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B> 65 2@5<O =5 A;54C5B C?CA:0BL 87 284C 8 B5>@5B8G5A:8E 4>AB>8=AB2 ?>;5<>;>388, 55 2:;040 2 @07@01>B:C ?@>1;5<0B8:8 2>>@C65==KE :>=D;8:B>2, 8AA;54>20=85 8E ?@8G8= 8 E0@0:B5@0. ;02=>5 65 4;O =0A 2 40==>< A;CG05 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> 2>7=8:=>25=85 ?>;5<>;>388 AK3@0;> 7=0G8B5;L=CN @>;L 2 AB0=>2;5=88, ;538B8<870F88 8 40;L=59H5< @0728B88 A>F8>;>388 <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89, :>B>@0O =0H;0 A2>5 =5?>A@54AB25==>5, ;81> >?>A@54>20==>5 >B@065=85 2 @01>B0E B0:8E 02B>@>2, :0: .-. N@>75;L 8 . >A:, . AA=5@ 8 .-. 0;;C0, (. >@3181 8 $. >@>5D0@3, . #=F8=35@ 8 . 5@;L, . !0<NM;L, . 048 8 .-. !<CF 8 4@., : :>B>@K< <K 1C45< >1@0I0BLAO 2 ?>A;54CNI8E 3;020E.  '/ 1. Hoffmann S. Thorie et relations internationales. // Revue franaise de science politique. 1961, Vol. XI, pp. 26 27. 2. $C:8484. AB>@8O 5;>?>=5AA:>9 2>9=K 2 2>AL<8 :=830E. 5@52>4 A 3@5G5A:>3> $. . 8I5=:> A 53> ?@548A;>285<, ?@8<5G0=8O<8 8 C:070B5;5<. 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Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Which Are the Fairest Theories of All? // International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 33, 1989, p. 256. 41. 59AB28B5;L=>, >BACBAB285 >1J5:B0 2 D878G5A:>< A<KA;5, B.5. :0: >B45;L=> ACI5AB2CNI59 @50;L=>AB8, =5 A2O70==>9 A 4@C38<8 2K@065=8O<8 ?>;8B8G5A:>3> (=0?@8<5@, 2> 2=CB@8>1I5AB25==KE >B=>H5=8OE), E0@0:B5@=> =5 B>;L:> 4;O 564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89, => 8 4;O ?>;8B>;>388 (5A;8 ?>=8<0BL ?>4 =5N 2=CB@8?>;8B8G5A:CN B5>@8N), 8 4;O M:>=><8:8. -B> ?>4G5@:820; C65 . @>= (A<. Paix et Guerre entre les nations, p. 16). ">G=> B0: 65 4C0;87< ?>;8B8G5A:>9 M:>=><88, 55 @07@K2 <564C <>=5B0@87<>< 8 :59=A80=AB2>< (=0 01A>;NB=CN 8AB8==>ABL =5 <>65B ?@5B5=4>20BL =8 B>, =8 4@C3>5 87 MB8E =0?@02;5=89 70?04=>9 M:>=><8G5A:>9 <KA;8, 0 8E G5@54>20=85 2 ?@0:B8:5 M:>=><8G5A:>9 687=8 45<>=AB@8@C5B :0: ?@58<CI5AB20, B0: 8 O2=K5 87JO=K, A2>9AB25==K5 >1>8< ?>4E>40<) C:07K205B =0 B>, GB> AB@0187< 564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89 =5 O2;O5BAO A2845B5;LAB2>< 55 8=20;84=>AB8. 73 ;020 III.   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B> 65 2@5<O >4=> 87 3;>10;L=KE =0?