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c) 740B5;LAB2> @><5B59, 2000 ISBN 966-7160-01-07 (c) C78=0 . ., 2000 [1] 075B0 ><C=i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iA;i =0?i2;5602 7<>@5=89 :>@>;L i@, 0 =0 =L><C  1C:20;L=> =0 =L><C  1C2 "0@0A @83>@>28G; A;L>78 3@04>< :>B8;8AO 7 9>3> >G59, 7402;5=8< 3>;>A>< 2i= H5?>Bi2 C@82G0ABi ?0;:i A;>20 >1C@5==O i 70E>?;5==O, ?>:@820NG8 ?>Fi;C=:0<8 @>7<0;L>20=5 >;i9=>N D0@1>N >1;8GGO, @C:8 9 ?;5Gi 25;8:>3> 0:B>@0& &8B. ?> :=. !?>3048 ?@> "0@0A0 (52G5=:0, 8W2, 1982. [5] 5@>OB=>, 2 D@075 N459& =5 =53@i2 2A5-B0:8 >B@078;8AL >B3>;>A:8 B>340H=8E =0CG=KE A?>@>2, >?CAB82H8EAO =0 1KB>2>9 C@>25=L. ?;>BL 4> XIX 25:0 =5:>B>@K5 52@>?59A:85 CG5=K5 >B:07K20;8AL ?@8G8A;OBL G5@=>:>68E : B><C 65 284C, GB> 8 15;K5. BAN40 B5@<8= <C;0B, >1@07>20==K9 ?> 0=0;>388 A> A;>2>< <C;. >B><AB2> 15;>3> 8 =53@8BO=:8 >H81>G=> AG8B0;8 B0:8< 65 15A?;>4=K<, :0: ?><5AL >A;0 8 :>1K;K. [6] 8AL<> >B /. . CE0@5=:>, 25 <0O 1845 3. [7] >4@>1=55 2 :=835: <8B@> i;89 0;8=>289 :;8=. 0@8A8 iAB>@iW C:@0W=Fi2 C10=i, 8W2, 1994 @. [8] 8AL<> !. !. C;0:-@B5<>2A:><C, 15 8N;O 1853 3. [9] !?>3048 ?@> "0@0A0 (52G5=:0, 8W2, 1982, A. 30 [10] B@K2:8 87 2>A?><8=0=89 . 0@B>A0 ?><5I5=K 2> 2B>@>< @0745;5 MB>9 :=838. [11] !?>3048 ?@> "0@0A0 (52G5=:0, 8W2, 1982, A. 337 [12] "0< 65, A. 341 [13] > >?8A8 1845 3>40 2 8@8;;>2A:>< 8<5=88 -=35;L30@4B0 7=0G8;>AL 29 H8=:>2 8 ?>AB>O;KE 42>@>2 (!), :C40, 2 >B;8G85 >B 10@I8=K, A8;>9 <C68:>2 =8:B> =5 703>=O;. [14] "0@0A @83>@L528G (52G5=:> ?> 2>A?><8=0=8O< @07=KE ;8F, 852A:0O AB0@8=0, 1882, B. IV. [15] $5>D0= 51548=F52 (>1>40), 8<>;5B=>5 7=0:><AB2> <>5 A ". . (52G5=:><, 852A:0O AB0@8=0, 1887, !2. [16] H. . >28F:89. 0 !K@-0@L5 C @>B=>3> :><0=48@0. 852A:0O AB0@8=0. 1889, !3. [17] "0< 65. [18] ". . (52G5=:>. @>3C;:0 A C4>2>;LAB285< 8 =5 157 <>@0;8. [19] ?8AL 8<CI5AB20 "0@0A0 (52G5=:>, >?8A0==>3> ?> ?@54?8A0=8N 1-3> 45?0@B0<5=B0 C?@02K 1;03>G8=8O, >B 14 <0@B0 1861 3>40 70 ! 4614, ?> A;CG0N A<5@B8 (52G5=:>. [20] 0B0;:0 >;B02:0. !?><8=8 ?@> ". (52G5=:0.  :=. !?>3048 ?@> "0@0A0 (52G5=:0. 8W2, 1982. [21] #?><O=CBK9 M?87>4 >B=>A8BAO : 1768 3., ?0<OB=><C >;882I8=>9. 0;=KH52A:89 =5 B>;L:> 1560;, ?5@5>452H8AL <>=0E>< 2 >2>A5G5=A:89 @5B@0=H5<5=B, 345 AB>O; @CAA:89 30@=87>=, => 8, 25@=C2H8AL, ?>425@3 :>;K15;L 2>;L=>AB8 0@B8;;5@89A:>9 1><10@48@>2:5. #:@08=A:85 8AB>@8:8 ?>G5<C-B> =5 ?>?@5:0NB :>H52>3> 70 53> H0;>AB8, ?@54?>G8B0O >BK3@K20BLAO =0 F0@A:>< 35=5@0;5 "5:5;85, ;8:2848@>202H8< !5GL ?>-4><0H=5<C, 157 548=>3> 2KAB@5;0. [22] !;5?8BL 87 0;=KH52A:>3> >G5@54=>3> 35@>O =5 C40;>AL ?@8 2A5< AB0@0=88. 0 !5G8 53> =5 ;N18;8 70 ?@82KG:C 2K4020BL ?>;8B8G5A:8E ?@>B82=8:>2 =0 @0A?@02C F0@A:><C ?@028B5;LAB2C 8 <0E;520=85 A =>@<0<8 :070F:>9 45<>:@0B88. #:@08=A:89 8AB>@8: 4@80= 0I5=:> 4065 70<5B8; :0:-B>, GB> =0 !B0@>9 !5G8 B0:>3> :>H52>3> 2:8=C;8 1 C @iG:C. 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