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B0:85 >A<>B@K =5 1K;8 ?@54CA<>B@5=K, 8 A@54AB2 =0 =8E @50;L=> =5 2K45;O;>AL. -B> A@07C A:070;>AL =0 74>@>2L5 =0A5;5=8O, GB> :@0A=>@5G82> ?>:07K205B 701>;5205<>ABL BC15@:C;57><.  >AC40@AB25==>< 4>:;045  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 2 1992 3. 3>2>@8BAO: >AB 701>;5205<>AB8 =01;N405BAO ?@8 7=0G8B5;L=>< 8 ?>GB8 ?>2A5<5AB=>< A>:@0I5=88 >E20B0 =0A5;5=8O ?@>D8;0:B8G5A:8<8 >1A;54>20=8O<8 =0 BC15@:C;57; ?>A;54=55 2 7=0G8B5;L=>9 <5@5 >1JOA=O5BAO 4>@>3>287=>9 8 ?5@51>O<8 2 A=0165=88 @5=B35=>D;N>@>3@0D8G5A:>9 ?;5=:>9, @50:B820<8, 10:?@5?0@0B0<8, <548=AB@C<5=B0@85<...  1992 3. ?>;>65=85 A 2KO2;5=85< BC15@:C;570 CAC3C18;>AL 2 A2O78 A B5<, GB> 2A5 284K ?@>D>A<>B@>2, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 =0 BC15@:C;57, AB0;8 >ACI5AB2;OBLAO =5 87 A@54AB2 3>A1N465B0, 0 70 AG5B ?@54?@8OB89, CG@5645=89 8 ;8G=KE A@54AB2 3@0640=.  CA;>28OE A=865=8O C@>2=O 687=8 =0A5;5=8O... 2>7=8:05B @50;L=0O C3@>70 M?845<8G5A:8E 2A?KH5: BC15@:C;570 =0 @07;8G=KE B5@@8B>@8OE AB@0=K. <5AB5 A B5<, 87-70 =54>AB0B>G=>3> D8=0=A8@>20=8O G5B:> >B;065==0O 8 MDD5:B82=> ?@>2>48<0O @0=55 A8AB5<0 F5=B@0;87>20==>3> C?@02;5=8O 8 :>=B@>;O 70 45OB5;L=>ABLN BC15@:C;57=KE CG@5645=89 2 G0AB8 ?@>D8;0:B8:8, 2KO2;5=8O, 4803=>AB8:8 8 ;5G5=8O BC15@:C;570 ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?5@5AB05B DC=:F8>=8@>20BL. E20B =0A5;5=8O >A<>B@0<8 =0 2KO2;5=85 1>;L=KE BC15@:C;57>< A>AB02;O; 2 1985 3. 75,4%, 0 2 1999 3., :>340 ?>B@51=>ABL 2 =5< @57:> 2>7@>A;0, >= A=878;AO 4> 56,9%. @0A=>@5G82K< A>F80;L=K< @57C;LB0B>< @5D>@<K AB0;0 =51K20;0O 2A?KH:0 701>;5205<>AB8 25=5@8G5A:8<8 1>;57=O<8. "0:, 701>;5205<>ABL A8D8;8A>< 2K@>A;0 A 1990 ?> 1997 3. 2 50 @07. 0B5< >=0 ?>H;0 =0 C1K;L, => 2A5 @02=> >AB05BAO =0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2KA>:>< C@>2=5.  >AC40@AB25==>< 4>:;045 70 1999 3. 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"8?8G=K< ?@8<5@>< O2;O5BAO 48=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 >4=>3> 87 284>2 <548F8=A:>9 B5E=8:8  =0@:>7=> 4KE0B5;L=KE 0??0@0B>2 (@8A. 1-11). >GB8 2 10 @07 A>:@0B8;>AL 8 ?@>872>4AB2> M;5:B@>:0@48>3@0D>2. !5<LO, <0B5@8=AB2>, 45BAB2> 5D>@<0 =0=5A;0 BO65;K9 C40@ ?> A5<L5. 57:>5 >154=5=85, 157@01>B8F0, 2K=C645==0O <83@0F8O 8 CB@0B0 687=5==KE >@85=B8@>2 ?>4>@20;8 M:>=><8G5A:85 8 :C;LBC@=K5 >A=>20=8O A5<L8. -B0 @50:F8O =0 @5D>@<C 1K;0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 1KAB@>9. 0 1000 =0A5;5=8O 2 1987 3. 1K;> 70:;NG5=> 9,9 1@0:>2, 2 1990 3. 8,9, 0 C65 2 1992 3. 2A53> 7,1.  2000 3. G8A;> 70:;NG5==KE 1@0:>2 =0 1000 =0A5;5=8O A>AB028;> 6,2. > 3;02=K9 ?>:070B5;L  MB> ?@52KH5=85 G8A;0 1@0:>2 =04 G8A;>< @072>4>2. 0 1000 =0A5;5=8O >= A>AB02;O; 5,9 2 1987 3., 5,1 2 1990 3., 4,6 2 1991 3. 8 B>;L:> 2,8 2 1992 3. I5 1>;55 =87:>3> C@>2=O MB>B ?>:070B5;L 4>AB83 2 1998 3., :>340 G8A;> 70:;NG5==KE 1@0:>2 =0 1000 =0A5;5=8O 2A53> =0 2,4 ?@52KA8;> G8A;> @072>4>2.  2000 3. 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C@>25=L 45BA:>9 8=20;84=>AB8 A>AB028; 205,6 =0 10 BKA. 45B59 2 2>7@0AB5 4> 16 ;5B (1997 3.  160,7; 1998 3.  199,3). "0:8< >1@07><, ?@>87>H;> ?OB8:@0B=>5 C25;8G5=85 C@>2=O 45BA:>9 8=20;84=>AB8: 2 1990 3. 2 !$!  =0 10 BKA. 45B59 1K;> 43,1 8=20;84>2. @82545< 5I5 =5:>B>@K5 2K45@6:8 87 F8B8@C5<>3> 4>:;040 > A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO: '8A;> 74>@>2KE 4>H:>;L=8:>2 70 ?>A;54=85 3>4K C<5=LH8;>AL 2 5 @07, 8 ?@8 ?>ABC?;5=88 2 H:>;C 8E :>;8G5AB2> =5 ?@52KH05B 10%... B<5G5=> C25;8G5=85 4> 26,5% 45B59 A 48A30@<>=8G5A:8< 8 @57:> 48A30@<>=8G5A:8< @0728B85<. 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A=>2=>5 :>;8G5AB2> 701>;52H8E D>@<8@CNB ?>4@>AB:8 8 ;8F0 20-29 ;5B... ! 1997 3. =0 =5:>B>@KE B5@@8B>@8OE AB@0=K >B<5G05BAO 8=B5=A82=>5 2>2;5G5=85 2 M?845<8G5A:89 ?@>F5AA H:>;L=8:>2 11 14 ;5B. >1028<, GB> =5C?>@O4>G5==K5 A5:AC0;L=K5 :>=B0:BK C ?>4@>AB:>2 2K720;8 @>AB =5 B>;L:> 701>;5205<>AB8 35?0B8B>< , => 8 25=5@8G5A:8<8 1>;57=O<8, 2 B>< G8A;5 A8D8;8A><.  1997 3. 1K;> 2KO2;5=> 1>;55 2 BKA. 452>G5: 4> 14 ;5B, 701>;52H8E A8D8;8A><,  2 144 @070 1>;LH5, G5< 2 1990 3. 8=0<8:0 701>;5205<>AB8 ?>4@>AB:>2 ?>:070=0 =0 @8A. 1-13. 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A@02=5=88 A 1997 3. 701>;5205<>ABL =>2>@>645==KE C25;8G8;0AL =0 15,8% (A5?A8A><  =0 40,5%)... 8=0<8:0 MB8E ?@>F5AA>2 40=0 =0 @8A. 1-14. >:;04 D8:A8@C5B 206=K9 D0:B: !:;04K20NI89AO 154=K9 B8? ?8B0=8O ?@82>48B : 2>7@0AB0=8N G0AB>BK 15;:>2>-:0;>@89=>9 =54>AB0B>G=>AB8, ?@>O2;ONI59AO C 45B59 8 ?>4@>AB:>2 A=865=85< <0AAK B5;0 8 =87:8<8 @>AB>2K<8 ?>:070B5;O<8. 5;> =5 B>;L:> 2 <0AA5 B5;0 8 @>AB5  =5E20B:0 15;:0 =0=>A8B C40@ ?> 2A5< D878>;>38G5A:8< A8AB5<0< >@30=87<0 8 ?> C<AB25==><C @0728B8N G5;>25:0. 4=>9 87 206=KE ?@8G8= CEC4H5=8O 74>@>2LO 45B59 2 $ AB0; B>B D0:B, GB> @5D>@<0 ?>4>@20;0 8 G0AB8G=> @07@CH8;0 A>740==CN 2 70-80-5 3>4K 2 !$!  A8AB5<C ?@>872>4AB20 8 @0A?@545;5=8O A?5F80;L=KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O 4;O 45B59 @0==53> 2>7@0AB0.  B> 65 2@5<O @57:>5 CEC4H5=85 A>F80;L=KE CA;>289 1>;LH8=AB20 <0B5@59 ?@825;> : B><C, GB> 7=0G8B5;L=> A>:@0B8;>AL 3@C4=>5 2A:0@<;820=85.  1999 3. 4>;O 45B59 2 2>7@0AB5 4> 3 <5AOF52, =0E>4OI8EAO =0 3@C4=>< 2A:0@<;820=88, A>AB028;0 2A53> 41,9%, 0 45B59 2 2>7@0AB5 4> 6 <5AOF52  27,6%.  >AC40@AB25==>< 4>:;045  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA88 A:070=>: 8B0=85 45B59 @0==53> 2>7@0AB0 O2;O5BAO >4=8< 87 :;NG52KE D0:B>@>2, >?@545;ONI8E 045:20B=K9 @>AB 8 @0728B85 45B59, 8E CAB>9G82>ABL : 459AB28N =51;03>?@8OB=KE 2=5H=8E D0:B>@>2. 0@CH5=8O ?8B0=8O 2 @0==5< 45BA:>< 2>7@0AB5 >:07K20NB =51;03>?@8OB=>5 2;8O=85 =0 A>AB>O=85 74>@>2LO =5 B>;L:> 2 ?5@2K5 3>4K 687=8, => 8 2 ?>A;54CNI85 2>7@0AB=K5 ?5@8>4K&  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O 2 8A:CAAB25==>< 2A:0@<;820=88 ?>;=>ABLN 8;8 G0AB8G=> =C640NBAO 60-70% 45B59 ?5@2>3> 3>40 687=8...  CA;>28OE A=860NI59AO ?;0B565A?>A>1=>AB8 =0A5;5=8O <=>385 284K 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O AB0;8 =54>ABC?=K<8 4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 ?>B@518B5;59. !=865=85 ?>B@51;5=8O ?@>4C:B>2 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O ?>4B25@6405BAO AB0B8AB8:>9 :0: 8E ?@>872>4AB20, B0: 8 8<?>@B0.  >AC40@AB25==>< 4>:;045  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA88 ?@82545=K B0:85 40==K5. <?>@B 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O 2 1999 3. A>:@0B8;AO ?> A@02=5=8N A 1998 3. 2 420 @070, ?@8 MB>< F5=K =0 8<?>@B=K5 ?@>4C:BK @57:> 2K@>A;8.  B> 65 2@5<O >B5G5AB25==K9 2K?CA: ?@>4C:B>2 4;O 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O A>AB028;, ?> @07=K< 2840< ?@>4C:B>2, B>;L:> >B 16 4> 21% >B ?>B@51=>AB8. "0:8< >1@07><, ACI5AB25==0O G0ABL 45B59 @0==53> 2>7@0AB0 1K;0 ;8H5=0 =5>1E>48<KE 8< ?@>4C:B>2. A5, >4=0:>, ?><=OB, GB> A>2A5< =5402=>, 2 1990 3>4C, 2 B>@3>2;5 5I5 ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 1K;> 8<?>@B=KE ?@>4C:B>2 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O, @>6405<>ABL 1K;0 ?@8<5@=> 242>5 2KH5, G5< A53>4=O, >4=0:> 45B8 2 F5;>< =>@<0;L=> ?8B0;8AL. 01>;520=89 8 45D5:B>2 @0728B8O, 2K720==KE 154=K< B8?>< ?8B0=8O, C =8E =5 =01;N40;>AL. @8G8=0 2 B><, GB> >B5G5AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O ?> ?@>872>4AB2C 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O 1K;8 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ?@820B878@>20=K 8 MB8 ?@>4C:BK, :0: <0;>@5=B015;L=K5, A=OBK A ?@>872>4AB20. >B GB> ?@>87>H;>, =0?@8<5@, A ?@>872>4AB2>< ACE>3> 70<5=8B5;O <>;>:0, 2K?CA: :>B>@>3> A>:@0B8;AO ?>GB8 2 60 @07 (@8A. 1-15): 57:89 A?04 8<5; <5AB> 8 2 ?@>872>4AB25 <>;>G=KE A<5A59 4;O <;045=F52. -B> 284=> =0 @8A. 1-16. CGH5 >1AB>8B 45;> 2 ?@>872>4AB25 684:8E 8 ?0AB>>1@07=KE <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 4;O 45B59 @0==53> 2>7@0AB0.  A>>B25BAB288 A D545@0;L=>9 F5;52>9 ?@>3@0<<>9 0728B85 8=4CAB@88 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O 1K;8 ?>AB@>5=K 702>4K, >15A?5G82H85 ?>B@51=>AB8 @O40 @538>=>2.  1990 3. B0:8E ?@>4C:B>2 2K?CA:0;>AL 53,1 BKA. B, 0 2 1997 3. 62,5 BKA. B.  1999 2001 33. 8E 2K?CA: C25;8G820;AO. @>872>4AB2> ACE8E ?@>4C:B>2 4;O 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O =0 7;0:>2>9 >A=>25 1K;> 2 3>4K @5D>@<K ?>GB8 >AB0=>2;5=>, =>, AC4O ?> A>>1I5=8O< 8=74@020 $, A 1999 3. AB0;> 2>7@>640BLAO =0 =>2KE ?@54?@8OB8OE. 8=0<8:0 8E ?@>872>4AB20 2?;>BL 4> 1997 3. 40=0 =0 @8A. 1-17. ! ?@>872>4AB2>< 4@C3>9 >1O70B5;L=>9 A>AB02=>9 G0AB8 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O, <OA=KE :>=A5@2>2, 45;> >1AB>8B ?;>E>. !B0@>5 ?@>872>4AB2> A8;L=> A>:@0B8;>AL, 0 =0 =>2KE ?@54?@8OB8OE, AC4O ?> 4>:;04C 8=74@020 $, 8E 2K?CA: 4> 2000 3. =5 1K; =0;065=. 8=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 1-18. 57:>5 A=865=85 2>7<>6=>AB59 ?>B@51;5=8O 2 <0AA>2>< <0AHB015 ?@>4C:B>2 45BA:>3> ?8B0=8O CAC3C18;>AL CEC4H5=85< >1I5AB25==>3> ?8B0=8O 2 H:>;0E.  >AC40@AB25==>< 4>:;045  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA88 (2000 3.) 3>2>@8BAO: 5 C;CGH05BAO ?>;>65=85 45; A >@30=870F859 ?8B0=8O 45B59, ?>A5I0NI8E 4>H:>;L=K5 CG@5645=8O 8 H:>;K. E20B H:>;L=8:>2 3>@OG8< ?8B0=85< 2 1>;LH8=AB25 AC1J5:B>2 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 A>:@0B8;AO =0 20-30%. 0F8>=K ?8B0=8O >15A?5G820NB ?>B@51=>ABL 45BA:>3> >@30=87<0 2 M=5@388 8 15;:0E B>;L:> =00-90%, 2 28B0<8=0E  =0 20-40%. !>:@0I05BAO 25A 8 >1J5< >B?CA:05<KE 1;N4. @5:@0I5=0 28B0<8=870F8O 3>B>2KE 1;N4. 5 @5H0NBAO 2>?@>AK >15A?5G5=8O 45BA:8E 8 ?>4@>AB:>2KE CG@5645=89 9>48@>20==>9 A>;LN... 7-70 >BACBAB28O A@54AB2 2> <=>38E H:>;0E >@30=87>20=> ;8HL G05?8B85. 865 @0AA<>B@8< 2>7459AB285 @5D>@<K =0 3;02=>5 CA;>285 687=5>15A?5G5=8O ;N459  8E ?8B0=85. 0745; 2. @>872>4AB2> 8 ?>B@51;5=85 ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O 2 $ AB>G=8:8: !B0B8AB8G5A:85 5653>4=8:8 0@>4=>5 E>7O9AB2> !$! . &!# !$! , >A:><AB0B !$! . >A:20. >AA89A:89 AB0B8AB8G5A:89 5653>4=8:. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: 3@>?@><KH;5==K9 :><?;5:A >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1993. !B0B8AB8G5A:85 A1>@=8:8 !5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 2 >AA88. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1998; 2000. !B0B8AB8G5A:85 A1>@=8:8 ">@3>2;O 2 >AA88. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1998, 1999. !B0B8AB8G5A:85 A1>@=8:8 &5=K 2 >AA88. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1998, 2000. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: @0B:>A@>G=K5 M:>=><8G5A:85 ?>:070B5;8 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88, >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20, 0?@5;L 2002. =D>@<0F8>==>-0=0;8B8G5A:89 A1>@=8: 5:>B>@K5 ?@>1;5<K A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 70@C156=KE AB@0=.  8=D>@<0F88 8 B5E=8:>-M:>=><8G5A:8E 8AA;54>20=89 03@>?@><KH;5==>3> :><?;5:A0. >A:20. 1989. >AC40@AB25==K9 4>:;04  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 2 1992 3>4C. 8=8AB5@AB2> 74@02>>E@0=5=8O $ 8 >AA89A:0O :045<8O <548F8=A:8E =0C:. >A:20, 1993. >AC40@AB25==K9 4>:;04  A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 2 1999 3.. 8=8AB5@AB2> 74@02>>E@0=5=8O $ 8 >AA89A:0O :045<8O <548F8=A:8E =0C:. >A:20, 2000. 4=8< 87 3;02=KE 0@3C<5=B>2 2 ?>;L7C ?5@5E>40 >B ?;0=>2>9 A8AB5<K E>7O9AB20 : @K=>G=>9 1K;> O:>1K =5C4>2;5B2>@8B5;L=>5 >15A?5G5=85 =0A5;5=8O !!!  8 !$!  ?@>4C:B0<8 ?8B0=8O.  459AB28B5;L=>AB8 !!! , ?> >F5=:0< @30=870F88  2 >1;0AB8 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 8 ?@>4>2>;LAB28O ($), 2 A5@548=5 80-E 3>4>2 2E>48; 2 45AOB:C AB@0= <8@0 A =08;CGH8< B8?>< ?8B0=8O.  1985 3., ?> 40==K< $, ?@82545==K< 2 ?>A;54=59 A2>4:5 MB>9 >@30=870F88 2 =B5@=5B5, 68B5;L !!!  2 A@54=5< ?>;CG0; 2 45=L 105,3 3 15;:0 (87 =8E 51,5 3  15;:0 682>B=>3> ?@>8AE>645=8O: 2 <OA5 22,2 3, 2 <>;>:5 15,2 3, 2 @K15 9,5 3, 2 O9F0E 4,6 3). A=>2>9 4;O >15A?5G5=8O ?8B0=85< =0 B0:>< C@>2=5 1K;> >B5G5AB25==>5 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2>: "01;8F0 2-1. @>872>4AB2> >A=>2=KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O (2 :3) 2 1989 3>4C H5=8F00@B>D5;LOA>>;>:>0A;>/9F0 HB. !$! 30422968,43786,3332!(223681202642,2270=3;8O243111662582,4214  1989 3. 8 1997 33. 68B5;8 !$!  8 $ 2 A@02=5=88 A 68B5;O<8 !( 8<5;8 A;54CNI89 B8? ?8B0=8O (B01;. 2-2). "01;8F0 2-2. >B@51;5=85 >A=>2=KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O 2 !( 8 >AA88 (2 A@54=5< =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O, :3) !( (1989) !$!  (1989)!( (1997) $ (1997)OA> 8 <OA>?@>4C:BK1136911446>;>:> 8 <>;>:>?@>4C:BK (2 ?5@5AG5B5 =0 <>;>:>) 263 396 305 229/9F0, HB.229309239210 K10 8 @K1>?@>4C:BK12,221,3109,3!0E0@2845,23033%;51=K5 ?@>4C:BK1001151121180@B>D5;L 5710657130 @0640=5 !!!  8<5;8 >A=>20=8O 1KBL =54>2>;L=K<8 A8AB5<>9 @0A?@545;5=8O ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O (?5@51>8 2 A=0165=88, >G5@548, =5@02=><5@=>ABL 2 ?>AB02:0E =5:>B>@KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?> @538>=0< 8 ?@.). @><5 B>3>, ?>A;5 4>AB865=8O C@>2=O ?8B0=8O, C4>2;5B2>@ONI53> 107>2K5 ?>B@51=>AB8 G5;>25:0, 2 >1I5AB25 2>7=8:;8 =>2K5 B@51>20=8O  : @07=>>1@078N ?@>4C:B>2, 8E @0AD0A>2:5, C?0:>2:5 8 B.4. 4=0:> 2>A?@8OB85 MB8E =54>AB0B:>2 2> <=>3>< 7028A5;> >B 845>;>38G5A:>3> 402;5=8O. 0?@8<5@, 2 1989 3. <>;>:0 8 <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 2 A@54=5< ?> !!!  ?>B@51;O;8 363 :3 2 3>4 =0 G5;>25:0, GB> O2;O5BAO 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2KA>:8< ?>:070B5;5< (2 !(  263 :3), => ?@8 >?@>A0E 44% >?@>H5==KE 68B5;59 !!!  >B25B8;8, GB> ?>B@51;ONB <>;>:0 =54>AB0B>G=>. >;55 B>3>, 2 @<5=88, 345 25;0AL >A>1> A8;L=0O 0=B8A>25BA:0O ?@>?030=40, 62% =0A5;5=8O 1K;> =54>2>;L=> A2>8< C@>2=5< ?>B@51;5=8O <>;>:0 8 <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2.  <564C B5< 8E ?>B@51;5=85 A>AB02;O;> B0< 2 1989 3. 480 :3 =0 G5;>25:0.  A0<K9 :@0A=>@5G82K9 A;CG09  A0E0@. 3> ?>B@51;5=85 A>AB02;O;> 2 !!!  47,2 :3 2 3>4 =0 G5;>25:0 (2 !(  28 :3), => 52% >?@>H5==KE AG8B0;8, GB> ?>B@51;ONB A;8H:>< <0;> A0E0@0 (0 2 @C788 =54>2>;L=KE 1K;> 4065 67%). 0: 87<5=8;>AL ?8B0=85 3@0640= >AA88 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K? #65 2 1992 3. ?@>87>H;> @57:>5 8 3;C1>:>5 CEC4H5=85 ?8B0=8O 1>;LH8=AB20 =0A5;5=8O. !>3;0A=> 40==K< >A:><AB0B0 $, :0;>@89=>ABL ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O, ?>B@51;O5<KE 2 A@54=5< 70 ACB:8, A=878;0AL A 2590 (1990 3.) 4> 2438 2 1992 3. 8 4> 2200 2 1996 3. AA;54>20B5;8 2K@060NB A><=5=85 2 4>AB>25@=>AB8 MB8E 40==KE, ?>A:>;L:C >=8 =5 A>3;0ACNBAO A 4@C38<8 ?>:070B5;O<8 (B>20@>>1>@>B ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O), >4=0:> B5=45=F8O : ?>=865=8N :0;>@89=>AB8 @0F8>=0 =5A><=5==0. !CI5AB25==> 87<5=8;0AL AB@C:BC@0 ?8B0=8O: 2 :0;>@89=>AB8 @0F8>=0 A=878;0AL 4>;O ?@>4C:B>2, 1>30BKE 15;:>< (8 >A>15==> 682>B=K< 15;:>< - <OA0, @K1K, <>;>:0 8 O8F), 2>7@>A;0 4>;O :0@B>D5;O 8 :@C?.  1990 3. ?@>4C:BK 682>B=>3> ?@>8AE>645=8O 4020;8 35,9% :0;>@89 A@54=53> ACB>G=>3> @0F8>=0, 0 2 1997 3. B>;L:> 28,3%.  1993 3. 1K; >?C1;8:>20= >D8F80;L=K9 >AC40@AB25==K9 4>:;04 > A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 2 1992 3>4C.  =5< 3>2>@8BAO: !CI5AB25==>5 CEC4H5=85 :0G5AB20 ?8B0=8O 2 1992 3. ?@>87>H;> 2 >A=>2=>< 70 AG5B A=865=8O ?>B@51;5=8O ?@>4C:B>2 682>B=>3> ?@>8AE>645=8O.  1992 3. ?@8>1@5B5=85 =0A5;5=85< @K1K A>AB028;> 30% >B C@>2=O 1987 3., <OA0 8 ?B8FK, AK@0, A0E0@0  50-53%. B<5G05BAO 2K=C645==0O ;><:0 A;>682H53>AO 2 ?@56=85 3>4K @0F8>=0 ?8B0=8O, C<5=LH05BAO ?>B@51;5=85 15;:>2KE ?@>4C:B>2 8 F5==KE C3;52>4>2, GB> =587156=> A:07K205BAO =0 74>@>2L5 =0A5;5=8O >AA88 8 2 ?5@2CN >G5@54L 15@5<5==KE, :>@<OI8E <0B5@59 8 45B59.  1992 3. 4> 20% 45B59 >1A;54>20==KE 3@C?? 10 8 15 ;5B ?>;CG0;8 15;:0 A ?8I59 <5=55 157>?0A=>3> C@>2=O, @5:><5=4C5<>3> . >;55 ?>;>28=K >1A;54>20==KE 65=I8= ?>B@51;O;8 15;:0 <5=55 0,75 3 =0 :3 <0AAK B5;0  =865 157>?0A=>3> C@>2=O ?>B@51;5=8O 4;O 27@>A;>3> =0A5;5=8O, ?@8=OB>3> . -B>  >D8F80;L=>5 ?@87=0=85 2 B><, GB> @5D>@<0 A;><0;0 A;>682H89AO ?@8 A>25BA:>< C:;045 1;03>?>;CG=K9 @0F8>= ?8B0=8O 8 GB> 2 AB@0=5 2>7=8:, :0: A:070=> 2 >:;045, 2A5>1I89 45D8F8B ?8B0=8O, @0=55 =5<KA;8<K9. 0 A5@548=5 ?5@8>40 @5D>@< C@>25=L ?8B0=8O ?5@5A5: :@8B8G5A:CN G5@BC.  1995 3. ?> A@02=5=8N A 1991 3. ?>B@51;5=85 (2:;NG0O 8<?>@B) <OA>?@>4C:B>2 2 F5;>< C?0;> =0 28%, <0A;0 =0 37%, <>;>:0 8 A0E0@0 =0 25%.  1996 3. 3>@>4A:>5 =0A5;5=85 2 A@54=5< AB0;> ?>;CG0BL <5=55 55 3 15;:0 2 45=L. 45AL =04> >1@0B8BL 2=8<0=85 =0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 206=CN 25IL: 2A;54AB285 @57:>3> @0AA;>5=8O ?> 4>E>40<, A?04 ?>B@51;5=8O F5==KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O A>A@54>B>G8;AO ?>GB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2 B>9 ?