ࡱ> <=>?@ABCDE Oh+'0 0< X d p|(@CHAPTER TITLE = CHA =Normal  4Microsoft Word 8.0@dN@G@pævI<@,@:i+00/C:\ ՜.+,D՜.+,` hp   FantomasTR z1 (@CHAPTER TITLE =   6> _PID_GUIDAN{DDD2F660-1224-11D4-87D1-A248200752C6}/C:\@5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@ AB>@8O 2@>?K 70 ?>A;54=85 ?>;25:0, 25@>OB=>, AB0=5B <0B5@80;>< 4;O =>2>9 ;535=4K >1 873=0=88 87 @0O. > 1914 3>40 1K; @09. $83>2K5 ;8AB:8 =5 @0A?@545;O;8AL ?> :0@B>G:0< 8 =5 A;C68;8 4;O ?@8:@KB8O A@0<=KE <KA;59. 5<;O @0AB8;0 <0A;>, ?82>, 8:@C, :>;10AC 8 ?@>G55. >;>B> 1K;> =5 =C6=>: ;N48 ?@54?>G8B0;8 ?>;CG0BL :@548B:8, >=8 ;53G5 8 ?>@B0B82=55. !>F80;8AB8G5A:85 B83@K @073C;820;8 ?> :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8< 45BA:8< A040<  8 B>;L:> >1;87K20;8AL. -;;8=K 8 8C458 <>3;8 5E0BL 2 -;;04K 8;8 0;5AB8=K 157 287 8 157 @3C= &2> 5C<8. 8:B> =8:>3> =5 @570;. 2@>?59A:85 40<K 8 2K A2>8< @05< 1K;8 =5 >G5=L 4>2>;L=K. ?@>G5<, 181;59A:8E =5 2?>;=5 CAB@0820; 8 181;59A:89 @09: G53>-B> 8< 2A5-B0:8 =5 E20B0;>. 2B>@ ?5@2>3>  5I5 =5 ?5G0B=>3>  3=>A5>;>38G5A:>3> B@C40 ?@54;>68; 181;59A:><C 40<C 8 25 A2>N ?5@2CN B5>@8N ?>7=0=8O 4>1@0 8 7;0. =, 25@>OB=>, >?5@8@>20;  A0<K<8 A>2@5<5==K<8 =0CG=K<8 40==K<8 . 40< 8 20 MBC B5>@8N AJ5;8. #@>25=L 8E ?>=8<0B5;L=KE A?>A>1=>AB59 >B MB>3> =5 ?>4=O;AO =8:0:. > 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 C@>2=8 C?0;8 :0B0AB@>D8G5A:8. 'B>-B> 2 MB>< @>45 ?@>87>H;> 8 A 2@>?>9.  @0N, :>B>@K9 745AL A28@5?AB2>20; 4> 1914 3>40, G53>-B> 2A5-B0:8 =5 E20B0;>. 7 D8;>A>DA:8E 46C=3;59 2K=K@=C;8 =>2K5 02B>@K 8 ?@54;>68;8 =>2K5 B5>@88 4>1@0 8 7;0  => 2 CA;>28OE F828;870F88 8 8=4CAB@80;870F88  2 45AOB:0E 8 A>B=OE 20@80=B>2. 2@>?0 AJ5;0 8E 2A5E. B $C@L5 8 !5=-!8<>=0 4> 0@:A0 8 !0@B@0. #@>25=L ?>=8<0B5;L=KE A?>A>1=>AB59 2@>?K >B MB>3> =5 ?>4=O;AO =8:0:. > 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 C@>2=8 C?0;8 :0B0AB@>D8G5A:8. !>2@5<5==>5 A>AB>O=85 !!(, ?>-2848<><C, >G5=L 1;87:> : @09A:><C 1;065=AB2C 2@>?K 4> 1914 3>40. ABL <0A;> 8 :>;10A0, =5B ?>3>=8 70 7>;>B><  ;N48 25@OB 4065 8 :@548B:0<  =8:B> =8:>3> =5 @565B 8 G53>-B> 2A5-B0:8 =5 E20B05B. !!( 2 1947 3>4C, :0: 8 2@>?0 4> 1914 3>40, 682CB =5 D8;>A>D859, 0 B@048F859. "@048F88 2 2@>?5 8 2 !!( A>2?040NB =5 2?>;=5. 2@>?59A:85 <>6=> 1K;> 1K >1J548=8BL 2 D>@<C;5  70 25@C, F0@O 8 >B5G5AB2>  2 =5<5F:>< 20@80=B5  fuer Gott, Koenig und Vaterland.  !!( 1K;0  45:;0@0F8O =57028A8<>AB8 , ?> A2>5<C B>=C =5 >G5=L >B;8G02H0OAO >B 25@K, F0@O 8 >B5G5AB20. 0 2K1>@0E 2 :>=3@5AA, A>AB>O2H8EAO 5 =>O1@O 1946 3>40 87 91 <8;;8>=0 0<5@8:0=F52, >1;0402H8E ?@02>< 3>;>A0, 3>;>A>20;> B>;L:> 34 <8;;8>=0. AB0;L=K5 ?OBL45AOB A5<L <8;;8>=>2, ?>-2848<><C, AG8B0;8, GB> B@C4 =0 ?@>3C;:C : C@=5 8 >1@0B=> =8:0: =5 >?;0B8BAO @57C;LB0B0<8 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 0:B82=>AB8 MB8E ?OB845AOB8 A5<8 <8;;8>=>2.  2@>?5 B0:>9 ?@>F5=B 01A5=B587<0 =52>7<>65= 2>2A5. K <>3;8 1K A:070BL, GB> 2@>?0 ?>;8B8G5A:8 :C;LBC@=55 !!(. > <K <>3;8 1K A:070BL 8 4@C3>5: 87 2A59 AC<<K ?>;8B8G5A:>9 :C;LBC@=>AB8 2@>?K =5 2KH;> @>2=K< AG5B>< =8G53> ?CB=>3>: 2>9=K 2=5H=85 8 3@0640=A:85, 3>;>4 ?@><KH;5==K9 8 E;51=K9, =5=028ABL 2A5E ?@>B82 2A5E, @07@CH5==K5 8 C<8@0NI85 3>@>40 8, 345-B>, ?>4 ?>25@E=>ABLN  A>665==>9 75<;8 , =07@520=85 =>2KE 2>9=, =>2>9 @57=8 8 =>2>3> 3>;>40. K <>65< A:070BL, GB> <-@ 0BB8 C<?>   >60=K9 'C;>: $5=8<>@0 C?5@0  8 70:>==K9 =0A;54=8: <-@ !M< >4A2>@BA  2 <5@8:5, 1K;8 <5=55 :C;LBC@=K, G5< 0@; 0@:A 8 53> 70:>==K5 =0A;54=8:8 2 2@>?5. > <K <>65< B0:65 CB25@640BL, GB> <8@>2>77@5=85 C<?> 8 >4A2>@BA0 ?@8 2A59 53>  ?@8<8B82=>AB8 1K;> <8@>2>77@5=85< @07C<=K< 8 G5;>25G=K<.  GB> D8;>A>D8O 0@:A0 8 53> =0A;54=8:>2 5ABL D8;>A>D8O 15AA<KA;5==0O 8 15AG5;>25G=0O. !59G0A, <=5 :065BAO, MB> 4>AB0B>G=> >G5284=>. AB0NBAO <5=55 >G5284=K<8 F5;K5 @O4K D0:B>2, :>B>@K5 ?@825;8 2 ?>1545 A>F80;87<0, 3>;>40, D8;>A>D88 8 =5=028AB8  : 2>9=5 2A5E ?@>B82 2A5E. 5@20O B5>@8O ?>7=0=8O 4>1@0 8 7;0 : =0< 2 >@838=0;5 =5 4>H;0. K <>65< ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> >=0 :070;0AL 4>AB0B>G=> C1548B5;L=>9. K >1O70=K ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> >=0 1K;0 >14C<0==> =54>1@>A>25AB=>9. "@C4=>, :>=5G=>, O7K: BKAOG5;5B=59 @5;838>7=>9 A8<2>;8:8 ?5@525AB8 =0 60@3>= ?>;8B8G5A:>9 ?@0:B8:8 A53>4=OH=53> 4=O. 5B ?>GB8 425AB8 B><C =0704 @O4 ;N459, <>@0;L=> 8 C<AB25==> =5?>;=>F5==KE, ?@54;>68;8 =0<  48:B0BC@C @07C<0  ratio.  "5>@8O MB>9 48:B0BC@K :070;0AL C1548B5;L=>9. 0 ?@0:B8:5  @0F8>=0;8AB8G5A:0O D8;>A>D8O ?@825;0 : @57=5 8 3>;>4C. 48=AB25==>5 8AB8==> @0F8>=0;L=>5 ?@8<5=5=85 B5>@88 @0F8>=0;87<0 1K;> 4>AB83=CB> 2 @0F8>=8@>20=88 E;510 8 :0@B>H:8. "0: ratio ?@825; : @0F8>=0<. N48, :>B>@K5 =0< 2A5< ?@54;>68;8 MB8 D8;>A>D88  <>@0;L=> AB>O;8 =0 3@0=8 C3>;>2I8=K 8 C<AB25==> =0 ?>@>35 AC<0AH54H53> 4><0  8=>340, 2?@>G5<, ?5@5ABC?0O 8 3@0=8 8 ?>@>38. E <=>3>G8A;5==>5 ?>B><AB2>, C=0A;54>202H55 8E <>@0;L=K5 8 C<AB25==K5 :0G5AB20, 70?>;=8;> A>1>9 :0D54@K D8;>A>D88 8 8AB>@88, 70E20B8;> ?5G0BL 8 @048>, >3;CH8;> A@54=53> G5;>25:0 2@>?K ?@>?030=4>9 =5=028AB8 8 7;>1K. -B0 ?@>?030=40 :070;0AL C1548B5;L=>9. 0 ?@0:B8:5 >=0 ?@825;0 : ?>B5@5 @0O 452OB8A>BKE 3>4>2, @0O, 4>AB83=CB>3> 25:>2K<8 CA8;8O<8 52@>?59A:8E C<?> 8 >4A2>@BA>2   A@54=8E ;N459 , =5 ?8B02H8EAO >?8C<>< =0C:8. #A8;8O D8;>A>DA:8E ?>:>;5=89 1K;8, ?@5645 2A53>, CA8;8O<8 =54>1@>A>25AB=K<8. >4 MB8:5B:>9  =0C:8 =0< ?@5?>4=5A;8 B>, GB> =8:>340 =8:0:>9 =0C:>9 =5 1K;> 8 =5 O2;O5BAO =0C:>9 8 A59G0A. 0H5 A>7=0=85 =0?>;=8;8 @O4>< 8;;N7>@=KE ?@54AB02;5=89. 0H8 4CH8 =0?>;=8;8 =5=028ABLN. 0H O7K: 70A>@8;8 A;>20<8, :>B>@K5 2 1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 =5 >7=0G0NB @>2=K< AG5B>< =8G53>, 8 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE >7=0G0NB ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 D0;LA8D8:0F8N. AO:89 D8;>A>D =>@>28B A25@3=CBL 2AO:CN @5;838N 8 2AO:CN B@048F8N 8 =0 8E <5AB> ?>AB028BL A2>N AB8=C A 1>;LH>9 1C:2K, 548=AB25==CN =0CG=> >1>A=>20==CN, 548=AB25==CN, 2> 8<O :>B>@>9 <>6=> 8 4>;6=> =5=02845BL 8 @570BL 1;86=8E A2>8E. >B: =5=028ABLN 8 @57=59 <K 8 70=8<05<AO 45AOB:8 ;5B ?>4@O4. 2@>?0 ;568B 2 3@O78, 2 :@>28, 2 3=>5 8 2 =5=028AB8. 2B>@ MB>9 :=838 ;8G=>, =0 A>1AB25==>9 H:C@5, ?5@568; 17 ;5B A>25BA:>9 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 D8;>A>D88, A5<L ;5B 35@<0=A:>9 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 D8;>A>D88 8, 2 ?@><56CB:0E, 8<5; 2>7<>6=>ABL =0A;0640BLAO =5:>B>@K<8 8=K<8 20@80=B0<8 =5:>B>@KE 8=KE B5>@89 ?>7=0=8O 4>1@0 8 7;0. -B0 :=830, ?@5645 2A53>, AB0@05BAO 1KBL 4>1@>A>25AB=>9. 5 A>45@60=85 8 55 2K2>4K 48:BCNBAO <MI>;8G=K<<D> 8 <MI>:@>202K<<D> >?KB>< ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 42CE @52>;NF89, 42CE 2>9=, 45AOB:>2 0@5AB>2, B@5<O A<5@B=K<8 ?@83>2>@0<8 8 B@84F0BLN 3>40<8 3>;>40 8 AB@0E0. <MI>8:0:>9 <D>A>1AB25==>9 D8;>A>D88 MB0 :=830 =5 8<55B. > =5:>B>@K5 >A=>2=K5 B5@<8=K 4;O =55 =5>1E>48<> CAB0=>28BL. 5AOB:8 BKAOG CG5=59H8E <C659 25:0 A53> @07@010BK20NB @>AAK?8 3C<0=8B0@=KE =0C:, ?5@5?>;=5==K5 D0;LH82K<8 :@548B:0<8. !>B=8 BKAOG B><>2 =0?>;=5=K A;>20<8, B5@<8=0<8 8 ?>=OB8O<8, :>B>@K5 8;8 >1>7=0G0NB @07=K5 25I8 8;8 =5 >1>7=0G0NB =8G53>. -B0 :=830 3>2>@8B > A>F80;87<5, D8;>A>D88, @52>;NF88 8 2AO:8E 4@C38E 25I0E 2 B>< 65 @>45.  O E>GC, ?@5645 2A53>, B>G=> CAB0=>28BL: > G5< 65 A>1AB25==> 845B @5GL? 1>, 5A;8 <K 1C45< 3>2>@8BL > 45<>:@0B88 8 701C45< A:070BL > B><, GB> 5A;8 <K =07>25< 45<>:@0B859 8 AB@>9 !!( 8 AB@>9 !!! , B> A;>2>  45<>:@0B8O A>25@H5==> >G5284=> =5 1C45B >1>7=0G0BL @5H8B5;L=> =8G53>. >GB8 B0:65 @5H8B5;L=> =8G53> A59G0A =5 >1>7=0G05B A;>2>  A>F80;87< . "5@<8=  D0H87< ?@52@0B8;AO 2 @C30B5;LAB2>. >2>;L=> >G5284=>, GB>  @52>;NF8O 2 B5E=8:5 8 @52>;NF8O 2 >AA88 >1>7=0G0NB A>25@H5==> @07=K5 25I8. >MB><C O =0G=C A >?@545;5=8O: GB> 8<5==> <B>/<D> ?>=8<0N ?>4 B5<8 B5@<8=0<8, :>B>@K5 1C4CB ?@8<5=OBLAO 2 MB>9 :=835. -@ ;N<, B>20@8I !B0;8= 8;8 4-@ (C<0E5@ <>3CB MB8 65 B5@<8=K ?>=8<0BL 8=0G5  MB> 8E 45;>. "0:, A>25@H5==> OA=>, GB> ?>4 B5@<8=><  A>F80;87< MB8 ;N48 ?>=8<0NB 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05 =5 A>2A5< A>2?040NI85 25I8. >4 B5@<8=>< A>F80;87<>< O ?>=8<0N CG5=85, B@51CNI55 >1>1I5AB2;5=8O A@54AB2 ?@>872>4AB20 8 :0: ?@8=F8? 8 :0: F5;L,  B>-5ABL CG5=85, ?@8=F8?80;L=> B@51CNI55 ;8:2840F88 G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8. ! MB>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O  =0F8>=0;870F8O 65;57=KE 4>@>3 <>65B 1KBL A>F80;87<><, => <>65B 8 =5 1KBL A>F80;87<><. =0 <>65B 48:B>20BLAO  ?@8=F8?>< , 8 B>340 >=0 1C45B B>;L:> >4=8< 87 725=L52 2 >1I59 F5?8 @0A:C;0G820=8O G5;>25G5AB20, 8 >=0 <>65B 48:B>20BLAO B5E=8G5A:8<8 A>>1@065=8O<8  8 B>340 >=0 1C45B ?@>AB> >4=8< 87 20@80=B>2 E>7O9AB25==>9 B5E=8:8. -@ -BB;8, 0 A =8< 8 0=3;89A:0O @01>G0O ?0@B8O, 1C4CB, 25@>OB=>, 8A:@5==5 >3>@G5=K, 5A;8 8< 4>:06CB, GB> 8E E>7O9AB25==0O ?>;8B8:0  2 8=KE CA;>28OE 8 A 8=K<8 ?@54?>AK;:0<8  ?@>AB>-=0-?@>AB> ?>2B>@O5B E>7O9AB25==CN ?>;8B8:C 8:>;0O B>@>3>. -@ -BB;8  =0F8>=0;878@>20; =3;89A:89 0=:  @CAA:89 2A5340 1K; 3>AC40@AB25==K<. -@ -BB;8  =0F8>=0;878@C5B 65;57=K5 4>@>38  8:>;09 B>@>9  A:C?0; 8E 2 :07=C . 5@5E>4 0=3;89A:8E 65;57=KE 4>@>3 2 @C:8 0=3;89A:>3> ?@028B5;LAB20 AG8B05BAO  @52>;NF859 . 5@5E>4 @CAA:8E 65;57=KE 4>@>3 2 @C:8 @CAA:>3> ?@028B5;LAB20 AG8B0;AO  @50:F859 . -@ -BB;8 E;>?>G5B > 15A?;0B=>< A@54=5< 8 2KAH5< >1@07>20=88  ?@8 8:>;05 B>@>< 2 >AA88 >=> 1K;> ?>GB8 ?>;=>ABLN 15A?;0B=>, 0 ?5@54 A0<>9 @52>;NF859 1K; ?@>2545= 70:>= > ?>;=>9 15A?;0B=>AB8  ?@8 G5< =5 B>;L:> >1CG5=8O, => 8 687=8 2> 2@5<O >1CG5=8O. >9 >B5F >:>=G8; CG8B5;LA:CN A5<8=0@8N 70 :075==K9 AG5B  2 MB>B :075==K9 AG5B 2E>48;> 2A5 A>45@60=85 8 ?8B0=85 CG0I8EAO. / 70 2A5 2@5<O A2>53> >1CG5=8O 2 C=825@A8B5B5 2=5A B>;L:> ?;0BC 70 2ABC?;5=85  25 @C1;59. -@ -BB;8 ?@825@65= : #. 0?><=N, GB> ?5@2K9 ?@>5:B 838 0F89 1K; ?@54;>65= ;5:A0=4@>< 5@2K<, ?@>5:B 3003A:>3> B@81C=0;0  8:>;05< B>@K<. &0@A:0O >AA8O 8<5;0 :@C?=CN :075==CN  B>-5ABL =0F8>=0;878@>20==CN ?@><KH;5==>ABL, 45AOB8;5B8O<8 ?>445@6820;0 B0:85 A>F80;8AB8G5A:85 D>@<K A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20, :0: >1I8==>5 75<;52;045=85, 8<5;0 =081>;55 :@C?=>5 2 <8@5 :>>?5@0B82=>5 42865=85  8 @CAA:0O  >1I5AB25==>ABL B0: 65 60;>20;0AL =0  F0@A:CN 1N@>:@0B8N , :0: 0=3;89A:0O  =0 ;591>@8ABA:CN. 2@59A:85 @52>;NF8>==K5 >@30=870F88  C=4 2 &0@A:>9 >AA88 8 @3C= &2> 5C<8 2 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>< commonwealth @02=> >E>B8;8AL 70 @CAA:8<8 8 70 0=3;89A:8<8 3>@>4>2K<8 8 ?>4AK;0;8 1><1K 8 @CAA:8< @50:F8>==K< <8=8AB@0< 8 0=3;89A:8< @52>;NF8>==K<. !;54>20B5;L=>: 5A;8 <-@ -BB;8 5ABL A>F80;8AB, B> A;54C5B =0720BL A>F80;8AB>< 8 8:>;0O B>@>3>. 8:>;0O B>@>3> =8:B> 4> A8E ?>@ A>F80;8AB>< =5 =07K20;. ;8, 5A;8 8:>;09 B>@>9 5ABL  @50:F8O , B>  @50:F8O 5ABL 8 <-@ -BB;8. @54H5AB25==8:8 <-@0 -B;8 =07K20;8 @50:F8>=5@>< 8:>;0O B>@>3>, 0 =0A;54=8: 8:>;0O B>@>3> ?> A0<>45@602=><C B@>=C 2 >AA88 =07K205B @50:F859 <-@0 -BB;8. @09=OO 1C@6C07=0O ?0@B8O $@0=F88 =07K205B A51O @048:0;L=>-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B859, 0 ?@028B5;LAB2> 14C; 0<840 4> A8E ?>@ =8:B> =5 4>3040;AO =0720BL 8AB8==> A>F80;8AB8G5A:8< ?@028B5;LAB2><: 5<C 2 "C@F88 ?@8=04;560;0 2AO 75<;O 8 2A5, GB> =0 MB>9 75<;5 =0E>48;>AL. >65B 1KBL, 8<5==> ?>MB><C <564C @50:F8>==K< ?@028B5;LAB2>< 14C; 0<840 8 @52>;NF8>==K< ?@028B5;LAB2>< >A8D0 !B0;8=0 ?@>A25I5==K9 =01;N40B5;L <>3 1K CAB0=>28BL ?>;=>5 B>645AB2> ?>;8B8G5A:8E <5B>4>2. !>F80;87< 5ABL ?@8=F8?80;L=>5 >B@8F0=85 G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8 (8 A5<L8  B>65). >GB0 =5 5ABL A>F80;87<, 8 A5<8@=K9 >GB>2K9 !>N7 =5 O2;O5BAO =8:0:8<  8=B5@=0F8>=0;>< . -@ -BB;8, =0F8>=0;878@>202 B5;53@0D=K5 ?@>2>40, =8:0:>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> ?>42830 =5 A>25@H8;. / =5 7=0N, GB> >= 1C45B A>25@H0BL 40;LH5, => =0 <MI>40==K9<D> <><5=B ?@028B5;LAB2> @01>G59 ?0@B88 ?@>2>48B ?@>3@0<<C E>7O9AB25==>-B5E=8G5A:8E @5D>@<, :>B>@K5 <>3CB AB0BL A>F80;87<><, => :>B>@K5 A59G0A 5I5 =5 A>F80;87<. >:0 MB> 5ABL 2>?@>A B5E=8:8. !>F80;87< 5ABL 2>?@>A ?@8=F8?0. 52>;NF859 O =07K20N 2>>@C65==K9 A>F80;L=K9 ?5@52>@>B ( 70E20B 2;0AB8 ), 8<5NI89 2 284C CAB0=>2;5=85 =>2>3> >1I5AB25==>3> AB@>O 8 =>2>3> ?@02OI53> A;>O. <5==> B0:8<8 1K;8: D@0=FC7A:0O @52>;NF8O 1789 3>40, @CAA:0O 1917 8 ?>GB8 B0:>9 65 1K;0 35@<0=A:0O 1933 3>40. !;54>20B5;L=>, =8 ;825@ @><25;L, =8 5>@3 0H8=3B>= =5 1K;8 =8:0:8<8 @52>;NF8>=5@0<8.  =3;88 8 2 <5@8:5 1K;8 =0@>4=K5 2>AAB0=8O, =0?@02;5==K5 =0 70I8BC AB0@KE?@02, AB0@KE 2>;L=>AB59 8 AB0@KE B@048F89. 52>;NF8O @>6405BAO 87 D8;>A>D88: D@0=FC7A:0O  87 CAA>, @CAA:0O  87 0@:A0, 35@<0=A:0O  87 535;O. >AAB0=85 @>640NB =0@>4=K5 <0AAK. "0: =07K205<K5  @5D>@<K 5B@0 5;8:>3> 2 >AA88 1K;8 @52>;NF859 0 ?C30G52A:>5 42865=85, =0?@02;5==>5 ?@>B82 MB8E @5D>@<, 1K;> 2>AAB0=85<. A=>2=CN 8 @5H0NICN G0ABL @5D>@<K 5B@0 A>AB02;O;> 22545=85 2 >AA88 :@5?>AB=>3> ?@020 8 @>645=85 =>2>3> ?@02OI53> A;>O  @01>2;045;LG5A:>3>. A=>2=K5 ;>7C=38 C30G520 A2>48;8AL : 1>@L15 A @01AB2>< 2> 8<O  AB0@KE 2>;L=>AB59 . 0@B859 O =07K20N 3@C??C ;N459, >1J548=5==CN >1I=>ABLN ?>;8B8G5A:>9 ?@>3@0<<K. "0:8< >1@07><: =8 2838, =8 B>@8, =8 @5A?C1;8:0=FK, =8 45<>:@0BK, =8 :>=A5@20B>@K, =8 ;815@0;K  2 MB>< A<KA;5 A;>20 ?0@B8O<8 =5 O2;ONBAO, 81> =8:0:8E ?>;8B8G5A:8E ?@>3@0<< C =8E =5 1K;>, 8 =5B. 01>G0O ?0@B8O <-@0 -BB;8 O2;O5BAO ?5@2>9 ?>?KB:>9 52@>?5870F88 =3;88: ?@52@0I5=8O >BAB0;>3> 1@8B0=A:>3> >AB@>20 2 ?>;8B8G5A:8 ?5@54>2CN 52@>?59A:CN AB@0=C. > <-@0 -BB;8 0=3;>A0:A>=A:85 AB@0=K 8<5;8 15A?0@B89=CN, 8;8 2=5?0@B89=CN A8AB5<C C?@02;5=8O AB@0=>9. 8 >4=0  ?0@B8O =5 8<5;0 =8 A2>59 ?@>3@0<<K, =8 B5< 1>;55 A2>59 D8;>A>D88.  2@>?5 :0640O ?0@B8O A>45@68B A2>8E D8;>A>D>2 8 :064K9 D8;>A>D =>@>28B ?@8AB@>8BLAO =0 A>45@60=85 2 A2>59 ?0@B88.  5@<0=A:>< ?0@;0<5=B5 259<0@A:>9 M?>E8 70A540;> >:>;> G5BK@5E 45AOB:>2 ?0@B89, 2>>@C65==KE G5BK@L<O 45AOB:0<8 ?@>3@0<< 8 G5BK@L<O 45AOB:0<8 D8;>A>D89. -B> :0:-B> =5 <>3;> =5 :>=G8BLAO. >=G8;>AL MB> 4>2>;L=> ?;>E>. 50:F859O =07K20N B0:>5 8AB>@8G5A:>5 42865=85, :>B>@>5 ?@82>48B : C<5=LH5=8N E;510, A2>1>4K 8 157>?0A=>AB8.  >AA88 @5D>@<K 5B@0 5;8:>3> 1K;8 B0:65 @50:F8>==K, :0: @52>;NF8O 5=8=0: E;510, A2>1>4K 8 157>?0A=>AB8 AB0;> <5=LH5, G5< 1K;> 8 4> @5D>@<K 8 4> @52>;NF88. 50:F8O =5 <>65B 1KBL ?@>B82>?>AB02;5=0 @52>;NF88  81> @52>;NF8O 2A5340 @50:F8>==0, 0 @50:F8O 2A5340 459AB2C5B @52>;NF8>==K<8 <5B>40<8: 2>>@C65==K< =0A8;85< <5=LH8=AB20 =0F88 =04 55 1>;LH8=AB2><. 8B;5@ 1K; @50:F859 ?> A@02=5=8N A 8;L35;L<>< B>@K<, 8 >AA8O 5B5@1C@3A:>9 <?5@88 1K;0 @50:F859 ?> A@02=5=8N A >A:>2A:8< &0@AB2><. @BOLD = <B>$8;>A>D859<D> @AFTER BOLD = O =07K20N B>, G5<C >1CG0NB =0 D8;>A>DA:8E D0:C;LB5B0E: H:>;L=CN,  F5=7>2CN D8;>A>D8N, ?>?KB:8 ?>AB@>8BL  F5;L=>5 8  AB@>9=>5 <8@>2>77@5=85, 70<5=8BL 8< @5;838N 8 B@048F8N 8 40BL =0<, ?@>D0=0< 8 ?;51AC, =>2K5 @5F5?BK CAB@>9AB20 =0H59 ?@>D0=A:>9 8 ?;5159A:>9 687=8. >MB><C  D8;>A>D859 1C4CB 8 ;0B>=, 8 >=B, 8 0=B, 8 535;L.  D8;>A>D0<8 <B>=5<D> 1C4CB: =8 -<5@A>=, =8 >AB>52A:89.  KH;5=85 ?@52@0I05BAO 2  D8;>A>D8N B>;L:> B>340, :>340 >=> ?5@5E>48B ?>@>3 G5;>25G5A:>9 A:@><=>AB8 8 >1I5G5;>25G5A:>3> 74@02>3> A<KA;0. 535;L O2;O5BAO, :>=5G=>, 25;8G09H8< D8;>A>D>< <8@>2>9 8AB>@88: >= CB25@640;, GB> >=  8 B>;L:> >= >48=, >1;0405B  01A>;NB=K< 7=0=85< .  @57C;LB0B5 MB>3>  01A>;NB=>3> 7=0=8O A59G0A 2 5@;8=5, 2<5AB> 3535;52A:>3> 8AB8==> ?@CAA:>3>  <8@>2>3> 4CE0 A848B A;02O=A:89 8 A>25BA:89 <0@H0; !>:>;>2A:89. @C385 D8;>A>D88 =>A8;8 =5A:>;L:> <5=55 01A>;NB=K9 E0@0:B5@ 8 ?@825;8 : =5A:>;L:> <5=55 >G5284=K< ?