 B>@>?8B5AL, 0H5 !8OB5;LAB2>. 0:>=K ?@8=8<0NBAO B>;L:> >=3@5AA><!. = ?>25@=C;AO : 70;C: 54>AB0B>: 2A5E MB8E 70:>=>2 2 B><, GB> 70 8E A>1;N45=85 >B25G05B "09=0O >;8F8O. 0 A>25AB8 MB>3> >@30=0 8A:>25@:0==K5 687=8 ;N459, :>B>@K5 ?> B5< 8;8 8=K< ?@8G8=0< ;8H0;8AL @01>BK. # MB8E =5AG0AB=KE =5 >AB05BAO 4@C3>3> 2KE>40, :0: >1@0B8BLAO 2 ?@5ABC?=K5 >@30=870F88. <5==> B0:8< >1@07>< ?>?>;=ONBAO @O4K 3@018B5;59 8 C189F. 'B> :0A05BAO 845=B8D8:0F8>==KE :0@B>G5:, B> 8E 1C4CB 8<5BL B>;L:> 70:>=>?>A;CH=K5 3@0640=5, 0 ?@5ABC?=8:8 >?OBL >AB0=CBAO 2 AB>@>=5. 48=AB25==K9 2KE>4 87 A;>682H53>AO ?>;>65=8O  ?@5:@0B8BL 3>=5=8O 8 @5?@5AA88, >AB028BL <8=8<C< ?>;8F88. > @028B5;LAB2> B>;L:> CA8;8205B A2>9 3=5B, G5< =02;5:05B @52>;NF8>==CN A8BC0F8N. >65B @0725@=CBLAO 2>9=0, :>B>@0O ?@82545B : C=8GB>65=8N F5;KE =0@>4>2. AB>@8O ?>:070;0, GB> A=0G0;0 <K 4>;6=K =09B8, 0 70B5< CAB@0=8BL ?@8G8=K =0@>4=>3> =54>2>;LAB20. "0:8< >1@07><, 70:>=K, =5 CAB@0820NI85 3@0640=, =5 <>3CB 8<5BL A8;C, 0 @028B5;LAB2>, ?>445@6820NI55 MB8 70:>=K, =5 <>65B ?@028BL. / ?@54;030N @0A?CAB8BL ACI5AB2CNI89 ?@028B5;LAB25==K9 >@30=, 0 70:>=K  0==C;8@>20BL. A8=C >140;> E>;>4><.  70;5 =0G0;AO 154;0<. ;02=K9 @028B5;L =0G0; 2?040BL 2 O@>ABL. 0 AB5=0<8 >=3@5AA0 AB>O;0 B>;?0, >68402H0O @57C;LB0B>2 70A540=8O. =570?=> @0740;AO >3;CH8B5;L=K5 ?>7K2=K5 3>@=>2. ">;?K ;N459 27>@20;8AL A<5E>< 8 48:8<8 :@8:0<8. 4=8 ?@K30;8, 4@C385 B0=F520;8, 8 B>;L:> >4=0 AB0@0O ;548 ?@>4>;60;0 ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5BL =0 AB5=K >=3@5AA0. =0 <54;5==> >?CAB8;0AL, ?> 55 I5:5 ?>B5:;0 A;570. 5 42>5 2=C:>2 1K;8 0@5AB>20=K 8 ?>A065=K 2 BN@L<C 70 =5C?;0BC =0;>3>2, 8 AB0@CH:0, C65 >BG0O2H0OAO 8E C2845BL, B8E> @04>20;0AL 8E ?@54AB>OI5<C >A2>1>645=8N.  B>;?0 ?;OA0;0 8 :@C68;0AL 2>:@C3 =55. 02>4A:0O AB>;>20O, 345 >1540;8 @01>G85, 1K;0 ?>3@C65=0 2 B8H8=C. 5>6840==> B0@5;:8 A 54>9 8 2A5, GB> ?>?040;>AL ?>4 @C:C, ?>;5B5;> 2 2>74CE. 01>G85 ?@K30;8 =0 AB>;K, B0=F520;8 8 :@8G0;8. 0AB5@ ?>4=O;AO 2 A;C651=CN :><=0BC 8 2:;NG8; ?>60@=CN A8@5=C, 2A5 F5E0 =0?>;=8;8AL >3;CH8B5;L=K< 72>=><. !2OI5==8: 72>=8; 2> 2A5 :>;>:>;0, 45@30O 70 2A5 25@52:8, :>B>@K5 <>3 4>AB0BL. #;8FK 1K;8 70?@C65=K <0H8=0<8 8 ;N4L<8, BKAOG8 3;07 CAB@5<8;8AL =0 C;8G=K9 M:@0=. >@>B:0O D@070 @54;>65=85 ?@8=OB>! ?>459AB2>20;0 :0: A83=0; : <0AA>2><C 42865=8N. N48 :@8G0;8 >B 2>AE8I5=8O, <0H8=K A83=0;8;8. A5 A;>20 8AG570;8 2 3@>E>B5. "@>5 <>;>4KE ;N459 1@>A8;8AL =0 704=55 A845=85 A2>53> 02B>1CA0, 345 BI0B5;L=> 1K;0 A?@OB0=0 =51>;LH0O 3@0=0B0. !>@202 27@K20B5;L, >=8 1@>A8;8 55 2 <CA>@=K9 10: 8 >B1560;8 =0 157>?0A=>5 @0AAB>O=85, GB>1K ?@>=01;N40BL 70 >3;CH8B5;L=K< 27@K2><. C:>2>48B5;L B5;52878>==>9 AB0=F88 ;02=>9 ?;0=5BK 2>;=>20;AO 8 :@8G0; A2>8< B5E=8:0<, GB>1K B5 A59G0A 65 =0;048;8 A2O7L A 4@C38<8 ?;0=5B0<8. "5E=8: ?KB0;AO A>548=8BL :015;8, => >B 4@>68 2 @C:0E MB> C40;>AL 5<C A B@5BL53> @070. 8:B>@, =5 4>6840OAL 75;5=>3> A83=0;0, =0G0; 25I0BL =0 2A5 ?;0=5BK: =8<0=85, 2=8<0=85! 0 ?5@2>< 70A540=88 1K;> ?@8=OB> @5H5=85 @0A?CAB8BL 459AB2CNI55 @028B5;LAB2>. B<5=5=K 2A5 70:>=K, A2O70==K5 A 22545=85< ?0A?>@B>2 8 C25;8G5=85< =0;>3>2. AB0209B5AL A =0<8, 8 2K 1C45B5 2 :C@A5 2A5E ?@>8AE>4OI8E A>1KB89!.  MB> 2@5<O >B:@K;0AL 425@L, 8 =0 <3=>25=85 8:B>@ CA;KH0; @04>AB=K5 :@8:8 ;8:>20=8O. @8H5; >48= 87 53> @5?>@B5@>2. 04 3>@>4>< 27@K20;8AL 1C:5BK D595@25@:0, >B@060OAL 2> 2A5E >:=0E B5;52878>==>9 10H=8. 5?>@B5@ ?5@540; 5<C :0:CN-B> 1C<03C. 8:B>@, 5420 ?@>G8B02 55, 70:@8G0;: 5<54;5==> A2O70BLAO A 42>@F>< >;! =5 =C6=> 2A5, 2A5 45B0;8, 8=B5@2LN!.  4 548 8= 2 MB> 2@5<O =0E>48;0AL 2 ?@8E>659. >;A>B=8 6C@=0;8AB>2 >A0640;8 55 A2>8<8 2>?@>A0<8. ?, 55 ;8G=K9 A5:@5B0@L, @>A:>H=> >45BK9 <>;>4>9 G5;>25:, BI5B=> ?KB0;AO >3@048BL 548 >B =0ABC?02H8E >E>B=8:>2 70 3>@OG59 8=D>@<0F859. 548, A:068B5, :0: >B@5038@>20; =0 =5402=85 A>1KB8O A8=C?. 548 8= 2A53> ;8HL 1;5ABOI0O 0:B@8A0, =5 8<5NI0O =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : ?>;8B8:5. >A?>40, ?>60;C9AB0, - 2AB028; A2>N @5?;8:C A5:@5B0@L. #65 A;54CNI89 6C@=0;8AB :@8G0;: @0240 ;8, GB> >; ?@54>B2@0B8; 48:B0B A8=C =04 ?;0=5B0<8?. >?@>AK AK?0;8AL >48= 70 4@C38<. 59AB28B5;L=> ;8 2K E>B5;8 ?@>25AB8 ;5B=89 >B?CA: =0 A?CB=8:5?. -B> ?@>4>;60;>AL F5;CN 25G=>ABL. 548 8= ?>B8E>=L:C >BABC?0;0 =0704, 2A5 5I5 ?KB0OAL 45@60BL A51O =0 4>;6=>< C@>2=5. 5 :@0A=>5 25G5@=55 ?;0BL5 AJ5E0;> =0 >4=> ?;5G>, ?@8G5A:0, C:@0H5==0O 4@03>F5==>9 70:>;:>9, A18;0AL.  55 CH0E AB>O; =52>>1@078<K9 3@>E>B. ?, A45;09B5 GB>-=81C4L!- 70:@8G0;0 >=0. 548, O =5 7=0N, :0: <>6=> A>2;040BL A >157C<52H8<8 682>B=K<8!. = C2845;, GB> 548 AB0@05BAO ?@>1@0BLAO : 425@8 8 55 @C:0 =0IC?K205B 70<>:, GB>1K >B:@KBL 53>. C40 2K, 548?. > >=0 C65 ?@>A:>;L7=C;0 2 C7:CN I5;L, ? 1@>A8;AO : 425@8, 8 ?><>3 70:@KBL 55 A=0@C68. 07JO@5==0O B>;?0 6C@=0;8AB>2 ?@8=O;0AL >BB0;:820BL 53>, GB>1K >B:@KBL 425@L, => 548 8= CA?5;0 70?5@5BLAO. 548 >?CAB8;0AL =0 ?>;, 87-70 425@8 2A5 5I5 4>=>A8;8AL :@8:8 ?@5AAK. # =55 6CB:> 1>;5;0 =>30. 'B> >=0 <>3;0 A45;0BL? >A;54=55 2@5<O A8=C 459AB28B5;L=> 1K; 48:B0B>@><. A8=C, :>B>@K9 B0: =5=02845; 65=I8=, 2K1@0; 55, 8<5==> 55. 0: >=0, 725740 B50B@0, <>3;0 >B:070BL <C? 064K9 7=0;, GB> A:070BL =5B >7=0G05B A;><0BL A2>N :0@L5@C 8 687=L. >:0 ? ;><0; 3>;>2C =04 A;>682H59AO A8BC0F859, 548 ?@51K20;0 2 =5?>=OB=>< A>AB>O=88. 0:>=5F, >=0 >A<>B@5;0AL. =8 =0E>48;8AL 2 >4=>< 87 >D8A>2 A8=C. ><=0B0 1K;0 25;8:>;5?=> >1AB02;5=0, 2A5 1K;> >118B> :@0A=K< 10@E0B>< 8 C:@0H5=> 7>;>B><. 45AL 1K; =51>;LH>9 10@, 2 F5=B@5 AB>O; G5@=K9 AB>;. ;02=K< 65 >1J5:B>< >D8A0 1K;0 :><?LNB5@=0O ?0=5;L. > 55 3;070 8A:0;8 GB>-B> 4@C3>5, 8 >=0 =0H;0. -B> 1K; @>A:>H=K9 4820=, : :>B>@><C 548 =570<54;8B5;L=> =0?@028;0AL. 4=0 BCD;O A>@20;0AL A 55 =>38, => 548 =5 >1@0B8;0 =0 =55 =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. 0:>=5F >=0 ?>E@><0;0 4> 4820=0 8 @CE=C;0 =0 =53>.  H8@>:85 >:=0 3;O45; ?@074=8G=K9 25G5@=89 3>@>4. 548 7063;0 A830@5BC, => BCB 65 ?>;>68;0 55 2 ?5?5;L=8FC. 5 @C:0 =52>;L=> 4>B@>=C;0AL 4> 7>;>B>3> >65@5;LO =0 H55. ;07 =0B:=C;AO =0 2K3@028@>20==>5 87>1@065=85 A8=C =0 1@0A;5B5, :>B>@K9 2 B>B 65 <83 1K; A>4@0=. K1@>A82 1@0A;5B, 548 8= >?OBL CAB028;0AL 2 ?>B>;>:, 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 BO65;> 274KE0O. '53> >=0 4>18;0AL 70 2A5 MB> 2@5<O? 0: ?@5:@0A=> 2A5 =0G8=0;>AL, :>340 >=0 ?OB8;5B=59 452>G:>9 ?@8H;0 2 B50B@. =0 68;0 ?>4<>AB:0<8, 7@8B5;8 =5 G0O;8 2 =59 4CH8. >A;54=89 55 B2>@G5A:89 ?@>5:B 1K; 3@C1> ?@5@20= <>3CI5AB25==K< A8=C. # A8=C C65 2 B> 2@5<O 1K;0 ?>4<>G5==0O @5?CB0F8O, > =5< ?>AB>O==> E>48;8 A?;5B=8. = 1K; :0:8< B> 157C<=K<, 8 =5?>=OB=> GB> 70AB028;> 53> 2K1@0BL 2 ;N1>2=8FK 8<5==> 55. >65B 1KBL 702B@0 >=0 ?>;CG8B >B25BK =0 A2>8 2>?@>AK. 5G5@ ?;02=> ?5@5H5; 2 B8ECN =>GL. 548 8= ?@8AB0;L=> 2A<0B@820;0AL 2 40;5:85 72574K, 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 2>72@0I0OAL : @50;L=>AB8 8 AB@>O 4>304:8 > A2>59 40;L=59H59 AC4L15. 25@L @57:> @0A?0E=C;0AL. ?5@548 H5;, 25@=55, 2K?@K3820;, 'C, 3@C1> ?>4B0;:8205<K9 A7048 A8=C. @028B5;L 70:@K; 425@L =0 :;NG, 53> F5?:89 273;O4 A:>;L7=C; ?> 10@C, AB>;C 8 425@8. 0:>=5F >= CAB0;> ?@>H030; : :><?LNB5@C. 'C :@CB8; =0 ?0;LF5 ?5@AB5=L 8 A8=C :070;>AL, GB> MB>B ?0;5F A:>@> >B:@CB8BAO A0<. A5 ?@>?0;>!- 7028760; 'C. A5 :>=G5=>. -B> :>=5F. 57 4>?>;=8B5;L=KE :@548B>2 8 709<>2 <K =8:>340 =5 A<>65< @0A?;0B8BLAO A> AB0@K<8 :@548B>@0<8!. 0 ;8F5 A8=C =5 4@>3=C; =8 >48= <CA:C;. %>BO K 65 <>65B5 70AB028BL 8E ?>9B8 =0 CABC?:8! - ?@>4>;60; 'C. = 2>71C645==> ?>?@>A8; @07@5H5=8O A5ABL, => 8 2 :@5A;5 53> B5;> =5 =0H;> ?>:>O: >= =5@2=> 873810;AO 8 45@30;AO. K >15I0;8.... / =8:>340 =8G53> =5 >15I0N, - ?>A;54>20; 5<:89 >B25B. > G5@57 <3=>25=L5 53> B>= A<O3G8;AO 8 A8=C ?@>4>;68;: / ?@83;0A8; 0A AN40, <>9 ;N157=K9 ?>@>A5=>:, GB>1K >B40BL =5>1E>48<K5 ?@8:070=8O, 0 =5 ?0=8:>20BL 8 4020BL ?CABK5 >15I0=8O. 'C E8B@> ?>4=O; 1@>28: ><=8B5 <>N 845N ?><5AB8BL 25AL :0?8B0; 2 07=C?. 0, => B5?5@L 2A5 MB8 45=L38 4>;6=K 1KBL 87JOBK. ! MB8< <>3CB 1KBL ?@>1;5<K. 8G53> C4828B5;L=>3>, 254L MB0 1@54>20O 845O <>3;0 ?@89B8 B>;L:> 2 20HC 3>;>2C. 'C ?@>H81 E>;>4=K9 ?>B, 8 >= >?OBL 2?0; 2 ?0=8:C. > 2A59 2848<>AB8, A8=C @5H8; 459AB2>20BL A5@L57=>. K 4>;6=K ?@>25@=CBL MB> 45;>. >=3@5AA >BAB@0=8; <5=O >B 45; 8 70=O;AO @0AH8@5=85< ><8B5B0 ?> D8=0=A0<. "5?5@L 157 8E @07@5H5=8O <K =5 A<>65< >15A?5G8BL A515 =8 <0;59H53> :@548B0. / 7=0;, GB> >=8 ?@8153=CB 8<5==> : B0:><C <5B>4C 2>7459AB28O =0 <5=O, ?>B><C GB> O 2A5 5I5 >AB0NAL ?5@2K< ;8F>< >=D545@0F88 4> 2K1>@>2 2 A;54CNI5< 3>4C. 'C 274@>3=C;. A8=C ?@>4>;60;: K A>25@H5==> ?@02K, 2A5 <K C945< 2 >BAB02:C. %>BO 2>7<>6=>, GB> >=8 CGBCB 20H8 A?>A>1=>AB8 10=:8@0. > >=8 <>3CB B0:65 >1=0@C68BL 2A5 20H8 <0E8=0F88 A <8;;80@40<8 87 >1I5AB25==KE D>=4>2. A;8 ?>AB0@0BLAO, B> <>6=> ?@>A;548BL, :C40 CH;8 45=L38, ?@54=07=0G5==K5 =0 2>AAB0=>2;5=85 0AB5@>840. 54L >=8 CH;8 =5 40;LH5 20H53> :0@<0=0, <8;59H89.... %20B8B, E20B8B, - =5 2K45@60; 'C  K =5 4>;6=K ?@54020BL <5=O. >9 4>:B>@ A:070;.... @5:@0A=>, GB> <K ?>=8<05< 4@C3 4@C30,- ?@5@20; A8=C. = =0G0; 1KAB@> =068<0BL :;028H8 =0 :><?LNB5@=>9 CAB0=>2:5, :>B>@0O 874020;0 75;5=>20BK9 A25B, >B@0602H89AO =0 8E ;8F0E. @8<5@=> 420 <8;;80@40 4;O C2>;5==KE, G5BK@5  =0 ?>;8F8N...,- 1>@<>B0; A515 ?>4 =>A @028B5;L.  'C ?>AB5?5==> 2>72@0I0;AO B@572K9 C<; >= 2=8<0B5;L=> A;548; 70 <5;L:0=85< F8D@. 8=8<0;L=0O AC<<0 :@548B0  B@8;;8>=, - ?>4254O 8B>3, A:070; A8=C. 'C 70<5@, ?5@520@820O A:070==>5. 0 G0AB=KE AG5B0E B0:>9 AC<<K =5B. 'C 2A5 5I5 <>;G0;; 2 MB>B <><5=B >= 1K; =5 2 A>AB>O=88 ?@>87=5AB8 GB>  ;81>. ;8==K<8 ?0;LF0<8 A8=C ?@>4>;60; =068<0BL :=>?:8. !C<<0 =0 <>=8B>@5 C25;8G820;0AL :0: 35><5B@8G5A:0O ?@>3@5AA8O. 5 <>65B 1KBL! 5 <>65B 1KBL!  ?@><O<;8; 'C =0:>=5F, E>BO 53> <>73 C65 ?@>872>48; A;>6=59H85 2KG8A;5=8O.  :0: 65 <>8 :@548BK?. "K ?>;CG8HL 8E, - A:070; A8=C.  A<>3C ;8 O ?>;L7>20BLAO >1I5AB25==K<8 D>=40<8 2 A2>8E ;8G=KE F5;OE?. 5A><=5==>. 'C <54;5==> ?5@5@010BK20; ?>;CG5==CN 8=D>@<0F8N, H5?G0 ?>4 =>A GB>-B> ?@> B@8;;8>==K5 :@548BK, A5:@5B=K5 D>=4K 8 >BG5B=>ABL. = 4>H5; 4> 425@8 8 >3;O=C;AO, GB>1K ?>A<>B@5BL =0 A8=C, ?@51K20NI53> 2 ?@5:@0A=>< =0AB@>5=88, GB> 1K20;> >G5=L @54:>.  MB>B 65 <><5=B 2 425@OE ?>O28;0AL D83C@0 '8. ! <@0G=K< 8 157@07;8G=K< 284>< '8 ?;>B=> 70:@K; 425@L ?>A;5 'C 8 ?@>H5; 4> A5@548=K :018=5B0 A8=C ?>4=O;AO 87 :@5A;0 8 428=C;AO 2 =0?@02;5=88 10@0. = 459AB28B5;L=> 1K; 2 4CE5. @028B5;L >B:C?>@8; 1CBK;:C 8 =0G0; 3>B>28BL A515 :>:B59;L. '8 <>;G0;82> =01;N40; 70 =8<. 0:>=5F >= ?>72>;8; A515 274>E=CBL: K ?>B5@?5;8 ?>@065=85. A8=C CA<5E=C;AO, ?@>4>;60O 3>B>28BL 2K?82:C: 5B, <>9 4@C3, 83@0 =5 70:>=G8;0AL. A5 5I5 2?5@548!. '8 2KB5@ =>A>2K< ?;0B:>< 8A?0@8=C A 1C;L4>6L53> ;8F0. > 53> >3;CH5==><C A>AB>O=8N AB0;> 284=>, GB> >= =5 ?>=O; A;>2 A8=C. > MB> C65 2>?@>A 2@5<5=8. K 1C45B5 A25@65=K 2 B5G5=85 3>40. =8 ?@8:070;8 C=8GB>68BL 2A5 4>AL5, :0@B>B5:8, C=8GB>68BL 2AN :><?LNB5@=CN A8AB5<C 845=B8D8:0F88!. >@>3>9 <>9, GB> 20< <5H05B C=8GB>68BL 4@C385 4>AL5, A>25@H5==> 4@C3CN A8AB5<C? >9<8B5, C 20A 2 @C:0E >3@><=0O 2;0ABL 8 A8;0 =04 :064K<, :B> >?@545;5= 2 20H59 :0@B>B5:5, - 3>@OG> 2K?0;8; A8=C, ?@>BO3820O 2B>@>9 AB0:0= '8. @>60I59 @C:>9 '8 27O; ?@54;>65==K9 AB0:0=. 07C< 2>72@0I0;AO 2 MBC :204@0B=CN 3>;>2C; >= ?@8?>4=O; 1>:0;, GB>1K A:070BL B>AB, => BCB >= >?><=8;AO: > 345 <K 2>7L<5< 45=L38?. =8 C <5=O 5ABL. K >1;0405< >3@><=>9 AC<<>9 87 @07;8G=KE G0AB=KE 8 A5:@5B=KE D>=4>2. 8=8AB@ >;8F88 >:C=C;AO 2 ?>B>: <KA;59: B0:, <K =0G8=05< 2>AAB0=02;820BLAO ?>A;5 !5@>3> 0H5AB28O, A;54>20B5;L=>.... = B>@>?;82> 27O; :0@0=40H 8 =0G0; 87;030BL 2A5 =0 1C<035, => A8=C, >AB0282 =0 AB>;5 =54>?8BK9 1>:0;, AB@5<8B5;L=> ?>4>H5; : =5<C: 8:0:8E 70?8A59! A5 4>;6=> 1KBL :>=D845=F80;L=>. / 4065 A>25BCN 20< 87>1@5AB8 A>1AB25==K9 H8D@ 8 >3@0=8G8BL :@C3 ;N459 4;O >1I5=8O. A5 =C6=> BI0B5;L=> A?;0=8@>20BL. >;=0 =0@>4=>3> =54>2>;LAB28O 4>;6=0 ?@>:0B8BLAO =0 2A5E ?;0=5B0E >4=>2@5<5==>. 5 4>;6=> 1KBL =8:0:8E >AC40@AB25==KE D8F5@>2, =8:0:8E 30;0:B8G5A:8E :><0=48@>2. 5 1C45B >;0, >A>15==> 53>! - M:@0= :><?LNB5@0 70A25B8;AO 75;5=K< 8 A8=C ?@>4>;68;: =8 E>BOB <OB560! K 8A?>;=8< 8E 65;0=85. A5 <OB568 =0G8=0NBAO B>;L:> A 25@E>2, MB> ?>4B25@6405B 8AB>@8O. =570?=> A8=C >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 =0 A:>;L7OI89 ?> ?>;C 273;O4 '8, :>B>@K9 >AB0=>28;AO =0 1;5ABOI59 :@0A=>9 BCD;5. C:0 '8 =K@=C;0 ?>4 ?0;LB> 2 ?>8A:0E 1;0AB5@0. A8=C A45;0; 5<C 7=0:, 2AB0; A :@5A;0 8 ?@>H5; : 4820=C. 0 4820=5 ;560;0 548 8=. 5 3;070 1K;8 70:@KBK, => G0AB>5 4KE0=85 2K40;> <>;>4CN 65=I8=C. A8=C =0:;>=8;AO : =59 8 AE20B8; 55 70 2>;>AK. 548 ?>?KB0;0AL >BA:>G8BL : >:=C: / A?0;0!. >@>30O, MB8< A0<K< 2K ?@87=0;8AL, GB> A;KH0;8 :064>5 A;>2>, - ?@>@KG0; A8=C. 9, =0:>=5F, C40;>AL >A2>1>48BLAO >B 65;57=>9 E20B:8 A8=C, => @028B5;L =5 65;0; >AB0=02;820BLAO. / ?>;030N, GB> ?5@2>5 20H5 @5H5=85 1C45B 4>1@0BLAO 4> >;0. K 3@O7=0O AC:0!  >= A> 2A5E A8; B@OA 548 8=.  MB> 5ABL 20H0 1;03>40@=>ABL!  53> 3>;>A A>@20;AO =0 2873. K 8A?>;L7>20;8 <5=O, GB>1K 702>520BL ?>?C;O@=>ABL, - =5>6840==> >B25B8;0 548, => 2K 701K;8, GB> >1I5=0@>4=0O ;N1>2L =5 ?>:C?05BAO, 0 70A;C68205BAO!. A8=C >B1@>A8; 55 2 C3>;. '8 ?@>BO=C; 5<C 1;0AB5@: 06<8B5 :C@>:, 8 C =0A =5 1C45B =8:0:8E ?@>1;5< @028B5;L 27O; 1;0AB5@, 53> 3;070 AC78;8AL, 0 <>73 =0?@O65==> >F5=820; A8BC0F8N. 5B, =C6=> 459AB2>20BL 4@C38< A?>A>1><. 07@078BAO A:0=40;, 0 =0< MB> =C6=> <5=LH5 2A53>. = 4>H5; 4> AB>;0, 8, =0602 =0 :=>?:C, 2K720; 4>:B>@0. >:B>@ !B03, 3>A?8B0;878@C9B5 548 8=. 0, 59 ?;>E>. ><5AB8B5 55 2 ?0;0BC A >E@0=>9. 0:>=G82 @073>2>@, >= 4>2>;L=> 70A<5O;AO.  5 !?0;L=O 548 8= 1K;0 @>A:>H=>9; AB5=K 8 ?>B>;>: 1K;8 75@:0;L=K<8; >4=0 425@L 25;0 2 ?@8E>6CN, 4@C30O 2 20==CN :><=0BC. O4>< A >3@><=>9 :@>20BLN @>A:>H=K9 1C4C0@, C:@0H5==K9 7>;>B><. 0 AB5=5 <830;0 ?0=5;L A2O78. 548 15A?><>I=> ;560;0 =0 :@>20B8. =0 ?@8?>4=O;0 3>;>2C, => BCB 65 ?>GC2AB2>20;0 1>;L. >;5;> <5AB> CH810 =0 3>;>25. 5 A>AB>O=85 1K;> 1;87:> : ?0=8:5, => >=0 27O;0 A51O 2 @C:8. KA;8 1K;8 70=OBK ?@>8AH54H8<; A8=C =5 AB0; 1K 1>;B0BL ?@>AB> B0: > B0:8E A5@L57=KE 25I0E, :0: <5672574=0O @52>;NF8O. =0 <54;5==> ABO=C;0 A A51O ?>@20==>5 ?;0BL5 8 ?@>H;0 2 20==CN. 0<>G82 ?>;>B5=F5, 548 ?@8;>68;0 53> CH81;5==><C CEC. "8H8=C ?@5@20; 72C: >B:@K20NI53>AO 425@=>3> 70<:0. 25@L >B:@K; >:B>@ !B03; 2 E>;;5 53> 640;0 <54A5AB@0 A =>A8;:0<8 =0 :>;5A0E 8 >E@0=0. !B03 ?@8:@K; 425@L. -B> 1K; 4>2>;L=> 2KA>:89 G5;>25:, >45BK9 2> 2A5 G5@=>5. 0>AB@5==0O 1>@>4:0 8 >G:8 ?@84020;8 5<C 284 ?@>D5AA>@0. = 1K; ;8G=K< ?A8E80B@>< A8=C 8 5AB5AB25==> O2;O;AO 53> G5;>25:><. 3> ;520O @C:0 ?>AB>O==> =0E>48;0AL 70 A?8=>9. / 70H5; ?@>2540BL 20A, - A:070; >:B>@. 548 >B;>68;0 ?>;>B5=F5 2 AB>@>=C 8 2=8<0B5;L=> ?>A<>B@5;0 2 53> AB>@>=C. !?8=0 >:B>@0 ?@5:@0A=> >B@060;0AL 2 =0AB5==>< 75@:0;5, 8 548 >BG5B;82> @0AA<>B@5;0 H@8F-?8AB>;5B A ?@8;8G=>9 4>7>9 =0@:>B8:0. =0 7=0;0, GB> >4=>3> B0:>3> C:>;0 4>AB0B>G=>, GB>1K G5;>25: =0E>48;AO 2 15A?0<OBAB25 =5A:>;L:> 4=59. #A?>:>9B5AL 548 8=. -B> 2A53> ;8HL ;N1>2=0O AA>@0. / 402=> 7=0N A8=C, >= =5 <>65B A5@48BLAO 4>;3>, 8 A:>@> ?@>AB8B 20A. = =0G0; <54;5==> ?@>42830BLAO 2 AB>@>=C 548. # 20A 2=CH8B5;L=K9 A8=O: =0 I5:5. C6=> 53> >1@01>B0BL. 548 8= B>65 =0G0;0 <54;5==> 84B8 : >:B>@C: 59AB28B5;L=>, I5:0 >G5=L 1>;8B. >A<>B@8B5, ?>60;C9AB0. =0 ?>GB8 2?;>B=CN ?@81;878;0AL : >:C, => A?>B:=C;0AL. >:B>@ 8=AB8=:B82=> ?>445@60; 55 A2>1>4=>9 @C:>9. >A?>;L7>202H8AL <><5=B><, 548 CE20B8;0AL 70 H?@8F 8 =060;0 =0 ?0;5F >:B>@0, :>B>@K9 =0E>48;AO =0 :C@:5. 0?AC;0, ?@>B:=C2 E0;0B >:B>@0, 2>=78;0AL 2 =53>. = A<>B@5; =0 548 8= >10;452H8<8 3;070<8, 157<>;2=> E20B0O @B>< 2>74CE. '5@57 A5:C=4C >= C65 ;560; =0 :>2@5. =0 ?>4>H;0 : =5<C 8 ?>4=O;0 H?@8F. >:, 2K =8G5< =5 >B;8G05B5AL >B >A;0 548 ?>25@=C;0 : A515 53> ;8F>, 8, C4>AB>25@82H8AL, GB> >= 459AB28B5;L=> A?8B, ?>65;0;0 5<C :@5?:>3> 8 ?@>4>;68B5;L=>3> A=0. 548 8= ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 425@L, 70 :>B>@>9 =0E>48;0AL >E@0=0. 0B5< >=0 1@>A8;0AL 2 20==CN 8 4>AB0;0 A2>9 4;8==K9 =>G=>9 E0;0B. %0;0B ?@54=07=0G0;AO 4;O >:0. 5 273;O4 C?0; =0 ?0=5;L 2K7>20; =5 157 AB@0E0 >=0 =060;0 =5A:>;L:> :=>?>:. ? A845; 2 :0:><-B> 703>@>4=>< 10@5 8 A:CG=> A;CH0; 452CH:C, :>B>@0O ?5;0 =0 MAB@045. 3> 2845>?59465@ 8740; ?@>BO6=K9 3C4>:. 74>E=C2, ? 4>AB0; =5E8B@K9 0??0@0B A2O78 8 2:;NG8; M:@0=. 3> A;>2=> C40@8;> B>:><, :>340 >= C2845; @0AB@5?0==CN 548 8=, ?>O282HCNAO =0 M:@0=5. 5 3>;>A 1;03>40@O 48=0<8:C 72CG0; @57:>: ?, 345 A59G0A >;?. ?, >H0@0H5==K9 2>?@>A><, ?@><O<;8;: 0:>9 AB@0==K9 2>?@>A! = 25@=C;AO =0 5<;N, 254L >=3@5AA 70:>=G8;AO.... "K 4>;65= =5<54;5==> =09B8 53>!. C:8 A5:@5B0@O =0G0;8 <5;:> B@OAB8AL: >=5G=>, O =094C 53>, => =0 MB> ?>B@51C5BAO 2@5<O!. ?, >B?@02;O9B5AL =0 :>A<>4@>< 8 ?>43>B>2LB5 <>N :>A<8G5A:CN OEBC. ">;L:> ?>B>@>?8B5AL! - ?@8:07K20;0 548 8=. > 20H53> ?8;>B0 70<5=8;8.... =570?=> A2O7L ?@5@20;0AL. ? 274>E=C; 8 ?>;>68; 2845>?59465@ 2 :0@<0=; <C7K:0 B5?5@L :070;0AL 5<C >3;CH8B5;L=>9. @>A82 :C?N@C =0 AB>9:C, >= =0?@028;AO : 425@8. 