>;>28=5 =0@>40, :>B>@0O 8A?KBK205B :@09=NN 154=>ABL. =0G8B, 2 MB>9 ?>;>28=5 =0A5;5=8O ?>B@51;5=85 A0<KE =5>1E>48<KE 4;O 74>@>2LO ?@>4C:B>2 C?0;> 4> :@09=5 =87:>3> C@>2=O, ?@8 :>B>@>< =0G8=0NBAO D878>;>38G5A:85 87<5=5=8O 2 >@30=87<5 8 453@040F8O 74>@>2LO! 0A:>;L:> =5C<>;8<0 MB0 C3@>70 4;O <=>65AB20 3@0640=, 3>2>@8B B0:>9 =51>;LH>9, => :@0A=>@5G82K9 D0:B. 725AB=>, GB> @>6405<>ABL 2 E>45 @5D>@<K @57:> C?0;0, 65=I8=K >B:07K20NBAO >B <0B5@8=AB20, 2> <=>3>< 87-70 B>3>, GB> >?0A0NBAO 70 AC4L1C @515=:0. >=OB=> B0:65, GB> B5, :B> 2A5 65 @5H05B 7025AB8 @515=:0, 45;0NB 2A5 2>7<>6=>5, GB>1K >= @>48;AO 8 @>A 74>@>2K<. @5645 2A53>, 4;O MB>3> <>18;87CNB 2A5 2>7<>6=K5 @5AC@AK, GB>1K 1C4CI0O <0BL 2> 2@5<O 15@5<5==>AB8 ?>;CGH5 ?8B0;0AL. 5A<>B@O =0 MB>, ?>A;5 1990 3. 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BACBAB285 ?>;=>F5==>3> ?8B0=8O ?@825;> : B><C, GB> 2 1999 3. 10% ?@87K2=8:>2 >B;8G0;8AL 45D8F8B>< 25A0; 1>;55 40% 15@5<5==KE 65=I8= AB@040;8 0=5<859, 0 1>;LH8=AB2> 45B59 8 <>;>4568 =5 ?>;CG0;> =5>1E>48<>3> =01>@0 ?8I52KE 25I5AB2 8 28B0<8=>2. 57C;LB0B>< @5D>@<K AB0; 8 B>B D0:B, GB> 7=0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O, ?>ABC?0NI8E 2 B>@3>2;N, D0;LA8D8F8@>20=0. 0AHB01K D0;LA8D8:0F88, AC4O ?> A2>4:0< , >3@><=K. $0;LA8D8F8@>20==>9 2>4:>9 B@02OBAO <8;;8>=K ;N459  87 =8E 5653>4=> >:>;> 30 BKAOG (2 1994 3. 55,5 BKA. G5;>25:) :>=G0NB A<5@B5;L=K< 8AE>4><.  A>25BA:>< E>7O9AB25, @01>B0NI5< 4;O ?>B@51;5=8O, 0 =5 4;O ?@81K;8, D0;LA8D8:0F8O =5 8<5;0 A<KA;0.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K ?@>87>H;0 0@E0870F8O 2A59 A8AB5<K ?@>872>4AB20 8 @0A?@545;5=8O ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O. @5645 2A53>, @57:> A>:@0B8;0AL 4>;O AK@KE ?@>4C:B>2, ?5@5@010BK205<KE 2 ?8I52>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8.  682>B=>2>4AB25 845B A=865=85 B>20@=>AB8 8 @53@5AA 2 B5E=>;>388 8 A0=8B0@88. 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A;8 3>2O48=0 2 @57C;LB0B5 8=D;OF88 ?>4>@>60;0 70 1992-1995 33. 2 1338 @07, B> :8A;><>;>G=K5 ?@>4C:BK  2 21229 @07. =K<8 A;>20<8, ?>2KH5=85 F5=K =0 MB8 ?@>4C:BK 1K;> 2 16 @07 1>;LH5, =565;8 =0 3>2O48=C.  @57C;LB0B5 =0 ?5@2>< 65 MB0?5 @K=>G=>9 @5D>@<K <0AA>2>5 ?@>872>4AB2> F5;L=><>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 1K;> A25@=CB>. => AB0;> 2KE>48BL =0 AB018;L=K9 @568< ;8HL 2 1995-1996 33. ?@8 C@>2=5 ?@>872>4AB20 2 4 @070 1>;55 =87:><, =565;8 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K ACI5AB2>20=8O A>25BA:>9 M:>=><8G5A:>9 A8AB5<K. !>2@5<5==K5 F5;L=><>;>G=K5 ?@>4C:BK 70=8<0NB B5?5@L ACI5AB25==>5 <5AB> ;8HL 2 ?8B0=88 =51>;LH>9 7068B>G=>9 G0AB8 =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. 0 @8A. 2-4 284=>, GB> 2 E>45 @5D>@<K A?04 ?>B@51;5=8O <>;>:0 8 <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?@>8AE>48; =5@02=><5@=>, B0: GB> >4=8 @538>=K >:070;8AL 70B@>=CBK 8< 3>@074> A8;L=55, G5< 4@C385. 0?@8<5@, 2 >A:25, 345 ?>B@51;5=85 1K;> =5A:>;L:> 2KH5 A@54=53> ?> >AA88, 2 1996 3. >=> C?0;> =865 A@54=53>, => 70B5< ?>;>65=85 2K?@028;>AL. 0?@>B82, @8<>@A:89 :@09 8A?KB0; >G5=L 3;C1>:89 A?04 ?>B@51;5=8O  2 3,6 @070 A 1990 ?> 1999 3., ?@8G5< 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K MB>B A?04 ?@>4>;605BAO. 7 H8@>:>3> =01>@0 ?>B@51;O5<KE 2 !$!  8 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 >A>1> 2K45;8< 682>B=>5 <0A;> (A;82>G=>5 8, 2 <5=LH59 AB5?5=8, B>?;5=>5).  B@048F8>==>9 AB@C:BC@5 ?8B0=8O 2 >AA88 <0A;> 2A5340 70=8<0;> 206=>5 <5AB> :0: F5==K9 ?@>4C:B, C@>25=L ?>B@51;5=8O :>B>@>3> <=>3>5 3>2>@8; > 1;03>A>AB>O=88 A5<L8. #65 2 70-5 3>4K 2 !$!  1K; 4>AB83=CB 2KA>:89 8 CAB>9G82K9 C@>25=L ?>B@51;5=8O <0A;0, 8 >=> :0: AB>;>2K9 ?@>4C:B ?@0:B8G5A:8 2KB5A=8;> <0@30@8=. 0;L=59H55 ?>2KH5=85 C@>2=O 687=8 2 80-5 3>4K ?>2;5:;> 70 A>1>9 7=0G8B5;L=K9 @>AB ?@>872>4AB20 682>B=>3> <0A;0 (@8A. 2-5).  @57C;LB0B5 @048:0;L=>9 @5D>@<K C65 =0G8=0O A 1990 3. =01;N405BAO @57:89 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20. 0 3>4K @5D>@<K ?> A@02=5=8N A 1990 3. ?@>872>4AB2> 682>B=>3> <0A;0 2 >AA88 A=878;>AL 2 B@8 @070, 2>AAB0=>2;5=8O ?@>872>4AB20 4065 2 A0<K5 ?>A;54=85 3>4K =5 =01;N405BAO.  =5:>B>@>9 AB5?5=8 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20 :><?5=A8@C5BAO 8<?>@B><, :>B>@K9 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O A>AB02;O5B 1>;55 ?>;>28=K A>1AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20. ! 1990 3. =0G0;>AL 1KAB@>5 A>:@0I5=85 8 ?>B@51;5=8O A;82>G=>3> <0A;0  4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 =0A5;5=8O >=> AB0=>28BAO =5 ?> :0@<0=C :0: ?@>4C:B >1K45==>3> ?8B0=8O (@8A. 2-6). 8=0<8:0 >B=>A8B5;L=>3> ?>4>@>60=8O A;82>G=>3> <0A;0 2 @>7=8G=>9 B>@3>2;5 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 2-7 (70 AB0=40@B 15@5BAO 3>2O48=0, F5=0 :>B>@>9 ?@8=OB0 70 100%). !=865=85 ?>B@51;5=8O <0A;0 >1CA;>2;5=> A>548=5=85< 42CE @07=KE ?@>F5AA>2  4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 <0A;> AB0;> A;8H:>< 4>@>3>, 0 A>AB>OB5;L=>5 <5=LH8=AB2> AB0;> ?5@5E>48BL =0 70?04=K9 B8? ?8B0=8O. -B>B B8? ?8B0=8O, :0: G0ABL :C;LBC@K, =0E>48BAO ?>4 2;8O=85< @O40 D>189 (?@5C25;8G5==KE AB@0E>2), 2 G0AB=>AB8 AB@0E0 ?5@54 E>;5AB5@8=><. 7-70 MB>3> A;82>G=>5 <0A;> 70<5=O5BAO <0@30@8=><. >30BK5 B>65 ?;0GCB, => 2A5 65 3;02=>5 A;54AB285 @5D>@< 2 B><, GB> A>E@0=O5BAO =87:89 C@>25=L ?>B@51;5=8O <0A;0 :0: ?@87=0: 154=>3> B8?0 ?8B0=8O, :>B>@K9 2 >AA88 @0A?@>AB@0=O5BAO 8 AB0=>28BAO 3>A?>4AB2CNI8<. !;54C5B >B<5B8BL B0:65 CEC4H5=85 :0G5AB20 ?>ABC?0NI53> 2 @>7=8G=CN B>@3>2;N A;82>G=>3> <0A;0 8 1>;LH85 <0AHB01K 53> D0;LA8D8:0F88 (4>102;5=8O <0@30@8=0).  @57C;LB0B5 2K1>@>G=KE 8=A?5:F8>==KE ?@>25@>:, =0?@8<5@, 2 1997 3. 701@0:>20=> 8;8 A=865=> 2 A>@B=>AB8 22,3% A;82>G=>3> 8 B>?;5=>3> <0A;0 >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 8 55,7% 8<?>@B=>3> <0A;0. 04> >B<5B8BL 8 B0:CN =51>;LHCN, => :@0A=>@5G82CN 45B0;L.  =>2KE M:>=><8G5A:8E CA;>28OE >:070;>AL ?>4>@20==K< 4065 ?@>872>4AB2> A?5F80;L=KE A>@B>2 A;82>G=>3> <0A;0, A>AB02;O2H8E 3>@4>ABL @>AA89A:>9 ?8I52>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 8 2A5340 8<52H8E 1>;LH>9 A?@>A =0 2=CB@5==5< 8 <8@>2>< @K=:5. 0 @8A. 2-8 ?>:070=0 48=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 <0A;0 2 >;>3>4A:>9 >1;0AB8 (2>;>3>4A:>3> <0A;0).  AB@C:BC@5 ?8B0=8O 2 >AA88 <OA> 8 <OA=K5 ?@>4C:BK 70=8<0NB ?> A2>59 206=>AB8 ?@8<5@=> B0:>5 65 <5AB>, :0: <>;>:>.  1990 3. >=8 4020;8 15% :0;>@89=>AB8 A@54=53> ACB>G=>3> @0F8>=0, : 1996 3. 8E 4>;O A=878;0AL 4> 13,5% (4065 =5A:>;L:> ?@52KA82 4>;N <>;>:0 8 <>;>G=KE ?@>4C:B>2). #@>25=L ?>B@51;5=8O <OA0, A2>9AB25==K9 @0728BK< ?@><KH;5==K< AB@0=0<, 1K; 4>AB83=CB 2 !$!  2 60-5 3>4K.  1955 3. >= A>AB02;O; >:>;> 40 :3, 2 1960 3. >:>;> 50 8 2 1970 3. >:>;> 55 :3 =0 4CHC.  1989-1990 33. 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B <OA0 8 <OA>?@>4C:B>2 (70 25AL 3>4 >:>;> 1,6 <;=. B), B.5. 7028A8<>ABL >B 8<?>@B0 =5 A=8605BAO.  @57C;LB0B5 @07@CH5=8O A8AB5<K 8<?>@B=>3> :>=B@>;O 7=0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL ?>ABC?0NI8E 2 >AA8N ?> 8<?>@BC <OA0 8 <OA=>9 ?@>4C:F88 =5 A>>B25BAB2C5B AB0=40@B0< :0G5AB20.  1997 3. 1K;> 701@0:>20=> 8 A=865=> 2 A>@B=>AB8 (2 ?@>F5=B0E >B >1I53> :>;8G5AB20 ?@>8=A?5:B8@>20==KE B>20@>2) 16,8% 8<?>@B=>3> <OA0 8 52,6% <OA=KE :>=A5@2>2.  1998 3. 41,7% 8<?>@B=>3> <OA0, 2 1999 3. 70,1% 8 2 2000 3. 53,5%. >;O 701@0:>20==>3> <OA0 >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 2 1998-2000 33. 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E>45 @5D>@<K MB0 ?@>872>4AB25==0O A8AB5<0 1K;0 ?>4>@20=0 8 ?>GB8 @07@CH5=0. B5G5AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2> @57:> C?0;> (@8A. 2-12). !=878;>AL 8 :0G5AB2> ?@>4C:F88  2 1997 3. ?@8 ?@>25@:5 1K;> 701@0:>20=> 8;8 A=865=> 2 A>@B=>AB8 38,9% ?@>8=A?5:B8@>20==>3> <OA0 ?B8FK >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 (8 34,2% 8<?>@B=>3>). ?;>BL 4> 2000 3. >@30=0<8 8=A?5:F88 ?@8 2K1>@>G=KE ?@>25@:0E 1@0:C5BAO 8;8 ?>=8605BAO 2 A>@B=>AB8 >:>;> B@5B8 8<?>@B=>3> <OA0 ?B8FK. 07@CH5=85 >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 ?@825;> : 70E20BC @>AA89A:>3> @K=:0 ?>AB02I8:0<8 872=5 !.  1997 3., =0?@8<5@, 8<?>@B ?@52KA8; >B5G5AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2> 2 420 @070  B>340 2 $ 1K;> 22575=> 1,14 <;=. B <OA0 ?B8FK, 0 2 2001 3. 8<?>@B <OA0 ?B8FK A>AB028; 1,34 <;=. B, GB> 2 1,5 @070 1>;LH5 >1J5<>2 53> ?@>872>4AB20 2 $.  E>45 C@10=870F88, :>B>@0O ?@>E>48;0 2 !!!  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AB02;O;0 65;0BL ;CGH53> C?0:>2:0, 70B> F5=0 1K;0 >G5=L C<5@5==>9.  E>45 @5D>@<K >B5G5AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2> 1K;> A25@=CB>, 8 @K=>: >B40= 4>@>38< 8<?>@B=K< ?@>4C:B0<.  G8A;C 206=59H8E ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O, 1>30BKE 15;:><, >B=>AOBAO O9F0. 0 A>25BA:89 ?5@8>4 ?>A;5 5;8:>9 B5G5AB25==>9 2>9=K 2 AB@0=5 1K;> A>740=> :@C?=>5 ?@><KH;5==>5 ?B8F52>4AB2>, 8 ?@>872>4AB2> O8F 2 !!!  2>7@>A;> A 7,5 <;@4. 2 1946 3. 4> 84,8 <;@4. 2 1989 3. (2 1913 3. 2 >AA88 2 3@0=8F0E !!!  1K;> ?@>872545=> 9,5 <;@4. 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C;>2 @K1K =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O A>AB02;O; C =0A 36 :3 (2 !( 16 :3, 2 5;8:>1@8B0=88 15 :3). >;55 70% C;>20 2 !!!  ?@8E>48;>AL =0 !$! . 0 80-5 3>4K C;>2 @K1K 2 !!!  2K@>A ?>GB8 =0 B@5BL, 0 2 !$!  4>AB83 : 1987-1988 33. 56 :3 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O. ! 1989 3., :>340 =0G0;0AL @K=>G=0O @5D>@<0, 25;8G8=0 C;>20 AB0;0 1KAB@> 8 @57:> ?040BL 8 AB018;878@>20;0AL 2 1995 3. =0 C@>2=5, 2 420 A ;8H=8< @070 1>;55 =87:><, G5< 2 :>=F5 80-E 3>4>2 (@8A. 2-16). K10 1K;0 8 >AB05BAO 206=K< M:A?>@B=K< ?@>4C:B>< 2 >AA88 8 405B 7=0G8B5;L=CN 20;NB=CN 2K@CG:C. "0:, 2 1990 3. 1K;> M:A?>@B8@>20=> 491 BKA. B. A2565<>@>65=>9 @K1K (12,2% >B C;>20).  1996 3. 1K;> M:A?>@B8@>20=> 1,15 <;=. B @K1K (37,6% C;>20), =0 1,14 <;@4. 4>;;. @0240, 2 B>B 65 3>4 1K;> 8<?>@B8@>20=> 351 BKA. B @K1K.  2000 3. M:A?>@B8@>20=> 984 BKA. B @K1K (25,9% C;>20). 0G5AB2> 8<?>@B=>9 @K1K 8 @K1>?@>4C:B>2 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 =865, G5< C >B5G5AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F88: 2 1995 3. 1K;> 701@0:>20=> 8 A=865=> 2 A>@B=>AB8 54,9% 8<?>@B=>9 @K1K 8 @K1>?@>4C:B>2 (24% >B5G5AB25==KE), 2 1996 3. 51,8% 8<?>@B=KE ?@>4C:B>2 (33% >B5G5AB25==KE), 2 1997 3. 34,1% 8<?>@B=KE (47% >B5G5AB25==KE).  A>25BA:>5 2@5<O ?>AB02;O5<0O >B5G5AB25==K<8 @K10:0<8 A2565<>@>65=0O @K10 1K;0 45H52K< ?@>4C:B>< <0AA>2>3> C?>B@51;5=8O. @8 ;815@0;870F88 F5= 2 1992 3., :>340 F5=>>1@07>20=85 AB0;> 8AE>48BL 87 :@8B5@8O <0:A8<0;L=>9 ?@81K;8, @K10 ?>4>@>60;0 >B=>A8B5;L=> 2KH5, G5< <OA>. A;8 70 1992-1995 33. @>7=8G=0O F5=0 3>2O48=K 2 $ 2>7@>A;0 2 1338 @07, B> F5=0 A2565<>@>65=>9 @K1K (157 45;8:0B5A=>9) 2 4188 @07  2 B@8 A ;8H=8< @070 1>;LH5, G5< F5=0 3>2O48=K. 045=85 C;>20 8 ?>2KH5=85 F5=K A>?@>2>6405BAO 2 $ A>:@0I5=85< ?>B@51;5=8O @K1K. > A@02=5=8N A 80-<8 3>40<8 >=> C?0;> 1>;55 G5< 2 420 @070.  1999-2000 3. =0<5B8;AO =5:>B>@K9 @>AB, 8 ?>B@51;5=85 2KH;> =0 C@>25=L 1994 3. -B>B ?@>F5AA ?@54AB02;5= =0 @8A. 2-17. >B@51;5=85 :>=48B5@A:8E 8745;89 8 A;04>AB59 2<5AB> G8AB>3> A0E0@0  ?@87=0: @>AB0 1;03>A>AB>O=8O 8 ?5@5E>40 : 1>;55 A>2@5<5==><C B8?C ?8B0=8O. ?;>BL 4> 1990 3. 2 !$!  =01;N40;AO 4>2>;L=> 1KAB@K9 @>AB ?@><KH;5==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 A;04>AB59 (?> A@02=5=8N A C@>2=5< 1970 3. >1J5< 8E ?@>872>4AB20 2K@>A =0 45%). >A;5 1990 3. ?@>87>H5; 8A:;NG8B5;L=> @57:89, >120;L=K9 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20 A0E0@8ABKE :>=48B5@A:8E 8745;89 (=0 40% 70 420 3>40), :>B>@K9 ?@>4>;68;AO, E>BO 8 <54;5==55, 4> 1996 3. @8 MB>< 70 1991-1992 33. >4=>2@5<5==> C?0;> 8 ?>B@51;5=85 A0E0@0  A 47 :3 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O 2 1990 3. 4> 30 :3 2 1992 3. (B> 5ABL =0 36%). "0:8< >1@07><, @5D>@<0 ?@825;0 : @57:><C A>:@0I5=8N ?>B@51;5=8O A;04>AB59 8 2>>1I5 A0E0@8ABKE 25I5AB2 2 1>;LH8=AB25 @>AA89A:8E A5<59, 2 B>< G8A;5 C 7=0G8B5;L=>9 G0AB8 45B59. 04> 70<5B8BL, GB> 4065 A0E0@-@0D8=04, :>B>@K9 2A5340 8A?>;L7>20;AO 2 :0G5AB25 =54>@>3>9 A;04>AB8 8 1K; ;8HL =57=0G8B5;L=> 4>@>65 15;>3> A0E0@0-?5A:0, AB0; <0;> C?>B@51;OBLAO (8 ?>B><C ?@>872>48BLAO)  87-70 B>3>, GB> =0A5;5=85 AB@5<8BAO AM:>=><8BL 4065 =0 MB>9 =51>;LH>9 @07=8F5 (A<. @8A. 2-19). !;54C5B 4>1028BL, GB> A>1AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2> A0E0@0-?5A:0 87 A0E0@=>9 A25:;K 2 >AA88 A=878;>AL A 1990 3. 2 420 @070, 8 87 AB@0= 2=5 ! 2 $ A59G0A 8<?>@B8@C5BAO >:>;> 5 <;=. B A0E0@0-AK@F0 2 3>4. 06=59H8< ?@>4C:B>< ?8B0=8O 2 >AA88 1K; 8 >AB05BAO E;51. A5340 >= 1K; 8 =081>;55 4>ABC?=K< ?> F5=5 ?@>4C:B><.  E>45 @5D>@<K ?@>87>H;> AB>;L =5?@>?>@F8>=0;L=>5 ?>2KH5=85 F5= =0 E;51, GB> ?>;>65=85 @57:> 87<5=8;>AL. A;8 ?@8=OBL F5=C :8;>3@0<<0 ?H5=8G=>3> E;510 70 548=8FC, B> F5=K =0 4@C385 ?@>4C:BK 87<5=O;8AL 2 E>45 @5D>@<K A;54CNI8< >1@07>< (A<. B01;. 2-3): "01;8F0 2-3. &5=K =0 ?@>4C:BK ?8B0=8O >B=>A8B5;L=> E;510 %;51>2O48=0!0E0@-?5A>:0A;> @0AB8B5;L=>580-5 3>4K173,25,71993 3.14,71,62,91996 3.12,50,651,52000 3.14,31,31,92001 3.15,31,15,2 @>F5AA @57:>3> ?>4>@>60=8O E;510 >B=>A8B5;L=> 4@C38E ?@>4C:B>2 (B>G=55, 15A:>AB=>9 3>2O48=K, :>B>@0O 15@5BAO 2 AB0B8AB8:5 70 AB0=40@B 4;O A@02=5=8O) E>@>H> 2845= =0 @8A. 2-20. 0 =5< ?>:070=0 F5=0 1 :3 ?H5=8G=>3> E;510 2 % >B F5=K 100 3 3>2O48=K.  ?>A;54=85 3>4K 3>2O48=0 1KAB@> @0AB5B 2 F5=5, B0: GB> ?@56=89 @07@K2 2 F5=5 E;510 A>:@0I05BAO. K=>G=0O @5D>@<0 >7=0G0;0 87<5=5=85 A0<8E ?@8=F8?>2 F5=>>1@07>20=8O.  A>25BA:>5 2@5<O A0<K9 3;02=K9 ?@>4C:B  E;51  ?@>4020;AO ?>GB8 ?> A515AB>8<>AB8. 50;L=0O (B5E=8G5A:8 >1CA;>2;5==0O) A515AB>8<>ABL 1CE0=:8 E;510 =0 ?@8;02:5 @02=0 ?@8<5@=> 42C:@0B=>9 AB>8<>AB8 ?H5=8FK, ?>H54H59 =0 873>B>2;5=85 MB>9 1CE0=:8 (B>G=55, 2,1 >B MB>9 AB>8<>AB8).  1989 3. 70:C?>G=0O F5=0 :8;>3@0<<0 ?H5=8FK 2 !$!  1K;0 22,7 :>?., 87 =55 ?>;CG0;>AL 1,5 :3 E;510, :>B>@K5 AB>8;8 45 :>?. 5A=>9 2000 3. 10B>= 15;>3> E;510 25A>< 380 3. AB>8; 2 >A:25 6 @C1. = 1K; 2K?5G5= 87 250 3. ?H5=8FK. "0:>5 :>;8G5AB2> ?H5=8FK AB>8;> 2 45:01@5 1999 3. =0 @>AA89A:>< @K=:5 43 :>?. (1725 @C1. 70 B>==C). "5E=8G5A:8 >1CA;>2;5==0O A515AB>8<>ABL ?@52@0I5=8O ?H5=8FK 2 E;51 A 4>AB02:>9 53> : ?@8;02:C @02=0 110% >B AB>8<>AB8 ?H5=8FK, B> 5ABL 4;O >4=>3> 10B>=0 >=0 A>AB02;O;0 2 :>=F5 2000 3. 47,3 :>?. B>3> @50;L=0O A515AB>8<>ABL 10B>=0 1K;0 @02=0 90,3 :>?.  =0 ?@8;02:5 53> F5=0 1K;0 6 @C1. "0:>9 @07@K2 A2845B5;LAB2C5B > <>=>?>;870F88 8;8 B5=52>< :>=B@>;5 @K=:0 E;510, MB>3> 206=59H53> 4;O >1I5AB20 B>20@0.  >BACBAB285 MDD5:B82=>9 A8AB5<K 3>AC40@AB25==>3> @53C;8@>20=8O E;51=K9 @K=>: AB0; 8AB>G=8:>< >1>30I5=8O 70 AG5B =0A5;5=8O 8 B>20@>?@>872>48B5;59.  @57C;LB0B5 ?@>87>H;> B>, G53> =8:0: =5;L7O 1K;> >6840BL 2 >AA88,  ?@>872>4AB2> <C:8 8 E;510 2 1>;LH>9 <5@5 CH;> 2 B5=L. > >D8F80;L=>9 AB0B8AB8:5 >=> A8;L=> A>:@0B8;>AL (@8A. 2-21), ?@8B>< GB>, A>3;0A=> 1N465B=K< >1A;54>20=8O<, ?>B@51;5=85 E;51=KE ?@>4C:B>2 A=878;>AL <0;>.  MB8E CA;>28OE ?>;CG8BL B>G=K5 40==K5 > ?>B@51;5=88 8<5==> E;510 B@C4=>. => <0A:8@C5BAO B5<, GB> 2 AB0B8AB8G5A:>9 B01;8F5 >B@51;5=85 >A=>2=KE ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O ?>=OB85 E;51=K5 ?@>4C:BK 405BAO :0: 03@538@>20==>5. >4 E;51=K<8 ?@>4C:B0<8 ?>=8<05BAO H8@>:89 A?5:B@: E;51 8 <0:0@>==K5 8745;8O 2 ?5@5AG5B5 =0 <C:C, <C:0, :@C?0, 1>1>2K5.  F5;><, A>3;0A=> >D8F80;L=>9 AB0B8AB8:5, :>;8G5AB2> 75@=0, 8A?>;L7C5<>3> =0 ?8I52K5 F5;8, 2 A0<>9 $ 7=0G8B5;L=> A=878;>AL (A<. @8A. 2-22). -B> B0:65 <>65B 3>2>@8BL > :@C?=KE <0AHB010E B5=52>3> >1>@>B0 75@=0 8 <C:8. 0: A;54C5B 87 1N465B=KE 8AA;54>20=89, 2 AC<<5 ?>B@51;5=85 E;51=KE ?@>4C:B>2 <5=O5BAO =5ACI5AB25==>  A> 125 :3 2 3>4 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O 2 1992 3. 4> 118 2 2000 3. >7<>6=>, E;51 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 2 :0:>9-B> <5@5 70<5=O5BAO :@C?0<8 8 <0:0@>==K<8 8745;8O<8. @8 MB>< 7=0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL :@C? 8 <0:0@>==KE 8745;89 4;O B5:CI53> ?>B@51;5=8O ?>ABC?05B ?> 8<?>@BC, 2 7=0G8B5;L=>9 <5@5 B5=52><C. -B> 284=> 87 B>3>, GB> 2 A0<>9 $ ?@>872>4AB2> <0:0@>==KE 8745;89 8 :@C? 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K @57:> A>:@0B8;>AL (@8A. 2-23). 06=>5 <5AB> 2 ?8B0=88 70=8<0NB 0;:>3>;L=K5 =0?8B:8. 0 @8A. 2-24 ?>:070=0 48=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 8 ?@>4068 2>4:8 8 ;8:5@>2. 45AL 284=> 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 206=>5 87<5=5=85, :>B>@>5 ?@>87>H;> 2 E>45 @5D>@<. > 1990 3. ?@>872>4AB2> 2>4:8 ?@0:B8G5A:8 A>2?040;> A C@>2=5< ?@>4068. =K<8 A;>20<8, 2AO ?@>40205<0O =0 @K=:5 2>4:0 1K;0 ?@>872545=0 ;530;L=>, A A>>B25BAB2CNI8< :>=B@>;5< :0G5AB20. #65 2 1991 3. MB8 420 ?>:070B5;O AB0;8 @0AE>48BLAO. 0G8=0O A 1993 3. ?