>A;54AB28O<. >  B>65 ?@825;8.  B><, GB> A59G0A 2 2@>?5 <>6=> =0720BL 45<>:@0B859 O =5 8<5N =8:0:>3> ?@54AB02;5=8O. A;8 <0@H0; "8B> 8 35=5@0; 45 >;L, @8<A:89 0?0 8 B>20@8I !B0;8=, <-@ -BB;8 8 :0<@04 ">@@57 2A5 =07K20NB A51O 45<>:@0B0<8, B> OA=>, GB> B5@<8= 45<>:@0B8O =5 >1>7=0G05B 2 2@>?5 =8:0:>3> >?@545;5==>3> O2;5=8O.  5<>:@0B8G5A:89 AB@>9 8<55B >?@545;5==K9 A<KA; 2 !!( 8 2 =3;88, B5@O5B 53> 2> $@0=F88 8 =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> A<KA;0 2 >AB0;L=>9 2@>?5. !B>O =0 B>G:5 7@5=8O D0:B8G5A:>3> >?KB0, <>6=> 1K;> 1K A:070BL, GB> 45<>:@0B8G5A:89 3>AC40@AB25==K9 AB@>9 ;53:> 8 02B><0B8G5A:8 C405BAO 2> 2A5E 0=3;>A0:A>=A:8E AB@0=0E.  B0: 65 02B><0B8G5A:8 8 ;53:> ?@>20;8205BAO 2> 2A5E >AB0;L=KE.  >AA88, 5@<0=88, 2AB@88, >;LH5, B0;88, A?0=88, >@BC30;88  87 45<>:@0B8G5A:>3> AB@>O =5 2KH;> =8G53>. $@0=F8O H0B05BAO <564C B5@@>@87<><, 1>=0?0@B87<><, 45-3>;87<><, :><<C=87<><, ?5@568205B G5B25@BCN @5A?C1;8:C 8 =5 8725AB=>, A<>65B ;8 5I5 ?5@568BL 8 ?OBCN. 5<>:@0B87< D>@<K ?@02;5=8O =5 8<55B ?>GB8 =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : 45<>:@0B87<C 687=8: N@848G5A:8 A0<>45@602=0O >AA8O 8<5;0, ?>-2848<><C, A0<K9 45<>:@0B8G5A:89 2 <8@5 C:;04 687=8 (?@>HC ?@8=OBL 2> 2=8<0=85, GB> 02B>@ MB>9 :=838 O2;O5BAO :@5ABLO=8=>< ?> @>645=8N). =3;89A:89 45<>:@0B8G5A:89 AB@>9  4> <-@0 -BB;8, 8<5;, ?>-2848<><C, =081>;55 0@8AB>:@0B8G5A:89 687=5==K9 C:;04. 8B09 1>34KE0=>2 7=0; B>;L:> >48= A>F80;L=K9 F5=7  >1@07>20B5;L=K9. >6=> 25@8BL 2 B>, GB> ?>A;5 =5C40G=KE >?KB>2 45AOB8 25:>2, 2@>?0 AC<55B AB0BL 45<>:@0B8G5A:>9 2 B5G5=85 45AOB8 ;5B. > MB><C <>6=> 8 =5 25@8BL.  G8AB> B5@<8=>;>38G5A:>< >B=>H5=88 A>F80;87< 8<55B 2A5-B0:8 =5:>B>@K5 ?@58<CI5AB20 ?5@54 45<>:@0B859: A>F80;8AB0<8 =07K20NB A51O 2A5-B0:8 =5 2A5. 5<>:@0B0<8  @5H8B5;L=> 2A5. 18AA8=A:89 =53CA, 25@>OB=>, B>65 ?@8=04;568B : G8A;C A0<KE 45<>:@0B8G5A:8E ?@028B5;59 <8@0... >6=> 25@8BL 8 2 45<>:@0B87< %09;5 !5;0AA85. >  <>6=> 8 =5 25@8BL.  :=835, ?@5B5=4CNI59 =0 =5:>B>@CN AB5?5=L ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 4>1@>A>25AB=>AB8,  157 B5@<8=0 45<>:@0B8O ;CGH5 2>2A5 >1>9B8AL. ;8, 5A;8 8 ?@8<5=OBL, B> A ?@8;030B5;L=K<: 0<5@8:0=A:0O, AB0;8=A:0O, 018AA8=A:0O 8 ?@>G0O  B>340, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, 1C45B OA=>, > G5< 8<5==> 845B @5GL. @81;878B5;L=> B5 65 A>>1@065=8O <>6=> 2KA:070BL 8 ?> ?>2>4C @BOLD = <B><>=0@E88.<D> !CI5AB2CNB 8;8 ACI5AB2>20;8 <>=0@E88 =0A;54AB25==K5 8 <>=0@E88 2K1>@=K5. !CI5AB2C5B 018AA8=A:0O <>=0@E8O 8 ACI5AB2C5B 0=3;89A:0O. =3;89A:0O <>=0@E8O O2;O5BAO A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9, 0<5@8:0=A:0O @5A?C1;8:0 O2;O5BAO :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9. >2>;L=> >G5284=>, GB> B5@<8=  <>=0@E8O , 27OBK9 157 ?@8;030B5;L=>3>, 3>2>@8B 5I5 <5=LH5, G5< B5@<8=  45<>:@0B8O . -B0 :=830 :0A05BAO 35=578A0 A>F80;87<0, 8, 2 G0AB=>AB8, 35=578A0 @CAA:>3> A>F80;87<0. >=0@E8O 2 >AA88 ACI5AB2>20;0 ?>GB8 >48==04F0BL 25:>2. ! =59 1>@>;AO 8 55 ;8:2848@>20; A>F80;87<.  2<5AB> >3@0=8G5==>9, =0A;54AB25==>9 8 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 <>=0@E88 CAB0=>28; =5>3@0=8G5==CN, =5=0A;54AB25==CN 8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN  =5 AB>;L:> 0=3;89A:>3>, A:>;L:> 018AA8=A:>3> B8?0. @81;878B5;L=> B5< 65 :>=G8;8AL A>F80;L=K5 @52>;NF88 2> $@0=F88, 2 B0;88 8 2 5@<0=88. A?0=8O =0H;0 D@0=:8ABA:89 :><?@><8AA: 2>64L 2> 3;025 <>=0@E88.  MB>9 :=835 O 3>2>@N ?>GB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> > @CAA:>9 <>=0@E88. > 8 >=0  2 B5G5=85 >48==04F0B8 25:>2, =5 1K;0 =587<5==>9, 0 2 B5G5=85 ?>A;54=8E 42CEA>B ;5B ?5@568;0 @O4 @52>;NF8>==KE <CB0F89. A;8 2 XIX 25:5 ?@5AB>; 70<5I0;AO ?> ?@02C =0A;54>20=8O, B> 2 XVIII =>@<0;L=K< ?CB5< 2>AH5AB28O =0 ?@5AB>; 1K;> C189AB2> A2>53> ?@54H5AB25==8:0. >=0@E8O XIX 25:0 1K;0 =570:>=G5==>9 ?>?KB:>9 2>AAB0=>28BL B@048F8N >A:>2A:>9 CA8, <>=0@E8O XVIII  1K;0 ?>?KB:>9 CAB0=>28BL 2 >AA88 ?>;LA:89 3>AC40@AB25==K9 AB@>9: 48:B0BC@C 42>@O=AB20 ?>4 2K25A:>9 <>=0@E>2, :>B>@K5 <MI>=07=0G0;8AL <D>?@02OI8< A;>5< 8 8< 65 >B?@02;O;8AL =0 B>B A25B. >=0@E8O AB0@>9 >A:2K 1K;0 45<>:@0B8G5A:>9, 2 AB8;5 =3;88 =0G0;0 XX 25:0, <>=0@E8O XVIII 25:0 1K;0 @01>2;045;LG5A:>9 2K25A:>9 =04 48:B0BC@>9 :;0AA0. >=0@E8O XIX 25:0 1K;0 B5E=8G5A:8 G8AB> 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>9, 0 A>F80;L=> >?8@0;0AL =0 =0@>4=K5 =87K  8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, AB0@0;0AL >?8@0BLAO. ! B>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, :>B>@CN O ?>AB0@0NAL 4>:070BL =865  5B@ 5@2K9 8 :0B5@8=0 B>@0O, :>B>@KE 8AB>@8O =0720;0 5;8:8<8, 1K;8 2K25A:0<8 =04 M?>E0<8 A0<>9 AB@0H=>9 @50:F882 @CAA:>9 8AB>@88.  8:>;09 5@2K9,  0;:8= ?> B>;AB>2A:><C M?8B5BC, 1K; ?@>AB> @01>B=8:>< @CAA:>9 M2>;NF88 :0: 8 53> =0A;54=8:8.  A8;C 2A53> MB>3>, @CAA:0O >1I5AB25==0O <KA;L 2K@01>B0;0 425 B>G:8 7@5=8O =0 @CAA:CN <>=0@E8N  =5A>2<5AB8<K5 =8:0:. 4=C AD>@<C;8@>20; ;. !>;>2L52:  48:B0BC@0 A>25AB8 ,  MB> ?@81;878B5;L=> A>>B25BAB2C5B BKAOG5;5B=59 @5;838>7=>-A>F80;L=>9 B@048F88 @CAA:>3> :@5ABLO=AB20. @C30O 1K;0 A@540:B8@>20=0 2 D>@<C;C  :@>202K9 F0@87< . "0:8< >1@07><, B5@<8= @CAA:>9 <>=0@E88 <>6=> ?>=8<0BL  :0: 48:B0BC@C A>25AB8, :0: 48:B0BC@C @50:F88 8;8 :0: 2K25A:C 48:B0BC@K A>25AB8 =04 48:B0BC@>9 @50:F88.  A2>59 8AB>@88 @CAA:0O <>=0@E8O ?@>H;0 2A5 B@8 MB0?0.  1K;0 @07402;5=0 2 1>@L15 <564C @50:F859 8 @52>;NF859. / 1>NAL, GB> MB0 :=830 ?>B@51C5B >B G8B0B5;O =5:>53> A0<>>B25@65=8O. @845BAO >B25@3=CBL F5;K9 @O4 ?@82KG=KE <KA;59, <KA;59, AB02H8E G0ABLN G8B0B5;LA:>3>  O . G5=L B@C4=>, =0?@8<5@, ?@87=0BL, GB> 8:>;09 B>@>9 1K; ?> ACI5AB2C B0:8< 65 M2>;NF8>=8AB>< 8 ?@>3@5AA8AB><, :0:8< O2;O5BAO <-@ -BB;8. ;8  GB> O ?>?KB0NAL 4>:070BL 2?>A;54AB288  => 4>:070BL 4>:C<5=B0;L=>  GB> A@54=89 10=:8@ 8;8 A0?>6=8: >:07K205BAO C<=55A@54=53> D8;>A>D0 8;8 35>-?>;8B8:0. 'B> A>2@5<5==K5 :07=8 38?5BA:85 =5 A20;8;8AL =0 2@>?C A =510,  :0: <0==0 =515A=0O D8;>A>DA:8E >15I0=89, =0;5BC ?@52@0B82H0OAO 2 ?5?5; 8 :8@?8G8. ,  >A=>2=>5,  GB> 2A5 B>, GB> <K =07K205< 3C<0=8B0@=K<8 =0C:0<8  5ABL ?@>AB> H0@;0B0=AB2> 8 274>@. ;8, 2 A0<>< ;CGH5< A;CG05, =01>@ @07@>7=5==KE 8 ?@>872>;L=> ?>4>1@0==KE D0:B>2, =5 A2O70==KE =8:0:8<8 =8BO<8 ?@8G8==>AB8.  :>=F5 ?@>H;>3> 8 2 =0G0;5 =K=5H=53> AB>;5B8O 2 2@>?5 2K@>A  =0CG=K9 A>F80;87<  B>-5ABL 2K@>A;0 =0C:0 > =5ACI5AB2CNI5< 2 ?@8@>45 O2;5=88. 0C:0 > 2K<KA;5. ;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =0C:0 > <5GB5. A;8 535;L 8 0@:A 5ABL =0C:0, B> !B0;8= 8 8B;5@ 5ABL 8AB8==> =0CG=K5 @01>B=8:8 G5;>25G5AB20, 0  8 5AB0?> 5ABL 8AB8==> =0CG=K5 CG@5645=8O.  !B0;8= 8 8B;5@ =5 2K4C<0;8 @5H8B5;L=> =8G53> =>2>3>. ">, GB> A59G0A ?@0:B8G5A:8 @50;87C5B !B0;8=,  1K;> ?>43>B>2;5=>, AD>@<C;8@>20=> 8 4065 2KG5@G5=> F5;K<8 ?>:>;5=8O<8 @CAA:8E D8;>A>D>2. ">, GB> ?>?KB0;AO ?@0:B8G5A:8 @50;87>20BL 8B;5@  1K;> ?>43>B>2;5=>, AD>@<C;8@>20=> 8 2KG5@G5=> F5;K<8 ?>:>;5=8O<8 =5<5F:8E. @>872>;0 BCB =5B =8:0:>3>. ABL 87C<8B5;L=>5 ?> A2>59 ?>A;54>20B5;L=>AB8 H5AB285 ?> ?CBO< =0C:8. ;8 =0C:. 07=KE =0C:. A;8 535;L 8 0@:A 5ABL =0C:0, B>  8 5AB0?> 5ABL A0<>5 A>2@5<5==>5 4>AB865=85 MB>9 =0C:8. A;8 D8;>A>D8O E>BL GB>-;81> ?>=8<05B 2 G5;>25G5A:>9 687=8, B> >@30=870F8O MB>9 687=8 2 2@>?5 2>>1I5, 0 2 >AA88 8 5@<0=88 2 G0AB=>AB8 8 2 >A>15==>AB8, 5ABL >4=> 87 2KA>G09H8E 4>AB865=89 2 >1;0AB8 ?>AB@>5=8O 687=8 =0 8AB8==> D8;>A>DA:8E =0G0;0E: B0: 2@>?0 =5 68;0 4065 8 2 3C==A:85 2@5<5=0. A;8 535;L 8 0@:A, CAA> 8 >=B, '5@=KH52A:89 8 02@>2, ><10@B 8 0CBA:89 5ABL =0C:0,  B> ?5=8F8;;8= 5ABL 274>@.   =0>1>@>B. A;8 ?5=8F8;;8= 5ABL =0C:0, B> 3535;8 8 3535;OB0 5ABL 274>@. !59G0A D8;>A>DA:8 ?@>A25I5==K9 52@>?59A:89 =01;N40B5;L ?> =082=>-@50;8AB8G5A:><C ?>2A54=52=><C A2>5<C >?KBC <>65B CAB0=>28BL B>B A>25@H5==> >G5284=K9 D0:B, GB> =8:0:>9 ?5=8F8;;8= 0=3;89A:>9 <548F8=K =5 <>65B :><?5=A8@>20BL ?>A;54AB289 52@>?59A:8E 3535;59, 8 =8:0:85 <8;;80@4K 0<5@8:0=A:8E >4A2>@BA>2 =5 <>3CB ?@>:>@<8BL @07>@5==>3> 3535;52A:>3> ?>B><AB20. K, =0 ?@545;L=KE A:>@>ABOE A>2@5<5==>9 B5E=8:8, <G8<AO ?> 4>@>30<, CBK:0==K< D0;LH82K<8 A83=0;L=K<8 7=0:0<8. "8B> =07K20NB 45<>:@0B><. !B0;8=A:89 D5>4 =07K20NB @5A?C1;8:>9. <5@8:0=A:CN =O=NH:C 8 :>@<8;8FC =07K20NB 0:C;>9. K:C? 65;57=KE 4>@>3 2 :07=C =07K20NB A>F80;87<><, 8:>;0O B>@>3>  @50:F8>=5@><, 0 <-@ -BB;8  D0H8AB><. ">B0;8B0@=K9 AB@>9  ?;>4>< 2>AB>G=>9 ?A8E>;>388. 5<>:@0B8G5A:89  ?;>4>< 70?04=KE >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=. >AB@>9:0 :0@B>G=KE 4><8:>2 87 70254><> D0;LH82KE :0@B =07K205BAO  =0C:>9 ,  >1I5AB25==>9 =0C:>9. @>5:B8@>20=85 2>74CH=KE 70<:>2  87 B5E 65 D0;LH82KE :0@B  =07K20;>AL =0CG=K< A>F80;87<><... ...0<:8 2A5-B0:8 1K;8 ?>AB@>5=K. >B 2 =8E-B> <K A59G0A 8 A848<: G5B25@BL DC=B0 E;510 CB@>< 8 G5B25@BL DC=B0 E;510 25G5@><. OBL H03>2 2?5@54 8 ?OBL H03>2 =0704. 0 >:=0E @5H5B:8, 70?8@0NI85 2KE>4K 87 70<:0, 70 >:=0<8  I8BK F5=7C@, 703>@06820NI8E A25B >689. >420;L=K5 MB068 70=OBK 70AB5=:0<8. 45-B> =0 25@H8=0E 10H5= A84OB 35=88, ?;0=8@CNI85 E;51, A25B 8 @0AAB@5;K. 1I89 >17>@ 5 B0: 402=>  ;5B 5I5 A>@>: B><C =0704, 4> ?>154K =0CG=>3> A>F80;87<0 =04 B@C4OI59AO 2@>?>9, >1I5AB25==K5 =0C:8 2>>1I5, 0 D8;>A>D8O 2 G0AB=>AB8  >1JOA=O;8 =0< ?@>H;>5 8 >15I0;8 =0< 1C4CI55. 1JOA=5=8O ?@>H;>3> <>3;8 =0< =@028BLAO 8 <>3;8 =0< =5 =@028BLAO, => A?>@8BL A =8<8 1K;> B@C4=>. 064K9 ?@54AB028B5;L 8AB>@88 8 D8;>A>D88, D8;>A>D88 8AB>@88 8 8AB>@88 D8;>A>D88 <>3, 2 ACI=>AB8, 40BL ;N1>5>1JOA=5=85, 8 >?@>25@3=CBL 53> 1K;> B0:65 B@C4=>, :0: 8 ;N1>5 4@C3>5.  -:>=><8G5A:85 >B=>H5=8O 0@:A0 8;8  8@>2>9 4CE 535;O,  "8?K :C;LBC@K (?5=3;5@0 8;8  87=5==K9 @07153 5@3A>=0,   AB8E8O ,  7>=K ,  8<?5@80;87< , 8 4065 A;CG09=>ABL  2A5 H;> 4;O AB@>9:8 D8;>A>DA:8E A8AB5<, >1JOA=O2H8E =0< ?@>H;>5. 0: 2> 2A5< MB>< 1K;> @07>1@0BLAO? AO:89 G8B0B5;L 8<5; ?>;=CN, 8AB8==> 45<>:@0B8G5A:CN A2>1>4C: ?>25@8BL 2 B>, GB> 5<C =@028BAO, 8 >B1@>A8BL B>, GB> 5<C =5 =@028BAO. !59G0A <K ?>B5@O;8 8 MBC A2>1>4C. 0 >A=>25 >1JOA=5=89 ?@>H;>3> D8;>A>D8O 4020;0 =0< ?@54A:070=8O 1C4CI53>. -B> 1C4CI55 C65 =0AB0;>. => =0< <>65B =@028BLAO 8 <>65B =5 =@028BLAO, => >B1@>A8BL 53> <K =5 8<55< =8:0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8: >=> AB0;> =0H8< =0AB>OI8<, D0:B>< =0H59 A53>4=OH=59 687=8. K1>@0 C =0A =5B. >;25:0 B><C =0704 <K <>3;8 @KBLAO 2 :0@B>B5:0E =0CG=KE ?@54A:070=89 8 872;5:0BL A0<K5 A8<?0B8G=K5.  2>2A5 =5 A<>B@5BL =0 A0<K5 =5A8<?0B8G=K5. !59G0A MB> :>=G5=>. ! A>25@H5==> ?>B@OA0NI59 AB5?5=LN B>G=>AB8 @50;87>20;8AL ?@>@>G5AB20 ;N459, =081>;55 =5A8<?0B8G=KE: @50:F8>=5@>2. @>D0=>2. N459 A>25@H5==> =5>1@07>20==KE D8;>A>DA:8. N459, ?>3@O7H8E 2 ?>?>2A:8E AC525@8OE. 5B@>3@04>2 8 <@0:>15A>2, :0: 8E =07K20;8 C =0A, 2 >AA88, 2 ?5@2>9 AB@0=5, 2ABC?82H59 =0 ?CB8 =0CG=> =0<0;520==K5 2 @01>B0E @CAA:8E >1I5AB25==KE =0C:, 8 0=B8=0CG=> ?@54A:070==K5 2  5A0E >AB>52A:>3>. K, @CAA:85, ?@>H;8 ?>GB8 2A5 15A>2A:85 ?CB8. >GB8 2A5.  MB>9 :=835 O ?@82>6C F5;CN :>;;5:F8N =0CG=KE ?@54A:070=89. =8 4>:C<5=B0;L=> 15AA?>@=K. !53>4=OH=89 45=L 15AA?>@5= D0:B8G5A:8. 8:0:0O 1070@=0O 3040;:0 =5 8<5;0 2>7<>6=>AB8 40BL <5=LH89 ?@>F5=B C40G=KE ?@>@>G5AB2, 81> ?@><0E 1>;LH5, G5< =0 180 3@04CA>2, =52>7<>65= <0B5<0B8G5A:8  0 2AO AC<<0 >1I5AB25==KE =0C: ?>AB0@0;0AL ?@><0E=CBLAO 8<5==> =0 2A5 180 3@04CA>2. !53>4=OH=89 45=L 2@>?K 2>>1I5, 8 >AA88 2 G0AB=>AB8 8 2 >A>15==>AB8,  MB> 5ABL 45=L 25;8:>3> ?@>20;0, 157<5@=> EC4H53>, G5< MB> 1K;> 2> 2@5<5=0 3C==A:8E =0H5AB289,  81> 3C==A:85 =0H5AB28O ?@8H;8 872=5, 0 A53>4=OH=89 ?@>20; ?@8H5; 87=CB@8. 0 2@>?C =8:B> =5 =0?040;  >=0 =0?0;0 =0 A0<>5 A51O. 5 =8:B> =5 @07>@O;,  >=0 @07>@8;0 A0<>5 A51O. 5 =8:B> =5 @0AAB@5;820;,  >=0 @0AAB@5;8205B A0<>5 A51O. 8:B> 59 =5 =02O7K20; =8 3535;52A:>9, =8 :>=B>2A:>9, =8 <0@:A8ABA:>9 D8;>A>D88 8AB>@88  >=0 MB> ?@>8725;0 87 =54@ A2>8E. 8:B> =5 A060; =0 55 H5N =8 5=8=0, =8 !B0;8=0, =8 CAA>;8=8, =8 8B;5@0  >=0 2A5E 8E ?>A048;0 A0<0. !>2@5<5==><C ?>;>65=8N 2@>?K <>6=> A>GC2AB2>20BL. >, A84O 345-=81C4L 2 5=BC::8, <>6=> 8 =5 A>GC2AB2>20BL: tu l a voulu, George Dandin. 4=0:>, 4065 8 A84O 2 5=BC::8, =8:0: =5;L7O AG8B0BL A51O 70AB@0E>20==K< >B ?>A;54AB289 52@>?59A:>9 D8;>A>D88. >;8B8G5A:89 87>;OF8>=87< <>65B 8 =5 1KBL 2?>;=5 CB>?8G5A:8<. 45>;>38G5A:89 87>;OF8>=87< CB>?8G5= 2?>;=5. ">B  AB@0H=K9 8 C<=K9 4CE @07@CH5=8O , > :>B>@>< 3>2>@8B >AB>52A:89 2 A2>59  535=45 > 5;8:>< =:2878B>@5 , 70?5@B 2 2@>?5, :0: 2 <038G5A:>9 1CBK;:5  8 >= @25BAO =0@C6C.  =5< =5B =8G53> <038G5A:>3>. -B> 5ABL A8;K >@30=87>20==KE ?>4>=:>2 2@>?K, :>B>@K5 70@20;8AL A;8H:>< 40;5:> 8 >BABC?;5=8O :>B>@K< =5B. < 2 C=8A>= 281@8@CNB 2>645;5=8O ?>4>=:>2 2A53> G5;>25G5AB20  8 MB8 ?>4>=:8 C65 8<5NB =5 B>;L:> A2>N D8;>A>DA:CN, => 8 A2>N >@30=870F8>==CN 8 A2>N 2>5==CN B>G:C >?>@K. 5=BC::89A:89 87>;OF8>=87< 5ABL CB>?8O. B 1>@L1K A  4CE>< 7;0 =5 C945B =8:B> 2 <8@5, 81> MB>B 4CE ?@5B5=4C5B =0 <8@>2>5 3>A?>4AB2> 8 ?>GB8 ?>;>28=C ?CB8 : MB>9 F5;8 C65 ?@>H5;: 5<C ?><>3 87>;OF8>=87< 52@>?59A:8E :5=BC::89F52, :>B>@K5 2 A2>5 2@5<O =045O;8AL =0 B>, GB> @CAA:89 :><<C=87< :0A05BAO B>;L:> >AA88, GB> MB>  G8AB> ;>:0;L=>5 O2;5=85, GB> 5A;8 :><<C=8AB8G5A:89 :@>:>48; 8 ?>?KB05BAO AJ5ABL, A:065<, B0;8N 8;8 $@0=F8N  B> B>;L:> 2 ?>A;54=NN >G5@54L. !59G0A MB>B :><<C=87< 702>52K205B 8 !!(. ><8AA8O ?> @0AA;54>20=8N 0=B80<5@8:0=A:>9 45OB5;L=>AB8  MB> B>;L:> 45BA:0O 83@0. "5@@8B>@88, =0 :>B>@KE B@5=8@CNB 8 :>=F5=B@8@CNB A2>8 A8;K AB>@>==8:8 4CE0 @07@CH5=8O, =0E>4OBAO 2=5 AD5@K 4>AB865=8O :0:8E 1K B> =8 1K;> :><8AA89. -B>, A >4=>9 AB>@>=K, B5  25@H8=K G5;>25G5A:>9 <KA;8 , :>B>@K5 =0E>4OBAO ?>4 >E@0=>9  B01C A2>1>4K <KA;8, 8, A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, B> ?>4?>;L5 8=4CAB@80;L=KE B@CI>1, :>B>@>5 AC<55B A:@KBLAO >B ;N1KE :><8AA89 8 >B ;N1KE ?>;8F89 <8@0. 1 >4=>< 87 >18B0B5;59 MB>3> ?>4?>;LO  5=@8 ?8A0;:  4>;;0@ 2 GC6>< :0@<0=5 :070;AO 5<C ;8G=K< >A:>@1;5=85< . !  25@H8= G5;>25G5A:>9 <KA;8 4>;;0@ 2 GC6>< :0@<0=5 :065BAO D8;>A>DA:8< >A:>@1;5=85<. 0 20H 4>;;0@, =0 20H :>BB546, =0 20HC A2>1>4C, =0 20HC A5<LN =0F5;820NBAO >4=>2@5<5==>: 8 25@H8=K G5;>25G5A:>9 <KA;8 8 ?>4>=:8 G5;>25G5A:>9 18>;>388. B MB>3> 20A =8:0:85 :><8AA88 =5 87>;8@CNB... :>;> 45AOB8 ;5B B><C =0704 ?>GB8 =0 2A5E 52@>?59A:8E O7K:0E 8 =0 =5:>B>@KE =552@>?59A:8E 1K;0 8740=0 <>O :=830:  >AA8O 2 >=F;035@5 . =0 @0AA:07K20;0 > B><, GB> A>25@H05BAO 2 F0@AB25 ?>15482H53> A>F80;87<0  2 @5A?C1;8:5 B>20@8I0 !B0;8=0. -B>9 :=835 ?>25@8;8 =5 2A5. 065 G0ABL @CAA:>9 M<83@0F88, 15602H0O >B ?>154K 5N 65 2A:>@<;5==>3> A>F80;87<0,  =0H;0 2 MB>9 :=835 B>;L:> ?>;=>5 A>1@0=85 ?@5C25;8G5=89, :0@8:0BC@ 8 :;525BK. ! B5E ?>@ ?@>H;> >:>;> 45AOB:0 ;5B. @>3=>7K, A45;0==K5 2 MB>9 :=835, 8A?>;=8;8AL 2A5. 5AOB:8 ;N459 A B5E ?>@ ?>A5B82H8E !!! , ?@54;>68;8 <8@C A2>8 D0:B8G5A:85 A>>1I5=8O, =5 <5=55  ?@5C25;8G5==K5 , G5< <>8. !B> ?OBL45AOB BKAOG ?>;LA:8E 52@552, 2 A2>5 2@5<O M20:C8@>20==KE 87 >;LH8 2 !!!  8 >BBC40  G5@57 >;LHC 153CI8E, :C40 3;070 3;O4OB  ?5@540;8 G5@57 52@59A:CN 3075BC  Vorwaerts 2 LN->@:5 A2>8 ?5@56820=8O 2 ?>420;0E 2>74CH=>3> 70<:0, ?>AB@>5==>3> A>F80;87<><. <5@8:0=A:89 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:89 ?>A>; 2 >A:25 8 02AB@0;89A:89 A>F80;8AB8G5A:89 ?>A>; 2 B>9 65 >A:25 A>>1I8;8 <8@C > A2>8E ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>, A;C651=> A45;0==KE =01;N45=8OE. 5AOB:8 @5?>@B5@>2 ?8=:5@B>=>2A:8<8 A2>8<8 3;070<8 703;O4K20;8 70 :C;8AK 10=:5B>2 8 ?@>?030=4K 8 B>, GB> >=8 B0< >1=0@C68;8  1K;> 8 AB@0H=> 8 >B2@0B8B5;L=>. OBL <8;;8>=>2 @CAA:8E ?;5==KE 8 @01>G8E >B:070;8AL 25@=CBLAO =0 A2>N ?>154>=>A=CN @>48=C  8 1K;8 BC40 ?>A;0=K =0A8;LAB25==>. =>385 ?