548 8= ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 >:B>@0 !B030 8 ?5@525;0 4KE0=85. 094O 2 20==CN, >=0 2:;NG8;0 A25B. 0B5< >=0 >B25@=C;0 2>4>?@>2>4=K9 :@0= 4> >B:070 8 >AB028;0 425@L ?@8>B:@KB>9. 0602 2 @C:5 H?@8F A >AB02H8<AO =0@:>B8:><, 548 A?@OB0;0AL 70 2E>4=>9 425@LN B0:, GB>1K 2E>4OI85 55 =5 2845;8. ;C1>:> 274>E=C2, >=0 ?@8>B:@K;0 425@L. @8?>4=O2 ?>41>@>4>:, 548 8= 3>;>A>< >:0 :@8:=C;0: !5AB@0!. >A;KH0;8AL H038; 425@L @0A?0E=C;0AL. !5AB@0, A>?@>2>6405<0O >E@0=>9, 2B>;:=C;0 :0B0;:C. #28452 =0:@KB>5 B5;>, >=8 =0?@028;8AL : =5<C. E@0==8: 1K; >45B 2 A5@>-75;5=CN D>@<C, =0 ?;5G5 28A5; 02B><0B. !5AB@0 1K;0 >1;0G5=0 2 A8=NN ?>;>A0BCN N1:C 8 15;CN 1;C7:C; =0 3>;>25 15;5;0 A0=8B0@=0O ?>2O7:0. =0 ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 ;560I55 B5;>, =0 ?@8>B:@KBCN 425@L 20==>9 :><=0BK 8 CA<5E=C;0AL: K =5<=>3> ?>@072;5:;8AL, >:?.  MB> 2@5<O 548 8= AB0;0 ?@8:@K20BL 2E>4=CN 425@L. !5AB@0 >15@=C;0AL, 548 A45;0;0 H03 2?5@54 8 2KAB@5;8;0 59 2 H5N. E@0==8: 2A:8=C; 02B><0B 8 ?@83>B>28;AO :@8:=CBL, => 53> 3>@;> A60;>AL, :>340 >= C2845; =0?@02;5==K9 =0 =53> H?@8F-?8AB>;5B. 548 =060;0 =0 :C@>:, 8 >G5@54=0O :0?AC;0 2?8;0AL 2 53> ;8F>. =0 CA?5;0 ?>4E20B8BL 02B><0B ?040NI53> =0 :>25@ >E@0==8:0. ;>B=> ?@8:@K2 425@L, 548 A >1;53G5=85< ?@8A;>=8;0AL : AB5=5. > =C6=> 1K;> 459AB2>20BL 40;LH5, ?>:0 >AB0;L=K5 >E@0==8:8 =8G53> =5 70?>4>7@8;8. =0 ?@>1@0;0AL : 425@8 8 ?>A<>B@5;0 2 3;07>:: 2 E>;;5 =0E>48;>AL 42>5 >E@0==8:>2. 48= AB>O; >:>;> 425@8, 4@C3>9 A845; =0 ABC;5 =5?>40;5:C, 53> 02B><0B 1K; 7060B <564C :>;5=, ?>:0 >= @K;AO 2 :0@<0=5, 8I0 706830;:C. AB0;L=>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2> E>;;0 1K;> ?CABK<. 548 70:@K;0 3;07>:. =0 CE20B8;0AL 70 ?;5G8 ;560I53> =0 :>2@5 >E@0==8:0 8 A B@C4>< ?>2>;>:;0 53> 2 20==CN. 5@=C2H8AL, 548 8= ?@8=O;0AL @074520BL <54A5AB@C: A=0G0;0 >=0 A=O;0 ?>2O7:C, 70B5< N1:C, BCD;8, 8, =0:>=5F, 1;C7:C. =0 1;03>40@8;0 >30 70 B>, GB> :><?;5:F8O A5AB@K <0;>, G5< >B;8G0;0AL >B 55 B5;>A;>65=8O. 548 B>@>?8;0AL; ?5@54 =59 ;560;8 >1=065==0O <54A5AB@0 8 >:, =0:@KBK9 E0;0B><, :>B>@>3> =C6=> 1K;> 70B0I8BL =0 :0B0;:C. >A;5 =5:>B>@KE CA8;89 59 MB> C40;>AL. =0 >45;0AL 2 25I8 <54A5AB@K 8 2=8<0B5;L=> ?@8A<>B@5;0AL : 55 ;8FC. 548 1@>A8;0AL : 75@:0;C 8 A ?><>ILN :>A<5B8:8 ?>4:>@@5:B8@>20;0 =>A, @>B, 87<5=8;0 ?@8G5A:C. 0452 ?>2O7:C, 8 A C4>2;5B2>@5=85< 3;O=C2 =0 A51O, >=0 >B:@K;0 H:0BC;:C A 4@03>F5==>ABO<8, 8 AB0;0 70?8E820BL :>;LF0, 1CAK 8 ?@>G55 2 :0@<0=K. >4=O2 1@>H5==K9 H?@8F, 548 ?@>H;0 2 20==CN, 8 ?@>8725;0 :>=B@>;L=K9 2KAB@5; A=0G0;0 2 >E@0==8:0, 0 70B5< 8 2 A5AB@C. =0 2KH;0 2 :><=0BC, 70?5@;0 425@L 20==>9 8 701@>A8;0 :;NG ?>4 :@>20BL. 3;O452 :><=0BC 8 ?5@5254O 4KE0=85, 548 8= >B:@K;0 425@L 2 E>;;. =0 B>;:=C;0 :0B0;:C 8 70:@K;0 70 A>1>9 425@L. E@0=0 70ABK;0 =0 <5AB5; >48= 87 =8E A?@>A8;:  345 >AB0;L=K5?. 548 =0A<5H;82> ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 =53> 8, ?KB0OAL :>?8@>20BL 3>;>A <54A5AB@K, >B25B8;0: =8 =5<=>3> ?5@5AB0@0;8AL, 8 B5?5@L 8< ?@845BAO =025AB8 ?>@O4>:, 8=0G5 A8=C 1C45B @0AA5@65=. , MB8 4>:B>@0!. E@0==8:8 8A:>A0 ?>A<>B@5;8 =0 425@L. 548 8= C:070;0 ?0;LF5< =0 >4=>3> 87 =8E 8 ?@8:07=K< B>=>< ?@>87=5A;0: K7>28 A:>@CN : N6=><C 2KE>4C 8 ?><>38 ?>3@C78BL =>A8;:8!.  6 ? AB>O; >:>;> :>A<8G5A:>9 OEBK, 2 CH0E 725=5;> >B 3C;0 :>A<8G5A:8E :>@01;59. >B 3@04>< 1560; ?> ;8FC, ?@8E>48;>AL ?>AB>O==> A<0E820BL 53> ?;0B:><. /EB0 1K;0 G5@=>3> F25B0 A 15;>9 ?>;>A>9 ?> 4803>=0;8 8 8<5;0 ?@52>AE>4=K5 E>4>2K5 :0G5AB20. ">?;82=K9 10: 1K; 70?>;=5= =0 2>AL<CN G0ABL. ? A<>B@5; 2 AB>@>=C 04<8=8AB@0B82=>9 10H=8; >= 7=0;, GB> 2 ;N1>9 <><5=B : =5<C <>65B ?>4>9B8 456C@=K9 ?0B@C;L. 8;>B AB>O;, ?@820;82H8AL A?8=>9 : DN75;O6C. 3> A>2A5< =5402=> ?@8=O;8 =0 @01>BC, 8 >= @07<KH;O; > ?@8G8=5, ?> :>B>@>9 1K; C2>;5= 53> ?@54H5AB25==8:. K A:070;8, GB> OEB0 ?>;5B8B B>;L:> 4> 5B=53> 2>@F0. -B> =540;5:>, - A:070; ?8;>B. > ?>G5<C 2K E>B8B5, GB>1K 10: 8 :8A;>@>4=K5 @575@2C0@K 1K;8 70?>;=5=K ?>;=>ABLN?. ? ?@840; 3>;>AC C25@5==K9 B>=: "0: 1C45B =0456=55. @>4>;609B5 ?>43>B>2:C : ?>;5BC!. 0, => B>;L:> =5 A>2A5< ?>=OB=>.... 0AA068@K <>3CB 70E>B5BL >A<>B@5BL 0;0:B8G5A:85 4>AB>?@8<5G0B5;L=>AB8. K ?@>AB> 5I5 =>28G>:, B0: GB> ?@8A;CH09B5AL : <>8< A>25B0<, - >B25B8; ?., B5@OO B5@?5=85. 5 A:@K20O A2>8E A><=5=89, ?8;>B ;5=82> <0E=C; @C:>9 70?@02I8:C. ? ?@>4>;60; A<>B@5BL =0 04<8=8AB@0B82=CN 10H=N. '8 E>48; ?> 42>@F>2><C E>;;C; 53> 7040G59 1K;> A;548BL 70 :064K< 8 =5 4>25@OBL =8:><C. 5A:>;L:> <8=CB =0704 >= C7=0; > ?@>45;0==>9 >?5@0F88 A 548 8=. = ?>4>H5; : :><=0B5 548 8= 8 A?@>A8; C >E@0=K: 0725 >=0 5I5 745AL?. E@0=0 <>;G0 2KAB@>8;0AL ?@54 =8<. '8 ?>G5<C- B> =5@2=8G0;. 48=AB25==>5, GB> A<CI0;> 53>  MB> >BACBAB285 >4=>3> 87 53> >E@0==8:>2, 70459AB2>20==KE 4;O 40==>3> A;CG0O. '8 >B:@K; 425@L, 2 :><=0B5 =8:>3> =5 1K;>. >AB02 1;0AB5@, >= ?>4>H5; : 20==>9 8 >1=0@C68;, GB> 425@L 70?5@B0. ;5G>< '8 2K18; 425@L. 5@54 =8< 8 >E@0=>9 ?@54AB0;0 AB@0==0O :0@B8=0: <54A5AB@0 ;560;0 2 20==5, >E@0==8: @0ABO=C;AO =0 ?>;C. A5 B@>5 AB>O;8 A >B28AH59 G5;NABLN. > : '8 1KAB@> 25@=C;>AL A>7=0=85; >= 1KAB@> A>>1@078;, 2 G5< 45;> 8 A :@8:>< 1@>A8;AO 2 E>;;. ? CA;KH0; A8@5=C 4> B>3>, :0: C2845; A:>@CN. = >6840; C2845BL ?>;8F59A:CN <0H8=C 8 >B 2>;=5=8O ?>:@K;AO E>;>4=K< ?>B><. 5;0O <0H8=0 ?@>=5A;0AL G5@57 ?>;5 8 >AB0=>28;0AL >:>;> 0=30@0; A8@5=0 A<>;:;0. 0B5< <0H8=0 @0725@=C;0AL 704><, 55 425@FK >B:@K;8AL, 8 ? C2845; 2KE>4OICN <54A5AB@C. A;8 1K >=0 =5 A45;0;0 65AB @C:>9, ?@8ACI89 B>;L:> 548 8=, A5:@5B0@L =8:>340 1K =5 4>3040;AO :B> MB> 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8. 0H8=0 >:070;0AL :0: @07 >:>;> 2E>40 10306=>5 >B45;5=85 OEBK. >48B5;L 8 ?><>I=8: AB0;8 70B0A:820BL =>A8;:8. 8;>B, 70?>4>7@82 =5;04=>5, A?@>A8;: -B> GB> 5I5 70 @0:5BK?. = A?CAB8;AO, GB>1K ?>A<>B@5BL AB@0==K9 10306, => 548 8= AE20B8;0 53> 70 @C:C: >G5<C 1K 20< =8 ?>72>=8BL A8=C 8 =5 2KOA=8BL C =53>?. 8;>B =0E<C@8;AO 8 A=>20 ?>?KB0;AO ?@8>B:@KBL ?>:@K20;>. 548 >?OBL AE20B8;0 53> 70 @C:C: / 7=0N, GB> 5ABL 872@0I5=FK, :>B>@KE 8=B5@5ACNB 452CH:8 2 15AA>7=0B5;L=>< A>AB>O=88. ? ?>B>@>?8; 2A5E: @>E>48B5, ?@>E>48B5! # =0A >AB0;>AL =5<=>3> 2@5<5=8. = 70E;>?=C; 425@L 10306=>3> >B45;5=8O, 8 5A;8 1K ?8;>B =5 >BA:>G8; 2 AB>@>=C, 53> 1K ?@8E;>?=C;>. >48B5;L <0H8=K 8 53> ?><>I=8: A?CAB8;8AL A OEBK. 8;>B C3@N<> =01;N40; 70 ?@>8AE>4OI8<. ? 4>1@0;AO 4> 2E>4=>3> ;N:0 8 :@8:=C; 2>48B5;N: !?0A81>, @51OB0! A5 1K;> 70<5G0B5;L=>, A8=C =8:>340 MB>3> =5 701C45B. !0=8B0@K ?><0E0;8 5<C @C:>9 8 =0?@028;8AL : <0H8=5. 8;>B 2:;NG8; A83=0;L=K5 >3=8 8 =5C25@5==> A5; 70 HBC@20;.  53> 3;070E, A<>B@OI8E =0 548 8=, 1K;8 284=K A>B=8 2>?@>A>2. > 548 <>;G0 >B>H;0 2 A0;>=. 8;>B ?>;CG8; @07@5H5=85 =0 2K;5B 8 =0G0; =068<0BL :=>?:8 =0 ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O. 7;5B09!  ?@8:070; ?. !C4=> ?>:0G=C;>AL 8 <54;5==> B@>=C;>AL 2?5@54. 548 8= =0E>48;0AL 2 10306=>< >BA5:5, :>340 ? 703;O=C; BC40. = ?@8>B:@K; ?>:@K20;> 8 70<5@ >B 87C<;5=8O: -B> 65 !B03!. = CAB028;AO =0 548. > ?>G5<C >=? -B> 65 !B03  ;8G=K9 ?A8E80B@ A8=C!. 548, ?@>83=>@8@>202 2>?;8 A5:@5B0@O, A?@>A8;0: >65B ;8 MB0 @6020O ?>AC48=0 4>;5B5BL 4> 5<;8?. > 5<;8?! -B> 65 45=L ?CB8! 5B, MB> =52>7<>6=>.  MB>B <><5=B OEB0 A>4@>3=C;0AL, 8 8E >B1@>A8;> =0704 2 A0;>=. '8, >13>=OO #?@02;ONI53> >A<>4@><><, H5; ?> ?>;N 8 23;O4K20;AO 2 =51>. 0 A<>B@>2>9 ?;>I04:5 10H=8, 345 1K;8 @0A?>;>65=K A25@E<>I=K5 ?CH:8, =0E>48;8AL A>;40BK, >45BK5 2 A8=5-15;CN C=8D>@<C. !<>B@>20O ?;>I04:0 1K;0 ?>AB@>5=0 ?>A;5 =0H5AB28O !5@KE @8H5;LF52, 8 A>;40BK ?>AB>O==> =5A;8 1>52CN 20EBC.  A59G0A G5BK@5 ?@8F5;0 =5>B@K2=> IC?0;8 =51>. '8 ?>4=O;AO =0 ?;>I04:C. / '8, 8=8AB@ >;8F88. N48, C;5B52H85 =0 MB>< :>@01;5, >3@018;8 10=:! C6=> =5?@5<5==> >AB0=>28BL 8E!. #?@02;ONI89 ?>A<>B@5; =0 '8 8 A:070;: -B> 65 OEB0 548 8=!. -B> O 8 157 20A 7=0N!  7028760; '8. =0 ?@845B 2 15H5=AB2>! !B@5;O9B5 65, ?>:0 >=8 =5 2KH;8 87 ?>;O 7@5=8O. #?@02;ONI89, ?>4C<02, >B40; ?@8:07 A5@60=BC: AB0=>28BL MB> AC4=>. '5BK@5 ?@8F5;0 =0H;8 A2>N 65@B2C 8 >@C48O 2K?;N=C;8 F5;CN G5@54C :@0A=KE >3=59. ? A B@C4>< 4>1@0;AO 4> ?8;>B0. K C65 ?@>;>68;8 :C@A?. = E>B5; A?@>A8BL 5I5 GB>-B>, => 2 MB>B <><5=B C2845; A=>? >3=O 70 1>@B>< OEBK. 8;>B ?>25@=C; 3>;>2C 8 B>65 C2845; >3=5==>5 ?@54AB02;5=85. 3> ;8F> ?>A5@5;>. !?CABO <3=>25=85, >= ?>25@=C;AO : ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O; 53> 3;070 A25@;8;8 >4=C 548=AB25==CN :=>?:C: 0B0?C;LB8@>20=85 ?8;>B0. 3> @C:0 A =58AB>2AB2>< =5A:>;L:> @07 C40@8;0 ?> =59; 53> :@5A;> A8;L=> =0:@5=8;>AL 8 :0:0O-B> A8;0, A>?@>2>6405<0O :;C10<8 15;>3> 4K<0, 2KB>;:=C;0 :@5A;> 2 0B<>AD5@C. 8;>B 1;03>?>;CG=> AB0; ?@875<;OBLAO. ? 70:@8G0;: 5<54;5==> 25@=8AL =0 <5AB>!. 8E@52>9 ?>B>: 2>@20;AO 2 >B:@KBK9 020@89=K9 ;N:. !5:@5B0@L 4>1@0;AO 4> ?0=5;8 8, =094O =C6=CN :=>?:C, 70:@K; 53>.  MB> 2@5<O @0A:@K;AO ?0@0HNB A?CA:02H53>AO ?8;>B0. 3=5==K5 2A?KH:8 1;C640;8 <564C ?0@0HNB>< 8 :>A<8G5A:8< :>@01;5<. ? 2 @0AB5@O==>AB8 A<>B@5; =0 ?0=5;L C?@02;5=8O A <=>65AB2>< :=>?>:; ?>?@>1>20; ?>:@CB8BL HBC@20;, =>, >BG0O2H8AL, 1@>A8; 2A5. >;8G5AB2> >3=5==KE 2A?KH5: 70 1>@B>< C25;8G8;>AL. 548 8= =0E>48;0AL 2 A0<>< E2>AB5 :>A<8G5A:>3> :>@01;O; ?>2O7:0 A18;0AL =0 1>:, ?@8G5A:0 @07;5B5;0AL. OBL >3=5==KE E2>AB>2 ?@>=5A;8AL 2 >?0A=>9 1;87>AB8 >B =55. =0 274@>3=C;0. ? 70:@8G0;: / =5 <>3C C?@02;OBL MB>9 HBC:>9!. > O B>65!  >BG0O==> >B25B8;0 548. ? ?@>4>;60; =068<0BL 2A5 :=>?:8 ?>4@O4. 48= 87 2KAB@5;>2 2848<> 7045; E2>AB 8 AC4=> =0G0;> B@OAB8. KB0OAL ?>;CG8BL :0:CN-=81C4L A?@02:C ?> =07=0G5=8O< :=>?>:, >= =060; #A:>@5=85. 5 C4>2;5B2>@82H8AL @57C;LB0B><, A5:@5B0@L C40@8; :C;0:>< ?> :=>?:5 A =04?8ALN >;=K9 ?5@54, ?@>4>;60O 60BL =0 2A5 ?>4@O4. >@01;L @57:> 87<5=8; :C@A 8 2728;AO 225@E 70B59;82>9 A?8@0;LN. 5A:>;L:> 2KAB@5;>2 >?OBL ?>@078;8 AC4=>. 548 >BG0O==> 1>@>;0AL A B@OA:>9 2 A0;>=5.  4K@K, >1@07>202H85AO 2 @57C;LB0B5 2KAB@5;>2, A 48:8< A28AB>< 704C20; 25B5@. 548 8= ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 =8E 8 A45;0;0 2K2>4, GB> 5A;8 B0: 1C45B ?@>4>;60BLAO, A0;>= @0735@<5B878@C5BAO. =0 A>1@0;0AL A A8;0<8 8 27;><0;0 020@89=K9 OI8:. >AB02 :0:>5  B> 2O7:>5 25I5AB2>, 548 ?@8=O;0AL 70;5?;OBL 8< 4K@K 2 >1H82:5. !> 2@5<5=5< AC4=> 2K@>2=O;>AL 8 ?@>4>;68;> AB@5<8B5;L=K9 25@B8:0;L=K9 ?>;5B =5254><> :C40.  7 >A<8G5A:89 :>@01;L <O3:> ?>:0G820;AO =0 ?@>;>65==>< 02B>?8;>B>< :C@A5. A5 AC4=> 1K;> 701@>A0=> :0:8<8-B> 1C<030<8 8 :>@>1:0<8 >B 54K. ? ?>4=O; >48= 87 ;8AB:>2, :>B>@K9 O2;O;AO =5>BJ5<;5<>9 G0AB8F59 ?>;=>3> @C:>2>4AB20 ?> C?@02;5=8N :>@01;5<. ">B ?0@5=L, :>B>@K9 =0?8A0; 2A5 MB>, 4>;65= ?>;CG8BL 720=85 ;02=>3> 848>B0!. 548 8= =5>E>B=> 70H525;8;0AL =0 >4=>< 87 4820=>2. =0 2A5 5I5 1K;0 >45B0 2 <548F8=A:89 E0;0B, B>;L:> B5?5@L >= 1K; >G5=L <OBK< 8 3@O7=K<. 5 3;070 157@07;8G=> CAB028;8AL =0 A5:@5B0@O: 0: BK 4C<05HL, 345 <K A59G0A =0E>48<AO?. 5 =0 ?K;0NI5< !>;=F5, 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05, - A>AB@8; >=. -B8 ?>A;54=85 =545;8 1K;8.... !8;L=K9 B>;G>: ?@5@20; 548 8=. ? ?@8;L=C; : 8;;N<8=0B>@C. A5 >1>7@8<>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2> 1K;> 70:@KB> >3@><=K< G5@=K< 0AB5@>84><, :>B>@K9 1K; >BG5B;82> 2845= =0 D>=5 ;5G=>3> CB8. O4>< A :>@01;5< >= 70<5B8; :>A<8G5A:89 ?0B@C;L, :>B>@K9 A83=0;878@>20; 8<. 7 ?5@53>2>@=>3> CAB@>9AB20 4>=5A;>AL: -B> ?0B@C;L  ?5@5E20BG8: 07K 62. AB0=>28B5 42830B5;8. !;54C9B5 70 ;CG0<8 48AB0=F8>==>3> :>=B@>;O. N1>5 A>?@>B82;5=85 1C45B @0AF5=5=> :0: 2>5==>5 ?@5ABC?;5=85. 5AL 3@C7 4>;65= >AB020BLAO =0 1>@BC. 8F> 548 8= 2>AB>@65==> A8O;>: -B0 1070 ?>4G8=5=0 D8F5@0<. K A?0A5=K! K A<>65< C2845BL >;0!. /EB0 AB0;0 <54;5==> 42830BLAO 70 A?CB=8:>< ?> =0?@02;5=8N : >3@><=K< 425@O< 0=30@0. 48= 87 2>>@C65==KE @01>B=8:>2 0=30@0 ?>4>H5; : OEB5 8 ?@>87=5A: -B> 2A53>-=02A53> 701;C482H0OAO OEB0!. 3> =0?0@=8: ?@>1C@G0;: 0, =8:0:>3> 42865=8O. >340 65 ?>?04CBAO =0AB>OI85 ?@5ABC?=8:8?. /EB0 548 8= >AB0=>28;0AL; 2E>4=>9 ;N: 02B><0B8G5A:8 70:@K;AO. KA25B8;8AL :0:85-B> >3=8 8 =04?8A8, =0 OEB5 70<830;0 020@89=0O A8@5=0, A83=0;878@CNI0O > A5@L57=KE ?>2@5645=8OE. 2>5 G5;>25:, 2848<> 87 >1A;C6820NI53> ?5@A>=0;0, A <CA>@=K<8 10G:0<8 8 <5B;0<8 =0?@028;8AL : :>A<8G5A:><C :>@01;N. D8F5@ 2 15;>-A8=59 C=8D>@<5 B>65 ?>4>H5; : ?>9<0==><C ?@8H5;LFC. 548 8= 8 ? AB>O;8 >:>;> 020@89=>3> 2KE>40 8 2>71C645==> A<>B@5;8 ?> AB>@>=0<. D8F5@ =51@56=> <0E=C; 8< @C:>9, C:07K20O =0?@02;5=85. 53;5FK A45;0;8 H03 2?5@54, 8 <O3:0O 2>74CH=0O ?>4CH:0 A?CAB8;0 8E 2 B>==5;L, :>B>@K9 C2>48; 8E 2 3;C1L AB5@>840 62. !;C610 C1>@:8 B5< 2@5<5=5< ?@8=O;0AL 70 @01>BC, >=8 2>H;8 2=CB@L :>@01;O, 8 A C482;5=85< A<>B@5;8 =0 :020@40:, F0@82H89 B0<. 0, 2848<> >=8 74>@>2> ?>25A5;8;8AL, - A:070;0 65=I8=0 ?>A<5820OAL. 5 =0?0@=8: 2 MB> 2@5<O =0?@02;O;AO : 10306=><C >B45;5=8N. = ?>?KB0;AO >B:@KBL 425@L, => >:070;0AL 70?5@B0. 54>;3> 4C<0O, @01>G89 4>AB0; >4=C 87 A;C651=KE >B<KG5: 8 A?>:>9=> >B:@K; 70<>:. 25@L A> A:@8?>< >B2>@8;0AL. >:B>@ !B03, @0AB@5?0==K9 8 >H0@0H5==K9, CAB028;AO =0 @01>G8E, :0: =0 ?@8H5;LF52. 3> ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>5 A?>:>9AB285 C;5BCG8;>AL, 8 >= 70:@8G0;: K <>8 A?0A8B5;8! ;03>40@N 20A!. > C65 2 A;54CNI89 <><5=B 53> 3;070 1K;8 =0?@02;5=K 2 AB>@>=C ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O. 45 O =0E>6CAL?- A?@>A8; >= C 65=I8=K. -B> :0:>9-B> 0AB5@>84-?5@5E20BG8:?. #1>@I8F0 >B 4CH8 @0AA<5O;0AL: MB8 ?0AA068@K A OEBK 459AB28B5;L=> :0:85-B> AB@0==K5. 0, MB> ?0B@C;L=K9 AB5@>84 62.  2K A59G0A 745AL =0E>48B5AL,- >B25B8;0 >=0 8 AB0;0 ?>4<5B0BL ?>;. >:B>@ !B03 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> >1A;54>20; ?0=5;L 8, A> 7=0=85< 45;0, =060; =5A:>;L:> :=>?>:. 0B5< >= ?>:@CB8;AO =0 :@5A;5, ?>?@028; GB>-B> =0 <>=8B>@5 <56?;0=5B=>9 A2O78 8 =060; 5I5 ?0@C :=>?>:. -:@0= 70<830; 8 ?>:070; AB@0==K5 2>;=>>1@07=K5 ?>;>AK. > 70B5< ?>O28;>AL 87>1@065=85 '8, :>B>@K9 A=0G0;0 =5 @0A?>7=0;, :B> 53> 2K7K205B. !5:C=4C A?CABO >= 70@KG0;: !B03! 45 BK, AB0@>5 45@L<>, ?@>?0405HL F5;K9 <5AOF? !B03, A=0G0;0 @0AB5@O2H8AL >B ?@825BAB28O, >B25B8;: !59G0A =5B 2@5<5=8 =0 1>;B>2=N. / B>;L:> GB> >:070;AO =0 >3>< 701KB>< AB5@>845 62, :>B>@K9 ?>;=>ABLN ?>4G8=5= D8F5@0<. '8 ?>;CG8; C40@; 53> 3;070 GCBL =5 2K:0B8;8AL 87 >@18B. >, ?>4C<02 > G5<-B>, >= A:070; C1548B5;L=K< 3>;>A><: !B03, 2K 7=05B5, GB> <K 2A5340 AG8B0;8AL A 20H8< <=5=85<. K =0455<AO =0 20A. %>@>H>. / ?@>HC =5<54;5==> ?@8A;0BL 70 <=>9 AC?5@D;095@, A 42C<O ?8;>B0<8 ?>:@5?G5.  ?>1KAB@55, O =5 ;N1;N 0AB5@>84K! A5 1C45B A45;0=>, - CABC?G82> A:070; '8, => BCB 65 A28@5?> 4>1028;: =8 4>;6=K <>;G0BL, 8=0G5 2A5 ?@>?0;>!. !B03, <O3:> C;K10OAL, >B25B8;: =8 1C4CB =5<K, :0: @K1K. 5;K5 3>;C18, 702575==K5 =0 AB5@>84 4;O C:@0H5=8O 8A:CAAB25==>3> A040, ?>@E0;8 A 25B:8 =0 25B:C, 8 HC< 8E :@K;L52 A<5H820;AO A 6C@G0=85< =51>;LH>3> 2>4>?040. > <=5=8N 548 8=, MB> 1K; :@0A82K9 A04, => 4065 MB0 :@0A>B0 =5 <>3;0 :><?5=A8@>20BL ?>B@0G5==KE 2?CABCN 420 4=O. 548 8 ? A845;8 =0 A:0<L5 >:>;> 1>;LH>9 G5@=>9 425@8 2 A:0;5. =8 CA?5;8 BI0B5;L=> 2KG8AB8BL A2>N >4564C. >A;5 B>3>, :0: >=8 >B>A;0;8 A2>5 ?8AL<> ><0=4>@C AB5@>840, ?@>H;> 420 4=O, 0 >B25B0 2A5 =5 1K;>. -B> 74>@>2> ?>=878;> 8E 1>52>9 4CE. 25@L >B:@K;0AL, >B:C40-B> 2KH5; A;C30, =5AH89 ?>4=>A. >340 >= ?@>E>48; <8<> 548 8=, >=0 CE20B8;0 53> 70 @C:02, => A;C30 2K25@=C;AO, 8 :>@>B:> 1@>A8;: 48B5!. >A;CH09B5! K C65 420 4=O ?@>A8< 0C485=F88 C ><0=4>@0. 5 <>65B 65 >= 1KBL B0: 70=OB!  2ABC?8; 2 @073>2>@ ?. !;C30, ?>602 ?;5G0<8, 8AG57. / ?@54?>;030;, GB> <K 70AB@O=5< =0 AB5@>845!- 2 >BG0O=88 A:070; ?. 548 ?@8AB0;L=> ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 70?5@BCN 425@L: 5 28=8B5 A51O, ?! 'B>-B> 745AL =5 B0:. 0G5< ><0=4>@C AB5@>840 45@60BL =0A 745AL?. / =0?8A0;, GB> 2K 1K;8 25;8:>9 0:B@8A>9, 8 GB> C 20A 5ABL :>5, :0:85 A2545=8O 4;O >;0, - 8I0 4>304:C, >B25B8; ?. >65B, >=8 4C<0NB, GB> O  H?8>=:0?  ?@54?>;>68;0 548 <8=.  :>=F5 :>=F>2, >10 C<>;:;8 8 A;>68;8 =0 ?>4=>A ?>AC4C, >AB02HCNAO >B >1540. 5A:>;L:> G0A>2 A?CABO, 425@L >B:@K;0AL, 8 =0 ?>@>35 ?>O28;AO D8F5@, >45BK9 2 A8=5-15;CN D>@<C. 3> A>?@>2>640; A>;40B, :>B>@K9 45@60; 1;0AB5@ =03>B>25. !B@>38< B>=>< D8F5@ ?@>87=5A: ><0=4>@ 65;05B 2845BL 20A. ? ?>A<>B@5; =0 4C;> 1;0AB5@0 8 H5?=C; A515: >;=K9 ?5@54. D8F5@ ?>25; 8E G5@57 4;8==K5 BC==5;8, :>B>@K5, :070;>AL, ?5@5A5:0;8 25AL AB5@>84. 0:>=5F >=8 4>1@0;8AL 4> ;02=>3> D8A0. -B> 1K; 4>2>;L=> 1>;LH>9 :018=5B. 0 AB5=5 28A5;0 :0@B0 0;0:B8G5A:>9 !8AB5<K, =0 :>B>@>9 1C;02:0<8 1K;8 >B<5G5=K =5A:>;L:> <5AB. !B>; 1K; 4;8==K<, => G5@5AGC@ C7:8<. ><0=48@ 1K; <>;>4K< 8 3>@OG8< G5;>25:><; ?> 53> ;8FC 1K;> 284=>, GB> >= @5H8B5;5= 8 >?B8<8AB8G5=. 0 =5< :@0A>20;0AL D>@<0 F25B0 E0:8, 2>@>B=8: 1K; D@82>;L=> @0AAB53=CB. 0 ?>OA5 1>;B0;0AL :>1C@0, 0 @0AA;01;5==K5 @C:8 1K;8 70:8=CBK 70 3>;>2C. K;> >G5284=>, GB> 5<C A:CG=>, 8 A>2A5< =5>E>B0 @073>20@820BL. !?@020 >B =53> A845; >:B>@ !B03, 2K;>I5==K9 8 C;K10NI89AO. O4>< A =8< AB>O;8 420 <>I=KE ?>;8F59A:8E 2 A5@>-75;5=KE :5?:0E, 8<5==> B0:85 ;N48 =018@0;8AL =0 A;C61C 2 !5:@5B=CN >;8F8N. '5@57 <3=>25=85 425@L >B:@K;0AL, 8 >E@0==8: 225; ?