@>87>H5; @57:89 @07@K2  ;530;L=>5 ?@>872>4AB2> C?0;> 1>;55 G5< 2 420 @070  0 >1J5< ?@>406 @57:> 2>7@>A ?@8 =57=0G8B5;L=>< ;530;L=>< 8<?>@B5. >A;5 1996 3. ;8HL B@5BL ?@>40205<>9 =0 @>AA89A:>< @K=:5 2>4:8 1K;0 ?@>872545=0 ;530;L=>.  1999 3. MB>B @07@K2 A>:@0B8;AO, => ?@>4>;605B >AB020BLAO 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 1>;LH8<. @>872>4AB2> :>=LO:0 2 $ @57:> A=878;>AL 70 3>4K @5D>@<K, => 2 ?>A;54=55 2@5<O C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 AB0; @0AB8 (@8A. 2-25). !>>B25BAB25==>, :>;51;5BAO 8 ?>B@51;5=85 :>=LO:0, >AB020OAL =0 C@>2=5 2 2-3 @070 1>;55 =87:><, G5< 2 1990 3. 57:> C?0;> ?>B@51;5=85 28=0, 2 4-5 @07 ?> A@02=5=8N A 1980 3. 8=0<8:0 53> ?@>4068 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 2-26. 564C ?@>872>4AB2>< 8 ?@>40659 ?820, :0: 8 2 A;CG05 2>4:8, B0:65 2>7=8:0;8 @07@K2K, 2K720==K5 7=0G8B5;L=K<8 >1J5<0<8 B5=52>3> ?@>872>4AB20 8 8<?>@B0 (@8A. 2-27). > 3;02=>5, =04> >B<5B8BL @57:89, 2 B@8 @070 70 G5BK@5 3>40 (?>A;5 1996 3.) @>AB ?@>872>4AB20 ?820 2 >AA88, 0 B0:65 <0AA>2>5, 2:;NG0O 45B59, ?@8>1I5=85 : ?>B@51;5=8N MB>3> 0;:>3>;L=>3> =0?8B:0. 0 MB>< D>=5 :@0A=>@5G82> 2K3;O48B ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?>;=0O ;8:2840F8O ?@>872>4AB20 2 >AA88 :20A0  ;N18<>3> 8 @0A?@>AB@0=5==>3> @0=55 45H52>3> 1570;:>3>;L=>3> =0?8B:0. 0 >48= B>;L:> 1992 3. 53> ?@>872>4AB2> C?0;> 2 6 @07 8 ?@>4>;60;> ?040BL 8 40;LH5 (@8A. 2-28). 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A;8 >=> ?@8>1@5B5B E0@0:B5@ <0AA>2>3> A>F80;L=>3> ?@>F5AA0, B> 2AO >1I5AB25==0O A8AB5<0 @57:> 87<5=8BAO. ?0A=>ABL A42830 >B AB@C:BC@=>9 154=>AB8 : :@09=5<C >154=5=8N @57:> CA8;8205BAO 2A;54AB285 @57:>3> @0AA;>5=8O @538>=>2 $ ?> 4>E>40< =0A5;5=8O. 4=8< 87 ?@8=F8?>2 A>25BA:>9 A>F80;L=>9 ?>;8B8:8 1K;> ?>AB5?5==>5 2K@02=820=85 @538>=>2 ?> 3;02=K< ?>:070B5;O< 1;03>A>AB>O=8O. 0 >1I5< D>=5 ACI5AB25==> 2K45;O;8AL AB>;8FK  >A:20 8 5=8=3@04.  E>45 @5D>@<K @538>=0;L=0O 48DD5@5=F80F8O @57:> CA8;8;0AL. 57:> =0@CH8;8AL CAB>O2H85AO, AB018;L=K5 A>>B=>H5=8O 2 A>F80;L=KE 8=48:0B>@0E @07=KE @538>=>2 AB@0=K.  1990 3. <0:A8<0;L=0O @07=8F0 2 A@54=54CH52>< 4>E>45 <564C @538>=0<8 !$!  A>AB02;O;0 3,5 @070.  1995 3. >=0 2K@>A;0 4> 14,2 @070, 2 1997 3. 1K;0 @02=0 16,2 @070. 0?@8<5@, 5A;8 2 1990 3. A@54=89 4>E>4 68B5;59 >@L:>2A:>9 >1;0AB8 A>AB02;O; 72,4% >B A@54=53> 4>E>40 68B5;59 >A:2K, B> 2 2000 3. A@54=89 4>E>4 68B5;59 8653>@>4A:>9 >1;0AB8 A>AB02;O; 2A53> 18,7% >B A@54=53> 4>E>40 <>A:28G59. -B>B ?@>F5AA ?@54AB02;5= =0 @8A. 3-3. >-4@C3><C ?@>F5AA @538>=0;L=>9 48DD5@5=F80F88 4>E>4>2 <>6=> ?@54AB028BL, 27O2 70 AB0=40@B A@02=5=8O A@54=85 4>E>4K ?> $ (?@8=O2 8E 70 100).  B0:>< A;CG05 284=>, GB> 5A;8 2 80-5 3>4K @07=K5 @538>=K, 2:;NG0O >A:2C, >1@07>2K20;8 4>2>;L=> :><?0:B=CN ?> 4>E>40< 3@C??C, B> A =0G0;>< @5D>@<K ?@>8AE>48;> 8E 1KAB@>5 @0AA;>5=85. !>25@H5==> ?>-@07=><C @>A;8 2 @07=KE @538>=0E <0AHB01K 154=>AB8. I5 2 1994 3. G8A;5==>ABL =0A5;5=8O A 45=56=K<8 4>E>40<8 =865 25;8G8=K ?@>68B>G=>3> <8=8<C<0, A>AB02;O2H0O 2 A@54=5< ?> $ 22,4%, :>;510;0AL 2 @07=KE @538>=0E >:>;> MB>3> C@>2=O, E>BO 1K;8 C65 8 @57:85 >B;8G8O (=0?@8<5@, 2 5A?C1;8:5 "K20 66,8%). > : 1997 3. @538>=K ?> MB><C ?>:070B5;N AB0;8 >B;8G0BLAO >G5=L @57:>. "0:, 70 1994-1997 33. 2 >1;0ABOE !525@=>3>, !525@>-0?04=>3> 8 &5=B@0;L=>3> @09>=>2 MB>B ?>:070B5;L 1K; 25AL<0 AB018;L=K<, 0 2 5A?C1;8:5 0@89 -; >= 2>7@>A A 22,1% 4> 52,7%, 2 5A?C1;8:5 ;B09 A 15,3 4> 40,7%, 2 ;B09A:>< :@05 A 22,8 4> 45,5%. 57:> AB0;8 @07;8G0BLAO @538>=K ?> 4>;5 =5B@C4>2KE 4>E>4>2 2 >1I59 AC<<5 A@54=54CH52KE 4>E>4>2.  2000 3. 2 >A:25 A@54=54CH52>9 4>E>4 A>AB02;O; 9291,3 @C1. 2 <5AOF, 0 A@54=OO =><8=0;L=0O =0G8A;5==0O 70@?;0B0 1K;0 3229,3 @C1. "> 5ABL >B=>H5=85 4>E>4/70@?;0B0 1K;> @02=> 2,88. O4><, 2 >A:>2A:>9 >1;0AB8, 4>E>4 1K; 1908,3 @C1., 0 70@?;0B0 2269,3 @C1.  =0 >4=C 70@?;0BC 68;> ?>GB8 420 G5;>25:0. 45AL >B=>H5=85 4>E>4/70@?;0B0 1K;> @02=> 0,84. "0:8< >1@07><, 4>;O 70@?;0BK 2 >1I8E 4>E>40E A@54=53> <>A:28G0 1K;0 2 3,4 @070 <5=LH5, G5< 2 >A:>2A:>9 >1;0AB8.  2 #ABL-@4K=A:>< C@OBA:>< 02B>=><=>< >:@C35 A@54=89 4CH52>9 4>E>4 A>AB02;O; 2 2000 3. 595,8 @C1., 0 70@?;0B0  1058,4 @C1., >B=>H5=85 4>E>4/70@?;0B0 1K;> @02=> 0,56. @C38< D0:B>@>< @0AA;>5=8O =0A5;5=8O $ ?> 4>E>40< AB0;0 @57:0O 48DD5@5=F80F8O @01>B=8:>2 @07=KE >B@0A;59 ?@>872>4AB20 8 CA;C3.  !$!  >B@0A;52K5 @07;8G8O 2 C@>2=5 >?;0BK B@C40, 2 >1I5<, A>>B25BAB2>20;8 70B@0B0< D878G5A:8E 8 =5@2=KE CA8;89 8 :>@@5:B8@>20;8AL A ?><>ILN @07;8G=KE :>MDD8F85=B>2 8 ;L3>B  ?@8 2A5E =54>AB0B:0E B0:>3> ?>4E>40.  ?5@2K9 65 3>4 @5D>@< (C65 2 1990 3.) MB> @02=>25A85 1K;> =0@CH5=>. 0 2@5<O A 1990 ?> 1995 3. <56>B@0A;520O 48DD5@5=F80F8O A@54=53> C@>2=O 70@?;0BK 2>7@>A;0 A 2,4 4> 5,2 @07 (0 5A;8 CG5ABL @57:> 2K45;ONICNAO 307>2CN ?@><KH;5==>ABL, B> 4> 10 @07).  023CAB5 2001 3. A@54=OO =0G8A;5==0O 70@?;0B0 A>AB02;O;0 ?> $ 2 F5;>< 3376 @C1., 2 307>2>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 17397 @C1. 8 2 AD5@5 >1@07>20=8O 1519 @C1. 8=0<8:0 MB>3> ?@>F5AA0 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 3-5 8 3-6. 0: 65 A:070;8AL 87<5=5=8O 2 AB@C:BC@5 4>E>4>2 8 2 F5=0E =0 4>ABC? : 3;02=K< 687=5==K< 1;030<? 5@2>5 CA;>285 1;03>A>AB>O=8O G5;>25:0  68;L5. 564C G5;>25:><, 8<5NI8< :@KHC =04 3>;>2>9, 8 1574><=K<  =5?@>E>48<0O ?@>?0ABL.  1989 3. 2 !$!  1K;> 39,2 <;=. A5<59. 7 =8E 63,7% ?@>6820;8 2 >B45;L=KE :20@B8@0E 8 24%  2 8=48284C0;L=KE 4><0E. 6,1% A5<59 ?@>6820;8 2 :><<C=0;L=KE :20@B8@0E, 2,7% 70=8<0;8 G0AB8 8=48284C0;L=KE 4><>2, 3,6% ?@>6820;8 2 >1I568B8OE (97,1% A5<59, ?@>68202H8E 2 >1I568B8OE, 70=8<0;8 1 8 1>;55 :><=0B).  A@54=5< =0 >4=>3> 3>@>4A:>3> 68B5;O 2 1990 3. 8<5;>AL 2 !$!  15,7 <2 68;?;>I048. 8;8I0 3>AC40@AB25==>3>, >1I5AB25==>3> 8 :>>?5@0B82=>3> D>=40 2 3>@>40E 8 ?>A5;:0E 3>@>4A:>3> B8?0 1K;8 2 1990 3. >1>@C4>20=K: 2>4>?@>2>4>< 94%, :0=0;870F859 92%, F5=B@0;L=K< >B>?;5=85< 92%, 307>< 72%, 20==0<8 87%, 3>@OG8< 2>4>A=0165=85< 79%.  @0745;5, ?>A2OI5==>< AB@>8B5;LAB2C, 1C4CB ?@82545=K 40==K5 > 68;8I=>< AB@>8B5;LAB25 2 !$!  8 $. > 2B>@>9 ?>;>28=5 80-E 3>4>2 =0 CG5B5 4;O C;CGH5=8O 68;8I=KE CA;>289 5653>4=> AB>O;> >:>;> 9 <;=. (B> 5ABL 25%) A5<59, 2:;NG0O >48=>G5:. C640NI8<8AO 2 C;CGH5=88 68;8I=KE CA;>289 ?@87=020;8AL 3@0640=5, 8<5NI85 68;>9 ?;>I048 5-7 <2 =0 >4=>3> G5;>25:0. 653>4=> C;CGH0;8 68;8I=K5 CA;>28O 12-17% >B G8A;0 AB>O2H8E =0 CG5B5 (2 1987 3. 17%, 2 1989 3. 12%). =0G8B5;L=CN G0ABL 68;LO 4;O ?@54>AB02;5=8O A2>8< @01>B=8:0< AB@>8;8 2 !$!  ?@><KH;5==K5 8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O.  F5;>< =0A5;5=85 2KA>:> >F5=820;> 45OB5;L=>ABL ?@54?@8OB89 ?> >15A?5G5=8N 68;L5<. @8 >?@>A5 1990 3. 2 !$!  50,4% >?@>H5==KE AG8B0;8, GB> CA;C38 ?> ?@54>AB02;5=8N 68;LO A;54C5B @072820BL ?@54?@8OB8O<, 0 28,3% - GB> 8E A;54C5B @072820BL <5AB=K< >@30=0< 2;0AB8. >A;5 ?@820B870F88 ?@54?@8OB8O ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?@5:@0B8;8 MBC 45OB5;L=>ABL.  !$!  C;CGH8BL 68;8I=K5 CA;>28O <>6=> 1K;> =5 B>;L:> G5@57 ?>AB0=>2:C =0 CG5B 2 @098A?>;:><5 8;8 2 ?@>D:><5 ?@54?@8OB8O, => 8 ?CB5< 2ABC?;5=8O 2 68;8I=>-AB@>8B5;L=K9 :>>?5@0B82, :>B>@K< 3>AC40@AB25==K5 AB@>8B5;L=K5 >@30=870F88 ?@>4020;8 3>B>2K5 4><0 ?>GB8 ?> A515AB>8<>AB8, A =51>;LH>9 =0F5=:>9. 0 MB>< ?5@28G=>< @K=:5 68;?;>I048 1 <2 AB>8; 2 1986-1987 33. 2 >A:25 192 @C1., GB> A>AB02;O;> 89% >B A@54=59 <5AOG=>9 70@?;0BK ?> !$! . "0:8< >1@07><, AB0=40@B=0O :20@B8@0 87 2 :><=0B (18 8 12 <2) AB>8;0 A@54=NN 70@?;0BC 70 3 3>40 (?@8 MB>< >?;0B0 68;LO ?@>872>48;0AL 2 @0AA@>G:C =0 15 ;5B 157 ?@>F5=B0 8;8 ?>4 >G5=L <0;K9 ?@>F5=B).  1993 3. AB0=40@B=0O :20@B8@0 87 2 :><=0B 2 A@54=5< AB>8;0 =0 @K=:5 2 >AA88 15,2 A@54=59 3>4>2>9 70@?;0BK.  1994 3.  26,1 3>4>2>9 70@?;0BK.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K ?@54>AB02;5=85 3>AC40@AB2>< 15A?;0B=>9 68;?;>I048 @57:> A>:@0B8;>AL, 0 2 1>;LH8=AB25 @538>=>2 ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?@5:@0B8;>AL.  1990 3. ?>;CG8;> 68;L5 1296 BKA. A5<59, 0 2 2000 3.  253 BKA. 70<5= 2>7=8: @K=>: 68;LO. 284C B>3>, GB> 68;L5  DC=40<5=B0;L=>5 CA;>285 687=8, F5=K =0 68;L5 A@07C CAB0=>28;8AL >G5=L 2KA>:85, 8 >=8 ?@>4>;60NB @0AB8.  1996 3. 2 A@54=5< ?> $ 1 <2 AB>8; 418% >B A@54=59 =0G8A;5==>9 70@01>B=>9 ?;0BK (?@8 MB>< :20@B8@K AB0;8 ?@54>AB02;OBLAO 157 ?>;>2, >:@0A:8 8 >1>@C4>20=8O).  1999 3. 1 <2 AB>8; 460% >B A@54=59 70@?;0BK, 2 2000 3. 390%. A;8 65 27OBL &5=B@0;L=K9 @09>= $ (12 >1;0AB59 8 3. >A:20), B> 745AL F5=0 1 <2 1K;0 2 1996 3. M:2820;5=B=0 595% >B <5AOG=>9 70@?;0BK 2 MB>< @09>=5, 0 2 1999 3. 617%  1>;55 G5< 2 6 @07 4>@>65, G5< 2 1987 3. (>B=>A8B5;L=> 70@?;0BK). "0:8< >1@07><, 4065 >4=>:><=0B=0O :20@B8@0 @07<5@>< 40 <2 (A 68;>9 :><=0B>9 @07<5@>< 20 <2) 745AL AB>8;0 2 1999 3. A@54=NN 70@?;0BC 70 20,6 ;5B. =K<8 A;>20<8, 4;O ?>402;ONI53> 1>;LH8=AB20 B@C4OI8EAO 4>ABC? : ?>;CG5=8N 68;LO AB0; 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K =52>7<>65=. A>7=0=85 MB>3> D0:B0 ?@8E>48B =5 A@07C, ?>A:>;L:C ?@>F5AA A<5=K ?>:>;5=89 845B =570<5B=>. 4=0:> 2 F5;>< >1I5AB2> 2 $ =0G8=05B =587156=> 45;8BLAO =0 420 @57:> @07;8G=KE :;0AA0  B5E, :B> 8<55B 68;L5, 8 B5E, :B> 2K=C645= ?@81530BL : 53> =09<C, CEC4H0BL A2>8 68;8I=K5 CA;>28O 8;8 AB0=>28BLAO 1574><=K<. > 40==K< =0 :>=5F 1993 3., 2 $ =0AG8BK20;>AL >:>;> 4 <;=. 1574><=KE (=D>@<0F8>==K9 1N;;5B5=L & -:>=><8G5A:85 8 A>F80;L=K5 ?5@5<5=K: <>=8B>@8=3 >1I5AB25==>3> <=5=8O. ., 1995, ! 4). > 40==K< , >:>;> 4 <;=. 1574><=KE =0AG8BK20;>AL 2 $ 8 2 1996 3. !@07C A:065< 8 > @0AE>40E =0 68;8I=>-:><<C=0;L=K5 CA;C38  ?;0BC 70 A>45@60=85 :20@B8@K, 2>4>?@>2>4, >B>?;5=85, 3>@OG55 2>4>A=0165=85 8 B.4.  !$! , :0: 8 2> 2A5< !!! , >A=>2=CN <0AAC @0AE>4>2 ?> A>45@60=8N 68;LO =5A;> 3>AC40@AB2>.  1989 3. =0 1 @C1;L 278<05<>9 A 68;LF>2 ?;0BK 1K;> 6 @C1;59 3>AC40@AB25==KE 4>B0F89.  A5<59=>< 1N465B5 @01>G8E 8 A;C60I8E @0AE>4K ?> >?;0B5 :20@B8@K 2 A@54=5< A>AB02;O;8 >:>;> 1%, 0 A> 2A5<8 :><<C=0;L=K<8 CA;C30<8  3%. "0:8< >1@07><, :>=AB8BCF8>==>5 ?@02> =0 68;8I5 2:;NG0;> 2 A51O 8 53> >1A;C6820=85 ?> >G5=L =87:8< 8 4>ABC?=K< 4;O 2A5E F5=0<.  E>45 @5D>@<K MB> ?>;>65=85 @57:> 87<5=8;>AL, 8 AB0;8 1KAB@> @0AB8 F5=K =0 C:070==K5 CA;C38. >:0 GB> >=8 40;5:> =5 4>AB83;8 =5 B>;L:> <8@>2>3> C@>2=O, => 4065 8 @50;L=>9 @K=>G=>9 F5=K 4;O >AA88. "5< =5 <5=55 C65 8 A59G0A A>45@60=85 :20@B8@K AB0;> 4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 3@0640= 206=>9 AB0BL59 A5<59=>3> 1N465B0. ">;L:> 70 2000 3. ?;0B0 70 68;8I=K5 CA;C38 2K@>A;0 2 $ =0 38,6%, 0 ?;0B0 70 :><<C=0;L=K5 CA;C38  =0 44,7%. 45:01@5 2001 3. ?> A@02=5=8N A 45:01@5< 2000 3. 68;8I=>-:><<C=0;L=K5 CA;C38 ?>4>@>60;8 =0 56,8%.  2 ?;0=0E ?@028B5;LAB20 >AB05BAO @048:0;L=0O 68;8I=>-:><<C=0;L=0O @5D>@<0 A ;8:2840F859 4>B0F89 4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 3@0640=.  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A>AB028; 89% >B C@>2=O 1990 3. 4;O ?@>4>2>;LAB25==KE B>20@>2 8 95% 4;O =5?@>4>2>;LAB25==KE. !0<K9 3;C1>:89 A?04 2 B>@3>2;5 ?@8H5;AO =0 1999 3.  >B C@>2=O 1990 3. 2 MB>B 3>4 1K;> :C?;5=> 75% ?@>4C:B>2 ?8B0=8O 8 87% =5?@>4>2>;LAB25==KE B>20@>2. 1>@>B >1I5AB25==>3> ?8B0=8O A=878;AO : 1998 3. 4> 33,6% >B C@>2=O 1990 3. @8 MB><, :0: 8 2 >B=>H5=88 4>E>4>2, ?@>87>H;> 3;C1>:>5 @0AA;>5=85 <564C @538>=0<8 ?> C@>2=N B>20@>>1>@>B0 (@8A. 3-7 8 3-8). -B> - 206=>5 87<5=5=85. >AB0B>G=> 1;87:89 ?> AB@C:BC@5 8 ?> :>;8G5AB25==K< ?>:070B5;O< C@>25=L ?>B@51;5=8O ?> B5@@8B>@88 AB@0=K CA8;8205B 5Q A2O7=>ABL, A>7405B 548=AB2> >1@070 687=8. 0 2@5<O A 1990 ?> 2000 3. @07=8F0 <564C @538>=0<8 2 @>7=8G=>< B>20@>>1>@>B5 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O 2K@>A;0 >B 3,1 4> 24,4 @07 8 2 >1J5<5 ?;0B=KE CA;C3 >B 3 4> 83,4 @07. 04> >B<5B8BL, GB> 2 ?;0=5 ?>B@51;5=8O 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 4065 !0=:B-5B5@1C@3 ;8H8;AO AB0BCA0 2B>@>9 AB>;8FK 8 @57:>, 2 4 @070, >BAB0; >B >A:2K ?> @>7=8G=><C B>20@>>1>@>BC =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O. >A:20 B0: @57:> 2K@20;0AL ?> C@>2=N ?>:C?>:, GB> <564C =5N 8 >AB0;L=>9 G0ABLN AB@0=K 2>7=8: =54>?CAB8<K9 @07@K2 2 >4=>< 87 206=59H8E A>F80;L=KE ?>:070B5;59. >;>65=85 AB>;8FK :0: >AB@>2:0 1;03>?>;CG8O 45AB018;878@C5B 3>AC40@AB2>. 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"5< =5 <5=55 2 F5;>< G8A;> <5AB 2 >1I5AB25==>< ?8B0=88 A>:@0B8;>AL =0 2/3. -B> ?@>87>H;> 70 AG5B A25@BK20=8O CA;C3 702>4A:8E AB>;>2KE. 0@0;87>20=0 8;8 ;8:2848@>20=0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 206=0O A>F80;L=0O A;C610. 0A5;5=8N $ AB0;8 ?@0:B8G5A:8 =54>ABC?=K <=>385 284C CA;C3 2 AD5@5 >B4KE0. 57:> ?>4>@>60;8 8 ?CB52:8 2 4><0 >B4KE0 8 =0 BC@107K, 8 B@0=A?>@B.  @57C;LB0B5, =0?@8<5@, G8A;> >B4KE02H8E =0 BC@8AB8G5A:8E 1070E A>:@0B8;>AL A 1990 ?> 1999 3. 2 38,7 @07  A 21 <;=. G5;>25: 4> 0,54 <;=. (2 2000 3. 0,58 <;=.). !8AB5<0 45BA:8E >74>@>28B5;L=KE CG@5645=89 2 !$!  4;O 45B59 2 2>7@0AB5 7-15 ;5B 1K;0 >A=>20=0 =0 A5B8 B0: =07K205<KE ?8>=5@A:8E ;035@59. 5 0=0;>30 2 AB@0=0E 0?040 =5 ACI5AB2C5B. >GB8 A A0<>3> =0G0;0 ?5@5AB@>9:8 ?8>=5@;035@O AB0;8 >1J5:B>< A8;L=>9 845>;>38G5A:>9 :0<?0=88 :0: 8=AB8BCB B>B0;8B0@=>3> >1I5AB20. -B> A@07C 65 @57:> CA;>6=8;> 2K?>;=5=85 ;035@O<8 8E >74>@>28B5;L=>9 DC=:F88. >340 =0G0;0AL M:>=><8G5A:0O @5D>@<0, ?8>=5@;035@O AB0;8 A25@BK20BL. 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A5 MB8 1;030 AB0;8 2 !$!  ?@82KG=>9 8 >1O70B5;L=>9 G0ABLN 1KB0 1>;LH8=AB20 =0A5;5=8O. 5D>@<0 =0=5A;0 ?> AD5@5 :C;LBC@K BO65;K9 C40@. ;02=>5, :>=5G=>, 2 B><, GB> ?@8=F8?80;L=> 87<5=8;>AL :0G5AB2> :C;LBC@=>9 ?@>4C:F88, F5==>AB=0O H:0;0 2K?CA:05<>9 <0AA>2>9 ?5G0B=>9 ?@>4C:F88, D8;L<>2, B50B@0;L=KE ?>AB0=>2>:. 4=0:> >F5=8BL :0G5AB25==K5 87<5=5=8O 2 40==>9 :=835 =5;L7O, ?>MB><C 745AL ?@82545=K ;8HL 15A?@8AB@0AB=K5 :>;8G5AB25==K5 ?>:070B5;8. @8<5@=> 2 4 @070 A>:@0B8;AO 70 3>4K @5D>@<K >1I89 B8@06 8740205<KE 2 $ :=83 8 1@>HN@ (A<. @8A. 3-27). '8A;> 65 8740205<KE =0720=89 A=878;>AL 3>@074> <5=LH5  A 51 BKA. 2 1985 3. 4> 30 2 1994 8 48 2 1999 3. 0B5< G8A;> =0720=89 2K@>A;> 2 2000 3. 4> 60 BKA. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> C G0AB8 =0A5;5=8O A>:@0B8;AO 4>ABC? : :=830<. >AA8O, :>B>@0O 2 =5402=5< ?@>H;>< >B=>A8;0AL : :0B53>@88 A0<KE G8B0NI8E AB@0=, A:0BK205BAO 2 G8A;> ?5@8D5@89=KE >1I5AB2 <0AA>2>9 :>A<>?>;8B8G5A:>9 :C;LBC@K. I5 1>;55 @57:8< 1K;> A>:@0I5=85 B8@060 8740205<KE 6C@=0;>2  : 1994 3. 1>;55 G5< 2 15 @07. ?@>G5<, @57:89 2A?;5A: B8@060 8740205<KE 6C@=0;>2 2 :>=F5 80-E 3>4>2 1K; 2@5<5==K< O2;5=85<, ?>@>645==K< 3;0A=>ABLN 2> 2@5<O ?5@5AB@>9:8. 4=0:> 8 4> MB>3>, C65 A 70-E 3>4>2, 2 !$!  ?>445@6820;AO >G5=L 2KA>:89 C@>25=L 8740=8O MB>3> <0AA>2>3> ?@>4C:B0 :C;LBC@K. 8=0<8:0 B8@060 6C@=0;>2 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 3-28. >?@5:8 CB25@645=8O< > B><, GB> ;8:2840F8O A>25BA:>3> >1I5AB25==>3> AB@>O A?>A>1AB2>20;0 @>ABC =0F8>=0;L=>3> A0<>A>7=0=8O 8 @0728B8N =0F8>=0;L=KE :C;LBC@, @50;L=K9 2K?CA: :C;LBC@=>9 ?@>4C:F88 =0 O7K:0E =0@>4>2 >AA88 A8;L=> A>:@0B8;AO. 0?@8<5@, 2 1990 3. =0 ;5738=A:>< O7K:5 1K;> 2K?CI5=> 3075B B8@06>< 5,2 <;=. M:7., 2 1996 3. MB>B B8@06 A>:@0B8;AO 4> 0,44 <;=., 8;8 2 12 @07, 0 A 1997 3. 40==KE > 2K?CA:5 3075B =0 MB>< O7K:5 =5B.  19,6 @070 A>:@0B8;AO : 1999 3. B8@06 3075B, 2K?CA:05<KE =0 BC28=A:>< O7K:5 8 B.4. "8@06 :=83, 2K?CA:05<KE =0 B0B0@A:>< O7K:5, A>:@0B8;AO A 1990 3. : 1998 3. 2 2,7 @070, 0 B8@06 6C@=0;>2 : 2000 3. C?0; 2 17,5 @07. ;O ?@8<5@0 ?@82545< 40==K5 > B8@065 6C@=0;>2, 2K?CA:05<KE =0 B0B0@A:>< O7K:5 (@8A. 3-29).  B@8 A ;8H=8< @070 A>:@0B8;AO 70 3>4K @5D>@<K ?> A@02=5=8N A> AB018;L=K< C@>2=5< :>=F0 80-E 3>4>2 2K?CA: EC4>65AB25==KE D8;L<>2. 0A5;5=85 ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?5@5AB0;> ?>A5I0BL :8=>B50B@K, => 8 G5@57 B5;52845=85 ?C1;8:0 ?>GB8 =5 ?>;CG05B =>2KE >B5G5AB25==KE D8;L<>2. 8=0<8:0 8E 2K?CA:0 ?>:070=0 =0 @8A. 3-30. A>1CN B>G:C =0 MB>< 3@0D8:5 A>AB02;O5B 2K?CA: ?>GB8 400 D8;L<>2 2 1991 3. 848<>, MB> A2O70=> A 548=>2@5<5==K< 2K?CA:>< D8;L<>2 A ?>;:8  B5E, :>B>@K5 2 A>25BA:>5 2@5<O =5 1K;8 4>?CI5=K : ?@>:0BC ?> 845>;>38G5A:8< A>>1@065=8O< 8;8 87-70 =87:>3> EC4>65AB25==>3> C@>2=O. #65 A =0G0;0 70-E 3>4>2 2 !$!  ?>445@6820;AO >G5=L 2KA>:89 C@>25=L ?>A5I5=8O B50B@>2  1>;55 70 <;=. 2 3>4. -B0 AD5@0 :C;LBC@=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 A>:@0B8;0AL 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K 1>;55 G5< 2 420 @070. 0 @8A. 3-31 ?@54AB02;5=0 48=0<8:0 ?>A5I5=8O B50B@>2. K =5 70B@038205< 745AL 1>;LHCN ?@>1;5<C A @5D>@<8@>20=85< 2A59 A8AB5<K >1@07>20=8O 2 >AA88. =0 =5 A2>48BAO : A>:@0I5=8N 2>7<>6=>AB59 4;O >154=52H59 G0AB8 =0A5;5=8O ?>;CG8BL 2KA>:>:0G5AB25==>5 >1@07>20=85, MB0 ?@>1;5<0 8<55B DC=40<5=B0;L=>5 8 =5 2K@0605<>5 2 :>;8G5AB25==KE ?>:070B5;OE :C;LBC@=>5 87<5@5=85. 4=0:> 8 2 G8AB> A>F80;L=>-M:>=><8G5A:>< ?;0=5 B5=45=F88 =51;03>?@8OB=K.  4>:;045 >A:><AB0B0 $ A:070=>:  2001 3. =01;N40;AO 40;L=59H89 @>AB ?