@54?>G;8 A0<>C189AB2> 2>72@0I5=8N 4><>9. !59G0A 2A5 MB> =0E>48BAO 2=5 2AO:>3> A><=5=8O. ">@@57 8 8:, 0;;0E5@ 8 ">;;80BB8 =5 <>3CB ?@87=0BL 2A53> MB>3> ?> G8AB> ?;0B=K< A>>1@065=8O<. 520O G0ABL @CAA:>9 M<83@0F88 >B@8F05B 2A5 MB> 15A?;0B=>. =0 @>48;0 @CAA:89 :><<C=87<.  :0: 1K =8 1K; C@>4;82 8 :@>202 55 A8D8;8B8G5A:89 8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:89 ?>B><>:  >= >AB05BAO 55 ?>B><:><. CAA:0O ;520O M<83@0F8O A59G0A =8:0:>9 @>;8 =5 83@05B, ?@020O, 2?@>G5<, B>65. > >=0 8<55B >3@><=>5  ?> =0AB>OI5<C =0CG=>5 7=0G5=85: 8<5==> ?> =59, ?> 4>@52>;NF8>==K< AB@>8B5;O< @52>;NF88,  <>6=> ;53G5 2A53> 87CG8BL B>B ?@>F5AA 18>;>38G5A:>3> 8 <>@0;L=>3> 2K@>645=8O, :>B>@K9, =0G8=0OAL >B D878>;>38G5A:>9 8<?>B5=F88, ?5@5E>48B 2 0B587<, 87 0B587<0 ?5@5E>48B 2 :><<C=87<, >B1@0AK205B >30, A;54C5B  4CEC @07@CH5=8O 8 @07@CH05B 2A5.  B>< G8A;5 8 A0<>3> A51O. 1>  4CE @07@CH5=8O 5ABL 2 B> 65 2@5<O 8 4CE A0<>C189AB20. > 2B>@>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=K @CAA:0O @52>;NF8O <>3;0 AG8B0BLAO ;>:0;L=K< O2;5=85<. A>15==>, 4;O ;N459, 701K2H8E 687=5==K9 C:;04 25;8:>9 D@0=FC7A:>9 @52>;NF88. !59G0A AB0;> OA=>: MB> 5ABL <8@>2>5 O2;5=85, =0E>4OI55 A2>9 @57>=0=A 25745, 345 5ABL D8;>A>D8O 8 345 5ABL ?>4>=:8,  0 :0:>9-B> ?@>F5=B D8;>A>D>2 8 ?>4>=:>2 8<55B 2AO:0O =0F8O 2 <8@5.  =8:B> =5 <>65B AG8B0BL A51O 8<<C==K<. !59G0A 2@>?0 @0745;5=0 =0 425 =5 A>2A5< @02=K5 ?>;>28=K: >4=0 6825B ?>4 2;0ABLN 4CE0 @07@CH5=8O, 4@C30O ?>4 53> C3@>7>9. CE @07@CH5=8O  MB> AB@0H=K9 8 MB> C<=K9 4CE  ?>A:>;L:C 1>@L10 A >3>< 2>>1I5 <>65B 1KBL C<=0. "0:>9 >@30=870F88, :0:>N MB>B 4CE >E20B8; 1>;LHCN G0ABL 2@>?K 8 AB>8B ?5@54 >E20B>< 55 >AB0;L=>9 G0AB8  <8@ 5I5 =5 2845;. CE 7=05B >G5=L B>G=>: GB> 8<5==> 8 :0: 8<5==> >= A>18@05BAO @07@CH8BL. 3> ?@>B82=8:8 B>;L:> >G5=L BCA:;> ?@54AB02;ONB A515 8 <5B>4K 1>@L1K 8 ?@8G8=K :><<C=8AB8G5A:8E 702>520=89. $0:B8G5A:0O AB>@>=0 B>B0;8B0@=>-0B58AB8G5A:8E @568<>2 A59G0A AB0;0 15AA?>@=>9  ?> :@09=59 <5@5 4;O ;N459, >1;040NI8E =>@<0;L=K< 70?0A>< A>25AB8 8 <>73>2. > ?@8G8==0O A2O7L A53>4=OH=53> ?>;>65=8O 2A59 2@>?K A ?@54H5AB2CNI8<8 4>AB865=8O<8 2A59 AC<<K 52@>?59A:>3> ?@>H;>3> >AB05BAO 2=5 2AO:>3> >1I5AB25==>3> 2=8<0=8O.  A2>59 ?5@2>9 :=835 O @0AA:070;: GB> ?>;CG8;>AL. "5?5@L, 1>;LH5 45AOB8 ;5B A?CABO, ?@>94O 35@<0=A:89 >?KB, O ?KB0NAL ?>:070BL:  MB> ?>;CG8;>AL. AB>@8G5A:89 E>4 A>1KB89 B@5E, 4> ?>@K 4> 2@5<5=8, ?>154>=>A=KE @52>;NF89  25;8:>9 D@0=FC7A:>9, 25;8:>9 @CAA:>9 8 25;8:>9 35@<0=A:>9, 845B ?>8AB8=5 ?>B@OA0NI5 ?0@0;;5;L=K< ?CB5<. 25 25;8:8E A>2@5<5==KE @52>;NF88 O ?5@568; A>1AB25==K< >?KB><  8 8AB>@8G5A:89 >?KB D@0=FC7A:>9 <=5, 25@>OB=>, ?>=OB=55, G5< :><C 1K B> =8 1K;>. >65B 1KBL, =5?@54C15645==><C G8B0B5;N C40ABAO ?>=OBL 8 B> >B2@0I5=85, :>B>@>5 O ?8B0N :> 2A5< B@5<.  A515 A0<>< >340 2K :><C 1K B> =8 1K;> =0G=5B5 3>2>@8BL > 20H5< >B2@0I5=88 : @52>;NF88, 2 C<5 20H53> A>15A54=8:0 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 =5?@>872>;L=> 2>7=8:05B >1@07  :>=B@@52>;NF8>=5@0 . AO =0H0 3C<0=8B0@=0O ;8B5@0BC@0 2A5340 >:@0H820;0 2AO:CN @52>;NF8N 2 0=35;LA:8 15;>A=56=K9 F25B 8 2AO:CN :>=B@@52>;NF8N 2 F25B0  G5@=>9 @50:F88 , :  @50:F88 2A5340 ?@8:;5820;AO M?8B5B  G5@=0O . ! <>59 B>G:8 7@5=8O, :0: O C65 3>2>@8;, 8 @50:F8O 8 @52>;NF8O 5ABL @5H8B5;L=> >4=> 8 B> 65.  C<5 20H53> ?@>A25I5==>3> A>15A54=8:0 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 02B><0B8G5A:8 2>7=8:05B >1@07 :0?8B0;8AB0 8 M:A?;C0B0B>@0, 0@8AB>:@0B0 8 ?@828;538@>20==>3> G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 ?KB05BAO 8459=> 70I8B8BL A>45@68<>5 A2>8E :0@<0=>2 8;8 2>>@C65==K< ?CB5< >B>1@0BL 53>, 5A;8 >=> CA?5;> 8AG57=CBL 2 AB8E88 @52>;NF88. 8:B>, :065BAO, 5I5 =5 ?KB0;AO =0?8A0BL 8AB>@8N D@0=FC7A:>9 @52>;NF88 A B>G:8 7@5=8O 8<5==> B@C4OI8EAO. -B0 8AB>@8O 1K;0 87;>65=0 ?> ?@58<CI5AB2C A B>G:8 7@5=8O ?8HCI8E ;N459, B>-5ABL A ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> =587156=K< ?@5>1;040=85< @><0=0 =04 C3>;>2=>9 E@>=8:>9. /, ?> A2>59 >A=>2=>9 ?@>D5AA88  @5?>@B5@.  :>340 O ?8A0; 2 @CAA:>9 4>@52>;NF8>==>9 ?5G0B8 C3>;>2=CN E@>=8:C ?5B5@1C@3A:8E AC4>2  O ?8A0; C3>;>2=CN E@>=8:C, 0 =5 45B5:B82=K9 @><0=. AO:89 65 ?8HCI89 G5;>25:, ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> ?>4K<0NI89AO =04 C@>2=5< @5?>@B5@0, AB0@05BAO >1;5GL 3@O7L C3>;>2I8=K 2 @><0=B8G5A:85 >4564K 15;;5B@8AB8:8. "0:, =0 =02>75 ?@5ABC?;5=8O 27@0I820NBAO >@E8458 2K<KA;0. @><5 B>3>, ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> ?8HCI85 ;N48 A:;>==K 3>2>@8BL =5  O , 0  <K  CB25@640O, B0:8< ?CB5<, =5:CN 157;8G=>ABL, >1J5:B82=>ABL, =0CG=>ABL A2>59 15;;5B@8AB8:8.  B0:>< AB8;5 3>2>@8;8 8 3>2>@OB <>=0@E8:  K, 8;>ABLN >6859 ... > C <>=0@E>2 MB> 8<55B :0:>9-B> A<KA;: >=8 3>2>@OB >B 8<5=8 157;8G=>9 B@048F88. 2B>@K 2A5340 3>2>@OB >B A>1AB25==>3> ;8F0. >6=> >B40BL >1>1I5AB2;5=8N A2>8 4>;;0@K, A2>8E 45B59 8 4065 A2>N 65=C, => 4> >1>1I5AB2;5=8O ;8G=>AB8 <K, :065BAO, 5I5 =5 4>H;8. >65B 1KBL  4>945<. -B0 :=830 5ABL :=830 ;8G=>3> >?KB0.  ;8G=>< >?KB5 ;8G=>ABL 02B>@0 83@05B, :>=5G=>, :0:CN-B> @>;L. >MB><C O ?@5645 2A53> E>B5; 1K 70@0=55 ?@54C?@548BL =5:>B>@K5 ;8G=K5 ?>4>7@5=8O ?> <>5<C 04@5AC. / =8:>340, =8 A :0:>9 AB>@>=K =8 : :0:8< ?@828;538@>20==K< :;0AA0< =5 ?@8=04;560; 8 =5 ?@8=04;56C: <>9 >B5F  :@5ABLO=8=. ?>A;54AB288, 2 3>4K <>53> 45BAB20 >= AB0; A5;LA:8< CG8B5;5<. I5 2?>A;54AB288, 2 3>4K <>59 7@5;>AB8,  ?@>28=F80;L=K< 6C@=0;8AB><. # <5=O =8:>340 =5 1K;> =8:0:>3> B5:CI53> AG5B0, =8:0:>9 =542868<>9 A>1AB25==>AB8, 0 AC<<0 42868<>9 @54:> ?@52KH0;0 BC =>@<C, > :>B>@>9 1K;> A:070=>:  2A5 <>5 =>HC A A>1>9 . >5 A;C651=>5 ?>;>65=85 2 =0G0;5 @52>;NF88: @5?>@B5@. !>F80;L=>5  @O4>2>9 5:A3>;L<A:>3> ?>;:0. !@54=55 >1@07>20=85 O >4>;5; A0<>AB>OB5;L=>, B0: :0: @01>B0BL 4;O 70@01>B:0 ?@8H;>AL A 16-B8 ;5B. .@848G5A:89 D0:C;LB5B 5B5@1C@3A:>3> C=825@A8B5B0 O :>=G8; C65 ?>A;5 @52>;NF88.  <>59 ?>A;54CNI59 18>3@0D88 >G5=L 7=0G8B5;L=CN @>;L AK3@0; B>B D0:B, GB> 2 1914 3>4C, 2 A@02=8B5;L=> C7:>9 >1;0AB8 BO65;>9 0B;5B8:8, O 70=8<0; 2B>@>5 <5AB> 2 >AA88. !>25BA:>9 8 =5<5F:>9 B09=>9 ?>;8F859 O 1K; 0@5AB>20= 45AOBL @07, A>25BA:>9 ?>;8F859 B@8 @070 1K; ?@83>2>@5= : A<5@B=>9 :07=8,  =5 157 4>AB0B>G=KE : MB><C >A=>20=89, 8<5; >A=>20=8O >?0A0BLAO =5<5F:>9 28A5;8FK, 1560;  >B A>25BA:>3> 8 >B =0F8ABA:>3> @0O 2 >1I59 A;>6=>AB8 425=04F0BL @07 8 =0 <>N 687=L 70 3@0=8F59 1K;8 ?@>872545=K B@8 ?>:CH5=8O. 4=> 87 =8E  3 D52@0;O 1938 3>40, 2 !>D88, >:>=G8;>AL 3815;LN <>59 65=K 8 <>53> A5:@5B0@O: 2 :20@B8@C 1K;0 ?@8A;0=0 1><10. 0 @52>;NF8>==K5 B@84F0BL ;5B O ?5@5?@>1>20; ?@>D5AA88: :>>?5@0B>@0, 8=AB@C:B>@0 A?>@B0, ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>3> 3@C7G8:0, ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>3> @K10:0, F8@:>2>3> 0B;5B0, D>B>@5?>@B5@0, 20@8; <K;> 87 4>E;>3> A:>B0 8 ?8B0;AO <>@A:8<8 C;8B:0<8. 070 420-B@8 ?@>1>20; 70=8<0BLAO B0: =07K205<>9 A?5:C;OF859, => 87 MB>3> =8G53> =5 2KH;>. !845; 2 A>25BA:>< :>=F5=B@0F8>==>< ;035@5 8 ?>?0; 2 35@<0=A:CN AAK;:C. >;>40; <=>3> 8 A8;L=>. ?KB>< B@84F0B8 ;5B @52>;NF8>==>9 687=8 2 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>< !!!  8 2 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>< "@5BL5< 09E5 <>65B ?>E20AB0BLAO =5 2AO:89. A;8 1K <5=O A59G0A A?@>A8;8, GB> 5ABL A0<>3> E0@0:B5@=>3> 2> 2A5< MB>< >?KB5, O 1K >B25B8;: GC2AB2> C=865=8O. N48 ?8HCB > AB@0E5 8 ;N48 ?8HCB > 3>;>45. A5 MB> 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 25@=>. >, <>65B 1KBL, A0<>5 AB@0H=>5, GB> =5A5B A A>1>9  4CE @07@CH5=8O , MB> GC2AB2> =5?@5@K2=>3> 8 2A5>E20BK20NI53> C=865=8O. 'C2AB2> G5;>25G5A:>3> 4>AB>8=AB20 ?@8ACI5, <>65B 1KBL, =5 2A5< ;N4O< 75<=>3> H0@0. "5 ;N48, :>B>@K5 AB0=>2OBAO 28=B8:0<8 8 H5AB5@5=:0<8 2 <0H8=5 2A5>1I53> C=865=8O,  MB>3> GC2AB20, 25@>OB=>, ;8H5=K, 8=0G5 A2>59 ?@>D5AA88 >=8 1K 2K45@60BL =5 A<>3;8. "5 ;N48, :>B>@K5 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> 70=8<0;8AL C=8GB>65=85< 4@C38E  15770I8B=KE 8 15728==KE ;N459 2 !>;>2:0E 8;8 2 5;L75=5, 25@>OB=>, CAB@>5=K :0:-B> 8=0G5, G5< CAB@>5=K <K, 2A5 >AB0;L=K5: 8=0G5 >=8 1K A>H;8 A C<0. N48, :>=5G=>, ?@82K:0NB :> 2A5<C  8 : AB@0EC 8 : 3>;>4C, 8 : ?>B5@5 G5;>25G5A:>3> 4>AB>8=AB20. >, 4C<0N, GB> : ?>A;54=5<C ?@82K:=CBL B@C4=55 2A53>. >;>4 8A?KBK20;8 @07=K5 ;N48 8 2 @07=KE CA;>28OE. > 2@5<O A2>8E ?>;O@=KE M:A?548F89 $@8BL>D 0=A5= 3>;>40; A8;L=>,  => MB>B 3>;>4 =5 1K; C=878B5;L=K<. >;>40; =CB 0<AC=  8 MB>B 3>;>4 1K; C=878B5;L=K<. 'C2AB2> AB@0E0 8 3>;>40 <8;;8>=K ;N459 8A?KBK20;8 =0 2>9=5,  => 8 2 AB@0E5 8 2 3>;>45 =5 1K;> =8G53> C=878B5;L=>3>.  @52>;NF88 AG0AB;82> A>G5B05BAO 2A5: 8 AB@0E, 8 3>;>4, 8 C=865=85. =>340 ;N48 1K20NB 2A5-B0:8 AKBK, 8=>340 >=8 ?>;CG0NB ?5@54KH:C >B AB@0E0. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO C=865=8O,  B> >=> ?@>=87K205B A>1>N 2A5 @52>;NF8>==K5 4=8. K >1O70=K AB0BL 28=B8:>< 2 <0H8=5 @52>;NF88. K >1O70=K >B40BL 59: 8 20A A0<8E, 8 20HC 65=C, 8 20H8E 45B59. K >1O70=K >B40BL 59 20H B@C4 8 4065 20H M=BC7807<.  5A;8 M=BC7807<0 C 20A =5B  2K >1O70=K 53> 8=AF5=8@>20BL. K 3>;>405B5  8 20A 70AB02;ONB 45;0BL 284, GB> 2K AKBK. K 2 AB@0E5 70 687=L 20HC  8, GB> EC65, 70 687=L 20H59 65=K 8 20H8E 45B59,  8 20A 70AB02;ONB A;028BL AB@>9, >@30=87CNI89 3>;>4 8 AB@0E. 0A 3>=OB =0 2K1>@K, 8 2K >1O70=K ?>4=8<0BL 20HC @C:C 70 ;N459, >@30=87CNI8E 3>;>4, AB@0E 8 C=865=85. K 1>;LH5 =5 G5;>25:. K B>;L:> 1574CH=>5 8 15AA;>25A=>5 >@C485 2 @C:0E 0?>AB>;>2 4CE0 @07@CH5=8O. K <5=LH5, G5< 4><0H=55 682>B=>5, 81> 682>B=>5 AB>8B 45=53, 0 2K =5 AB>8B5 =8 :>?59:8. K B>;L:> C4>1@5=85.  8<5==> !B0;8= 8 8B;5@ E>BOB C4>1@8BL >3>@>4, =0 :>B>@>< 1C4CB ?>A5O=K A5<5=0 =>2>3> 3>;>40, AB@0E0 8 C=865=8O. > MB><C 2A5<C  2 ;8G=KE ?5@56820=8OE @52>;NF8>==>9 M?>E8 5ABL 25I8, > :>B>@KE ?8A0BL =5 E>G5BAO. > > :>B>@KE ?8A0BL 2A5-B0:8 =C6=> 2 A2>8E ?5@2KE :=830E O ?8A0; >G5=L > <=>3><.  B><, :0: ?@8E>48;>AL 8 2>@>20BL, 8 872>@0G820BLAO, 8 ;30BL  ?5G0B=> 8 =5?5G0B=>. A5 B5, :B> 682K< 2KA:>G8; 87 B>B0;8B0@=>3> @0O,  MB8< 70=8<0;8AL. A5. -B> 5ABL 01A>;NB=0O =587156=>ABL. > 8 >=0 =5 :>=G05BAO C B>B0;8B0@=>-@09A:8E 2@0B. >A;54AB28O 8 8B;5@0, 8 !B0;8=0  B>-5ABL 8 0@:A0, 8 535;O 5I5 4>;3> 1C4CB A28@5?AB2>20BL 2 2@>?5. ! A0<KE 15;>A=56=KE 25@H8= G5;>25G5A:>9 <KA;8 <K 2A5 A>25@H8;8 ?@5A;>2CBK9  ?@K6>: 87 F0@AB20 =5>1E>48<>AB8 2 F0@AB2> A2>1>4K  @07=K5 ?@K6:8 2 @07=K5 F0@AB20.  A >=-;0=0 D8;>A>D88 A830=C;8 2 ?><>9=CN O<C A53>4=OH=53> 4=O: 2> 2A552@>?59A:CN 8B5:0=B@>?8N... !>2A5< =5402=>, 2 <0@B5 1947  (A>@>: A54L<>3>!) 3>40 O >G5=L E>B5; 5ABL. 5 2 ?5@2K9 @07 8 =5 O >48=: B0:65 E>B5;8 5ABL <>9 AK=, 53> 65=0 8 <>9 2=C:.  5ABL 1K;> =5G53>: >G5@54=0O ?>AK;:0 >B =0A;54=8:>2 MBB8 C<?> =0<, =0A;54=8:0< 535;O, 345-B> 70AB@O;0 ?> 4>@>3>5. / H0B0;AO ?> ?5@5;5A:0< 8 @07<KH;O; > 2AOG5A:>9 ?8I5. A?><8=0; > B5E 8A?>;=5==KE G5@=>9 @50:F859 3>40E, :>340 <>6=> 1K;> 709B8 2 ;N1>9 :010: 8 70:070BL B0< O8G=8FC 8;8 GB>-;81> 8=>5 AB>;L 65 @50:F8>==>5. 5GBK 1K;8 2?>;=5 CB>?8G5A:8<8. (030E 2 AB0 >B <5=O O 24@C3 70<5B8; :0:>9-B> :>?>H0I89AO :;C1>:. >8 @5?>@B5@A:85 3;070 70<5B8;8 >3@><=CN E8I=CN ?B8FC, GB>-B> 4>540NICN, 0 <>8 DCB1>;L=K5 =>38 ?>=5A;8 <5=O : =59. -B> 1K;> GB>-B> 2@>45 <>@A:>3> >@;0, 8 4>540; >=  157 :0@B>G5:  :0:>3>-B> :@>;8:0. @5; 1K; >3@><5=. = @0A?@028; A2>8 A0<>;5B=K5 :@K;LO 8 2AB@5B8; <5=O C3@>60NI8< :;5:>B><. / A3@51 >A=>20B5;L=K9 AC:: 45;> H;> > struggle for life  > ?8I5. "0: <K AB>O;8 >10: ?8A0B5;L 8 ?B8F0. / A45;0; =5A:>;L:> H03>2 2?5@54. B8F0 5I5 2KH5 ?>4=O;0 A2>N >@;8=CN 3>;>2C. / A=O; ?0;LB>, >15@=C; 53> 2>:@C3 ;52>9 @C:8, :0: ?;0I B>@504>@0, 8 AB0; =0ABC?0BL. B8F0 70:;5:>B0;0 5I5 @07  ?>B><, 2848<>, ?@87=02 <>5 :C;LBC@=>5 ?@52>AE>4AB2>  27<0E=C;0 :@K;LO<8 8 C;5B5;0. 0 75<;5 >:070;8AL 704=85 =>38 :@>;8:0, >AB0;L=>5 ?B8F0 C65 CA?5;0 AJ5ABL. / MB8 >AB0B:8 ?>4=O;. K 8E A60@8;8 8 AJ5;8. C  G5< =5 8B5:0=B@>?8O? >72@0I0OAL A ?B8GL8<8 >1J54:0<8 4><>9, O 2A?><8=0; > ?@>3=>70E, ?@>@>G5AB20E 8 >15I0=8OE: >=B0 8 0=B0, 535;O 8 0@:A0, 8;N:>20 8 5@5=A:>3>, 5=8=0 8 !B0;8=0, 8B;5@0 8 5115;LA0. 865 O ?@82>6C :>5-:0:85 87 =8E.  ?B8GL8E >1J54:0E =8:B> =5 A:070; =8G53>: MB>3> =8 =0C:0, =8 =0CG=0O ?>;8B8:0 :0:-B> =5 ?@54CA<>B@5;8. >5-:B> 87 =5CG5=KE ;N459 2A5-B0:8 ?@542845;. > 4065 8 ?B8GL8 >1J54:8 A59G0A O2;ONBAO ?@074=8:>< =0 >1I5< D>=5 =0H59 687=8, =0CG=> >@30=87>20==>9 =0< 2A5< 2A59 AC<<>9 =0H8E A>F80;L=KE =0C:. AO MB0 AC<<0 A59G0A 70:0=G8205BAO (70:0=G8205BAO ;8?) 8AB8==> =51K20;K< 2 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20 A:0=40;><. A5 55 4803=>7K >:070;8AL >BA51OB8=>9, 2A5 55 ?@>3=>7K  ?@><0E><. A5 55 @5F5?BK  C3>;>2=K< ?@5ABC?;5=85<. AO MB0 AC<<0 A25@30;0 2A5 45AOBL 70?>25459.   :>340 70?>2548 1;03>?>;CG=> 1K;8 A25@3=CBK  B> 87-?>4 8E @0720;8= 02B><0B8G5A:8 2>7=8: 8B5:0=B@>?  =>A8B5;L 8458 ?5@2>740==>3>, 4>-A8=09A:>3> :><<C=87<0. =, :>=5G=>, 2>7=8: 8 2> <=5, :0: 2> 2AO:>< G5;>25:5, ?>AB02;5==>< 2 A>F80;L=K5 CA;>28O 8B5:0=B@>?88. K; <><5=B  > =5< O 3>2>@8; 2 A2>59 ?5@2>9 :=835, :>340 O 3>B>2 1K; =0 C189AB2> 87-70 DC=B0 :5@>A8=0, 0 O =5 4C<0N, GB>1K O 1K; 2@>645==> ?@5ABC?=K< M;5<5=B><. K;8 3>40, :>340 :064>5 ?@>87=5A5==>5 2 >1I5AB25 A;>2>  1K;> ;>6LN. / A>18@0; >:C@:8 =0 C;8F0E 8 B0A:0; 4@>20 87 GC6>3> ;5A0.  1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 2>?@>A H5; > 687=8 8 > A<5@B8 2 1C:20;L=>< A<KA;5 MB>3> A;>20. "0:, :0: >= 2 A2>5 2@5<O H5; 2 :0<5==>< 25:5. ! B>9 B>;L:> @07=8F59, GB> 2 :0<5==>< 25:5 ;N459 2A5-B0:8 =8:B> =5 70AB02;O; ;30BL. N48, :>B>@K5 G8B0;8 MBC :=83C 2 @C:>?8A8, 45;0;8 <=5 420 C?@5:0: 2 =5=028AB8 8 2 =0F8>=0;87<5. >2>@O ?> A>25AB8  =8 >4=>3> 87 MB8E C?@5:>2 O ?@8=OBL =5 <>3C. !0<> A>1>N @07C<55BAO, GB> >A>15==KE 2>AB>@3>2 =8 =0H5 =K=5H=55 ?>;>65=85, =8  summa scientiae , :>B>@0O : =5<C ?@825;0, C <5=O =5 2K7K205B. K;> 1K ?@5C25;8G5=85< CB25@640BL, GB> @0AAB@5;LI8:8 !>;>2:>2 8;8 5;L75=0 <=5 >A>15==> A8<?0B8G=K. >;>65=85 2 2@>?5 2>>1I5, 0 2 >AA88 2 >A>15==>AB8, A>25@H5==> >B2@0B8B5;L=>. ABL ;N48, A>7=0B5;L=> ?0@078B8@CNI85 =0 MB>< ?>;>65=88 25I59, 5ABL ;N48, ?>?02H85 2 =53> =5 ?> A2>59 28=5. > O =5 4C<0N, GB>1K =>2K9 ?@87K2 : =>2>9 =5=028AB8 <>3 1K 2=5AB8 CA?>:>5=85 2 =0F8>=0;878@>20==CN A>25ABL 8 2 >1>1I5AB2;5==K5 <>738 2@>?K.  G8A;5 ?@>G53>, 2@>?0 ?5@568205B A2>5>1@07=CN G5E0@4C: 2G5@0H=85 65@B2K A53>4=O AB0=>2OBAO ?0;0G0<8, 4;O B>3>, GB>1K 702B@0 AB0BL 65@B20<8,  MB> >1KG=0O AC4L10 2A5E @52>;NF89. 0 ?CBOE MB>9 G5E0@4K =8:0:>3> @07C<=>3> 2KE>40 =5 284=>. >402;ONI55 1>;LH8=AB2> ;N459, 2 =59 CG0AB2CNI8E, >:070;8AL 65@B20<8 C65 2 <><5=B A2>53> 2ABC?;5=8O 2 A>7=0B5;L=CN 27@>A;CN 687=L: >=8 1K;8 >1<0=CBK 8 ?>B>< >=8 ?>?0;8 2 :;5I8 =5 8<8 A>740==>3> 0??0@0B0 =0A8;8O. 5<5F:89 30-9>B 8 @CAA:89 :><A><>;5F 2>A?8B0=K >G5=L ?;>E>. > >=8 ;8G=> =5 28=>20BK =8 2 G5<. 8=>20BK ?@>H;K5 ?>:>;5=8O. -B8 ?@>H;K5 ?>:>;5=8O A51O A0<8E C65 ?>GB8 ?>;=>ABLN C=8GB>68;8. =8, A>2A5< ?> =B5@=0F8>=0;C,  4>18;8AL >A2>1>645=8O A2>5N A>1AB25==>9 @C:>9 ... >?@>A > =0F8>=0;87<5 =5A:>;L:> 1>;55 A;>65=. /, :>=5G=>, @CAA:89 =0F8>=0;8AB.  4065 1>;LH5 MB>3>: @CAA:89 <>=0@E8AB. 15 MB8 8458 =5;L7O @0AA<0B@820BL 2 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 ?;>A:>AB8, 8 ?>MB><C >10 MB8 B5@<8=0 B>;L:> A >G5=L 1>;LH8< B@C4>< <>3CB 1KBL ?5@52545=K =0 ;N1>9 O7K:, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 =0 >1KG=K9 @CAA:89. CAA:0O 4>@52>;NF8>==0O,  :>A<>?>;8B8G5A:0O 8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O ?@8<5=O;0 8E 2 8E 70?04=>-52@>?59A:>< A<KA;5, 459AB2CO ?> B><C 65 ?@8=F8?C, ?