>A5B8B5;59. 548 8= 70ABK;0 =0 <5AB5, C28452 2AN MBC :0@B8=C. ? ?>?KB0;AO ?>25@=CBL >1@0B=>, => >E@0==8: ;53:> ?>4B>;:=C; 53> 2?5@54 1;0AB5@><. >:B>@ !B03 @0A?;K;AO 2 C;K1:5: E, 2E>48B5, 2E>48B5, <>O 4>@>30O! 5 ?C309B5AL, MB8 ;N48 =5 A45;0NB 20< =8G53> ?;>E>3>. = ?>25@=C;AO : ><0=4>@C: 5 =570<54;8B5;L=> =C6=> 3>A?8B0;878@>20BL. 54=O6:0! ><0=4>@ @0AA5O==> :820; 3>;>2>9. 548 8= 1@>A8;0AL : AB>;C 8 70:@8G0;0: 5 A;CH09B5 53>! / - 548 8=. / 4>;6=0 A:070BL 20< :>5-GB> A 3;07C =0 3;07 A59G0A  65! ><0=4>@ ;5=82> ?>A<>B@5; =0 =55. / 65 20< 3>2>@8;,- =0G0; !B03. # =55 A0<0O =0AB>OI0O ?0@0=>9O. / A0< 55 ;5G8;, => 1>;57=L ?@>3@5AA8@>20;0, 8 B5?5@L.... = AB0; ?>4=8<0BLAO 87 :@5A;0. 0< >G5=L 60;L, GB> <K ?@8G8=8;8 20< B0:85 =5C4>1AB20. K A53>4=O 65 >B?@028< 55 =0 40;L=59H55 ;5G5=85. 5 A;CH09B5! /  548 8=! ! 1;C640NI59 C;K1:>9 ><0=48@ ?>4>H5; : :>@78=5 4;O 1C<03 8 2KB0I8; :0:CN-B> 3075BC. 07;>682 55 =0 AB>;5, >= ?0;LF5< C:070; =0 D>B>3@0D8N =0 ?5@2>9 ?>;>A5. 03>;>2>: 3;0A8;: 548 8= 405B 1;03>B2>@8B5;L=K9 10;. A5 A>1@0==K5 A@54AB20 >=0 ?5@5G8A;8B 2 $>=4 !8@>B. ! D>B>3@0D88 459AB28B5;L=> C;K10;0AL 548 8=; =0 55 3>;>25 :@0A>20;0AL A25@:0NI0O :>@>=0. 0;5F ><0=48@0 ?>?>;7 225@E 8 >AB0=>28;AO =0 40B5 2K?CA:0. 1JOA=8B5 <=5, :0: 2K A<>3;8 CG0AB2>20BL 2 MB>< <5@>?@8OB88, :>B>@>5 A>AB>O;>AL B@8 4=O =0704?. = >B1@>A8; 3075BC: K 4065 =0 =55 =5 ?>E>68!. 548 8= 2?0;0 2 15H5=AB2>: K  848>B! 0725 2K =5 2848B5, GB> MB> D0;LH820O 3075B0?. !B03 ?>A?5H=> 2:;8=8;AO 2 @073>2>@: 0< ;CGH5 C40;8BLAO. =0 =5<=>3> ?>E>60 =0 548 8= 8 ?>;L7C5BAO MB8<!. ><0=48@ 704C<G82> ?>ABCG0; ?0;LF5< ?> AB>;C 8 A:070;: 0, 8=>340 B0:>5 1K205B. 04, GB> ?><>3 20<. 548 8= A45;0;0 @C:>9 65AB, GB>1K >AB0=>28BL 53>. >4>648B5! / 4>:06C, GB> O 0:B@8A0. >A<>B@8B5! 'B> MB> C 20A ?>4 ?>OA><?. 4=><C >3C 8725AB=>, :0: MB> C =55 ?>;CG8;>AL: ?@02>9 @C:>9 >=0 2KB0I8;0 87 ?>OA0 ><0=4>@0 3>;C1O.  MB> 2@5<O 55 ;520O @C:0 ;>2:> >B:@K;0 :>1C@C, <>;=85=>A=> 2KB0I8;0 1;0AB5@ 8 A?@OB0;0 53> =0 154@5 ?>4 N1:>9. >;C1L 2A?>@E=C;, A45;0; :@C3 =04 3>;>2>9 !B030 8 CA5;AO =0 0@B5. A5 2=8<0=85 1K;> ?@8:>20=> : 3>;C1N. !B03 ?>B>@>?8;AO 2K?0;8BL: -B> 55 >1KG=K9 B@N:. =0 70102;O;0 8< 2A5E =0H8E ?0F85=B>2. = A45;0; 7=0: >4=><C 87 ?>;8F59A:8E, 8 B>B AB0; 2KB0;:820BL ?;5==8:>2 70 425@L. / >G5=L @04 =0H5<C A>B@C4=8G5AB2C, ><0=4>@! ! 20H53> @07@5H5=8O <K >B?@02;O5<AO =0 ;02=CN ;0=5BC =5<54;5==>, - @04CH=> ?@>I0;AO A ><0=4>@>< >:B>@, ?>68<0O 5<C @C:C. 0, :>=5G=>. 564C ?@>G8<, O 4C<0;, GB> "09=0O >;8F8O @0A?CI5=0, - 70<5B8; ><0=48@. !>25@H5==> 25@=>, MB8 154=O38 8ICB A515 @01>BC. > A2840=8O, 5I5 @07 1;03>40@N 70 2A5. ><0=4>@ 5I5 @07 273;O=C; =0 3>;C1O, A8452H53> B0< 65. 5 ?>257;> 20< A ?0F85=B:>9. C GB> 65, 65;0N 20< 157>?0A=>3> ?>;5B0. 5A:>;L:> <8=CB A?CABO =0 ?>;8F59A:>< :>A<8G5A:>< :>@01;5 70<830;8 A83=0;L=K5 >3=8. N: 0=30@0 =0G0; <54;5==> ?>4=8<0BLAO. 5AL :>@01;L 1K; A5@>-75;5=>3> F25B0. 10 ?>;8F59A:8E 70=8<0;8AL ?>43>B>2:>9 : ?>;5BC. !B03 3@C1> B>;:=C; ?;5==8:>2 =0 ?@54=07=0G5==K5 4;O ?@5ABC?=8:>2 <5AB0. 064>3>, :B> A048;AO 2 MB8 :@5A;0, >1E20BK20; ?@>G=K9 @5<5=L, =5 ?>72>;ONI89 4065 ?>H525;8BLAO. >:B>@ ?@>45;0; MBC ?@>F54C@C A A5:@5B0@5< 8 ?>25@=C;AO : 548. =0 1K;0 =5AB0=40@B=K< ?@5ABC?=8:><, 8 @5<5=L >1E20BK20; 55 =54>AB0B>G=> :@5?:>. !B03C ?@8H;>AL A8;L=55 ABO=CBL ?>GB8 =53=CICNAO ?>;>AC.  B0:>< ?>;>65=88 2K ?@>1C45B5 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 =5 >:065B5AL =0 >?5@0F8>==>< AB>;5! - A:070; !B03. >@01;L A C60A=K< 2>5< 27<K; 225@E. >:B>@ 2>AAB0=>28; @02=>25A85 8 ?@>H5; 4> 425@8, >:>;> :>B>@>9 GB>-B> ?>;>68;. 548 8= C2845;0 B>, GB> ?>25@3;> 55 2 C60A. =0 70:@8G0;0: >65 <>9! -B> 65 1><10 70<54;5==>3> 459AB28O!. 8;>B 1@>A8;AO : ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O, GB>1K @0725@=CBL :>@01;L =0704. @C3>9 ?>;8F59A:89 70ABK; =0 <5AB5 >B C60A0. = >10 ?@5:@0A=> 7=0;8, GB> G0AB> 2 3>AC40@AB25==KE 8=B5@5A0E 1K;> =5 4>2>78BL ?@5ABC?=8:0 4> <5AB0 =07=0G5=8O. ><10 70<54;5==>3> 459AB28O!  :@8G0;0 548. = 8 =5 E>B5; 4>AB02;OBL <5=O 4> ;02=>9 ;0=5BK! B?CAB8B5 <5=O!. !B03 703;O=C; : >1@5G5==K< =0 A<5@BL ?;5==8:0< 8 ?@83>B>28;AO 70:@KBL 425@L. > 548 C40;>AL >A2>1>48BL @C:C. =0 @57:8< 42865=85< 4>AB0;0 1;0AB5@ 87-?>4 N1:8 8 2KAB@5;8;0 !B03C ?@O<> 2 682>B. >:B>@ C?0;. >;8F59A:89 ?>A?5H8; : =5<C, >4=>2@5<5==> 4>AB020O A2>9 1;0AB5@, => 548 8= >?OBL 2KAB@5;8;0. =0 ?>?0;0 5<C 2 ?;5G>, >BG53> ?>;8F59A:89 70:@CB8;AO 2>;G:><, 8 >B1@>A8; 1;0AB5@ 40;5:> 2 AB>@>=C. B>@>9 ?>;8F59A:89 21560; A 1;0AB5@>< =03>B>25, => 548 8 2 MB>B @07 >?5@548;0. KAB@5; ?@8H5;AO 2 ;8F>. 0 ?>;C ;560;8 B@8 87C@>4>20==KE B@C?0. 548 8= C40;>AL 2K1@0BLAO 87 :@5A;0, => G5@57 <3=>25=85 >=0 @CE=C;0 2=87. ?C ?>A;5 ?@>4>;68B5;L=>9 AE20B:8 A @5<=O<8 C40;>AL 2AB0BL. 3> <CG8; :0H5;L 87-70 54:>3> 75;5=>3> 4K<0 >B 2KAB@5;>2. 2830B5;8 ?@>4>;60;8 @01>B0BL, 8 :>@01;L 2A5 40;LH5 CAB@5<;O;AO 2 =5>1JOB=>5 :>A<8G5A:>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>. 'B> 45;0BL?  2 >BG0O=88 2>A:;8:=C; ?.  8 >; >48=>:> AB>O; =0 ;02=>9 ;>I048. 572K9 25B5@>: 4C; A 3;C1>:>3> A8=53> <>@O 8 83@0; D;030<8. ;>I04L 1K;0 2K<>I5=0 15;K< <@0<>@><, 2>:@C3 1;5AB5;0 C:@0H5==0O 7>;>B>< 10;NAB@040.  3>;C1>9 40;8 284=5;8AL >G5@B0=8O 682>3> 2C;:0=0; 25B5@ ?@868<0; :;C1K 4K<0 : 3>@87>=BC. 5<=>3> 2KH5 ;>I048 @0A?>;>68;0AL 5@, '5@=0O >@0, 2 :>B>@>9 =0E>48;8AL :070@<K, 0=30@K 8 2A52>7<>6=K5 0280A;C61K. 25@8 0=30@>2 1K;8 ?>AB@>5=K B0:, GB>1K 2 ;N1>9 <><5=B <>6=> 1K;> >B@078BL =0?045=85 =565;0B5;L=KE 3>AB59. !59G0A =0 ;>I048 =0E>48;AO 2>5==K9 >@:5AB@, >45BK9 2 O@:CN A8=5-15;CN D>@<C, 8 83@0; 2>5==K9 <0@H. 5B5@ =5I04=> B@5?0; @C10H:C >;0. = A<>B@5; =0 ?@81;860NI85AO : =5<C 425 3@C??K, 2 53> 3;070E ?>O28;AO >3>=5: =5?@8O7=8. 5@2CN 3@C??C, A>AB>OICN 87 A;C60I8E !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88, 2>73;02;O; 5;L. =8 1K;8 2K@O65=K 2 A5@>-75;5=CN D>@<C, =0 :>B>@>9 1K;> G5@5AGC@ <=>3> 7>;>BKE 2>8=A:8E @530;89. 5;L, ?@>BO3820O @C:C, A:070;: K ?>:8405< 5<;N. >; >B25B8; @C:>?>60B85<. @OG0 =0AB>@>65==>ABL, >; ?>8=B5@5A>20;AO: K ?>;5B8B5 =0 ;02=CN ;0=5BC A53>4=O?. 0, 2 B5G5=85 MB>3> G0A0, - 5; 274>E=C; - 0H5 ?@51K20=85 745AL =5;L7O =0720BL 1;03>?@8OB=K<, E>BO 4><0 =0A B>65 <0;>, G5< ?>@04CNB, 254L =0H >B45; C?@074=8;8. "5?5@L <K 157@01>B=K5. "0:>20 687=L, - :@0B:> >B25B8; >;. ;020 !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88 =5 A<>3 A45@60BLAO 8 O728B5;L=> 70<5B8;: 0, E>@>H>, GB> 2K =0 >=3@5AA5 @0A?CAB8;8 =0H >B45;. CGH59 8458 ?@>AB> =5 =0H;>AL. 0H8 2>A5<L ?>;:>2 1C4CB C2>;5=K 2 1;8609H5< 1C4CI5<! "0:>20 687=L?. A5 ?@8ACBAB2CNI85 ?> >G5@548 ?>60;8 >;C @C:C. = A<>B@5; =0 =8E 8 4C<0;, GB>, 2@O4 ;8 2A5 MB8 =0?KI5==K5 ?5@A>=K ?>4E>4OB : ?>4>1=>9 D>@<5, 2A5, GB> >=8 C<5NB - MB> ;30BL 8 E8B@8BL. 0:>=5F >; >1@0B8; 2=8<0=85 =0 2B>@CN 3@C??C, :>B>@0O ?@54AB02;O;0 B45; ?> !1>@C 0;>3>2. E @C:>2>48B5;L B>65 >B 4CH8 ?>B@OA <=>3>AB@040;L=CN @C:C >;0. A5 =0;>3>2K5 :;5@:8 8 25AL ?5@A>=0; ?>:840NB 20A, ><0=4>@. >4>E>4=K9 =0;>3 >B<5=5=. >;, =5<=>3> C482;5==K9, A?@>A8;: 5C65;8 2A5 A;C60I85 B>65 C5760NB?. 0, <K AJ5E0;8AL A> 2A5E 3>@>4>2 8 @5H8;8 C5E0BL =0 ;02=CN ;0=5BC, E>BO =5G53> :@><5 157@01>B8FK =0A =5 >68405B. >?@>I02H8AL, >=8 =0?@028;8AL 2A;54 70 A>AB02>< C?@074=5==>9 !5:@5B=>9 >;8F859. > C:>2>48B5;L 0;>3>2>9 >;8F88 7045@60;AO =0 <3=>25=85. 5@538B5 A51O,- 1@>A8; >= 8 C40;8;AO. >;, ?@8IC@82 3;070, :0:>5-B> 2@5<O A<>B@5; 5<C 2 A;54. @:5AB@, 4>83@K20O <0@H, B>65 ?>:840; ;>I04L. >A<8G5A:85 :>@01;8, A2O70==K5 2 G5B25@:8, =0G0;8 27;5B0BL. >; >1@0B8;AO : A2O78ABC 8 ?>?@>A8; 53> CAB0=>28BL <56?;0=5B=CN A2O7L.  53> @0A?>@O65=85 2K428=C;8 ?0=5;L A <=>65AB2>< :=>?>: 8 1>;LH8< <>=8B>@><, A2O78AB =060; :0:CN-B> :><18=0F8N, 8 ?5@540; >;C <8:@>D>=. @>HC A2O70BL <5=O A 1J548=5==>9 (B01-:20@B8@>9 =0 #@0=5. ! :><0=4>@>< 8H5<. 0=5;L 70<830;0, >;, >6840O >B25B0, A<>B@5; =0 C40;ONI85AO :>@01;8. 2C: 8E BC@18= AB0=>28;AO 2A5 B>=LH5, =51> ?>:@K20;>AL <0;8=>2K<8 2A?KH:0<8, :>340 :>@01;L 2KE>48; 87 ?;>B=KE A;>52 0B<>AD5@K 2 >B:@KBK9 :>A<>A. !2O7L =0;048;0AL: @825B, 8H! 7>1@065=85 =0 <>=8B>@5 ?@>OA=8;>AL, 8 >= C2845; C;K10NI55AO ;8F> 8H0. 3> 2>@>B=8: 1K; @0AAB53=CB, >= ?8; 3>@OG89 :>D5. 5A><=5==>, >= 1K; >G5=L @04 2845BL >;0. @825B, >;! 0: B0< C 20A =0 5<;5?. !B> ?OBL45AOB BKAOG A;C60I8E !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88 8 0;>3>2>3> B45;0 ?>:8=C;8 5<;N, - A>>1I8; =>2>ABL >;. @8G8 #@0!  2>A:;8:=C; 8H. >A<>B@8 =0 MB>, - >; ?>25@=C; <>=8B>@ B0:, GB>1K 8H A<>3 C2845BL C;5B0NI85 :>AO:8 :>A<8G5A:8E :>@01;59. '5@B, MB> 65 F5;0O C9<0 B@0=A?>@B0!  2A:@8:=C; 8H. 0, >=8 701@0;8 ?>GB8 2A5 :>@01;8 87 =0H8E 0=30@>2. > ?>G5<C 1K 8< =8 >AB0BLAO 745AL? 5<;O  ?@5:@0A=>5 <5AB> 4;O 687=8, - >= A =5:>B>@>9 60;>ABLN ?>A<>B@5; =0 =51>. AB0B8, O =5 ?>;CG0; =8:0:8E 8725AB89 A ;02=>9 ;0=5BK C65 F5;KE 420 <5AOF0. "K E>G5HL, GB>1K O ?>A;0; BC40 ?0B@C;L?  A?@>A8; 8H. -B> =8G53> =0< =5 40AB. @>AB> O E>GC, GB>1K BK >ACI5AB28; :>=B@>;L =04 2A5<8 @5AC@A0<8: 1>5?@8?0A0<8, B>?;82><, ?8I59 8 ?@>G8<. >=OB=>?. 0. 5=L, :>340 <K =0G=5< 4>25@OBL A8=C, =8:>340 =5 =0AB0=5B. >; ?>25A8; <8:@>D>= =0 <5AB>. 5B5@ B@5?0; D;038. #;5B0NI85 :>@01;8 @8A>20;8 ?@O<CN ;8=8N, ?5@5A5:0NICN G5@=>5 8 7;>25I55 =51>. >; 2A5 MB> =5 =@028;>AL. = ?>?@028; DC@06:C 8 2=>2L CAB028;AO =0 =515A=>5 7@5;8I5.  9 ? =5>B@K2=> A<>B@5; 2 8;;N<8=0B>@K ?>;8F59A:>3> :>@01;O =0 :>=BC@K :0:>9-B> ?;0=5BK. 0;5:> 2=87C 1CH520; HB>@<, A>?@>2>6405<K9 2A?KH:0<8 <>;=89. =8 A =525@>OB=>9 A:>@>ABLN =5A;8AL =02AB@5GC AB8E88. / =5 7=0N, GB> MB> 70 ?;0=5B0. K B0: 4>;3> ?;CB0;8 ?> 2A59 !>;=5G=>9 !8AB5<5. > MB> =5 206=>, 254L =0 MB>9 =58725AB=>9 ?;0=5B5 ACI5AB2C5B 0B<>AD5@=K9 A;>9 8 :8A;>@>4. >65B 1KBL. !25B>2K5 8=48:0B>@K :8A;>@>4=KE @575@2C0@>2 <>;G0 A>>1I0;8, GB> 2>74CE0 >AB0;>AL A>2A5< =5<=>3>. ! :064>9 <8=CB>9 >=8 A25B8;8 O@G5. 548 8=, >B25@=C2 3>;>2C >B A2>53> A5:@5B0@O, A845;0 =0 A2>5< <5AB5 8 15772CG=> ?;0:0;0. # =8E =5B =8 54K, =8 2>4K, 0 B5?5@L 8 2>74CE0. 0 MB>< G5@B>2>< :>@01;5 =5 ?@54CA<>B@5=> :0B0?C;LB8@>20=85!, - @07@078;AO 1@0=LN ?, =5?@5AB0==> =068<0O =0 :=>?:C A =04?8ALN 20@89=>5 ">@<>65=85. = ?>?KB0;AO C?@02;OBL :>@01;5< 2@CG=CN, => 1K;> >G5284=>, GB> C?@02;5=85 70:;8=8;> =0 2B>?8;>B5. @8AB53=8B5AL ?>;CGH5. 0< =5 871560BL 020@88!. = ?>A<>B@5; 2 AB>@>=C 548 8= 8 C2845;, GB> >=0 A60;0AL. ? ?>4>H5; : =59 8 701>B;82> ?>4BO=C; @5<=8. = 2A5< A2>8< ACI5AB2>< ?>GC2AB2>20;, :0: <>I=0O AB@CO 2>74CE0 1C4B> @07@K20;0 53>. >;=88 C40@O;8 2 >1H82:C :>@01;O, 8725@30O ?CG:8 A8=8E 8 65;BKE 8A:@, 8;;N<8=0B>@K 1K;8 >1JOBK >3=5<. 8:>340 >1KG=K9 2>74CE =5 :070;AO 5<C B0:8< BO65;K<. ?5@548 ? C2845; ?@81;860NI55AO ?@>AB@0=AB2> =5?@>E>48<KE 46C=3;59. 3@><=>5 45@52> >1@CH8;>AL =0 =8E, 70AK?0O :>@01;L >1;0:>< 87 ;8ABL52 8 25B>:. 5AL C60A 4>25@H8;AO >3@><=K< D>=B0=>< 3@O78, 27<5B=C2H8<AO 87-?>4 :>@01;O. ? =5 ?><=8;, :0: >= 2K1@0;AO =0@C6C, 8 ;8HL A?CABO =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, >= ?>=O;, GB> 53> 2K=5A;> ?>B>:>< 2>4K. 548 8= ;560;0 =0 75<;5. ? B0: 8 =5 2A?><=8;, :0: 2KB0I8; 55. = =0:;>=8;AO : =59, ?@>IC?0; ?C;LA 8 A >BG0O=L5< ?>A<>B@5; =0 55 15;>5, :0: AB5=0 ;8F>.  MB>B <><5=B 46C=3;8 >A25B8;8AL :>@>B:>9 2A?KH:>9 27>@202H53>AO :>@01;O. ? >H5;><;5==> A<>B@5; =0 B>, :0: 4>3>@05B A5@>-75;5=0O >1H82:0. @C3>< 46C=3;8. 6C=3;8 8 4>64L. =8<0B5;L=> >A<>B@52 75<;N ?>4 =>30<8, ? 70<5B8; A;54K ?@>5E02H59 ?>2>7:8, :>B>@K5 B5?5@L ?@54AB02;O;8 A>1>9 =51>;LH85 :0=02:8, ?>;=K5 2>4K. @>< =5 AB8E0;. >64L AB0=>28;AO @565, 8 >= <>3 2845BL GCBL 40;LH5, G5< @0=LH5. > 25745 1K;8 B>;L:> 46C=3;8. = >AB>@>6=> 27O; =0 @C:8 548 8= 8 428=C;AO ?> :0=02:0<, >6840O 2 :064CN <8=CBC =0?>@>BLAO =0 48:>3> 725@O 8;8 7<5N. @>E>4O ?> 15@53C :0:>9-B> @5:8, ? =01@0; ?>;=K5 1>B8=:8 ;8?:>9 3;8=K. = C2845; 4@C3CN, 1>;55 H8@>:CN 4>@>6:C 8 ?5@51@0;AO =0 =55. @>< C65 4>=>A8;AO 8740;5:0. @><>:H89 4> :>AB59, A?>BK:0OAL, >= =0B:=C;AO =0 A0<CN =0AB>OICN AB5=C. ? >AB0=>28;AO 8 CAB028;AO =0 ?@53@04C. 0, MB> 459AB28B5;L=> 1K;0 AB5=0, 2K4>;1;5==0O 87 A:0;K. =0 1K;0 2KA>:>9 - >= =5 2845; 55 25@ECH:8 - 8 =5>1K:=>25==> 4;8==>9, ?@>BO=C2H8AL =0 2A5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>, >E20BK205<>5 3;07><. ? 70<5B8;, GB> 53> 4>@>6:0 70:0=G8205BAO =51>;LH>9 :204@0B=>9 425@LN, >?CB0==>9 ;>7>9. = ?@>1@0;AO : 425@8, 8 ?>?KB0;AO =09B8 70<>:. >;=K9 ?5@54, - 2K4>E=C; >= 8 B>;:=C; 4>A:8 ?;5G><. 48=AB25==0O :><=0B0 1K;0 A;>65=0 87 =5>1@01>B0==>3> :0<=O, 70<CA>@5==0O >1@57:0<8 <5B0;;0. >A@548=5 AB>O; >3@><=K9 20;C=, A;C682H89 2 :0G5AB25 AB>;0. 0 AB>;>< A845; G5;>25: 2 3@O7=>9 @C10H:5 8 =5 >1@0I0; =0 3>AB59 =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. ? >BH2K@=C; 1>B8=:>< >1@57>: <5B0;;0, ?>;>68; 548 2 C3>; 8 ?> E>7O9A:8 ?@8:@K; 425@L. %>7O8= 4><8:0 ?@>4>;60; A>E@0=OBL A?>:>9AB285, ?@>4>;60O G8=8BL 1;0AB5@. -B> 2K =5402=> ?>B5@?5;8 :@CH5=85?, - 7520O, ?@>87=5A >=. ? =0:;>=8;AO =04 AB>;>< 8 :>@>B:> A?@>A8;: 45 <K =0E>48<AO? 'B> MB> 70 ?;0=5B0?. 57=0:><5F ?5@5AB0; 7520BL, ?>B5@ 1;0AB5@ 8 A?>:>9=> >B25B8;: 'B> MB> 70 ?;0=5B0? -B> C60A=K9, 701KBK9 >3><, H0@ 87 3@O78. >1@> ?>60;>20BL =0 ;LB5:, 65<GC68=C .6=>9 0;0:B8:8. K =0E>48B5AL 2 !B8?5, AB>;8F5 >=D545@0F88.... 4@C3 >= @0AA5@48;AO. %>7O8= ?>4=O;AO A> A2>53> ABC;0 8 C3@>60NI5 ?>4=O; ?0;5F, 87<070==K9 B5E=8G5A:8< <0A;><. K 7=05B5, GB> ?@>87>H;>? >340 MB>B >=3@5AA >1JO28;, GB> =0H8 68B5;8 =0E>4OBAO ?>4 3=5B><, MB> <5AB> ?@52@0B8;>AL 2 =0AB>OI55 :;0418I5, 345 ?>AB>O==> H;0 2>9=0 8 3@5<OB 27@K2K. >B, GB> ?@>87>H;>!.  @04>AB8 A5:@5B0@O 3=52 =57=0:><F0 CB8E, 8 B>B >B:8=C;AO =0 A?8=:C ABC;0. 0 53> ;8F5 1K;> =0?8A0=>, GB> >= 2?0; 2 >BG0O=85. 8@=0O 687=L  MB> ?>;=>5 C=8GB>65=85 >@C68O 8 1>52KE A=0@O4>2. A5 A0<K5 >?0A=K5 ?@5ABC?=8:8 ?>:8=C;8 =0HC ?;0=5BC 8 AB0;8 70@010BK20BL =0 687=L G5AB=K< B@C4><, => ..., - >= ?5G0;L=> ?>:0G0; 3>;>2>9. > 2=570?=> =57=0:><5F 2A:>G8; 8 A A8;>9 C40@8; :C;0:>< ?> AB>;C, @071@0AK20O M;5<5=BK =5A>1@0==>3> 1;0AB5@0. ? 2AB@52>68;AO =5 =0 HCB:C. B8GL5 45@L<>!, - @KG0; =57=0:><5F. = ?@8=O; A5@48BK9 284 8 >?OBL AB0; 2>78BLAO A> A2>8< 1;0AB5@><: 0:>5 >@C685 2K ?@54?>G8B05B5?. ? 2 MB>B <><5=B 1>;LH5 2A53> E>B5; >:070BLAO 4><0, 2 ?>;=>9 157>?0A=>AB8. B> 745AL 2A5< C?@02;O5B?. /, - ?@>1>@<>B0; =57=0:><5F A515 ?>; =>A. / C?@02;ON G5BK@=04F0BLN BKAOG0<8 ?>;C@07@CH5==K<8 ?@8AB0=O<8 8 45AOBLN CB;K<8 AC45=KH:0<8. 3> @C:0 :@5?:> CE20B8;0AL 70 @C:>OB:C 1;0AB5@0: 5@54 20<8 3;02=K9 10=48B, !=0, M@ MB>3> 3>@>40. 5 8I8B5 745AL ?@8AB0=8I0 8 @01>BK. K - @07;030NI85AO B@C?K!. !?CABO =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, >= 4>1028;: #E>48B5 >BAN40! 48B5 2 3>@>4. !=0 C:070; ?;5G>< =0 425@L. ? =8G53> =5 ?>=8<0;. = ?>25@=C;AO : 548 8=. 59AB28B5;L=>, <>65B ;CGH5 C9B8 >BAN40 2 3>@>4. A;8 >= ACI5AB2C5B. ? >?CAB8;AO ?5@54 548 8 >?OBL ?@>25@8; ?C;LA, 53> ?C30;0 55 <5@B25==0O 1;54=>ABL. = ?>25@=C;AO 8 A?@>A8;, 345 <>6=> =09B8 4>:B>@0, => !=0 ?@>83=>@8@>20; 2>?@>A. ? 27O; =0 @C:8 548 8 2KH5; 87 704K<;5==>9 :><=0BK. >64L :>=G8;AO, => 3;02=0O, :0: >:070;>AL, C;8F0 1K;0 ?>:@KB0 B>;ABK< A;>5< 3@O78. 4B8 ?> 3@O78 =5 E>B5;>AL, 2 1>B8=:0E 55 C65 1K;> 4>AB0B>G=>. ? 2 B>A:5 ?>A<>B@5; 2>:@C3. 3> >:@C60;8 @0720;8=K :0:8E-B> 4@52=8E ?>AB@>5:. 0@0 ?LO=KE 20;O;0AL 2 A0<>9 3@O78. O4>< ?@>1560;0 A>10:0, :;K:0<8 ?>E>60O =0 2>;:0. =0 >AB0=>28;0AL >:>;> ?LO=GC3 8 >1=NE0;0 8E. ? A>4@>3=C;AO. 8;>5 <5AB5G:>, =8G53> =5 A:065HL. 3;O=C2H8AL, >= 2 4CH5 ?>1;03>40@8; >30, =0 425@OE 28A5;0 3@O7=0O B01;8G:0 >:B>@ :A, 0 @O4>< ?>4 2K25A:>9 5:0@AB20 8 <548:0<5=BK 2848<> @0A?>;030;0AL 0?B5:0. ? @5H8; 70=5AB8 548 8= 2 4>< 4>:B>@0. 25@L 1K;0 ?@8>B:@KB0, >= >AB>@>6=> ?>ABCG0;, => >B25B0 =5 ?>A;54>20;>. >4>6402 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, ? 2>H5; 2 4>< 157 @07@5H5=8O, =>, ?@>94O =5A:>;L:> H03>2 ?> A:@8?CG8< ?>;>28F0<, >= C2845; A54>3> 87<>645==>3> G5;>25:0. #18@09B5AL >BAN40!  ?@>1C@G0; 4>:B>@, => ?>B>< @57:> A?@>A8;: # 20A 5ABL 45=L38?. ? :@0A=>@5G82> :82=C; 2 AB>@>=C A2>53> =5 B>I53> :>H5;L:0. >:B>@ ?>4>H5; : 548 8= ?>1;865. 8F> 548 >AB020;>AL B0:8< 65 1;54=K<. 420 ? CA?5; 4>AB0BL 45=L38, GB>1K 70?;0B8BL 4>:B>@C, B>B 2KE20B8; 10=:=>BK. A53> 45AOBL 10=:=>B ?@825;8 53> 2 = HLh PRN P &&&&z'|'((Z)\) * *D*F*--\3^333"6$6779999Z:\:;;;;<<==D>F>xBzBbEdEFFJJpK h [NH h&h [h&h [5CJD h [5CJDh&h [5CJDmH sH h [5CJDmH sH h [h [mHsHJ HJLh t X.!!#$*&$`a$$%*& (X*/X13P6L<fCFnIKLNPTVXX[]_fx|~~`VpKrKNLPLTMVMNNBODOOO$Q&QWWXX\\__a avbxb$c&cffhhjjkkmm"q$qqqttvv\w^wxx`ybyzzzz||||V~X~8:24.0RT\^xz>@ʎ̎@Bޗh [ h [NHaBޚΜBxlʲBR*j6fhtv~,.ءڡ<>ަ@B`b fhfh:<jl68hj"$ҹԹ24PR4646 BD24.0  h&h [ h [NHh [^6 $.b\   p! $&"*,v1847$9=vxpr~.0:<68jl*,<>\^$&VXfhVX  bdpr "|~4 6   B D z|ln h&h [ h [NHh [^nxz*,,!.!."0"######$$$$$$''0(2((())**+ +z+|+@,v,l-n-x3z3*4,4|456677 9 90;2;;;f>h> A AAABBFFHHHH`IbI0L2LFNHNOORRVV h&h [ h [NHh [^=?Rbdmm@oqsu@x\. 8bf$Vf82@VXYYZZ]]~^^,_.___bb\c^cdd f fff0m2mnmpmnnFqHqqq:t@lnvx<>|~PRZ\ 8:. h&h [h [ h [NH^PRdz`,0lb*&t.08:XZ8:8: . 