@85<0 2 3>AC40@AB25==K5 2KAH85 8 A@54=85 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=K5 CG51=K5 702545=8O 2 >A=>2=>< 70 AG5B ?;0B=>3> >1CG5=8O... 0 CA;>28OE ?>;=>3> 2>7<5I5=8O 70B@0B =0 >1CG5=85 1K;> ?@8=OB> 675,6 BKA.G5;>25:, 8;8 53,5% (2 2000 3. A>>B25BAB25==> 553,5 BKA., 8;8 48,5%). K >AB02;O5< B0:65 2 AB>@>=5 206=K9 D0:B>@, >?@545;ONI89 1;03>A>AB>O=85 3@0640=,  :0G5AB2> >:@C60NI59 A@54K. 5A<>B@O =0 3;C1>:89 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20, M:>;>38G5A:0O >1AB0=>2:0 2 $ CEC4H05BAO. "0:, 48=0<8:0 >1@07>20=8O B>:A8G=KE >BE>4>2 ?@>872>4AB20 2K@0605BAO B0:8<8 G8A;0<8 (<;=. B): 2 1994 3. 75,1, 2 1995 3. 83,3, 2 1999 3. 108,1 8 2 2000 3. 131,1. @8 MB>< :0?8B0;>2;>65=8O 2 ?@8@>4>>E@0==K5 <5@>?@8OB8O A=860NBAO. 2>4 2 459AB285 AB0=F89 4;O >G8AB:8 AB>G=KE 2>4 A>AB028; 2 1985 3. <>I=>AB8 2,5 <;=. :C1. < 2 ACB:8, 2 1998 3. 0,6, 2 1999 3. 0,4 8 2 2000 3. 0,2. !8AB5<K >1>@>B=>3> 2>4>A=0165=8O, 22545==K5 2 459AB285 2 1985 3., 8<5;8 <>I=>ABL 20,8, 0 2 2000 3. 0,1 <;=. :C1. < 2 ACB:8. >GB8 2 7 @07 A>:@0B8;AO : 2000 3. 8 22>4 2 459AB285 CAB0=>2>: 4;O C;02;820=8O 8 >1572@56820=8O 2@54=KE 25I5AB2 87 >BE>4OI8E 307>2 (A 19,6 <;=. :C1. < 2 G0A 2 1985 3. 4> 3,1 2 2000 3.). 0745; 4. @><KH;5==>ABL 8 AB@>8B5;LAB2> AB>G=8:8: !B0B8AB8G5A:85 5653>4=8:8 0@>4=>5 E>7O9AB2> !$! . &!# !$! , >A:><AB0B !$! . >A:20. >AA89A:89 AB0B8AB8G5A:89 5653>4=8:. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: @><KH;5==>ABL >AA88. D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1998. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: !B@>8B5;LAB2> 2 >AA88. 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D8F80;L=>5 8740=85. >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20. 1996. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: =45:AK 8=B5=A82=>AB8 ?@><KH;5==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 (O=20@L 1993 3. - <0@B 2002 3.). &5=B@ M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K ?@8 ?@028B5;LAB25 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:20. 2002. =0;8B8G5A:0O A?@02:0 !>AB>O=85 45=56=>-:@548B=>9 A8AB5<K 8 @0AG5B>2 2 M:>=><8:5 2 2000 3>4C. &5=B@ M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K ?@8 ?@028B5;LAB25 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:20. 2001. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8: @0B:>A@>G=K5 M:>=><8G5A:85 ?>:070B5;8 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88, >A:><AB0B >AA88. >A:20, 0?@5;L 2002.  1930-5 3>4K, 2 E>45 =>2>3> MB0?0 8=4CAB@80;870F88, >AA8O ( !$! ) ?@52@0B8;0AL 2 ?@><KH;5==>-03@0@=CN AB@0=C. @><KH;5==>5 @0728B85 ?@>4>;60;>AL 4> :>=F0 80-E 3>4>2. -B>B ?@>F5AA =0 ?>A;54=59 AB0488 ?@54AB02;5= =0 @8A. 4-1. 04> =0?><=8BL, GB> ?@>F5AA 8=4CAB@80;870F88 =0G8=0O A 30-E 3>4>2 1K; 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 8=B5=A82=K<. 1J5< ?@>4C:F88 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 2 !$!  : 1940 3. 2K@>A ?> A@02=5=8N A 1913 3. 2 8,7 @07. >A;5 2>9=K AB@0=0 2ABC?8;0 2 =>2K9 MB0? 8=4CAB@80;L=>3> @0728B8O, 8 : 1980 3. >1J5< ?@><KH;5==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 1K; 2 161 @07 1>;LH5, G5< 2 1913 3. -B>B @>AB ?@>4>;60;AO 2 AB018;L=>< B5<?5 2?;>BL 4> 1990 3., :>340 2ABC?8;8 2 459AB285 70:>=K, >B<5=ONI85 ?@8=F8?K ?;0=>2>9 M:>=><8:8. 5D>@<0 >7=0G0;0, ?@5645 2A53>, ?@820B870F8N ?@><KH;5==KE ?@54?@8OB89  : 1997 3. =53>AC40@AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O A>AB02;O;8 95,6% >1I53> G8A;0 ?@54?@8OB89 8 4020;8 89,6% ?@>4C:F88.  =08<5=LH59 AB5?5=8 1K;0 ?@820B878@>20=0 M;5:B@>M=5@35B8:0 (61,5% 55 ?@54?@8OB89 2 1997 3. 1K;8 =53>AC40@AB25==K<8). 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E>7O9AB20 ?>72>;8; A>548=8BL M;5:B@>AB0=F88 8 @0A?@545;8B5;L=K5 A5B8 2 48=CN M=5@35B8G5A:CN A8AB5<C  C=8:0;L=>5 A>>@C65=85, A2O702H55 AB@0=C =0456=K<8 ;8=8O<8 M=5@3>>15A?5G5=8O 8 402H55 1>;LH>9 M:>=><8G5A:89 MDD5:B 70 AG5B ?5@51@>A:8 M=5@388 ?> 4>;3>B5 2> 2@5<O ?8:>2KE =03@C7>: 2 @07=KE G0A>2KE ?>OA0E. ;O >15A?5G5=8O M;5:B@>M=5@3859 =>2>3> F8:;0 8=4CAB@80;870F88 8 D>@<8@>20=8O AB@C:BC@ ?>AB8=4CAB@80;L=>3> E>7O9AB20 1K;0 =0G0B0 -=5@35B8G5A:0O ?@>3@0<<0, :>B>@0O 4>;6=0 1K;0 =0 F5;K9 8AB>@8G5A:89 ?5@8>4 A>740BL M=5@35B8G5A:CN 107C AB@0=K A 30@0=B8@>20==K< C@>2=5< A=0165=8O, :0: C A0<KE @0728BKE AB@0=.  =0G0;C @5D>@< 2 :>=F5 80-E 3>4>2 MB0 ?@>3@0<<0 1K;0 2K?>;=5=0 =0?>;>28=C. @5:@0I5=85 -=5@35B8G5A:>9 ?@>3@0<<K 1K;> >4=8< 87 ?5@2KE 0:B>2 @5D>@<K 2 !!! . 4=0:> 48=0O M=5@35B8G5A:0O A8AB5<0 >:070;0AL B@C4=> ?>440NI59AO @0AG;5=5=8N 8 ?@820B870F88 2 E>45 @5D>@<K. > A8E ?>@ @5D>@<0  -! =0B0;:8205BAO =0 1>;LH85 ?>;8B8G5A:85 B@C4=>AB8. "5< =5 <5=55 M;5:B@>M=5@35B8:0 ?>=5A;0 2 E>45 @5D>@<K BO65;K9 C@>=. @5645 2A53>, ?@>87>H5; @57:89 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20, :>B>@K9 ;8HL 2 <0;>9 AB5?5=8 :><?5=A8@>20= 2 2000-2001 33. 8=0<8:0 MB>3> ?@>F5AA0 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 4-2.  B> 65 2@5<O, 2 @57C;LB0B5 A>F80;L=KE 87<5=5=89 2 MB>9 1>;LH>9 ?@>872>4AB25==>9 A8AB5<5 8 CEC4H5=8O B5E=>;>38G5A:>9 A8BC0F88 ?@>87>H5; 7=0G8B5;L=K9 >B:0B 2 ?@>872>48B5;L=>AB8 B@C40. "@05:B>@8O =5?@5@K2=>3> @>AB0 ?@>872>48B5;L=>AB8 B@C40 2 M;5:B@>M=5@35B8:5 1K;0 ?@5@20=0 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 1KAB@>, A:0G:>>1@07=>  2 ?5@2K9 65 3>4 @5D>@<K.  =0AB>OI5<C 2@5<5=8 >=0 C?0;0 7=0G8B5;L=> =865 C@>2=O 1970 3. 8 242>5 =865 C@>2=O 1990 3. -B>B ?@>F5AA ?>:070= =0 @8A. 4-3 (AG8B0O, GB> G8A;5==>ABL ?5@A>=0;0 70 1970-1990 33. 2 >B45;L=K5 3>4K @57:> =5 <5=O;0AL). 4=0:> 3;02=>5 >B@8F0B5;L=>5 2>7459AB285 @5D>@<K =0 M;5:B@>M=5@35B8:C 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> A@07C 65 ?>A;5 1990 3. @57:> A=878;AO B5<? >1=>2;5=8O >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 >B@0A;8. 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M=5@3>5<:>ABL 548=8FK ?@>4C:F88 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 1K;0 =0 26,7% 2KH5, G5< 2 1990 3. @C38< 206=K< CA;>285< AB018;L=>3> @0728B8O =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20 8 1;03>A>AB>O=8O 3@0640= O2;O5BAO >15A?5G5==>ABL <8=5@0;L=K<8 M=5@3>=>A8B5;O<8  =5DBLN 8 307><. A:;NG8B5;L=> 206=>5 <5AB> 70=8<05B ?>MB><C =5DB54>1K20NI0O ?@><KH;5==>ABL. 0 70-5 3>4K 2 !$!  1K; A>740= <>I=K9 =5DB54>1K20NI89 :><?;5:A, B0: GB> 2 80-5 3>4K 4>1KG0 ?>445@6820;0AL =0 C@>2=5 550-570 <;=. B.  3>4K @5D>@<K >1J5< 4>1KG8 1KAB@> C?0; 4> 303-305 <;=. B, B.5. 2 1,8-1,9 @070. @8 MB>< >4=>2@5<5==> ?@>8AE>48;> ?045=85 ?@>872>48B5;L=>AB8 B@C40 2 >B@0A;8.  1988 3. =0 >4=>3> @01>B=8:0, 70=OB>3> 2 =5DB54>1K20NI89 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, ?@8E>48;>AL 4,3 BKA. B>== 4>1KB>9 =5DB8, 0 2 1998 3. - 1,05 BKA. B. 8=0<8:0 ?>:070B5;59 4>1KG8 8 G8A;5==>AB8 @01>B=8:>2 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 4-5. "0:8< >1@07><, =5A<>B@O =0 ACI5AB25==K9 B5E=8G5A:89 ?@>3@5AA, :>B>@K9 8<5; <5AB> 2 >B@0A;8 70 45AOBL ;5B, @0AG;5=5=85 1>;LH>3> 3>AC40@AB25==>3> :>=F5@=0 8 ?5@540G0 MB>9 A0<>9 @5=B015;L=>9 2 @>AA89A:>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 >B@0A;8 2 G0AB=K5 @C:8 ?@825;8 : ?045=8N 3;02=>3> ?>:070B5;O MDD5:B82=>AB8 ?@>872>4AB20 ?@8<5@=> 2 4 @070! 8HL 2 2000-2001 33., 2 CA;>28OE 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2KA>:8E F5= =0 =5DBL =0 <8@>2>< @K=:5, ?>;>65=85 =5A:>;L:> C;CGH8;>AL (2 @0AG5B5 =0 >4=>3> @01>B=8:0 4>1KB> 1,2 BKA. B =5DB8).  >AA88 A>:@0I05BAO 4>1KG0 M=5@3>=>A8B5;59 8 C25;8G8205BAO 8E M:A?>@B. >2>@8BAO 8 > ?;0=0E ?>AB@>9:8 =>2KE 1>;LH8E B@C1>?@>2>4>2 4;O M:A?>@B0 - 8 =0 0?04, 8 2 78N.  2001 3. 4>1KB> 337 <;=. B =5DB8, 0 M:A?>@B8@>20=> 158,6 <;=. B. AK@>9 =5DB8 8 69,2 <;=. B =5DB5?@>4C:B>2. "> 5ABL M:A?>@B =5DB8 2 AK@>< 2845 8 2 2845 =5DB5?@>4C:B>2 A>AB028; 227,8 <;=. B, 8;8 67,6% 55 4>1KG8 2 $ (?@8 MB>< 2 AB@0=K ! CH;> ;8HL 11% M:A?>@B=>9 =5DB8). ;O A?@02:8: 2 !!!  2 1990 3. 1K;> 4>1KB> 571 <;=. B =5DB8, M:A?>@B AK@>9 =5DB8 A>AB028; 109 <;=. B, 0 M:A?>@B =5DB5?@>4C:B>2 50 <;=. B. "0:8< >1@07><, =0 M:A?>@B CH;> >:>;> 27,8% 4>1KB>9 =5DB8. !@02=8< A 1985 3. ">340 2 !$!  1K;> 4>1KB> 542 <;=. B =5DB8, 0 2K2575=> (70 2KG5B>< 22>70) 185,3 <;=. B AK@>9 =5DB8 8 =5DB5?@>4C:B>2. "0:8< >1@07><, 2 !$!  4;O 2=CB@5==53> ?>B@51;5=8O 2 1985 3. >AB0;>AL 356,7 <;=. B =5DB8 8;8 ?> 2,51 B =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O.  2001 3. =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O 2 $ >AB0;>AL 4;O A>1AB25==>3> ?>B@51;5=8O 109,2 <;=. B =5DB8 8;8 0,76 B =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O  ;8HL 30% >B B>3>, G5< @0A?>;030; 68B5;L !$!  2 1985 3. -=5@3>=>A8B5;8, <8=5@0;L=K5 C4>1@5=8O 8 <5B0;;K (8E B>65 <>6=> AG8B0BL <0B5@80;87>20==>9 M=5@3859) O2;ONBAO 3;02=K<8 AB0BLO<8 @>AA89A:>3> M:A?>@B0, =5>1E>48<>3> 4;O >1A;C6820=8O 2=5H=53> 4>;30. >MB><C 2>7<>6=>AB8 A=865=8O M:A?>@B0 M=5@3>=>A8B5;59 =5 ?@542848BAO. "0:8< >1@07><, 4;O 2=CB@5==53> ?>B@51;5=8O >AA88 >AB05BAO =51>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> =5DB8.  1999 3. !( ?>B@518;8 1 <;@4. B>== =5DB8, 0 $ - >:>;> 100 <;=. 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B.). -:A?>@B C3;O 87 $ :>;51;5BAO 2 @09>=5 14-17% >B ?@>872>4AB20, 0 8<?>@B A>AB02;O5B 10-12% >B ?>B@51;5=8O. @8 MB>< 2 >B@0A;8 ?@>8AE>48B 1KAB@>5 2K1KB85 >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 (8,8% 2 1996 3. 8 7,3% 2 1997 3.) ?@8 @57:>< A=865=88 B5<?>2 >1=>2;5=8O  22>40 2 459AB285 =>2KE >A=>2=KE D>=4>2. >MDD8F85=B >1=>2;5=8O >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 2 C3>;L=>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, A 1970 ?> 1985 3. ?>445@68202H89AO =0 C@>2=5 11-11,5%, C?0; : 1994 3. 4> 2%, 0 70B5< :>;510;AO =0 C@>2=5 2,3-2,4%. 04> >B<5B8BL, GB> 70:@KB85 H0EB 8 @57:>5 A>:@0I5=85 4>1KG8 C3;O =01;N40;>AL 4065 2 B0:8E @538>=0E, 345 C3>;L O2;O5BAO >A=>2=K< B>?;82>< 4;O B5?;>M;5:B@>AB0=F89 8 206=59H8< @5AC@A>< 687=5>15A?5G5=8O =0A5;5=8O, :0:, =0?@8<5@, 2 @8<>@A:>< :@05 8;8 <C@A:>9 >1;0AB8. 57C;LB0B>< AB0; BO65;K9 B>?;82=K9 :@878A 2 @8<>@L5, ;8:2848@>20==K9 A 1>;LH8< ?5@5@0AE>4>< A@54AB2. >=AB@C:F8>==K5 <0B5@80;K ;O :@C?=KE 8=4CAB@80;L=KE 45@602 ?@>872>4AB2> AB0;8 B@048F8>==> @0AA<0B@8205BAO :0: 206=K9 ?>:070B5;L @0728B8O M:>=><8:8. 5;57> - DC=40<5=B F828;870F88. !B0;L O2;O5BAO >A=>2=K< :>=AB@C:F8>==K< <0B5@80;>< 4;O <0H8=>AB@>5=8O, 8 ?> 48=0<8:5 55 ?>B@51;5=8O <>6=> AC48BL > @0728B88 <0H8=>AB@>5=8O 8 AB@>8B5;LAB20, :>B>@K5 2 A2>N >G5@54L >?@545;ONB 8=25AB8F8>==K5 2>7<>6=>AB8 M:>=><8:8. 8=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 AB0;8 2 !$!  8 $ ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 4-8. 0 70-5 3>4K ?@>872>4AB2> AB0;8 2K@>A;> =0 B@5BL, 0 70B5< 4>AB83;> <0:A8<C<0 (94 <;=. B) 2 1988 3. 0G02H0OAO 2 B>< 65 3>4C ?5@5AB@>9:0 M:>=><8G5A:>9 A8AB5<K 2K720;0 A>:@0I5=85 ?@>872>4AB20 AB0;8, :>B>@>5 ?@8=O;> >120;L=K9 E0@0:B5@ 2 1991 3.  1998 3. C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 A=878;AO 1>;55 G5< 2 420 @070 (4> 43,6 <;=. B).  1999-2000 33. =01;N40;>AL =5:>B>@>5 >682;5=85 ?@>872>4AB20, E>BO >1 CAB>9G82>9 B5=45=F88 : @>ABC 3>2>@8BL ?>:0 @0=>  2 2001 3. ?@8@>AB0 ?@>872>4AB20 AB0;8 =5 1K;>. "0:8< >1@07><, ?@>872>4AB2> AB0;8 2 $ 70 3>4K @5D>@<K @57:> A>:@0B8;>AL 8, ?>-2848<><C, AB018;878@C5BAO =0 C@>2=5, 7=0G8B5;L=> 1>;55 =87:><, =565;8 2 70-5 3>4K. @><5 B>3>, G5@=0O <5B0;;C@38O 2 1>;LH>9 <5@5 AB0;0 @01>B0BL =0 M:A?>@B, B0: GB> 4;O 2=CB@5==53> ?>B@51;5=8O 2 =0@>4=>< E>7O9AB25 >AA88 >AB05BAO A>2A5< =5<=>3> AB0;8.  1996 8 1997 33. 5653>4=K9 M:A?>@B 2 AB@0=K 2=5 ! 65;570 8 AB0;8 2 A;8B:0E, ?>;CD01@8:0B0E 8 ?@>:0B5 A>AB02;O; 20,5 <;=. B.  ?>GB8 ?>;>28=C >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20.  1999-2000 33. M:A?>@B A>AB02;O; >:>;> 23 <;=. B>== 2 3>4. !> AB@0=0<8 ! 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"0:8< >1@07><, :>340 1C45B 87@0AE>4>20= @5AC@A ?0@:0 M:A:020B>@>2, ?>AB02;5==KE E>7O9AB2C 2 A>25BA:>5 2@5<O, 1C4CB ?>=52>;5 @57:> A25@=CBK 8 B0: C65 =57=0G8B5;L=K5 >1J5<K 75<;O=KE @01>B. ;02=>9 1>;LH>9 <0H8=>9 =0 AB@>8B5;LAB25 740=89 8 A>>@C65=89 O2;ONBAO 10H5==K5 :@0=K. 8=0<8:0 8E ?@>872>4AB20 2 >AA88 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 4-24. >A;5 B>3>, :0: 2 A5@548=5 80-E 3>4>2 1K;> >A2>5=> ?@>872>4AB2> :@0=>2 =>2>3> ?>:>;5=8O 8 >1J5< 2K?CA:0 1K; 2=>2L 4>2545= 4> 2,5 BKA. :@0=>2 2 3>4, =0G0;0AL @5D>@<0 8 ?@>87>H5; :0B0AB@>D8G5A:89 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20, :>B>@>5 2 1996-1999 33. 1K;> ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?@5:@0I5=>  2 2000 3. 1K;> 2K?CI5=> 36 HBC:. 5=0<=>3> ;CGH5 >1AB>8B 45;> 8 A ?@>872>4AB2>< :@0=>2 =0 02B><>18;L=>< E>4C  =570<5=8<>9 <0AA>2>9 <0H8=K 2 AB@>8B5;LAB25 8 =0 B@0=A?>@B5. 0G8=0O A A5@548=K 70-E 3>4>2 2 >AA88 ?>445@6820;AO AB018;L=K9 C@>25=L 8E ?@>872>4AB20 >:>;> 15 BKA. <0H8= 2 3>4.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K MB> ?@>872>4AB2> 1K;> ?@0:B8G5A:8 A25@=CB>, C?02 2 1998 3. 4> 1,1 BKA. => AB0;> ?>AB5?5==> 2>AAB0=02;820BLAO =0G8=0O A 1999 3. 8=0<8:0 ?@>F5AA0 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 4-25. 5>1E>48<K<8 4;O AB@>8B5;LAB20 <0H8=0<8 O2;ONBAO 1C;L4>75@K 8 3@5945@K. 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"0:, :>MDD8F85=B >1=>2;5=8O >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 =5DB54>1K20NI59 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 A>AB02;O; 2 1970-1985 33. 11-12,5%, 2 1998 3.  1,7%, 2 2000 3. 2,9%; 2 E8<8G5A:>9 8 =5DB5E8<8G5A:>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 2 1970 3. >= 1K; 12,1%, 2 1998 3.  0,5% 8 2 2000 3. 0,8%; 2 <0H8=>AB@>5=88 8 <5B0;;>>1@01>B:5 2 1970 3. 12,7%, 0 2 1998 3. 0,4% 8 2 2000 3. 0,7%. !8;L=55 2A53> ?>AB@040;0 ;53:0O ?@><KH;5==>ABL: 2 1970 3. 55 >A=>2=K5 D>=4K 1K;8 >1=>2;5=K =0 10,2%, 0 2 1999 3. =0 0,3%. @8 B5<?5 >1=>2;5=8O 1% 2 3>4 >A=>2=K5 D>=4K ?@><KH;5==>AB8, 2:;NG0O <0H8=K 8 >1>@C4>20=85, 4>;6=K @01>B0BL 4> 8E 70<5=K 100 ;5B. -B> @02=>A8;L=> ?>;=>9 ;8:2840F88 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 >AA88. @8<5G0=85 A>AB028B5;59. 45AL <K AG8B05< 2>7<>6=K< 40BL >4=> <5B>4>;>38G5A:>5 70<5G0=85, :>B>@>5 ?><>65B G8B0B5;N A45;0BL 87 48=0<8:8 ?>A;54=8E 42CE 45AOB8;5B89 A2>8 ?@>3=>7K =0 1C4CI55.  ?>A;54=55 2@5<O <=>3> 3>2>@8BAO >1 M:>=><8G5A:>< @>AB5, :>B>@K9 8<5; <5AB> 2 2000-2001 33. 8=0<8:0 <=>38E ?>:070B5;59, ?@82545==KE 2 :=835, :0: 1C4B> ?>4B25@6405B B0:CN >F5=:C. 0 =0H 273;O4, >4=0:>, ?@8<5=OBL A;>2> @>AB ?>:0 GB> =5?@02><5@=>. @5645 2A53>, 420 3>40  A;8H:>< :>@>B:89 A@>: 4;O ?@>O2;5=8O B5=45=F88 : @>ABC. > 3;02=>5 4065 =5 2 A@>:5, 0 2 B>< D0:B5, GB> >BACBAB2C5B =5>1E>48<0O 8 =5C<>;8<0O ?@54?>AK;:0 4;O @>AB0 ?@>872>4AB20  ?@5420@8B5;L=K9, =0G02H89AO 70 =5A:>;L:> ;5B 4> MB>3> @>AB :0?8B0;>2;>65=89 2 E>7O9AB2>. 'B>1K 8<5; <5AB> @>AB ?@>872>4AB20, =5>1E>48<> A>740=85 =>2KE 8;8 <>45@=870F8O (E>BO 1K 2>AAB0=>2;5=85) AB0@KE >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 8 B@0=A?>@B0. 04> ?@8 MB>< ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> 4065 >G5=L 1>;LH85 8=25AB8F88 =5 <>3CB 2K720BL =5<54;5==>3> CAB>9G82>3> @>AB0 ?@>872>4AB20  =0 ?@52@0I5=85 8=25AB8F89 2 455A?>A>1=K5 ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 B@51C5BAO 2@5<O. >:0 65 8 @>AB0 8=25AB8F89 =5 ?@>87>H;>, B0: GB> <>6=> 3>2>@8BL ;8HL > :>;510=8OE C@>2=O ?@>872>4AB20 2 @0<:0E 8<5NI8EAO ?@>872>4AB25==KE <>I=>AB59. >A:>;L:C =58A?>;L7C5<K5 <>I=>AB8 CAB0@520NB 8 453@048@CNB, A>:@0I5=85 :0?8B0;>2;>65=89 2 B5G5=85 90-E 3>4>2 =5<8=C5<> >7=0G05B 8 A>:@0I5=85 ?@>872>4AB25==KE 2>7<>6=>AB59. -B>B ?@>F5AA =5 O2;O5BAO =03;O4=K< B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 4065 A>:@0B82H85AO <>I=>AB8 8A?>;L7CNBAO A59G0A =5 ?>;=>ABLN. > =52848<K9 ?>B>;>: O2;O5BAO =5?@5>4>;8<K< >3@0=8G5=85< 4;O =0AB>OI53> @>AB0 M:>=><8:8, 8 MB>B ?>B>;>: ?>:0 GB> A=8605BAO. 0?@8<5@, 2 1990 3. 2 !$!  8<5;8AL ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 4;O 2K?CA:0 264 BKA. B@0:B>@>2 (2 B>< 3>4C 1K;> 2K?CI5=> 214 BKA. 8, ?> 40==K< &!#, ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 1K;8 703@C65=K =0 81%). >65B ;8 A53>4=O 1KBL 2>AAB0=>2;5= C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 1990 3. 157 A>740=8O =>2KE <>I=>AB59? 5B, ?>A:>;L:C, 4065 ?> 40==K< >A:><AB0B0 $, ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 ?>72>;ONB 2K?CAB8BL B>;L:> 101 BKA. B@0:B>@>2 2 3>4  2 2000 3. 1K;> ?@>872545=> 19,3 BKA. B@0:B>@>2 ?@8 C@>2=5 703@C7:8 <>I=>AB59 19% (MB8 40==K5 ?@54AB02;5=K =0 @8A. 4-28 8 2 B01;8F5 4-6). =0;>38G=>, 2 1990 3. 2 !$!  8<5;8AL <>I=>AB8 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 443 <;=. ?0@ >1C28 (1K;> 2K?CI5=> 385 <;=. ?0@).  2000 3. 1K;> 2K?CI5=> 32 <;=. ?0@ >1C28, 8 ?@8 MB>< ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 1K;8 703@C65=K =0 29%. =0G8B, 4065 ?@8 ?