> :0:><C B>20@8I !B0;8= =07K205B A51O 45<>:@0B><. >4B0A>2:0 B5@<8=>2 AK3@0;0 >3@><=CN @>;L 2 8AB>@88 2A5E @52>;NF89, 0 2 @CAA:>9 2 >A>15==>AB8. CAA:89  F0@87< 8<55B >G5=L <0;> >1I53> A 52@>?59A:>9 <>=0@E859: 2 2@>?5 <>=0@E8O 1K;0 AB02;5==8F59 D5>40;L=KE 25@E>2, 2 >AA88  :@5ABLO=A:8E =87>2.  2@>?5 MB> 1K;0 >?>@0 :@C?=>3> 75<;52;045=8O, 0 2 >AA88  ?> D>@<C;8@>2:5 . !>;>2L520  48:B0BC@0 A>25AB8 . !59G0A >=0 70<5=5=0 48:B0BC@>9 15AA>25AB=>AB8. CAA:89 =0F8>=0;87< B0: 65 =5?5@52>48< =0 >1I5?@8=OBK9 ?>;8B8G5A:89 O7K:, :0: 8 @CAA:0O <>=0@E8O. CAA:89 =0F8>=0;87< 5ABL O2;5=85 =5 E>7O9AB25==>-?>;8B8G5A:>3>, 0 <>@0;L=>3> E0@0:B5@0. 1 MB>< ?8A0; $. >AB>52A:89. -B>9 65 B5<5  ?5@54 2B>@>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=>9 ?>A2OB8; F5;K9 B>< H259F0@A:89 ?@>D. (C10@B ( 2@>?0 8 4CH0 >AB>:0 ). CAA:89 =0F8>=0;87< 5ABL 70I8B0 8725AB=>3> :><?;5:A0, :>B>@K9 ?@>D. (C10@B D>@<C;8@C5B, :0:  >1J548=5=85 2> 8<O 4@C61K  2 ?@>B82>25A @8<A:><C  @0745;O9 8 2;0AB2C9 . "0:8< >1@07><, A53>4=OH=55 AB0;8=A:>5 >1J548=5=85 2> 8<O =0A8;8O 8 =5=028AB8 5ABL 25IL B0: 65 =5?@85<;8<0O 4;O @CAA:>3> =0F8>=0;87<0, :0: 8 38B;5@>2A:0O =>20O >@30=870F8O 2@>?K. !59G0A >AA8O AB>8B 2> 3;025 @52>;NF8>==>3> 42865=8O 2A53> <8@0. >A:20, :>B>@0O ?>;25:0 B><C =0704 AG8B0;0AL >BAB0;K< 70E>;CABL5<, 701@>H5==K< :C40-B> =0 3@0=8FC 2@>?K 8 788, A59G0A ?@5B5=4C5B =0 @>;L  AB>;8FK B@C4OI8EAO 2A53> <8@0 . CAA:0O  E>BO 8 :><<C=8AB8G5A:0O >@30=870F8O  >E20BK205B 25AL <8@ IC?0;LF0<8 A2>8E 1@0BA:8E ?0@B89 8 ?OBKE :>;>==.  BAB0;0O, 70E>;CAB=0O ?@>28=F80;L=0O >AA8O 8:>;0O B>@>3> ?CB5< :0:>9-B> AB@0==>9 B08=AB25==>9 8AB>@8G5A:>9 <CB0F88, :0:>3>-B> 8AB>@8G5A:>3> GC40, ?@>A:>G8;0 =0 <5AB>  A0<>9 ?5@54>2>9 AB@0=K 2A53> <8@0 . CAA:0O 8AB>@8O, :065BAO, A?5F80;878@>20;0AL =0 ?>AB02:5 2AOG5A:8E =5>6840==>AB59 55 1>;55 ?@>A25I5==K< 8 <5=55 ?@>A25I5==K< A>A54O<. ><<C=8AB8G5A:85 ?0@B88 52@>?59A:8E 8 2=552@>?59A:8E ?0@;0<5=B>2, F5;8:>< ?>4G8=5==K5 ?@8:070< 87 >A:2K 8 A;5?> 2K?>;=ONI85 MB8 ?@8:07K, 5ABL, :>=5G=>, =5>6840==>ABL, >4=0 87 =5>6840==>AB59. > =5>6840==>ABL  MB> B>;L:> ?A524>=8< =57=0=8O, 5A;8 1K <K 7=0;8, B> <K <>3;8 1K 8 >6840BL. 5>6840==>ABL I5 $. >AB>52A:89 3>@L:> 60;>20;AO =0 B>, GB> 8=>AB@0=FK =8:0: =5 <>3CB ?>=OBL >AA88 8 @CAA:>3> =0@>40. -B8 60;>1K <=5 :06CBAO =5A:>;L:> =082=K<8: GB> 65 B@51>20BL >B 8=>AB@0=F52, 5A;8 =8 >AA88, =8 @CAA:>3> =0@>40 =5 ?>=8<0;0 B0 @CAA:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O, :>B>@0O, 2 G0AB=>AB8, A;C68;0 548=AB25==K< 8AB>G=8:>< 8 4;O 2A59 8=>AB@0==>9 8=D>@<0F88? "0 @CAA:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O, :>B>@0O ?> 55 65 A>1AB25==><C B@048F8>==><C 2K@065=8N  >B>@20;0AL >B =0@>40 , AB0;0  15A?>G25==>9 , >:070;0AL ?> 4@C3CN AB>@>=C  ?@>?0AB8 <564C =0@>4>< 8 8=B5;;835=F859 . "0 8=B5;;835=F8O, :>B>@0O 25:0<8  A25@30;0 A0<>45@60285 F0@59 4;O B>3>, GB>1K >:070BLAO ;8F>< : ;8FC A  =5>6840==>ABLN B>20@8I0 !B0;8=0. -B0 :=830 =5 ?@5B5=4C5B =8 =0 :0:CN  =0CG=>ABL  ?>A;5 =0CG=>AB59 535;59 8 0@:A>2 B5@<8= =0CG=>ABL ?@8=8<05B O2=> A:0=40;L=K9 >BB5=>:. > =0 =5:>B>@CN 4>;N 74@02>3> A<KA;0 MB0 :=830 2A5-B0:8 ?@5B5=4C5B. ! B>G:8 7@5=8O ?@>AB>3> 74@02>3> A<KA;0, 2 8AB>@88 " 8  " +", =8:0:8E A;CG09=>AB59: 745AL 2A5 @0728205BAO ?> 70:>=C 1>;LH8E G8A5;.   =5>6840==>ABL ACI5AB2C5B B>;L:> 4;O ;N459, :>B>@K5 =5 >6840;8, 81> =5 7=0;8. "0:, @073@>< =0 2>AB>:5 1K; 4;O =5<F52 8AB8==>9 =5>6840==>ABLN  ?>B><C GB> 2>5==>3> ?@>H;>3> >AA88 >=8: 0) =5 7=0;8 8 1) =5 E>B5;8 7=0BL. ><<C=8AB8G5A:85 ?0@B88 8 ?OBK5 :>;>==K O28;8AL =5>6840==>ABLN 4;O ;N459, =5 7=02H8E ?>;8B8G5A:>3> ?@>H;>3> >AA88. 0209B5 8AE>48BL 87 B>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, GB> 2A5 B>, GB> A>25@H8;>AL 8 A>25@H05BAO 2 2@>?5 8 2 >AA88, =5 5ABL A;CG09=>ABL 8 =5 4>;6=> 1K;> 1K 1KBL =5>6840==>ABLN. 'B> 2A5 MB> 70:>=><5@=> 2K@>A;> 87 ?@>H;>3>  2AO B0 6CBL 8 2A5 B5 157>1@078O, :>B>@K5 B2>@OBAO 8 2 >AA88 8 2 2@>?5. !59G0A >AA8O AB0;0 AB@0=>9 A0<>9 :;0AA8G5A:>9 @52>;NF88 2> 2A59 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20. 5;8:0O D@0=FC7A:0O @52>;NF8O B5?5@L :065BAO B>;L:> 45BA:>9 83@>9. #3@>70 :><<C=87<0 =028A;0 =04> 2A5< <8@><  >B 5@;8=0 4> /2K 8 >B 0=:8=0 4> 5=A8;L20=88. >9=0 <564C :><<C=87<>< 8 2A5< >AB0;L=K< G5;>25G5AB2>< =587156=0 01A>;NB=>. >7<>6=>, GB> MB0 :=830 =5 CA?55B ?>O28BLAO =0 A25B 4> =0G0;0 MB>9 2>9=K.  MB>9 2>9=5 G5;>25G5AB2> <>65B =045;0BL B>G=> B0:8E 65 >H81>:, :0:85 =045;0;8 0?>;5>= 8 8B;5@, 8 >GCB8BLAO ;8F>< : ;8FC A >48=0:>2> =5?@8OB=K<8 =5>6840==>ABO<8. E ;CGH5 1K 871560BL. 1>, ?@8 <8@>2>9 ?>1545 :><<C=87<0  E>BO 1K 8 @CAA:>3>  2A5< ?>@O4>G=K< ;N4O< <8@0  E>BO 1K 8 @CAA:8<, =5 >AB0=5BAO =8G53>, :@><5 A0<>C189AB20. 5?>@O4>G=K5, 25@>OB=>, =094CB 2KE>4: 1C4CB F5;>20BL A;54K :>?KB 35=80;L=59H53> 8 ?>;CG0B 70 MB> ?05: ?5@2>9 :0B53>@88. 0: A59G0A 2G5@0H=85 =5<5F:85 ?0B@8>BK ?>;CG0NB 2 2>AB>G=>9 7>=5  AB0;8=A:85 ?0:5BK ,  4;O =5<5F:>3> ?0B@8>B87<0 MB> B>65, 25@>OB=>, O28;>AL  =5>6840==>ABLN . 0: 2848B5: @CAA:89 =0F8>=0;87<, 3>2>@OI89 > A0<>C189AB25 2 A;CG05 ?>154K, E>BO 8 :@0A=>9, => 2A5-B0:8 >AA88, =5 A>2A5< C:;04K205BAO 2 @0<:8 A>>B25BAB25==>3> 52@>?59A:>3> B5@<8=0. ;O B>3>, GB>1K E>BL :>5-:0: ?>=OBL @CAA:>5 =0AB>OI55, =C6=> E>BL :>5-:0: 7=0BL @CAA:>5 ?@>H;>5. K, @CAA:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O, MB>3> ?@>H;>3>  . 0A CG8;8 ?@>D5AA>@0. @>D5AA>@0 G0ABLN 2@0;8 A>7=0B5;L=>, G0ABLN 2@0;8 15AA>7=0B5;L=>. E >1I0O F5;L ?>2B>@O;0 B5=45=F8N ?5B@>2A:8E @5D>@< =0G0;0 18 25:0: 52@>?5870F8N >AA88. @8 5B@5 D8;>A>DA:>9 107>9 MB>9 52@>?5870F88 A;C68; 591=8F, ?@8 :0B5@8=5  >;LB5@, 2 =0G0;5 XIX 25:0  535;L, 2 A5@548=5  (5;;8=3, 2 :>=F5  0@:A. 1@07FK, :0: 2848B5, =5 1K;8 >A>15==> ?>AB>O==K<8. >;8B8G5A:8 65   52@>?5870F8O >7=0G0;0 @52>;NF8N. CAA:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O 2>>1I5, 0 ?@>D5AAC@0 2 G0AB=>AB8, @01>B0;0 =0 @52>;NF8N. ! 1K >=0 E>BL GB>-=81C4L ?>=8<0;0 8 2 >AA88 8 2 @52>;NF88  >=0 =0 @52>;NF8N @01>B0BL 1K =5 AB0;0. > >=0 =5 ?>=8<0;0 =8G53>: 55 A>7=0=85 1K;> =0?>;=5=> F8B0B0<8 =5<5F:>9 D8;>A>D88. 0: ?>:070;0 ?@0:B8:0 8AB>@88  =5<5F:0O D8;>A>D8O B>65 =5 ?>=8<0;0 =8G53>. "0: GB>, A;5?>9 25; 3;CE>3>, 8 >10 ?>?0;8 2 >4=C 8 BC 65 O<C, :>5-:0: 45:>@8@>20==CN  AB0;8=A:8<8 ?0:5B0<8 2 5@;8=5 8 >A:25 8 CARE ?0:5B0<8 2 N=E5=5. !84O 2 MB>9 O<5, >15 ?@>D5AAC@K ?@>4>;60NB 70=8<0BLAO 2A5 B5< 65: ?5@5652K20=85< F8B0B. 2@>?59A:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O 1>;L=0 :=86=>ABLN. / =5 ?@>?>254K20N =53@0<>B=>AB8. =838 =C6=K G5;>25G5A:>9 4CH5, => =5;L7O ?8B0BLAO B>;L:> :=830<8. '5;>25G5A:>9 :@>28 =C6=> 65;57>, => 87 MB>3> =5 A;54C5B, GB> =04> ?8B0BLAO 32>74O<8. K 2A5 1>;L=K :=86=K<8 ?@54AB02;5=8O<8 > <8@5,  ?@54AB02;5=8O<8, A>740==K<8 :=86=K<8 ;N4L<8.  MB><, :065BAO, >B40NB A515 >BG5B 2 !!(: <-@ "@C<5= ?>AK;05B =0 0;:0=K 8 2 ?@>G85 <5AB0 =5 ?@>D5AA>@>2 8 =5 D8;>A>D>2, 0 10=:8@>2 8 @5?>@B5@>2: B5 E>BL GB>-=81C4L C284OB. !0<0O B>;:>20O :=830 > >AA88, :0:0O 4> A53> 2@5<5=8 ?>?040;0AL <=5 =0 3;070, ?@8=04;568B <-@C C;;8BC. !0<K5 25@=K5 ?@>3=>7K 1C4CI53> 45;0;8 @5?>@B5@K, ?>;8F59A:85 8 45;>2K5 ;N48.  >AA88, :@><5 B>3>, 45;0;8 5I5 8 ?>MBK, B>-5ABL, ?>GB8 2A5, :@><5 ?@>D5AA>@>2 8 D8;>A>D>2. "5?5@L  MB> >G5284=> 4> ?>;=>9 15AA?>@=>AB8. > ?@54AB02;5=8O, A>740==K5 ?@>D5AA>@0<8 8 D8;>A>D0<8, 2J5;8AL 2 =0HC ?A8E8:C, :0: B0BC8@>2:0 2 :>6C 8;8, :0: @0: 2 ?5G5=L.  2A5, GB> 845B 2@07@57 A MB8<8 ?@54AB02;5=8O<8, 2K7K205B 15AA>7=0B5;L=K9 2=CB@5==89 ?@>B5AB. 065BAO 5@5ALN, @50:F859, ?@>?030=4>9 8;8 2@0=L5<. / 1>NAL, GB> =081>;55 @57:89 2=CB@5==89 ?@>B5AB 2K7>2CB <>8 CB25@645=8O > >AA88 8 >1 55 8AB>@88. 4=0:>  5A;8 >B1@>A8BL MB8 CB25@645=8O, B>340 ?@845BAO ?@87=0BL ?@8=F8? A;CG09=>AB8 2 8AB>@88: !B0;8=0, @>645==>3> ?CB5< =5?>@>G=>3> 70G0B8O.  ?OBK5 :>;>==K, A20;82H85AO A =510. >5-GB> > >AA88 / =0G=C A CAB0=>2;5=8O =5:>B>@KE M;5<5=B0@=KE D0:B>2, :>B>@K5 <>6=> ?@>25@8BL ?> ;N1><C E@>=>;>38G5A:><C A?@02>G=8:C. 1) >AA8O O2;O5BAO A0<K< AB0@K< 3>AC40@AB25==K< >1@07>20=85< 2 2@>?5. =0  C65, :0: 8<?5@8O, B>-5ABL, :0: >3@><=>5 8 <=>3>=0F8>=0;L=>5 3>AC40@AB2>, 2>7=8:;0 2 A5@548=5 452OB>3> 25:0. ! B5E ?>@  55 O7K:, A>7=0=85 8;8 4065 D@075>;>38O 87<5=8;8AL >G5=L <0;>. >;C;535=40@=K9 :=O7L ;53 2 =0G0;5 @CAA:>9 8AB>@88 A>18@0;AO  ?@832>748BL A2>9 I8B =0 2>@>B0E 870=B88. >A:>2A:85 25;8:85 :=O7LO 15-17 25:0 ?@5B5=4>20;8 =0 ?>;8B8G5A:>5 8 @5;838>7=>5 =0A;5485 >=AB0=B8=>?>;O. ;5:A0=4@ B>@>9 H5; 2>AAB0=02;820BL  :@5AB =0 !2. !>D88 . . 8;N:>2 2> 2@5<5==>< ?@028B5;LAB25 1917 3>40 B@51>20;  ?@>;82>2 4;O @CAA:>3> M:A?>@B0 . !59G0A B>20@8I >;>B>2 ?>2B>@O5B ?@>3@0<<C: ;530, 25;8:8E :=O759, ;5:A0=4@0 B>@>3> 8 . 8;N:>20. 0 >48==04F0BL 25:>2 87<5=8;>AL >G5=L <0;>. 2) >AA8O 8<55B A0<K9 1>;LH>9 ?>;8B8G5A:89 >?KB 2 <8@5.  =59 1K;8 @5A?C1;8:8: 0@8AB>:@0B8G5A:85, 1C@6C07=K5 8 ?@>AB> @071>9=K5.  =59 1K;8 <>=0@E88 2K1>@=K5, >3@0=8G5==K5, =05<=K5 8 4065 ?>GB8 =5>3@0=8G5==K5.  :>=FC 17 25:0 >A:>2A:0O CAL 8<5;0 42CE?0;0B=>5 ?@54AB028B5;LAB2>, AC4 ?@8AO6=KE, habeas corpus act 8 G@572KG09=> H8@>:>5 <5AB=>5 A0<>C?@02;5=85.  A5@548=5 XX 25:0 >=0 =5 8<5;0 87 2A53> MB>3>  =8G53>. 3) 0 B5@@8B>@88 >AA88 @07K3@K20;8AL 25;8G09H85 2>9=K <8@>2>9 8AB>@88 8 1K;8 @073@><;5=K 25;8G09H85 2>5==K5 <>3CI5AB20 8 2>AB>:0 8 70?040: <>=3>;LA:0O 8<?5@8O =0G0;0 MB>3> BKAOG5;5B8O, >;LH0 53> A5@548=K, H254K 0@;0 XII, $@0=F8O 0?>;5>=0 8 5@<0=8O 8B;5@0. 0@0;;5;L=> H5; @073@>< "C@F88 AC;B0=>2. CAA:0O 0@<8O (B>G=55 @CAA:85 2>>@C65==K5 A8;K) 7=020;0 8AB8==> A:0=40;L=K5 ?>@065=8O. >, 2 >1I5<, =0 ?@>BO65=88 >48==04F0B8 25:>2 >=0, :0: 1K;0, B0: 8 >AB0;0AL A8;L=59H59 0@<859 <8@0. 4) 0E>4OAL =0 A:2>7=O:5 <564C 2@>?>9 8 7859, >AA8O 1K;0 65@B2>9 15AG8A;5==KE =0H5AB289 8 A 2>AB>:0 8 A 70?040, 8=>340 8 >4=>2@5<5==>: A 2>AB>:0 8 A 70?040. 0H5AB285 =5<F52 2 XX 25:5 1K;> =8GCBL =5 ;CGH5 =0H5AB28O <>=3>;>2 2 =0G0;5 XIII-3>. 0 A5<L 25:>2 8 BCB 87<5=8;>AL >G5=L <0;>. 5 =0<=>3> ;CGH5 1K;8 =0H5AB28O D@0=FC7>2 8 ?>;O:>2. >=3>;LA:85 =01538 70:>=G8;8AL B>;L:> 2 :>=F5 XVIII 25:0. > MB>3> <><5=B0 >AA8O 5I5 ?;0B8;0 B0B0@A:>9 :@K<A:>9 >@45 @53C;O@=K9 =0;>3 4;O 2K:C?0 @CAA:8E ?;5==KE-@01>2. 5) >=3>;LA:85 >@4K 28A5;8 =04 >AA859 ?>GB8 BKAOGC ;5B. E 3;02=>9 2>5==>-?>;8B8G5A:>9 F5;LN 1K; 70E20B @01>2. "C@5F:0O 8<?5@8O, 2>5==>-?>;8B8G5A:0O =0A;54=8F0 <>=3>;LA:8E >@4, AB@>8;0 A2>N M:>=><8:C, 3;02=K< >1@07><, =0 B>@3>2;5 @010<8, :>B>@KE >@4K 70E20BK20;8 =0 2>AB>:5  5@<0=8O 8B;5@0 B>;L:> ?>2B>@8;0 2>5==>-E>7O9AB25==K5 ?@54?@8OB8O A@54=8E 25:>2. '8A;> @CAA:8E, C2545==KE, B0:8< >1@07><, 2 @01AB2> 2 B5G5=85 15-17 25:0, ?@81;878B5;L=> @02=> 2A5<C =0A5;5=8N AB@0=K 2 A5@548=5 MB>3> ?5@8>40  >:>;> ?OB8 <8;;8>=>2. CAA:8E @01>2 ?>:C?0;8 8 >;L15@ 8 @><25;L. 6) CAA:89 =0@>4 5ABL A0<K9 C?>@=K9 87 2A5E 2K682H8E =0@>4>2 <8@0.  1 MB>< ?8A0; 45;>2>9 G5;>25: <-@ C;;8B. @>D5AA>@0 8 D8;>A>DK ?8A0;8 >  <O3:>9 A;02O=A:>9 4CH5 . A5 1>;LH85 2>9=K >AA88 =>A8;8 E0@0:B5@ 8AB@518B5;L=KE 2>9=  Vernichtungskrieg 2K4C<0=0 =5 2 5@<0=88, 0 2 >AA88. 5;8:0O 0@<8O 2A59 2@>?K ?>4 2>48B5;LAB2><, 25@>OB=>, 459AB28B5;L=> 25;8:>3> ?>;:>2>4F0 0?>;5>=0, 1K;0 8AB@51;5=0 2AO: 87 H5AB8A>B BKAOG CH;> B>;L:> >:>;> 2>AL<8. >=3>;K 1K;8 8AB@51;5=K: 8E >AB0B:8 A>AB02;O;8 B>;L:> 1,7% =0A5;5=8O 8<?5@88 8:>;0O B>@>3>. >GB8 B> 65 ?5@568;0 8 0@<8O 8B;5@0. (254A:85 0@<88 1K;8 8AB@51;5=K ?>;=>ABLN. @<88 ?>;LA:>9 8=B5@25=F88 =0G0;0 A5<=04F0B>3> 25:0 4>E>48;8 4> #@0;0 8 87 8E A>AB020 4><>9 =5 25@=C;AO =8:B>. 7) CAA:89 =0@>4 ?@8 8:>;05 B>@>< 1K; A0<K< 154=K< =0@>4>< 2 2@>?5. "5?5@L >= AB0; A0<K< 154=K< =0@>4>< 2 <8@5. %>7O9AB25==0O =8I5B0 >AA88 =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O :  F0@87<C 8;8 :  45<>:@0B88 . 0: =8 : G5<C MB><C =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O 1>30BAB2> !!(. 45<>:@0B8G5A:0O 5@<0=8O 8;L35;L<0 B>@>3>  ?@8 55 140 G5;>25:0E =0 :2. :<. 1K;0 =5 154=55 8;8 =5 =0 <=>3> 154=55 45<>:@0B8G5A:8E !!( 1910 3>40. @><5 B>3>, 5@<0=8O 8;L35;L<0 B>@>3> 1K;0, :>=5G=>, :C;LBC@=55 !!(. >AA8O 1K;0 154=0 ?>B><C, GB> 55 2A5 2@5<O 63;8  8 A 2>AB>:0 8 A 70?040.  ?>B><C GB> 2A5  682K5 A8;K AB@0=K 1K;8 70=OBK ?> ?@58<CI5AB2C 2>?@>A>< D878G5A:>9 70I8BK >B @01>2;045;LG5A:8E 2>9= E0=>2, AC;B0=>2, :>@>;59, 8<?5@0B>@>2 8 2>6459,  :0: 2 45AOB>< 25:5, B0: 8 2 4204F0B><. 8) >4 AB@0H=K< 402;5=85< =5>1E>48<>AB8 2 >AA88 1K; >@30=8G5A:8 2K@01>B0= B5E=8G5A:8 A0<K9 A>25@H5==K9 3>AC40@AB25==K9 AB@>9. -B>B AB@>9 =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O :  :C;LBC@5 . $@0=F8O M?>E8 3-=0 ;N<0, @07C<55BAO, 3>@074>  :C;LBC@=55 8<0 M?>E8 A5=0B0. > B0: 65 A0<> A>1>9 @07C<55BAO, GB> :0: B5E=8G5A:>5 >@C485 C?@02;5=8O, 8<A:89 A5=0B AB>8B =587<5@8<> 2KH5 ?0;0BK 45?CB0B>2 2A5E G5BK@5E @5A?C1;8:, 4065 8 2<5AB5 27OBKE. 9) CAA:0O 3>AC40@AB25==>ABL, :0: 8 @CAA:89 =0F8>=0;87< 2A5340 =>A8;0 :>A<>?>;8B8G5A:89 E0@0:B5@. @C68=0 B>3> 65 ;530 2:;NG0;0 2 A51O 20@O3>2, A;02O=, B0B0@ 8 4065 52@552. <?5@0B>@A:8<8 <8=8AB@0<8 1K;8 ?>;O:8, =5<FK, B0B0@K, 0@<O=5 8 4065 3@5:8. CAA:85 48=0AB88 1K;8 20@O6A:8<8, A;02O=A:8<8 8 =5<5F:8<8. >@8A >4C=>2 1K; B0B0@8=><. ><<C=8AB8G5A:89 =B5@=0F8>=0; B0:8< >1@07>< 2 =5:>B>@>9 AB5?5=8 O2;O5BAO 70:>==K< =0A;54=8:><  8 ;530 8 <?5@0B>@>2. 10) >AA8O =8:>340 =5 1K;0  BN@L<>9 =0@>4>2 . 8 >48= =0@>4 2 >AA88 =5 ?>425@30;AO B0:><C >1@0I5=8N, :0:><C ?>425@30;0AL @;0=48O 2@5<5= @><25;O 8 2@5<5=8 ;04AB>=0. 0 >G5=L =5<=>38<8 8A:;NG5=8O<8  2A5 =0F8>=0;L=>AB8 AB@0=K 1K;8 A>25@H5==> @02=K ?5@54 70:>=><. $8=;O=48O >B <><5=B0 55 >B2>520=8O >B (25F88 8 4> 1917 3>40 >AB020;0AL 2 ACI=>AB8 @5A?C1;8:>9. 0;B89A:85 10@>=K >AB020;8AL 10;B89A:8<8 10@>=0<8. >;C48:>5 =0A5;5=85 >:@08= >E@0=O;>AL A0<K< 701>B;82K< >1@07><. 0 :02:07A:>9 =5DB8 45;0;8 A2>8 <8;;8>=0 =5 @CAA:85 :0?8B0;8ABK, 0 :02:07A:85 BC75<FK  80=>7>2K 8 0=B0H52K. A;8 1K 2A5 MB> 1K;> 8=0G5, B> >AA8O =5 2K45@60;0 1K =8 >4=>3> A5@L57=>3> C40@0 872=5. =0 ?>425@3;0AL 1K @0A?04C 87=CB@8,  GB> 59 8 ?@54A:07K20;0 35@<0=A:0O D8;>A>D8O, A:>=AB@C8@>202H0O B5>@8N  :>;>AA0 =0 3;8=O=KE =>30E 8;8 ?5@57@5;>3> 0?5;LA8=0, 3>B>2>3> @0A?0ABLAO =0 4>;L:8. "5>@8N 3;8=O=KE =>3 O ;8G=> 70AB0; 2 5@;8=5 1938 3>40. 0 MB>9 B5>@88 1K; ?>AB@>5= D8;>A>DA:8 2?>;=5 >1>A=>20==K9 2>AB>G=K9 ?>E>4 8B;5@0. @0:B8G5A:85 C@>:8 ?@54H5AB2CNI8E ?>E>4>2 =8G5<C =5 =0CG8;8: =8 D8;>A>D8N, =8 2>6459. !> 2A5E MB8E  =5 A>2A5< >1KG=KE B>G5: 7@5=8O, @CAA:0O @52>;NF8O ?@8=8<05B =5:>B>@CN 70:>=><5@=>ABL: A0<0O A>2@5<5==0O D8;>A>D8O 70?04=>9 2@>?K A:@5AB8;0AL A B5E=8G5A:8 A0<>9 A>25@H5==>9 B@048F859 C?@02;5=8O >AA88. >;57=8 >AA88 A:@5AB8;8AL A 1>;57=O<8 70?040. A=>2=>9 2=CB@5==59 1>;57=LN >AA88 1K;8 2A5340 38?5@B@>D8O 3>AC40@AB25==>9 2;0AB8, =0F8>=0;L=>9 48AF8?;8=K 8 2AO:8E 25I59 2 B0:>< @>45. =0 ?>=878;0 8=AB8=:B 1>@L1K 70 ;8G=CN A2>1>4C 2> 8<O 1>@L1K 70 3>AC40@AB25==>-=0F8>=0;L=CN: >=0 A>740;0 2>>@C65==>5 42>@O=A:>5 A>A;>285, :>B>@>5 ?@8 5B@5 5@2><  B>-5ABL ?>A;5 @073@><0 >A=>2=KE 2@03>2 >AA88  <>=3>;>2 8 >;LH8, 70E20B8;> 2;0ABL 2 A2>8 @C:8, ;8:2848@>20;> ?>GB8 =0 AB> ;5B <>=0@E8N  70<5=82 55 ?@87@0G=K< A0<>45@60285< A;CG09=KE 8<?5@0B@8F, =5 8<52H8E =8:0:>9 2;0AB8, CAB0=>28;> :@5?>AB=>5 ?@02>, @>48;> 15A?>G25==CN :=86=CN, D8;>A>DAB2CNICN 8=B5;;835=F8N, :>B>@0O 8 ?@825;0 : A?0@820=8N 8458 A>F80;87<0  G8AB> 52@>?59A:>9 8458  A G8AB> @CAA:>9 B@048F859 :>=F5=B@0F88 2A5E A8; 2 F5=B@5 3>AC40@AB25==>3> 0??0@0B0 AB@0=K. "@048F8O C?@02;5=8O AB0 H5ABLN45AOBLN =0@>40<8 >AA89A:>9 <?5@88  4>2>;L=> ?@>ABK< ?CB5< ?@825;0 : B5E=8:5 "@5BL53> =B5@=0F8>=0;0. "0: 87 ?@>B82C5AB5AB25==>3> 1@0:0 52@>?59A:>9 D8;>A>D88 A @CAA:>9 B@048F859 8 @>48;AO AB@0H=K9 8 :@>202K9 C1;N4>: .  2@>?5 @0728B85 ?>H;> =5A:>;L:> 8=K<8 ?CBO<8 8 87 =5A:>;L:> 8=KE 8AB>G=8:>2. !