0 \^~ "|~,.02: <   T"V"%%@&B&''))r*t*//11225566<7>7h [ h [NHatN  H$p(- /B0R0645H7<=TBI PxQQSTUVY>788::::x;z;:@<@@@AAAAdDfDEEEEGGfHhH I IIIdJfJKKNNPPVQXQRRtTvT:V>1@078<>5 2>71C645=85, >= ?@K30;, =5 A:@K20O @04>AB8. 9 A@>G=> =C65= 4@53><8=, - A:070; 4>:B>@, ?@OG0 ?>;CG5==K5 45=L38 2 1574>==K5 :0@<0=K ?8460:0, 8 =0?@02;OOAL : 0?B5:5. 5A8B5 55 2 @0=4 B5;L. / A:>@> ?@84C. ?, BO65;> 274>E=C2, AB0; ?@>18@0BLAO : 2K25A:5 >B5;O. = C60A=> CAB0;, 8 <KA;L > B5?;>9 8 ACE>9 ?>AB5;8 3@5;0 53> 4CHC. B5;L >:070;AO 3@O7=K< 8 <@0G=K< <5AB><, 345 402=> =8:B> =5 >AB0=02;820;AO.  E>;;5 =0 B0EB5 ;560; G5;>25: 8 <54;5==> BO=C; GB>-B> 87 1CBK;:8, =5 >1@0I0O =0 3>AB59 =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. # 20A 5ABL :><=0BK?  A?@>A8; ?. '5;>25:, ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@O 2 ?>B>;>:, =0A<5H;82> >B25B8;: ABL ;8 C <5=O :><=0BK? @8H;8 1K 2K AN40 ?0@C <5AOF52 =0704, B>340 1K B>G=> :><=0B =5 1K;>. 45AL 68;8 <8;;8>=5@K. 8=>, 65=I8=K, 45=L38! > :B>-B> ?@84C<K205B 4C@0F:89 70:>= > =0;>3>>1;>65=88, 8 2A5 B>;AB>AC<K A<0BK20NBAO >BAN40 2 <5AB0, 345 8E =8:B> =5 1C45B 15A?>:>8BL :0:8<8-B> 70:>=0<8!. = ?>B@OA 3>;>2>9 8 >BE;51=C; 87 1CBK;:8. ? @074@065==> ?>2B>@8; 2>?@>A. '5;>25:, =5 A2>4O 3;07 A ?>B>;:0, >B25B8;: K18@09 ;N1CN.  <>65B, :C?8HL C <5=O >B5;L?. ? >A<>B@5;AO: 2A5 1K;> 2 AB@0H=>< 70?CAB5=88. 8DB =5 @01>B0;, 8 5<C ?@8H;>AL ?>4=8<0BLAO ?> ;5AB=8F5, 5;5-5;5 ?5@5AB02;OO =>38. = 2K1@0; ?5@2CN ?>?02HCNAO 425@L 8 2>H5; 2 :><=0BC. 5A<>B@O =0 B>;ABK9 A;>9 ?K;8, 1K;8 70<5B=K >AB0B:8 @>A:>H8. :=> 1K;> 704@0?8@>20=>, 0 A:2>7L =5<KBK5 AB5:;0 1K;8 284=K @0A?;K2G0BK5 >G5@B0=8O :@5?>AB=>9 AB5=K. ? ?>;>68; 548 8= =0 :@>20BL, 8 AB0; ABO3820BL A =55 ?@><>:HCN >4564C. !:>@> ?>O28;AO >:B>@ :A, :>B>@K9 =0H5; 8E ?> 3@O7=K< A;540<, >AB02;5==K< ?><. = ?@8=5A F5;K9 ?0:5B G53>-B> 8 1@>A8; 53> =0 AB>;. 0A28ABK20O GB>-B> ?>4 =>A, 4>:B>@ >B:@K; ?0:5B, 4>AB0; H?@8F 8 =0?>;=8; 53> A25B;>9 684:>ABLN. 0B5<, 70:0B02 @C:02, >= 2>B:=C; 83;C A515 2 25=C. ? 70ABK; 2 87C<;5=88, 0 4>:B>@, ?>45@3820OAL, <54;5==> 22>48; A515 A>45@68<>5 H?@8F0. B1@>A82 H?@8F 2 AB>@>=C, 4>:B>@ A 4>2>;L=K< ;8F>< A:070;: "5?5@L <>6=> >A<>B@5BL 1>;L=CN. >A;5 15A:>=5G=>3> >A<>B@0, A>?@>2>6405<>3> A28AB><, 4>:B>@ ?@54;>68; ?C 2K9B8 87 :><=0BK 8 ?>3>2>@8BL. ?, ?@>=01;N402 4>:B>@><, 2KH5;. # 20H59 ?>4@C38 A>B@OA5=85 3>;>2=>3> <>730, B@8 A;><0==KE @51@0, ?>@20==K5 A2O7:8 =0 @C:5. >@>G5, <=5 =C6=> 5I5 AB>;L:> 65 45=53, - 70O28; 4>:B>@. ?, =0E>4OAL 2 A>AB>O=88 >F5?5=5=8O, A?@>A8;: !:>;L:> >=0 ?@>;568B 2 ?>AB5;8?. 20 8;8 B@8 <5AOF0 <8=8<C<, - ?>A?5H8; A>>1I8BL 4>:B>@.  5A;8 70 =59 CE06820BL ?>;CGH5?. 20 <5AOF0.  5A;8 O >15A?5GC 20A 4@53><8=><? - A<5:=C2, 2 G5< 45;>, A?@>A8; ?. >:B>@ ?>4?@K3=C; >B B0:>3> ?@54;>65=8O: (5ABL =545;L!. ? 2KB0I8; 5I5 45AOBL 10=:=>B: OBL =545;L. >:B>@ CB25@48B5;L=> :82=C; 3>;>2>9. >94O 2 :><=0BC, 4>:B>@ ?>4>H5; : >:=C 8 ?@>H5?B0;: OBL =545;L! &5;KE ?OBL =545;L! !=0 1K; ?@02. '5@B!  10 C7K:0 1K;0 C60A=>9, AB0@K9 <5E0=8G5A:89 <C7K:0;L=K9 OI8: ?@>?CA:0; F5;K5 D@07K. > MB> =8:>3> =5 15A?>:>8;>, ?>B><C GB> 55 =8:B> =5 A;CH0;. 5A<>B@O =0 @0==89 G0A, 2 :010:5 C65 A845;> =5A:>;L:> ?>A5B8B5;59, :>B>@K5 1K;8 =0AB>OI8<8 :0;5:0<8: C >4=>3> =5 E20B0;> 3;070, C 4@C3>3>  =>38. !:CG0NI89 10@<5= AB>O; 70 AB>9:>9, ?>4?5@52 I5:8 @C:0<8. 0 >B40;5==K< AB>;8:>< >48=>:> A845; <C6G8=0, >45BK9 2 D>@<C ?8;>B0. 3> @C:8 B5@518;8 4@>B8:8 >B 40@BA0. @>254O A:CG=K< 273;O4>< ?> AB5=5, >= <5B=C; >48= 87 4@>B8:>2, :>B>@K9 2>B:=C;AO 2 B@CE;O2CN AB5=C. :>;> ;5AB=8FK @0A?>;>68;0AL =51>;LH0O 3@C??0 83@>:>2 2 :>AB8. ?C A53>4=O >A>15==> 257;>. @C38< 257;> <5=LH5, 8 >=8 =5 >B@K20;8 3;07 >B 42865=89 ?0. !?>:>9=> ?>B@OE820O B@5<O :>ABOH:0<8, ? 70<5B8;: >:, 2K A:070;8 ?OBL =545;L.... >:B>@ ?>60; ?;5G0<8: >4>648B5 5I5 >48= 45=L. ? =0E<C@8;AO 8 1@>A8; :>AB8. / ?>94C 8 ?@>2540N 55. > >= =5 CA?5; 2AB0BL, :0: 2;045;5F >B5;O, :>B>@K9 B>65 ?@8=8<0; CG0AB85 2 83@5, 2>7<CB8;AO: "0: =5G5AB=>! "K 4>;65= 40BL =0< H0=A >BK3@0BLAO!. !=0 70A<5O;AO: K E>B8B5 >AB0=>28BL A0<>3> 1>30B>3> G5;>25:0 2 !B8?5? -9, ?, =5 E>B8B5 :C?8BL C <5=O >@C659=CN 107C?. > 2 MB>B <><5=B 4>:B>@ :A ?>BO=C; ?0 70 @C:02, 65;0O ?@82;5GL 53> 2=8<0=85. ? ?>25@=C; 3>;>2C 8 C2845; 548 8=, AB>O2HCN =0 ABC?5=L:0E. =0 >G5=L ?>EC45;0, 55 :@0A=>5 ?;0BL5 28A5;> =0 =59 :0: =0 25H0;:5. 548 :@5?:> 45@60;0AL 70 ?5@8;;0, 8 2725H820;0 A2>8 H0=AK A?CAB8BLAO 2=87. 0 55 ;8F5 A8O;0 C;K1:0. ? 274>E=C; A >1;53G5=85<. >:B>@, =5 A:@K20O C482;5=8O, >4=>2@5<5==> A ?>< 1@>A8;AO =0 ?><>IL. > 25@=K9 A5:@5B0@L 4>1560; ?5@2K<. = =5 <>3 ?@>87=5AB8 =8 A;>20, 1>OAL 4>B@>=CBLAO 4> =55. 5 7=0O, GB> 45;0BL, ? >1=O; 548 8= 2<5AB5 A ?5@8;;0<8. AB02HCNAO G0ABL 4=O 2A5 ?@>25;8 ?>4 2?5G0B;5=85< >B MB>9 4CH5I8?0B5;L=>9 AF5=K. >A5B8B5;8 :010:0 15A?@5AB0==> 70:07K20;8 2K?82:C, 0 @C:0 10@<5=0 =5 CAB020;0 55 =0;820BL. !>10:0, :>B>@CN ? 2845; <=>3> =545;L =0704, B>65 1K;0 =0 B>@65AB25. ? 70:070; >4=C >G5=L ?>?C;O@=CN :>340-B> ?5A=N. 548 8=, >45B0O 2 ?>B@5?0==>5 7;>AG0AB=>5 7>;>B>5 ?;0BL5, A845;0 =0 @>O;5 A <8:@>D>=>< 2 @C:5. =0 ?5;0 ?5A=N A GC2AB2><, 87@54:0 1@>A0O =5>4=>7=0G=K9 273;O4 2 C3>;, 345 A845; <C6G8=0 2 :C@B:5 ?8;>B0. > 8=B5@5ACNI89 55 >1J5:B =5 >1@0I0; 01A>;NB=> =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. 3> 273;O4 70ABK; =0 @K65< B0@0:0=5, 153CI5< ?> AB5=5. = @57:> <5B=C; 4@>B8: 8 ?@832>748; 154=>5 =0A5:><>5. 5@5:8=C2 =>3C =0 =>3C, <C6G8=0 AB0; BO=CBL 87 AB0:0=0. 0 ;8F5 1;C640;0 4>2>;L=0O C;K1:0. 548 8= 70:>=G8;0 ?5BL 8 ?@8=8<0;0 1C@=K5 0?;>48A<5=BK >B G5@5AGC@ 1;03>40@=>9 ?C1;8:8. =0 3@0F8>7=> @0A:;0=O;0AL 8 ?>4>H;0 : ?C. =B5@5A=>, 2  5ABL GB>-=81C4L G5;>25G5A:>5?. ?, 5420 H525;O 3C10<8, >B25B8;: '5;>25: , 8;8 =5B, MB> ?8;>B 548=AB25==>3> A>E@0=82H53>AO 745AL :>A<8G5A:>3> :>@01;O. ">;L:>  <>65B ?><>GL =0< 4>1@0BLAO 4> 5<;8. >A;02 2>74CH=K9 ?>F5;C9 ?C1;8:5, 548, ?@>18@0OAL G5@57 >?@>:8=CBK5 ABC;LO, =0?@028;0AL 2 7025B=K9 C3>;, 345 A845; ?8;>B. 5 C4>AB>82H8AL 4065 273;O40, >=0 A>1;07=8B5;L=> CA5;0AL =0 53> AB>;8:.  G5< 2K 704C<0;8AL? >65B, > A;>682H59AO A8BC0F88 2 0;0:B8:5?. / =5=0286C ?>;8B8:C, - ?>A;54>20; >B25B, 8 >G5@54=>9 4@>B8: ?>;5B5; 2 AB5=C. / =5=0286C 0;0:B8G5A:CN >=D545@0F8N.  AB5=C ?>;5B5; 5I5 >48= 4@>B8:. / =5=0286C 65=I8=!. 5 B5@OO =04564K ?>=@028BLAO, 548, C25H0==0O 4@03>F5==>ABO<8, ?>4>428=C;0AL : ?8;>BC 1;865. >8 C:@0H5=8O A59G0A >G5=L 4>@>3> AB>OB. -B> A0<K9 E>4>2>9 B>20@ 2> 2A59 0;0:B8:5.  >B25B ?>A;54>20;> 3@>1>2>5 <>;G0=85. 15A:C@065==0O ?@>8AH54H8<, 548 8= @5H8;0 @5B8@>20BLAO. =0 1K;0 C65 =0 ?>;?CB8 : @>O;N, :>340 @0A?0E=C;0AL 2E>4=0O 425@L, 8 2;5B5; 70?KE02H89AO !=0.  @C:5 >= :@5?:> A68<0; :0:CN-B> 1C<06:C. -9, A;CH09B5 2A5! K A?0A5=K!.  :><=0B5 2>F0@8;0AL B8H8=0, 8 B>;L:> A>10:0 >A<5;8;0AL ?5@518BL 53>. !=0 ?@>4>;68;: / ?>;CG8; A5:@5B=>5 A>>1I5=85 >B 8=8AB@0 >;8F88. = 3>B>2 40BL @01>BC :064><C D878G5A:8 ?>;=>F5==><C <C6G8=5, 0 25AL =0H B@0=A?>@B 8 2>5==K9 0@A5=0; ?5@5E>48B ?>4 C?@02;5=85 $545@0F88!. '5@57 <8=CBC 2A5 AC5B8;8AL 8 A>25B>20;8AL 4@C3 A 4@C3>< > 3@O4CI8E ?5@A?5:B820E. > 1K;8 8 B0:85, :>B>@K5 2>2A5 =5 1K;8 @04K MB><C A>>1I5=8N. -B> 1K; "@8=3, ?8;>B. = AB>O; :0: 2:>?0==K9. !BC:=C2 :C;0:>< ?> AB>;C, >= ?@>H8?5;: 48=AB25==K9 :>A<8G5A:89 :>@01;L 2 MB>< ?>30=>< <5AB5 ?@8=04;568B <=5!.  MB> 2@5<O 548 8= 45;0;0 25AL<0 2K@078B5;L=K5 7=0:8 ?C. #;>282 <KA;L 548, ? 428=C;AO : !=0. K 745AL, "@8=3? 0A <=5 8 =04>, - A:070; !=0. "@8=3 A28@5?> A<>B@5; =0 !=0, >4=>9 @C:>9 B5@51O :>1C@C. / =8:><C =5 ?>72>;N C?@02;OBL <>8< :>@01;5<! 8:>340!. > C <5=O 5ABL 4>:C<5=B, >A<>B@8B5!  !=0 @07<0E820; 1C<03>9 ?>4 =>A>< "@8=30. 8;>B AC4>@>6=> CE20B8;AO 70 AB>;: / ?>2B>@ON: MB>B :>@01;L ?@8=04;568B B>;L:> <=5! ? =570<5B=> ?@81;878;AO : =8<. / =8:>340 =5 1C4C @01>B0BL =0 MBC ?@>:;OBCN $545@0F8N!  ?@>4>;60; 1CH520BL "@8=3. !=0 @5H8; 459AB2>20BL ?>-4@C3><C. >;>682 @C:C =0 ?;5G> ?8;>B0, >= 708A:820NI5 A?@>A8;: K >B:065B5AL >B =0H53> ?@54;>65=8O, 5A;8 <K ?>>15I05< ?;0B8BL BKAOGC 2 =545;N?. ?, 4>AB02 A2>9 1;0AB5@, =570<5B=> ?@8AB028; 53> : A?8=5 "@8=30. "@8=3 70D8:A8@>20; A2>9 273;O4 =0 ;8F5 !=0, :>B>@K9 2AOG5A:8 70<0=820; ?8;>B0: -B> 20H H0=A. K 1C45B5 35=5@0;><, 0 8=0G5 2K >AB0=5B5AL =8 A G5<. !=0 ?@>4>;60; B@OAB8 1C<03>9: @>GB8B5 MB>!. 548 8= 2845;0 2A5 <0=8?C;OF88 ?0 8 >4>1@8B5;L=> :820;0 3>;>2>9, A68<0O >B 2>;=5=8O @C:8. ?, C;CG82 <><5=B, =03=C;AO : CEC "@8=30 8 3>@OG> ?@>H5?B0;: -B> ?>E>65 =0 1@54 AC<0AH54H53>, => MB> 459AB28B5;L=> 20H H0=A!. 8;>B =5 H5;>E=C;AO, >= >G5=L >AB@> >ICI0; 4C;> 1;0AB5@0, ?;>B=> ?@860B>5 : 53> A?8=5. "@8=3, A:068B5 !=0, GB> 2K A>3;0A=K. @>3;>B82 :><>:, 70AB@O2H89 2 3>@;5, "@8=3 :82=C; 2 7=0: A>3;0A8O. / ?><>3C "@8=3C ?>43>B>28BL :>@01;L. 0G=5< ?@O<> A59G0A, - >1JO28; ?. !=0, 2=5 A51O >B @04>AB8, @07@5H8; 8< ?@8ABC?8BL : @01>B5. K94O 87 :010:0, ?0 >E20B8;0 =5@2=0O 4@>6L. 065BAO, ?5@20O G0ABL 8E 70<KA;0 C40;0AL. >65B 1KBL. >A<>4@>< 1K; AB@0H=> 70?CI5=. 548 8= 1K;0 C65 745AL. O4>< ;560;8 A0<K5 =5>1E>48<K5 25I8 8 ?0;LB>. B =5B5@?5=8O >=0 =5@2=> 3@K7;0 =>3B8. >65, ?><>38 8< 4>1@0BLAO!. =0 CA;KH0;0 B>@>?;82K5 H038. 2>5 <C6G8= 1KAB@> ?@81;860;8AL : :>@01;N. 548 ?><0E0;0 @C:>9 ?C, :>B>@K9 C65 >B:@KB> 45@60; "@8=30 =0 <CH:5. =8 1;03>?>;CG=> 701@0;8AL 2 :>@01;L, "@8=3 A5; 70 HBC@20;. '5@57 ;>1>2>5 AB5:;> 1K; 2845= :CA>G5: A8=53> =510. 52 BC@18= @0A:>;>; ?5@2>740==CN B8H8=C. >@01;L @57:> >B>@20;AO >B 27;5B=>9 ?;>I04:8 8 27<K; 2 =51>; ?C ?@8H;>AL CE20B8BLAO 70 :@5A;> 2B>@>3> ?8;>B0, GB>1K =5 C?0ABL. 4@C3 "@8=3 @07@078;AO 3@><:8< A<5E><, :>B>@K9 ?>GB8 ?5@5:@K20; HC< 42830B5;59. 0A<5O2H8AL 24>2>;L, >= ?>25@=C; 3>;>2C =0704 8 A:070; ?C, :>B>@K9 2A5 5I5 45@60; 1;0AB5@ >:>;> 53> A?8=K: K <>65B5 C1@0BL A2>N 83@CH:C. K 74>@>2> 2K@CG8;8 <5=O, 254L >=8 2A5 @02=> C18;8 1K <5=O 87-70 :>@01;O. 548 8= 8 ? 87C<;5==> A<>B@5;8 =0 ?>E8I5==>3> ?8;>B0. @>H;> :0:>5-B> 2@5<O, 8 >=8 B>65 @0AA<5O;8AL, ?>=8<0O :><548N A;>682H59AO A8BC0F88. ? A?@OB0; 1;0AB5@, 8, ?>A<>B@52 =0 "@8=30, ?>4C<0;: >65B >= A<>65B 4>AB028BL =0A =0 5<;N. >65B 1KBL.  11 :@C65==0O 75;5=K<8 45@52LO<8, A5:@5B=0O 1070 A8=C, @0A?>;>65==0O =0 ;02=>9 ;0=5B5, 1K;0 =0456=> C:@KB0 >3@><=K< :C?>;><. 0@010=K 3;CE> >B1820;8 <@0G=K9 @8B<. 0 ?;>I04:5 AB@>3>9 H5@5=3>9 AB>O;8 A5@>-75;5=K5 A>;40BK. 'CBL 40;LH5 2KAB@>8;8AL =>2>1@0=FK, >45BK5 7=0G8B5;L=> EC65. A8=C 8 '8, A>?@>2>6405<K5 >E@0=>9, 8=A?5:B8@>20;8 A2>8 2;045=8O. ! =8<8 1K;8 5;L, M:A-(5D !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88, 8 3;02=K9 ?A8E80B@. A8=C ?@848@G82> >A<>B@5; 2>9A:0 8 =54>25@G82> A?@>A8; C '8: K 30@0=B8@C5B5, GB> MB0 1070 4>AB0B>G=> =0456=> 70I8I5=0 >B 2=5H=53> <8@0?. '8 2KB8@0; A> ;10 ?>B, >= 1K; ?@>B82 MB>9 ?@>3C;:8 ?> 1075: 45=L 2K40;AO >G5=L 60@:8<. A8=C 7=0; >B25B =0?5@54 8 ?>MB><C =5 AB0; =0AB0820BL =0 >B25B5. K ?@8:070;8 AB@5;OBL 2 ;N1>3>, :B> ?@81;878BAO : >3@0645=8N. A8=C >4>1@8B5;L=> :820; 3>;>2>9. '8 ?@>4>;68;: K ?>GB8 ?>;=>ABLN C:><?;5:B>20;8 2>8=A:89 A>AB02. A8=C C40@8; B@>ABLN >4=>3> 87 =>2>1@0=F52: -B8 B>65 1C4CB 70I8I0BL =0A?. >2>1@0=5F <>;G0 C;K1=C;AO, 2K?;52K20O 2K18BK5 7C1K. -B> <>8 ;CGH85 2>8=K, A0<K5 65AB>:85 ?@5ABC?=8:8 0;0:B8:8.  ?>4>1=K5 >B@O4K C65 AD>@<8@>20=K ?>GB8 =0 :064>9 ?;0=5B5, - 2K?0;8; '8. A8=C 4>2>;L=> C;K1=C;AO. 57:> >15@=C2H8AL, >= 1@>A8;: 45=LB5 8E 2 15;CN D>@<C, 0 B> >=8 ?>E>68 =0 2>4>AB>G=K5 B@C1K. '8 ?>A;CH=> :82=C; 3>;>2>9, E>BO ?>4C<0;, GB> A8=C ?>;CG8; A>;=5G=K9 C40@: 45BL 3@O7=KE <0=LO:>2 2 452AB25==>-15;CN C=8D>@<C?! 'CHL!. 5 >1@0I0O 2=8<0=8O =0 ?@825BAB25==K5 ;0NI85 :@8:8 ?>440==KE, A8=C ?>4=O;AO ?> ABC?5=L:0< 2 3;02=K9 >D8A 2>5==>9 107K. @0:B8G5A:8, :><=0B0 =0E>48;0AL ?>4 A0<K< :C?>;><, ?>:@K20NI8< 2AN 107C. 0:;>==K5 AB5=K A;C68;8 2 :0G5AB25 :0@BK 0;0:B8:8, A?;>HL 8A?5I@5==>9 <8=80BN@=K<8 1C;02:0<8-:>@01;O<8 8 D;06:0<8. 0;55 =0E>48;AO >3@><=K9, ;53:> ?5@5428305<K9 AB>;, =0 :>B>@>< ;560;8 B@8 0::C@0B=KE 1C<06=KE A28B:0. O4>< AB>O;0 ?>;:0, 7020;5==0O 1C<030<8. A8=C 2>H5; 2 H8@>:> @0A?0E=CBK5 425@8 8 ?@>H5; : AB>;C. 20 A5:@5B=KE :;5@:0 ?>A?5H=> >B>H;8 2 AB>@>=C. BAB0282 A2>N B@>ABL, A8=C ?>25@=C;AO ;8F>< : A2>8< 4>;6=>AB=K< ;8F0<. #40@>< ;04>=8 >= ?>:070;, GB> B@51C5B 157CA;>2=>3> 2=8<0=8O. !59G0A >= =C640;AO 2 MB8E ;N4OE, >:@C602H8E 53>. A8=C =0G0; A2>5 2KABC?;5=85. -B> =0H5 ?>A;54=55 A>1@0=85. @>HC ?@545;L=>3> 2=8<0=8O. = 4>AB0; ?5@2K9 A28B>:. 5@20O G0ABL =0H53> ?;0=0  0:B82=K5 459AB28O ?> 2A5<C ?@>AB@0=AB2C 0;0:B8:8. &5?:8< 42865=85 ?0;LF52 >= 4>AB0; O@:CN 4803@0<<C. &5;L 25AL<0 ?@>AB0  C=8GB>68BL :064>3> >AC40@AB25==>3> D8F5@0 0;0:B8:8!  2>71C640OAL, A:070; A8=C. A5 4@C6=> 70:820;8 2 7=0: >4>1@5=8O. K45@602 ?0C7C, A8=C ?@>4>;68;: B>@0O G0ABL 70:;NG05BAO 2 C=8GB>65=88 2A5E 2>5==KE $545@0;L=KE 107, @0A?>;>65==KE =0 ?;0=5B0E. 0:>=5F >= @0725@=C; B@5B89 4>:C<5=B:  ?>A;54=OO G0ABL. K ?;0=8@C5< A>A;0BL 2A5, =5 ?>4G8=82H55AO =0A5;5=85 =0 5<;N 8 C=8GB>68BL MBC ?;0=5BC. 3> ;8F> <54;5==> @0A?;K;>AL 2 C;K1:5: / 4C<0N, GB> 2K A G5ABLN A?@028B5AL A ?>AB02;5==K<8 7040G0<8.  A;CG05 ?>154K =0A >68405B 1573@0=8G=0O 2;0ABL =04 0;0:B8:>9. A;8 C 20A =5B 2>?@>A>2, O ?@54>AB02;N A;>2> '8. #A<5E0OAL, B8H8=C ?@5@20; >48= 87 1K2H8E 10=48BA:8E 02B>@8B5B>2, 0 =K=5 :><0=48@ >B@O40: 0, 2K 74>@>2> 2A5 ?@>AG8B0;8!. A8=C, A25@:=C2 3;070<8, <>;G0 40; 5<C ?>=OBL, GB> AG8B05B 53> C1;N4:><. 07@5H82 '8 =0G0BL ?>4@>1=>5 >?8A0=85 AB@0B538G5A:>3> ?;0=0, A8=C, >?8@0OAL =0 B@>ABL, 2KH5;. !B@>9=K5 H5@5=38 @0AABC?8;8AL ?5@54 =8<, 8 F5;5=0?@02;5==> 70<0@H8@>20;8. >4 10@010==CN 4@>1L >=8 C40;8;8AL, 8 A:>@> =0 ?;0FC =5 >AB0;>AL =8G53>, :@><5 <CA>@0, @071@0AK205<>3> 25B@><. '8 AB>O; =0 A0<>< 25@EC :C?>;0, 2KH5 =53> 1K;8 B>;L:> 72574K. 520O @C:0 AC4>@>6=> A68<0;0 @048>?5@540BG8:, 2 ?@02>9 @C:5 >= 45@60; B09<5@. >73 B@52>6=> ?5@518@0; 2A5 8=AB@C:F88, 40==K5 A8=C. 065BAO, =8G53> =5 701K;... >65B, 1@>A8BL 2A5? 5B, A;8H:>< ?>74=>! = =060; =0 :=>?:C B09<5@0 8 3@><:> A:070; 2 @048>?5@540BG8:: 5@20O D070!.  A2>5< :018=5B5 A845; :><0=48@ >B@O40 7025@1>20==KE 3>;>2>@57>2, 70102;OOAL =>6><. 8=0<8:, 28A52H89 ?@O<> =04 CE><, ?@>H8?5;: 5@20O D070. ><0=48@ @57:> ?>4=O;AO A :@5A;0, <5B=C2 =>6 2 ?>;. >5E0;8!.  <5630;0:B8G5A:>< &5=B@5 2A5 1K;> 3>B>2>. 0=5;L C?@02;5=8O, >:@C65==0O ?0CB8=>9 ?@>2>4>2, A25B8;0AL =0720=8O<8 ?;0=5B 8 72574, 2E>4OI8E 2 0;0:B8G5A:CN >=D545@0F8N: Sirius, Canopus, Alpha Centauri, Vega, Capella, Arcturus, Rigel, Procyon, Achernar, Beta Centauri, Altair, Betelgeuse, Acrux, Aldebaran, Pollux, Spica, Antares, Fomalhaut, Deneb, Regulus 8 Deneb, Regulus 8 !>;. !2O78AB ?@>25@8; A2O7L A> 2A5<8 ?;0=5B0<8. A5 1K;> 2 ?>@O4:5. = ?>25@=C; 3;02=K9 @KG03 ?0=5;8 8 ?@>87=5A: =8<0=85! A5< ?;0=5B0<! 5@20O D070!. 2B><>18;L=K5 D0@K, ?@>@570O <@0:, >AB0=>28;8AL >:>;> 4><0, 0 70B5< >A25B8;8 425@8 30@060. D8F5@ 703;CH8; <>B>@ 8 2KH5; 87 <0H8=K. =570?=> @0740;8AL 420 3@><:8E 2KAB@5;0. C6G8=0 C?0; =0 75<;N 8 70<5@.  B>B 65 <><5=B 42>5, >45BK5 2 AB@0==CN 15;CN D>@<C, ?>41560;8 : D8F5@C. =8 E>B5;8 C4>AB>25@8BLAO 2 53> A<5@B8. = 1K; <5@B2. >AC40@AB25==K9 A;C60I89 <54;5==> A?CA:0;AO ?> H8@>:8< 15;K< ABC?5=L:0< 04<8=8AB@0B82=>3> 740=8O. KAB@5; 70AB028; 53> CE20B8BAO 70 >:@>202;5==>5 ?;5G>. AB02;OO :@0A=K9 A;54, >= ?>25@=C; =0704. C6G8=0 =5 70<5B8; 42CE G5;>25: 2 15;>9 D>@<5, 2E>4OI8E 2 >D8A. 57 2AO:8E A;>2 >=8 >B:@K;8 AB@5;L1C ?> =5AG0AB=><C :;5@:C, >AB02;OO 3;C1>:85 A;54K =0 AB5=0E 8 B5;5 65@B2K. 0:>=5F, :;5@: 157687=5==> C?0; 2 ;C6C :@>28. 2>5 =57=0:><F52 ?>A?5H=> C40;8;8AL. 51>;LH>9 ?0B@C;L=K9 :>A<8G5A:89 :>@01;L ?@875<;8;AO =0 ?;>I04:5. 7 =53> 2K;57 D8F5@, =0 E>4C A=8<0O H;5<. =570?=> >= C2845; =5GB>, ?>E>655 =0 1>52CN 3@0=0BC 8 A> 2A5E =>3 1@>A8;AO : :>@01;N. !?CABO <3=>25=85 @0740;AO 27@K2. 0?>;KE0; ?>60@, 8 A@548 O7K:>2 ?;0<5=8 2K@8A>2K20;AO 8A:>@565==K9 A8;CMB ?0B@C;L=>9 <0H8=K.  B5<=>< :018=5B5 A845; :><0=4CNI89 0@<859 ?>2AB0=F52 8 :CA0; :>=G8: :0@0=40H0. 5@54 =8< ;560; A?8A>: 2A5E >AC40@AB25==KE D8F5@>2 !8AB5<K 0?5;;0. 048>?5@540BG8: ?@>H8?5;: ;0=5B0 '5;;8A. 59B5=0=B >=. ><0=48@ =0H5; ?@>87=5A5==>5 8<O 2 A?8A:5 8 2KG5@:=C; 53>. 8=0<8: =5 CA?>:0820;AO: 0?8B0= !B5=. (8@>:8< 42865=85< @C:8 :><0=48@ A C4>2>;LAB285< 70G5@:=C; 8<O, =5<=>3> ?>F0@0?02 1C<03C. !C:8= AK=! = <5=O :0:-B> 0@5AB>20;. 048>?5@540BG8: ?@>4>;60; B@5I0BL, A>>1I0O 2A5 =>2K5 8<5=0... "@>5 D8F5@>2 60;8AL ?> AB5=0< 704K<;5==>3> :>@84>@0, 45@60 >@C685 =03>B>25. KAB@5; 87 :@C?=>:0;815@=>3> 1;0AB5@0 70AB028; 8E =02A5340 C?0ABL =0 ?>;. 0 :0:>5-B> 2@5<O 2A5 ?>3@C78;>AL 2 B8H8=C. @O=C; 27@K2, >AB02;OO ;8HL 2>A?><8=0=8O > :070@<5. 0@0 <C6G8= 2K1560;0 70 2>@>B0, 345 28A5;0 B01;8G:0 >8=A:0O G0ABL. !8AB5<0 Betelgeuse. AB>@>6=> A68<0O 2 @C:5 1;0AB5@, @C:0 2 ?5@G0B:5 0::C@0B=> >B:@K20;0 425@L.  :@>20B8 <8@=> A?0; <C6G8=0, 1>@<>G0 GB>-B> 2> A=5. 1;040B5;L 1;0AB5@0 >AB0=>28;AO 8 ?@8A;CH0;AO. K45@602 ?0C7C, >= 42064K =060; =0 :C@>:. 5;5=K9 4K< >:CB0; A?0;L=N. '8 A:;>=8;AO =04 4803@0<<>9 ?;0=0 5@2>9 $07K, 53> ?>B=K9 :C;0: A68<0; <0@:5@. 0 <=>3>G8A;5==KE <>=8B>@0E 2KA25G820;8AL F5;K5 A?8A:8 8<5=. >H5; A>;40B, >45BK9 2 D>@<C, 8 A>>1I8;: 0 ?;0=5B5 ;LB08@ 5@20O $070 70:>=G5=0. '8 :82=C; 8 >125; <0@:5@>< G0ABL 4803@0<<K. B;>682 <0@:5@ 2 AB>@>=C, >= BO65;> 274>E=C;: >?5@0F8O <>3;0 @0ABO=CBLAO =0 2AN =>GL. '8 273;O=C; =0 G0AK. 0, @01>B0BL ?