>;=>9 703@C7:5 <>I=>AB59 <0:A8<0;L=K9 2K?CA: >1C28 2 $ <>3 1K 4>AB83=CBL 2 2000 3. ;8HL C@>2=O 110 <;=. ?0@  2 4 @070 <5=LH5, G5< 2 1990 3. -BC 2708<>7028A8<>ABL <>6=> ?>OA=8BL A;54CNI8< CA;>2=K< @8AC=:>< (@8A. 4-87). >?CAB8<, 2 >B@0A;L, ?@>872>4OICN ?@>4C:B %, 2 1970-2000 33. 45;0;8AL :0?8B0;>2;>65=8O 2 >A=>2=K5 ?@>872>4AB25==K5 D>=4K 2 A>>B25BAB288 A :@82>9 1, :>B>@>9 =0 @8AC=:5 A>>B25BAB2C5B ;520O H:0;0.  E>45 @5D>@<K, =0G8=0O A 1990 3., 8=25AB8F88 @57:> A>:@0B8;8AL. -B0 :@820O >B@0605B @50;L=CN 48=0<8:C :0?8B0;>2;>65=89 2 ?@><KH;5==>ABL, ?@82545==CN =0 @8A. 4-85. ;O ?@>AB>BK ?@8<5<, GB> :0?8B0;>2;>65=8O 2 >A=>2=K5 D>=4K 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 ?@>4C:B0 % 70:;NG0NBAO 2 ?@8>1@5B5=88 8 CAB0=>2:5 AB0=:>2 Y.  1970 3. 1K;> CAB0=>2;5=> 112 AB0=:>2 Y, 2 1980 3. 250, 2 1990 3. 337, 2 2000 3. 80 8 B.4. A5 >AB0;L=K5 <0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:85 CA;>28O ?@>872>4AB20 ?@>4C:B0 % ?@8<5< ?>AB>O==K<8. @8<5< B0:65, GB> >48= AB0=>: Y ?@>872>48B 2 3>4 1 548=8FC ?@>4C:B0 %. ;O ?@>AB>BK 1C45< AG8B0BL, GB> 2K1KB85 <>I=>AB59, 8AG5@?02H8E A2>9 @5AC@A, ?@>8AE>48B ?CB5< A?8A0=8O AB0=:0 Y, >BA;C682H53> 10 ;5B. -B>  ?@85<;5<>5 C?@>I5=85, E>BO, :>=5G=>, =5:>B>@K5 AB0=:8 2KE>4OB 87 AB@>O @0=LH5, 0 =5:>B>@K5 A;C60B 4>;LH5 CAB0=>2;5==>3> A@>:0. 50;L=CN 48=0<8:C 87<5=5=8O 2A53> ?0@:0 AB0=:>2 <>6=> >?8A0BL 1>;55 A;>6=K<8 C@02=5=8O<8, => ACB8 45;0 MB> =5 87<5=8;> 1K. "0:8< >1@07><, AB0=>G=K9 ?0@: Y (B.5. ?@>872>4AB25==K5 <>I=>AB8 4;O 2K?CA:0 ?@>4C:B0 %) 2 :064K9 <><5=B 2@5<5=8 @02=K G8A;C AB0=:>2 Y, 8<5NI8E 2>7@0AB <5=55 10 ;5B. @54?>;>68< B0:65, GB> 2 2002-2010 33. 1C45B A>E@0=OBLAO C@>25=L 8=25AB8F89, @02=K9 C@>2=N 2001 3. AE>4O 87 ?@8=OBKE 4>?CI5=89, <K ?>;CG05< :@82CN 2  48=0<8:C 25;8G8=K ?@>872>4AB25==KE <>I=>AB59.  1980 3. 2 459AB288 1K;> 1935 AB0=:>2 Y, 2 1990 3. 3091, 2 2000 3. 1296. @82>9 2 =0 3@0D8:5 A>>B25BAB2C5B ?@020O H:0;0. -B0 :C<C;OB82=0O :@820O >3@0=8G8205B B> ?@>AB@0=AB2>, 2 :>B>@>< 8 <>65B 87<5=OBLAO C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20.  8450;L=>< A;CG05, ?@8 ?>;=>9 703@C7:5 ?@>872>4AB25==KE <>I=>AB59, :@820O C@>2=O ?@>872>4AB20 A>;L5BAO A :@82>9 2. > =0G0;0 @5D>@<K >1KG=0O AB5?5=L 703@C7:8 8<5NI8EAO <>I=>AB59 A>AB02;O;0 80-90% <>I=>AB59.  =0H5< CA;>2=>< ?@8<5@5 2 1985 3. =0 2525 AB0=:0E Y 1K;> ?@>872545=> 2150 548=8F ?@>4C:B0 %  703@C7:0 <>I=>AB59 A>AB02;O;0 85,1%, 2 1990 3. =0 3091 AB0=:5 Y ?@>872545=> 2700 548=8F ?@>4C:B0 % 8 B.4.  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D8=0=A>2>< A>AB>O=88 :>;;5:B82=KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 70 1991-2000 33.. &5=B@ M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K ?@8 @028B5;LAB25 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:20. 2002. 0CG=>-B5E=8G5A:>5 @0728B85 03@>?@><KH;5==>3> :><?;5:A0 >AA88. 8=8AB5@AB2> A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:20. 2000. @0B:>A@>G=K5 M:>=><8G5A:85 ?>:070B5;8 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88, >A:><AB0B >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. >A:20, 0?@5;L 2002. !5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>  >4=0 87 A8AB5<>>1@07CNI8E >B@0A;59 M:>=><8:8 ;N1>9 AB@0=K. =5 7028A8<>AB8 >B ?>G25==>-:;8<0B8G5A:8E CA;>289 4065 A0<K5 @0728BK5 ?@><KH;5==K5 AB@0=K 2:;04K20NB >G5=L 1>;LH85 A@54AB20 2 @0728B85 >B5G5AB25==>3> A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20. <5NI85AO 2 AB@0=5 75<5;L=K5 C3>4LO ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 15A?;0B=> 40==CN @8@>4>9 >3@><=CN ?@>872>48B5;L=CN A8;C. "@C4  >B5F 1>30BAB20, 0 75<;O  53> <0BL  MB>B ?>ABC;0B M:>=><8G5A:>3> CG5=8O D878>:@0B>2 1K; 2:;NG5= 8 2 ?>;8B8G5A:CN M:>=><8N.  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"5< =5 <5=55 2?;>BL 4> @048:0;L=>9 @5D>@<K, =0G0B>9 2 1988 3., A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> !$!  @072820;>AL A 2KA>:8< 8 AB018;L=K< B5<?><. 1 MB>< 3>2>@OB >1J5:B82=K5 ?>:070B5;8, =5 7028AOI85 >B 845>;>38G5A:8E >F5=>:. 5D>@<0 ?@825;0 : BO65;59H5<C :@878AC 2A53> A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20  8 @0AB5=852>4AB20, 8 682>B=>2>4AB20. > >B=>H5=8N : C@>2=N 1990 3. 2 1998 3. 2 $ 1K;> ?@>872545=> 56% ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20, 0 2 1999 3. 58%. =AB8BCF8>=0;L=K5 87<5=5=8O 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 5D>@<0 >7=0G0;0 @52>;NF8>==>5 87<5=5=85 >@30=870F88 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 8 53> >B=>H5=89 A> A<56=8:0<8, ?>B@518B5;O<8 8 3>AC40@AB2><. 5D>@<0 87<5=8;0 >1I5AB25==K9 AB@>9 >AA88 2 G0AB8 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 8 2A53> 687=5CAB@>9AB20 @>AA89A:>9 45@52=8. > =0G0;0 @048:0;L=KE @5D>@<, 2 1989 3., 2 !$!  459AB2>20;> 12,9 BKA. 3>AC40@AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89  A>2E>7>2  8 12,5 BKA. :>>?5@0B82=KE ?@54?@8OB89 - :>;E>7>2 (157 @K1>;>25F:8E).  A>2E>70E @01>B0;> 2 B>B <><5=B 5,6 <;=. G5;>25: 8 2 :>;E>70E 4 <;=. G5;>25:. A53> 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 68;> 38,8 <;=. G5;>25:. !5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 C3>4LO A>2E>7>2 A>AB02;O;8 119 <;=. 30, 87 =8E ?>A52=0O ?;>I04L 61,5 <;=. 30, C3>4LO :>;E>7>2 A>AB02;O;8 85,4 <;=. 30, 87 =8E >1I5AB25==>9 ?>A52=>9 ?;>I048 1K;> 52,3 <;=. 30. !>2E>7K 2 1989 3. ?@>8725;8 ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 (2 F5=0E 1983 3.) =0 48,8 <;@4. @C1., 0 :>;E>7K (A <56E>7O9AB25==K<8 ?@54?@8OB8O<8)  =0 33,4 <;@4. @C1. !>>B=>H5=85 ?@>4C:F88 @0AB5=852>4AB20 8 682>B=>2>4AB20 2 AB>8<>AB=>< 2K@065=88 A>AB02;O;> 2 F5;>< ?> 2A5< ?@54?@8OB8O< 1:1,6 (2 A>2E>70E 1:2).  1989 3. A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O ?@>8725;8, 2 AB>8<>AB=>< 2K@065=88, 77,6% ?@>4C:F88, 0 ;8G=K5 ?>4A>1=K5 E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O (?@8CA0451=K5 CG0AB:8, A04K 8 >3>@>4K)  22,4%. >A;5 8=B5=A82=>9 845>;>38G5A:>9 :0<?0=88 ?> 48A:@548B0F88 :>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2 :0: A>F80;L=>-?@>872>4AB25==KE A8AB5< 2 1992 3. 1K;0 =0G0B0 >1O70B5;L=0O ?5@5@538AB@0F8O MB8E ?@54?@8OB89.  1 >:BO1@O 1992 3. ?@>H;> ?5@5@538AB@0F8N 10,6 BKA. (42%) ?@54?@8OB89, ?@8G5< 8E =8E 4,5 BKA. (43%) @5H8;8 A>E@0=8BL A2>9 AB0BCA :>;E>7>2 8;8 A>2E>7>2. 0 1 O=20@O 1994 3. ?5@5@538AB@0F8N ?@>H;8 95% E>7O9AB2, 87 =8E 34% A>E@0=8;8 A2>9 AB0BCA.  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"0:8< >1@07><, ?@5645 2A53> ?@>87>H;> @074@>1;5=85 8 87<5=5=85 >@30=870F8>==>3> B8?0 1>;55 G5< 2/3 1K2H8E :@C?=KE ?@54?@8OB89  :>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2. =0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL 8 @5AC@A>2, 8 ?@>872>4AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 ?5@5<5AB8;0AL 87 ?@54?@8OB89 2 <5;:>5 ?@>872>4AB2>  2 E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O 8 D5@<5@A:85 (:@5ABLO=A:85) E>7O9AB20. 5D>@<0 ?@825;0 : @57:><C A>:@0I5=8N >1J5<>2 ?@>872>4AB20 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB8OE.  A>?>AB028<KE F5=0E D878G5A:89 >1J5< ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 ?@54?@8OB89 A>AB028; 2 1999 3. 37% >B C@>2=O 1990 3., 2 B>< G8A;5 44,2% 2 @0AB5=852>4AB25 8 32,5% 2 682>B=>2>4AB25.  2000 3. D878G5A:89 >1J5< ?@>4C:F88 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB8OE 2>7@>A ?> A@02=5=8N A ?@54K4CI8< 3>4>< =0 6,5%. 7<5=5=85 E0@0:B5@8AB8: A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 2K3;O48B B0:: "01;8F0 5-1. A=>2=K5 ?>:070B5;8 45OB5;L=>AB8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 199019992000'8A;> ?@54?@8OB89 =0 :>=5F 3>40, BKA.25,827,327,6'8A;> @01>B=8:>2 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>< ?@>872>4AB25, <;=.7,54,44,7!5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 C3>4LO, <;=. 30202,4152,7149,7>A52=0O ?;>I04L, <;=. 30112,173,069,1>3>;>2L5 A:>B0 (=0 :>=5F 3>40), <;=. 3>;>2:@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B045,317,316,4!28=5927,19,58,2@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88, <;=. B. :5@=0 (2 25A5 ?>A;5 4>@01>B:8)113,547,855,70@B>D5;O10,12,01,9!:>B0 8 ?B8FK (2 C1>9=>< 25A5)7,01,61,7>;>:041,415,815,5/8F, <;@4. HB.36,623,224,1(5@AB8, BKA. B1691515@8E>48BAO 2 A@54=5< =0 >4=> ?@54?@8OB85: 01>B=8:>2322188170>A52=>9 ?;>I048 2A5E :C;LBC@, BKA. 304,32,72,5>;>2 :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B01756615574!28=591050325273 0AG;5=5=85 A;>682H8EAO :@C?=KE ?@54?@8OB89 8 8E B5E=>;>38G5A:>9 107K  0:F8O, =5>1JOA=8<0O A B>G:8 7@5=8O E>7O9AB25==>9 MDD5:B82=>AB8.  1999 3. 2A5 3@C??K A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 A G8A;5==>ABLN 70=OBKE 4> 180 G5;>25:, 1K;8 C1KB>G=K<8 (2 2000 3. C1KB>G=K<8 1K;8 51% E>7O9AB2). -B> 284=> =0 4803@0<<5 @8A. 5-1. ! MB8<8 40==K<8 B5A=> :>@@5;8@C5B C@>25=L @5=B015;L=>AB8 8;8 C1KB>G=>AB8 ?@54?@8OB89 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B 4@C38E ?>:070B5;59 @07<5@0 E>7O9AB20. 0?@8<5@, >B :>;8G5AB20 A:>B0  2 1999 3. @5=B015;L=K<8 2 A@54=5< 1K;8 B>;L:> ?@54?@8OB8O A ?>3>;>2L5< :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 1>;55 1500 3>;>2, => B0:8E ?@54?@8OB89 2 $ >AB0;>AL 2A53> 3,4%.  B0:8E ?@54?@8OB8OE 3>4>2K5 70B@0BK =0 >4=C 3>;>2C A:>B0 A>AB02;O;8 2415 @C1., 0 =0 D5@<0E A ?>3>;>2L5< 4> 100 3>;>2  4685 @C1. 0 :@C?=KE ?@54?@8OB8OE ACB>G=K9 ?@825A =0 3>;>2C A>AB02;O; 409 3, 0 2 <0;KE (4> 100 3>;>2)  253 3. I5 1>;55 @078B5;L=> @07;8G0NBAO =04>8 =0 >4=C :>@>2C: 2 ?@54?@8OB8OE, 8<52H8E 1>;55 1000 :>@>2, =04>9 2 1999 3. A>AB02;O; 3167 :3, 0 2 B5E, :>B>@K5 45@60;8 <5=55 100 :>@>2,  1601 :3. "0:>2> ?>;>65=85 ?@54?@8OB89. 0 4@C3>< :>=F5 A?5:B@0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@>872>48B5;59 =0E>4OBAO E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O (2 >A=>2=>< 8E ?@54AB02;ONB ?@8CA0451=K5 E>7O9AB20 1K2H8E :>;E>7=8:>2 8 @01>G8E A>2E>7>2; :@><5 B>3>, 2 MBC :0B53>@8N 2E>4OB :>;;5:B82=K5 8 8=48284C0;L=K5 A04K 8 >3>@>4K).  548=>9 :>;E>7=>-?@8CA0451=>9 A8AB5<5 55 G0AB8 A?5F80;878@>20;8AL, 8 :0640O G0ABL ?@>872>48;0 B>, GB> ?>72>;O;> A =081>;LH59 MDD5:B82=>ABLN 8A?>;L7>20BL =0;8G=K5 @5AC@AK. 8:B> =5 A5O; =0 ?@8CA0451=>< CG0AB:5 ?H5=8FC  B0: :0: =0 1>;LH8E ?>;OE :>;E>7 ?@>872>48; 75@=> A 70B@0B0<8 B@C40 2A53> 1,2 G5;>25:>-G0A0 =0 F5=B=5@. @8CA0451=>5 E>7O9AB2> A?5F80;878@>20;>AL ?>GB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> =0 :0@B>D5;5  2 80-5 3>4K ?>GB8 ?>;>28=0 :0@B>D5;O 2K@0I820;0AL =0 A>B:0E. -B> :C;LBC@0 8=B5=A82=0O, >A>1KE ?@58<CI5AB2 55 2>745;K20=85 =0 1>;LH8E ?>;OE =5 8<5;>, ?>A:>;L:C 2 !!!  C1>@:0 ?@8E>48;0AL =0 4>64;82>5 2@5<O 8 2K?>;=O;0AL 2 >A=>2=>< 2@CG=CN. >340 =0G0;>AL @0AD>@<8@>20=85 :>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2, A5;> >BABC?8;> =0 ?>42>@LO. ! 1990 ?> 1999 3. ?;>I04L ;8G=>3> ?@8CA0451=>3> 75<;5?>;L7>20=8O 2K@>A;0 >B 3,25 <;=. 30 4> 6,14 <;=. 30, 0 A@54=89 @07<5@ CG0AB:0 A 20 A>B>: 4> 40. 57:> ?>2KA8;0AL 4>;O E>7O9AB2 =0A5;5=8O 2 ?@>872>4AB25 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F88 ?> A@02=5=8N A ?@54?@8OB8O<8.  1990 3. ?@54?@8OB8O ?@>872>48;8 73,7% ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 (2 D0:B8G5A:8 459AB2>202H8E F5=0E), 0 E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O 26,3%.  1998 3. ?@54?@8OB8O ?@>872>48;8 38,7%, 0 E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O 59,2% ?@>4C:F88.  1999 3. A>>B25BAB25==> 40,3% 8 57,2%.  1999 3. E>7O9AB20 =0A5;5=8O ?@>872>48;8 92% :0@B>D5;O, 2 2000 3. 92,4%. #A8;5=85 ?>42>@LO A 53> =87:>9 B5E=8G5A:>9 >A=0I5==>ABLN  ?@87=0: @07@CE8. 0@04>:A0;L=>, => 745AL @K=>G=0O @5D>@<0 ?@825;0 : A=865=8N B>20@=>AB8. > A@02=5=8N A 1985 3>4>< C65 2 1992 3>4C B>20@=>ABL ?@>872>4AB20 :0@B>D5;O A=878;0AL A 22 4> 8%. 0 ?5@2>< MB0?5 ?5@52>40 A:>B0 A D5@< =0 ?>42>@LO ?@8 ?>B5@5 1% ?>3>;>2LO :>@>2 B>20@=>ABL <>;>:0 2 >AA88 C?0;0 =0 26%.  682>B=>2>4AB25 845B @53@5AA 2 B5E=>;>388 8 A0=8B0@88. !:>B 701820NB =0 ?>42>@LOE, 8 <OA> ?@>40NB =0 4>@>30E 8 2 ?>42>@>B=OE. >B <0;5=L:0O 8 25AL<0 B8?8G=0O 2K45@6:0 87 >AC40@AB25==>3> 4>:;040 > A>AB>O=88 74>@>2LO =0A5;5=8O >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 2 1992 3>4C (., 1993): 0AB>@068205B @0AH8@5=85 0@50;0 A8=0=B@>?=>3> B@8E8=5;;570 8 C25;8G820NI55AO G8A;> 70@060NI8EAO& 01>;5205<>ABL B@8E8=5;;57><, 8<5NI0O 2A?KH5G=K9 E0@0:B5@, @538AB@8@>20;0AL 2 40 04<8=8AB@0B82=KE B5@@8B>@8OE >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88. A5 2A?KH:8 B@8E8=5;;570 2>7=8:;8 2 @57C;LB0B5 15A:>=B@>;L=>9 B>@3>2;8 A28=8=>9 ?>42>@=>3> C1>O 157 ?@>2545=8O A0=8B0@=>-25B5@8=0@=>9 M:A?5@B87K& @>3=>7 ?> 701>;5205<>AB8 =0A5;5=8O 35;L<8=B>70<8 =51;03>?@8OB=K9. BACBAB285 ;5G51=KE A@54AB2 A2>48B =0 =5B <=>3>;5B=85 CA8;8O CG@5645=89 74@02>>E@0=5=8O 8 A0=8B0@=>-M?845<8>;>38G5A:>9 A;C61K ?> >74>@>2;5=8N >G03>2 35;L<8=B>7>2. 0728B85 8 8=B5=A8D8:0F8O 8=48284C0;L=KE E>7O9AB2 (G0AB=>5 A28=>2>4AB2>, 2K@0I820=85 >2>I59, 75;5=8, O3>4=KE :C;LBC@ A 8A?>;L7>20=85< =5>1572@565==KE =5G8AB>B 4;O C4>1@5=8O) ?@82>48B : 703@O7=5=8N ?>G2K, >2>I59, O3>4, 8=20788 <OA0 8 <OA>?@>4C:B>2 (A. 99). 1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 2 E>7O9AB20E =0A5;5=8O ?@82545= 2 B01;. 5-2. "01;8F0 5-2. @>872>4AB2> =5:>B>@KE 284>2 ?@>4C:F88 2 E>7O9AB20E =0A5;5=8O 2 !$!  8 $ @>4C:F8O19901995199920000@B>D5;L, <;=. B20,435,928,831,42>I8, <;=. B3,18,39,59,7!:>B 8 ?B8F0 (2 C1>9=>< 25A5), <;=. B2,52,82,62,6>;>:>, <;=. B13,316,316,016,4/9F0, <;@4. HB.10,310,29,89,8(5@ABL, BKA. B56482323 0:>=5F, >A>1>9 :0B53>@859 O2;ONBAO D5@<5@A:85 (:@5ABLO=A:85) E>7O9AB20. 0 ?5@2>< MB0?5 @5D>@<K >=8 1K;8 ?@54AB02;5=K :0: 3;02=K9 B8? E>7O9AB20 =0 A5;5 2 1C4CI59 @K=>G=>9 A8AB5<5  B>340 ?>4G5@:820;0AL 8<5==> 8E ?@8@>40 :0: D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB2. =>38E 206=KE G5@B :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 D5@<K >=8, >4=0:>, 70 45AOBL ;5B =5 ?@8>1@5;8, ?>MB><C : 8E =0720=8N 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K 4>1028;>AL >?@545;5=85 :@5ABLO=A:85. A=>2=0O <0AA0 E>7O9AB2 (83%) 2>7=8:;0 4> 1995 3. (2:;NG8B5;L=>), G8A;> 2=>2L A>740==KE E>7O9AB2 A :064K< 3>4>< C<5=LH05BAO  2 1999 3., =0?@8<5@, 2>7=8:;> 2,6% D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB2.  1996 3. 2 $ 1K;> 280,1 BKA. B0:8E E>7O9AB2 A >1I59 ?;>I04LN 75<5;L=KE CG0AB:>2 12,0 <;=. 30.  2000 3. ?@>87>H;> =5:>B>@>5 C:@C?=5=85  G8A;> E>7O9AB2 A>:@0B8;>AL 4> 261,7 BKA., 0 >1I0O 75<5;L=0O ?;>I04L A>AB028;0 15,3 <;=. 30 (A@54=89 @07<5@ 75<5;L=>3> CG0AB:0 2K@>A A 43 4> 58 30). 41,6% 2A59 ?;>I048 70=8<0NB 13 BKA. A@02=8B5;L=> :@C?=KE D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB2 (5% >B >1I53> G8A;0), 8<5NI8E 1>;55 200 30 =0 E>7O9AB2>. 64% D5@<5@>2 A?5F80;878@CNBAO =0 ?@>872>4AB25 75@=>2KE, 12,9%  =0 <OA=>< 8 <>;>G=>< A:>B>2>4AB25. $5@<5@A:85 E>7O9AB20 7025;8, 2 >A=>2=><, A5;LA:85 A?5F80;8ABK, 8E >1@07>20B5;L=K9 C@>25=L >G5=L 2KA>:  36,6% @C:>2>48B5;59 E>7O9AB2 8<5NB A@54=55 A?5F80;L=>5 >1@07>20=85 8 20,1%  2KAH55. 75,4% 87 =8E 8<5NB 2>7@0AB 4> 50 ;5B. %>7O9AB20, 2 >A=>2=><, O2;ONBAO A5<59=K<8. !>3;0A=> 87CG5=8N 187,6 BKA. E>7O9AB2, 2 1999 3. 2A53> 2 =8E 1K;> 70=OB> 235,8 BKA. =05<=KE @01>B=8:>2 (2 A@54=5< 1,3 =0 >4=> E>7O9AB2>), ?@8G5< 2 A@54=5< >48= @01>B=8: 70 3>4 >B@01>B0; B>;L:> 43,9 G5;>25:>-4=O. 0B@0BK =0 >?;0BC B@C40 A >BG8A;5=8O<8 =0 A>F80;L=K5 =C64K A>AB02;O;8 2 AB@C:BC@5 @0AE>4>2 D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB2 2A53> 10% (1999 3.). $5@<5@A:85 E>7O9AB20 ?;>E> >A=0I5=K B5E=8:>9  =0 :>=5F 1999 3. 2 @0AG5B5 =0 100 E>7O9AB2 ?@8E>48;>AL B>;L:> 76 B@0:B>@>2 8 36 3@C7>28:>2. !@02=8B5;L=> =52KA>:0 8 B>20@=>ABL ?@>872>4AB20  2 1999 3. >B >1I53> >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 2 D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB20E @50;87>20=> ;8HL 51,9% 75@=0 8 57,9% A:>B0 8 ?B8FK =0 C1>9. 5A<>B@O =0 7=0G8B5;L=>5 C25;8G5=85, =0G8=0O A 1993 3., ?;>I048 ?@54>AB02;5==KE D5@<5@0< 75<5;L=KE C3>489, A>>B25BAB2CNI53> @>AB0 ?@>872>4AB20 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F88 2 MB>9 A8AB5<5 2 >1I5< =5 ?@>8AE>48B.  F5;>< 20;>2>9 C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 2 =59 >G5=L =5CAB>9G82, :0: MB> 284=> 87 @8A. 5-2. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 MB>9 :0B53>@88 E>7O9AB2, B> 2 @0AG5B5 =0 1 30 ?0H=8 >=0 =0G8=0O A 1993 3. 2 >A=>2=>< A=860;0AL 8 4065 2 A0<K5 C@>609=K5 3>4K 5I5 =5 2KH;0 =0 ?@56=89 C@>25=L. $5@<5@K =0E>4OBAO 2 B@C4=>< D8=0=A>2>< ?>;>65=88. !>3;0A=> >?@>AC 1999 3., 2 1998 3. 65,8% E>7O9AB2 1K;8 C1KB>G=K<8, 2 1999 3.  58,7%. 0 3@0=8 10=:@>BAB20 ?>AB>O==> =0E>4OBAO 11-12% E>7O9AB2. @8G8=0 B0:>3> ?>;>65=8O 2 B><, GB> AB0=>2;5=85 =>2>3> B8?0 E>7O9AB2 2 CA;>28OE 65AB:>9 :>=:C@5=F88 8=>AB@0==KE B>20@>?@>872>48B5;59, ?>;CG0NI8E >3@><=K5 AC1A8488, ?>GB8 =52>7<>6=> 157 ?>445@6:8 3>AC40@AB20. > <=5=8N 1>;LH8=AB20 >?