>F80;87<, :0: 8 BC15@:C;57, <>65B @>48BLAO: >B =574>@>2>9 =0A;54AB25==>AB8, >B =574>@>2KE CA;>289 687=8, >B ?;>E>3> ?8B0=8O. = <>65B 8<5BL @07;8G=K5 8=48284C0;L=K5 D>@<K: ;53>G=K9, :>AB=K9, ACAB02=>9, 3;07=>9 8 ?@>G55. > 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE 2 53> >A=>25 1C45B ;560BL 2A5 B0 65 :>E>2A:0O ?0;>G:0. !0<>5 B@038G5A:>5 2> 2A59 MB>9 8AB>@88 70:;NG05BAO, <>65B 1KBL, 2>B 2 G5<: ?0@0;;5;L=> A =0@0AB0=85< A>F80;87<0 2 >AA88  =0@0AB0;8 8 ?@54C?@5645=8O ?@>B82 =53>. 0H8 A0<K5 :@C?=K5 ?>MBK, :0: CH:8=, 5@<>=B>2, >;>H8= 8 ;>:, =0H8 A0<K5 :@C?=K5 CGQ=K5, :0: 5=45;552 8 02;>2, =0H8 A0<K5 :@C?=K5 <KA;8B5;8, :0: . !>;>2L52, 5@F5= 8 >70=>2, 45;0;8 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 B> 65 A0<>5, GB> 45;0;> @CAA:>5 >E@0==>5 >B45;5=85: ?KB0;8AL >AB0=>28BL 3040@8=A:>5 AB04> @CAA:>9 8=B5;;835=F88 >B C189AB20 8 >B A0<>C189AB20. @>@>G5AB20 2A5E MB8E ;N459 ?>@078B5;L=K ?> A2>59 B>G=>AB8  =865 O 8E ?@82>6C ?>GB8 2A5. =0G8B  1K;8 ;N48, :>B>@K5 2845;8. / ?@82>6C 8 ?@>@>G5AB20 @CAA:>9 ?@>D5AAC@K (0 B0:65 8 =5<5F:>9 8 D@0=FC7A:>9). 04 MB8<8 ?@>D5AA>@A:8<8 ?@>@>G5AB20<8, 7@8<> 8 >ICB8<> 28B05B 25;8:89 4CE :@5B8=87<0. -B> A59G0A >G5284=> 4> ?>;=>9 15AA?>@=>AB8. 0: >G5284=K: 8 =K=5H=55 ?>;>65=85 2@>?K 8 ?@54H5AB2CNI85 45O=8O 55 A53>4=OH=8E 2;0AB8B5;59 8 2;04K:,  8 8=B5;;5:BC0;L=KE 8 >3=5AB@5;L=KE. @>@>G5AB20 @50:F88 0 ?CBL ?>A;54>20B5;L=>3>,  =0CG=>3> A>F80;87<0 >AA8O 2ABC?8;0 ?5@2>9 2 8AB>@88 <8@0. "0 @CAA:0O 8=B5;;835=F8O, >AB0B:8 8 =0A;54=8:8 :>B>@>9 2 A2>5< 1>;LH8=AB25 A59G0A =0E>4OBAO 2 M<83@0F88, ?> ?>=OB=K< ?@8G8=0< =5 <>65B A>7=0BLAO 2 B><, GB> MBC A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN @52>;NF8N ?>43>B>28;0 8<5==> >=0. 'B> 2A5, GB> A53>4=O ?@0:B8G5A:8 ?@>2>48B B>20@8I !B0;8=, 1K;> 70@0=55 A?;0=8@>20=> 2;0AB8B5;O<8 4C< @CAA:>9 8=B5;;835=F88,  8 548=0O ?0@B8O, 8 548=K9 2>64L, 8 :>;;5:B82870F8O 45@52=8, 8 48:B0BC@0 B09=>9 ?>;8F88. > :>340 <K ?5@5E>48< : 2>?@>AC > @CAA:>9 8=B5;;835=F88 8 55 28=5 2 B><, GB> =K=5 45;05BAO 2 >AA88 8  >AA88, <K A=>20 2ABC?05< 2 >1KG=CN 4;O 2A5E >1I5AB25==KE =0C: ?CB0=8FC B5@<8=>2. AB>@8O @CAA:>9 >1I5AB25==>9 <KA;8 45;8BAO =0 425  >G5=L =5@02=K5 G0AB8.  ?5@2>9 G0AB8 @01>B0;8 ;N48 ?5@2>3> A>@B0. E G8B0;8 2A5, => 8E =5 A;CH0; =8:B>. B>@>N G0ABLN 157@0745;L=> 70254>20;8 ;8B5@0B>@K 2B>@>3> A>@B0. E G8B0;8 <0;>, => 8< ?>28=>20;8AL 2A5. >AB>52A:89 8 ">;AB>9, CH:8= 8 ;>:, "C@35=52 8 5A:>2 1K;8, :>=5G=>, ;N4L<8 ?5@2>3> A>@B0. > ?>;8B8G5A:8 >=8 1K;8  8;8 AG8B0;8AL  @50:F8>=5@0<8. I5 2 1>;LH59 AB5?5=8 MB> 65 >B=>A8BAO : ?@54AB028B5;O< @CAA:>9 =0C:8.  5@8>48G5A:0O A8AB5<0 M;5<5=B>2 .5=45;5520 :>5-GB> 3>2>@8;0 8 C<C 8 A5@4FC :064>3> @CAA:>3> 8=B5;;835=B0. > ?>;8B8G5A:85 C15645=8O 5=45;5520 =5 8=B5@5A>20;8 =8:>3>: >=8 1K;8  @50:F8>==K<8 . ">G=> B0:65 =8:>3> =5 8=B5@5A>20;8 8 ?>;8B8G5A:85 C15645=8O . 02;>20. CAA:>5 8=B5;;835=BA:>5 AB04> 1K;> F5;8:>< 70E20G5=>  5A0<8 8 =8:0:85 ?@54C?@5645=8O 02B>@0 MB8E  5A>2 =5 ?><>30;8 =8G5<C. -B> AB04> B0: 8 ?>:>=G8;> A2>N 15740@=CN 8 157<>73;CN 687=L: 1@>A8;>AL 2 ><CB @52>;NF88. >  5AK ?>:0 GB> >AB0;8AL 682K. K, @CAA:85, 2ABC?8;8 ?5@2K<8 =0 8AB8==> 15A>2A:89 ?CBL. >65B 1KBL, <K ?5@2K<8 8 A>945<  >:>=G0B5;L=> 8 =02A5340. > :@09=59 <5@5, B5 87 =0A, :B> CF5;55B 4> MB>3> 2@5<5=8. >65B 1KBL  =0H :>=:@5B=K9, =03;O4=K9, 2>?8NI5 >G5284=K9 ?@8<5@, ?>A;C68B =5:>B>@K< ?@54C?@5645=85< 8 B5<  @52>;NF8>==K< 8=B5;;835=B0< , :>B>@K5  2 8=KE AB@0=0E >45@68<K B5<8 65 15A0<8 8 AB>OB ?5@54 B5< 65 ><CB><. ">340, <>65B 1KBL, 3815;L ?>GB8 A>B=8 <8;;8>=>2 ;N459 >AA88 8 55 A>A5459 =5 1C45B A>2A5< C6 15A?;>4=>9. >65B 1KBL, 8<5==> A59G0A G5;>25G5AB2> 2A?><=8B 8 > 4@C3>9 AB>@>=5 <540;8: A>F80;L=0O @52>;NF8O =07@520;0 8 3>B>28;0AL ?@5645 2A53> 2 >AA88. > 87 >AA88 65 ?@8H;8 8 ?5@2K5 AB@0H=K5 ?@>@>G5AB20 > 3@O4CI59 ?>1545 A>F80;87<0. >GB8 AB> ;5B B><C =0704 ;5:A0=4@ 5@F5= ?8A0;:  !>F80;87< @07>2L5BAO 2> 2A5E A2>8E D070E 4> :@09=8E ?>A;54AB289, 4> =5;5?>AB8. ">340 A=>20 2K@25BAO 87 B8B0=8G5A:>9 3@C48 @52>;NF8>==>3> <5=LH8=AB20 :@8: AB@040=8O 8 A=>20 =0G=5BAO A<5@B=0O 1>@L10, 2 :>B>@>9 A>F80;87< 709<5B <5AB> =K=5H=53> :>=A5@20B87<0 8 1C45B ?>15645= 3@O4CI59 =0< =58725AB=>9 @52>;NF859 . (!>1@. A>G. 5=520, B. 5, AB@. 121). :>;> ?>;C25:0 B><C =0704 ?8A0; $. >AB>52A:89:  09 2A5< MB8< A>2@5<5==K< 2KAH8< CG8B5;O< ?>;=CN 2>7<>6=>ABL @07@CH8BL AB0@>5 >1I5AB2> 8 ?>AB@>8BL =>2>5, B> 2K945B B0:>9 <@0:, B0:>9 E0>A, =5GB> 4> B>3> 3@C1>5, A;5?>5, 15AG5;>25G=>5, GB> 2A5 740=85 @CE=5B ?>4 ?@>:;OB8O<8 G5;>25G5AB20 ?@5645, G5< 1C45B 7025@H5=>... 07 >B25@3=C2 %@8AB0, C< G5;>25G5A:89 <>65B 4>9B8 4> C4828B5;L=KE @57C;LB0B>2 ( @0640=8=  =52=8: 8A0B5;O, 1873 3. =><. 50). >GB8 >4=>2@5<5==> A >AB>52A:8<  ;0:>=8G5A:8, => A 87C<8B5;L=>9 B>G=>ABLN  52 ">;AB>9 =0@8A>20; 8AB>@8G5A:CN AE5<C 1C4CI59 @52>;NF88:  ... : 2;0AB8 ?@84CB 1>;BC=K 042>:0BK 8 ?@>?82H85AO ?><5I8:8, 0 ?>A;5 =8E  0@0BK 8 >15A?L5@K . ( /A=>?>;O=A:85 0?8A:8 , AB@. 81). 0 A0<>< ?>@>35 @52>;NF88  2 1912 3>4C ?@54C?@5640; . >70=>2:   @52>;NF88 =5B 8 =5 1C45B =8:0:>9 @04>AB8. 8:>340 MB> F0@AB25==>5 GC2AB2> =5 ?>?045B 2 >1JOB8O MB>3> ;0:5O...  @52>;NF88 =8:>340 =5 1C45B A53>4=O, 81> 2AO:>5 702B@0 55 >1<0=5B 8 ?5@5945B 2 ?>A;5702B@0 ( ?02H85 ;8ABLO ). >GB8 70 AB> ;5B 4> @52>;NF88 =0G0;0 ?@>@>G5AB2>20BL 8 =0H0 ?>M78O.  :>=G8;0 ?@>@>G5AB2>20BL =0 A0<>< ?>@>35 1917 3>40. >GB8 AB> ;5B B><C =0704 . 5@<>=B>2 ?8A0;: 0AB0=5B 3>4, >AA88 G5@=K9 3>4. >340 F0@59 :>@>=0 C?045B...   =0 A0<>< ?>@>35 MB>3> ?045=8O  . ;>: ?@54C?@5640;: N48, 2K ;L =5 C7=05B5 >6859 45A=8FK: !381=5B G5B25@BL 20A >B 3;040, <>@0 8 <5G0... A5 MB> C65 A25@H8;>AL:  >AA88 G5@=K9 3>4  =0AB0;.  2;0AB8 ?@8H;8: 1>;BC=K 042>:0BK (5@5=A:89) 8 ?@>?82H85AO ?><5I8:8 (:=.L2>2, ?@54A540B5;L ?5@2>3> @52>;NF8>==>3> ?@028B5;LAB20)  8 70 =8<8  0@0BK 8 >15A?L5@K  5=8= 8 !B0;8=. !>F80;87<  @072820;AO 4> :@09=8E ?>A;54AB289 . >;CG8;>AL:  <@0:, E0>A, =5GB> 3@C1>5, A;5?>5, 15AG5;>25G=>5 . :>;> G5B25@B8 =0A5;5=8O AB@0=K, 459AB28B5;L=>, ?>381;>  >B B8D>2, 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=K, >B 3>;>40 :>;;5:B82870F88, >B <5G0 B5@@>@0.   =5B =8:0:>3>  A53>4=O  :0640O 702B@0H=OO ?OB8;5B:0 >1<0=K205B 8 ?5@5E>48B 2 ?>A;5702B@0H=NN. >: =0G0;0AL 8  A<5@B=0O 1>@L10 . 52>;NF8>==>5  ?@0240, =5 <5=LH8=AB2>, 0 1>;LH8=AB2>,  B8B0=8G5A:0O 3@C4L :>B>@>3> =04@K205BAO >B >B2@0I5=8O 8 @2>BK ?@8 8AB8==> 15AG5;>25G=KE A25@H5=8OE B>B0;8B0@=>3> A>F80;87<0, 2545B MBC  A<5@B=CN 1>@L1C C65 A 1917 3>40 8 C65 70?;0B8;> 2 MB>9 1>@L15 45AOB:0<8 <8;;8>=>2 687=59. > 8 MB> 1>;LH8=AB2> ?>:0 GB> 1@545B >IC?LN. => 5I5 =5 2 A>AB>O=88  >B@5H8BLAO >B AB0@>3> <8@0 8 701KBL B5 70?>2548 =0CG=>3> A>F80;87<0, :>B>@K5 >=> 2A>A0;> A <;5:>< 2A5E D8;>A>DA:8E A8AB5< 2@>?K. '5;>25: 5ABL B>, GB> >= 5ABL. '5;>25G5A:0O 687=L 5ABL :@0BG09H55 @0AAB>O=85 <564C >@30=0<8 E20B0=8O 8 >@30=0<8 2K45;5=8O  2>B <;5:> MB8E A8AB5<, A3CI5==>5 4> 42CE AB@>G5:. > =0 MB>< ?8B0=88 2K@0AB0;8 ?>:>;5=8O, ?@8=8<02H85 70 =0C:C B>, GB> 1K;> 157<5@=> EC65 2AO:>9 AE>;0AB8:8: G5@=CN <038N ?5G0B=KE 7=0G:>2 =0 15;>9 1C<035 ?>;=KE A>1@0=89 A>G8=5=89 5;8:8E @5F>2 5=028AB8 8 68.  A;8 1K >3 1K; >B5F 20H, B> 2K ;N18;8 1K <5=O. > 20H >B5F 4LO2>;, 8 2K E>B8B5 8A?>;=8BL ?>E>B8 >BF0 20H53>. = 1K; G5;>25:>C189F0 >B =0G0;0... >340 >= 3>2>@8B ;>6L  >= 3>2>@8B A2>5, 81> >= ;65F 8 >B5F ;68 (>0==, 8, 42-44). 5;8:85 6@5FK D8;>A>D88, ?>4G8=82H59 2@>?C, 1K;8 ;65F0<8, 8 >B5F 8E 1K; >BF>< ;68. AO AC<<0 A>2@5<5==KE  3C<0=8B0@=KE =0C: 2 B5G5=85 BKAOG ;5B 7202H8E =0A : =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=><C 1C4CI5<C <0B5@80;8AB8G5A:>3> CB>?87<0  1K;0 >A=>20=0 =0 ;68. !59G0A, :>340 >15I0=8O 2K?>;=5=K 8 CB>?88 @50;87>20=K, :>340 2AO 2@>?0 70E;51K205BAO 2 3>;>45, 3@O78 8 :@>28,  :>340 B0 2028;>=A:0O 10H=O 1571>6=>3> A>F80;87<0, :>B>@CN ?@54A:07K20; >AB>52A:89,  ?>GB8 4>AB@>8;0AL 8 C65 =0G8=05B @CH8BLAO  =0<, 2A5< =0<  >:0O==> B@C4=> ?@8<8@8BLAO A B5< D0:B><, GB> 2 >A=>2C D8;>A>D88 8 2 DC=40<5=B 10H=8  1K;0 70;>65=0 ;>6L. 0@; 0@:A 1K; ?> A2>5<C ?@02, :>340 >= A:070;:  D8;>A>D8O  MB> 4CH0 ?@>;5B0@80B0 .  4CH5 ?@>;5B0@80B0  40 8 =5 B>;L:> 53> >4=>3>, D8;>A>D8O 70<5=8;0 @5;838N, 8 535;8 70<5=8;8 >30. K 2A5 ?@O<> 8;8 :>A25==>, A>7=0B5;L=> 8;8 15AA>7=0B5;L=>, 2>A?8B0=K =0 535;OE. 0< 2A5< B@C4=> ?@8<8@8BLAO A B5< D0:B><, GB> ?5@54 2A5<8 =0<8 AB>8B 2K1>@: 8;8 D8;>A>D8O 8;8 @5;838O, A B5< D0:B><, GB> 2AO AC<<0 3C<0=8B0@=KE =0C: 5ABL 70254><> >@30=87>20==0O ;>6L 8 GB> A0<0O =0CG=0O :=830, :>340 1K B> =8 1K;> =0?8A0==0O > G5;>25G5A:>< 4CE5 8 > G5;>25G5A:>< >1I568B88  5ABL ?@>AB>  !2OI5==>5 8A0=85.  GB> @50:F8>==0 =5 81;8O  @50:F8>==0 @52>;NF8O. 'B>  >?8C< 4;O =0@>40 ?>AB02;O; =5 %@8AB>A  MB>B >?8C< ?>AB02;O;0 2AO D8;>A>D8O  =0G8=0O >B ;0B>=0 8 :>=G0O ?>:0 GB> 535;5< 8 0@:A><. 5AL C<AB25==K9 10306 254CI8E A;>52 A>2@5<5==>9 2@>?K A>AB>8B 87 D8;>A>D89. -B8< A;>O< B>@3>20BL 1>;LH5 =5G5<. >8 CB25@645=8O > ;68 D8;>A>D88 2 G0AB=>AB8 8 3C<0=8B0@=KE =0C: 2>>1I5  1C4CB 4;O MB8E A;>52 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> =5?@85<;8<K. ;O A@54=53> G5;>25:0, =045;5==>3> 74@02K< A<KA;><, => =045;5==>3> 8 @O4>< 2J52H8EAO 2 A>7=0=85 30;;NF8=0F89,  MB8 CB25@645=8O 1C4CB =5?@024>?>4>1=K. / ?KB0NAL 4>:070BL 8E 4>:C<5=B0;L=>. -B8 4>:070B5;LAB20  8;8 ?> :@09=59 <5@5 G0ABL 87 =8E, <=5 :06CBAO A>25@H5==> =5>A?>@8<K<8. > O >B40N A515 4>AB0B>G=> OA=K9 >BG5B 2 B><, GB> A>2@5<5==0O B5E=8:0 ?@>?030=4K >:>=G0B5;L=> C18;0 2AO:>5 4>25@85 :> 2AO:8< 4>:C<5=B0<, 4>:070B5;LAB20<, AAK;:0< 8 F8D@0<. !>2@5<5==0O B5E=8:0 ?C1;8F8AB8:8 @0728;0 B0:CN  5I5 =52840==CN ;>2:>ABL @C:, ?@8 :>B>@>9 >48=0:>2> 4>:C<5=B0;L=K< ?CB5< <>6=> 4>:070BL  8;8 ?> :@09=59 <5@5 4>:07K20BL  @5H8B5;L=> 2A5, GB> C3>4=>. 4=0:> 2AO 2@>?0 A59G0A =0E>48BAO 2 B0:>< ?>;>65=88, :0:>5 ;5B B@84F0BL B><C =0704 ?>:070;>AL 1K A>25@H5==> =5?@024>?>4>1=K< 2AO:><C G5;>25:C, >1;040NI5<C =>@<0;L=K< 74@02K< A<KA;>< 8 =>@<0;L=K<8 G5;>25G5A:8<8 8=AB8=:B0<8. 5?@024>?>4>15= B>B D0:B, GB> >AA8O  =5402=OO 68B=8F0 2@>?K  C65 B@84F0BL ;5B =5 2KE>48B 87 E@>=8G5A:>3> 3>;>40. 5?@024>?>4>15= B>B D0:B, GB> =0@>4 535;O 8 0=B0, 5B5 8 5BE>25=0 4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28 A@060;AO 70 ?>A;54=NN :><=0BC 2 Reichskanzlei 8 70 8450;K 5;L75=0 8 0E0C. 5?@024>?>4>15= B>B D0:B, GB> 2 2@>?5, ?>A;5 ?>;CB>@0 BKAOG ;5B A25@EG5;>25G5A:8E CA8;89 E@8AB80=AB20, =0 >G5@54L 4=O 1K; ?>AB02;5= 2>?@>A > D878G5A:>< C=8GB>65=88 F5;KE :;0AA>2 8 F5;KE @0A  MB>B 2>?@>A 8 A59G0A 5I5 =5 A=OB A ?>25AB:8 4=O. N48, :>340-B> ?@074=>202H85 1900 3>4,  ?5@5E>4 >B XIX 25:0 : XX, ?@8ACBAB2>202H85 ?@8 8A?>;=5=88 4@52=59 A:07:8 > 702>520=88 2>74CE0 8 ?>42>482H85 =5:>B>@K5 8B>38 15A?@8<5@=K< 2 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20 702>520=8O< XIX 25:0  GB> A:070;8 1K MB8 ;N48, 5A;8 1K 2 N18;59=KE A1>@=8:0E =0G0;0 XX 25:0 8< =0@8A>20;8 1K :0@B8=C 53> A5@548=K? 2@>?0, A84OI0O 2 3>;>45, 3@O78, 10@0:0E, @0720;8=0E,  2 :@>28, =5=028AB8, AB@0E5 8 >BG0O=88? >48=0 15;>9 @0AK 8 2A59 55 :C;LBC@K, @0A:>;>B0O B@5I8=0<8 8 :;0AA>2>9 8 =0F8>=0;L=>9 =5=028AB8. 0F8>=0;L=K5 2>9=K ?5@5?;5B0NBAO A 3@0640=A:8<8. 0A>2K9 B5@@>@  A :;0AA>2K< B5@@>@><. 4=8  ?@>;5B0@88 3@01OB 4@C38E  ?@>;5B0@852 . 4=8 =0@>4K ?KB0NBAO 8AB@518BL 4@C385 =0@>4K. 4=0 G0ABL 52@>?59F52 645B A?0A5=8O >B  8<?5@80;87<0 4>;;0@0 , 4@C30O >B 45<>:@0B88 .  =8:B> =5 25@8B =8 2> GB>, :@><5, :0: :CA>: E;510, :>B>@K9 =C6=> 4>1K20BL ?CB5< 3@01560, B> ;8 A?0A0BL >B 3@01560.  '5;>25: 5ABL B>, GB> >= 5ABL  MB0 0:A8><0 1K;0 =0?8A0=0 =0 7=0<5=0E @52>;NF8>==>9 2@>?K  8 : MB>9 0:A8><5 2@>?0 8 ?@8H;0: :@><5 :CA:0 E;510, 70 4CH>9 =5 >AB0;>AL @>2=K< AG5B>< =8G53>. 2@>?0 =0?>;=5=0 3>;>4><. -B> >G5=L ?;>E>, 8 >1 MB>< ?8HCB 8 3>2>@OB 2A5. > 2@>?0 5I5 1>;LH5 =0?>;=5=0 =5=028ABLN  > =5=028AB8 A59G0A, 2 A0E0@8==K5 4=8   =5 ?@8=OB> =8 ?8A0BL, =8 3>2>@8BL. 4=0:>: 1K;> 1K 3;C?> ?@54?>;030BL, GB> ?>;O:8 <>3CB 701KBL ?>42838 3535;52A:>9 5@<0=88 2 >;LH5 1939-44 3>4>2 8;8 GB> =5<FK ?>AB0@0NBAO =5 2A?><8=0BL ?>42838 <0@:A8ABA:>9 >;LH8 =0 2>AB>:5 5@<0=88 2 1944-47 3>40E. 'B> 4-@ (C<0E5@ 701C45B ?>42838 35=>AA5 8:0, 25=3@K  45<>:@0B870F8N ?>  2>AB>G=><C >1@07FC ,  :>@>;52A:85 A5@1K  35=. 8E09;>28G0, :@0A=K5 8A?0=FK  ?>42838 $@0=:> 8 15;K5 8A?0=FK  ?>42838 :@0A=KE, GB> <8;;8>=>2 4204F0BL 52@>?59A:8E ?@>;5B0@852,  A<5I5==KE A> A2>8E >G03>2, >3@01;5==KE 4> =8B:8, 2K40==KE  B> ;8 =0 ?@>872>; #  , B> ;8 =0 <8;>ABL   701C4CB 2A5 B>, GB> >=8 ?5@568;8 70 3>4K >:>=G0B5;L=KE B>@65AB2 3535;52A:>9 D8;>A>D88 2 55 @0A8ABA:>< 20@80=B5 8 B>9 65 D8;>A>D88 2 55 <0@:A8ABA:>< 20@80=B5.  N18;59=K9 1900 3>4 2A5 MB> ?>:070;>AL 1K A>25@H5==> =5?@024>?>4>1=>9 5@C=4>9. > 2A5 MB> AB0;> @50;L=>ABLN. 5?@024>?>4>1=0O @50;L=>ABL ?> =5>1E>48<>AB8 4>;6=0 8<5BL =5?@024>?>4>1=>5 >1JOA=5=85. >-2848<><C, A0<K< =5?@024>?>4>1=K< 87 2A5E >1JOA=5=89 1C45B @>645=85 A>F80;87<0 ?@>AB> =0 ?@>AB> 87 A5:AC0;L=>9 =5?>;=>F5==>AB8: 87 25G=>9 >184K A5:AC0;L=> CI5<;5==>3> homo sapiens, =5=0284OI53> >A?>40 >30 8<5==> 70 MBC >184C  => =5=0284OI53> 8 2A5 >AB0;L=>5 2 <8@5. !59G0A  A>F80;87< ?@54?>G8B05B =5 2A?><8=0BL > B5E 42CE BKAOG0E ;5B A2>59 ?@>?030=4K, :>340  >1>1I5AB2;5=85 65= 8 45B59 AB>O;> =0 ?5@2>< <5AB5 2A5E A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E ?@>3@0<<. 1>1I5AB2;5=8O 8 65=I8= 8 8<CI5AB20, ?> ?>=OB=K< A>>1@065=8O< 4>1820NBAO ?@5645 2A53> B5, C :>3> =5B =8 B>3>, =8 4@C3>3>  ?@>;5B0@88 :0@<0=0 8 A0=:N;>BBK ?>;0.  >=8, >B ;0B>=0 4> 8B;5@0, H;8 2 0B0:C: =5 B>;L:> ?@>B82 :0@<0=>2, => 8 ?@>B82 65=I8=. 5 B>;L:> 8 =5 AB>;L:> ?@>B82  G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8 , A:>;L:> ?@>B82 A5<L8. <?>B5=BK AB>O;8 C D8;>A>DA:8E 8AB>:>2 A>F80;87<0  8<?>B5=BK AB0;8 8 =0 25@E0E @52>;NF8>==>9 2;0AB8. 5;8:89 8 <=>3>;8:89 C@>4 >B@028; 2A5 8AB>G=8:8 G5;>25G5A:>3> 1KB8O  8 >A=>2C 2A53>  @5;838>7=K9 8=AB8=:B. 20=35;85 ;030, 5ABL ;N128, 70<5=5=> ?>;=K<8 A>1@0=8O<8 CG51=8:>2 =5=028AB8: @0A>2>9, :;0AA>2>9, =0F8>=0;L=>9, 3@C??>2>9 8 :0:>9 E>B8B5 5I5. $8;>A>D8O,  4CH0 ?@>;5B0@80B0 8 8459=0O >A=>20 2AO:>9 @52>;NF88, >1JO28;0 2>9=C 20=35;8N  1>;LH5 59 =8G53> 8 =5 >AB020;>AL. 2@>?0 ?@>40;0 4CHC A2>N 4CEC 1571>68O 8 2@>?5 1K;8 >15I0=K 2A5 1;030 <8@0. CAA:89 D>;L:;>@ 2 A0<KE @07=>>1@07=KE 20@80=B0E ?>2B>@O5B A:07:C > G5;>25:5, ?@>402H5< G5@BC 4CHC A2>N 70 70:>;4>20==K9 :;04. -B>B G5;>25: C18205B 1;86=8E A2>8E, 8E :@>2LN ?>4?8AK205B A>>B25BAB2CNI89 :>=B@0:B, ?>;CG05B :;04, ?@8=>A8B 53> 4><>9 8 B>, GB> :070;>AL 3@C40<8 7>;>B0  >:07K205BAO :CG59 G5@5?:>2  G5@B>2KE G5@5?:>2. 8 4CH8  =8 7>;>B0. 2@>?5 1K;8 >15I0=K  2A5 1;030 <8@0  2 >1<5= =0 55 4CHC. CH0 1K;0 ?@>40=0. !59G0A, 2@>?0, :0: >2, A848B =0 3=>8I5 8 G5@5?:0<8 >BA:@51K205B O72K A2>8. $8;>A>D8O <0B5@80;87<0 >?CAB>H8;0 4CH8 2A53> =K=5H=53> ?>:>;5=8O  => <0B5@80;L=0O :><?5=A0F8O 70 ?@>40==CN 4CHC 1K;0 2K40=0 G5@5?:0<8. 8 4CH  =8 :0;>@89. >GB8 425 BKAOG8 ;5B B><C =0704 =5:89  A59G0A >A=>20B5;L=> 701KBK9 2B>@  ?@54C?@5640; =0A:  15@538B5AL 2>;:>2 2 >25GL59 H:C@5  ?> 45;0< 8E C7=05B5 8E . K =5 ?>A;CH0;8AL. K >1JO28;8 01KB>3> 2B>@0 035=B>< :0?8B0;87<0, 70I8B=8:>< @50:F88, ?@>?030=48AB>< >?8C<0, AC525@8O, =52565AB20 8 G5?CE8. "5?5@L  2>;:8 ?@8H;8. ;O 2A5E =0A, 4;O 2A53> G5;>25G5AB20, 2>?@>A 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, C40ABAO ;8 =0< 25@=CBLAO : 01KB><C 2B>@C, 8;8 25AL <8@ ?>945B ?> AB>?0< 2@>?K. ! B>9 B>;L:> @07=8F59, GB> A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN 2@>?C ?>:0 GB> :>@<8B 8 A?0A05B >B >:>=G0B5;L=>3> 2708<>8AB@51;5=8O :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:0O, @50:F8>==0O, <>=>?>;8AB8G5A:0O, D8;>A>DA:8 =52565AB25==0O <5@8:0. > GB> 1C45B, 5A;8 8 <5@8:0 ?