@845BAO 2AN =>GL. = 70:070; A515 :>D5. >H5; A>;40B, :>B>@>3> 1K;> ?>GB8 =5 284=> 2 ?>;C<@0:5, 8 ?@540; ;8AB>: A A>>1I5=85<. !8AB5<0 0@:01. 5@20O D070 7025@H5=0. '8 4>1028; =0 4803@0<<5 5I5 >4=C ?><5B:C. OBL >D8F5@>2 AB>O;8, A2O70==K5 2 A?;>H=>9 701>@ 87 B5;. @>65:B>@ >A25I0; 8E =0?@O65==K5 ;8F0. 5A:>;L:> G5;>25: 2 15;>9 D>@<5, 4>AB02 1;0AB5@K, >B:@K;8 >3>=L, @07@CH0O ?>4:>A82H89AO 701>@. ">=:85 A25G8 O@:> >A25I0;8 A>1>@=K9 0;B0@L. 5@54 0;B0@5< =0 :>;5=OE, A:;>=O 3>;>2C, AB>O; >D8F5@. = <>;8;AO. @>72CG0; 2KAB@5;. 4=0 A25G0 B8E> C?0;0 =0 ?>; 8 8A?CAB8;0 4CE 2 2845 AB@C9:8 4K<0, ?>4=O2H59AO : >1@07C. 09>@ ">=;8=, - B@5I0; @048>?5@540BG8:. ><0=48@ >B?8; :>D5, ?@5645 G5< 2KG5@:=CBL >G5@54=>5 8<O. -B> 1K;0 >G5=L 4;8==0O =>GL. = CAB0; 8 1K; @074@065=. 5?5;L=8F0 ?>?>;=8;0AL >G5@54=K< >:C@:><. !?8A>: >D8F5@>2 !8AB5<K >;O@=>9 72574K B5?5@L 25AL 1K; 70G5@:=CB. ;54=K9 4=52=>9 A25B @570; :@0A=K5 3;070 '8. 018=5B ?>3@C78;AO 2 ?@8OB=CN B8H8=C, 48=0<8: <>;G0;. K60BK9, A;>2=> ;8<>=, '8 ?@>BO=C; CAB02HCN @C:C : :8?5 1C<03. @>G8B02 =0 >4=>< 87 ;8AB:>2 >;O@=0O 25740, 5@20O $070 7025@H5=0, >= >1@8A>20; =0 4803@0<<5 >3@><=K9 :@C3. 07<8=0O H5N, '8 ?>;N1>20;AO ?@>45;0==>9 @01>B>9 8 =060; =0 ?0=5;8 :=>?:C A2O78. 73;O4 A8=C @0AA5O==> 1;C640; ?> :018=5BC. '8, >B:0H;O2H8AL, =060; :=>?:C 72C:>2>3> A83=0;0, GB>1K ?@82;5GL 2=8<0=85 H5D0. 0:>=5F A8=C 25@=C;AO 87 A2>8E <5GB0=89 8 70D8:A8@>20; AB0;L=>9 273;O4 =0 M:@0=5. A5 845B ?> ?;0=C, - CAB0;> A:070; '8, ?5@518@0O 8A?0G:0==K<8 G5@=8;0<8 ?0;LF0<8. !:>;L:> ?;0=5B >AB0;>AL?. '8 =51@56=> <0E=C; @C:>9: A53> =5A:>;L:> >:@08==KE ?0B@C;L=KE 107 8 ?0@0 ?;0=5B 87 A=>2=>3> 0;0:B8G5A:>3> !5:B>@0. A8=C C4>2;5B2>@5==> A:070;: 5 AB>8B 15A?>:>8BLAO, <K ?5@5E>48< :> B>@>9 $075. 5@5409B5 A83=0; > =0G0;5 >?5@0F88 8 70:0=G8209B5 5@2CN $07C 2 >AB02H8EAO A5:B>@0E. = 2K:;NG8; M:@0= 8, C;K10OAL, ?>B5@ ?>41>@>4>:. !:>@>, >G5=L A:>@> 2A5 70:>=G8BAO.  2>74CE5 ?0@8B 4CE ?>154K! A8=C >?OBL ?>3@C78;AO 2 <5GB0=8O.  12  :>A<8G5A:>< ?@>AB@0=AB25 28A5; >3@><=K9 G5@=K9 0AB5@>84, ;02=0O 0B@C;L=0O 070 !>;=5G=>9 !8AB5<K. 8H AB>O; =0 70AB5:;5==>< 10;:>=5. = B>;L:> GB> 70:>=G8; >A<>B@ =5A:>;L:8E <5AB. 3> >E20BK20;> A<CB=>5 GC2AB2> B@52>38. 5>6840==> ?@>AB@0=AB2> 70 425@LN >A25B8;>AL 75;5=K<8 2A?KH:0<8. 8H 1@>A8; A2>8 =01;N40B5;L=K5 ?@81>@K 8 1@>A8;AO 70 A2>8< 1;0AB5@><.  :>@84>@5 AB>O; <>;>4>9 456C@=K9 >D8F5@. = 1K; 2 H>:5, 53> 1;0AB5@ 4K<8;AO. :>;> 425@8 ;560;8 42>5 <C6G8=. 5;5=K9 4K< ?>:@K; 8E =5?>4286=K5 B5;0. 56C@=K9 A@K20NI8<AO 3>;>A>< @0AA:070; 8HC, GB> MB8 42>5 1K;8 A =5402=> ?@8;5B52H53> :>@01;O, :>B>@K9 70?@>A8; ?><>I8 87-70 =5?>;04>: 2 A8AB5<5. 8H >H5;><;5==> A<>B@5; =0 B5;0 8 ?>GB8 =5 A;KH0;, :0: >D8F5@ A:070;, GB> 3>AB8 2>@20;8AL A 1;0AB5@0<8. 0:>=5F 8H 2KH5; 87 A>AB>O=8O >F5?5=5=8O 8 1@>A8;AO : ?0=5;8 A2O78. 068<0O 2A5 :=>?:8 ?>4@O4, >= :@8:=C;: '5@B, 2A5 ;8=88 2A5 5I5 70=OBK!. ;04H89 >D8F5@ 70<5B8;, GB> A2O7L 5ABL B>;L:> A ?0@0;;5;L=K< ?0B@C;L=K< 0AB5@>84><. 8H =060; 5I5 =5A:>;L:> :=>?>:: / ?>?@>1CN A2O70BLAO A 5<;59. 0 M:@0=5 ?>O28;>AL 87>1@065=85 >;0, :>B>@K9 =5 A@07C C7=0; ;CGH53> 4@C30. , ?@825B, 8H!. 8H ?@8;>68; CA8;85, GB>1K >B25B8BL 2 A?>:>9=>< B>=5, E>BO >= =5<=>3> CA?>:>8;AO, A2O702H8AL A >;><. = 1;865 =0:;>=8;AO : 2845>A:0=5@C: 'B>-B> A;CG8;>AL. / =5 <>3C A2O70BLAO A ;02=>9 ;0=5B>9 ?> >1KG=>9 A2O78!. >; ?>60; ?;5G0<8: > 254L B0:>5 A;CG0;>AL 8 @0=LH5. !59G0A 4@C30O A8BC0F8O!. >; ?>?@>1>20; A>548=8BLAO A ;02=>9 ;0=5B>9, => ;8=8O 1K;0 70=OB0. >?@>1C9B5 A>548=8BLAO ?> 4@C3>9 ;8=88! !2O68B5AL A A8=C, 53> ?@028B5;LAB25==0O ;8=8O 4>;6=0 1KBL A2>1>4=0! - ?@8:070; >;. '5@57 A5:C=4C =0 M:@0=5 ?>O28;>AL 4>2>;L=>5 ;8F> A8=C: E, MB> 2K, >;! 04 20A A;KH0BL. '5< <>3C 1KBL ?>;575=?. >; ?@8AB0;L=> ?>A<>B@5; =0 G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 1K; ?@>B825= 5<C. !2O7L <564C =0H8<8 ?;0=5B0<8 ?> :0:8<-B> ?@8G8=0< =5 @01>B05B, 2A5 :0=0;K 70=OBK. / E>GC, GB>1K 2K 2KOA=8;8, 2 G5< 45;>. A8=C, C482;OOAL, ?@8?>4=O; 1@>28: 5C65;8?!. >;, B5@OO B5@?5=85, >B25B8;: / ?@>AB> E>GC 1KBL C25@5=, GB> MB> =5 >G5@54=>5 2B>@65=85 !5@KE ?@8H5;LF52!. / =5 A;KH0; =8G53> ?>4>1=>3>, - CA?>:>8; 53> A8=C, O A;KH0;, GB> 2>7=8:;8 =5:>B>@K5 ?@>1;5<K A :><<C=8:0F8>==K<8 A8AB5<0<8, :>B>@K5 =5402=> 1K;8 22545=K 2 M:A?;C0B0F8N. K =5 <>65< 2K45;8BL 4>AB0B>G=> A@54AB2 =0 A@>G=K9 @5<>=B. 07=0 A>2A5< >?CAB5;0, B0: :0: 2K 70?@5B8;8 A>18@0BL =0;>38, - AJO728; >=. ?><=82H8AL, A8=C >?OBL ?@8=O; 256;82K9 B>= 8 4>1028;: > 5A;8 2K B0: 15A?>:>8B5AL, O ?@54?@8<C @O4 <5@ 8 ?@>25@N 2A5 A5BL ?@>AB@0=AB20. 57:> ?@5@202 A2O7L, A8=C 7025@B5;AO =0 A2>5< :@5A;5 8 =0?@028; ?>B>: 3=520 =0 '8 8 5;L: >; 8 4@C385 :><0=48@K =0G8=0NB GB>-B> ?>4>7@520BL!. '8 CB:=C;AO 3;070<8 2 ?>;, 8 GB>-B> 1>@<>B0; ?>4 =>A. 07>7;5==K9 A8=C ?@8:070;: CAB8BL ?;0= B>@>9 $07K 2 459AB285!.  13 "@8=3 2=8<0B5;L=> 87CG0; M:@0= @040@0. <C 6CB:> =5 =@028;8AL ?>:070=8O. ?, @07<KH;OO > G5<-B>, A845; =0 4820=5. :>;> =53> C4>1=> @0A?>;>68;0AL 548 8=, ?KB0NI0OAO ?@825AB8 A2>9 <0=8:N@ 2 >B=>A8B5;L=K9 ?>@O4>:. 040@ ?>:07K205B 1>;LH>5 A:>?;5=85 <=>3>B>==06=KE :>A<8G5A:8E :>@01;59 2 >:>;>75<=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25, - E@8?;> A>>1I8; "@8=3. =570?=> 53> ?5@545@=C;>, 8 >= ?>GB8 8AB5@8G=> >1JO28;: / =5 ?>;5GC BC40!. ? 8 548 8= ?@8AB0;L=> ?>A<>B@5;8 =0 ?8;>B0, B5?5@L, :>340 >=8 1K;8 B0: 1;87:8 : F5;8, 1K;> =5 2@5<O ?>2>@0G820BL =0704. "@8=3 C1548B5;L=> ?@>4>;60;: 45AL =0:0;5==0O >1AB0=>2:0! >A;CH09B5, C <5=O 5ABL 70?0AK B>?;820, 54K 8 2>74CE0, GB>1K 4>;5B5BL 4> :0:>3>-=81C4L ?0B@C;L=>3> 0AB5@>840. "0< <K 4>70?@028<AO 8 C;5B8< 2 4@C3CN 30;0:B8:C!. K E>@>H85 ;N48 8 =@028B5AL <=5. / 65;0N 20< B>;L:> 4>1@0, 20H8 4@03>F5==>AB8 ?><>3CB =0< >1CAB@>8BLAO =0 =>2>< <5AB5. 'B> 2K 4C<05B5 >1 MB><?. > 548 <8= 65AB:> >B25B8;0: K 4>;6=K 4>1@0BLAO 4> >;0, 4065 5A;8 =0< ?@845BAO :0B0?C;LB8@>20BLAO!. "@8=3C =8G53> =5 >AB020;>AL, :0: ?>4G8=8BLAO. %>@>H>, => O ?@54C?@5640; 20A. A;8 2K E>B8B5 ?>460@8BLAO.... = ?>25@=C;AO : ?C: >7L<8B5 ?0@0HNBK 8 =045=LB5 8E, 0 O ?>AB0@0NAL >?CAB8BLAO ?>=865, E>BO MB> =5157>?0A=>. "@8=3 A5@48B> DK@:=C;: 0B@8>BK!, => 254L >= A45;0; 2A5 2>7<>6=>5, GB>1K >B3>2>@8BL 8E. >; =0E>48;AO 2 >D8A5, BO65;K9 3@>E>B :>@01;59 70?>;=8; 53> CH8. "2>@8;>AL GB>-B> AB@0==>5, >= 1K; 2 MB>< C25@5=. > GB>? O4>< A =8< AB>O; A2O78AB. 0725@=C2H8AL, >; A:070;: K 3>2>@8B5 MB> 2A53> ;8HL 1>52K5 <56?;0=5B=K5 CG5=8O?  2K =5 A?@>A8;8, ?>G5<C :>@01;8 5<;8 =5 ?@8=8<0NB 2 =8E CG0AB8O?. !2O78AB @0AB5@O==> B@OA 3>;>2>9. >43>B>28BL <>9 1>52>9 :>@01;L. / A0< ?>A<>B@N, 2 G5< B0< 45;>!- >B40; ?@8:07 >;. = 5I5 @07 ?>A<>B@5; 2 =51>. 5C65;8 O GB>-B> ?@>?CAB8;, ?@>E;0640OAL C A51O 2 >D8A5?  ?>4C<0; >;, 8, A@K20O A 25H0;:8 :C@B:C, 2KH5;. :;NG8B5 1>52CN B@52>3C!. 3;CH8B5;L=0O A8@5=0 70?>;=8;0 740=85. 5A:>;L:> 3@C?? A>;40B 2 A8=5-15;>9 D>@<5 1@>A8;8AL : A2>8< ?>78F8O<. '5@=0O A:0;0 @0725@7;0AL, 8 87 B5<=>BK ?>O28;8AL 1>52K5 ?@>B82>2>74CH=K5 CAB0=>2:8. D8F5@K >B4020;8 <=>3>G8A;5==K5 ?@8:07K. 0 D>=5 >A;5?8B5;L=> A8=53> =510 =0@8A>20;8AL 425 15;K5 B>G:8. =8 <54;5==> A=860;8AL, >4=0 GCBL 1KAB@55 4@C3>9. 548 8= ?@875<;8;0AL ?5@2>9, =5C:;N65 2K18@0OAL 87 AB@>?. =0 A=O;0 :8A;>@>4=CN <0A:C, 55 ?0@0HNB >B=5A;> 2 AB>@>=C. @83;0482 @0AB@5?02H85AO 2>;>AK, 548 8= CE20B8;0AL 70 @C:C A>;40B0, :>B>@K9 ?>41560; : =59, 70<5B82 ?0@0HNB: 45 ><0=48@ >;?. =, >H5;><;5==K9 2=570?=K< 2>?@>A><, C:070; @C:>9 2 AB>@>=C G5@=>9 A:0;K. 0:>=5F 8 ? ?>GC2AB2>20; ?>4 =>30<8 B25@4CN 75<;N. = ?>41560; : 548 8 2>?@>A8B5;L=> ?>4=O; 1@>2L. >; 2 0=30@5. C6=> A?5H8BL! - A:070;0 >=0. D8F5@K 87C<;5==> A<>B@5;8 =0 ?>O282HCNAO 70?KE02HCNAO ?0@C, :>340 548 8= A?5H=> A?@>A8;0: 45 >;?. = 3>B>28BAO : 27;5BC. 548 8= >E20B8;> >BG0O=85: -B>3> =5;L7O 4>?CAB8BL! >B>< 1C45B A;8H:>< ?>74=>! =5 A@>G=> =C6=> 2845BL >;0!. D8F5@ 1K; >7040G5=, >= =5 7=0;, :0: ?>ABC?8BL, => 548 3>2>@8;0 >G5=L C1548B5;L=>. >@07<KA;82, >= <0E=C; @C:>9, ?@83;0H0O 548 8 ?0 ?@>9B8 70 =8<. >; C4>1=> CAB@>8;AO 2 :@5A;5 ?8;>B0 8 ?@8AB53820; @5<=8. 2830B5;8 C60A0NI5 @525;8, A =5B5@?5=85< >6840O 27;5B0. ;070 8 @C:8 ?@>G=> C:@5?8;8AL =0 :=>?:0E ?0=5;8 C?@02;5=8O, 2 @C:0E >; 45@60; <8:@>D>=. @>HC @07@5H5=8O =0 27;5B, - ?@>3>2>@8; >=. N: 0=30@0 <54;5==> AB0; @0742830BLAO. =570?=> >; C2845; G5;>25:0, :>B>@>3> C7=0; 1K 2 ;N1>9 A8BC0F88: 548 8=!. >A<8G5A:89 1><10@48@>2I8: =87:> 7028A =04 0280107>9. K;> >BG5B;82> 284=>, :0: >B:@K;AO ;N:, 8 ?>O28;AO G5@=K9 1>: 1><1K, <0;5=L:>3> 0=35;0 A<5@B8. 0:>=5F 1><10 A>@20;0AL 8 ?>;5B5;0 2=87. >; 1@>A8; 273;O4 G5@57 ;>1>2>5 AB5:;>, ;N: 0=30@0 ?@>4>;60; @0742830BLAO. >@01;L 1K; 3>B>2 AB0@B>20BL 2 ;N1>9 <><5=B. 548 8=, 704KE0OAL, ?>41560;0 : :>@01;N 8 701@0;0AL 2 :018=C: # <5=O 5ABL 206=K5 A2545=8O 4;O 20A! >A;CH09B5.... >; =5B5@?5;82> ?@5@20; 55: K 2A5 @0AA:065B5 <=5 ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: <K 27;5B8<. = ?;02=> ?>BO=C; HBC@20;, 8 :>@01;L 3@0F8>7=> 27<K; 225@E.  MBC 65 A5:C=4C 1><10 A> A28AB>< >1@CH8;0AL =0 0280107C, A<5B0O 2A5 =0 A2>5< ?CB8 8 >AB02;OO 70 A>1>9 0B><=K5 :;C1K 4K<0. 3@><=0O A:0;0 A;>2=> >A5;0 8 8AG57;0 2 <>@A:8E 2>;=0E. >; C<5;> @53C;8@>20; ?>;5B :>@01;O. 548 8= 8 ? >BG0O==> ?KB0;8AL C45@60BLAO =0 >4=>< <5AB5. 7;5B52 =0 7040==CN 2KA>BC, >; ?>A<>B@5; 2=87. >A;54AB28O 27@K20 1K;8 ?@>AB> C60A0NI8<8. "0: 2>B GB> 704C<0; A8=C! !8;L=K9 B>;G>: 70AB028; 53> 25@=CBLAO >B @>O <KA;59 : C?@02;5=8N :>@01;5<. =8 2A5 5I5 =0E>48;8AL 2 >?0A=>9 7>=5.  14 "5<=0O =>GL =0:@K;0 A5:@5B=CN 2>5==CN 107C =0 ;02=>9 ;0=5B5.  >A25I5==>< :018=5B5 =0E>48;8AL =5:>B>@K5 :><0=48@K 8 >E@0=0. '8 A845; 70 AB>;>< 8 B5@518; 02B>@CG:C. = AB0@0;AO 87>1@078BL B@C4>3>;8:0, ?>B><C GB> BCB 65 =0E>48;AO A0< A8=C, :>B>@K9 70=8<0;AO 87CG5=85< 4803@0<< 8 2?>;CE0 A;CH0; >BG5B '8. '8 <>=>B>==> BO=C;: !8AB5<0 530. !8AB5<0 ;LB08@. 0;55 ?>A;54>20;0 =51>;LH0O ?0C70: >;=>ABLN C=8GB>65=0 2>5==0O 1070 5<;8, - ?@>87=5A >= 4>2>;L=K< 3>;>A><, 8 ?>A<>B@5; =0 A8=C. C1K @028B5;O 8A:@828;8AL 2 C;K1:5. B>@0O $070 70:>=G5=0. 0:85 1C4CB 40;L=59H85 C:070=8O?  70:>=G8; '8. A8=C A =0A;0645=85< ?>BO=C;AO: =0:>=5F =0AB0; B>B <><5=B, :>340 = 1K; 548=AB25==K< >25;8B5;5< 2A59 0;0:B8:8. ?8@0OAL =0 A2>N B@>ABL, >= ?@>H5; =0 A5@548=C :><=0BK. 3> 25;8G5AB25==0O ?>70 ?@8BO3820;0 273;O4K ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E, 8 >= =0A;0640;AO A>1>9. 1JO2;ON 2>5==>5 ?>;>65=85 =0 2A5E ?;0=5B0E 0;0:B8:8. = ?>4=O; @C:C: >A?>40, <K =0G8=05< "@5BLN $07C 8 15@5< C?@02;5=85 2A5E ?;0=5B 2 A2>8 @C:8. 0 :;NG52KE ?>AB0E 1C4CB =0E>48BLAO =0H8 ;N48. > MB>3> =54>AB0B>G=>! K 7=05B5, GB> >AB0;8AL =51>;LH85 1;>:8 =0A5;5=8O, =0AB@>5==K5 ?@>B82 =0H53> @568<0. $070 "@8 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> =0< A;54C5B ?5@5A5;8BL 2A5E =54>2>;L=KE =0 ?;0=5BC 5<;O. >A;5 MB>3> <K C=8GB>68< 5<=>9 H0@. @C??0 A;CH0B5;59 >4>1@8B5;L=> >1AC640;0 CA;KH0==>5. 48= 87 :><0=48@>2 ?@>87=5A: / ?@>HC, GB>1K 2A5 <>8 A>;40BK ?>;CG8;8 0<=8AB8N, =57028A8<> >B 8E ?@>H;>3>. '8 GC2AB2>20; =5>1KG=CN A>;840@=>ABL A A8=C :0: =8:>340. = ?>A?5H=> =0G0; 3>2>@8BL: AO =0H0 70:>=>40B5;L=0O A8AB5<0 C65 =0E>48BAO 2 AB0488 @07@01>B:8. K A>7405< $545@0B82=>5 N@> 0AA;54>20=89, :>B>@>5 1C45B 459AB2>20BL ?> =>2K< 70:>=0<. 064K9 20H A>;40B, =5A<>B@O =0 A>25@H5==K5 ?@5ABC?;5=8O, >1@5B05B 2A5 ?>;8B8G5A:85 8 A>F80;L=K5 ?@020 8 ?>;CG05B AB0BCA G-035=B>2. ><0=48@ ?> 2>;GL8 CA<5E=C;AO, 53> C4>2;5B2>@O;8 B0:85 CA;>28O. A8=C, 4>2>;L=K9 B0:8< 2KABC?;5=85< '8, ?@>4>;68;: ;O >B1>@0 ?>B5=F80;L=> 2@54=KE M;5<5=B>2 =0H53> =>2>3> >1I5AB20 <K ?@83;0A8;8 0AA>2 ?A8E80B@88. 5A:>;L:> 1>@>40BKE <C6G8= A>A@54>B>G8;8 2A5 2=8<0=85 =0 A8=C. <5==> >=8, ?@>D5AA8>=0;K A2>53> 45;0, ?><>3CB >G8AB8BL 0;0:B8:C >B A<CBLO=>2. A8=C ?@5@20;AO 8 A ?0D>A>< >1@0B8;AO : 1>@>40BK< ?A8E80B@0<: / =045NAL, GB> 2K A 1;5A:>< A?@028B5AL A 7040=85<. !5@L57=K5 2@0G8 A8=E@>==> 70:820;8 3>;>20<8, >=8 1K;8 4>2>;L=K B0:8< 2=8<0=85< : 8E ?@>D5AA88. A8=C ?@>4>;68;: 0< =8:B> 8 =8:>340 =5 4>;65= <5H0BL! A5E, :>3> >B15@CB =0H8 ?A8E80B@K, <K 1C45< >B?@02;OBL =0 5<;N. 5@5254O 4KE0=85, >= 70:>=G8; 2KABC?;5=85: >A?>40, O >D8F80;L=> >1JO2;ON =0G0;> "@5BL59 $07K!. "CB 65 2 :><=0B5 ?>O28;8AL 1CBK;:8, :B>-B> 2:;NG8; CA?>:0820NICN <C7K:C. A5 =0?>;=8;8 1>:0;K. A8=C ?>4=O;AO:  B5?5@L B>AB!. !5<LO :0: >1KG=> CA5;0AL 70 AB>;><, GB>1K ?>C68=0BL. "@8 3@><:8E 2KAB@5;0 70AB028;8 8E ?@5@20BLAO.  :><=0BC 2>@20;8AL 42>5 <C6G8= 2 C=8D>@<5. 5@60 1;0AB5@K =03>B>25, >=8 ?@8:070;8 2A5< ?>4=OBLAO 87-70 AB>;0 8 2K9B8 87 :><=0BK. 0;5=L:0O 452>G:0 A ?;0G5< CE20B8;0AL 70 N1:C <0B5@8. #40@ ?> 3>;>25 70AB028; 55 70<>;G0BL. 5AG0AB=0O <0BL ?>4=O;0 @515=:0 8 2KH;0 87 :><=0BK. #;8FK, >1@0<;5==K5 B@5EMB06=K<8 4><0<8, 1K;8 70?>;=5=K ;N4L<8. >;8F59A:85 3@C1> B>;:0;8 2A5E ?>4@O4 2=87 ?> C;8F5.  AB>@>=5 >B ;N4A:>3> ?>B>:0 AB>O; ?A8E80B@ A <530D>=>< 2 @C:5. !5@>-75;5=K5 A>;40BK 25;8 B>;?C G5@=>:>68E, :>B>@K5 2>7<CI0;8AL. !>;40B0< ?@8H;>AL ?@8<5=8BL 1;0AB5@K, GB>1K CB8E><8@8BL 1C=B0@59. I5 >4=0 B>;?0 H;0 ?> A>A54=59 025=N. 0740;AO A<5E <>;>4>3> >D8F5@0. @8G8=>9 53> 1C9=>3> 25A5;LO 1K;0 ?>68;0O 65=I8=0, :>B>@0O =5 <>3;0 1>;LH5 84B8 8 B>;?0 B0I8;0 55 ?> 4>@>35. =0 70:@K;0 3;070, 55 :>;5=:8 1K;8 87>4@0=K 2 :@>2L. A8E80B@ 2 15;>A=56=>< E0;0B5 A845; ?5@54 ?0=5;LN A2O78 2 5630;0:B8G5A:>< 048>25I0B5;L=>< &5=B@5. 57 :0:8E ;81> M<>F89 >= 3>2>@8; 2 <8:@>D>=: !8AB5<0 @>F8>=. -B8 ;N48 >B>1@0=K 4;O 45?>@B0F88 =0 5<;N. 7O2 ;8AB>:, >= ?@>4>;68;: 5?>@B0F88 ?>4;560B @568AA5@K, @540:B>@K 3075B, ?8A0B5;8, 6C@=0;8ABK, 2A5 G5@=>:>685, G;5=K ?@>DA>N7>2.... 07>@20==K9 =><5@  Daily Post :@82> 28A5; =0 AB5=5. A5 @01>B=8:8 @540:F88 1K;8 2K2545=K : AB>OI8< 2 @O4 DC@3>=0<. =>3>BKAOG=0O B>;?0 <54;5==> 42830;0AL ?> ?K;L=>9 4>@>35. 0;5=L:0O 452>G:0 >AB0=>28;0AL, >=0 ?>B5@O;0 ;N18<CN :C:;C. !;57K 1@K7=C;8 87 >3@><=KE 3;07, GLO-B> 701>B;820O @C:0 ?>4>1@0;0 ?>B5@O==CN 83@CH:C 8 >B40;0 55 @515=:C. 286CI0OAO B>;?0 C2;5:0;0 452>G:C 70 A>1>9. 48= 87 :><0=48@>2 A>548=8;AO A ?A8E80B@>< 87 56?;0=5B=>3> &5=B@0. = A:CG=> ?@8=O;AO A;CH0BL 3=CA02K9 3>;>A 4>:B>@0. !8AB5<0 530: @5;838>7=K5 ;845@K, A?>@BA<5=K, <C7K:0=BK, CG8B5;O, B>@3>2FK. A5 A>;40BK 52OB>9 >:0;L=>9 @<88. A5 0:B5@K. A5 157@01>B=K5. A5 CG0AB=8:8....  B>;?5 AC5B8;8AL <C6G8=K 2 15;KE <548F8=A:8E :C@B:0E. E >@C685< 1K;8 H?@8FK 4;O ?>4:>6=KE 8=J5:F89. (?@8FK A>45@60;8 15AF25B=>5, 307>>1@07=>5 25I5AB2>, :>B>@>5 ?@8 ?>?040=88 2 :@>2L 2K7K20;> ?>;=>5 15A?0<OBAB2> =0 4;8B5;L=K9 ?5@8>4. !0=8B0@K 45;0;8 C:>;K =5?@5@K2=> ?>4E>482H8< ;N4O<, <0;> 701>BOAL, :C40 2>B:=CBL 83;C. 5=I8=0 0:B82=> A>?@>B82;O;0AL, 83;0 2?8;0AL 2 55 A?8=C 8 >=0 >1<O:;0. !0=8B0@K >BB0A:820;8 =5?>4286=K5 B5;0 2 AB>@>=C 8 15A?>@O4>G=> A:;04K20;8 8E. >4E>48;8 =>2K5 ;N48 8 A0=8B0@K ?@>4>;60;8 A>25@H5=AB2>20BL A2>5 <0AB5@AB2>. B>-B> A:070;: @C7>28:8 ?@81C4CB G5@57 B@8 G0A0. 48= 87 A0=8B0@>2 273;O=C; =0 =5?@5:@0I0NI89AO ?>B>: ;N459. >340 65 :>=G8BLAO MB> 157C<85? - ?@>=5A;>AL C =53> 2 3>;>25. ">;?0 A>;40B 2 A8=5-15;>9 D>@<5 >AC40@AB25==>9 @<88 >BG0O==> A>?@>B82;O;0AL ?>;8F59A:8<.  =8< =0 ?><>IL ?>A?5H8;8 =5A:>;L:> A0=8B0@>2. '5@57 <8=CBC 2AO @<8O ;560;0 =0 75<;5. 0AA5@65==K5 ?>;8F59A:85 3@C78;8, A;>2=> 4@>20, B5;0 =0 <0H8=K. ?OBL =0ABC?8;0 =>GL. ><0=48@ A<>B@5; 2 >:=> 10H=8, AB@OE820O ?5?5; A830@5BK =0 ?>;. 0AAB53=C2 2>@>B=8:, >= >1@0B8;AO : ?A8E80B@C: !:>;L:> ;N459 CA?5;8 A>1@0BL?. >:B>@ ?>60; ?;5G0<8: 5 7=0N, A2545=8O A !8AB5<K Betelgeuse 5I5 =5 ?>ABC?0;8. ><0=48@ >?OBL >1@0B8;AO : >:=C 8 70BO=C;AO. > 2A5E :>A<>?>@B0E 0;0:B8:8 =01;N40;0AL >4=0 8 B0 65 :0@B8=0: 4;8==K5 F5?8 3@C7>2KE <0H8= <54;5==> 42830;8AL : :>A<8G5A:8< :>@01;O<, ?>;8F59A:85 3@C78;8 =5?>4286=K5 B5;0 2 3@C7>2K5 >BA5:8. 0;5=L:0O 452>G:0 2A5 5I5 ?@868<0;0 : 3@C48 A2>N :C:;C. 5 3@C1> C;>68;8 =0 3@C4C B5;. >;8F59A:8< AB0;> A<5H=>, >48= 87 =8E C40@8; E@C?:CN D83C@C 452>G:8 =>A:>< A0?>30.  3>@>45 1K;8 2K;>2;5=K ?>A;54=85 =565;0B5;L=K5 M;5<5=BK 8 >B?@02;5=K 2 :>A<>?>@B. >@01;8 1K;8 703@C65=K 4> <0:A8<C<0 8 1K;8 3>B>2K : AB0@BC. '8 A845; @O4>< A 1>AA><. 84O, :0: A8=C C<8@>B2>@5==> ?>BO38205B GB>-B> 87 1>:0;0, >= 70<C@;K:0; 25A5;CN ?5A5=:C. <C =@028;>AL 2A?><8=0BL, :0: >= 1;5ABOI5 A?@028;AO A ?>@CG5==K< 5<C 45;><. '8 C65 ?@54AB02;O; A51O 1>30BK<, >G5=L 1>30BK< G5;>25:><. I5 =5A:>;L:> 4=59 =0704 >= A><=520;AO 2 CA?5E5, => A59G0A... '8 ?@81028; 3>;>A. $070 "@8 ?>4E>48;0 : 7025@H5=8N. 0 :064>< :>A<8G5A:>< :>@01;5 ?0=5;L 2KA25G820;0 ?>@B =07=0G5=8O: 5<;O. > CH59 ?8;>B0 4>=>A8;8AL >1@K2:8 D@07 3;C?>3> @073>2>@0. / A=O; MBC H;NEC, :>340 2 ?>A;54=89 @07 1K; =0 5<;5. =0 1K;0 =0AB>OI89 ?5@A8:. >340 O @0745; 55.... 8=0<8: 4>=5A @5GL 456C@=>3>: 934 . 07@5H0N 27;5B. !;54C9B5 ?> 7040==><C :C@AC : 5<;5. 0 4@C3>< :>=F5 0;0:B8:8 C65 4@C3>9 456C@=K9 :@8G0; 2 <8:@>D>=: 0@0=, 5A;8 BK =5 7=05HL, :0: 4>;5B5BL 4> 5<;8, A;54C9 70 7658 !. 0 !8AB5<5 ;LB08@ :>@01;8 27;5B0;8 A =5:>B>@K<8 7045@6:0<8. ><0=48@ ?>;8F59A:>3> >B@O40 8 ?A8E80B@ AB>O;8 =0 3;02=>9 10H=5 :>A<>?