@>H5==KE D5@<5@>2 MB0 ?>445@6:0 2 $ =5MDD5:B82=0.  B01;. 5-3 40=0 >F5=:0 MB>9 ?>445@6:8 ?> 8 3;02=K< 55 A>AB02;ONI8<. 7 B01;8FK 284=>, GB> >:>;> 80% D5@<5@>2 =0 ?@0:B8:5 =5 <>3CB ?>;CG8BL B>9 ?><>I8 3>AC40@AB20, :>B>@0O O2;O5BAO A>25@H5==> >1KG=>9 2> 2A5E AB@0=0E, 345 D5@<5@A:85 E>7O9AB20 ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 206=K9 B8? 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"01;8F0 5-3. 5@K 3>AC40@AB25==>9 ?>445@6:8 :@5ABLO=A:8E (D5@<5@A:8E) E>7O9AB2 2 1999 3>4C (2 % >B G8A;0 @5A?>=45=B>2) "8? ?>445@6:8!B5?5=L >ACI5AB2;5=8O <5@ ?>445@6:8ACI5AB2;O;8AL 2 >A=>2=><5 ACI5AB2;O;8AL =54>AB0B>G=>< >1J5<50B@C4=8;8AL >B25B8BL>;CG5=85 4>B0F89 8 :><?5=A0F89 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 @0AB5=852>4AB200,986,55,76,9>;CG5=85 4>B0F89 8 :><?5=A0F89 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 682>B=>2>4AB200,683,55,310,6!45@6820=85 F5= =0 M=5@35B8G5A:85 @5AC@AK0,779,83,615,9@548B>20=85 E>7O9AB2 ?>4 70;>3 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F881,581,85,711,0>;CG5=85 :@548B>2 87 !?5F80;L=>3> D>=40 4;O :@548B>20=8O >@30=870F89  =0 ;L3>B=KE CA;>28OE1,285,13,310,40@0=B8@>20=85 <8=8<0;L=>3> C@>2=O 70:C?>G=KE F5=0,780,92,515,9@54>AB02;5=85 <0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:8E @5AC@A>2 =0 CA;>28OE ;878=300,982,93,412,8 5AB@C:BC@870F8O 704>;65==>AB8 E>7O9AB20 ?>AB02I8:0<0,479,91,018,7 5D>@<0 8 M:>=><8G5A:85 CA;>28O 4;O 2545=8O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 725AB=>, GB> ?@>4C:B82=>5 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 2 A>2@5<5==>< <8@5 =5 <>65B ACI5AB2>20BL 157 CG0AB8O 3>AC40@AB20.  @07=KE AB@0=0E >=> >@30=87C5BAO ?>-@07=><C.  :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=0E >A=>2=>9 <5E0=87< 3>AC40@AB25==>9 ?>445@6:8  1N465B=K5 AC1A8488.  !!!  3;02=K< 1K; 3>AC40@AB25==K9 <5E0=87< ?;0=8@>20=8O F5=  :0: =0 >1>@C4>20=85 8 <0B5@80;K, 70:C?05<K5 :>;E>70<8 8 A>2E>70<8, B0: 8 70:C?>G=KE F5= =0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N. >B0F88 A;C68;8 4;O B>=:>9 =0AB@>9:8. "0:, 2 1988 3. 4>B0F88 =0 ?>:C?:C A5;LA:8< E>7O9AB2>< C4>1@5=89 8 <0H8= A>AB02;O;8 1,8 <;@4. @C1., 4>B0F88 C1KB>G=K< E>7O9AB20< B>65 1,8 <;@4. @C1. > 2@5<O ?5@5AB@>9:8 <=>3> 3>2>@8;>AL, GB> A>25BA:>5 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 4>B8@C5BAO 8 4>;6=> 1KBL @048:0;L=> @5D>@<8@>20=>.  :0:>9 65 AB5?5=8 2 B> 2@5<O 4>B8@>20;>AL A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> AB@0=, :>B>@K5 AB028;8AL 2 ?@8<5@ =0H5<C >B5G5AB25==><C? "01;8F0 5-4. N465B=K5 4>B0F88 A5;LA:><C E>7O9AB2C 2 70@C156=KE AB@0=0E 0 1 30 A5;LE>7. C3>489, 4>;;0@>20 1 70=OB>3>, BKA. 4>;;0@>21979-811984-861979-811984-86!(822209,528,2-!78110999,914,3/?>=8O5412113194,612,0 04> 70<5B8BL, GB> A2545=8O > <0AHB010E 3>AC40@AB25==>9 ?>445@6:8 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 2 @0728BKE :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=0E >AB020;8AL <0;>8725AB=K<8 4;O H8@>:>9 ?C1;8:8 2 3>4K ?5@5AB@>9:8 8 @5D>@<K.  1989 3.  8=D>@<0F88 8 B5E=8:>-M:>=><8G5A:8E 8AA;54>20=89 03@>?@><KH;5==>3> :><?;5:A0 8740; A1>@=8: 5:>B>@K5 ?@>1;5<K A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 70@C156=KE AB@0=, 2 :>B>@>< ?@825; ?>4@>1=CN A2>4:C > 25;8G8=5 8 AB@C:BC@5 3>AC40@AB25==KE AC1A8489 8 4>B0F89 =0 0?045. K ?@82>48< >BBC40 =5:>B>@K5 40==K5.  1984-1986 33. 2 !$!  8A?>;L7>20;>AL 218,4 <;=. 30 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE C3>489. 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"0:, 2 A57>= 1984/85 2 -! 4>B0F88 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> A0E0@=>9 A25:;K A>AB02;O;8 142% D5@<5@A:>9 F5=K. @><5 B>3>, 0?04 ?>445@68205B A2>5 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 8 A ?><>ILN 3>AC40@AB25==>3> ?@>B5:F8>=87<0, B0<>65==KE 10@L5@>2, ?5@5:;04K20O B0:8< >1@07>< D8=0=A8@>20=85 MB>9 ?>445@6:8 8 =0 2A5E ?>B@518B5;59.  4>:C<5=B5  BG5B ?> G5;>25G5A:><C @0728B8N. 1994 A:070=>:  1990 3. 2 /?>=88 8 -! A@54=89 4>?>;=8B5;L=K9 AG5B 70 ?@>4C:BK ?8B0=8O, 2K720==K9 ?@>B5:F8>=8ABA:8<8 <5@0<8, A>AB02;O; 3000 4>;;0@>2 =0 A5<LN. "> 5ABL, ?><8<> 1N465B=KE 4>B0F89 D5@<5@K 5I5 8 >B :064>9 A5<L8 ?>;CG0;8 =5@K=>G=CN ?>445@6:C 2 @07<5@5 3 BKA. 4>;;0@>2!  !$!  @5=B015;L=>ABL A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 @53C;8@>20;0AL =5 AB8E89=K<8 @K=>G=K<8 <5E0=87<0<8, 0 G5@57 F5=>>1@07>20=85.  ?>A;52>5==>5 2@5<O 1K;> ?@>872545=> =5A:>;L:> :>@@5:F89 70:C?>G=KE F5=, 8 2> 2B>@>9 ?>;>28=5 80-E 3>4>2 ACI5AB2>20;> @02=>25A85, ?@8 :>B>@>< A@54=89 C@>25=L @5=B015;L=>AB8 (B.5. >B=>H5=8O ?@81K;8 : A515AB>8<>AB8 @50;87>20==>9 ?@>4C:F88) A>AB02;O; 2 1987 3. C :>;E>7>2 19%, 0 C A>2E>7>2 20%.  1989 3. C@>25=L @5=B015;L=>AB8 C :>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2 2K@>A 4> 37%. @81K;L ?@>872>4AB25==KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE >@30=870F89 8 ?@54?@8OB89 !$!  A>AB028;0 2 1989 3. 29 <;@4. @C1. (?@81K;L 2 ?@><KH;5==>AB8  87 <;@4. @C1.). @81K;L :>;E>7>2 A>AB028;0 10,4 <;@4. @C1., ?@81K;L A>2E>7>2 16,4 <;@4. @C1.  1989 3. 1,6% (B> 5ABL 210) A>2E>7>2 2 !$!  1K;8 C1KB>G=K<8, >1I0O AC<<0 8E C1KB:>2 A>AB028;0 72,7 <;=. @C1. 7 12,5 BKA. :>;E>7>2 C1KB>G=K<8 2 1989 3. 1K;8 100 :>;E>7>2. 5=B015;L=>ABL ?@>872>4AB20 @07=KE 284>2 ?@>4C:F88 1K;0 @07;8G=0, => 2 CA;>28OE ?;0=>2>3> E>7O9AB20 MB> =5 ?@82>48;> : A>:@0I5=8N ?@>872>4AB20 <0;>4>E>4=>9 8;8 C1KB>G=>9 ?@>4C:F88, B.:. 4;O E>7O9AB20 1K; 2065= >1I89 @57C;LB0B. 0==K5 ?> =5:>B>@K< ?@>4C:B0< 4;O 1989 3. ?@82545=K 2 B01;. 5-6. "01;8F0 5-6. !515AB>8<>ABL ?@>872>4AB20 1 B>==K A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@>4C:B>2 8 3>AC40@AB25==K5 70:C?>G=K5 F5=K 2 1989 3., @C1. @>4C:F8O!515AB>8<>ABL 2 :>;E>70E!515AB>8<>ABL 2 A>2E>70E0:C?>G=K5 F5=K5@=> (157 :C:C@C7K)1061232270@B>D5;L173205226@825A <>;>4=O:0 :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0293331023361>;>:>367386653/9F0 (1000 HB.)12565100 7 MB8E 40==KE 284=>, GB> =081>;55 2K3>4=>9 4;O :>;E>7>2 ?@>4C:F859 1K;8 75@=> 8 <>;>:>, 0 O9F0 1K;8 C1KB>G=K<8. !>2E>7K, =0>1>@>B, ?@>872>48;8 O9F0 A =87:>9 A515AB>8<>ABLN. 84=> B0:65, GB> 3>AC40@AB25==K5 4>B0F88 4;O ?>445@60=8O =87:8E @>7=8G=KE F5= 4020;8AL 2 >A=>2=>< =0 :0@B>D5;L, <OA> 8 <>;>:>. > 4065 =081>;55 2K3>4=0O 4;O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 ?@>4C:F8O  75@=>  ?@>4020;0AL ?> =52KA>:>9 F5=5. ;O A@02=5=8O >B<5B8<, GB> D5@<5@A:0O F5=0 B>==K ?H5=8FK 2 1987/88 3. 1K;0 2> $@0=F88 207, 2 $  244, 2 =3;88 210, 2 $8=;O=488 482 4>;;0@0.  ?5@2K9 65 3>4 ;815@0;870F88 F5= CAB0=>282H55AO @02=>25A85 1K;> A;><0=> 8 >B:@KB @K=>: 4;O 8<?>@B=KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@>4C:B>2, ?@>872>4AB2> 8 M:A?>@B :>B>@KE =0 0?045 AC1A848@CNBAO 3>AC40@AB2><.  1992 3. ?@028B5;LAB2> >AA88 4065 >:07K20;> ?>445@6:C 70@C156=K< ?@>872>48B5;O<, 48A:@8<8=8@CO >B5G5AB25==KE! => 70:C?8;> C @>AA89A:>3> A5;0 26,1 <;=. B. 75@=0 ?> 11,7 BKA. @C1. 70 B>==C (GB> ?> :C@AC =0 31.12 1992 3. A>AB02;O;> >:>;> 28 4>;;0@>2), 0 C 70?04=KE D5@<5@>2  28,9 <;=. B. 75@=0 ?> 143,9 4>;;0@>2 70 B>==C. @><5 B>3>, ?@820B870F8O B>@3>2;8 8 ?5@5@010BK20NI8E ?@54?@8OB89 @07>@20;0 548=CN B5E=>;>38G5A:CN F5?>G:C  8 A45;0;0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O 15770I8B=K<8 ?5@54 48:B0B>< ?5@5:C?I8:>2 8 ?5@5@01>BG8:>2. 0?@8<5@, >2>I=K5 107K ?@8=8<0;8 >A5=LN 1993 3. :0@B>D5;L ?> F5=5 30-40 @C1. 70 :8;>3@0<< ?@8 A515AB>8<>AB8 50-70 @C1.  1998 3., ?>A;5 4520;L20F88 @C1;O, =5A<>B@O =0 >A;01;5=85 :>=:C@5=F88 A> AB>@>=K 8<?>@B=KE ?@>4C:B>2, A@54=85 F5=K @50;870F88 :8;>3@0<<0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F88 8 @>7=8G=K5 F5=K (>=8 ?@82545=K 2 A:>1:0E) 2K3;O45;8 B0:8< >1@07>< (2 45=><8=8@>20==KE @C1;OE): ?H5=8F0 0,55 (<C:0 3,73); <>;>:> 1,27 (5,82); O9F0, 10 HB. 4,45 (14,94). A5 MB8 ?@>4C:BK A5;LA:85 ?@>872>48B5;8 1K;8 2K=C645=K ?@>4020BL A515 2 C1KB>:.  1997 3., :>B>@K9 2 F5;>< 4;O M:>=><8:8 AG8B0;AO >B=>A8B5;L=> 1;03>?>;CG=K< (B>340 3>2>@8;8 > AB018;870F88), 87 27 BKA. 459AB2>202H8E 2 $ :@C?=KE 8 A@54=8E A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 C1KB>G=K<8 1K;8 22 BKA. 8;8 82%. 5=B015;L=>ABL 2A59 E>7O9AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 A>2>:C?=>AB8 MB8E ?@54?@8OB89 A>AB028;0  24%. =K<8 A;>20<8, 70B@0B82 :064K9 @C1;L =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88, A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> >AA88 ?>=5A;> C1KB>: 2 24 :>?59:8.  @5=B015;L=>ABL 682>B=>2>4AB20 1K;0  35%. #1KB>:, :>B>@K9 ?>=5A;> A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> >B @50;870F88 ?@>4C:F88 682>B=>2>4AB20, A>AB028; 2 B>B 3>4 27,3 <;@4. 45=><8=8@>20==KE @C1;59 (2 1996 3. 22,8 <;@4. @C1., 2 1998 3. 25,7 <;@4. @C1.). ">;L:> 2 1999 3. @5=B015;L=>ABL E>7O9AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 A>2>:C?=>AB8 ?@54?@8OB89 AB0;0 2 F5;>< ?>;>68B5;L=>9 (+9%), 0 G8A;> C1KB>G=KE ?@54?@8OB89 A>:@0B8;>AL 4> 54%. %>BO 8 B>340 @50;870F8O ?@>4C:B>2 682>B=>2>4AB20 ?@8=5A;0 C1KB>: 2 5,1 <;@4. @C1. :>B>@K9 1K; ?>GB8 ?>;=>ABLN :><?5=A8@>20= 1N465B=K<8 4>B0F8O<8 2 @07<5@5 4,9 <;@4. @C1. > 4065 A CG5B>< 4>B0F89 ?>AB02:8 =0 C1>9, =0?@8<5@, :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 8<5;8 @5=B015;L=>ABL  24%.  1999 3>4C >AB020;8AL C1KB>G=K<8 1>;55 53% A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89, 0 2 2000 3>4C  1>;55 54%.  MB8E CA;>28OE 4>;38, =0:>?82H85AO 70 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K<8 ?@54?@8OB8O<8, 4>AB83;8 2 1999 3. >3@><=>9 AC<<K 2 184,8 <;@4. @C1. 7 27,3 BKA. ?@54?@8OB89 4>;6=8:0<8 2 B>< 3>4C 1K;8 27 BKA. 0 1993-2000 3>4K AC<<0@=0O 704>;65==>ABL ?> 2A5< >1O70B5;LAB20< (2:;NG0O 704>;65==>ABL ?> :@548B0< 10=:>2 8 4@C38< 705<=K< A@54AB20<) 2K@>A;0 2 50 @07 8 4>AB83;0 : :>=FC 2000 3>40 229 <;@4. @C1., 2 B> 2@5<O :0: 2AO ?@81K;L >B @50;870F88 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?@>4C:F88 A>AB028;0 2 2000 3>4C 15 <;@4. @C1. @>A@>G5==0O 704>;65==>ABL 4>AB83;0 164 <;@4. @C1. >;55 70% A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 8<5;8 ?@>A@>G5==CN 704>;65==>ABL ?> >?;0B5 B@C40 @01>B=8:>2, 25;8G8=0 :>B>@>9 @>A;0 =0 ?@>BO65=88 1991-2000 3>4>2 8 2 2000 3>4C A>AB028;0 1>;55 283% >B D>=40 8E 70@01>B=>9 ?;0BK.  F5;>< M:>=><8G5A:>5 ?>;>65=85 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 <5=O;>AL 2 E>45 @5D>@<K B0:, :0: ?@54AB02;5=> =0 4803@0<<5 @8A. 5-3.  C:070==>9 A?@02:5 3>2>@8BAO: =0G8B5;L=CN G0ABL 10;0=A>2>9 ?@81K;8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 A>AB02;O;8 1N465B=K5 AC1A8488, ?@8G5< 8E C45;L=K9 25A C25;8G8;AO A 43% 2 1992 3>4C 4> 72% 2 2000 3>4C. KB0OAL ?@5>4>;5BL :@878A=K5 O2;5=8O 70 AG5B 8A?>;L7>20=8O 705<=KE A@54AB2, A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O =0:>?8;8 >3@><=K5 4>;38, :>B>@K5 AB0;8 5420 ;8 =5 >A=>2=K< ?@5?OBAB285< =0 ?CB8 8E 40;L=59H53> @5D>@<8@>20=8O. 4=0:> 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 1N465B=K5 AC1A8488 A;8H:>< <0;K, 8 =865 2 A?@02:5 >B<5G05BAO:  1994 3>4C 8 70 1996-1998 3>4K 1N465B=K5 AC1A8488 =5 ?>:@K20;8 C1KB:8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89.  1994 3>4C C1KB>: ?> 01A>;NB=>9 25;8G8=5 ?@52KH0; 4>B0F88 8 :><?5=A0F88 87 1N465B0 ?@81;878B5;L=> =0 10%, 2 1996 3>4C  2 2,7 @070, 2 1997 3>4C  2 3,4 @070, 2 1998 3>4C  2 4,1 @070.  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O, =5A<>B@O =0 C@>609=K5 3>4K, A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O =0E>4OBAO 2 >G5=L BO65;>< D8=0=A>2>< ?>;>65=88.  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F5=K =0 B>20@K 8 CA;C38, ?>:C?05<K5 A5;>< 4;O ?@>872>4AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, 2K@>A;8 2 23,48 @07. -B> 7=0G8B, GB> @50;L=0O 25;8G8=0 :@548B>2 2000 3>40 2 F5=0E 1990 3. A>AB02;O5B 2A53> 69,4 <;=. @C1.  2 =>@<5 4>;3>A@>G=>5 :@548B>20=85 :>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2 !$!  >A10=:>< :>;510;>AL 2 80-5 3>4K =0 C@>2=5 5 <;@4. @C1. (B>;L:> :>;E>7K 2 1986 3. ?>;CG8;8 4>;3>A@>G=KE 10=:>2A:8E :@548B>2 2,53 <;@4. @C1.). "0:8< >1@07><, 2 2000 3. <0AHB01K 4>;3>A@>G=>3> :@548B>20=8O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 $ A>AB02;ONB >:>;> 1,3% >B C@>2=O 80-E 3>4>2. A;8 CG5ABL, GB> :@548B  MB> 8<5==> @K=>G=K9 8=AB@C<5=B D8=0=A8@>20=8O, 0 ?;0=>20O A8AB5<0 ;8:2848@>20=0, B> <>6=> A45;0BL 2K2>4, GB> 2 @57C;LB0B5 @K=>G=>9 @5D>@<K >B5G5AB25==>5 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> ?@>AB> ;8H5=> =>@<0;L=KE 8AB>G=8:>2 D8=0=A8@>20=8O. 06=59H8< D0:B>@><, A45;02H8< A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> $ C1KB>G=K< 8;8 ?>GB8 C1KB>G=K<, 1K;> @57:>5 ?>2KH5=85 F5= =0 <0H8=K 8 <0B5@80;K, 70:C?05<K5 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K<8 ?@54?@8OB8O<8, :>B>@K5 =5 <>3;8 2 B>9 65 <5@5 ?>4=OBL =0 @K=:5 F5=K =0 A2>N ?@>4C:F8N.  A?@02:5 &5=B@0 M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K ?@8 @028B5;LAB25 $  D8=0=A>2>< A>AB>O=88 :>;;5:B82=KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 >AA89A:>9 $545@0F88 70 1991-2000 33. (>A:20. 2002) 3>2>@8BAO: 815@0;870F8O F5= 2 O=20@5 1992 3>40 ?>A;C68;0 ?@8G8=>9 A>:@0I5=8O A?@>A0 =0A5;5=8O =0 ?@>4>2>;LAB25==K5 B>20@K, >?5@560NI53> @>AB0 F5= =0 ?@><KH;5==K5 @5AC@AK ?> A@02=5=8N A C25;8G5=85< F5= =0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N, G0AB8G=>3> 2KB5A=5=8O @>AA89A:8E ?@>4>2>;LAB25==KE B>20@>2 =0 2=CB@5==5< @K=:5 70 AG5B @0AH8@5=8O ?@>4>2>;LAB25==>3> 8<?>@B0. 07@K2 F5= 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 1KAB@> 4>AB83 >3@><=KE <0AHB01>2  C65 2 1992 3. >= AB0; 42C:@0B=K<  70 1992 3>4 F5=K =0 A5;LE>7?@>4C:F8N 2K@>A;8 2 8,6 @070, 0 =0 ?>:C?05<CN A5;>< ?@>4C:F8N 8 CA;C38  2 16,2 @070.  1993 3. ?>;>65=85 5I5 @57:> CEC4H8;>AL  @07@K2 AB0; B@5E:@0B=K<, 2 1998 3. AB0; @025= 4,5.  F5;>< B>;L:> 70 1992-93 33. 70:C?>G=K5 F5=K =0 <OA> 2>7@>A;8 2 45 @07, =0 <>;>:> 2 63 @070, 0 =0 15=78= 2 324 @070, =0 B@0:B>@ -700 2 828 @07 8 =0 B@0:B>@ "-4 2 1344 @070! 8=0<8:0 @>AB0 8=45:A0 F5=, ?> >B=>H5=8N : 1990 3., =0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N 8 2 F5;>< =0 B>20@K 8 CA;C38, ?@8>1@5B05<K5 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K<8 >@30=870F8O<8, ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 5-4. 0 42CE 4@C38E @8AC=:0E (5-5 8 5-6) ?>:070=> 87<5=5=85 F5=, ?> A@02=5=8N A F5=0<8 =0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N, =5:>B>@KE 87 A0<KE 3;02=KE <0H8= 8 <0B5@80;>2, :>B>@K5 ?@8E>48BAO 70:C?0BL A5;LA:8< ?@>872>48B5;O<. 07@K2 2 F5=0E ?@>4>;605B @0AB8.  C?><O=CB>9 2KH5 A?@02:5 &5=B@0 M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K A:070=>:  45:01@5 2001 3>40 ?> A@02=5=8N A 45:01@5< 2000 3>40 F5=K =0 ?@8@>4=K9 307 2K@>A;8 2 1,6 @070; M;5:B@>M=5@38N 4;O A5;0 8 :0@B>D5;5C1>@>G=K5 :><109=K  2 1,5 @070; A;>6=K5 C4>1@5=8O, <0H8=K 4;O 2=5A5=8O <8=5@0;L=KE C4>1@5=89  2 1,4 @070; <8=8B@0:B>@K, ?;C38, :C;LB820B>@K, @5<>=B B@0:B>@=KE 42830B5;59, 70?0A=K5 G0AB8 4;O 682>B=>2>4G5A:>3> >1>@C4>20=8O  2 1,3 @070; C3>;L, B@0:B>@K  2 1,2 @070. 0 B>B 65 ?5@8>4 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==0O ?@>4C:F8O ?> >F5=:5 &5=B@0 M:>=><8G5A:>9 :>=JN=:BC@K ?>4>@>60;0 ?@81;878B5;L=> =0 13-14%. 0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:0O 1070 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 2 !$!  8 $ 7<5=5=85 2 E>45 @5D>@<K M:>=><8G5A:8E CA;>289 45OB5;L=>AB8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 ?>4>@20;> 2>A?@>872>4AB2> 8E <0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:>9 107K. > MB>3>, >A>15==> =0G8=0O A 70-E 3>4>2, MB0 1070 2 !$!  @072820;0AL >G5=L 1KAB@>  A5;> =0AKI0;>AL B5E=8:>9 8 :04@0<8, M=5@35B8G5A:8<8 <>I=>ABO<8 8 4@C38<8 >A=>2=K<8 D>=40<8. 0;06820;0AL A8AB5<0 >15A?5G5=8O 8 B>?;82><, 8 C4>1@5=8O<8, @072820;8AL =>2K5 >B@0A;8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, ?@>872>4OI85 =C6=K5 4;O A5;0 <0B5@80;K. A=>2=K5 D>=4K :>;E>7>2, A>2E>7>2 8 <56E>7O9AB25==KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 !$!  2K@>A;8 A 1970 ?> 1990 3. 2 @0AG5B5 =0 >4=>3> @01>B=8:0 A 3,7 4> 27,3 BKA. @C1., 0 2 @0AG5B5 =0 100 30 A5;LE>7C3>489 A 19,3 4> 129,8 BKA. @C1. @8 MB>< 8 2 E>45 ?OB8;5B:8 1985-1990 33. ?@>4>;60;AO 1KAB@K9 @>AB >A=>2=KE D>=4>2. 0 MBC ?OB8;5B:C M=5@35B8G5A:85 <>I=>AB8 2 @0AG5B5 =0 >4=>3> @01>B=8:0 2K@>A;8 A 40,3 ;.A. 4> 50,5 ;.A. > MB8< >A=>2=K< ?>:070B5;O< A>25BA:>5 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 2KH;> 2 G8A;> 2KA>:>@0728BKE.  1989 3. 2 !!!  =0 >4=>3> @01>B0NI53> ?@8E>48;>AL 27 :8;>20BB M=5@35B8G5A:8E <>I=>AB59, 0 2 B0;88 2 1988 3. 23 :2B, 2 845@;0=40E 30,5, 2 0=88 39, 2 5=3@88 9,5 :2B (!5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>. !B0B8AB8G5A:89 A1>@=8:. .: >A:><AB0B !!! , 1991. !. 169). I5 A8;L=> @07;8G0;8AL M=5@3>2>>@C65==>ABL B@C40 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 C !!!  