>945B ?> ?CBO< D8;>A>D88? B> B>340 ?>;>68B :CA>: E;510 2 ?@>BO=CBCN G5@57 >:50= @C:C AB@>8B5;59 =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=>3>, D8;>A>DA:8 >1>A=>20==>3>, =0CG=> =587156=>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> 1C4CI53>? B><8AB8G5A:0O D8;>A>D8O ?@074=C5B C =0A A2>N ?>154C: G5;>25G5AB2>  52@>?59A:>5 G5;>25G5AB2>, ?@52@0B8;>AL 2 0B><878@>20==K5 :CG8 =8:0:8<8 70?>254O<8 =5 A2O70==KE ;N459. 'B> 1C45B, 5A;8 8 <5@8:0 ?>945B ?> MB><C ?CB8? ">340 >AB0=5BAO >4=>  => B>;L:> >4=> CB5H5=85: AB@>8B5;8 =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=>3> 1C4CI53> AJ54OB A0<8E A51O. =8 2K@56CB 4@C3 4@C30 4> ?>A;54=53>. C4CI8< 1>3>A;>20< >=8 404CB =54>AB0NI55 4>:070B5;LAB2> 1KB8O >68O: 687=L 157 >30 >:07K205BAO =52>7<>6=>9. -B> 1C45B 25;8:>5 CB5H5=85,  4;O B5E, :B> 4> =53> 4>6825B... >;:8, H:C@K 8 D0:BK 8@ =C6405BAO 2 <8@>2>< ?@028B5;LAB25. > 5I5 1>;LH5  <8@ =C6405BAO 2 <8@>2>9 >@30=870F88 2A5>1I53> >157274>@820=8O. 1>, 5A;8 B>B 274>@, :>B>@K< ?8B0;0AL 8 ?@>?8B0;0AL 2@>?0 ?>A;54=59 M?>E8, =5 1C45B A<KB  =5 ?><>65B  =8:0:>5 <8@>2>5 ?@028B5;LAB2>. ABL >48= 8 B>;L:> >48= A?>A>1 ;8:2840F88 MB>3> 274>@0: ?>1540 @5?>@B060 =04 D8;>A>D859, @50;L=>AB8 =04 AE>;0AB8:>9, B>-5ABL D0:B>2 =04 2K<KA;0<8. A;8 <K >B1@>A8< 2 AB>@>=C 2AO:CN D8;>A>D8N  @52>;NF8>==CN 8;8 @50:F8>==CN  MB> 157@07;8G=>, 2AO:CN AE>;0AB8:C  1>3>A;>2A:CN 8;8 D8;>A>DA:CN  MB> B>65 157@07;8G=>, 2AO:85 2K<KA;K  =57028A8<> >B B>3>, ?@8OB=K >=8 8;8 =5?@8OB=K, B> >1I0O ;8=8O >1I5AB25==>3> @0728B8O 2@>?K ?>A;54=8E AB0 ;5B AB0=5B A>25@H5==> >G5284=>9 8 A>25@H5==> 15AA?>@=>9. -B0 ;8=8O ?@>BO38205BAO B0:. 7 CB>?8G5A:8E <5GB0=89 D8;>A>D>2, =0G8=0O >B ;0B>=0 8 :>=G0O 5;;0<8 8 0@:A><, 2K@>A  =0CG=K9 A>F80;87<  =0C:0 > B><, G53> 2 ?@8@>45  ACI5AB2C5B. ;8 ?> :@09=59 <5@5 =5 ACI5AB2>20;> 4> 1917 3>40. 7 =0CG=>3> A>F80;87<0 70@>640;8AL 53> ?@0:B8G5A:85 45OB5;8, 70A5402H85 70 AB>;0<8 <564C=0@>4=KE A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E :>=3@5AA>2 8 >15I02H85 =0<, <0;5=L:8< ;N4O< <8@0 A53>, :CGC 2AOG5A:8E 1;03: <8@, E;51, A2>1>4C 8 2AOG5A:85 >AB0;L=K5 ?@>872>4=K5 <8@0, E;510 8 A2>1>4K.  =0G0;5 452OB8A>BKE 3>4>2 1K;> B0:65 =5?@8;8G=> =5 1KBL A>F80;8AB><, :0: =K=G5 2 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 AB@0=5 ?>O28BLAO =0 48==5@-?0@B8 157 HB0=>2. > ?5@2>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=K 2> 2A5E AB@0=0E 2@>?K <54;5==>, => 25@=> H;8 : 2;0AB8 A>F80;8ABK. 065 2 ?0@;0<5=B5 &0@A:>9 >AA88 70A540;0 ?0@B8O A>F80;-45<>:@0B>2  1>;LH528:>2, 2?>A;54AB288 ?@8=O2H0O =0720=85 :><<C=8AB8G5A:>9.  5A;8 2;0ABL 2 F0@A:>9 >AA88 D0:B8G5A:8 5I5 ?@8=04;560;0 F0@A:><C @568<C, B> <>@0;L=0O 2;0ABL =04 >1@07>20==K< A;>5< AB@0=K 402=> ?5@5H;0 2 @C:8 A>F80;87<0. >A;5 ?5@2>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=K, 8A?>;L7>202 52@>?59A:CN :0B0AB@>DC 8 ?@>@202 ?>A;54=85 ?@>2>;>G=K5 703@0645=8O :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E 8 ?@>G8E AB0@KE @568<>2,  A>F80;8ABK : 2;0AB8 ?@8H;8.  :>=B8=5=B0;L=>9 2@>?5 =5 >AB0;>AL =8 >4=>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> ?@028B5;LAB20. 5@5G8A;8< ?> ?0;LF0<: 2 >AA88 : 2;0AB8 ?@8H5; ;048<8@ 5=8=  G;5= >AA89A:>9 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88 1>;LH528:>2; 2 >;LH5  >A8D 8;AC4A:89, G;5= ?>;LA:>9 @01>G59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88; 2 5=3@88  5;0 C=, G;5= 25=35@A:>9 @01>G59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88; 2 5@<0=88  @0=LH5 -15@, G;5= 35@<0=A:>9 A>F80;-45<>:@0B8G5A:>9 @01>G59 ?0@B88, 0 ?>B>< 4>;LD 8B;5@  G;5= 35@<0=A:>9 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 @01>G59 ?0@B88; 2 '5E88  /= 0A0@8: 8 -4C0@4 5=5H  G;5=K G5HA:>9 @01>G59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88; 2 B0;88  5=8B> CAA>;8=8, G;5= 8B0;LO=A:>9 @01>G59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88; 2> $@0=F88  5>= ;N< 8 ?@>G85  G;5=K D@0=FC7A:8E A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E ?0@B89; 2 5;L388  -<8;L 0=45@25;L45, G;5= 15;L389A:>9 @01>G59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88.  (25F88, >@25388, 0=88, A?0=88, $8=;O=488 8 ?@>G8E  A> 2AO:8<8 :>;510=8O<8 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 1>@L1K, ?@8H;8 2AO:85 8=K5, => B>65 A>F80;8AB8G5A:85 ?0@B88. 50:F8>==K5 @568<K: ><0=>2KE, >35=F>;;5@=>2, 01A1C@3>2, C@1>=>2, !02>9F52 1K;8 70<5=5=K A>F80;8AB8G5A:8<8 @568<0<8 5=8=0, 8B;5@0, 5;0-C=0, 80E8, CAA>;8=8 8 4@C38E. ><0=>2K 8 ?@>G85, A84O =0 A2>8E ?@5AB>;0E, =5 >15I0;8, A>1AB25==>, @>2=K< AG5B>< =8G53> 8 =8:0:>3> @0O =8345 =5 ?@>5:B8@>20;8. # =8E 1K;8 8 ?>;8F8O, 8 BN@L<K, 8 0@<88. =8 25;8 2>9=K. =8 70=8<0;8AL  8<?5@80;87<>< 8  =0F8>=0;87<>< . 8 =0 >4=>< 52@>?59A:>< ?@5AB>;5 =5 A845;> =8 >4=>3> 35=8O.  2@>?5 =5 3>;>40; =8:B>. 8:>3> 157 AC40 =5 @0AAB@5;820;8. >6=> 1K;> 5748BL >B C@<0=A:0 4> 81@0;B0@0 8 >1@0B=>. >6=> 1K;> A?0BL, =5 >?0A0OAL =>G=KE 2878B>2 B09=>9 ?>;8F88. >6=> 1K;> @01>B0BL, =5 1>OAL, GB> 702B@0 ?;>4K 20H8E @C: ?>425@3=CBAO B> ;8 4520;L20F88, B> ;8 =0F8>=0;870F88, B> ;8 ?@>AB> 3@0156C. K <>65< CB25@640BL, GB> ?@8 ><0=>2KE 8 ?@>G8E 2 2@>?5 2A5-B0:8 1K;> ?;>E>. > =8:0: =52>7<>6=> >B@8F0BL, GB> ?@8  ?@>;5B0@8OE 2A5E AB@0= 2 B>9 65 2@>?5 AB0;> 157<5@=> EC65. >340 MB8 ?@>;5B0@88 : 2;0AB8 H;8  >=8, 2 G8A;5 ?@>G53>, :;O;8AL 8 A>;840@=>ABLN 2A5E =0@>4>2. @84O : 2;0AB8, :064K9 A>F80;8AB 70O28;, GB> :064K9 4@C3>9 A>F80;8AB 5ABL: ?@540B5;L @01>G53> :;0AA0, A>F80;-A>3;0H0B5;L, 87<5==8: A>F80;87<C, :@>202K9 D0H8AB, :@>202K9 B>B0;8B0@8AB, 8 2>>1I5 A2>;>GL, :>B>@CN, ?> <5@5 2>7<>6=>AB8, =C6=> 70@570BL. 0AB>OI89 65 A>F80;8AB  MB> B>;L:>  / , 548=AB25==K9, =5?>4@0605<K9, 35=80;L=K9 8 35=80;L=59H89.  >AC40@AB2>  MB> O .  !>F80;87<  MB> B>65 O .  5B >30 :@><5 A>F80;87<0 8 !B0;8= (CAA>;8=8, 8B;5@, 5=5H, ;N< 8 ?@.) 548=AB25==K9 ?@>@>: 53> .  2@>?5 =0G0;0AL M?>E0 2A5>1I59 ?@>;5B0@A:>9 @57=8. C4CI85 ?@>D5AA>@0 C=825@A8B5B>2 8 CG5=8:8 A@54=8E CG51=KE 702545=89 B0:, 25@>OB=>, 8 =5 A<>3CB ?>=OBL: 87-70 G53>, A>1AB25==>, !B0;8= 70@570; "@>F:>3>, 8B;5@  5<0, CAA>;8=8  0BB5>BB8 8 =5A:>;L:> <8;;8>=>2 >4=8E A>F80;8AB>2  =5A:>;L:> <8;;8>=>2 4@C38E A>F80;8AB>2. 0: MB> 2A5 >=8, AB>;5B8O<8 ?@87K202H85 : 548=5=8N  =5 <>3;8 E>BO 1K A3>2>@8BLAO? 5 >G5=L OA=> MB> 4065 8 A59G0A, =04 A>2A5< 5I5 A2568<8 <>38;0<8 5@5B8:>2 8 5@5A80@E>2 A>F80;87<0, C4CH5==KE 2 1@0BA:8E >1JOB8OE ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0=. B> 2 2000 3>4C A<>65B C;>28BL ?@8=F8?80;L=K5 @07;8G8O 2 A@545  65;57=>9 320@488 5=8=0  :0:  ?>;=>3> 2708<>8AB@51;5=8O MB>9 320@488 55 =07K20;0 >D8F80;L=0O D@075>;>38O 1>;LH528:>2?  :B> 2 B>< 65 2000 3>4C A<>65B ?@>25AB8 3@0=L, >B45;ONICN 8AB8==K9 A>F80;87< >B =5 A>2A5< 8AB8==>3>?  @07=KE AB@0=0E 2@>?K : 2;0AB8 ?@8H;8 2A5-B0:8 @07=K5 ;N48. B45;OO  70?04=K9 A>F80;87< >B 53>  2>AB>G=>3> A>1@0B0, <>6=>, =0?@8<5@, A:070BL, GB> 70?04=K5 A>F80;8ABK ?@54?>G8B0;8 70?CA:0BL 2 10=:>2A:85 ?>@BD5;8 A2>8 =52>>@C65==K5 @C:8: AB0=>28;8AL <8=8AB@0<8 8 ?>;CG0;8 <74C. >AB>G=K5 ?@54?>G8B0;8 action direct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omo sapiens, =K=5 =0A5;ONI89 52@>?59A:85 B5@@8B>@88, 5A;8 8 4C<05B, B> B>;L:> C7:> ?@0:B8G5A:8: 345 4>AB0BL :CA>: E;510, 2O70=:C 4@>2 8 >:C@>: ?0?8@>AK. 0 8 MB> ?@8<8B82=>5 <KH;5=85 703;CH05BAO @52>< 2AOG5A:8E ?@>?030=4, 0 B0:65 A;CE0<8, 2=>AOI8<8 :>5-:0:CN  2 >1I5< 2A5-B0:8 74>@>2CN ?>?@02:C  2 MB8 ?@>?030=4K.  :0B0AB@>D8G5A:85 ?5@8>4K ;8G=>9 8 >1I5AB25==>9 687=8 459AB2CNB =5 ?@87K2K : @0AAC4:C, 459AB2C5B 2>?;L: B> ;8  C@0 , B> ;8  :0@0C; . 59AB2C5B ?A8E>;>38O ?0=8:8. 7 2A59 A;>6=>AB8 ?A8E8G5A:8E 8 2AO:8E 8=KE AB8<C;>2, A2>9AB25==KE G5;>25G5A:><C ACI5AB2C, >AB0;8AL ?>GB8 8A:;NG8B5;L=> E20B0B5;L=K5 8=AB8=:BK. @8G5<  =5:>B>@0O 0=5<8O <>73>2 ?@82>48B : B><C, GB> ;N48 E20B0NB 8 B>, GB> A;54>20;> 1K E20B0BL, 8 B>, G53> E20B0BL 2>2A5 =5 A;54>20;> 1K. >;LH0 E20B05B (B5BB8=, =5 4>6840OAL  <8@=>3> 4>3>2>@0 . !>25BK =0F5;820NBAO =0 !525@=CN D@8:C, .3>A;028O  =0 0@8=B8N, ">@@57  =0 C@A:89 10AA59=, 15;L389FK, 40BG0=5, 3>;;0=4FK  =0 :0:>5-B>  8A?@02;5=85 3@0=8F . 5<5F:89 <C68: 2>@C5B ?> =>G0< A>N7=>5 2>5==>5 8<CI5AB2>, >B :>B>@>3> =8:0:>3> B>;:C =5B, => 70 :>B>@>5 <>6=> C3>48BL 2 BN@L<C. 2@>?0 459AB2C5B ?> ?@028;0< 2>;L=>-0<5@8:0=A:>9 1>@L1K  catch as catch can  E20B09, GB> <>6=>, ?>B>< @0715@5<AO. 0718@0BLAO 1C45B >G5=L B@C4=>. > B><C 65 ?@8=F8?C   E20B09, GB> <>6=>  ;N48 CE20BK20NBAO 8 70 :0:85-B> B5>@88, 8458, B5@<8=K 8 A;>20. 5@>OB=>, =5 2?>;=5 >B4020O A515 >BG5B 2 B><, GB> 70 MBC  70E20B=8G5A:CN ?>;8B8:C  ?>B>< ?@845BAO :>5-G5< @0A?;0G820BLAO. A>15==K< @07C<>< 2@>?0 =5 1;8AB0;0 8 @0=LH5,  8=0G5 1K =K=5H=53> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> @0O >=0 =5 ?5@56820;0 1K. > A59G0A >1@0I5=85 A <KA;LN 8 A;>2>< ?@8>1@5;> B0:>9 E0@0:B5@, :0: 5A;8 1K ?8A0B5;8, ?C1;8F8ABK 8 >@0B>@K AG8B0;8 1K A2>8 0C48B>@88 A>AB>OI8<8 87 A?;>H=KE :@5B8=>2,  ;N459 157=0456=> 1>;L=KE =5 B>;L:> 0=5<859 <>73>2, => 8 0=5AB57859 ?0<OB8. 845@ 35@<0=A:8E A>F80;-45<>:@0B>2 4-@ (C<0E5@  2 @5G0E 8 AB0BLOE @0728205B B0:CN <KA;L: ?@54>AB028< >AB>:C A2>9AB25==K9 5<C B>B0;8B0@=K9 @568<. K 65, 52@>?59FK, ;N48 70?04=>9 :C;LBC@K, @>645=K 45<>:@0B0<8, 0 <K, =5<FK, ?5@54>2>9 >B@O4 70?04=>9 :C;LBC@K =0 >AB>:5  4>;6=K AB>OBL =0 AB@065  345-B> B> ;8 =0 -;L15, B> ;8 =0 45@5, B> ;8, <>65B 1KBL, =0 8A;5  4-@ (C<0E5@ ?@54?>G8B05B =5 2K4020BL 2>5==>9 B09=K AB@0B538G5A:>9 48A;>:0F88 A2>8E 8459. K;0 35@<0=A:0O  Wacht am Rhein , B5?5@L 1C45B GB>-B> 2@>45  Wacht am Weichsel . "0 65  :C;LBC@=0O <8AA8O =0 >AB>:5 , :>B>@>N >?5@8@>20;8 8 8;L35;L< 8 8B;5@, B>;L:> A@540:B8@>20==0O =0 ?>B@51C M?>E8 @073@><0, 15AA8;8O 8 C=865=8O. -B0 B5<0 20@L8@C5BAO =5 B>;L:> =0 35@<0=A:8E 2K3>=0E 8 ?0AB18I0E. A5O4=>5 42C=>3>5 ?5@5652K205B MBC B5<C 8 2 4@C38E AB@0=0E,   45<>:@0B8O ?> 70?04=><C >1@07FC 8 45<>:@0B8O  ?> 2>AB>G=><C: A;02O=AB2> 8 35@<0=>-@><0=A:89 <8@. >GB8 ?> . 8?;8=3C:  0?04 5ABL 0?04 8 >AB>: 5ABL >AB>: 8 =8:>340 8< 4@C3 A 4@C3>< =5 A>9B8AL . N48 A 0=5AB578@>20==K<8 <>730<8 3;>B0NB 2A5 MB> 4065 8 157 ?5@5652K20=8O: F5;K<8 3;K10<8. ">B0;8B0@=K9 @568<, 459AB28B5;L=>, ACI5AB2C5B 8 2 !!!   E>BO 2 1941 3>4C 53> B0: =5 =07K20;8 =8 =5<FK, =8 A>N7=8:8. = ACI5AB2>20; 8 =0 0?045: =5;L7O 65 AG8B0BL 5@<0=8N 2>AB>:><, B0;8N  7859, A?0=8N 8 >@BC30;8N 2K@078B5;L=8F0<8 8AB8==> A;02O=A:>3> <8@>2>77@5=8O. ">B0;8B0@=0O $@0=F8O >15A?L5@0 8 0?>;5>=0 AB>O;0 2 F5=B@5, 0 =8:0: =5 =0 3@0=8F0E B>340H=53> :C;LBC@=>3> <8@0.  !B0;8= 8 8B;5@ AB@>8;8 A2>8 @568<K =0 ?@8=F8?5  3>AC40@AB2>  MB> O ,  ?@8=F8? MB>B 1K; A@540:B8@>20= =8:0: =5 =0 >AB>:5. 0@:A8ABA:0O D8;>A>D8O, =K=5 157@0745;L=> A28@5?AB2CNI0O 2 >AA88, 1K;0 A>740=0 2 5@<0=88 8 =3;88. 5280D0= 3>AC40@AB25==>AB8, ?8B0NI89AO G5;>25G5A:>9 :@>2LN, 1K; >1=0@C65= 0=3;8G0=8=>< >11A><. >;8B8G5A:0O B5E=8:0 =K=5H=8E B>B0;8B0@=KE @568<>2 1K;0 @07@01>B0=0 8B0;LO=F5< 0::8025;;8. !0<>5 C<=>5, GB> ?> MB><C ?>2>4C <>6=> 1K;> 1K A:070BL  GB> 2A5E =0A 2> 3@5F5E @>48;8 <0B5@8 =0H8, 8 GB> 2A5 <K <070=K ?@81;878B5;L=> >4=8< <8@><.  1>;55< ?@81;878B5;L=> >4=8<8 8 B5<8 65 1>;57=O<8, 8 GB> >B B>B0;8B0@=>3> A8D8;8A0 =5 70AB@0E>20= =8:B>. A5 MB> =C6=> 1K AG8B0BL A>25@H5==59H59 >G5284=>ABLN: =8 !B0;8=, =8 8B;5@, =8 CAA>;8=8, =8 0?>;5>=  @5H8B5;L=> =8G53> >1I53> =5 8<5NB =8 A >AB>:><, =8 A 0?04><, =8 A B08=AB25==>9 A;02O=A:>9 4CH>9 3@C78=A:>3> ?@>8AE>645=8O, =8 A =>@<0=A:>9 4CH>9 02AB@89A:>3>, =8 A D@0=FC7A:>9 4CH>9 :>@A8:0=A:>3>.  2KA:07K20=8O 4-@0 (C<0E5@0 5ABL <MI>01A>;NB=K9 274>@<D>. > 5ABL 25I8 =5A:>;L:> <5=55 >G5284=K5. ">B0;8B0@=K9 @568< 2 >AA88 2>7=8: 2 1917 3>4C.  B0: :0: 2>A?><8=0=8O > >15A?L5@5 C65 8AG57;8 87 ?0<OB8 ?@>A25I5==>9 2@>?K, B> <>6=> A:070BL, GB> MB>B @568< 1K; =>2 8 GB> ;N48, :>B>@K5 53> AB@>8;8 8;8 ?><>30;8 53> AB@>8BL, 5I5 =5 7=0;8, G5< 8<5==> 2A5 MB> :>=G8BAO. ">B0;8B0@=K9 @568< 2 5@<0=88 2>7=8: =0 16 ;5B ?>765: @CAA:89 >?KB C65 1K; =0;8F>.  5=8= 8 8B;5@ ;8:2848@>20;8 =5  AB0@K5 @50:F8>==K5 @568<K ,  >10 >=8 ?@>;><0;8 G5@5?0 =>2>@>645==K< 45<>:@0B8O<  @CAA:>9 8 35@<0=A:>9. "0: 2>B: 2 70I8BC @CAA:>9 45<>:@0B88 <=>3> ;5B ?>4@O4 25;0AL 65AB>G09H0O 2 8AB>@88 AB@0=K 3@0640=A:0O 2>9=0.  70I8BC 35@<0=A:>9 45<>:@0B88 =5 ?>4=O;AO =8 >48= HBK: K;8 ;8 15;K5 @CAA:85 35=5@0;K  @50:F859 8;8 =5 1K;8  A59G0A >B25B8BL =0 MB> =5 ;53:>. > ?@>B82 5=8=0 2>AAB020;8 =5 B>;L:> 15;K5 35=5@0;K: 2>AAB0;8 :@>=HB04BA:85 <0B@>AK, O@>A;02A:85 8 C@0;LA:85 @01>G85, ?KB0;AO 2>AAB0BL 2A5@>AA89A:89 A>N7 65;57=>4>@>6=8:>2  8 ?> 2A5<C ?@>AB@0=AB2C >AA88  2 @07=>5 2@5<O 8 2 @07=KE <5AB0E  2>AAB020;> ?>GB8 2A5 @CAA:>5 :@5ABLO=AB2>. >;LH5 B@5E <8;;8>=>2 ;N459 1@>A8;8 A2>N @>48=C, 1560;8 2 M<83@0F8N, 345 A84OB 8 4> A8E ?>@: 2>B C65 B@84F0BL ;5B. "0: @CAA:89  2>AB> >B25B8; =0 =0A8;85 =04 45<>:@0B859.   :0: >B25B8; 35@<0=A:89 ? @8=FK :@>28, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 =0A;54=8: ?@5AB>;0, A>F80;-45<>:@0BK, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 35@@ 515, :><<C=8ABK, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 B5 87 =8E, :>B>@K5 87 @O4>2 :><?0@B88 ?5@5H;8 2 @O4K !! 8 B5?5@L 25@=C;8AL >1@0B=>  ?>GB8 2AO 5@<0=8O A:070;0 8B;5@C zum Befehl! AO 5@<0=8O 70I8I0;0 8B;5@0  4> ?>A;54=59 :0?;8 :@>28 2 ?>A;54=5< ?>420;5 09EA:0=F;59. @0A=0O 0@<8O AB0;0 70I8I0BL >AA8N  0, A;54>20B5;L=>, 8 !!! , 0 A;54>20B5;L=> 8 !B0;8=0, B>;L:> A B>3> <><5=B0, :>340 2KOA=8;8AL F5;8 5@<0=88. 5@<0=A:0O 0@<8O ?KB0;0AL 2>B:=CBL =>6 2 A?8=C 8B;5@0 B>;L:> 2 B>B <><5=B, :>340 2KOA=8;AO ?@>20; F5;59 5@<0=88. -@ (C<0E5@ =5 8<55B =8:0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8 =5 7=0BL 2A53> MB>3>. A;8 ?@54?>;030BL, GB> 4>:B>@A:89 G8= 4-@0 (C<0E5@0 =5 >:>=G0B5;L=> 0=5AB578@>20; 53> C<AB25==K5 A?>A>1=>AB8  B> <>6=> 1K;> 1K CB25@640BL, GB> 4-@ (C<0E5@ =5 8<55B =8:0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8 >B45;OBL B>B0;8B0@=K9 @568< >B 45<>:@0B8G5A:>3> 35>3@0D8G5A:8<8, =0F8>=0;L=K<8 8;8 @0A>2K<8 3@0=8F0<8. > >= MB> 45;05B. >GB8 B> 65 45;0; 8 8B;5@: =0 >AB>:5 6825B @0A0, ?@82K:H0O ;>1K70BL :=CB. !59G0A 2 5@;8=5 6825B @0A0, CAB0<8 8:0 8 @>B52>;O ;>1K70NI0O A5@? 8 <>;>B.  0@865  @0A0, @C:0<8 ">@@570 703@510NI0O <>A:>2A:85 G5:8. 'B> 5ABL 0?04 8 GB> 5ABL >AB>:?  :0:>N 3@0=8F59 <K <>65< >B45;8BL A>25@H5==> >G5284=K9 274>@ >B 274>@0, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =5 A>25@H5==> >G5284=>3>? !59G0A, :>340 35@<0=A:89 B>B0;8B0@=K9 @568<  2>?@5:8 8AB8==> 35@>8G5A:><C A>?@>B82;5=8N 2A59 =0F88,  @073@><;5= 872=5 CG0AB=8:8 8 =0A;54=8:8 MB>3> @568<0 45;0NB 45<>:@0B8G5A:85 ?>AB=K5 ;8F0 8 3>2>@OB: >=8 BCB =5 ?@8 G5<. E ?@8=C48;8. E 70AB028;8. A;8 1K >=8 =5 2ABC?8;8 2 ?0@B8N, B> >=8 1K;8 1K >1>945=K >G5@54=K< G8=>< :0:>3>-=81C4L @5?B8;8=-@0B0 8;8 4>:B>@0 1;C4>A;>28O. =8, MB8 ;N48, A>25@H5==> 8A:@5==8: 5A;8 1K >=8 =5 ?>H;8 2 ?0@B8N  8E G8=K, :0@<0=K, 35;LBC=3AB81 8 ?@>G55  :>=5G=> ?>AB@040;8 1K  :0: 65 <>6=> 1K;> ?>ABC?8BL 8=0G5? 0 A;02O=A:><  2>AB>:5 ;N48 :0:-B> CE8B@O;8AL ?>ABC?0BL 8=0G5. /, 20= !>;>=528G, A845; 2>A5<L @07 2 BN@L<5 A>25BA:>3> B>B0;8B0@=>3> @568<0 8 420 @070 2 BN@L<5 35@<0=A:>3>. >94O 2 :><?0@B8N O, 25@>OB=>, <>3 1K ?>;CG8BL G8= :0:>3>-=81C4L @5?B8;8=-?@5AA-H5D0  O =5 ?>H5;. 8;;8>=K 8 <8;;8>=K 4@C38E @CAA:8E  B>65 =5 ?>H;8. 5AOB:8 <8;;8>=>2 70?;0B8;8 =5 B>;L:> G8=>< 8;8 :0@<0=><, => 8 687=LN. 0:85 2K2>4K <>6=> A45;0BL >BAN40 >  @0A5 @01>2 8 >  =0@>45 3>A?>4 , > A;02O=A:>9 A:;>==>AB8 : B>B0;8B0@=><C @568<C 8 > 35@<0=A:>9 25@=>AB8 45<>:@0B88? A5 MB> O ?8HC =5 4;O ?>;5<8:8 A 4-@>< (C<0E5@><. =, =04> ?