@02;5=89 C:070==KE B5=45=F89, ?@>A<0B@820NI55AO 87 3;C18=K 25:>2 8 254CI55 : =0@0AB0=8N 2708<>7028A8<>AB8 <8@0, 405B >A=>20=85 ?@54AB028BL <564C=0@>4=K5 >B=>H5=8O 2 2845 F5;>AB=>9 A8AB5<K, DC=:F8>=8@>20=85 :>B>@>9 7028A8B :0: >B 70:>=>2 >1I5A8AB5<=>3> E0@0:B5@0, B0: 8 >B >A>15==>AB59 40==>3> B8?0 A8AB5<. 0AA<>B@5=8N MB>3> 2>?@>A0 8 ?>A2OI5=0 A;54CNI0O 3;020. 124  '/ 1. =O7520 . ., C@4N<>2 !. . !8=5@35B8:0 :0: =>2>5 <8@>2845=85: 480;>3 A ;L59 @83>68=K< // >?@>AK D8;>A>D88. 1992, ! 12. 2. Rassett ., Starr H. World Politics, Menu for Choice.  San Francisco, 1981, p. 51. 3. Aron R., Sociologie des relations internationales. // Revue franaise de sociologie. 1963, Vol. IV, no 3, p. 312; 321. 4. Huntzinger J. Introduction aux relations internationales.  Paris, 1987, p. 16. 5. Duroselle J.-B. Tout empire prira. Une vision thorique des relations internationales.  Paris, 1982. 6. Badie ., Smouts M.-C. Le retournement du monde. Sociologie de la scene internationale.  Paris, 1992, p. 237 240. 7. Rosenau J. Turbulence in World Politics: A Theorie of Change and Continuity.  Princeton, 1990. 8. >75=0C 6. 8@>20O ?>;8B8:0 2 42865=88. "5>@8O 87<5=5=89 8 ?@55<AB25==>AB8. 5D5@0B.  ., 1992, A. 6 7. 9. Moreau Defarges Ph. Les relations internationales dans le monde d'aujourd'hui. Entre globalisation et fragmentation.  Paris, 1992, p. 9; 10 11. 10. Samuel A Nouveau paysage international.  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Paris, 1990. 20. !8AB5<0, AB@C:BC@0 8 ?@>F5AA @0728B8O A>2@5<5==KE <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89 / >4 @54. . . 0=B<0=0. - ., 1984, A. 35. 21. >@H=52 . $. $@0=F8O, =3;89A:0O @52>;NF8O 8 52@>?59A:0O ?>;8B8:0 2 A5@548=5 XVII 25:0.  ., 1970, A. 10. 146 ;020 VI. !  !!"+ # +% "( 0: <K C65 2845;8, AB@C:BC@0 5ABL A>2>:C?=>ABL 2>7459AB289, :>B>@K5 A8AB5<0 >:07K205B =0 A2>8 M;5<5=BK. 4=0:> 1>;LH8=AB2> 2>7459AB289, 8;8 ?@8=C645=89, 2KB5:05B =5 87 ACI5AB2>20=8O A8AB5<K :0: B0:>2>9, 0 87 >B=>H5=89 <564C =59 8 55 A@54>9. >=OB85 A@54K  >4=> 87 DC=40<5=B0;L=KE ?>=OB89 A8AB5<=>3> 0=0;870. => 8<55B 206=>5 <5B>4>;>38G5A:>5 7=0G5=85, ?><>30O COA=8BL DC=:F8>=8@>20=85 A8AB5<K 8 55 M2>;NF8N. >B ?>G5<C C65 >48= 87 >A=>20B5;59 A8AB5<=>3> 0=0;870 ?@8<5=8B5;L=> : ?