8 !(, 2 !( =0 >4=>3> @01>B=8:0 ?@8E>48;>AL 105 :2B. > ?> MB><C ?>:070B5;N !( 2K?040;8 87 >1I53> @O40  @01>B=8:8 B0< A=0165=K 871KB>G=K<8 M=5@35B8G5A:8<8 <>I=>ABO<8.  @0AG5B5 =0 100 30 ?0H=8 @07=8F0 1K;0 =5 B0: 25;8:0  259 :2B 2 !!!  8 405 :2B 2 !(. @8 MB>< =04> >B<5B8BL, GB> M=5@3>2>>@C65==>ABL 1 @01>B=8:0 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 !$!  1K;0 ?@8<5@=> =0 40% 2KH5, G5< 2 A@54=5< ?> !!! . 0 1970-1990 33. <0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:0O 1070 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 2 !!!  ?5@5H;0 =0 :0G5AB25==> =>2K9 C@>25=L @0728B8O. =0 >1=>2;O;0AL 4065 1KAB@55, G5< 2 ?@><KH;5==>AB8: 2 1990 3. 22>4 2 459AB285 =>2KE >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 (157 A:>B0) A>AB02;O; 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 7%, 0 :>MDD8F85=B 2K1KB8O 3,3% >B =0;8G8O >A=>2=KE D>=4>2 =0 :>=5F 1989 3.  ?@><KH;5==>AB8 MB8 ?>:070B5;8 1K;8 @02=K 6,0% 8 1,8%, A>>B25BAB25==>. ! 1991 3. ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?@5:@0B8;>AL >1=>2;5=85 <0B5@80;L=>-B5E=8G5A:>9 107K A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89. 0?8B0;>2;>65=8O (8=25AB8F88) 2 >A=>2=>9 :0?8B0; 2 E>45 @5D>@<K C<5=LH8;8AL ?> A@02=5=8N A 1990 3. 2 35 @07 8 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K >AB0NBAO 2 25 @07 1>;55 =87:8<8, G5< 2 1984 3. 8=0<8:0 MB>3> ?>:070B5;O ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-7. >AC40@AB2> 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?5@5AB0;> 45;0BL :0?8B0;>2;>65=8O 2 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>.  1990 3. 3>AC40@AB25==K5 0AA83=>20=8O A>AB028;8 71% 8=25AB8F89 2 ?@>872>4AB25==K5 >1J5:BK A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 !$!  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I5 1>;55 3;C1>:8< >:070;AO A?04 2 8A?>;L7>20=88 =5>1E>48<KE 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 284>2 B>?;820  02B><>18;L=>3> 15=78=0 8 4875;L=>3> B>?;820. 8=0<8:0 ?>AB02>: 8 ?@>406 MB8E =5DB5?@>4C:B>2 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-22. 45AL =04> ?@54C?@548BL, GB>, =0G8=0O A 1993 3., >A:><AB0B $ A>>1I05B 40==K5 > @50;870F88 =5DB5?@>4C:B>2 ?>B@518B5;O< A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20, B> 5ABL 2A5< ?>B@518B5;O<.  AB0B8AB8:0 !$!  ?C1;8:>20;0 40==K5 > ?>AB02:0E =5DB5?@>4C:B>2 ?@54?@8OB8O< 8=8AB5@AB20 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20, B> 5ABL 1070<, A=0160NI8< :>;E>7K 8 A>2E>7K. 4=0:> >1J5< ?>AB02>: ?> 4@C38< :0=0;0< B0:65 1K; 25AL<0 25;8:. 0?@8<5@, 2 1985 3. >1I89 >1J5< ?>AB02>: 15=78=0 A5;LA:><C E>7O9AB2C A>AB028; 18,5 <;=. B, 0 G5@57 ?@54?@8OB8O 8=A5;LE>70  B>;L:> 7,1 <;=. B. "0:8< >1@07><, @50;L=>5 A>:@0I5=85 ?>AB02>: B>?;820 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ACI5AB25==> 1>;LH5, G5< >B@065=> =0 3@0D8:5 @8A. 5-22. 57:> A>:@0B8;>AL 8 2>4>A=0165=85 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20: 8A?>;L7>20=85 A25659 2>4K (=5 AG8B0O @0AE>40 =0 >@>H5=85) B>;L:> 70 1995-1999 33. 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A2O78 A >BACBAB285< C <=>38E E>7O9AB2 A@54AB2 =0 ?>:C?:C 4>@>38E A5<O= M;8BK 8 I @5?@>4C:F88, 8<8 8A?>;L7CNBAO A>1AB25==K5 A5<5=0, 0 A5<5=0 2KAH8E @5?@>4C:F89, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 =>2KE, B>;L:> GB> @09>=8@>20==KE A>@B>2, A:0?;820NBAO =0 A:;040E %-M;8BE>7>2, !%, CGE>7>2 2C7>2, A5;5:F5=B@>2, 0 8=>340 84CB =0 :>@< A:>BC 8;8 =0 <5;L=8FC.  @57C;LB0B5 2 ?>A;54=85 3>4K >4=0 B@5BL A5<O= 2KAH59 @5?@>4C:F88 =5 1K;0 @50;87>20=0 M;8BE>70<8 ?> ?@O<><C =07=0G5=8N, 0 B>20@>?@>872>48B5;8 ?>B5@O;8 <8;;8>=K B>== 2KA>:>:0G5AB25==>3> 75@=0, :0@B>D5;O, >2>I59, B5E=8G5A:8E :C;LBC@. 82>B=>2>4AB2>  E>45 @5D>@<K 682>B=>2>4AB2> ?>=5A;> 5I5 1>;55 BO65;K9 C@>=, G5< @0AB5=852>4AB2>. 0: 8 2 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, 2 E>45 @048:0;L=>9 @5D>@<K A8;L=55 ?>AB@040;> ?@>872>4AB2> 1>;55 2KA>:>3> C@>2=O ?5@545;0.  1990 3. 2 E>7O9AB20E 2A5E :0B53>@89 2 ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 36,6% (2 459AB2CNI8E F5=0E) ?@8E>48;>AL =0 @0AB5=852>4AB2> 8 63,4%  =0 682>B=>2>4AB2>. #65 2 1995 3. ?@>?>@F8O AB0;0 B0:>9: 53,1% @0AB5=852>4AB2> 8 46,9% 682>B=>2>4AB2>. 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"0:8< >1@07><, :>;8G5AB2> A:>B0 8 ?B8FK  ?5@2K9 01A>;NB=K9 ?>:070B5;L A>AB>O=8O >B@0A;8. @C3>9 D0:B>@  ?@>4C:B82=>ABL A:>B0 8 ?B8FK  =5 8A?KBK205B AB>;L A8;L=KE :>;510=89, :0: C@>609=>ABL, ?>A:>;L:C <5=LH5 ?>425@65= 2;8O=8N ?>3>4=KE CA;>289. 06=59H8< ?>:070B5;5< @0728B8O 682>B=>2>4AB20 O2;O5BAO ?>3>;>2L5 :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 8, 2 G0AB=>AB8, :>@>2. -B> 1070 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 3;02=KE ?@>4C:B>2  <OA0 8 <>;>:0. 8=0<8:0 87<5=5=8O ?>3>;>2LO :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 2 !$!  8 $ 405B :@0A=>@5G82CN :0@B8=C @0728B8O 1>;LH>9 >B@0A;8 >B5G5AB25==>3> A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 2 4;8B5;L=>< 8AB>@8G5A:>< 480?07>=5 8 =03;O4=> >B@0605B 2>7459AB285 @K=>G=>9 @5D>@<K. -B0 48=0<8:0 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-28. 0 MB>< 3@0D8:5 >B@065=K 4@0<0B8G5A:85 ?5@8>4K =0H59 8AB>@88 2 %% 25:5. A5 :@C?=K5 A>F80;L=K5 87<5=5=8O A@07C A:07K20;8AL =0 682>B=>2>4AB25. K 2848< A?04 ?>3>;>2LO 2 @57C;LB0B5 I 8@>2>9 8 @0640=A:>9 2>9=, 53> 2>AAB0=>2;5=85, A ACI5AB25==K< ?@8@>AB><, 2 3>4K =M?0, 70B5< :0B0AB@>D8G5A:89 A?04 2 ?5@2K5 3>4K :>;;5:B82870F88  A 37,6 <;=. 3>;>2 2 1928 3. 4> 21,4 <;=. 2 1933  8 >G5=L 1KAB@>5 2>AAB0=>2;5=85 ?>3>;>2LO ?@8 87<5=5=88 CAB020 :>;E>7>2 - A >4=>2@5<5==K< C:@5?;5=85< ?>42>@89. 0B5< =01;N405BAO =>2K9 A?04 ?>3>;>2LO 2 @57C;LB0B5 5;8:>9 B5G5AB25==>9 2>9=K 8 ?>B><, A =51>;LH>9 70<8=:>9 2 1953-1954 33., =5C:;>==K9 @>AB 4> C@>2=O A2KH5 60 <;=. 3>;>2 2 80-5 3>4K. ">, GB> ?@>87>H;> A 682>B=>2>4AB2>< 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ?>A;5 1990 3., =5 8<55B ?@5F545=B>2 2 8AB>@88  <K 2 B5G5=85 12 ;5B =01;N405< 157>AB0=>2>G=>5 8 1KAB@>5 A>:@0I5=85 ?>3>;>2LO  2 B>< 65 B5<?5, :0: 70 4 3>40 :>;;5:B82870F88, A B>9 ;8HL @07=8F59, GB> =5B A?0A8B5;L=>3> 87<5=5=8O 8 ?@87=0:>2 @>AB0. >3>;>2L5 A:>B0 C?0;> 70 3>4K @5D>@<K 1>;55 G5< 2 420 @070  =0 33 <;=. 3>;>2, 157 2>9=K 8 AB8E89=KE 154AB289. K 8<55< A59G0A :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 ACI5AB25==> <5=LH5, G5< 2 1916 3. 8 4065 G5< 2 1923 3., :>340 AB@0=0 ?5@568;0 9 ;5B BO65;59H8E 2>9=. 04> ?>4G5@:=CBL 206=>5 >1AB>OB5;LAB2>, :>B>@>5 >1KG=> C?CA:05BAO 87 284C. !53>4=O 2 $ <5=LH5 A:>B0, G5< 2 1923 3., 0 =0A5;5=85 (7=0G8B, 8 G8A;> ?>B@518B5;59 ?@>4C:B>2 682>B=>2>4AB20) A B5E ?>@ C25;8G8;>AL ?>GB8 2 ?>;B>@0 @070 (A<. @8A. 1-1). "0:8< >1@07><, 2 @0AG5B5 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O B>B C40@, :>B>@K9 @5D>@<0 =0=5A;0 ?> 682>B=>2>4AB2C, 3>@074> BO65;55, G5< <>6=> AC48BL ?> C@>2=N ?>3>;>2LO A:>B0. 0 @8A. 5-29 ?@54AB02;5=0 48=0<8:0 G8A;0 3>;>2 :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0, ?@8E>4OI8EAO =0 100 G5;>25:.  B5G5=85 80-E 3>4>2 !$!  2KH;0 =0 AB018;L=K9 C@>25=L 40 3>;>2 =0 100 4CH =0A5;5=8O. 0 3>4K @5D>@<K MB>B ?>:070B5;L C?0; 4> 15. B45;L=> A;54C5B 2K45;8BL G8A;> :>@>2 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O.  1996 3. >AA8O ?5@5H;0 @C156, :0:>3> 4065 2 2>9=C =5 ?5@5E>48;0,  C =0A AB0;> <5=LH5 >4=>9 :>@>2K =0 10 G5;>25:. 5@54 @5D>@<>9, 2 1988 3., 2 !$!  1K;> 1,43 :>@>2K =0 10 G5;>25:.  2001 3. C65 >AB0;>AL 0,89 :>@>2K =0 10 4CH =0A5;5=8O, 0 =0 1 O=20@O 2002 3.  0,85 :>@>2K =0 10 4CH =0A5;5=8O. 0: <K C2848< =865, MB> A>:@0I5=85 :>;8G5AB25==>3> (M:AB5=A82=>3>) D0:B>@0 2>2A5 =5 :><?5=A8@C5BAO C;CGH5=85< :0G5AB20 AB040 8 ?>2KH5=85< 8=B5=A82=>AB8 <>;>G=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20. 8=0<8:0 ?>3>;>2LO A28=59 8A?KBK205B 1>;55 @57:85 :>;510=8O  E>7O9AB20 ;53G5 A1@0AK20NB ?>3>;>2L5 A28=59 ?@8 87<5=5=88 :>=JN=:BC@K 8 1KAB@55 =0@0I820NB 53>, :>340 ?>;>65=85 C;CGH05BAO. >A;5 2>9=K 2 !$!  A28=>2>4AB2> 1KAB@> @072820;>AL  A >G5=L =87:>3> (4,1 <;=. 3>;>2) ?>A;52>5==>3> C@>2=O 4> AB018;L=>3> C@>2=O 2 40 <;=. 3>;>2 2 :>=F5 80-E 3>4>2.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K : 1999 3. ?>3>;>2L5 C?0;> 4> 17,2 <;=. !CI5AB25==>3> @>AB0 ?>:0 =5 =01;N405BAO. >;LH5 2A53> >B @5D>@<K ?>AB@040;> >2F52>4AB2>. >3>;>2L5 >25F A 1958 ?> 1990 3. ?>445@6820;>AL =0 C@>2=5 1>;55 60 <;=., ?>4=8<0OAL 8=>340 4> C@>2=O 67-68 <;=. 3>;>2. ! =0G0;>< @5D>@<K >=> AB0;> A=860BLAO, C?02 >B <0:A8<0;L=KE 7=0G5=89 ?>GB8 2 5 @07  2 2000 3. 2 $ >AB020;>AL 2A53> 14,8 <;=. >25F. @C?=>9 >B@0A;LN 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 !$!  AB0;> ?B8F52>4AB2>, :>B>@>5 2 1>;LH>9 A2>59 G0AB8 ?@8>1@5;> ?@><KH;5==K9, 8=B5=A82=K9 E0@0:B5@ 8 AB0;> 1078@>20BLAO =0 4>2>;L=> 2KA>:8E B5E=>;>38OE. >3>;>2L5 ?B8FK 1KAB@> @>A;> 2 ?>A;52>5==K9 ?5@8>4, GB>, =0@O4C A <>;>G=K< 682>B=>2>4AB2><, ?>72>;8;> @5H8BL 2 AB@0=5 ?@>1;5<C >15A?5G5=8O 682>B=K< 15;:>< (2 2845 O8F 8 <OA0 1@>9;5@>2). 8=0<8:0 87<5=5=8O ?>3>;>2LO ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-33.  @57C;LB0B5 A0<KE ?5@2KE H03>2 @5D>@<K ?>3>;>2L5 ?B8FK, >A>15==> =0 A>2@5<5==KE ?B8F5D01@8:0E, 7028AOI8E >B 15A?5@51>9=KE ?>AB02>: A;>6=KE :><18:>@<>2, ?@8H;>AL @57:> A>:@0B8BL. 0 1 O=20@O 1991 3. 2 !$!  1K;> 660 <;=. 3>;>2 ?B8FK, 0 : 2000 3. 55 >AB0;>AL 346 <;=. 3>;>2. @8 MB>< =04> >B<5B8BL, GB> 1>;LH5 2A53> ?>AB@040;> ?>3>;>2L5 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB8OE, B> 5ABL 2 =081>;55 ?@>4C:B82=>9 :0B53>@88 E>7O9AB2. 45AL ?>3>;>2L5 ?B8FK A>:@0B8;>AL 2 2,2 @070. 4=0:> A>:@0B8;>AL 2 1,4 @070 8 :>;8G5AB2> ?B8FK =0 ?>42>@LOE =0A5;5=8O, 0 D5@<5@K ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 AB0;8 70=8<0BLAO ?B8F52>4AB2>< (2 2000 3. >=8 A>45@60;8 2A53> 0,5% >1I53> ?>3>;>2LO ?B8FK 2 $). @8<5@=> 2 3 @070 A>:@0B8;>AL 70 2@5<O @5D>@<K 8 ?>3>;>2L5 :@>;8:>2  A 3,35 <;=. 2 1991 3. 4> 1,12 <;=. 2 1999 3. #?><O=5< 5I5 A?5F8D8G5A:89 284 682>B=>2>4AB20, 83@0NI89, >4=0:>, 687=5==> 206=CN @>;L 4;O =0@>4>2 !525@0 >AA88  >;5=52>4AB2>.  =0G0;5 90-E 3>4>2 (=0 1 O=20@O 1991 3.) 2 !$!  8<5;>AL 2,26 <;=. 3>;>2 >;5=59.  2000 3. 8E >AB0;>AL 1,24 <;=. ;O =5:>B>@KE @538>=>2 @57:>5 A>:@0I5=85 ?>3>;>2LO >;5=59 >7=0G0;> M:>=><8G5A:CN 8 A>F80;L=CN :0B0AB@>DC. 0?@8<5@, 2 'C:>BA:>< 02B>=><=>< >:@C35 >;5=52>4AB2> 1K;> 206=59H59 >B@0A;LN E>7O9AB20, 8 745AL 2 1991 3. 8<5;0AL 491 BKA. 3>;>2 >;5=59.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K : 2000 3. =0AG8BK20;>AL ;8HL 103,5 BKA. 3>;>2  ?>GB8 2 ?OBL @07 <5=LH5, 8 A>:@0I5=85 ?>3>;>2LO ?@>4>;605BAO. 0AA<>B@8< 48=0<8:C ?@>872>4AB20 :>=5G=KE ?@>4C:B>2 682>B=>2>4AB20. 06=59H89 87 =8E  <>;>:>. !>740=85 2 !$!  :@C?=>3> A>2@5<5==>3> <>;>G=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20 1K;> >4=8< 87 206=59H8E 4>AB865=89 M:>=><8G5A:>9 8 A>F80;L=>9 ?>;8B8:8 ?>A;52>5==>3> ?5@8>40.  1945-1946 33. ?@>872>4AB2> <>;>:0 2 !$!  A>AB02;O;> 16,6 <;=. B. 2 3>4  :0: ?>A;5 @0640=A:>9 2>9=K.  70-5 3>4K ?@>872>4AB2> <>;>:0 2KH;> =0 AB018;L=K9 C@>25=L 47-49 <;=. B, 0 2 1989 8 1990 33. 53> ?@>872>48;>AL ?> 55,7 <;=. B. 8=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 <>;>:0 =0G8=0O A 1970 3. 284=0 87 @8A. 5-34. 5D>@<0 ?>2;5:;0 70 A>1>9 1KAB@K9 8 =5C:;>==K9 A?04 ?@>872>4AB20  >=> A>:@0B8;>AL 4> 20;>2>3> C@>2=O 1957 3. "0:>3> =87:>3> C@>2=O ?@>872>4AB20 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O, :0: 2 1999-2000 33. (220 :3 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O), 2 >AA88 =5 1K;> A A5@548=K 1950-E 3>4>2, :>340 !$!  2KH;0 =0 C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 280 :3 <>;>:0 =0 4CHC =0A5;5=8O.  A>AB>O=88 <OA=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20 <>6=> AC48BL ?> @8A. 5-35. 0 3@0D8:5 ?@82545=0 48=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 A:>B0 8 ?B8FK =0 C1>9 =0G8=0O A 1970 3. ;8B5;L=0O 0=B8:>;E>7=0O ?@>?030=40 A>740;0 2 <0AA>2>< A>7=0=88 8A:065==>5 ?@54AB02;5=85 > O:>1K 70AB>9=>< E0@0:B5@5 8;8 4065 :@878A5 MB>9 >B@0A;8 2 !$! . >;=0O 8AB>@8G5A:0O ?0=>@0<0 ?>72>;O5B @50;8AB8G=> 273;O=CBL =0 @0728B85 <OA=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20 :0: 2 A>25BA:89 ?5@8>4, B0: 8 2 E>45 @K=>G=>9 @5D>@<K, ?@8254H59 : ;8:2840F88 :@C?=KE A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 (:>;E>7>2 8 A>2E>7>2).  @0745;5 2 (8B0=85) =0 @8A. 2-11 8 2-12 >B45;L=> ?>:070=0 48=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 A28=8=K 8 ?B8FK =0 C1>9.  70-5 3>4K 1K;0 @50;87>20=0 ?@>3@0<<0 AB0=>2;5=8O A>2@5<5==>3> ?@><KH;5==>3> <OA=>3> ?B8F52>4AB20  >4=>9 87 A0<KE 2KA>:>B5E=>;>38G=KE >B@0A;59 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20. @>45@602H8AL =0 ?8:5 2A53> B@8 3>40 (1988-1990 33.), MB0 >B@0A;L 1K;0 1C:20;L=> >1@CH5=0 @5D>@<>9. @8H;8 2 70?CAB5=85 =>2K5, =5402=> >1>@C4>20==K5 ?B8F5D01@8:8. -B>B 3@0D8: 405B 8=D>@<0F8N 8 4;O ?>B@518B5;O. 5D>@<0 >7=0G0;0 =5 ?@>AB> A?04 >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20, => 8 70<5I5=85 53> ?@>4C:F88 =0 @>AA89A:>< @K=:5 8<?>@B><. 0?@8<5@, 2 1997 3. 2 $ 1K;> ?@>872545=> =0 <OA> 0,6 <;=. B ?B8FK 2 C1>9=>< 25A5 8 ?>AB02;5=> =0 @K=>: 0,33 <;=. B 2 3>B>2>< 2845, 0 70:C?;5=> ?> 8<?>@BC 1,15 <;=. B (2 3>B>2>< 2845). > @O4C :0G5AB25==KE ?0@0<5B@>2 >B5G5AB25==0O ?@>4C:F8O 2A5340 CABC?0;0 8<?>@B=>9 (<=>3> =0@5:0=89 2K7K20;0 C?0:>2:0 8 A?>A>1 A:;04K20BL =>6:8 C FK?;5=:0). 4=0:> 1K;8 8 =5:>B>@K5 4>AB>8=AB20: >B5G5AB25==K5 D01@8:8 1K;8 ?>AB@>5=K, 0 :04@K ?>43>B>2;5=K 2 CA;>28OE ?;0=>2>9 A8AB5<K. =0 1K;0 >@85=B8@>20=0 =0 C4>2;5B2>@5=85 ?>B@51=>AB59, 0 =5 =0 ?@81K;L, 8 ?>B><C 2 :>@< ?B8F5 =5 4>102;O;8AL 3>@<>=K 8 4@C385 AB8<C;OB>@K @>AB0, 2@54=K5 4;O 74>@>2LO G5;>25:0. !59G0A A?@>A =0 >B5G5AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N 2>7@>A, 8 =01;N405BAO =5:>B>@>5 >682;5=85 ?@>872>4AB20. @>872>4AB2> O8F ?>B5@?5;> 2 E>45 @5D>@<K >B=>A8B5;L=> <5=LH89 C@>= ?> A@02=5=8N A <>;>:>< 8 <OA><. !> A@54=53>4>2>3> C@>2=O ?OB8;5B:8 1986-1990 33. 47,9 <;@4. HBC: ?@>872>4AB2> A=878;>AL 4> <8=8<C<0 31,9 <;@4. 2 1996 3., 70B5< =5A:>;L:> ?>4=O;>AL. 8=0<8:0 MB>3> ?@>F5AA0 ?>:070=0 2 @0745;5 2 =0 @8A. 2-15. 0 2@5<O @5D>@<K ?@>87>H;> =5:>B>@>5 C25;8G5=85 4>;8 2 ?@>872>4AB25 O8F E>7O9AB2 =0A5;5=8O  A 21% 2 :>=F5 80-E 3>4>2 4> 30-31% 2 1995-1999 33. $5@<5@K MB8< 284>< ?@>872>4AB20 ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 70=8<0NBAO (8E 4>;O A>AB02;O5B 0,4% >1I53> ?@>872>4AB20 O8F 2 E>7O9AB20E 2A5E :0B53>@89). 57:> 8 157>AB0=>2>G=> ?0405B A A0<>3> =0G0;0 @5D>@<K ?@>872>4AB2> H5@AB8  206=>3> AK@LO 4;O B5:AB8;L=>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8.  !$!  =0A5;5=85 AB018;L=> >15A?5G820;>AL H5@ABO=K<8 B:0=O<8 >B5G5AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20, 873>B>2;5==K<8 87 >B5G5AB25==>3> AK@LO.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K >15 G0AB8 MB>9 ?@>872>4AB25==>9 A8AB5<K  8 682>B=>2>4AB2>, 8 ?@><KH;5==>ABL  ?0@0;87>20=K. !;54C5B ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> 2 @57C;LB0B5 @0AG;5=5=8O !!!  >B5G5AB25==0O B5:AB8;L=0O ?@><KH;5==>ABL ;8H8;0AL =0456=>3> >15A?5G5=8O AK@L5< 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 H5;:>2KE 8 H5@ABO=KE B:0=59  8 ?@8 MB>< @57:> A>:@0B8;>AL A>1AB25==>5 ?@>872>4AB2> H5@AB8. 8=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 H5@AB8 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-36. 0AA<>B@8< 2:@0BF5 2>7459AB285 @5D>@<K =0 ?>:070B5;8 8=B5=A82=>AB8 ?@>872>4AB20 2 682>B=>2>4AB25  ?@>4C:B82=>ABL A:>B0 8 ?B8FK. @8<5G0=85.  <564C=0@>4=K< A@02=5=8O< ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 682>B=>2>4AB20 A;54C5B ?>4E>48BL AB>;L 65 >AB>@>6=>, :0: 8 2 @0AB5=852>4AB25, 345 A;54C5B CG8BK20BL @07=8FC ?>G25==>-:;8<0B8G5A:8E CA;>289. @>4C:B82=>ABL 682>B=KE, =0E>4OI8EAO 2 @07=KE ;0=4H0DB=KE 7>=0E, =587156=> 1C45B A8;L=> @07;8G0BLAO. 0?@8<5@, 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 206=0 A:>@>A?5;>ABL A:>B0 - ?@>872>4AB2> :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 2 !( 45@68BAO =0 C@>2=5 105-110 :3 C1>9=>3> 25A0 =0 3>;>2C AB040, 2 "C@F88 =0 C@>2=5 23-25 :3, 2 >AA88 65-70. >=OB=>, GB> ?@825AK C 682>B=KE AB>;L @07=KE ?>@>4 @57:> @07;8G0NBAO.  1980 3. @0AE>4 :>@<>2 =0 >4=C CA;>2=CN 3>;>2C A:>B0 1K; 2 !$!  25,6 F, 0 2 !( 43,2 F. !:>B 2 !$!  2 1980 3. =5 3>;>40;, 8 B0:0O @07=8F0 3>2>@8B > B><, GB> ?>@>4K, @072>48<K5 2 >AA88 8 !(, ACI5AB25==> @07;8G=K. 04>9 <>;>:0 =0 >4=C :>@>2C, :>B>@K9 2 80-5 3>4K 2>7@0AB0; 2 !$!  2 E>@>H5< B5<?5, C65 2 1991 3. ACI5AB25==> A=878;AO 8 ?040; 2?;>BL 4> 1997 3. !=865=85 =04>52 A>AB028;> 21,5%. A>15==> 7=0G8B5;L=K< 1K;> ?045=85 ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 2 :@C?=KE E>7O9AB20E  =0 30% (A 2781 :3 2 1990 4> 1950 :3 2 1994). >A;5 MB>3> ?>;>65=85 =5A:>;L:> 2K?@028;>AL, => ?@56=53> C@>2=O =04>8 ?