>;030BL, 7=05B A2>N 0C48B>@8N 8, 25@>OB=>, B>G=> >F5=8205B 55 3;>B0B5;L=K5 A?>A>1=>AB8. 0 8 A0< 4-@ (C<0E5@ O2;O5BAO B>;L:> ?@>872>4=>9 25;8G8=>9 8 0C48B>@88 8 2A53> B>3> D8;>A>DA:>3> @0728B8O, :>B>@K5 ?>GB8 2A5E =0A ?@825;8 : 40==><C ?>;>65=8N 25I59. 0==>5 65 ?>;>65=85 25I59, 2 G0AB=>AB8, E0@0:B5@87C5BAO B5<, GB> :C;LBC@=>9, ?@>A25I5==>9 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 D8;>A>DA:8 8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:8 =0AB@>5==>9 0C48B>@88 <>6=> ?@54;030BL ;N1>9 <0;>-<0;LA:8 <KA;8<K9 274>@  8 >=0 MB>B 274>@ ?@>3;>B8B. '5;>25G5A:89 74@02K9 A<KA;  =5 >G5=L C6 CA>25@H5=AB2>20= B5E=8G5A:8; => >= <>65B 8 >= >1O70= >B<5G0BL, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, A>25@H5==> >G5284=K5 25I8. >, >4=0:>, 2AO AC<<0 A>2@5<5==>3> D8;>A>DA:>3> @0728B8O ?@825;0 =0A : B><C, GB> 8<5==> A0<K5 >G5284=K5 25I8 B5@ONB =5 B>;L:> >G5284=>ABL, 0 8 2>>1I5 ?@87=0=85 8E 1KB8O, 70<07K205BAO 45AOB:0<8 ;682KE B5@<8=>2, >1E>48BAO A>B=59 >:>;L=KE ?CB59, B5>@89 8 2@0=LO  8 ?5@54 A;CH0B5;O<8 :0:>3>-=81C4L 4-@0 (C<0E5@0 2>AAB05B :0@B8=0 <8@0, 87C@>4>20==0O 2 45B0;OE 8 2 F5;><. ">;L:> GB> 2K@202H8AL 87 ?@>;5B0@A:8E >1JOB89 38B;5@>2A:>3> B>B0;8B0@87<0  (C<0E5@K =07K20NB AB0;8=A:89  B8?8G=> 2>AB>G=K< O2;5=85<. #@>25=L 687=8 0<5@8:0=A:>3> @01>G53>  ?>A:>;L:C 53> =5;L7O A:@KBL  2 !!!  >1JOA=O5BAO B0:: ?>4:C? :0?8B0;8AB0<8 25@ECH:8 @01>G53> :;0AA0. >;>4 2 !!!  >1JOA=O5BAO  =0A;5485< ?@>:;OB>3> F0@A:>3> @568<0 . #E>4 =3;88 87 =488  ?>?KB:0<8 70:010;8BL =0@>4K MB>9 AB@0=K. >20;L=>5 ?@5:@0I5=85 @01>BK ?@>;5B0@8O<8 2A5E AB@0=  ;CGH8< A?>A>1>< 4>1KBL 2>7<>6=> 1>;LH55 :>;8G5AB2> E;510 8 ?8460:>2.  2>7=8:0NI89 >B 2A53> MB>3> 3>;>4 A01>B065< A> AB>@>=K <5;:>3> A>1AB25==8:0  <C68:0, :>B>@K9 @01>B05B 2A5 A5<L 4=59 2 =545;N, :>B>@K9 =5 8<55B =8 >4=>3> >B?CA:0 =8 @07C 2 45AOBL ;5B, 8 :>B>@>3> 3@01OB 2A5 ?@>;5B0@88 @5H8B5;L=> 2A5E AB@0=  MB> 548=AB25==>5, 2 G5< >=8 459AB28B5;L=> 845>;>38G5A:8 548=K 2?>;=5. A5 MB> :065BAO A>25@H5==59H59 =5;5?8F59. > 4065 8 2 MB>< 5ABL A2>9 A<KA;. !>F80;87<  =0AB>OI89, @52>;NF8>==K9 A>F80;87<, 0 =5 53> D0180=A:89 @0AB2>@, AB028B A2>N AB02:C =0 =5=028ABL 8 =0 ;>6L. A5 >AB0;L=>5:  >AB>: 8 0?04 ,  ?>4:C? @01>G59 0@8AB>:@0B88 , A?0A8B5;L=>ABL 7010AB>2>:, 8 ?@>G55 2 MB>< @>45 O2;ONBAO B>;L:>  845>;>38G5A:8<8 =04AB@>9:0<8 2 1>@L15 70 =5=028ABL ?@>B82 ;N128 8 70 0B587< ?@>B82 >30. !>F80;87< >1O70= A5OBL =5=028ABL, GB>1K @0745;OBL ;N459, 8 >1O70= @0745;OBL ;N459, GB>1K 2;0AB2>20BL =04 =8<8  GB>1K AB@>8BL  :0: >1 MB>< 3>2>@8; >AB>52A:89  2028;>=A:CN 10H=N 157 >30 8 ?@>B82 >30. @54?@8OB85, 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5 157=0456=>5... > 8<5==> MB0 ;8=8O ?@54?@88<G82>AB8 >1JOA=O5B =0< ACI5AB2>20=85 "@>F:8E 8 !B0;8=KE, 8B;5@>2 8 (C<0E5@>2, >15A?L5@>2 8 ">@@57>2. 064K9 87 =8E, ?>2B>@OO 4@52=NN 2>AB>G=CN D>@<C;C, AG8B05B, GB>  3>AC40@AB2>  MB> O  2A5 65 >AB0;L=K5: C:;>=8ABK, ?@540B5;8 @01>G53> :;0AA0, 87<5==8:8 A>F80;87<C, C7C@?0B>@K 8 =0A8;L=8:8.  ?@>;5B0@8OE 2A5E AB@0= @>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0= A59G0A :><0=4CNB 2A5<8 AB@0=0<8 2@>?K  A =51>;LH8<8 ?>?@02:0<8 =0 0<5@8:0=A:CN >::C?0F8>==CN 0@<8N, =0 35=5@0;0 $@0=:> 8 5I5 =0 420-B@8 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E >AB@>2:0 2@>?K. >7C=3  ><<C=8AB8G5A:>3> =B5@=0F8>=0;0 :@0AC5BAO =0 >D8F80;L=>< 35@15 !!! . = 65 B@5?;5BAO 8 =0 7=0<5=0E B5E ?0@B89, :>B>@K5 4> 3>AC40@AB25==>3> 35@10 5I5 =5 4>@>A;8, => =045NBAO, GB> 4>@0ABCB. 2B>@ MB>3> ;>7C=30, 0@; 0@:A, AG8B05BAO >D8F80;L=K< A2OBK< =5 B>;L:> 4;O !!! , => 8 4;O 4-@0 (C<0E5@0, 5>=0 ;N<0, :065BAO, 4065 8 4;O <-@0 -BB;8.  1947 3>4C 2 1@8B0=A:>9 >::C?0F8>==>9 7>=5 ?@074=>20;>AL >B:@KB85 <C75O 2 "@8@5, 2 B>< 4><5, 345 @>48;AO 0@; 0@:A. 0 B>@65AB25 ?@8ACBAB2>20;8 ?@>;5B0@88 ?>GB8 2A5E 52@>?59A:8E AB@0=, :@><5, :065BAO !!! . $@0=FC7A:85 ?@>;5B0@88 60;8 @C:8 =5<5F:8<, G5HA:85  25=35@A:8<, 4@C385  4@C38<.  =5:>B>@KE 25I0E =0 MB>< ?@074=8:5, :065BAO, =5 3>2>@8;>AL. 0: 2 4><5 ?>25H5==>3> >1KG=> =5 3>2>@8BAO > 25@52:5. >648 ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0= ?@87K20;8 ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0= ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 : <564C=0@>4=>9 ?@>;5B0@A:>9 A>;840@=>AB8. >6=> 1K;> 1K >B<5B8BL 8 B>B D0:B, GB> 8A?KB0=8O ?5@2>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=K MB0 A>;840@=>ABL =5 2K45@60;0: ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0= 8 ?@54AB028B5;8 ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0= 3>;>A>20;8 70 2>5==K5 :@548BK  :0: MB>, =0?@8<5@, A45;0;0 35@<0=A:0O A>F80;-45<>:@0B8O. CAA:0O :><<C=8AB8G5A:0O ?0@B8O  B>340 5I5 B>;L:> ;520O D@0:F8O B>9 65 A>F80;-45<>:@0B8G5A:>9 ?0@B88 8<5;0 2A5 ;>38G5A:85 8 <>@0;L=K5 >A=>20=8O C?@5:0BL >AB0;L=KE A>F80;8AB>2 <8@0 2  A>F80;-?0B@8>B87<5 ,  A>F80;-?@540B5;LAB25 8  A>F80;-A>3;0H0B5;LAB25 . ">340, 2 1914 3>4C, MB>B ?0B@8>B87<, ?@540B5;LAB2> 8 A>3;0H0B5;LAB2> <>3;8 1K 1KBL >?@0240=K =0;8G85< @50:F8>==KE @568<>2 ><0=>2KE, >35=F>;;5@=>2 8 01A1C@3>2. 064K9 A>F80;87< AB@5<8;AO A25@3=CBL :064CN @50:F8N,  =>, 3;02=K< >1@07><, A>A54=NN. >B><  2A5 @50:F88 1K;8 A25@3=CBK. > 2A5E AB@0=0E 2@>?K >AB0;8AL >4=8 A>F80;8ABK. "5>@5B8G5A:8 2 1918 3>4C <>6=> 1K;> 1K ?@54?>;030BL, GB> 2>B BCB-B> 8 =0ABC?8;>, 5A;8 C6 =5 F0@AB2>, B> ?> :@09=59 <5@5 @5A?C1;8:0 ?@>;5B0@A:>9 A>;840@=>AB8. 5C<>;8<0O 8 =5>A?>@8<0O ?@0:B8:0 687=8 ?>:070;0, GB> BCB, :0: 8 @5H8B5;L=> 2> 2A5E 8=KE >B=>H5=8OE, 2A5, GB> ?@>87>H;> ?@8 @52>;NF8>==KE 8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E @568<0E, 1K;> =587<5@8<> EC65 2A53> B>3>, GB> ?@>8AE>48;> ?@8 <>=0@E8G5A:8E 8 @50:F8>==KE. !B0@0O, >BAB0;0O @50:F8>==0O 2@>?0  2@>?0 :>@>;59, 8<?5@0B>@>2 8 ?0?  2>520;0 8 4065 702>52K20;0. @81;878B5;L=> B5< 65 70=8<0;>AL, 2?@>G5<, 8 >AB0;L=>5 G5;>25G5AB2>, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 !!(.  @O4C 3>AC40@AB2-702>520B5;59 >AA8O, :>=5G=>, 70=8<0;0 ?5@2>5 <5AB>: 4204F0BL 420 <8;;8>=0 :204@0B=KE :8;><5B@>2 B0: 65 =5 A20;8;8AL A =510, :0: =5 A20;8;AO 8 B>20@8I !B0;8=. >6=> CB25@640BL, GB> G0ABL MB8E 702>520=89 =>A8;0 2K=C645==> >1>@>=8B5;L=K9 E0@0:B5@,  =0?@8<5@, 702>520=85 @K<0. ;8 4065 702>520=85 >;LH8. >6=> 40;LH5 CB25@640BL, GB> 4@C30O G0ABL =>A8;0 M:>=><8G5A:8 ?@8=C48B5;L=K9 E0@0:B5@, =0?@8<5@, 702>520=85 0;B8:8 8;8 $8=;O=488. @>AB> 702>520B5;L=KE 2>9=, :0: 8725AB=>, =5 2545B =8 >4=> ?@028B5;LAB2> <8@0. 0640O 2>9=0 8;8 2K720=0, 8;8 A?@>2>F8@>20=0 8;8 =02O70=0. 128=8B5;L=K5 0:BK > 702>520B5;L=KE ?>?KB:0E ?@54JO2;ONBAO B>;L:> ?>15645==K< =0F8O<.  >1548B5;59 =5 AC4OB  81> AC48BL 8E =5:><C. -B>B 0D>@87< ?@8=04;568B :0B5@8=5 B>@>9  <5;:>9 =5<5F:>9 ?@8=F5AA5, AB02H59  ?CB5< <C65C189AB20 8 F0@5C189AB20, ?>GB8 B5< 65, G5< A59G0A O2;O5BAO !B0;8=. AB0B8: >48= 87 >D8F80;L=KE M?8B5B>2 !B0;8=0 27OB 87 A;>20@O 5:0B5@8=8=A:>9 M?>E8: MB> 55 ?@842>@=0O 8AB>@8>3@0D8O =0720;0  <0B5@LN =0@>4>2 . !B0;8=, A>>B25BAB25==>, AB0; >BF><. !B0BL <0B5@LN 5<C 1K;> 1K 70B@C4=8B5;L=>. :0B5@8=C B>@CN  ?> >D8F80;L=>9 B5@<8=>;>388 5;8:CN  AC48BL 1K;> =5:><C. 065BAO =5:><C 8 4> A8E ?>@. @8 =59 1K;0 @0745;5=0 >;LH0, 1K; 702>520= @K<, 1K;8 ;8:2848@>20=K ?>A;54=85 >AB0B:8 <>=3>;LA:8E >@4, 1K;8 =0=5A5=K A>:@CH0NI85 ?>@065=8O BC@:0<. @8 =59 70:>=G8;>AL 70:@5?>I5=85 @CAA:>3> :@5ABLO=AB20. -B> 1K;, <>65B 1KBL, A0<K9 1;5ABOI89 25: @CAA:>9 2>5==>9 8AB>@88. , 5A;8 8A:;NG8BL M?>E8 5B@0 8 !B0;8=0, B> MB> 1K;8 A0<K5 @50:F8>==K5 45AOB8;5B8O @CAA:>9 8AB>@8G5A:>9 687=8: 45AOB8;5B8O 42>@O=A:>9 48:B0BC@K, ><@0G5==K5 AB@0H=K< ?C30G52A:8< 2>AAB0=85<. @8 :0B5@8=5 B>@>9 1K;> A>25@H5=> 25;8G09H55 2=5H=5?>;8B8G5A:>5 ?@5ABC?;5=85 @CAA:>9 8AB>@88. 82>5 B5;> ?>;LA:>9 =0F88 1K;> @07>@20=> =0 B@8 G0AB8 8 ?>45;5=> <564C >AA859, @CAA859 8 2AB@859. C6=>, 2?@>G5<, 2=5AB8 ACI5AB25==CN ?>?@02:C: ?@8 ?5@2>< @0745;5 >AA8O =5 27O;0 =8 >4=>3> :;>G:0 G8AB> ?>;LA:8E >1;0AB59. > 2A5-B0:8 >;LH0 1K;0 ?>45;5=0, ?>@01>I5=0, 1>;LH0O 55 G0ABL ?>?0;0 @CAA88. C:0<8 <5;:>9 =5<5F:>9 ?@8=F5AAK, C3>;>2=K< ?CB5< 2>7=5A5==>9 =0 ?@5AB>; >AA89A:>9 <?5@88  1K;> ?>;>65=> =0G0;> ?@CAA:><C <>3CI5AB2C. ?@>G5<  =5 A;54C5B ?5@5>F5=820BL @>;L :0B5@8=K: >=0 1K;0 :C:;>9 2 @C:0E B5E ;N459, :>B>@K5 =5A;8 55 8 =0 :@>20BL 8 =0 ?@5AB>;. =0 1K;0 B>;L:> 2K25A:>9. =0 1K;0 =0720=0  5;8:>9  81> 8<5==> ?>4 55 2K25A:>9 >:>=G0B5;L=> :>=A>;848@>20;AO 8 >:>=G0B5;L=> 70:@5?8; A2>N 48:B0BC@C A;>9 ?>1548B5;59 2 687=5==>9 1>@L15: @CAA:>5 @01>2;045;LG5A:>5 42>@O=AB2>. @8<5@ :0B5@8=K 8 >;LH8 O 15@C, :0: A0<K9 G5@=K9 ?@8<5@ @CAA:>9 2>5==>-?>;8B8G5A:>9 8AB>@88,  2A5-B0:8 4> A8E ?>@ A0<>9 CA?5H=>9 2 <8@5.  MB><C ?@8<5@C =C6=> 1K A45;0BL @O4 >3>2>@>:. >;LH0 4> 18 25:0 83@0;0 ?> 04@5AC >AA88 A>25@H5==> BC 65 @>;L, :0:CN 5@<0=8O 8A<0@:0 8 8B;5@0 83@0;0 ?> >B=>H5=8N : >;LH5: :C;LBC@=0O <8AA8O =0 >AB>:5 8 ?@>G85 25I8 2 B0:>< 65 AB8;5. >;LH0 702>520;0 852  2 ?5@2K9 @07 2 1211 3>4C 8 2 ?>A;54=89 @07  2 1921. 065 8 ?>A;5 ?>?KB:8 8;AC4A:>3>  ?>4 2;0ABLN >;LH8 >:070;8AL @CAA:85 70?04=K5 >1;0AB8  2 B>< G8A;5 8 B0 @>4=5=A:0O 3C15@=8O, 2 :>B>@>9 <>8 :@5ABLO=A:85 ?@54:8 68;8 A>B=8 ;5B  8 2 :>B>@KE 1K; CAB0=>2;5= @5H8B5;L=> B0:>9 65 @568<, :0:>9 =5<FK CAB0=>28;8 2 >;LH5 2 1939-45 3>40E. >A;5 27OB8O @0:>20,  8B;5@ =5 40@>< 5748; ?>:;>=OBLAO ?@0EC 8;AC4A:>3>. ;O =5256;82>3> >1@0I5=8O A >;LH59  C >AA88 1K;8 4>AB0B>G=K5 8AB>@8G5A:85 >A=>20=8O. > 8 @0745; >;LH8 8 40;L=59H85 ?>?KB:8 55 @CA8D8:0F88 >B=>AOBAO : G8A;C A0<KE G5@=KE 45; A0<>9 2>8=AB25==>9 2 <8@5 8AB>@88  @CAA:>9 8AB>@88. @81;878B5;L=> 2 MBC 65 M?>EC 70:>=G8;8AL 8 >AB0;L=K5 70?04=K5 702>520=8O >AA88: 1K;0 >B2>520=0 C (25F88 $8=;O=48O. >2B>@ON, MB> 1K;8 A0<K5 1;5ABOI85 2>5==K5 45AOB8;5B8O >AA88: ;8:2840F8O >;LH8, C=8GB>65=85 B0B0@A:8E >@4, @073@>< "C@F88 8, :0: 25=5F MB>9 M?>E8,  C=8GB>65=85 =0?>;5>=>2A:>9 0@<88, 27OB85 5@;8=0 8 0@860  8 48:B0BC@0 ;5:A0=4@0 5@2>3> 8 8:>;0O 5@2>3> =04> 2A59 2@>?>9  GB> ?> B5< 2@5<5=0< 1K;> 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 M:2820;5=B=> <8@>2>9 2;0AB8. CAA:0O 8AB>@8O =0720;0 :0B5@8=C 5;8:>9, ;5:A0=4@0 5@2>3>  ;03>A;>25==K< 8 8:>;0O 5@2>3>  0;:8=K<.  @50;L=>AB8 :0B5@8=0 1K;0 A?;>H=>9 @50:F859, ;5:A0=4@ 1K; ?CABK< <5AB><, 8:>;09 5@2K9 1K;, <>65B 1KBL, 548=AB25==K< A25B;K< ?OB=><: >= 25@=C; :>=AB8BCF8N >;LH5, ?>4B25@48; :>=AB8BCF8N $8=;O=488 8, GB> A0<>5 206=>5,  =0G0; @01>BC ?> >A2>1>645=8N 2A5E :@5?>AB=KE :@5ABLO= 2A59 <?5@88. >, :0: MB> A;CG05BAO A 8AB>@8:0<8,  :0B5@8=0, ?@8 :>B>@>9 :@5ABLO=AB2> 1K;> >:>=G0B5;L=> ;8H5=> 2AO:8E G5;>25G5A:8E ?@02  >:070;0AL 5;8:>9, 0 8:>;09 5@2K9, :>B>@K9 2A5 A2>5 F0@AB2>20=85 2;>68; 2 >A2>1>645=85 :@5ABLO=AB20  >:070;AO 0;:8=K<. > A>25@H5==> B0:>9 65 AE5<5 ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0= >:07K20NBAO ?@>3@5AA><, 0 :0?8B0;8ABK B5E 65 AB@0= >:07K20NBAO @50:F859. B0:, A0<0O :@C?=0O, A0<0O 2>8=AB25==0O 8 A0<0O @50:F8>==0O 3>AC40@AB25==>ABL 2@>?K 702>520;0: >;LHC, 0;B8:C, $8=;O=48N, @K< 8 5I5 F5;CN <0AAC 4@C38E <5AB. > 2A5E MB8E >:@08=0E 1K;8 >AB02;5=K 8E AB0@K5 :>=AB8BCF88, 2>;L=>AB8 8 ?@>G55. >;LA:0O :>=AB8BCF8O 1K;0 ;8:2848@>20=0 B>;L:> ?>A;5 ?>;LA:>3> 2>AAB0=8O 1832 3. $8=A:0O  459AB2>20;0 4> 1917. 708<>>B=>H5=8O <564C 702>520==>9 $8=;O=4859 8 55 702>520B5;L=8F59 =5 8<5;8, 25@>OB=>, ?@5F545=B>2 2> 2A59 <8@>2>9 8AB>@88: 2A5 3@0640=5 $8=;O=488 ?>;L7>20;8AL 2A5<8 ?@020<8 =0 2A59 B5@@8B>@88 <?5@88, 8 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 3@0640=5 2A59 >AB0;L=>9 <?5@88 =5 ?>;L7>20;8AL 2A5<8 ?@020<8 =0 B5@@8B>@88 $8=;O=488. > 2AO:>< A;CG05: =8 2 >4=>< 87 2A5E MB8E 702>520=89 =8 C >4=>3> 87 ?>15645==KE ?><5I8:>2 8;8 <C68:>2 =5 1K;> >B=OB> =8 >4=>3> :;>G:0 75<;8, =8:B> =5 ?5@5A5;O;AO 8 =5 ?5@53>=O;AO A <5AB0 =0 <5AB>,  D8==  35=5@0; 0==5@359< 1K; A28BK 3> 5;8G5AB20 35=5@0;-04JNB0=B><, ?>;O:  35=. ;5<1>2A:89  1K; 35=. :20@B8@<59AB5@>< 2A5E @CAA:8E 0@<89 2 ?5@2CN <8@>2CN 2>9=C. CAA:0O ?>;8B8:0 =045;0;0 <=>3> >H81>:, ?@><0E>2 8 4065 ?@5ABC?;5=89: @0745; 8 ?>?KB:8 @CA8D8:0F88 >;LH8 1K;8 ?@5ABC?;5=85<. 4=0:>: ?>;LA:85 ?><5I8:8 >:>;> %0@L:>20 8 ?>;LA:85 ?><5I8:8 >:>;> 0@H02K ?@>4>;60;8 2;045BL A2>8<8 ?><5ABLO<8  8=>340 3830=BA:8<8 ?><5ABLO<8  0 4> 1861 3>40 =5:0O G0ABL =0@>40 702>520B5;O 8 =0@>40 ?>1548B5;O  A5<L8 !>;>=528G59  >AB020;8AL :@5?>AB=K<8 @010<8 ?><5I8:>2, ?@8=04;5602H8E : ?>15645==><C 8 702>520==><C =0@>4C. A>15==> C<=> MB> =5 1K;>. > MB> E0@0:B5@87C5B 702>520B5;L=CN ?>;8B8:C @50:F88. !59G0A =0G0;8 A2>N 0=B8<8;8B0@8AB8G5A:CN ?>;8B8:C ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0=. K A59G0A <>65< A:070BL, GB> B>20@8I !B0;8= 2545B ?>;8B8:C >B:@>25==>9 M:A?0=A88. > <K <>65< CB25@640BL 8 =5GB> 4@C3>5: 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 A>F80;8AB8G5A:85 ?@028B5;LAB20 2@>?K 25;8 1K  B>G=> B0:CN 65 ?>;8B8:C, 5A;8 1K C =8E 4;O MB>3> 1K;> 1K 4>AB0B>G=> A8;. 07=8FC <564C !B0;8=K< 8 >AB0;L=K<8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:8<8 ?>;8B8:0<8 2@>?K =C6=> 8A:0BL =5 2 ?>B5=F80;5 65;0=8O, 0 2 =0;8G88 A8;K. !>25@H5==> >G5284=>, GB> 5A;8 1K B5 ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0=, :>B>@K5 =K=G5 2;0AB2CNB 2> $@0=F88, 1K;8 1K 4>AB0B>G=> A8;L=K, B> >=8 45;0;8 1K 2 C@5 @5H8B5;L=> B> 65 A0<>5, GB> 45;05B B>20@8I !B0;8= 2 5@;8=5 8 45;0;8 1K MB> 157> 2AO:>9 >3;O4:8 =0 8=B5@5AK, 65;0=8O, 3>;>A>20=8O 8;8 3>;>4 B5E ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0=, :>B>@K< =5 ?>257;> 2> 2B>@>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=5. 5B8 =5<5F:8E ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0= 3>;>40NB =58AB>2>  <8=8AB@K =>@256A:8E ?@>;5B0@852 =0;030NB A2>5 25B> =0 =5<5F:>5 @K1>;>2AB2> 8 :8B>1>9=K9 ?@><KA5;. 0BA:85 ?@>;5B0@88 ?KB0NBAO >BBO?0BL (;57283, 15;L389A:85 8 3>;;0=4A:85   8A?@028BL 3@0=8FK , G5HA:85 ?@>;5B0@88 2KA5;8;8 =5<5F:8E 8 25=35@A:8E, 25=35@A:85  A;>20F:8E 8 G5HA:8E, A5@1A:85 8 @C<K=A:85  H201A:8E 8 02AB@89A:8E, 02AB@89A:85  =5<5F:8E  8 B0: 40;55. >6=> A:070BL, GB> 2AB@>-5=35@A:0O <>=0@E8O 1K;0 @50:F8>==>9. 4=0:>, 4N68=0 =0@>4=>AB59 2A5-B0:8 :0:-B> C6820;8AL 4@C3 A 4@C3><. !59G0A ;N48, 682H85 25:0<8 =0 B5@@8B>@8OE MB>9 1K2H59 @50:F88  A>3=0=K A> A2>8E 25:0<8 =0A865==KE <5AB, >3@01;5=K 4> =8B:8, 2K1@>H5=K 2 3>;>4=CN =58725AB=>ABL.  MB> 2A5 45;05BAO ?@>;5B0@8O<8 ?> 04@5AC ?@>;5B0@852. 5<5F:85 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8ABK =0G0;8 A2>N 2=5H=5?>;8B8G5A:CN 45OB5;L=>ABL A ?>;=>3> C=8GB>65=8O ?>;LA:8E =0@>4=KE A>F80;8AB>2. "5?5@L  ?>;LA:85 A>F80;8ABK 70=O;8AL ?;>E> >@30=87>20==K< 8AB@51;5=85< =5<5F:8E B@C4OI8EAO. 1 >1AB0=>2:5 2KA5;5=8O =5<F52 87-70 45@-59A5   "09<A ?8A0;:  MB> 1K;> ;CGH5 5;L75=0 8 0E0C, => MB> 1K;> =5 =0 <=>3> ;CGH5 . :>;> 42CEA>B ;5B B><C =0704 2 F0@AB2>20=85 B>9 65 :0B5@8=K, :=O7L >B5<:8= 702>520; =K=5H=89 N3 >AA88  2 B>< G8A;5 @K<.  A>7=0=88 A@54=53> G8B0NI53> 52@>?59A:>3> G5;>25:0 8<O :=. >B5<:8=0 =5@07@K2=> A2O70=> A 2K@065=85<  ?>B5<:8=A:85 45@52=8 . "0: ?8H5B 8AB>@8O. AB>@8O =5 ?8H5B > B><, GB> B>340H=85  ?>B5<:8=A:85 45@52=8 A59G0A =07K20NBAO: 45AA>9, !520AB>?>;5<, =5?@>?5B@>2A:>< 8 ?@>G8<8 B0:8<8 1CB0D>@A:8<8 =0720=8O<8. >9=0 =0 N35 >AA88 1K;0 725@A:>9 2>9=>9. "0B0@K >:07K20;8 >BG0O==>5 A>?@>B82;5=85, 8 =0A5;5=85 A525@=KE @09>=>2 @K<0 1K;> 8AB@51;5=> ?>GB8 ?>3>;>2=>: 45B59 E20B0;8 70 =>6:8  8 3>;>2>9 > AB>;1. @81;878B5;L=> 2 B0:>< 65 AB8;5 @07K3@K20;8AL 8 :02:07A:85 2>9=K. "0: GB> 3003A:85 ?@8=F8?K 2 MB8E 2>9=0E =5 ?@8<5=O;8AL. @K< 65 2 ?@54H5AB2CNICN M?>EC 83@0; BC 65 @>;L, :0:CN 83@0;8 0@01A:85 B>@3>2FK G5@=K< 45@52>< 2 D@8:5 2@5<5= !B5=;8. ;O 45<>:@0B8G5A:8E ?@8=F8?>2 2545=8O 2>9=K <5AB0 B0< =5 1K;>. 4=0:>  ?>A;5 :0?8BC;OF88 @K<0, 53> =0A5;5=8N 1K; ?