>;8B8G5A:8< =0C:0<, M284 AB>=, 5I5 2 ?OB845AOBK5 3>4K >1@0I0; 2=8<0=85 =0 B>, GB> ?>;8B8G5A:0O A8AB5<0 8A?KBK205B 2;8O=85 >?@545;5==KE 2=5H=8E 8<?C;LA>2, 84CI8E >B >1I5AB20, :>B>@K5 2>7459AB2CNB =0 =55 2 2845 B@51>20=89 8 ?>445@65:, >15A?5G820O 55 15A?5@51>9=>5 DC=:F8>=8@>20=85 (1).  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Questions mondiales.  Paris, 1992, p. 378. 23. Harkavy R. Great Power Competition for Overseas Dases. The Geopolitics of Access Diplomacy.  New York, 1982, p. 274. 24. 5:F8O 1K;0 ?@>G8B0=0 2> D@0=FC7A:>< :>;;5465 # 2 =>O1@5 1992 3>40. 25. !<. >1 MB><: ;820:>2A:89 . !F5=0@89 0B;0=B8AB>2. 5=L, 03.04.1993. 167 ;020 VII. #'!" # +% "( 081>;55 C?>B@518B5;L=K< B5@<8=><, :>B>@K< 2 =0C:5 > <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=8OE ?@8=OB> >1>7=0G0BL CG0AB=8:>2 2708<>459AB28O =0 <8@>2>9 0@5=5, O2;O5BAO B5@<8= 0:B>@.  @CAA:>< ?5@52>45 >= 72CG0; 1K :0: 0:B5@.  459AB28B5;L=>, =5:>B>@K5 70@C156=K5 02B>@K 8=>340 =0?><8=0NB >1 MB>< 53> 7=0G5=88. 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A=>2>9 B0:>3> A1;865=8O O2;O5BAO B>, GB> 2 >1>8E A;CG0OE @5GL 845B > 70I8B5 DC=40<5=B0;L=KE, 5AB5AB25==KE ?@02 ;N459  ?@025 =0 =>@<0;L=K5 CA;>28O ACI5AB2>20=8O, =0 A>E@0=5=85 74>@>2LO, =0 A0<C 687=L. ! 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, 2 >1>8E A;CG0OE @5GL 845B > AB>;:=>25=88 A B0:8< :;0AA8G5A:8< ?@8=F8?>< <564C=0@>4=>3> ?@020, :0: ?@8=F8? 3>AC40@AB25==>3> AC25@5=8B5B0, 70?@5I0NI89 ;N1>5 2<5H0B5;LAB2> 2> 2=CB@5==85 45;0 3>AC40@AB20 8 45;0NI89 87 3>AC40@AB25==KE 3@0=8F =0AB>OI89 >?;>B, :>B>@K9 =8 ?@8 :0:8E >1AB>OB5;LAB20E =5 <>65B 1KBL =0@CH5= 157 A>3;0A8O 3>AC40@AB20. @>1;5<0 ?@020 =0 2<5H0B5;LAB2> 8725AB=0 5I5 A XVI 2., :>340 B5>;>38 $. 45 8B>@8O, 0 70B5< $. !C0@5A ?>4=8<0NB 2>?@>A >1 >B25BAB25==>AB8 E@8AB80=AB20 ?> >B=>H5=8N : ;N1><C G5;>25:C :0: B2>@5=8N >30, G;5=C 548=>9 2 ?>;8B8G5A:>< 8 <>@0;L=>< >B=>H5=88 G5;>25G5A:>9 >1I=>AB8.  <564C=0@>4=>-?@02>2CN ?@0:B8:C >=0 ?@>=8:05B, =0G8=0O A :>=F0 XIX 2., :>340 70:;NG0NBAO ?5@2K5 4>3>2>@K, :0A0NI85AO >1@0I5=8O A 2>5==>?;5==K<8, 70?@5I5=8O =5:>B>@KE 284>2 2>>@C65=89, <8AA88 @0A=>3> :@5AB0 8 B. ?. 4=0:> 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K MB0 ?@>1;5<0 ?@8>1@5B05B :0G5AB25==> =>2>5 87<5@5=85. >-?5@2KE, 1K;> :>=:@5B878@>20=> ?