>@B0, =01;N40O 70 ?>3@C7:>9 8 27;5B>< :>@01;59. >:B>@ 5I5 @07 A25@8; A?8A:8 >B>1@0==KE ;N459 4;O 45?>@B0F88. ><0=48@ A CA<5H:>9 A?@>A8;: "0< =5 <>65B 1KBL :0:>9-=81C4L A;CG09=>AB8 8;8 >H81:8?. A8E80B@ >B25B8;: >9 4>@>3>9, <548F8=0 =8:>340 =5 >H8105BAO. !B0@H89 A5@60=B >BG0O==> ?KB0;AO ?@>A=CBLAO, 456C@=K9 A>;40B :0: <>3, ?@82;5:0; 53> 2=8<0=85: ;LD0 &5=B02@0 =0 A2O78! ;LD0 &5=B02@0.... !5@60=B >G=C;AO 8 @074@065==> >B25B8;: 0, O A;KHC!. 048>?5@540BG8: 70H8?5;: >3@C7:0 70:>=G5=0, 2A5 :>@01;8 =0?@02;5=K =0 5<;N. !5@60=B >B:;NG8; A2O7L, ?>A;54=85 =>G8 1K;8 :0:8<-B> :>H<0@><. = 70:070; G0H:C :@5?:>3> :>D5. A8=C C65 CA?5; ?@8=OBL 4CH 8 ?5@5>45BLAO. 0: B>;L:> >= 2>H5; 2 :018=5B, 5<C A>>1I8;8, GB> =0 A2O78 8=8AB@ >;8F88. A5 75 ?;0=5B >G8I5=K. >@01;8 AB@>3> A;54CNB C:070==><C :C@AC. A5 845B ?> ?;0=C, - 4>2>;L=> A>>1I8; '8. ;070 A8=C AC78;8AL: @5:@0A=>, A;54C9B5 40;L=59H8< C:070=8O<. = 2K:;NG8; 2845>B5;5D>= 8 ?>25@=C;AO : >:=C. ;0= @01>B05B :0: G0AK. A8=C B8E> @0AA<5O;AO. 5B5@ ?5G0;L=> 3C;O; ?> G5@=K< @C8=0< @0A?>;0302H59AO :>340-B> 745AL 2>5==>9 107K. 1>65==K9 ?CAB>9 D;03HB>: <>;G0;82> CAB@5<8;AO 2 ?CAB>5 =51>. > ?CABK< >=> >AB020;>AL A>2A5< =54>;3>. 52 42830B5;59, :>A<8G5A:85 :>@01;8 2A52>7<>6=KE D>@< 8 @0AF25B>: 70?>;>=8;8 =515A=>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>. ">;L:> >48=>:89 CB5A, >AB02H89AO >B <>3CG59 G5@=>9 A:0;K, ?@825BAB2>20; 3>AB59. 5 =0E>4O ?@82KG=KE 27;5B=>-?>A04>G=KE ?>;>A, :>@01;8 ?@875<;O;8AL 345 ?@845BAO. ><0=48@, =0 :>B>@>3> 2>7;53;8 >1O70==>AB8 ?> ?>A04:5 :>@01;59, 1K; 87<CG5= 4> ?@545;0. 3> <>738, :070;>AL, @0A?;02OBAO. = =5 <>3 =09B8 <5AB0 ?>A04:8 4;O ?@81K20NI8E :>@01;59. ><0=48@, =04@K20OAL, :@8G0; 2 <8:@>D>=: ><5@ 1 ?@>428=LB5AL : MA:04@5 879! !525@=K9 A5:B>@ 12... @>428=LB5AL : MA:04@5 265! ><5@ 16, ?@8ABC?8BL : @073@C7:5!. 48= 87 3@C7>28:>2 ?>4J5E0; : :>@01;N. N: 3@C7>2>3> >BA5:0 >B:@K;AO, >BBC40 2KH;8 42>5 ?>;8F59A:8E 2 <OB>9 8 3@O7=>9 D>@<5.  =8< ?>4>H;8 B@>5 A>;40B A :0:8<8-B> 1C<030<8 2 @C:0E, @073@C7:0 =0G0;0AL. >;8F59A:85 AB0;8 2KB0A:820BL 157687=5==K5 B5;0 8 A:;04K20BL 8E =0 ?>4J5760NI85 3@C7>28:8. 0 A>A54=5< :>@01;5 C65 =0G0;0AL 0:B82=0O @073@C7:0. 48= 87 G5@=>:>68E ?@8H5; 2 A>7=0=85. = ?@8?>4=O; 3>;>2C 8 >3;O45;AO. >;8F59A:89, 70<5B82 53>, =0=5A <>I=K9 C40@ 2 G5;NABL =53@0. ">B >?OBL ?@>20;8;AO 2 15A?0<OBAB2>. 064K9 :;>G>: 75<;8 1K; 70=OB :0:8<-=81C4L :>@01;5<. >@01;L, ?@875<;82H89AO >:>;> 3>@K (0AB0, B>65 >1;53G0;AO, 2K?;52K20O B5;0 ;N459 87 1574>==KE 3@C7>2KE >BA5:>2. 0;5=L:0O 452>G:0 2A5 5I5 45@60;0 2 @C:0E A2>N :C:;C, >=> =0G8=0;0 ?@>1C640BLAO >B =0@:>B8G5A:>3> A=0. <5AB5 A >AB0;L=K<8 >=0 1K;0 >B?@02;5=0 ?> 4>@>35, 254CI59 : >A=>20=8N 2C;:0=0. -B=0 8 $C468 3@>7=> 2>72KH0;8AL =04 3>@87>=B><. <5==> : 2C;:0=0< =0?@02;O;8AL <=>3>G8A;5==K5 3@C7>28:8. G=C2H89AO ?>68;>9 G5;>25: =5?@5AB0==> 704020; 2>?@>AK ?>;8F59A:8<. 3> ?@5@20; 3@C1K9 C40@. AB0B:8 52OB>9 @<88 C65 2K3@C78;8 =5?>40;5:C >B 3>@K 0H8=3B>=. C:8 ?;5==KE A>;40B A2O70;8 70 A?8=>9, => 8E 3>;>2K 1K;8 3>@4> ?>4=OBK. =8 <54;5==> H030;8 ?> 4>@>35. 0@010=I8:, AB0@K9 4@C3 >;0, >3;O=C;AO =0704. >?=C2H89 10@010= 2A5 5I5 1>;B0;AO =0 53> ?;5G5. !>;40BK, H030NI85 2?5@548, ?@>?CA:0;8 <0;LG8:0. @0G=0O A:0;8AB0O 3>@0 2>72KH0;0AL ?>A@548 A8=53> >:50=0. @O<> =04 :@0B5@>< 25@B>;5B ?KB0;AO C45@60BLAO =0 <5AB5, => H:20;8ABK9 25B5@ C=>A8; 53> ?@>GL. =65=5@ 70:>=G8; A>548=OBL 4;8==K9 ?@>2>4 A 70304>G=K< ?@54<5B>< F8;8=4@8G5A:>9 D>@<K. > 7=0:8, =0<0;520==K5 :@0A=>9 :@0A:>9, A2845B5;LAB2>20;8 > B><, GB> MB> 0B><=0O 1><10. 5@5:@8:820O 702K20=8O 25B@0, 8=65=5@ 2K720; ?><>I=8:0. <5AB5 >=8 >12O70;8 B@>A 2>:@C3 F8;8=4@0 8 AB0;8 <54;5==> >?CA:0BL 1><1C 2 65@;> 2C;:0=0. B>@>9 8=65=5@, =0:;>=82H8AL, =0A:>;L:> MB> 1K;> 2>7<>6=>, @C:>2>48; A?CA:><. "@5B89 B5E=8: @07<0BK20; :0BCH:C. -B>B H=C@ 4>;65= 1K; A>548=8BL 1><1C A 45B>=0B>@><. 56C@=K9 :><0=48@ A =5B5@?5=85< A<>B@5; 2 >:=>. = A?@028;AO A ?>AB02;5==>9 7040G59: ?>A048; 2A5 :>@01;8 8 >@30=87>20; 8E @073@C7:C. !C:8=K 45B8! >340 ?>ABC?8B ?@8:07 C1@0BLAO 87 MB>3> 04A:>3> <5AB0?! ><0=48@ @KG0; 2 <8:@>D>=: 5@2K9 >AB! >;>68B5, :>340 CAB0=>2>G=K5 @01>BK =0 2C;:0=5 1C4CB 7025@H5=K!. #1@02 <8:@>D>=, >= ?>25@=C;AO : ?><>I=8:C: #1;N4:8! K 645< B>;L:> 8E A>>1I5=8O!. > ?><>I=8: 1K; >15A?>:>5= B>;L:> A2>8< ?>;>65=85<: 0< ?>=04>18BAO =5A:>;L:> G0A>2, GB>1K C1@0BLAO >BAN40. ><0=48@ CA<5E=C;AO: 5 AB>8B <>G8BAO 2 HB0=K! K C65 ?>:8=5< 5<;N, :>340 A@01>B05B 45B>=0B>@. > MB> =5 CA?>:>8;> A>;40B0, 53> @C:8 =5@2=> <O;8 :0:CN-B> 1C<03C. !<O3G82H8AL, :><0=48@ ?>;>68; @C:C 5<C =0 ?;5G>. @5409B5 ?@8:07 2A5< :>@01;O< 4>70?@028BLAO, 8 1KBL 3>B>2K<8 : 27;5BC 2 ;N1CN <8=CBC. -B> ?>459AB2>20;> =0 ?><>I=8:0, >= =5<=>3> CA?>:>8;AO: >65B 2A5 =>@<0;87C5BAO. >4B0;:8205<K9 25B@><, 8=65=5@ ?>B5@ G5@=>9 ?5@G0B:>9 A5@>5 ;8F>. @C3>9 @C:>9 >= 27O; <8:@>D>= 8 =0G0; A2O7L A 5@2K< #?@02;5=85<. <C ?@8H;>AL =5<=>3> >B>428=CBLAO >B @048>?5@540BG8:0, ?>B><C GB> :><0=48@ @0AA5@65==> :@8G0; 2> 25AL 3>;>A: !:>;L:> <>6=> B0< 2>78BLAO, C1;N4:8?!. =65=5@ 2K45@60; ?0C7C 8 A>25@H5==> A?>:>9=K< 3>;>A>< >B25B8;: 01>BK =0 2C;:0=5 ?>;=>ABLN 7025@H5=K. 25 0B><=K5 1><1K =0E>4OBAO 2 :@0B5@5. %>@>H>, C 20A A>2A5< =5<=>3> 2@5<5=8, GB>1K C1@0BLAO >BBC40!. 5 157 C4>2>;LAB28O 8=65=5@ 2K:;NG8; @048> 8 =0?@028;AO : A2>8< ?><>I=8:0<. 3;O=C2H8AL =0 2C;:0=, >=8 ?>B>@>?8;8AL : A2>8< :>@01;O<. '5@57 =51>;LH>9 ?@><56CB>: 2@5<5=8 2A5 :>A<8G5A:85 :>@01;8 1K;8 =0 157>?0A=>< @0AAB>O=88 >B 5<;8. 5;L, 1K2H89 (5D !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88, @C:>2>48; >4=8< 87 :>@01;59. 5<;O 2A5340 ?@82;5:0;0 53>, => ?@8:07 5ABL ?@8:07. = 4> 1>;8 70:CA8; 3C1C. 0 <5AB5 2B>@>3> ?8;>B0 A845; :><0=48@ >4=>3> 87 >B@O4>2 8 @073>20@820; ?> 2845>A2O78 A '8: 8:0:8E ?@>1;5<, 2A5 =0H8 ;N48 =0E>4OBAO 2 157>?0A=>AB8. 0 M:@0=5 2<5AB> '8 ?>O28;>AL ;8F> A8=C: K 3>B>2K? - :>@>B:> A?@>A8; >=. 0, - 157 M=BC7807<0 >B25B8; 5;L. ;070 @028B5;O 701;5AB5;8. 0?@02LB5 20H8 :0<5@K =0 5<;N, O E>GC 2A5 2845BL!. ><0=48@ ?@8:070; B5E=8:C CAB0=>28BL =5A:>;L:> 2845>:0<5@ 2 @07=KE <5AB0E. 0: B>;L:> 2A5 1C45B 3>B>2>, <>65B5 =0G8=0BL, - A:070; A8=C 8 2K:;NG8; A2O7L. B:8=C2H8AL =0 A?8=:C :@5A;0, :><0=48@ ?@>87=5A: '53> B>;L:> =5 45;0NB ;N48 @048 2;0AB8!. 5;L 1@>A8; :>;NG89 273;O4 2 53> AB>@>=C: K  =5 8A:;NG5=85. ><0=48@ ?>4>7@8B5;L=> C;K1=C;AO, ?>:07K20O =5@>2=K9 @O4 65;BKE 7C1>2:  G5< 2K 3>2>@8B5?. "5< 2@5<5=5< =0 5<;5 >:070;>AL A>B=8 BKAOG ;N459, 3>;>4=KE 8 >1>@20==KE, =5 8<5NI8E =8:0:8E H0=A>2 =0 A?0A5=85. 0718BK5 D878G5A:8 8 <>@0;L=>, A>;40BK >AC40@AB25==>9 52OB>9 @<88 =5 45;0;8 =8:0:8E CA8;89, GB>1K ?@54?@8=OBL GB>-;81>. ">;L:> >48= 87 =8E ?KB0;AO >A2>1>48BLAO >B A2O7K20NI8E 53> 25@52>:. 0;5=L:0O 452>G:0 A845;0 =0 :>;5=:0E 8 C:0G820;0 :C:;C. !A048=K 8 CH81K =5AB5@?8<> 1>;5;8, A;570 <54;5==> ?>;7;0 ?> 3@O7=><C ;8G8:C. =0 ?>A<>B@5;0 225@E 2 =51>. => 1K;> A>25@H5==> ?CABK<. 52>G:0 :@5?G5 ?@860;0 :C:;C : 3@C48 8 3@><:> 70?;0:0;0, =5 ?>=8<0O, 345 >=0 =0E>48BAO 8 ?>G5<C. ><0=48@ 45@60; 2 @C:0E =51>;LH>9 ?;>A:89 OI8:, =0 :>B>@>< <O3:> A25B8;8AL A83=0;L=K5 >3>=L:8. 54;5==> >= ?@>BO=C; ?@02CN @C:C : :=>?:5, =0E>482H59AO 2 F5=B@5, 8 ?;02=> =060; 55. >0, 57C289, $C468O<0, -B=0 8 >AB0;L=K5 75<=K5 2C;:0=K 274C;8AL 8 87 8E :@0B5@>2 2K@>A;8 >3@><=K5 25@B8:0;L=K5 AB>;1K ?;0<5=8, ;02K 8 :;C1>2 4K<0. '5@57 =5A:>;L:> A5:C=4 =04 5<;59 2K@>A 3830=BA:89 0B><=K9 3@81, ?@>=8:0O 2 :064K9 C3>;>: 75;5=>9 ?;0=5BK. 5B5@ 1KAB@> @073>=O; A<5@B>=>A=K5 >1;0:0 ?> A2>1>4=><C =51C. >@>40 A> A2>8<8 =51>A:@510<8 A;>2=> A>3=C;8AL ?>4 BO65ABLN A8;K 0B><0. #60A >1CO; ;N459, B>;?K =5AG0AB=KE 1@>A8;8AL 2 @0AAK?=CN, ?KB0OAL C1560BL >B A<5@B8.  4LO2>;LA:>9 AC5B5, >=8 4028;8 4@C3 4@C30. 0A:0;5==K5 ?>B>:8 ;02K ?>B5:;8 87 @072>@>G5==KE :@0B5@>2 2C;:0=>2, C=8GB>60O =0 A2>5< ?CB8 2A5 682>5. 0 <>@5 @073C;O;8AL 3830=BA:85 2>;=K, ?>3;>I0O ?@81@56=K5 3>@>40. ">, GB> >AB02;O;8 ?5@2K5 @O4K 2>;=, AJ540;0 A;54CNI0O 2>4O=0O AB5=0. "0<, 345 H5;5AB5; ;5A, B5?5@L ?@>AB8@0;0AL G5@=0O ?CABK=O, 8 B>;L:> 25B5@ >18B0; 2 MB8E <5AB0E. 5<;O, ?@5:@0A=0O 75;5=0O ?;0=5B0, 1K;0 C18B0. ><0=48@ 2A5 5I5 45@60; 2 @C:0E OI8:. 3> :>A<8G5A:89 :>@01;L <O3:> :0G0;AO, ME> 27@K2>2 A;01> >B7K20;>AL 2 CH0E. = A<>B@5; 2=87, =0 5<;N, :>B>@CN >?>OA0;> :@0A=>20B>5 28E@52>5 :>;LF>. "> 65 A0<>5 =01;N40; 8 A8=C =0 <=>3>G8A;5==KE M:@0=0E.  :018=5B5 ?@83;CH5==> 83@0;0 A?>:>9=0O <C7K:0, ?0;LFK >1=8<0;8 1>:0; A G5<-B> ?@>E;048B5;L=K<. A5 :>=G8;>AL. 1>65==0O D83C@:0 :C:;K ?;020;0 2 A?>:>9=>9 2>45. ">;L:> >48=>:89 HC< 1@870 =0@CH0; <5@B2CN B8H8=C.  15 @:5AB@ 3@><:> 83@0; 25A5;CN <C7K:C. %>;; 1K; ?@074=8G=> C:@0H5=. 5745 1K;8 A<5NI85AO ;N48.  AB>@>=5 =5A:>;L:> ?>;C>1=065==KE 4528F >1I0;8AL A :0:8<8-B> 2KA>:>?>AB02;5==K<8 =0G0;L=8:0<8.  C:@><=>< C3>;:5 '8 15A54>20; A 10=:8@>< 'C. 0: 2K 4C<05B5, O ?>;CGC A2>8 45=L38 =0704?  A?@>A8; 10=:8@, =5@2=> :@CBO 0;<07=K9 ?5@AB5=L =0 ?0;LF5-A>A8A:5. =B5@5A=K9 2>?@>A, - >B25B8; '8. / =0G0; D>@<8@>20BL =>2K9 >B45; $545@0;L=>3> N@> 0AA;54>20=89. -B> 1C45B B45; 047>@0 70 ?>ABC?;5=85< D8=0=A>2 >B =0A5;5=8O 2 07=C. 5 2>;=C9B5AL, MB8 @51OB0 2KB@OACB ?>A;54=NN :>?59:C 4;O 20A, - ?>2540; >=, ?>:070B5;L=> A:@CG820O @C:8. 'C ?>=@028;>AL A:070==>5, => A><=5=85 2=>2L 1;5A=C;> 2 53> 3;07:0E: =5 4>;6=K >3@><=CN AC<<C 45=53!. '8 C65 =04>5;0 MB0 1>;B>2=O. 0: <>65B 10=:8@ 1KBL B0:8< 3;C?K<?! >A?>48= 'C, =0@>4 - 1574>==0O 1>G:0 45=53, :>B>@K5 <>6=> A>18@0BL 2 2845 =0;>3>2. 574>==0O!. '8 A2KA>:0 ?>A<>B@5; =0 10=:8@0: >=5G=>, 157CA;>2=K9 2>72@0B 45=53 <>6=> >15A?5G8BL B>;L:> A ?><>ILN ?>;8F88 8 2@0G59, :>B>@K5 7=0NB, GB> 45;0BL A 3@0640=0<8, C:;>=ONI8<8AO >B C?;0BK =0;>3>2. #E<K;OOAL, >= ?>E;>?0; 'C ?> ?;5GC: >;8F59A:0O A;C610 =8:>340 =5 8AG57=5B, =0@>4, <>65B 1KBL, => ?>;8F8O 25G=0!. 0=:8@ 3;C?> C;K1=C;AO 2 >B25B. '5@57 E>;; ?@>BO=C;AO 4;8==K9 AB>;, 70 :>B>@K< A845; A8=C A =5:>B>@K<8 =0G0;L=8:0<8. 5;L 27O; 1CBK;:C 8, 2K182 ?@>1:C, AB0; @07;820BL O=B0@=CN 684:>ABL ?> 1>:0;0<. / 4>;65= A:070BL, - =0G0; >= A =0?KI5==K< 284><  GB> =5 >6840; B0:>3> CA?5E0! 0 :064>9 ?;0=5B5 =0H;8AL ;N48, 15A:>=5G=> ?@540==K5 =0<.  =8GB> =5 A<>3;> ?><5H0BL =0H8< ?;0=0<. 3> @C:0 =5<=>3> 4@>3=C;0, 8 =5<=>3> ;8:5@0 ?@>;8;>AL =0 AB>;. 065 >=3@5AA, MB0 <>3CG0O :CG:0, =5 A<>3 >AB0=>28BL =0A!. A5 ?>4=O;8 1>:0;K A <5@F0NI59 2 A25B5 O@:8E ;0<? 684:>ABLN 8 ?>445@60;8 B>AB. 5>6840==> 72C: <C7K:8 ?5@5:@K;> :0:>5-B> 6C660=85. '8 8 53> A28=>?>4>1=K9 A>15A54=8: ?@5:@0B8;8 A2>9 @073>2>@, 8 ?>4=O;8 3>;>2K, ?@8A;CH820OAL : AB@0==><C 72C:C. =8<0=85 >AB0;L=KE B>65 1K;> 70=OB> 2A5 B5< 65 =5?>=OB=K< O2;5=85<. 5;L, ?>AB0282 1>:0; =0 AB>;, ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5; 2 ?>B>;>:. A8=C =5<=>3> 702>;=>20;AO, 53> 65AB:0O @C:0 70B@OA;0AL. 0740;AO B@5A: 8, ?@>1820O ?>B>;>:, =0 ?>; C?0; 70304>G=K9 ?@54<5B F8;8=4@8G5A:>9 D>@<K. #?02, F8;8=4@ 1KAB@> 7025@B5;AO, 70AB02;OO 4@>60BL 2AN <515;L E>;;0. A5 1@>A8;8AL 87 E>;;0, >BB0;:820O 4@C3 4@C30 =0704. 48= 87 2>5==KE :><0=48@>2 2=8<0B5;L=> >A<>B@5; 25@BOI89AO ?@54<5B 8 ?>?KB0;AO ?@5:@0B8BL ?0=8:C: -B> =5 1><10!  70:@8G0; >=. K 1K C65 27;5B5;8 2 2>74CE, >:068AL MB>B ?@54<5B 1><1>9! -B> >1KG=0O :0?AC;0!. = >B:@CB8; 25@E=NN G0ABL F8;8=4@0 8 2KB0I8; ;8AB>: 1C<038. 0=8:CNI8<8 ;N4L<8 B5?5@L >2;045;> ;N1>?KBAB2>, 2>:@C3 :0?AC;K AB0;0 A>18@0BLAO B>;?0. ><0=48@ AB0; G8B0BL 1C<03C 2A;CE: >AB0=>2;5=85. >=3@5AA >AC40@AB25==KE D8F5@>2 ?@8:07K205B A8=C >AB028BL ?>AB ;02=>3> @028B5;O. = >128=O5BAO 2 <0AA>2>< C189AB25 =528==KE ;N459. >AB0=>2;5=85 ?>4?8A0;8 D8F5@K 8H 8 >;. 8F> A8=C ?>G5@=5;>. B> <>3 B0: 3;C?> ?>HCB8BL?! ><0=48@ 4>AB0; 2B>@>9 ;8AB>: 87 :0?AC;K: A8=C! >?88 MB>3> ?>AB0=>2;5=8O 2K1@>H5=K =0 C;8FK 2A5E ?;0=5B. !>25BC5< 20< A40BLAO 4>1@>2>;L=>!. 'B> > A515 2>7><=8; MB>B >;?! A5 AB0;8 >78@0BLAO ?> AB>@>=0<, >6840O 2>;H51=>3> ?>O2;5=8O =5?>1548<>3> 35@>O. ;0AB5@K 1K;8 3>B>2K 2KAB@5;8BL 2 ;N1>9 <><5=B. -B>3> =5 <>65B 1KBL! A5 D8F5@K C=8GB>65=K!  72CG0;> 2 B>;?5. A8=C 2 O@>AB8 ?>4>H5; : '8 8 AE20B8; 53> 70 @C:02: !:>;L:> 0B@C;L=KE 0AB5@>84>2 2K =5 ?@>25@8;8?!. = 45@30; @C:02, A;>2=> E>B5; >B>@20BL 53> 2<5AB5 A @C:>9. '8 1K; <>@0;L=> @07402;5=, >= <>3 B>;L:> 2K<>;28BL, 708:0OAL: "-B>;L:> AB5@>84 -<8H0!  :>@01;L >;0 C;5B5; A -75<;8 5I5 4-4> 27@K20!. = >BG0O==> ?KB0;AO >BF5?8BLAO >B A8=C. =570?=> A8=C @07@078;AO A<5E><. 2>5 AC<0A1@>4>2 @5H8;8 2KABC?8BL ?@>B82 >B@O4>2 ?>;8F59A:8E, ?@>B82 2A5E 1>52KE :>@01;59 8 =0H59 =5?>1548<>9 0@<88!  A:070; >=, ?>25@=C2H8AL : 87C<;5==>9 B>;?5. 3> @C:8 @07@K20;8 ?@8A;0==K5 1C<038 =0 <5;LG09H85 :;>G:8. #40G8 8<! - 1@>A8; >= =51@56=>. A8=C C40;>AL C1548BL B>;?C 3>AB59 2 ?>;=>9 157>?0A=>AB8 ?>;>65=8O. A5 4@C6=> 70A<5O;8AL.  16 $545@0;L=K9 :>A<8G5A:89 ?0B@C;L, 548=AB25==K9 CF5;52H89 2> 2A59 0;0:B8:5, 70ABK; 2 1572>74CH=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25. '5BK@5 D83C@K, >1;0G5==K5 2 A:0D0=4@K, 1K;8 3>B>2K =045BL :8A;>@>4=K5 <0A:8. >; >AB0=>28;AO: 548 8=, 2K A>2A5< =5 >1O70=K 45;0BL MB>. K 8 B0: ?><>3;8 =0< @07JOA=8BL A8BC0F8N. 548 B>65 1K;0 2 A:0D0=4@5, >=0 =8G53> =5 >B25B8;0 >;C, B>;L:> <>;G0 =045;0 :8A;>@>4=CN <0A:C. ? A =5?@82KG:8 =5 <>3 A>3=CBL =8 @C:C, =8 =>3C. A;8 1K 548 8= >B:070;0AL >B MB>9 70B58, >= 1K A C4>2>;LAB285< >AB0;AO =0 1>@BC. , >65! %>@>H>, - A:070; >;  K A59G0A =0E>48<AO =04 B>@>9 ;0=5B>9 !8AB5<K ;LD0 &5=B02@0. =0 =0E>48BAO =0 A@02=8B5;L=> 1>;LH>< @0AAB>O=88 >B ;02=>9 ;0=5BK. A5 0280107K 0;0:B8:8 ?CABCNB, B0: :0: 2A5 :>@01;8 1K;8 70459AB2>20=K 2 ?5@52>7:5 ;N459 =0 5<;N. !;54>20B5;L=>, 1><18BL =0A ?@>AB> =5:><C. 0H :>@01;L A?CAB8BAO ?>=865, 8 <K A<>65< ?5@5?@028BLAO =0 ?;0=5BC. 0AB53=C2 ?>A;54=NN ?@O6:C, >; 4>AB0; A2>9 1;0AB5@. @8:07K20N 45@60BLAO 2A5< 2<5AB5. C:>2>4AB2> 15@C ?>;=>ABLN =0 A51O, - A:070; >;, ?@>25@OO 70B2>@. 8;>B ?>25@=C;AO : 8HC: 1JO2;ON B@84F0B8 ?OB8A5:C=4=CN 3>B>2=>ABL. 8H @C:>9 ?>:070;, GB> ?@83>B>28;AO. C4L 3>B>2 ?@8:@KBL =0A, 5A;8 GB>-=81C4L A;CG8BAO. >340 <K ?@875<;8<AO, ?5@54048< ?> @048> =0H8 :>>@48=0BK. 8H ?>A?5H8; 70 >AB0;L=K<8. >; 70:@K; ;N: ?5@5E>4=>3> >BA5:0. @0A=K9 F25B A83=0;L=>9 ;0<?>G:8 A<5=8;AO =0 75;5=K9. = @5H8B5;L=> >B:@K; 2KE>4=>9 ;N: 8 H03=C; =0@C6C. ? 2KH5; ?>A;54=8<, 284 3CAB>9 B5<=>BK ?>4 =>30<8 ?C30; 53> 8 >= 706<C@8; 3;070. =8 ?@875<;8;8AL 4@C3 70 4@C3>< =0 0AD0;LB8@>20==CN ?>25@E=>ABL :>A<>?>@B0. 0AA0 O@:8E >3=59 >1>7=0G8;0 3>@>4. 0 B5<=>< D>=5 =510 2K@8A>2K20;0AL 0=B5==0 @048>10H=8. >; @0AAB53=C; 2A5 ?@O6:8 8 ?@83>B>28; 1;0AB5@. = =0?@028;AO : 10H=5. !:>@> : =5<C ?@8A>548=8;AO 8H. >;8F59A:89 A845; =0 ABC;5 8 ;8AB0; ?>@=>3@0D8G5A:89 6C@=0;. #A;KH02 H038, >= 2A:>G8; 2 ?>8A:0E 1;0AB5@0, => 1K;> A;8H:>< ?>74=>. 5;5=K9 ;075@=K9 ;CG 1;0AB5@0 ?>?0; B>G=> 5<C 2 A?8=C. >;8F59A:89 70H0B0;AO 8 @CE=C; =0 ?>;. !?@OB02 1;0AB5@, >; ?@8=O;AO 87CG0BL ?><5I5=85, =0 E>4C A=8<0O A:0D0=4@. 0:>=5F ?>O28;8AL ? 8 548 8=. 0: 8AB8==0O 65=I8=0, 548 8= ?>4>H;0 : 75@:0;C 8 ?@8=O;0AL ?>?@02;OBL ?@8G5A:C. @8B8G=> >F5=820O A51O, >=0 4>AB0;0 3C1=CN ?><04C. 5@B2>5 B5;> ?>;8F59A:>3> A<CB8;> ?0. 3> ?@>AB> B>H=8;>. 5@5A8;820O A51O, >= >BB0I8; B@C? 2 C3>;. >; >A2>1>48;AO >B =5C4>1=>3> A:0D0=4@0, 4>AB02 87 :0@<0=0 ?8;>B:C, >= ?>4>H5; : ?0=5;8 2845>A2O78. =8<0=85! / ?@5@K20N 2A5 B5;52878>==K5 ?5@540G8 4;O M:AB@5==>3> A>>1I5=8O! :;NG5=K 2A5 A8AB5<K <56?;0=5B=>9 B@52>38!. ><=0B0 =0?>;=8;0AL 2A52>7<>6=K<8 72C:0<8. 0 M:@0=5 ?>O28;>AL 87>1@065=85 >;0. >; ?5@525; 4KE0=85, >= 1K; 2 >B:@KB>< MD8@5. / >1@0I0NAL : =0A5;5=8N ?;0=5BK! /  >;, CG0AB=8: >=3@5AA0 D8F5@>2, :>B>@K5 ?@54AB02;ONB D0:B8G5A:CN 2;0ABL.... >A5B8B5;8 10@0, ?@58<CI5AB25==> ?>;8F59A:85, ?>4?@K3=C;8 =0 A2>8E <5AB0E, A;>2=> >H?0@5==K5 :8?OB:><, :>340 M:@0= ?>:070; 8< ;8F> >;0. 0G0;L=8: ?>;8F88, 1@>A8; A2>9 1>:0; 8 4>AB0; ?>@B0B82=CN @0F8N 87 :0@<0=0 ?8460:0. >; ?@>4>;60;: A8=C ?>;CG8; >BAB02:C, !5:@5B=0O >;8F8O @0A?CI5=0. A8=C >128=O5BAO 2 C=8GB>65=88 =0A5;5=8O 5<;8 8 4@C38E ?@5ABC?;5=8OE. >;8F59A:89 :@8G0; 2 @048>?5@540BG8:: A5< ?>;8F59A:8<! 5<54;5==> ?@81KBL =0 0M@>4@><. =8 =0E>4OBAO 2 @048>10H=5!. 0:>=G82, >= 70H030; ?@>GL. 0@0 ?>4@>AB:>2 A:CG=> A<>B@5;8 =0 M:@0= B5;5287>@0. >A;54=55 2@5<O B5;5?5@540G8 A:>@55 =0?><8=0;8 A:CG=K5 ;5:F88. !B@>3>5 ;8F> >;0, ?>O282H55AO =0 M:@0=5, 70AB028;> 8E ?@>A=CBLAO. 48= 87 ?>4@>AB:>2 ?>720; >AB0;L=KE G;5=>2 A5<L8. !>1@02H0OAO A5<LO 157>B@K2=> A;CH0;0 A2>53> 402=53> 35@>O. =>385 20H8 A>>B5G5AB25==8:8 1K;8 A>A;0=K =0 5<;N 8 C=8GB>65=K 27@K2>< 0B><=>9 1><1K!  20< A:070;8, GB> MB8 ;N48  ?@5ABC?=8:8. 48=AB25==K9 ?@5ABC?=8: MB> A8=C!  ?@>4>;60; >;. :@C65==K9 >D8F5@0<8 2 15;>-A8=59 D>@<5, 5=5@0; >:0;L=>9 @<88 =0?@O65==> A;CH0; ?;0<5==CN @5GL. !;>20 >;0 =0?>;=8;8 :018=5B. A8=C C=8GB>68; 2A5 =0A5;5=85 5<;8, 2AN 52OBCN @<8N, :>B>@0O ?>445@6820;0 2A5 70:>=K, A>AB02;5==K5 >=3@5AA><!. 8F> 5=5@0;0 ?><@0G=5;>. = =5 7=0; >1 MB><. "0: 2>B ?>G5<C =5B A2O78 A 5<;59,- ?@>1>@<>B0; >=. K7202 04JNB0=B0, 5=5@0; >B40; =5A:>;L:> ?@8:07>2. 0 C;8F0E A>1@0;8AL ;N48, 2=8<0B5;L=> A;CH02H85 A;>20 >;0 ?> C;8G=>9 2845>A8AB5<5. 0H8 :>A<8G5A:85 :>@01;8 ?5@52>78;8 =5AG0AB=KE ;N459 =0 5<;N, 2<5AB> B>3>, GB>1K 70=8<0BLAO >E@0=>9 20H53> :>A<8G5A:>3> ?