>:0 =5 4>AB83;8. 8=0<8:0 87<5=5=8O =04>52 <>;>:0 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-37. "5<?K A=865=8O ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 <>;>G=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20 ACI5AB25==> @07;8G0NBAO ?> @538>=0<. "0:, 2 A@54=5< ?> $ =04>9 =0 >4=C :>@>2C A 1990 ?> 1998 3. A=878;AO 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB8OE A 2781 4> 2282 ;, 8;8 =0 18%.  0;L=52>AB>G=>< @09>=5 A=865=85 =04>52 A>AB028;> 70 MB> 2@5<O 32,3%, 0 2 03040=A:>9 >1;0AB8  65,3%! 1;0ABL, 2 :>B>@>9 1K;> A>740=> 2KA>:>?@>4C:B82=>5 <>;>G=>5 682>B=>2>4AB2>, >A>15==> 206=>5 2 A8;C 55 C40;5==>AB8 8 B@C4=>AB59 702>70 <>;>:0, ?>=5A;0 BO65;K9 CI5@1 2 >15A?5G5=88 =0A5;5=8O 206=K< ?@>4C:B><. 045=85 ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 <>;>G=>3> A:>B0 2 ?5@5AG5B5 =0 87@0AE>4>20==K5 :>@<0 O2;O5BAO 1>;55 7=0G8B5;L=K<. A;8 4> 1991 3. C25;8G5=85 @0AE>40 :>@<>2 =0 >4=C CA;>2=CN 548=8FC :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 ?@82>48;> : A>>B25BAB2CNI5<C @>ABC =04>52, B> 2 E>45 @5D>@<K ?>;>65=85 87<5=8;>AL: @0AE>4 :>@<>2 >AB0;AO =0 25AL<0 2KA>:>< C@>2=5, 0 =04>8 8 ?@825AK A=878;8AL. "0:, 2 1988 3. =0 >4=C 3>;>2C A:>B0 @0AE>4>20;>AL 27,2 F :>@<>2KE 548=8F ?@8 A@54=5< =04>5 2 !$!  2681 :3, B> 5ABL 98,6 :3 <>;>:0 =0 1 F :>@<>2KE 548=8F.  1989 3. MB>B ?>:070B5;L A>AB028; 98,7 :3/F, 2 1995 3.  74,5 :3/;, 2 1996 3.  75,5 :3/;. -B>B ?>:070B5;L <>6=> ?@54AB028BL 8 2 4@C3>9 D>@<5: @0AE>4 :>@<>2 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 1 F <>;>:0. B45;L=> 4;O <>;>G=>3> 682>B=>2>4AB20 2 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB8OE (B> 5ABL 157 ?>42>@89 =0A5;5=8O 8 D5@<5@A:8E E>7O9AB2) MB>B ?>:070B5;L 1K; @025= 1,44 2 1990 3. 8 1,73 2 1996 3.  1999 3., ?>A;5 7=0G8B5;L=>3> A>:@0I5=8O ?>3>;>2LO, >= 2K?@028;AO 4> 1,48. 0 F5=B=5@ ?@825A0 :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 CE>48;> 13,5 F :>@<>2, 0 2 1994 3.  18,9 F.  =0 F5=B=5@ ?@825A0 A28=59 ?@>87>H5; A:0G>: @0AE>40 :>@<>2 >B 8,3 4> 12,5 F. #G8BK20O, GB> :>@<0  >A=>2=0O AB0BLO ?@>872>4AB25==KE @0AE>4>2 2 682>B=>2>4AB25, A>AB02;O2H0O 2 1990 3. 82% 2A5E <0B5@80;L=KE 70B@0B, B0:>5 A=865=85 MDD5:B82=>AB8 8E 8A?>;L7>20=8O ?@82>48B : 1>;LH><C C4>@>60=8N ?@>4C:F88. @8G8=0 MB>3>  A=865=85 ?>@>4=>AB8 A:>B0 8 CEC4H5=85 CA;>289 A>45@60=8O.  420  420 A ?>;>28=>9 @070 2K@>A ?0456 A:>B0.  ?@>F5=B0E : >1>@>BC AB040 >= A>AB02;O; 2 1990 3. 4;O :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 3% 8 4;O A28=59 6,9%, 0 2 1995 3. A>AB02;O; 6% 8 15,5% A>>B25BAB25==>. 5:>B>@>5 C;CGH5=85 MB>3> ?>:070B5;O 2 1999 3.  4> 4,2% 4;O :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 8 11,5% 4;O A28=59  4>AB83=CB> ?@8 @57:>< A>:@0I5=88 ?>3>;>2LO 8 ?5@5<5I5=88 1>;LH>9 G0AB8 A:>B0 =0 ?>42>@LO A >3@><=K< ?>2KH5=85< 70B@0B @CG=>3> B@C40. !8;L=> A=878;AO 2KE>4 <OA0 2 @0AG5B5 =0 3>;>2C A:>B0 2 AB045. = >?@545;O5BAO A@54=8< 25A>< 3>;>2K A:>B0 8;8 A28=L8, @50;87C5<KE =0 C1>9,  MDD5:B82=>ABLN >B:>@<0.  70-80-5 3>4K A;>68;0AL 4065 A8AB5<0 >A>1KE <56E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89  >B:>@<>G=KE ?C=:B>2, 4>2>4OI8E 25A A:>B0 4> >?B8<0;L=KE :>=48F89.  E>45 @5D>@<K MB0 A8AB5<0 1K;0 ;8:2848@>20=0, 8 E>7O9AB20 >B?@02;ONB =0 C1>9 A:>B, =5 4>2545==K9 4> =081>;55 2K3>4=>3> 25A0. A;8 2 70-80-5 3>4K 2 A@54=5< =0 @50;870F8N ?>AB02;O;AO :@C?=K9 @>30BK9 A:>B 25A>< 350-360 :3, B> : 1997 3. MB>B ?>:070B5;L A=878;AO 4> 276 :3.  A28=>2>4AB25 ?>;>65=85 ?@8<5@=> B0:>5 65. !5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K< ?@54?@8OB8O< C40;>AL, ?>A;5 =5:>B>@>3> ?5@8>40 :@878A0, 2>AAB0=>28BL 8 4065 ?>2KA8BL O9F5=>A:>ABL :C@-=5ACH5:, ?@0240, ?@8 7=0G8B5;L=>< A>:@0I5=88 ?>3>;>2LO 8 ?@>872>4AB20 O8F.  1990 3. A@54=OO 3>4>20O O9F5=>A:>ABL =5ACH5: 1K;0 2 !$!  236 HBC: O8F, : 1995 3. >=0 A=878;0AL 4> 212, 0 A 1997 3. AB0;0 2>7@0AB0BL, 4>AB83=C2 2 1999 3. C@>2=O 248 HBC:. ;>E> >1AB>8B 45;> A =0AB@83>< H5@AB8, ?@8G5< A=865=85 55 ?@>872>4AB20 2K720=> =5 B>;L:> A>:@0I5=85< ?>3>;>2LO >25F, => 8 ?045=85< ?@>4C:B82=>AB8. 0 3>4K @5D>@<K A@54=89 =0AB@83 A=878;AO =0 28%.  2 MB>< A;CG05 ?045=85 ?@>4C:B82=>AB8 1K;> =5@02=><5@=K< ?> B5@@8B>@88 >AA88. 0?@8<5@, 2 0?04=>-!818@A:>< @09>=5, 345 2 4>@5D>@<5==K9 ?5@8>4 1K; 4>AB83=CB 2KA>:89 =0AB@83 H5@AB8, >= 2 >B45;L=K5 3>4K @5D>@<K ?040; =0 43%. 0AA<>B@8< >B45;L=> ?@>872>4AB2> :>@<>2 :0: =5?>A@54AB25==> ?@8<K:0NI55 : 682>B=>2>4AB2C. 5E20B:0 ?0AB18I 8 >G5=L :>@>B:89 ?5@8>4 ?0AB18I=>3> :>@<;5=8O, >B :>B>@KE AB@040;0 >AA8O 2 =0G0;5 %% 25:0, A8;L=> A:07K20;8AL 8 2 B5G5=85 2A53> A>25BA:>3> ?5@8>40.  1991 3. =0 3>;>2C :@C?=>3> @>30B>3> A:>B0 2 !$!  ?@8E>48;>AL 2A53> 1,08 30 ?0AB18I. 0AB18I=KE :>@<>2 682>B=>2>4AB2> >AA88 ?>;CG0;> 2 4-4,5 @07 <5=LH5, G5< 2 !(.  1990 3. ?0AB18I=K5 :>@<0 >15A?5G820;8 ;8HL 11,8% @0F8>=0 A:>B0 8 ?B8FK. > MB>9 ?@8G8=5 703>B>2:0 A5=0 8 ?@>872>4AB2> A>G=KE 8 :><18=8@>20==KE :>@<>2 8 :>@<>2KE 4>102>: 8<55B 4;O 682>B=>2>4AB20 >AA88 :;NG52>5 7=0G5=85. 03>B>2:0 2A5E 284>2 A5=0 (2:;NG0O A5O=K5 B@02K) A=878;0AL C65 2 A5@548=5 80-E 3>4>2, :>340 1K; A45;0= C?>@ =0 A>G=K5 8 :><18=8@>20==K5 :>@<0, 70B5< =5A:>;L:> 2K@>A;0 8 C?0;0 ?@8<5@=> 2 420 @070 2 E>45 @5D>@<K. 8=0<8:0 A1>@0 A5=0 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-38.  B> 65 2@5<O 70 3>4K @5D>@<K 2 420 A ?>;>28=>9 @070 A>:@0B8;>AL 8A?>;L7>20=85 75@=0 2 682>B=>2>4AB25 (@8A. 5-39). #65 2 1990 3. AB0;> A=860BLAO ?@>872>4AB2> :><18:>@<>2 ?@8 >?5@560NI5< ?>2KH5=88 8E F5=K. E 4>;O 2 @0F8>=5 :>@<;5=8O A:>B0 8 ?B8FK A=878;0AL 70 3>4K @5D>@< A 18% 4> C@>2=O 70-E 3>4>2 (9%). >7<>6=>AB8 ?@>872>4AB20 :><18:>@<>2 1K;8 2 7=0G8B5;L=>9 AB5?5=8 ?>4>@20=K B5<, GB> 2 E>45 @5D>@<K @57:> A>:@0B8;8AL ?@>872>4AB2> 8 ?>AB02:8 =5>1E>48<KE :>@<>2KE 4>102>:. -B> :0A05BAO @K1=>9 <C:8, 15;:>2>-28B0<8==KE :>=F5=B@0B>2 8 B.4., 0 B0:65 E8<8G5A:8E 4>102>: - 07>B=KE 8 D>AD>@=KE (?>AB02:8 07>B=KE :>@<>2KE 4>102>: A>:@0B8;8AL ?> A@02=5=8N A 1988 3. 2 10 @07 C65 2 1992 3.). #65 2 1992 3. ?> A@02=5=8N 2 1989 3. 703>B>2:8 C?0;8: A5=0 8 A8;>A0 =0 35%, :>@<>2KE :>@=5?;>4>2 =0 69%, B@02O=>9 <C:8 =0 71%, ?@>872>4AB2> :><18:>@<>2 =0 35%, 8 F5==>ABL 8E A=8605BAO.  1992 3. ?> A@02=5=8N A 1989 3. 1K;> ?>AB02;5=>: @K1=>9 <C:8 2 3 @070, H@>B0 8 6<KE>2 2 4 @070, B@02O=>9 <C:8 2 6,5 @07 8 <5;0AAK 2 15 @07 <5=LH5. 8=0<8:0 ?@>872>4AB20 =5:>B>@KE 4>102>: ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-41 8 5-42. K?CA: 15;:>2>-28B0<8==KE 4>102>: C?0; 1>;55 G5< 2 4 @070, 07>B=KE :>@<>2KE 4>102>: - 2 11 @07. @>872>4AB2> 4>102>: 4;O :><18:>@<0, :>B>@>5 AB0;8 A>74020BL 4;O ;8:2840F88 ?5@5:>@<0 75@=0, 1K;> : 1994 3. ?>GB8 A25@=CB>. 1@0I05B =0 A51O 2=8<0=85 A?04 2 ?@>872>4AB25 :>@<>2>3> 15;:0  206=>9 4>102:8 4;O :>@<>2 2 A>2@5<5==>< 682>B=>2>4AB25. -B0 A@02=8B5;L=> =>20O =0C:>5<:0O >B@0A;L 1K;0 A>740=0 2 >AA88 A>2A5< =5402=>  2 :>=F5 70-E 3>4>2. I5 2 1970 3. >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 A>AB02;O; 2A53> 169 BKA. B.  @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K ?@>872>4AB2> 1K;> ?@0:B8G5A:8 >AB0=>2;5=>. 8:2848@>20=> 1K;> 8 ?@>872>4AB2> 15;:>2>-28B0<8==KE 4>102>:  B>;L:> 70 1993 3. >1J5< 8E ?@>872>4AB20 C?0; 2 20 @07. "0:8< >1@07><, 2 ?@>872>4AB25 A0<KE 206=KE 284>2 ?@>4C:F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K 2 $ ?@>87>H5; 3;C1>:89 8 70BO6=>9 A?04  :0: 2 :>;8G5AB25==>< 87<5@5=88, B0: 8 2 ?>:070B5;OE ?@>4C:B82=>AB8. 5D>@<0 ?>4>@20;0 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> >B=>A8B5;L=> A8;L=55, G5< ?@><KH;5==>ABL, GB> 284=> ?> @57:><C A=865=8N 4>;8 A5;0 2 AB@C:BC@5 M:>=><8:8 AB@0=K. A;8 2 1990 3. A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 40;> 16,4% , B> 2 1999 3.  B>;L:> 6,8% (?@5645 2A53> 87-70 @57:>3> 48A?0@8B5B0 F5= =0 ?@><KH;5==CN 8 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==CN ?@>4C:F8N).  1990 3. 2 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> =0?@02;O;>AL 15,9% 2A5E 8=25AB8F89 2 >A=>2=>9 :0?8B0; 2A53> =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20 !$! , 0 2 1999 3. 2 $  ;8HL 3% (?@8 MB>< F5=K =0 8=25AB8F8>==K5 B>20@K 4;O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 @57:> 2>7@>A;8).  >AA88 A;>68;0AL =51K20;0O A8BC0F8O: 2 AB@0=5 ?@>8AE>48B 458=4CAB@80;870F8O, 8 2 B> 65 2@5<O >=0 ?5@5AB05B 1KBL 03@0@=>9 AB@0=>9. ">, :0: H;0 ?5@5>@85=B0F8O M:>=><8:8 =0 M:A?>@B=>-AK@L52K5 >B@0A;8, 284=> 87 48=0<8:8 8=25AB8F89, ?@54AB02;5==>9 =0 @8A. 5-43. 7 3@0D8:0 284=>, GB> 4065 2 1970 3., 2 <><5=B 8=B5=A82=>3> @0728B8O B>?;82=>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, 8=25AB8F88 2 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> 1K;8 2 2,5 @070 1>;LH5, G5< 2 MBC AK@L52CN >B@0A;L. =0G8B5;L=K9 @07@K2 2 ?>;L7C A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 ?>445@6820;AO 2?;>BL 4> 1990 3. 0B5< ?@>87>H5; 1C:20;L=> >120;L=K9 A?04 :0?8B0;>2;>65=89 2 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>. 5@5945< : @0AA<>B@5=8N B>3>, :0: ?>2;8O;0 @5D>@<0 =0 2>A?@>872>4AB2> A0<8E CA;>289 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20  M:>=><8G5A:8E, B5E=>;>38G5A:8E, >@30=870F8>==KE 8 A>F80;L=KE. 7<5=5=8O 2 A>F80;L=>9 AD5@5 A5;0 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 5@2K< 8 A0<K< ?@O<K< A;54AB285< MB>3> 87<5=5=8O AB0;> @57:>5 ?045=85 70@01>B=>9 ?;0BK @01>B=8:>2 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20. 8=0<8:0 55 ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 5-44. @8<5G0=85. 0 MB>< 3@0D8:5 ?@8H;>AL A>548=8BL 420 @O40 40==KE: A 1970 ?> 1990 3.  87 AB0B8AB8G5A:8E 5653>4=8:>2 0@>4=>5 E>7O9AB2> !$!  (>A:><AB0B !$! ), A 1990 3.  87 >AA89A:8E AB0B8AB8G5A:8E 5653>4=8:>2 1998-2001 33. (>A:><AB0B >AA88). 564C =8<8 5ABL =51>;LH0O =5ABK:>2:0, :>B>@0O, >4=0:>, =5 A:07K205BAO =0 D>@<5 :@82>9. >A:>;L:C @50;L=0O AB>8<>ABL 45=53 2 E>45 @5D>@<K 1KAB@> <5=O;0AL, 70@?;0B0 A5;LA:8E B@C65=8:>2 2K@065=0 >B=>A8B5;L=> - 2 A@02=5=88 A> A@54=59 70@?;0B>9 ?> 2A5< >B@0A;O< =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20 !$!  8 $. 04> ?>4G5@:=CBL, GB> A@54=OO 70@?;0B0 B@C4OI8EAO A=878;0AL ?> 2A5< >B@0A;O< M:>=><8:8  => C @01>B=8:>2 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 >=0 A=878;0AL A>25@H5==> =5?@>?>@F8>=0;L=> 4@C38< >B@0A;O<. -B> A=865=85 =8:0: =5 >?@0240=> A>:@0I5=85< ?@>872>4AB20  ?> MB><C ?>:070B5;N A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> <0;> >B;8G05BAO >B ?@><KH;5==>AB8. 8GCBL =5 <5=LH5 AB0;8 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 70B@0BK B@C40 @01>B=8:>2  =0?@>B82, BO65ABL B@C40 7=0G8B5;L=> 2>7@>A;0 87-70 453@040F88 B5E=>;>38G5A:>9 107K 8 A>:@0I5=8O 8A?>;L7>20=8O M=5@388. !;54>20B5;L=>, 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K ?@>87>H;0 3;C1>:0O 48A:@8<8=0F8O @01>B=8:>2 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 ?> A@02=5=8N A 4@C38<8 >B@0A;O<8 ?@>872>4AB20.  O=20@5 2001 3. A@54=OO 70@?;0B0 2 A5;LA:>< E>7O9AB25 >AA88 1K;0 852 @C1. 2 <5AOF, 0 C A;C60I8E 10=:>2 8 AB@0E>2KE :><?0=89  13341 @C1., 2 16 @07 1>;LH5 (@5GL 845B 8<5==> > 70@?;0B5, 0 =5 > 4>E>40E A>1AB25==8:>2 :0?8B0;0).  1990 3. A@54=89 A>2>:C?=K9 <5AOG=K9 4>E>4 =0 4CHC 2 A5<LOE :>;E>7=8:>2 1K; 2 !$!  175 @C1., GB> A>AB02;O;> 88% >B A>2>:C?=>3> 4>E>40 @01>G8E 8 A;C60I8E. > A@54=54CH52><C 4>E>4C :>;E>7=8:8 ?@81;878;8AL : 3>@>60=0<. @8 MB>< 4>E>4 >B :>;E>70 2<5AB5 A 70@?;0B>9 G;5=>2 A5<L8 8 A 2K?;0B0<8 87 >1I5AB25==KE D>=4>2 A>AB02;O; 72,4% 2A5E 4>E>4>2 A5<L8 :>;E>7=8:0, 0 4>E>4 >B ;8G=>3> ?>4A>1=>3> E>7O9AB20  21,5%. !5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>  MB> =5 B>;L:> ?@>872>4AB2>, => 8 >1@07 687=8. 45AL, :0: =8 2 :0:>9 8=>9 AD5@5, ?@>872>4AB2> 8 1KB ;N459 A2O70=K =5@07@K2=>.  2000 3. 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 2 $ ?@>6820;> 39,5 <;=. G5;>25: 8;8 27,1% 2A53> =0A5;5=8O AB@0=K. 21,4 <;=. G5;>25: (54,1% A5;LA:>3> =0A5;5=8O) =0E>48;8AL 2 B@C4>A?>A>1=>< 2>7@0AB5.  B5G5=85 70 ;5B F5=B@>< 687=5CAB@>9AB20 2 @>AA89A:>9 45@52=5 1K;> :@C?=>5 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>5 ?@54?@8OB85  :>;E>7 8;8 A>2E>7. 5D>@<0 ?>4>@20;0 2>7<>6=>AB8 MB8E ?@54?@8OB89 8;8 4065 @07@CH8;0 8E. -B> =5 <>3;> =5 A:070BLAO A0<K< 4@0<0B8G5A:8< >1@07>< =0 A>F80;L=>9 AD5@5 A5;0. 06=59H8< 687=5==> 206=K< 1;03>< 8 4065 CA;>285< 687=8 O2;O5BAO 68;L5. >A;5 2>9=K 2 !$!  2K?>;=O;0AL ?@>3@0<<0 8=B5=A82=>3> 68;8I=>3> AB@>8B5;LAB20, 2 B>< G8A;5 =0 A5;5. 5D>@<0 ?>2;5:;0 70 A>1>9 @57:>5  2 B@8 @070 ?> A@02=5=8N A A5@548=>9 80-E 3>4>2  A>:@0I5=85 68;8I=>3> AB@>8B5;LAB20 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8. !?04 ?@>4>;605BAO, 8 2 2001 3. 68;LO =0 A5;5 1K;> ?>AB@>5=> ?@8<5@=> 2 2 @070 <5=LH5, G5< 4065 2 1970 3. 8=0<8:0 AB@>8B5;LAB20 ?@82545=0 =0 @8A. 5-45. 04> : B><C 65 >B<5B8BL, GB> 70 3>4K @5D>@<K 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 2KAB@>5=> 1>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> 40G, 703>@>4=KE 4><>2 8 :>BB54659 A >G5=L 1>;LH>9, ?> A@02=5=8N A >1KG=K<8 68;8I0<8, ?;>I04LN. 0==KE AB0B8AB8:0 =5 ?@82>48B, >4=0:> 5A;8 CG5ABL MBC :><?>=5=BC, B> >1J5< AB@>8B5;LAB20 68;8I 4;O A5;LA:8E B@C65=8:>2 A=878BAO 5I5 1>;LH5. -B> 284=> 8 87 B>3>, :0: @57:> 2>7@>A;> AB@>8B5;LAB2> 4><>2 2 >A:>2A:>9 >1;0AB8, 345 A>A@54>B>G8;>AL 1>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> :>BB54659 8 40G, ?> A@02=5=8N A 4@C38<8 >1;0ABO<8 &5=B@0;L=>3> @09>=0 >AA88.  1985 3. >1I0O ?;>I04L ?>AB@>5==>3> 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 >A:>2A:>9 >1;0AB8 68;LO A>AB02;O;0 30,3% ?;>I048 68;LO, ?>AB@>5==>3> 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 2A5E >AB0;L=KE >1;0AB59 &5=B@0;L=>3> @09>=0.  1990 3. 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A=>2=CN 4>;N 70B@0B =0 A5;LA:>5 68;8I=>5 AB@>8B5;LAB2> 2 !$!  =5A;> 3>AC40@AB2> (2 1986-1990 33. =0 A@54AB20 3>AC40@AB20 1K;> ?>AB@>5=> 59% 68;>9 ?;>I048). !;54CNI8< ?> 206=>AB8 8AB>G=8:>< A@54AB2 1K;8 :>;E>7K 8 A>2E>7K.  1981-1985 33. 70 AG5B A@54AB2 A0<>3> =0A5;5=8O (8 :@548B>2, 27OBKE C 3>AC40@AB20) 1K;> ?>AB@>5=> =0 A5;5 11,8 <;=. :2. < 68;LO, 0 :>;E>70<8 8 A>2E>70<8  21,7 <;=. :2. <.  3>4K ?5@5AB@>9:8 @>;L =0A5;5=8O =5A:>;L:> 2>7@>A;0: 70 1986-1990 33. 70 A2>9 AG5B =0A5;5=85 ?>AB@>8;> 15,1 <;=. :2. <, 0 :>;E>7K 8 A>2E>7K  21,0 <;=. :2. <. ! @07@CH5=85< A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 8E 4>;O 2 AB@>8B5;LAB25 C?0;0, :0: 8 4>;O 3>AC40@AB20. !B@>8B5;LAB2> ?>GB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 2545BAO 70 AG5B A@54AB2 =0A5;5=8O 8 27OBKE 8< :@548B>2. %>4 MB>3> 87<5=5=8O 2845= =0 @8A. 5-46.  F5;>< <0AHB01K AB@>8B5;LAB20 8 @5:>=AB@C:F88 8=D@0AB@C:BC@K @>AA89A:>3> A5;0 2 @57C;LB0B5 @5D>@<K @57:> A=878;8AL  70 8A:;NG5=85< @01>B ?> 3078D8:0F88. -B> 284=> 87 B01;. 5-11. "01;8F0 5-11. 0728B85 8=D@0AB@C:BC@K A5;0 1990199519992>4 2 459AB285 2>4>?@>2>4=KE A5B59, :<.5901,81607,6615,92>4 2 459AB285 :0=0;870F8>==KE A5B59, :<.332,582,2& 2>4 2 459AB285 307>2KE A5B59, :<.7,016,516,92>4 2 459AB285 ;8=89 M;5:B@>?5@540G 4;O M;5:B@8D8:0F88 A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 =0?@O65=85< 6-20 :, BKA. :<. 24,5 6,9 4,1 !B@>8B5;LAB2> 4@C38E M;5<5=B>2 A>F80;L=>9 8=D@0AB@C:BC@K =0 A5;5 A>:@0B8;>AL 2 5I5 1>;LH59 AB5?5=8, =565;8 AB@>8B5;LAB2> 4>@>3, ;8=89 M;5:B@>?5@540G 8 2>4>?@>2>4=KE A5B59. 1 MB>< A2845B5;LAB2C5B A@02=5=85 40==KE ?> AB@>8B5;LAB2C >1J5:B>2 A>F80;L=>-:C;LBC@=>9 AD5@K 2 1990 3. 8, 2 A:>1:0E, 2 1999 3. >AB@>5=> 4>H:>;L=KE CG@5645=89, BKA. <5AB - 83,7 (2,0); 0<1C;0B>@=>-?>;8:;8=8G5A:8E CG@5645=89, BKA. ?>A5I5=89 2 A<5=C  17,6 (3,4); CG@5645=89 :C;LBC@K :;C1=>3> B8?0, BKA. <5AB  90,2 (9,1).  F5;>< C@>25=L A>F80;L=>-:C;LBC@=>3> >1A;C6820=8O 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8 7=0G8B5;L=> A=878;AO. A;8 2 3>@>45 2 1999 3. 64% 45B59 A>>B25BAB2CNI53> 2>7@0AB0 ?>;L7>20;8AL CA;C30<8 4>H:>;L=KE CG@5645=89 (?> A@02=5=8N A 1990 3. MB> >7=0G0;> A=865=85 =0 8,5%), B> 2 A5;LA:>9 <5AB=>AB8  B>;L:> 35% (MB> A=865=85 =0 37,5%). '8A;> ?>A5I5=89 :8=>A50=A>2 2 A@54=5< =0 >4=>3> 68B5;O A5;0 A>:@0B8;>AL A 14 2 1990 3. 4> 0,3 2 1999 3. !8;L=> A>:@0B8;0AL =0 A5;5 A5BL @09>==KE (?> G8A;C :>5: =0 25,3%) 8 CG0AB:>2KE (=0 26,1%) 1>;L=8F, 1>;55 ?@81;865==KE : 45@52=5, =565;8 F5=B@0;L=K5 @09>==K5 1>;L=8FK. #EC4H5=85 687=8 A5;LA:8E 68B5;59 2 @57C;LB0B5 :@878A0 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20 CAC3C1;O5BAO B5<, GB> =0 A5;5 A2>@0G820NBAO 8 <=>385 3>AC40@AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O 8 A>F80;L=K5 A;C61K, B0: GB> A>:@0I05BAO 2>7<>6=>ABL ?@8;>65=8O @01>G59 A8;K 2=5 A>1AB25==> A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20.  @0<:0E A5;LA:>3> >1@070 687=8 ?@>87>H5; 7=0G8B5;L=K9 ?5@5B>: @01>G59 A8;K, 8 : =0G0;C @5D>@<K ?@8<5@=> ?>;>28=0 @01>B=8:>2, 682CI8E 2 A5;5, 1K;0 70=OB0 C65 =5 A5;LA:8< E>7O9AB2><.  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