>;5 ?@8<5=5=8O 3C<0=8B0@=>3> ?@020, 2 :>B>@>5 2E>4OB A8BC0F88 B@5E B8?>2: ?@8@>4=K5 :0B0AB@>DK; <0AA>2K5 ?>;8B8G5A:85 @5?@5AA88; M:>;>38G5A:85 154AB28O. >-2B>@KE, 2?5@2K5 2 <564C=0@>4=>< ?@025 ?@8=8<05BAO ?@8=F8? A2>1>4=>3> 4>ABC?0 : 65@B20<  4>ABC?0 4;O A?0A0B5;59, ?@54AB028B5 218 ;59 @0A=>3> :@5AB0, >@30=870F89 8 A8AB5< , 5@E>2=>3> :><8AA0@80B0 ?> 45;0< 1565=F52, $>=40 45B59 8 4@C38E <56?@028B5;LAB25==KE 8 =5?@028B5;LAB25==KE (=0?@8<5@, @0G8 157 3@0=8F) >@30=870F89. "0:, 2 A2O78 A 75<;5B@OA5=85< 2 @<5=88, 8 45:01@O 1988 3. 5=5@0;L=0O 0AA0<1;5O  ?@8=8<05B @57>;NF8N 43/131. >4B25@640O ?@8=F8? 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A=>2=>9 @53C;OB>@ 2 A>1;N45=88 =@02AB25==KE =>@< <564C=0@>4=>3> ?>2545=8O  <8@>2>5 >1I5AB25==>5 <=5=85, ?@8G5< 53> 2;8O=85 =0 CG0AB=8:0 <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89 <>65B >:070BLAO 1>;55 MDD5:B82=K<, G5< 2>7459AB285 <564C=0@>4=>3> ?@020.  B> 65 2@5<O A?5F8D8:0 <564C=0@>4=>3> ?@020 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> 2 >B;8G85 >B 2=CB@83>AC40@AB25==>3> 70:>=>40B5;LAB20, 53> =>@<K =>AOB, :0: ?@028;>, @5:><5=40B5;L=K9 E0@0:B5@, ?@8<5=ONBAO A A>3;0A8O 53> AC1J5:B>2. !;CG08 >1O70B5;L=>3> 8 =0A8;LAB25==>3> ?@8<5=5=8O =>@< <564C=0@>4=>3> ?@020 >B=>A8B5;L=> @54:8 8 2A5340 2K7K20NB ?@>1;5<K. 07;8G8O <564C=0@>4=>-?@02>2KE 8 <>@0;L=KE =>@< <>3CB A;C68BL 8AB>G=8:>< 2>7=8:=>25=8O ?@>B82>@5G89 <564C =8<8 (A<. >1 MB><: 2, A. 73 75). -B> =5 >B<5=O5B 8E 548=AB20 8 2708<>459AB28O :0: @53C;OB>@>2 A8AB5<K <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89 8 2<5AB5 A B5< B@51C5B 3;C1>:>3> ?>=8<0=8O >A>15==>AB59, :>B>@K5 ?@8ACI8 :064><C 87 =8E.  40==>9 A2O78 =5>1E>48<> >AB0=>28BLAO =0 A?5F8D8:5 MB8G5A:>3> 87<5@5=8O <564C=0@>4=KE >B=>H5=89. 223  '/ 1. !?0AA:89 .. >2>5 <KH;5=85 ?>-0<5@8:0=A:8 // 8@>20O M:>=><8:0 8 <564C=0@>4=K5 >B=>H5=8O. 1991, ! 12, A. 20; <8B@8520 . . >@0;L 8 <564C=0@>4=>5 ?@02>.  ., 1991, A. 10. 2. >@BC=>2 . 50;87< 8 <>@0;L 2 ?>;8B8:5 // @>@K2. !B0=>2;5=85 =>2>3> ?>;8B8G5A:>3> <KH;5=8O.  ., 1988, A. 193 194; >74=O:>2 -. . 8@>2>9 A>F80;L=K9 ?@>3@5AA: <8DK 8 @50;L=>ABL //8@>20O M:>=><8:0 8 <564C=0@>4=K5 >B=>H5=8O. 1989, ! 11, A. 56. 3. 0:8025;;8 . >AC40@L.  ., 1990, A. 52. 4. 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