@>AB@0=AB20. "5?5@L 2K =0E>48B5AL ?>4 =0H8< ?>:@>28B5;LAB2><. 0H5 =51> >E@0=O5BAO =0<8. ">;?0 AB0;0 1C@;8BL. >;L7COAL ?@54>AB02;5==K<8 <=5 >=3@5AA>< ?>;=><>G8O<8, O C?@074=ON !5:@5B=CN >;8F8N, 8 CAB0=02;820N =0 MB>9 ?;0=5B5 157>3>2>@>G=CN 2;0ABL >=3@5AA0!. N48 >B@5038@>20;8 =0 MB> 70O2;5=85. 845@ :0:>9 B> ?@5ABC?=>9 3@C??8@>2:8 AB0; 2K:@8:820BL ?@87K2K =0 2AN C;8FC. !;CH0O A8@5=K ?>4J5760NI8E ?>;8F59A:8E <0H8=, 8H C:@5?;O;AO C 425@8. >; 273;O=C; 2 >:=>. 5;0O @C:>9 7=0:8 ?C, >; ?@>4>;60; 3>2>@8BL 2 <8:@>D>=: K <>65B5 8 4>;6=K ?>1548BL 48:B0B A8=C!. = 1KAB@> 2@CG8; <8:@>D>= 2 @C:8 ?0 8 AE20B8; 53> 1;0AB5@. #?02 >:>;> >:=0, >; 70=O; 1>52CN ?>78F8N. "5< 2@5<5=5< ? ?KB0;AO C=OBL 4@>6L 2 :>;5=:0E 8 A>18@0;AO A <KA;O<8. A5, GB> 5<C A59G0A E>B5;>AL, MB> 1KBL >BAN40 40;5:>-40;5:>. 0:>=5F, ?@5>4>;52 A51O, ? ?>4>H5; : 2845>A:0=5@C 8 ?>4=O; <8:@>D>=: 548 8 465=B;L<5=K! K ?@>A;CH0;8 -:AB@5==>5 70O2;5=85 ><0=48@0 >;0. >;8F59A:85 HBC@<>20;8 740=85, >; AB@5;O; =5 ?5@5AB020O. ? ?>4?@K3820;, A;>2=> ?C;8 ?>?040;8 5<C ?>4 =>38. #15640O A51O, GB> A =8< =8G53> =5 A;CG8;>AL 8 GB> >= 548=AB25==0O A2O7L A 2>7<>6=>9 ?><>ILN, ? ?@>4>;68; A2>5 2KABC?;5=85. A;8 2K =0 =0H59 AB>@>=5, B> ?><>38B5 =0<! 40=85 >1AB@5;8205BAO ?>;8F59A:8<8!.  MB>B <><5=B 2 2>74CE 27;5B5;0 >4=0 87 ?>;8F59A:8E <0H8=. 848<> >; =5 ?@><070;. = =0H5; E8;;5A>2C ?OBC: <0H8=K 1K;8 =018BK 1>5?@8?0A0<8, 8 27@K20;8AL >4=0 70 4@C3>9, >A25I0O 2A5 2>:@C3 :@0A=K< A25B><. ? CA8;5==> 702>?8; 2 <8:@>D>=: 0< A@>G=> =C6=0 ?><>IL!. D8F5@K !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88 ?KB0;8AL 87<5=8BL B0:B8:C =0?045=8O. 4=> ?>4@0745;5=85 C65 1K;> C=8GB>65=>. ? A ?>1;54=52H8< ;8F>< ?5@5AG8BK20; ?>4E>4OI85 3@C7>28:8 A ?>4:@5?;5=85<. 20, ?OBL, =5B, 45AOBL! >4J5E0;0 0@BCAB0=>2:0, AB2>;K 55 >@C489 =0?@02;O;8AL =0 A0<K9 25@E 10H=8. (5D >;8F88 70:@8G0;: 5B, =5B! 048>10H=O 4>;6=0 CF5;5BL, 8=0G5 C =0A =5 1C45B =8:0:>9 A2O78. 0B5< >= >B40; ?@8:07 AB@5;OBL ?> 10H=5 87 1;0AB5@>2, 8 >3=5==K5 AB@>G:8 AB0;8 ?@>H820BL 740=85. 8H, ;5602H89 =0 ?>;C, >B25G0; :>@>B:8<8 >G5@54O<8. 548 8= AB0@0;0AL ?@>1@0BLAO : ?C, :>B>@K9 35@>8G5A:8 ?>445@6820; A2O7L A 2=5H=8< <8@><. 0 <8=CBC >= 70:@K; 3;070 8 AB0; G8B0BL :>@>B:CN <>;8B2C. 0:>=G82, ? ?@>4>;68;, :0: =8 2 G5<, =8 1K20;>: !:>@> AB0=5B OA=>, >AB0;8AL ;8 =0 MB>9 ?;0=5B5 G5AB=K5 ;N48!. 0 ;5AB=8F5, 254CI59 2 @048>@C1:C, ?>O28;8AL =5A:>;L:> ?>;8F59A:8E. @868<0OAL : AB5=0<, >=8 ?>418@0;8AL : 425@8. ?, 70<5B82 7=0:8 548 8=, ?@>:@8G0;: / ?5@540N <8:@>D>= 548 8=. =0 3;02=K9 A2845B5;L B>3>, GB> A8=C A>25@H8; C60A=K5 ?@5ABC?;5=8O!. 48= 87 ?>;8F59A:8E C65 1K; 2 =5A:>;L:8E H030E >B 8H0, => B>B 2>2@5<O CA?5; 2KAB@5;8BL 2 =5640==>3> 3>ABO. AB0;L=K5, =0?C30==K5 3>@OG59 2AB@5G59, @5H8;8 >BABC?8BL. 548 >B>@20;0 273;O4 >B >A06405<>9 425@8 8 =0G0;0 3>2>@8BL: >A;CH09B5, MB> <>65B 1KBL 20H ?>A;54=89 H0=A >1@5AB8 A2>1>4C 8 A25@3=CBL 48:B0B A8=C!. =0 1K;0 3>B>20 70?;0:0BL. >65, :C40 2A5 ?>4520;8AL?! >;, =0IC?02 ?>A;54=NN >1>9<C, B8E> @C3=C;AO. A;8 : =8< =5 ?@845B ?><>IL, >=8 2A5 ?>381=CB 2 MB>< 04C. 5A5;0O ?5@A?5:B820! !B8A=C2 7C1K, >= A O@>ABLN ?@8=O;AO AB@5;OBL 2 A5@K5 @O4K. ><0=48@ !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88 =01;N40; 2 18=>:;L 70 ?@>8AE>4OI8< A@065=85<. "5<=>B0 C65 >?CAB8;0AL =0 3>@>4, 8 5<C ?@8H;>AL 2:;NG8BL <>I=K5 D0@K 53> 468?0. 20 ;CG0 2KE20B8;8 87 G5@=>9 ?CAB>BK '5BK@5 A8=5-15;KE B0=:0, :>B>@K5 1KAB@> ?@81;860;8AL : 0M@>4@><C. 0 B0=:0<8 5E0;8 3@C7>28:8 A A>;40B0<8, A?@K3820NI8<8 =0 ?>;=>< E>4C. > 8E CH59 4>;5B0;>: ><=8B5, GB> AB0;> A 52OB>9 @<859! ><=8B5!. 0 >4=>9 87 <0H8= =0E>48;AO 5=5@0; >:0;L=>9 @<88. @8:07K20N 0B0:>20BL!  4>=5A;>AL 4> 2A5E 53> ?>4G8=5==KE. 4=>2@5<5==> 87 AB2>;>2 B0=:>2 2K@20;8AL >3=5==K5 AB@C8. '0ABL ?>;8F59A:8E 3@C7>28:>2 8AG57;0 A ?;>I04:8, >AB0282 >B A51O =5A:>;L:> 8A:>@565==KE 65;57O:. 5?>40;5:C 20;O;8AL 87C@>4>20==K5 >AB0=:8 :><0=48@A:>3> 468?0. B@O4K !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88 ?@>4>;60;8 >1AB@5;820BL 10H=N, E>BO 2A5E C65 >E20B8;> A<CB=>5 GC2AB2>, GB> GB>-B> =5 B0:. !8=5-15;K5 D83C@K <5B>48G=> =0G0;8 ?>4<8=0BL 704=85 @O4K ?>;8F59A:8E. #A;KH02 MBC HC<=CN 2>7=N, 548 8= >AB>@>6=> 2K3;O=C;0 2 >:=>. B C2845==>3> >=0 ?@>AB> ?>4A:>G8;0 =0 <5AB5, AE20B82 <8:@>D>=, >=0 @04>AB=> 70:@8G0;0: -B> ?>1540! !5:@5B=0O >;8F8O C=8GB>65=0!. 548 ?;0:0;0 8 1;03>40@8;0 72574K. >; 8 8H >1<5=O;8AL 273;O40<8 8 >B?@028;8AL >B:@K20BL 87@5H5G5==CN 425@L, GB>1K ?>?@825BAB2>20BL 5=5@0;0 8 >D8F5@>2. 5 CA?52 2>9B8, 5=5@0; @04>AB=> ?@>87=5A: 0:>=5F-B> O 286C ?5@54 A>1>9 A0<>3> >;0!. 8H ?@54;>68; 2A5< 2>9B8, C18@0O A ?>;0 >1;><:8 ABC;L52. 548 8= 70ABK;0 A <8:@>D>=>< 2 @C:0E 8 <>;G0 A<>B@5;0 =0 >D8F5@>2, AB>;?82H8EAO >:>;> 425@8. >A<>B@8B5, :>3> <K =0H;8  A:070; >48= >D8F5@, 2KB0;:820O 2?5@54 G5;>25:0 2 HB0BA:><. <C =0 284 1K;> >:>;> B@84F0B8, 53> 3>;>20 1K;0 3>@4> ?>4=OB0. D8F5@ 4>AB0; A2O7:C :;NG59 8 @0AAB53=C; =0@CG=8:8. -B> ;02=K9 #?@02;ONI89 MB>9 ?;0=5BK. K >A2>1>48;8 53> 87 BN@L<K, - ?>OA=8; >=. #?@02;ONI89 ?@>BO=C; >A2>1>645==CN @C:C >;C. >; A C4>2>;LAB285< ?>60; 55. >3C O @0AAG8BK20BL =0 20HC ?>445@6:C 4;O 40;L=59H59 1>@L1K A 15770:>=85<?  A?@>A8; >=. 57CA;>2=>! - >B25B8;8 2 >48= 3>;>A 5=5@0; 8 #?@02;ONI89. ? CAB0;> ?>4>H5; : 548 8=, >= 2K3;O45; C60A=>. / @>48;AO 2B>@>9 @07, - ?@>=5A;>AL 2 53> 3>;>25. 8H 704C<G82> A:070;: AB0;>AL 2A53> =8G53>  >A2>1>48BL 5I5 A5<L45AOB G5BK@5 ?;0=5BK. ? 5420 =5 ;8H8;AO GC2AB2, >= =5 A>18@0;AO 8A?KBK20BL AC4L1C 5I5 @07.  17 2574K :070;8AL 3>@ABLN 18A5@0, @071@>A0==>3> ?> G5@=><C 10@E0BC. >; A845; 2 :@5A;5 ?8;>B0 8 ?5@54020; 2 <8:@>D>=: N48 0;0:B8:8! >@8B5AL 70 A2>N A2>1>4C! K C65 >A2>1>48;8 B@84F0BL ?;0=5B >B 3=5B0 A8=C. 830=BA:89 ?>4>E>4=K9 =0;>3, A5:@5B=K5 ?5@A>=0;L=K5 4>AL5 @07@CH0B 20HC 687=L. !0< A8=C A848B 2 A2>5< :018=5B5, 5<C ?@8=>AOB ;>6=K5 >BG5BK >1 CA?5E0E 53> C189AB25==>9 ?>;8B8:8!. 0 725740E 2A?KE820;8 <OB568. ;0=5B0 =:0@: =0A5;5=85 =5=02848B =0;>3>2KE ?>;8F59A:8E, >B18@0NI8E C =8E ?>A;54=55. >GLN, 2>>@C65==K9 >B@O4 <OB56=8:>2 70=O; =5A:>;L:> AB@0B538G5A:8E >1J5:B>2. Betelgeuse: ?>;8F59A:89 >1=>2;O; :><?LNB5@=CN 107C 40==KE >1> 2A5E 68B5;OE. 3> <0;> 2>;=>20;0 4>AB>25@=>ABL 8=D>@<0F88. = A;KH0; > 2A?KH:0E =54>2>;LAB20 A@548 =0A5;5=8O, => 254L ?>;8F8O A?@028BAO A ;N1K<8 =5C4>1AB20<8. =570?=> 2 :><=0B5 ?>O28;8AL B@>5 G5;>25:, 2>>@C65==KE 1;0AB5@0<8. C4L BK ?@>:;OB A> A2>8<8 :><?LNB5@0<8!. !=>? >3=O ?>3;>B8; ?>;8F59A:>3> 8 2AN :><?LNB5@=CN A5BL. >;;0:A: @07JO@5==0O B>;?0 <OB56=8:>2 :C40-B> 2>;>:;0 ?>;8F59A:>3>. > 2A59 2848<>AB8, >=8 @5H8;8 ;8=G520BL 53>. >:@C3 H58 ?>;8F59A:>3> 1>;B0;0AL 25@52:0. !?8:0: 3@C??0 ;N459 70AB028;8 1>@>40BKE 4>:B>@>2 ;5GL =0 ?>;. 48= 87 <OB56=8:>2 ?>AB>O==> ?8=0; 8E, ?>2B>@OO: 0: 20< MB> =@028BLAO?!. 5B0 &5=B02@0: <5@B2>5 B5;> ?>;8F59A:>3> @0A?;0AB0;>AL =0 @048>?0=5;8, 2 53> A?8=5 B>@G0; :CE>==K9 =>6. O4>< =0E>48;AO @0=5=K9 <C6G8=0, >= :@8G0; 2 <8:@>D>=: / >1@0I0NAL : 68B5;O< ;02=>9 ;0=5BK! N48 5B0 &5=B02@0 ?>4=O;8AL =0 1>@L1C A !5:@5B=>9 >;8F859. K 1;87:8 : A2>59 F5;8!. 3> 3>;>A 72CG0; ?>4>1=> 3@><C 8 @0A?@>AB@0=O;AO :C40-B> 2KH5. OB568 ?>4>1=> ;5A=><C ?>60@C >E20BK20;8 2A5 ?;0=5BK 0;0:B8:8. (03 70 H03>< ;N48 C=8GB>60;8 ?>;8F59A:85 >B@O4K, 1><18;8 8E 107K. 0640O ?>1540 24>E=>2;O;0 2>AAB02H55 =0A5;5=85.  18 0 AB5=5 28A5;0 :0@B0 A >BG5B;82K<8 ?><5B:0<8. 0 A>25I0=88 ?@8ACBAB2>20;8 >;, 8H, ? 8 548 8=. >; ABCG0; :0@0=40H>< ?> AB>;C. 0=> 8;8 ?>74=>, >=8 AB0=CB 8A?>;L7>20BL A2>8 1><10@48@>2I8:8, GB>1K ?>?@028BL A2>5 ?>;>65=85. 8H :82=C; 3>;>2>9, >A<0B@820O 1;0AB5@. =8 >1AC640;8 MB> 5I5 2G5@0 25G5@><. ? ?@8AB0;L=> ?>A<>B@5; =0 >;0, 70B5< =0 8H0. ><10@48@>2I8:8! = ?;>E> ?>=8<0;, > G5< >=8 3>2>@OB, => GC2AB2>20;, GB> MB> >G5=L A5@L57=>. / ?@54;030N 0B0:>20BL 2>5==CN 107C =0 ;02=>9 ;0=5B5, - A:070; >;, >12>4O :0@0=40H>< ?;0=5BC. 0B5< <K 4>;6=K ?>AB0@0BLAO ;8:2848@>20BL ?>;8F8N A2>8<8 A8;0<8, =5 4>6840OAL ?><>I8 >B 4@C38E ?;0=5B, >=8 A59G0A 70=OBK A>1AB25==K<8 45;0<8. 8H A=>20 :82=C;: 2CG8B 70<0=G82>. ? ?>?5@E=C;AO: 0<0=G82>?!. >; <O3:> C;K1=C;AO: 0H ?0B@C;L=K9 :>A<8G5A:89 :>@01;L 1K; A>740= 4;O B>3>, GB>1K A@060BLAO A 2@065A:8<8 1><10@48@>2I8:0<8 8 ?>15640BL 8E. K ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5CO728<K. ? =5 CA?>:0820;AO: K ?>E>68 =0 I5=:0, 1>@NI53>AO A B83@><!. -B> >A=>20B5;L=> @0AA<5H8;> >;0: 0< <K ?>@CG8< A;548BL 70 E2>AB>2K< >@C485<!. ? 70AB>=0;: # 20A 5ABL GB>-=81C4L >B A5@45G=>9 1>;8?!. >;>4CN 452CH:C 1@>A0;8 87 @C: 2 @C:8, A;>2=> B@O?8G=CN :C:;C. !>;40BK, A>1@02H85AO 2 :@C3, A<5O;8AL =04 =59 8 ?@>4>;60;8 A2>5 =5E8B@>5 @072;5G5=85. 18B0B5;8 2>5==>9 107K A?>:>9=> ?@>6820;8 A2>9 >G5@54=>9 ?CAB>9 45=L. 48= 87 A>;40B @0AAB53=C; 2>@>B=8:: 8:>340 =5 4C<0;, GB> 1KBL 035=B>< $545@0;L=>3> N@> B0: ?@>AB>!. !84OI89 @O4>< A>;40B :>A> ?>A<>B@5; =0 =53>, 8 ?@>4>;68; @072;5:0BLAO: -9, :@0A>B:0, ?>4>948 :> <=5, O ?><>3C B515 @0745BLAO!. 52CH:C 1@>A8;8 2 53> AB>@>=C. =0 C?0;0 2 ?K;L. !>;40B ?>B@OA 55 70 ?;5G>, => >=0 =5 ?>H525;8;0AL. '5@B! =0 <5@B20!. @5:@0A=>, B0:>9 >=0 <=5 =@028BAO 1>;LH5, - A:070; :B>-B>. !B0;> A:CG=>. 48= 87 A>;40B 2AB0; 8 =0?@028;AO : HB01C. CGH5 O ?>94C C7=0N, :0: >1AB>OB 45;0 C ?0B@C;L=>9 A;C61K. @C3>9, C45@6820NI89 <5@B2CN 452CH:C 2 @C:0E, 4>1028;: 0, 459AB28B5;L=>, 8E ?>@0 1K A<5=8BL. 8;>B ?0B@C;L=>3> :>@01;O =060; :=>?:C @048>A2O78. !C:8=K 45B8, :>340 2K A<5=8B5 =0A?, - ?@>3>2>@8; >=. 5H0O <8:@>D>= =0 <5AB>, A>;40B 1@>A8; =51@56=K9 273;O4 =0 M:@0= @040@0. 5 ?>25@82 A515, >= ?>A<>B@5; 2 8;;N<8=0B>@. C:0 @57:> ?>BO=C;0AL =0704 : <8:@>D>=C.  =0H5< ?@>AB@0=AB25 =0E>48BAO $545@0;L=K9 0B@C;L!  ?5@540; >= A@K20NI8<AO 3>;>A><. >; >?CAB8; :>@01;L 5I5 =865. =87C, A;>2=> @>9 <CE, :@C68;8 H5ABL 1><10@48@>2I8:>2. ?, :0: 5<C >15I0;8, 1K; >B25BAB25==K< 70 E2>AB>2>5 >@C485, 8, 4@>60I8<8 @C:0<8, AB0@0;AO =025AB8 F5;L. >3;O4K20O 2=87, >= ?>2B>@O;: (5ABL 1><10@48@>2I8:>2! (5ABL 1><10@48@>2I8:>2!. 0 1075 702K;0 >3;CH8B5;L=0O A8@5=0. !>;40BK, >B2;5:H8AL >B A2>53> @072;5G5=8O, ?><G0;8AL : 1>52K< ?>78F8O<. #45@6820O 2KA>BC, >; A45;0; 7=0: 8HC, GB>1K B>B ?@>4>;60; 25AB8 >3>=L. ? 70<5B8;, GB> : ;5B0NI8< :>@01;O< AB0;8 4>102;OBLAO =>2K5. = =0G0; 3@><:> 1>@<>B0BL <>;8B2C, =045OAL, GB> E>BL :0:>9-=81C4L 1>3 7015@5B 53> >BAN40 2 ;N1>5 4@C3>5 <5AB>. 45 C3>4=>, B>;L:> =5 745AL! 5?@5@K2=> ?>AK;0O >3=5==K5 ?CG:8, : =8< ?@81;878;AO >48= 87 1><10@48@>2I8:>2. >; ?>BO=C; =0 A51O HBC@20; 8 ?>=5AAO G5@57 A0<K9 F5=B@ A:>?8I0 1><10@48@>2I8:>2, >AB02;OO 70 A>1>9 3>@ABL G5@=KE H0@>2. 0 E2>AB>< AB0;8 ?>O2;OBLAO O@:85 2A?KH:8 75;5=>3> >3=O. 0725@=C2H8AL, >; C4>2;5B2>@5==> 70<5B8;, GB> 1><10@48@>2I8:>2 AB0;> =0<=>3> <5=LH5. ? O@>AB=> AB@5;O; ?> >AB02H8<AO :>@01;O<. 5G0O==> 4;O A51O >= ?>?0; 2 >48= 87 =8E. 01K2 A2>8 <>;8B2K, ? 2>H5; 2 @06 8, 2> GB> 1K B> =8 AB0;>, E>B5; A18BL 5I5 GB>-=81C4L. =570?=> ?5@54 53> =>A>< ?@>=5A;0AL >3=5==0O 2>;=0. >;, 70<5B82 MB>, 7015A?>:>8;AO, ?@>:;8=0O A2>N =5>AB>@>6=>ABL. > A=0@O4 B>;L:> 7045; :>@01;L, =5 ?@8G8=82 1>;LH>3> 2@540.  A;54CNI89 <><5=B ? 874020; ?>154>=>A=K5 :@8:8: >= A18; 5I5 >48= 1><10@48@>2I8:. 8H @C:>9 C:070; >;C =0 =>2K5 2@065A:85 :>@01;8, 25@B8:0;L=> 27;5B0NI85 2 =51>. -B> 2B>@0O MA:04@0!. #25;8G82 A:>@>ABL, >; ?@>;5B5; <564C 1><10@48@>2I8:0<8 ?@5645, G5< >=8 CA?5;8 GB>-;81> A45;0BL. 8H >B:@K; 15H5==K9 >3>=L 8 H5ABL A5@>-75;5=KE :>@01;59 ?@52@0B8;8AL 2 =8GB>. >; ?@>4>;60; :@C68BL =04 107>9. ?, =5 =0E>4O 4;O A51O =>2KE <8H5=59, 70A:CG0;. =B8:>A<8G5A:0O >3=520O CAB0=>2:0 ?@>4>;60;0 ?>AK;0BL 2 =51> >3=5==K5 ;5=BK. > N@:89 0B@C;L ?>AB>O==> CA:0;L7K20; >B F5?:8E A=0@O4>2. 0:>=5F, 284O, GB> AB@5;OBL 15A?>;57=>, A>;40BK ?@5:@0B8;8 2>74CH=CN 0B0:C. 8H 45@60; =0?@O65==K9 ?0;5F =0 :=>?:5 8 640; ?@8:070. <8! - :@8:=C; >;, 8 :=>?:0 ?;02=> >?CAB8;0AL. 2801070 ?@52@0B8;0AL 2 ?K;L. !45;02 :@C3, >; 4>AB0; <8:@>D>= 8 2KH5; =0 A2O7L: K7K20N :><0=4CNI53> $545@0;L=>9 @<859 5=5@0;0 @=0!. 7 48=0<8:0 4>=5AAO 3>;>A A2O78AB0: / ?>AB0@0NAL A2O70BLAO A =8<!. = AB0; 45;0BL 7=0:8 5=5@0;C, :>B>@K9, =87:> ?@83810OAL : ?>;C, BCB 65 =0?@028;AO : =5<C. @0A=K5 >3=8 2;5B0;8 2 >:=0, 2>:@C3 :8?5;> =0AB>OI55 A@065=85. !>;40BK 2 A8=5-15;>9 D>@<5 157 CAB0;8 AB@5;O;8 2 ?@81;860NI53>AO =5?@8OB5;O. !B5=K 1K;8 8A?>;>A>20=K 1;0AB5@0<8. 5=5@0; @=, 25;8G02K9 A54>9 <C6G8=0, 27O; <8:@>D>= 8, ?@83=C2 3>;>2C, A?@>A8; C A2O78AB0: B> <5=O 2K7K205B?. >E>65, MB> >;!. 0 M:@0=5 ?>:070;>AL ;8F>. -B> 459AB28B5;L=> >;!  2>A:;8:=C; 5=5@0;. > 1KAB@> ?@84O 2 A51O, >= A5@L57=> A>>1I8;: 5 ?KB09B5AL ?@>1@0BLAO : =0<! K >:@C65=K ?>;8F59A:8<8 >B@O40<8. A5 =0H8 107K 70E20G5=K. K A59G0A =0E>48B5AL =0 "@5BL59 &5=B@0;L=>9 1075?  A?@>A8; >;. 5=5@0; ?>4C<0;, GB> C 53> A>15A54=8:0 =5 2A5 2 ?>@O4:5 A 3>;>2>9, => 2A5 65 >B25B8;: 0!. >;, C;K10OAL, A:070;: !>25BCN 20< 8 20H8< A>;40B0< ?@83=CBLAO, :>340 CA;KH8B5 HC< 42830B5;59!. > >;!  =0G0; 5=5@0;, => A2O7L >1>@20;0AL. = ;5B8B AN40!  87C<;5==K< 3>;>A>< ?5@540; >= >AB0;L=K< >D8F5@0< 8 ?>A?5H=> AB0; 70AB53820BL 2>@>B=8G>:. #25;8G8BL >3>=L!. 0E>4OAL 2KA>:> =04 &5=B@0;L=>9 107>9, >; 8 8H 87CG0;8 >1AB0=>2:C. 070 ?@54AB02;O;0 A>1>9 :@5?>ABL, A >4=>9 AB>@>=K 70I8I5==CN 1C@=>9 @5:>9. O4>< =0E>48;8AL 4204F0BL >@C659=KE 0@A5=0;>2. 3@><=0O A5@0O <0AA0 ?>;8F59A:8E 157 CAB0;8 AB@5;O;0 ?> :@5?>AB8. >; ?>BO=C; HBC@20;, 8 :>@01;L AB0; A=860BLAO. @83>B>28BLAO : 0B0:5! - ?@8:070; >= 8HC. C4L >AB>@>65=, =5 ?>?048 2 740=85!. 8H, CE<K;L=C2H8AL, ?>:070; 7=0:, GB> 2A5 1C45B 2 ?>@O4:5. 5;L A?>:>9=> =01;N40; 70 E>4>< A@065=8O. I5 =5A:>;L:> G0A>2 8 >= 1C45B ?@54AB02;5= : =03@045. >=5G=>, =5 >= A>AB028; ?;0= =0?045=8O =0 5=5@0;0 @=0, => 254L 2 40==K9 <><5=B >= 745AL A0<K9 AB0@H89 ?> 720=8N, A;54>20B5;L=>, 2A5 ;02@K 4>;65= ?>;CG8BL 8<5==> >=, 5;L. #A;KH02 HC< 42830B5;59, 5;L ?>4=O; 3>;>2C, 8 C2845; =5GB>, ?>25@3H55 53> 2 C60A. A:>G82, >= 1@>A8;AO 2 C:@KB85. >@01;L ?>28A =04 0@A5=0;0<8, 8H 2K?CAB8; 87 1;0AB5@0 4;8==CN >G5@54L.  BC 65 A5:C=4C 2A5 2>:@C3 70?>;KE0;>. !>;40BK 5=5@0;0 @=0 A 1;03>3>25=85< =01;N40;8 70 03>=859 ?>;8F59A:8E. 51>;LH>9 >B@O4 2KA:>G8; 87 A2>53> C:@KB8O 8 A :@8:0<8 B><AB8< 70 52OBCN @<8N! AB0; >:@C60BL >AB0B:8 ?>;8F88. 548 8= 8 ? ?@8;L=C;8 : 8;;N<8=0B>@0< 8 A 25;8G09H8< C4>2>;LAB285< =01;N40;8 70 ?@>8AE>4OI8< 2=87C. 4@C3 ? AE20B8; 8H0 70 @C:C 8 2>AB>@65==> 70:@8G0;: K ?>1548;8!. !<5OAL, 8H <O3:> >BF5?8;AO >B ;8:CNI53> ?0 8 ?>E;>?0; ?> ?;5GC >;0. -9, <K >?OBL A?@028;8AL A =5G8ABLN!. > ?0 >1CO;> 48:>5 GC2AB2> 2>AB>@30, 8 >= AE20B8; 548 8=, GB>1K ?>45;8BLAO @04>ABLN. 5;L, 2K1@02H8AL 87 C1568I0, 2A:>G8; 2 1@>=8@>20==K9 468? 8 ?>3=0; 53> ?@>GL >BAN40.  19 > 42>@F5 1K;0 >1JO2;5=0 1>520O B@52>30. 5AL 2>8=A:89 A>AB02 70=8<0; 1>52K5 ?>78F88 8 >1>@>=O;AO >B 0B0:8. 0 C;8F5 1K;8 2>72545=K 10@@8:04K, 2A5 2>:@C3 1K;> CAK?0=> 18BK< AB5:;><. 0 2KA>:>9 >3@04>9 42>@F0 AB>O;8 B0=:8, 2K:@0H5==K5 2 A8=5-15;K9 F25B. :>;> >4=>9 87 3@>7=KE <0H8= AB>O;8 5=5@0; @=, 8H 8 >;, >1AC6402H85 40;L=59H85 459AB28O. =8 A?@OB0;8AL B0< :0: A2>@0 :@KA, - A:070; 5=5@0;. 8H 3@C1> 4>1028;: C6=> AB@5;OBL ?> 42>@FC!. 5B, <K =5 <>65< 18BL 87 B0=:>2. # =8E 2 @C:0E @048>C?@02;O5<K9 45B>=0B>@. A5 ?>;5B8B : G5@BC! - >; 5I5 @07 ?>A<>B@5; =0 42>@5F. 5B, <K 4>;6=K 27OBL 8E 682K<8!. = ?>4>720; :0?8B0=0, 45@602H53> 2 @C:0E <530D>=. 8H A?@>A8;: > :0: =0< 2K<0=8BL 8E >BBC40?. >415602H89 :0?8B0= >B25B8;: K <>3;8 HBC@<>20BL 42>@5F!. >; ?>:0G0; 3>;>2>9: 5@5409B5 5I5 @07 2A5<, GB> <K 4>;6=K 27OBL 8E B>;L:> 682K<8!. 0?8B0= ?@8;>68; :> @BC <530D>= 8 87> 2A5E A8; 70:@8G0;: >; ?@8:070; 27OBL 2A5E 682K<8! ">;L:> 682K<8!. !@548 >B@O4>2 ?@>=5A;>AL: ">;L:> 682K<8!. -E> ?@8:070 5I5 4>;3> ;5B5;> =04 3>;>20<8 A>;40B. 0?8B0= >:8=C; 273;O4>< A2>8E ?>4G8=5==KE 2 ?>;=>9 1>53>B>2=>AB8 8 ?@>4>;68; 25I0BL, >1@0I0OAL : ?>;8F59A:8<: K ?@54;0305< 20< A40BLAO! K ?>;CG8B5 0<=8AB8N 8 1C45B5 2KA;0=K 2 4@C3CN 0;0:B8:C. 5AL :><0=48@A:89 A>AB02 ?>945B ?>4 B@81C=0;. KE>48B5 157 >@C68O A ?>4=OBK<8 @C:0<8!. 48= 87 ?>;8F59A:8E 2=8<0B5;L=> 2A;CH820;AO 2 :064>5 A;>2>. 0B@>=K 402=> :>=G8;8AL, >= 15A?><>I=> A845; ?>4 >:=><. 4=0 87 <=>3>G8A;5==KE 425@59 42>@F0 ?@8B2>@8;0AL 8 2K?CAB8;0 3@C??C >1>@20==KE 8 @0=5=KE ?>;8F59A:8E. =8 1K;8 2>>@C65=K, => 8E @C:8 1K;8 2KA>:> ?>4=OBK =04 3>;>2>9. 0?8B0= ?@8:070; A>;40B0<: 5 AB@5;OBL!. >;8F59A:85 H;8 A4020BLAO. E ?>A048;8 2 <0H8=C. =570?=> 4;8==0O >G5@54L A> AB>@>=K 42>@F0 A:>A8;0 B@>8E 87 ?;5==KE. 48= 87 A>;40B C?0; =0 :>;5=8 8 4>AB0; 1;0AB5@, ?@83>B>2OAL AB@5;OBL 2 >B25B. = ?><54;8; <8=CBC, 8 MB0 ?0C70 AB>8;0 5<C 687=8: >G5@54=0O ?C;O ?>?0;0 5<C 2 682>B, 8 03>=8O 8A:078;0 53> ;8F>. = A45;0; H03 2?5@54 8 C?0;. !B02 A2845B5;5< MB>9 AF5=K, >; A:070;: "0< 5I5 <=>3> >45@68<KE 157C<F52!. @= @0AA5O==> :82=C;. >; ?@>25@8; A2>9 1;0AB5@ 8 ?>720; 8H0, C:07K20O 3>;>2>9 =0 42>@5F: >945<, 8H!. G=C2H8AL, 5=5@0; @= ?>?KB0;AO >AB0=>28BL 8E, => >=8 C65 ?@>18@0;8AL : 42>@FC, ?@83=C2H8AL : 75<;5. 0 8E ?CB8 >:070;AO ?>;C@07@CH5==K9 02B><>18;L, ?>4B0;:8205<K9 : =8< =5A:>;L:8<8 A>;40B0<8. -B> 1K; ?@5:@0A=K9 I8B >B ?C;L. @= @5H8; >B2;5GL 2=8<0=85 ?>;8F59A:8E 8 A:><0=4>20;: B:@KBL >3>=L ?> 2A5< >:=0< 42>@F0!. >; 8 8H 4>1@0;8AL 4> AB5=K. 5 A2>4O ?KB;82KE 3;07 A ;8F0 4@C30, >; 4>AB0; 87 :0@<0=0 <>=5BC, 8 ?>41@>A8; 55. @5;, - 2K1@0; 8H. / ?@>83@0;, - A:070; >;, 4065 =5 ?>A<>B@52 =0 <>=5BC. 0 <3=>25=85 >= AE20B8; 8H0 70 @C:C, :@0A=K5 >3>=L:8 2A?>@>;8 75<;N @O4>< A =8<. 8H 2K@C30;AO.  MB> 2@5<O >;, C28452 :>3>-B>, 1@>A8;AO 2 ?>3>=N. KAB@5; =0AB83 ?>;8F59A:>3>. 8H ?>25@=C;AO 8 C2845;, GB> >; C65 ?>GB8 4>1560; 4> 42>@F>2KE 425@59. '5@B! = =5 <>3 4>?CAB8BL B>3>, GB>1K >; 459AB2>20; 2 >48=>G:C! 8H 1@>A8;AO 4>3>=OBL 4@C30. >; ?@>1@0;AO 2 E>;;. 0<5B82 42865=85 B5=8 =0 10;:>=5, >= >B:@K; >3>=L. >4>6402 :0:>5-B> 2@5<O, >= C2845; 8H0, ?>4=8<0NI53>AO ?> ABC?5=L:0<. = =5 C4828;AO, >=8 A=>20 1K;8 2<5AB5. 25@L ?>7048 =8E B8E> ?@8>B:@K;0AL. 8:B> =5 70<5B8;, :0: 2 I5;8 ?>O28;>AL 4C;> 1;0AB5@0. @>72CG0; 2KAB@5;, 8 3>;>2C 8H0 70;8;0 0;0O :@>2L. 3> 3;070 C482;5==> A<>B@5;8 =0 >;0, 1;0AB5@ 2K20;8;AO 87 @C:. 8H A:0B8;AO 2=87 ?> ABC?5=L:0<. 8F> >;0 ?>1;54=5;>, >= 2845;, :0: C?0; 53> 1;8609H89 A>@0B=8:. 2C: 70:@K2H59AO 425@8 2K25; 53> 87 H>:0. >; A;>2=> 2715A8;AO. B:@K2 15A?@5@K2=CN ?0;L1C, >= A :@8:>< =5=028AB8 2>@20;AO 2 :><=0BC.  ?><5I5=88 =0E>48;8AL B@>5 ?>;8F59A:8E: 42>5 =0E>48;8AL >:>;> AB>;0, B@5B89 1@>A8;AO : =5<C. >; 2KAB@5;8; 2 C?>@ 2 ?>;8F59A:>3>, 0 70B5< @0A?@028;AO A >AB0;L=K<8. = AB@5;O; 2 =8E 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 >=8 =5 AB0;8 ?>E>68 =0 :@>202>5 <5A82>. ?><=82H8AL >B ?@8?04:0 O@>AB8, >; 2KH5; 87 :><=0BK, 8 ?>A<>B@5; 2=87, BC40, 345, AJ5682H8AL, ;560; 8H. 0 <3=>25=85 53> >E20B8;> AB@0H=>5 >ICI5=85 ?>B5@8. 8H 1K; ;CGH8< 53> 4@C3><. LO2>;! >; ?>72>;8; 3>@N 2K9B8 =0@C6C. 548 8= ?>4>1@0;0AL : 5=5@0;C. =0 1K;0 1;54=0, 3;070 =0?@O65==> A<>B@5;8 =0 42>@5F. 5 @C:8 =5@2=> AF5?8;8AL 2 70<>:. ">;L:> 1K >=8 >AB0;8AL 682K! >; <54;5==> ?@>42830;AO ?> :>@84>@C. = C65 >A<>B@5; 1>;LH8=AB2> :><=0B, B5?5@L >= AB>O; ?5@54 425@LN A =04?8ALN, 3>2>@OI59 > B><, GB> MB> :018=5B A8=C. 25@L 1K;0 70?5@B0. >; 2K18; 55 ?;5G>< 8 2>H5; 2 :><=0BC. 45AL 2A5 1K;> 2 15A?>@O4:5: :@0A=K5 10@E0B=K5 ?>@BL5@K 28A5;8 :>A>, :>25@ 1K; 701@>A0= 1C<030<8 8 >AB02;5==K< >@C685<, G5@=K9 AB>; 1K; 7020;5= :0:8<-B> 4>:C<5=B0<8. !:0=8@CNI89 273;O4 >;0 =0B:=C;AO =0 ?OBL G5;>25G5A:8E D83C@, A?@OB02H8EAO 70 ?>@BL5@0<8. = <54;5==> 8 >AB>@>6=> ?@81;878;AO : =8<. 8F> 5;O 1K;> 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 15;>3> F25B0; '8 704KE0;AO, 53> @C:0 1K;0 2 B0:>< ?>;>65=88, 1C4B> >= >B<0E820;AO >B :>3>-B>; !B8 ;560; =5?>4286=>, A;>2=> ?@>H5; ?A8E80B@8G5A:89 :C@A ;5G5=8O; 3;070 'C 1K;8 CAB@5<;5=K :C40-B> 2 =5254><>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>; 8, =0:>=5F, 745AL =0E>48;AO A8=C. >; 1K; C4>2;5B2>@5=. A5 28=>2=8:8 B>@65AB20 1K;8 745AL. "0:85 =5A<5;K5, >=8 1K;8 A0<K<8 65AB>:8<8 ?@5ABC?=8:0<8 0;0:B8:8. = =5 >1@0B8; 2=8<0=8O =0 B>, GB> >4=0 @C:0 A8=C BO=C;0AL : 20;O2H5<CAO =0 ?>;C 1;0AB5@C. !0=B8<5B@ 70 A0=B8<5B@>< >= ?@81;860;AO : 65;05<><C >1J5:BC. >; ?>-?@56=5<C =8G53> =5 70<5G0;. 57:8< 42865=85< A8=C AE20B8; 1;0AB5@. @05< 3;070 >; 70<5B8; MB>, 8 ?>25@=C;AO ;8F>< : @028B5;N. > A8=C CA?5; ?@8AB028BL 1;0AB5@ : ?@02><C 28A:C 8 =060BL =0 :C@>:. > 2 MBC 65 A5:C=4C >; 2KAB@5;8; 2 53> @C:C, 1;0AB5@ 2KAB@5;8; 2 AB>@>=C, =5 ?@8G8=82 2@540 =5C402H5<CAO A0<>C189F5. >A:>< 1>B8=:0 >; >BH2K@=C; 1;0AB5@ 2 40;L=89 C3>; :018=5B0. A8=C 1K; :@09=5 ?>402;5=. A5 :>=G5=>! = 2?5@2K5 =5 7=0;, GB> 45;0BL. >; ?>4>H5; : >:=C 8 2K18; AB5:;>. 5 2K?CA:0O 87 284C A8=C, >= <0E=C; @C:>9 ;N4O<, AB>O2H8< 2=87C: =8 682K. ">;?0 27>@20;0AL @04>AB=K< :@8:><. !;57K ?>B5:;8 ?> :@0A82><C ;8FC 548 8=, >=0 ?KB0;0AL ?>9<0BL 273;O4 >;0. 2>= F5@:>2=KE :>;>:>;>2 8 02B>A83=0;K A>548=8;8AL 2 >48= 72C:. >@>4 ;8:>20;. !;>2=> A3>2>@82H8AL, B>;?0 @8=C;0AL 2> 42>@5F. >; 87<CG5==> C;K1=C;AO 8 ?>A;0; 2>74CH=K9 ?>F5;C9 548 8=.  20 @= @073>20@820; A >;><. O4>< AC5B8;AO =0@O4=> >45BK9 ?. 548 8= ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5;0 =0 A2>53> 35@>O A:2>7L 4;8==K5 @5A=8FK. 0< 5I5 <=>3> ?@54AB>8B A45;0BL. !59G0A =5>1E>48<> AD>@<8@>20BL =>2>5 ?@028B5;LAB2>. 5=5@0;, 2K <>65B5 :>3>-=81C4L ?>@5:><5=4>20BL?. 0, - C25@5==> >B25B8; @=  / 1K ?>A>25B>20; 20< AD>@<8@>20BL =>2K9 ?@028B5;LAB25==K9 >@30= 87 >D8F5@>2 =5:>B>@KE 2KAH8E :C@A>2 >AC40@AB25==>9 :045<88. >; >4>1@8B5;L=> :82=C;: 0: <=5 =5 E20B05B ?><>I8 8H0! / 1>NAL, GB> =5 A?@02;NAL A =020;82H8<8AO ?@>1;5<0<8. 25@L @0A?0E=C;0AL. 0 ?>@>35 ?>O28;AO 8H, 53> 3>;>20 1K;0 7018=B>20=0, >= >?8@0;AO =0 :>ABK;L. @8OB=> >ICI0BL A51O B0:8< =570<5=8<K<!. >; 2K3;O45; B0:, 1C4B> C2845; ?@82845=85. 5 <>65B 1KBL! ?@0282H8AL >B B0:>3> C40@0, >= 1@>A8;AO >1=8<0BL 2=>2L >1@5B5==>3> 4@C30: / @04, GB> BK A=>20 A> <=>9!. "5?5@L =0AB0;0 >G5@54L 548 8= 8 55 A5:@5B0@O >1=8<0BL 7018=B>20==>3> 8H0. 15A?>:>5==K9 B0:8< 3>@OG8< ?@85<><, 8H =5 CAB020; ?>2B>@OBL: AB>@>6=55! 5 701K209B5, GB> O @0=5=!. ;02=K9 !C4LO, >1;0G5==K9 2 G5@=CN <0=B8N, 2>H5; 2 70; 70A540=89. = 70=O; B> <5AB>, 345 :>340-B> A845; A8=C. > >15 AB>@>=K >B =53> A845;8 53> ?><>I=8:8. 'CBL =865 A845;8 ?@8AO6=K5. 45AL 65 =0E>48;8AL >;, 7018=B>20==K9 8H 8 548 8=, A?@OB02H0O ;8F> ?>4 G5@=>9 2C0;LN. 0 A:0<L5 ?>4AC48<KE =0E>48;8AL A8=C, '8, 5;L, !B8 8 'C.  70;5 ?@8ACBAB2>20;8 25745ACI85 6C@=0;8ABK 8 <=>3>G8A;5==K5 >?5@0B>@K A :0<5@0<8. ;02=K9 !C4LO AB@>3> ?>A<>B@5; =0 ?>4AC48<KE. 1;040O 40==K<8 <=5 ?>;=><>G8O<8, O >128=ON A;54CNI8E ;8F 2 3>AC40@AB25==>9 87<5=5 A >BO3G0NI8<8 >1AB>OB5;LAB20<8, 2 G0AB=>AB8, C=8GB>65=88 ?;0=5BK 5<;O 8 <8;;8>=>2 ;N459. 5;L - C:>2>48B5;L !5:@5B=>9 >;8F88, '8  ?@54A540B5;L 5?0@B0<5=B0 @02>AC48O; ;02=K9 A8E80B@ !B8, 'C  3;020 5630;0:B8G5A:>3> 0=:0 8 A8=C  5@E>2=K9 @028B5;L >=D545@0F88!. !C4LO ?5@525; 4KE0=85 8 ?@>4>;68; 2A5 B5< 65 <>=>B>==K< 3>;>A><: =8 ?@83>20@820NBAO : 25G=><C BN@5<=><C 70:;NG5=8N. > ?@5645 >=8 1C4CB 2KAB02;5=K =0 ?>:07 =0A5;5=8N =0 :064>9 ?;0=5B5. "0:>2> @5H5=85 5@E>2=>3> !C40, >=3@5AA0 8 AC40 ?@8AO6=KE. B>-=81C4L 87 >AC645==KE E>G5B A:070BL GB>-;81> 2 A2>5 >?@0240=85?. '8 =5@2=> 70A<5O;AO. !C4LO C40@8; <>;>B:><, GB>1K >AB0=>28BL 1K2H53> 10=:8@0. "0:>20 40;L=59H0O AC4L10 B5E, :B> ?>:CH0;AO =0 A2>1>4C ;8G=>AB8 8 3>AC40@AB20! - AC@>2> ?@>87=5A >=. #40@82 <>;>B:>< B@8 @070, AC4LO >?>25AB8; 2A5E > 70:@KB88 70A540=8O. @>F5AA =0:070=8O 8A?>;=O;AO :0: =8:>340 0::C@0B=>. AC645==KE ?><5AB8;8 2 A?5F80;L=CN AB5:;O==CN :;5B:C 8 ?@>257;8 ?> 2A5< ?;0=5B0<, CAB@0820O =0AB>OI85 2KAB02:8. 064K9 @07 8E 2AB@5G0;0 @07JO@5==0O B>;?0, :064K9 @07 8E 70:84K20;8 BCE;K<8 O9F0<8 8 ?><84>@0<8. CB5H5AB285 >B@078;>AL =0 A>AB>O=88 :064>3> ?@5ABC?=8:0. '8 AB0; B8E> AE>48BL A C<0; !B8 25G=> 1>@<>B0; :0:85 AB@0==K5 D@07K, GB>1K E>BL :0:-B> C9B8 >B @50;L=>AB8; 'C A8;L=> 8AEC40; 8 B5?5@L 1K; ?>E>6 =0 <>;>4>3> ?>@>A5=:0, E>BO 53> ?@82KG:0 :@CB8BL ?5@AB=8 2A5 5I5 >AB020;0AL A =8<. 5;L 2?0; 2 3;C1>:CN 45?@5AA8N 8, ?>E>65, 5I5 4>;3> =5 A>18@0;AO 87 =55 2KE>48BL. A8=C ?>GB8 =5 87<5=8;AO, B>;L:> B5?5@L >= AB0; G0AB> ?@8:@K20BL 3>;>2C @C:0<8.  :>=F5 :>=F>2, 8E 4>AB028;8 2 BN@L<C, @0A?>;>65==CN 2 >48=>:>9 A:0;5 A@548 ?CABK=8. 5A:>;L:> A8=5-15;KE 3@C7>28:>2 ?@8?0@:>20;8AL >:>;> 2J5740 2 B>==5;L. >5==K9 >@:5AB@ 83@0; B@0C@=K9 <0@H. 5745 AC5B8;8AL B5;5@5?>@B5@K, A=8<02H85 2A5 8 2AO. K ?5@5405< =0H @5?>@B06 A <5AB0 ?@54AB>OI53> 70:;NG5=8O, @0A?>;>65==>3> 2 3>@5 A8=C =0 ?;0=5B5 ">=. -B0 3>@0 1K;0 =0720=0 2 G5ABL @028B5;O, :>340 >= 70E20B8; 2;0ABL =04 0;0:B8:>9. G5=L A8<2>;8G=>, GB> A8=C 1C45B >B1K20BL =0:070=85 8<5==> 2 MB>< <5AB5. !59G0A 84CB ?>A;54=85 ?@83>B>2;5=8O.  3>@5 1K; 2KA5G5= 8A:CAAB25==K9 3@>B, 2 :>B>@>< :>?>H8;8AL M;5:B@><>=B5@K. A5 ?><5I5=85 1K;> >1;8F>20=> ;8AB0<8 <548. @C3>< =0E>48;0AL >E@0=0. B >1;8F>2:8 ?> ?>;C BO=C;8AL <=>3>G8A;5==K5 :015;8. >A@548=5 AB>O;8 ?OBL AB>;>2, 2>:@C3 :>B>@KE E>48;8 2@0G8 2 15;KE E0;0B0E. AC645==KE ?5@5;>68;8 =0 AB>;K 8 ?@82O70;8 @5<=O<8. A8=C A:CG=> A<>B@5;, :0: 4>:B>@ ?@8:@5?;O; : 53> 70?OABLO< :0:85-B> 1@0A;5BK. "0:85 65 C:@0H5=8O >= ?@8:@5?8; : I8:>;>B:0< 8 =045; =0 H5N. 420 H525;O ?>B@5A:02H8<8AO 3C10<8, A8=C A?@>A8; 53>: -B8 CAB@>9AB20 70AB02OB =0A 68BL 25G=>?. >;G8B5!  >1>@20; 53> 4>:B>@. BG0O=85 ?>O28;>AL 2 3;070E M:A-@028B5;O: 0: 4>;3> O 1C4C 68BL?!.  >B25B ?>A;54>20;> B>;L:> <>;G0=85. 8:B> =5 7=0;, A:>;L:> MB>  25G=>ABL. >:B>@0 70:>=G8;8 A2>N @01>BC 8 2<5AB5 A >E@0=>9 AB0;8 2KE>48BL 87 3@>B0. =CB@8 >AB0;8AL B>;L:> M;5:B@><>=B5@K, :>B>@K5 2 A?5H:5 ?@>25@O;8 :0G5AB2> ?@>45;0==>9 @01>BK. 0:;NG5==K5 =5?>4286=> ;560;8 =0 A2>8E <5AB0E. 'C 60;>AB;82> A<>B@5; =0 2KE>4 87 3@>B0. = 2A5 1K >B40; 70 548=AB25==K9 H0=A 2K1@0BLAO >BAN40. 5;L 8AB5@8G5A:8 E>E>B0;. '8 1>4@> >A<0B@820; A2>5 =>2>5 ?@8AB0=8I5. A8=C A<>B@5; 2 =8:C40. 0:>=5F M;5:B@8:8 70:>=G8;8 >A<>B@ ?@>2>4:8 8 ?>:8=C;8 3@>B. "O65;0O <54=0O 425@L 70:@K;0AL 70 =8<8, >B@570O 70:;NG5==KE >B 2=5H=53> <8@0. -;5:B@8:8 2KH;8 87 B>==5;O, 8 >E@0=0 70:@K;0 2B>@CN 425@L. AC645==K5 >:070;8AL 2 ?>;=>9 B5<=>B5. =8 AB0;8 :@8G0BL. C@=0;8AB ?>4A:>G8; : >4=><C 87 M;5:B@8:>2 8 ?>4AC=C; <8:@>D>=: !:>;L:> ;5B >=8 ?@>254CB 745AL?. 01>G89 ?>60; ?;5G0<8 8 =5B5@?5;82> >B25;: / =5 7=0N. @8<5@=> A5<L45AOB G5BK@5 <8;;8>=0. >65B, 1>;LH5. < E20B8B, O 4C<0N. >;CG82 ;0:>=8G=K9 >B25B, 6C@=0;8AB >B?@028;AO =0 ?>8A:8 1>;55 A;>2>>E>B;82>3> G5;>25:0. C;L4>75@K AB0;8 70AK?0BL ?5A:>< 2E>4 2 B>==5;L. A5 45;0;>AL >G5=L BI0B5;L=>, <0H8=K =5 >AB02;O;8 =8 <0;59H59 I5;8. A8=C C65 ?@82K: : B5<=>B5. 8 >48= ;CG8: A25B0 =5 ?@>=8:0; : =8< 2 :0<5@C. ">;L:> C3@N<K9 AB>= 25B@0 =0?><8=0; 8< > 2=5H=5< <8@5.  21 5<;O. @0G=K9 65;BK9 BC<0= >:CBK20; =5A:>;L:> >1C3;82H8EAO 45@52L52. 5;K9 25@B>;5B 0::C@0B=> >?CA:0; 1>;LH>9 F8;8=4@8G5A:89 ?@54<5B. -B> 1K;0 :0?AC;0, 2K:@0H5==0O 2 75;5=K9 F25B. =0 1K;0 ?>GB8 3;04:>9, 5A;8 =5 AG8B0BL =51>;LHCN ?0=5;L C?@02;5=8O A =5A:>;L:8<8 :=>?:0<8. 5A:>;L:> G5;>25:, >45BK5 2 ?@>B82>@048>0:B82=K5 :>ABN<K, AB>O;8 2=87C. 8H @C:>2>48; A?CA:><. ?, :0: 2A5340 =8G53> =5 45;02H89, 2A5-B0:8 ?@8ACBAB2>20; B0<. A<>B@52 C=K;K9 ?59706, >= ?5G0;L=> :>=AB0B8@>20;: 0, 5<;O <5@B20!.  AB>@>=5 AB>O;8 >; 8 548 8=, 45@602H85 4@C3 4@C30 70 @C:8. 548 B8E> 3>2>@8;0: / =8:>340 =5 1K;0 53> ;N1>2=8F59. = 8A?>;L7>20; <5=O 4;O 4>AB865=8O 1>;LH59 ?>?C;O@=>AB8. > >= =8:>340 =5 ;N18; 65=I8=!. >; C;K1=C;AO, >= 1K; =5<=>3> C482;5= MB8< ?@87=0=85<. / A>18@0;0 2A5 3075B=K5 2K@57:8 > 20A, - A:070;0 >=0, A<CI0OAL  8 E@0=8;0 8E ?>4 ?>4CH:>9. ;C?>, ?@0240?!. ;070 >;0 >B:@K;8AL 5I5 H8@5. K A>18@0;8 2K@57:8 >1> <=5?  O =>HC 20HC D>B>3@0D8N 2 A2>5< 1C<06=8:5, - >B25B8; >;, A<CI0OAL 2 A2>N >G5@54L. =8 ?>A<>B@5;8 4@C3 =0 4@C30. "5< 2@5<5=5< A?CA: :0?AC;K 1K; 7025@H5=. 8H =060; =5A:>;L:> :=>?>:, 2:;NG82 :0<5@C 8 70?8AK20NI55 CAB@>9AB2>. >;, B5?5@L B2>O >G5@54L, - A:070; >=, ?>2>@0G820OAL : 4@C3C. >; <O3:> ?@>25; ?0;LF5< ?> <O3:8< 3C10< 548 8=. 5 3;070 1;5AB5;8 A;>2=> 1@8;;80=BK. >;, =5E>BO >B?CA:0O 55 @C:C, ?>4>H5; : :0?AC;5. K ?>AK;05< 20<, =0H8< ?>B><:0<, MBC :0?AC;C A 548=AB25==>9 F5;LN. K 4>;6=K 7=0BL, GB> ?@>87>H;> A 20H59 ?;0=5B>9, 8 ?@54>B2@0B8BL ?>2B>@5=85 ?>4>1=>9 :0B0AB@>DK!. = ?>25; @C:>9 2>:@C3, GB>1K ?>:070BL 2A5, GB> >AB0;>AL >B F25BCI53> <8@0. -B> @57C;LB0BK ?@5>1;040=8O A8;K =04 @07C<><. N48, AB@5<OI85AO : 2;0AB8, 4>AB830NB A2>59 F5;8 ?CB5< C3=5B5=8O 4@C38E, ?>4>1=KE 8< A>?;5<5==8:>2.  8B>35 =0< 3@>7OB C60A=K5 :0B0AB@>DK. >=5G=>, >=3@5AA >BG0AB8 28=>20B 2 B><, GB> 4>?CAB8; B0:8E ;N459 : 2;0AB8. 0H0 7040G0 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB>1K 871560BL D0B0;L=>9 >H81:8. = ?>4=O; 3>;>2C 225@E. @5645, G5< 2K<@5B 2AO =0H0 F828;870F8O, <K 4>;6=K CA?5BL A45;0BL <=>3>5. 0CG8BL =0H8E 45B59 B><C, GB> >=8 2>2A5 =5 682>B=K5, >157>?0A8BL ?>;8F8N, >3@0=8G82 8E ?@020 8 AD5@K 2;8O=8O, C=8GB>68BL B0:CN H0@;0B0=A:CN =0C:C :0: ?A8E80B@8O 8 <=>3>5 4@C3>5. >; ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5; 2 >1J5:B82 :0<5@K, >= 25@8;, GB> :>340-=81C4L 745AL 2>7@>48BAO 687=L. 5 45;09B5 A8;C A2>8< 84>;><! -B> ?>3C18B 20A. H81:8 ?@>H;>3> A>25@H8;8 <K, >H81:8 1C4CI53> ?@8=04;560B 20<!. 5;BK9 25B5@ ?>3=0; BCG8 @048>0:B82=>9 ?K;8, 8 =0 M:@0=5 ?>O28;8AL 15;K5 ?>;>AK. - 5=5@0; 8 53> :>;;530 87 ?>;8F88 BC?> A<>B@5;8 =0 ?CAB>9 M:@0=, :0?AC;0 AB0;0 <54;5==> 70:@K20BLAO.  >:=> 1K; 2845= A>;=5G=K9 0H8=3B>=. =8 2A5 5I5 A845;8 =0 A2>8E <5AB0E. 5=5@0; ?KB0;AO A>1@0BLAO A <KA;O<8. = ?@8:84K20;, GB> 53> >68405B 2 1C4CI5<, 5A;8 ?>;CG5==0O 8=D>@<0F8O AB0=5B 4>AB>O=85< >1I5AB25==>AB8. 3> ?5@545@=C;>. AO 53> <>IL, 53> A8;0... 5B! - >= ?>B@OA 3>;>2>9, GB>1K 871028BLAO >B C60A=>9 :0@B8=K. 0:>=5F, 35=5@0; ?>4=O;AO A> ABC;0. (5D ?>4>H5; : =5<C, >= 4>304K20;AO, GB> MB0 8=D>@<0F8O ?>;CG8B 3@8D !5:@5B=>, => 2 53> 3>;>25 :@CB8;8AL A:0G:8, 5==8 8 C68=. 5=5@0; ?>4>H5; : 425@8, 53> ;8F> 1K;> >701>G5==K<. 420 >= ABC?8; 70 ?>@>3, =0 =53> =0;5B5;8 6C@=0;8ABK, 15A?@5AB0==> I5;:0NI85 D>B>0??0@0B0<8. =8 >A048;8 2KH54H8E AB5=>9 2>?@>A>2. 'B> MB> B0:>5?. >A?>48= 5=5@0;! -B> >AB0B:8 ?@56=59 F828;870F88?. @C385 ?>4E20BK20;8:  <>65B MB> <0H8=0 2@5<5=8?. 5=5@0; A?>:>9=> ?>A<>B@5; =0 AC5BOICNAO B>;?C, >=8 60640;8 >B25B>2. 'B> 6, >=8 ?>;CG0B 8E! = C;K1=C;AO 8 <0E=C; @C:>9, 4>1820OAL B8H8=K. @8402 3>;>AC @0AAB@>5==K9 B>=, 5=5@0; =0G0;: / 4>;65= 20A >3>@G8BL. -B0 =0E>4:0 5ABL =8GB> 8=>5, :0: >AB0B:8 :0:>3>-B> >@C489=>3> A=0@O40. -B> ?@>AB> :CA:8 <5B0;;0. @>AB> <5B0;;. >25@=C2 3>;>2C, >= 70<5B8; E8B@K9 273;O4 H5D0 ?>;8F88. ">B C;K1=C;AO, A;>2=> <>;G0 A>3;0H0;AO A> A;>20<8 5=5@0;0. 8:B> =5 4>;65= C7=0BL... -B> ?@>AB> :CA:8 <5B0;;0.     PAGE  PAGE 7  HYPERLINK "http://diplomukr.com.ua" diplomukr.com.ua - @0<>B=>5 8 :0G5AB25==>5 2K?>;=5=85 2A5E 284>2 =0CG=KE @01>B. !:84:8, >@838=0;L=>ABL, :>=B@>;L ?;0380B0, ?@O<>5 >1I5=85 A 02B>@><. "$>@ "|~ֹع^`fhBDjl"$xz hjnp "jl.0*,vxrt02 h [NHh [U`2@ >P~8J@ L#4'RTDFt v " $ 8:PRNz|  (#*#&&''<)>)//11>4@477"9$999x;z;==H>J>@@@@BB>C@CDDHH2J4JJJLLZM\MNN|O~O6R8R h [hh [ h [NH_4')+- /r01358 :n>>L?NAVKnRTTFVXZ\^_^eimobq8RvTxTTTUU:V\>??BBCCFFHHIIKKKKdLfLMMnOpOPPPPvQxQTTh [ h [NHaZZlxvX !v"%&'F)*H,d-.0H2N384h567:V<|>BCCF.IJ,KxLNOR4UVdYZ[]R_Zalavddei:jNk npoosZxzTTTWWZ Z"^$^>_@___bbhdjdJeLeBgDghhhhii*j,jll~mmnnppvqxqssTtVtuuuu`vbvwwxx||bdƒă\^.0z|LNҏԏ68"$”Ĕ•\^02 h [NHh [azR}ā.z"  "ܧP$fh~@BDFܤޤ8:xz8:\^  lnаҰ24³ijFH24&(8:"$24XZh [ h [NHa\$R8hH 6<t6n\h*P$&24TVjl LNXZ24LNPRxz(*>@    <>LN~XZ f#h#$$jh;U h [NHh [\P(>(  2@V@> "$$$$"$$$($*$.$0$$$ $$$&$*$,$0$2$>$@$B$F$H$T$V$X$Z$\$`$b$d$v$z$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$཮obobohjh9Re0JCJ aJ hjh9Re0JCJ aJ mH sH 4jhjh9ReB* CJ UaJ mH phpsH %hjh9ReB* CJ aJ mH phpsH hjh9ReB* CJ aJ php.jhjh9ReB* CJ UaJ mH phpsH h9Re0JmHnHuh [ h [0Jjh [0JUjh;Uh;&0$B$D$F$\$^$`$%%%%%$a$gd9Re &`#$`h]h&`#$ $$$$,%.%%%%%ʻh [h;h9Re!hjh9ReB*CJ NHaJ phhjh9ReB*CJ aJ ph.jhjh9ReB* CJ UaJ mH phpsH  hjh9Re0JCJ aJ mH sH hjh9Re0JCJ aJ / 0&P . A!S"S#S$S%7 6 00&P P. A!S"S#S$S%7 DyK yK Jhttp://diplomukr.com.ua/yX;H,]ą'c\@\ 1KG=K9$xx`a$CJOJQJ_HmHsHtHZ@Z 03>;>2>: 1$$<@&`a$ 5CJKH<< 03>;>2>: 2$@&CJBA@B A=>2=>9 H@8DB 0170F0\i@\ 1KG=0O B01;8F0 :V 44 la .k@. 5B A?8A:0 <B@< A=>2=>9 B5:ABxFPF A=>2=>9 B5:AB 2$a$CJ.Z@. "5:ABOJQJ@Q@"@ A=>2=>9 B5:AB 3CJ^R@2^ A=>2=>9 B5:AB A >BABC?>< 2 `CJ^SB^ A=>2=>9 B5:AB A >BABC?>< 3 `CJ`CR` A=>2=>9 B5:AB A >BABC?><$`a$CJL>@bL 0720=85$`a$5CJDmH sH uL@rL 5@E=89 :>;>=B8BC;  9r 4)@4 ><5@ AB@0=8FKJ @J 86=89 :>;>=B8BC;  9r JoJ 9Re =0: =0:3CJOJQJ_HmHsHtH:U`: 9Re 8?5@AAK;:0 >*B*phM| N 1N$%&4JKLMT,| Z y,(&k !\"O#C$}&'(()*+a/ 8r:E;M;0>+AACRE|F HoIgJKLwN!OPQSeUU!W)W@XYZ\]5^~_`Ca}bcefhiknosw{Z}8zm܌kid`Uɲ˴͵Ŷ T13+3Z ~ )2{pV6DPw|k$F   v8!) * $$$%F&&S'(*h+m,j-.g01E:I;?1@@CDG9III;JKNePWQ]STuVXYrZZ \@]E^y__i``xaBbd?eHebffgj4klqqrsLt,wyx=z{s}~ǀiӂ%B TϙҞ[ˡ I<ecGȰ>^*6O%=9n_ i0i`#:  f"`K|D   5 po(s,2Z !![#&&(Y)*+8,K-.T/X0p123j44i7789:*;T<=>%>>?NBkC*EFkF(GGHuIJJL}M^NNOPRLSTfUVVWXZ<\` abdfgmiimjlllnpqRu!vrvyvwxy<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{|| |||||00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000@0 @v0l@0 @v0l@0 @v0l@0 @v0l@0D@v@0D@v@0D@v@0@0@0@v@0@0 A@0@v0Xl $pKnV^.>78R6T$$%CGIKLNOQS*&6=tY24'bq*ZCzP0$%DFHJMPRT%E  $K\!!X _Hlt305702449 _Hlt305702477 _Hlt3057156958|9|>||@@@9|:|?||#&+,34=>CDIMST[]B D J K S T ddddhhhh ! fhklHJLM "()-/23:;@AIJ>@CDMNQR\^cdghrs{|CEFG()./02εϵԵյ{{{{{{{||| T([(....-@9@A'A0G7G@HLH/R1RRR[[\\^dgdqq0t4tuu|y~yn{y{||‘ɑ \_prԙܙŚ>@-/RZΠ֠Сѡiknp%1ɥΥݳ{Z_U{{{{{{{{{{{{{|| APw000]111{223a3DDDzWWZ>Z^^"`d`qq rzz {Y>gu 7VcQNn\y 3N  6J=u'' 9'9X9Q!QWQV/V>Vm\\Kr%^{ɩS@} Hag'o!"-<T<BCCqq{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{| |||||{|& [9Re;{{{{{{ |||@(@>|$UnknownG:Ax Times New Roman5Symbol3& :Cx Arial9Garamond?5 :Cx Courier New"1%Mq!gt1^D^Da4dzzI2qHP(?&2EEpdmitrukOh+'0h   $ 0 <HPX`Normal pdmitruk4Microsoft Office Word@G@xhL@@-z^՜.+,D՜.+,0 hp|  Dz'    8@ _PID_HLINKSAlhttp://diplomukr.com.ua/  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~Root Entry F{Data 1TableWWordDocumentiNSummaryInformation(DocumentSummaryInformation8CompObjq  F Microsoft Office Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q