@54>AB02;5= 2K1>@: >AB020BLAO 2 >AA88 8;8 M<83@8@>20BL 2 "C@F8N  @K< 4> B>3> ?@8=04;560; "C@F88. '0ABL >AB0;0AL, G0ABL ?@54?>G;0 C5E0BL. #57602H8< 1K; ?@54>AB02;5= B>==06 4;O =8E 8 4;O 2A53> 8E 8<CI5AB20, 1K;8 2K40=K 45=L38 =0 ?@>574 8 45=L38 =0 >1702545=85 2 =>2KE <5AB0E. -B> 1K;> 425AB8 ;5B B><C =0704, 2 >4=C 87 A0<KE @50:F8>==KE M?>E >AA88, ?> >B=>H5=8N : @071>9=K< ?;5<5=0<, ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> ?@><KH;O2H8< B>@3>2;59 682K< G5;>25G5A:8< <OA><. AB02H85AO :@K<A:85 B0B0@K A>25@H5==> <8@=> ?@>68;8 425AB8 ;5B. !59G0A  >=8 2A5 2KA5;5=K =0 A525@ !818@8. :>;> 42CE A ?>;>28=>9 <8;;8>=>2 ?>;O:>2 2 B5G5=85 ?@8<5@=> B5E 65 42CEA>B ;5B B0:65 <8@=> 68;8 =0 N35 >AA88  2A5 >=8 2KA;0=K : ;8=88 45@-59A5, 345 >=8 @5H8B5;L=> =5 7=0NB, GB> 8<5==> A> 2A5<8 8<8 AB0=5BAO 702B@0. @K<A:85 B0B0@K A?5F80;878@>20;8AL =0 B010:>2>4AB25  ;CGH5< 2 >AA88. "5?5@L =0 A525@5 !818@8 >=8, 25@>OB=>, ?@>AB> 2K<@CB. 5<5F:85 @01>G85 2 '5E88 25:0<8 A?5F80;878@>20;8AL =0 AB5:>;L=>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, :065BAO, ;CGH59 2 <8@5: B5?5@L 8< 8 4520BLAO =5:C40 8 45;0BL =5G53>. $8=A:85 ?@>;5B0@88 A?5F80;878@>20;8AL ?> 2>4=><C B@0=A?>@BC 2 5B5@1C@35  8 ?@8 F0@A:>9 @50:F88 68;8 B0< A>B=N ;5B, @01>B0;8 8 =8:B> 8E =5 B@>30;. ! =0G0;>< ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0=  >=8 2KA5;5=K 2A5. 5<5F:85 :>;>=8ABK 2 >AA88 68;8 B0< ?>GB8 425AB8 ;5B 8 A>740;8 70 >;3>9 >G5=L 2KA>:>:20;8D8F8@>20==K5 A5;LA:85 E>7O9AB20  >=8 2KA;0=K =0 B>B 65 A525@ !818@8 8 A B5<8 65 H0=A0<8 =0 687=L. @028B5;LAB2> @CAA:8E ?@>;5B0@852 C<>@8;> 3>;>4>< 420 <8;;8>=0 ?;5==KE =5<5F:8E ?@>;5B0@852 8 ?@028B5;LAB2> D@0=FC7A:8E ?@>;5B0@852 ?KB0;>AL B0:65 C<>@8BL B5E 65 =5<5F:8E ?;5==KE  ?>:0 2 MBC 8AB>@8N =5 2<5H0;>AL ?@028B5;LAB2> 0=B8?@>;5B0@A:8E !!(. 0  ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0= A59G0A 2ABC?05BAO B>;L:> 0=B8?@>;5B0@A:>5, :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>5 8 ?;CB>:@0B8G5A:>5 8 ?@>G55 ?@028B5;LAB2> !!(  B>;L:> >=> >4=>. -B> >=> :>@<8B 45B59 52@>?59A:>3> ?@>;5B0@80B0, :>B>@KE 3@01OB ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0=. -B> >=>  8 B>;L:> >=> >4=> A?0A05B >B@O4K 52@>?59A:>3> ?@>;5B0@80B0 >B <5AB0 8E ?>A;54=53> A>548=5=8O  >B 28A5;8F, ?>420;>2 8 1@0BA:8E <>38; 3>;>40. '5< 8 :>340 ?><>3;8 >4=8 ?@>;5B0@88 4@C38< ?@>;5B0@8O<? B> 87 =8E ?>;>68; :CA>: E;510 2 ?@>BO=CBCN @C:C A2>8E 3>;>40NI8E B>20@8I59 ?> :;0AAC? B> 87 =8E 40; 1K AB0:0= <>;>:0 3>;>40NI8< 45BO< :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=  5A;8 1K 45B8 3>;>40;8 2 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E 8 8<5;8 1K <>;>:> 2 A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=0E? >72>;LB5 =0@8A>20BL A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN CB>?8N, =5 ?@54CA<>B@5==CN ?>:0 GB> =8:0:>9 D8;>A>D859 <8@0. <5@8:0=FK 87 2@>?K CH;8. ;O ?@>AB>BK :0@B8=K ?@54?>;>68<, GB> 1>;LH528:8 =0 8E <5AB> =5 ?@8H;8. 'B> 1C45B 702B@0 2 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 2@>?5 ?@>;5B0@852 2A5E AB@0=? 01C4CB ;8 =5<5F:85 B@C4OI85AO A2>N 75<;N ?> BC AB>@>=C 45@0 8 59AAK? >3>2>@8BAO ;8 B>20@8I (C<0E5@ A B>20@8I5< ">@@57><? !>3;0AOBAO ;8 =5<5F:85 @K10:8 >B:07K20BLAO >B @K1L53> 68@0 2 ?>;L7C A2>8E =>@256A:8E B>20@8I59? >45;OB ;8 25=3@K, A;>20:8 8 G5E8 =0A;5485 >3@01;5==KE =5<5F:8E 8 02AB@89A:8E @01>G8E? @8<8@8BAO ;8 <8AB5@ "8B> A 02AB@89A:>9 0@8=B859?  GB> 1C4CB 5ABL 2A5 >=8 =0 4@C3>9 45=L ?>A;5 ?@5:@0I5=8O :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 ?><>I8 =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=>9 2@>?5 A53>4=OH=53> 4=O? ...A;8 A53>4=O 4=5< 0:C;K 0<5@8:0=A:>3> :0?8B0;87<0 87 2@>?K C94CB, B> A53>4=O 25G5@>< 2 2@>?5 2A5 =0G=CB @570BL 2A5E. 5<FK 2KH81CB ?>;O:>2 87 ><5@0=88. >;O:8 2KH81CB @CAA:8E 87 5=83A15@30. $@0=FC7K ?>AB0@0NBAO 70E20B8BL C@ 8 40BG0=5  (;57283. "8B> @8=5BAO =0 2AB@8N. !;>20:8O 2>AAB0=5B ?@>B82 '5E88. 5<5F:89 @01>G89 @8=5BAO 3@018BL =5<5F:>3> <C68:0. 5<5F:89 <C68: ?>AB0@05BAO 2K@570BL =5<5F:8E 1565=F52  =5 3>2>@O C65 >1 8=>AB@0==KE 8-8. 065 AB0@K5, 402=> 701KBK5 :@>202K5 @0A?@8 <564C @5;838O<8 ?@8<CB A>F80;8AB8G5A:8 <>45@=878@>20==K9 E0@0:B5@: ?@02>A;02=K5 A5@1K =0G=CB @570BL :0B>;8G5A:8E E>@20B>2, 0 2 70?04=>9 #:@08=5 ;8:2840F8O C=88, =0G0B0O :0B5@8=>9 5;8:>9, 1C45B ?@>4>;60BLAO <5B>40<8 5;8:>3> !B0;8=0: <5G>< 8 28A5;8F0<8. K <>65B5 >B25@3=CBL MB>B 20@80=B A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 CB>?88. > A>25@H5==> =52>7<>6=> >B@8F0BL A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN 459AB28B5;L=>ABL A53>4=OH=53> 4=O: 2A5, GB> <>6=> 1K;> 8A?>;L7>20BL 4;O =5=028AB8  8A?>;L7>20=> 4;O =5=028AB8. 0=LH5 =0< 2A5< 3>2>@8;8 B>;L:> > =5=028AB8 : M:A?;C0B0B>@0<. !59G0A :C;LB828@C5BAO =5=028ABL 8 :  M:A?;C0B8@C5<K< . @>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0= 4>18;8AL >4=>3>: 2> 2AO:CN I5;L. 345 B>;L:> 70B08;8AL >AB0B:8 25:>2KE A?>@>2  218BK =>2K5 :;8=LO A25659 =5=028AB8: :;0AA>2>9, 3@C??>2>9, =0F8>=0;L=>9 8 4065 @5;838>7=>9. B> <>3 A515 ?@54AB028BL B>20@8I0 !B0;8=0, 2KABC?0NI53> 2 :0G5AB25  70I8B=8:0 ?@02>A;028O <5B>40<8 8=:2878F88 A5<=04F0B>3> 25:0? B> <>3 ?@54AB028BL A515, GB> 2>648 @CAA:>3> 8 D@0=FC7A:>3> ?@>;5B0@80B0 AB0=CB A>7=0B5;L=> C1820BL 3>;>4>< <8;;8>=K =5<5F:8E ?@>;5B0@852, B>;L:> GB>  >A2>1>645==KE >B 2;0AB8 :@>202>3> D0H87<0 . B> <>3 ?@54AB028BL A515 @CAA:>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3>  1>3>=>AF0 , =0A8;CNI53> 15@;8=A:8E ?@>;5B0@>: 8;8 =5<5F:>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> ?@>D5AA>@0, 2?@KA:820NI53> 15=78= 2 25=K ?;5==KE @01>G8E 8 :@5ABLO=? $0:B8G5A:0O 8AB>@8O 2A5E MB8E <>@0;L=KE 4>AB865=89 5I5 =5 =0?8A0=0 2AO. !59G0A <K 7=05< B>;L:> =5<5F:85 725@AB20. ">, GB> @CAA:85 M<83@0=BK <=5 3>2>@8;8 > G5HA:8E  4065 8 <=5, G5;>25:C, 28402H5<C 2AO:85 284K,  :065BAO =525@>OB=K<. ">20@8I (C<0E5@ 5ABL A>F80;8AB. > 254L 8 B>20@8I 8: 5ABL A>F80;8AB. ">20@8I (C<0E5@ @074C205B =5=028ABL ?@>B82 >AA88, >;LH8, A;02O=AB20, ?@>B82 =5<5F:8E ?><5I8:>2 8 D01@8:0=B>2, ?@>B82  E@8AB80=A:>9 45<>:@0B88 8 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>3> ;815@0;87<0. ">20@8I 8: @074C205B =5=028ABL ?@>B82 !!( 8 =3;88  8 ?@>B82 B5E 65 45<>:@0B>2, ;815@0;>2 8 :0?8B0;8AB>2. ">20@8I ">@@57 @074C205B =5=028ABL ?@>B82 =5<5F:8E ?@>;5B0@852 8 0<5@8:0=A:8E :0?8B0;8AB>2 8 B>20@8I !B0;8= 3@018B =5<5F:8E B@C4OI8EAO B>G=> B0:65, :0: >3@018; 8 @CAA:8E. !>25BA:89 845>;>3 ;LO -@5=1C@3 2>?8;:  A<5@BL =5<F0< 8 ?>4 MB8< ;>7C=3>< :@0A=0O 0@<8O H;0 =0 5@;8=  =0A8;>20;0, 3@018;0 8 C1820;0. > MB>3>  ?>GB8 ?>4 B0:8< 65 ;>7C=3>< H;0 =0 2>AB>: 35@<0=A:0O A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O 0@<8O 8 45;0;0 B> 65 A0<>5. @8 ><0=>2KE, >35=F>;;5@=0E 8 ?@>G8E 1K;>, <>65B 1KBL, ?;>E>. > =8:B> 2 <8@5, 8<5NI89 C< 8 A>25ABL, =5 8<55B =8:0:>3> ?@020 >A?0@820BL B>3> D0:B0, GB> ?@8 ?@>;5B0@8OE 2A5E AB@0= 2A5 AB0;> =587<5@8<> EC65. CAA:89 <?5@0B>@ 025; 5@2K9, :>B>@>3> 5@=0@4 (>C =07K205B B0:8< 65 GC4>28I5<, :0:8< 1K; 5@>=  27O; 2 ?;5= 2>64O ?>;LA:>3> 2>AAB0=8O "045CH0 >ABNH:>. >ABNH:> 1K; ?@82575= 2 5B5@1C@3, ?@8=OB 02;><, ?>;CG8; 45=L38 8 A2>1>4C 8 C5E0; 2 !!(. (0<8;L, >@30=87>202H89 =0 02:075 >4=> 87 A0<KE :@>202KE 2>AAB0=89 @CAA:>9 >:@08==>9 8AB>@88, 1K; 27OB 2 ?;5=, 1K; ?@8=OB F0@5< ;5:A0=4@>< B>@K<, ?>;CG8; 8<5=85 =0 >;35  ?@0240, A 70?@5B>< 2>72@0I0BLAO =0 02:07  8 ?>B>< C5E0; 2 5::C. 025; 5@2K9 8 ;5:A0=4@ B>@>9 1K;8  @50:F8>=5@0<8 , 8 >10 1K;8 C18BK  ?5@2K9  70 B>, GB> =0G0; >A2>1>645=85 @CAA:8E @01>2,  2B>@>9  70 B>, GB> >= 53> :>=G8;. 'B> A45;0;8 @50:F8>=5@K, C18202H85  @50:F8N ? >3> ?><8;>20;8 >=8? >3> >=8 >A2>1>48;8 8 87 G8A;0 A2>8E ?@>B82=8:>2, 8 87 G8A;0 A2>8E 4@C759, 8 87 G8A;0 B5E B@C4OI8EAO, 2> 8<O :>B>@KE >=8 ?>4=O;8 A2>8 :@>202K5 7=0<5=0? K <>65< A:070BL, GB> 025; 5@2K9 2 >;LH5 8 ;5A0=4@ B>@>9 =0 02:075 25;8 8<?5@80;8AB8G5A:CN ?>;8B8:C  8 MB> 1C45B ?@028;L=>. > @0725 =5 B>B 65 8<?5@80;87< ?@>2>4OB 8;8 ?KB0NBAO ?@>2>48BL ?>;LA:85 A>F80;8ABK =0 ;8=88 45@-59AA5, D@0=FC7A:85  2 !00@5 8 2 =4>-8B05, 40BA:85 345-B> 2 (;572835, @CAA:85  ?> 2A5< A2>8< 3@0=8F0<, 8 4065 8B0;LO=A:85  345-B> 2 -@8B@55? <?5@80;87<, 459AB28B5;L=>, 1K;,  => >= >AB0;AO 8 ?@8 A>F80;8AB0E. 4=0:>, 4> ?@>;5B0@852 2A53> <8@0, 2 2@>?5, :@><5 8<?5@80;87<0, :0?8B0;87<0 8 ?@>G8E @07=>284=>AB59 @50:F88  1K;> 2A5-B0:8 GC2AB2> >1I5AB25==>3> ?@8;8G8O 8 1K;8 B@048F88 G5;>25G=>AB8  8;8 ?> :@09=59 <5@5 465=B;L<5=AB20. 073@>< >ABNH:8 8;8 (0<8;O 1K; >1CA;>2;5= B0:8<8-B> 8 B0:8<8-B> A>>1@065=8O<8. > >=8 =5 1K;8 ?@5ABC?=8:0<8 8 >=8 =5 @0AA<0B@820;8AL :0: ?@5ABC?=8:8. !>F80;8AB8G5A:89 <8@ A59G0A ?>45;5= =0 B@8 =5@02=K5 G0AB8: ?5@20O  2>64L, 2B>@0O  53> C3>;>2=0O ?>;8F8O, B@5BLO  2A5 >AB0;L=>5 ?@5ABC?=>5 G5;>25G5AB2>. / ?5@5G8A;8; D0:BK. N1><C >B45;L=><C 87 =8E 2K <>65B5 =09B8 ;N1>5 >B45;L=>5 >1JOA=5=85. N1CN =5=028ABL 2K <>65B5 >1JOA=8BL ;N1K<  =0A;5485< ?@>H;>3> . > 254L 2AO 2@>?0 AB0;0 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9, 2> 2A59 2@>?5 B2>@OBAO ?@81;878B5;L=> >4=8 8 B5 65 25I8, 8 2A5 8AB>G=8:8 52@>?59A:>9 687=8 70@065=K >4=>9 8 B>9 65 =5=028ABLN. > ?>154K A>F80;87<0 =04 :@>202K<8 AB0@K<8 @568<0<8, =04 @50:F8>==K<8 :0?8B0;8AB0<8, =04 =5A>7=0B5;L=K<8 B@C4OI8<8AO, =04 5@5B8G5A:8<8 D8;>A>D0<8, =04 >AB0;L=K<8 >??>78F8>==K<8 A>F80;8AB0<8  2 2@>?5 2A5-B0:8 ACI5AB2>20;8 70:>=K, ?@5A;54>202H85 70  2>71C645=85 =0F8>=0;L=>9, A>A;>2=>9, :;0AA>2>9 8;8 @5;838>7=>9 =5=028AB8 . -B8 70:>=K 1K;8 =5A>25@H5==K, 2K?>;=O;8AL >=8 =5 2A5340, 8 2A5 ?@>H;>5 2@>?K >AB028;> 4>AB0B>G=> ?>2>4>2 4;O 2AO:8E B@5=89. '53> AB>8B >4=0 -;L70A->B0@8=38O A 55 ?5@5<560NI8<8AO ?>?KB:0<8 B> 35@<0=870F88, B> 30;;870F88. 0 52@>?59A:8E B5@@8B>@8OE 5ABL, =0?@8<5@, -AB>=8O A 55 <8;;8>=>< =0A5;5=8O. "KAOGC ;5B 68;0 >=0 ?>4 GC68< 3>AC40@AB25==K< 2;04KG5AB2><  =5<5F:8<, 40BA:8<, H254A:8<, 0 ?>B>< @CAA:8<,  AB@0=0, :>B>@0O =5 8<55B =8:0:8E H0=A>2 =0 A>1AB25==CN :C;LBC@C 8 A0<>AB>OB5;L=>ABL, =0:>?8;0 BKAOG5;5B=55 @074@065=85 8 ?KB0;0AL 87;8BL 53> 8 =0 =5<F52, 8 =0 H254>2, 8 =0 @CAA:8E. 0 MB8E B5@@8B>@8OE 4>AB0B>G=> 3>@NG53> <0B5@80;0 8 4;O @57=8 8 4;O =5=028AB8. >GB8 2> 2A59 2@>?5 ACI5AB2>20;> 2 A2>5 2@5<O :@5?>AB=>5 ?@02> 8 : 1945 3>4C ?>GB8 2> 2A59 2@>?5 5I5 ACI5AB2>20;8 53> ?5@568B:8. A5 MB> =5 1K;> 701KB>, :0: =5 1K;8 701KBK 8 :@>202K5 @5;838>7=K5 2>9=K <564C :0B>;8F87<><, ?@>B5AB0=B87<>< 8 ?@02>A;0285< 8 <5=55 :@>202K5 AB>;:=>25=8O 2 ?@545;0E MB8E @5;8389  <564C 8E >B45;L=K<8 @07=>284=>ABO<8. A5 MB> 1K;> 8AB>@8G5A:>9 402=>ABLN. > A> 2A5< MB8<  AB0@K5 @568<K ?KB0;8AL 1>@>BLAO  8, 2 >1I5<, ?@8 >B45;L=KE >H81:0E  1>@>;8AL 2A5-B0:8 =5 157 CA?5E0. !59G0A ?@8H;8 ?@>;5B0@88 2A5E AB@0=, 8 2> 2A5E AB@0=0E @074C20NB 2A5 <KA;8<K5 8 =5<KA;8<K5 C3>;LO =5=028AB8. / CB25@640N, GB> A>F80;87< @>48;AO 87 =5=028AB8. C<0N, GB> MB> >G5=L B@C4=> 4>:07C5<>. >, 2>7<>6=>, =5A:>;L:> ;53G5 4>:070BL, B0: A:070BL, G8AB> B5E=8G5A:CN AB>@>=C MB>3> 2>?@>A0.  A0<>< 45;5: 2B>@K A>F80;L=>9 @52>;NF88 2> $@0=F88 1789 3>40 720;8  <0AAC =5=02845BL: 0@8AB>:@0B>2, B8@0=>2, :>@>;59, ?0=>2, >1;5=F, 8BB0, =3;8N, >AA8N, 68@>=48AB>2, 35@15@B8AB>2, 40=B>=8AB>2, 20=459F52, ;8>=F52, BC;>=F52  :>@>G5: 2A5E, :@><5 A0<8E A51O. 2B>@K A>F80;L=>9 @52>;NF88 2 >AA88 720;8 <0AAC =5=02845BL: M:A?;C0B0B>@>2, ?;CB>:@0B>2, <>=0@E>2, ?>?>2, 15;>320@459F52, '5@G8;;O, =3;8N, 5@<0=8N, !!(, 5@5=A:>3>, "@>F:>3>, CE0@8=0  B>-5ABL 2A5E, :@><5 A0<8E A51O. 2B>@K A>F80;L=>9 @52>;NF88 2 5@<0=88 720;8 <0AAC =5=02845BL: A>N7=8:>2, 45<>:@0B8N, ?;CB>:@0B8N, =3;8N, >AA8N, !!(, @5<>2F52, HB@09E5@>2F52, 52@552,  A;>2>< 2A5E, :@><5 A0<8E A51O. A5 >=8, :@><5 B>3>, 720;8 : B@02;5: 2@548B5;59, A01>B06=8:>2, 87<5==8:>2, C:;>=8AB>2 8 2A5E B5E, :>3> =082=0O B5@<8=>;>38O D@0=FC7A:>9 @52>;NF88 >?@545;O;0 AC<<0@=>, :0:  ?>4>7@8B5;L=KE . #G5=K5 <C68, >::C?8@CNI85 C=825@A8B5BA:85 :0D54@K, A:;>==K >?5@8@>20BL >1JOA=5=8O<8, :>B>@K5 AC<<0@=> <>6=> 1K;> 1K AD>@<C;8@>20BL B0::  3=52 =0@>40 . %>BO 4>2>;L=> >G5284=>, GB> =8 2 A5=BO1@LA:8E C189AB20E 2 0@865, =8 2 45OB5;L=>AB8 5AB0?>, =8 2 ?>42830E '- =8 :0:>9 =0@>4 =8:0:>3> CG0AB8O =5 ?@8=8<0;. >AB028< 2>?@>A =5A:>;L:> 8=0G5.  2;0AB8 ?@8H;0 A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O ?0@8O. =0  22>48B A>F80;87< . > B0: :0: 4065 8 5=8=C OA=>, GB> A@07C 8 =0 2A5 AB> ?@>F5=B>2 MB>3> A45;0BL =52>7<>6=>, B> A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O >B@020 405BAO 2 55, A:065<, 45AOB8?@>F5=B=>< @0AB2>@5. 5=8=, 25@>OB=>, 1K; A>25@H5==> C15645=, GB> C65 8 45AOB8?@>F5=B=K9 @0AB2>@ >:065B 1;03>45B5;L=>5 2;8O=85 =0 E>4 E>7O9AB25==>9 687=8 AB@0=K, GB> =0ABC?8B, ?CABL 8 =5 ?>;=>5, => E>BO 1K 45AOB8?@>F5=B=>5 >1;53G5=85 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E AB@040=89 G5;>25G5AB20. B0:, 22545=> 45AOBL ?@>F5=B>2 A>F80;87<0.  687=L AB0=>28BAO =0 4204F0BL ?@>F5=B>2 EC65. @8 =>@<0;L=KE G5;>25G5A:8E <>730E 8 ?@8 =>@<0;L=>9 G5;>25G5A:>9 A>25AB8, 745AL =C6=> 1K;> 1K >AB0=>28BLAO 8 =0G0BL ?@>25@OBL B5>@8N ?CB5< 0=0;870 ?@0:B8G5A:>3> M:A?5@8<5=B0. > B5>@88  1>;L=>5 :0?8B0;87<>< G5;>25G5AB2> 4>;6=> 1K ?>GC2AB2>20BL E>BL 8 =51>;LH>5, => 2A5-B0:8 >1;53G5=85. >B: A>F80;878@>20;8, 4>?CAB8<, 65;57=K5 4>@>38, 8 >=8, 2<5AB> B>3>, GB>1K @01>B0BL ;CGH5  AB0;8 @01>B0BL EC65. 0209B5 ?>A<>B@8<, 2 G5< BCB 45;>. > =5C40G0 A 45AOBLN ?@>F5=B0<8 8<55B B>;L:> >4=> ?>A;54AB285: 02B>@K ?5@52>@>B0 A3CI0NB @0AB2>@ 4> A>@>:0.  B0: 40;55 4> AB>?@>F5=B=>3>  B>B0;L=>3> A>F80;87<0  8B;5@ MB>3> =5 CA?5; ?@>45;0BL, !B0;8= C65 CA?5;. 5B =8:0:>3> A><=5=8O 2 B><, GB> 8 5=8=, 8 8B;5@ , 8 !B0;8= 1K;8 2?>;=5 8=D>@<8@>20=K > E>7O9AB25==KE 8 ?@>G8E ?>A;54AB28OE A>F80;87<0 2> 2A5E @0AB2>@0E. K <>65< A:070BL: 2A5 MB> 4>3<0B8:8, D0=0B8:8, B5>@5B8:8, AB>OI85 =0 3535;80=A:>9 B>G:5 7@5=8O:  B5< EC65 4;O D0:B>2 . > <>6=> ?>AB028BL 2>?@>A 8 A>2A5< A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K: 0 GB> 65 8< >AB05BAO 45;0BL? !:070BL  urbi et orbi  8728=8B5, A8BC095=K, B>20@8I8, 35=>AA5 8 :0<5@04K,  =0H D>:CA =5 C40;AO, =0H0 B5>@8O >:070;0AL =5 B>2>...  25@=CBL 65;57=K5 4>@>38 :0?8B0;8AB0<, 2;0ABL  M:A?;C0B0B>@0<, 687=L  - <8;;8>=0< ;N459, C65 C18BKE =0 ?CBOE : ?>1545 A>F80;87<0? -B>, @07C<55BAO, A>25@H5==> CB>?8G=>. -B> >7=0G0;> 1K A0<>C189AB2> =0C:8 8 B5>@88 =0C:8, ?0@B88 8 2>6459, ?>E>@>=K  =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=>3> 1C4CI53> , 0 B0:65 8 A2>8 A>1AB25==K5.  A;CG05 2K1>@0 <564C C189AB2>< 8 A0<>C189AB2><, ;N48 ?@54?>G8B0NB 2A5-B0:8 ?5@2>5.  B@5BL53> 2K1>@0 C =0G8=0B5;59 @52>;NF88  =5B. >MB><C-B> 8 84CB =587<5==K5 ?>8A:8 :;0AA>2>3> 8 2=5:;0AA>2>3> :>7;0 >B?CI5=8O.  @CAA:>< A;CG05 ?>8A:8 MB8 @072820;8AL ?> B0:>9 ;8=88: =C6=> A25@3=CBL ?@>:;OBK9 AB0@K9 @568<. !25@3;8. !B0;> EC65. C6=> A25@3=CBL 1C@6C07=>5 2@5<5==>5 ?@028B5;LAB2>. !25@3;8. !B0;> EC65. C6=> @0718BL >;G0:0, 5=8:8=0 8 ?@>G8E  @0718;8. C6=> ;8:2848@>20BL  :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:85 >AB0B:8 2 AB@0=5. 8:2848@>20;8. C6=> ;8:2848@>20BL :@5ABLO=AB2>  ?>G2C, 87 :>B>@>9 @>640NBAO :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:85 >B=>H5=8O  ;8:2848@>20;8. C6=> 8A:>@5=8BL B@>F:8ABA:8E D0H8AB>2  8A:>@5=8;8. C6=> @0AAB@5;OBL 1CE0@8=A:8E C:;>=8AB>2  @0AAB@5;O;8. C6=> @0718BL 35@<0=A:8E D0H8AB>2  @0718;8. C6=> @0718BL 0<5@8:0=A:8E <8;8B0@8AB>2  ?>:0 5I5 =5 @0718;8. , 2>B, 2 @57C;LB0B5 2A5E MB8E 2A5<8@=> 8AB>@8G5A:8E ?>154, ?>154>=>A=K9 B@C4OI89AO >AA88, =>GLN, 2>@><, ?@>18@05BAO =0 ?>;O, :>B>@K5 @0=LH5 :>@<8;8 ?>;-2@>?K  B0< :@045B :>;>ALO 8 70 :@06C 8E >B?@02;O5BAO =0 :0B>@6=K5 @01>BK.  MB><C B@C4OI5<CAO, 4065 8 A84OI5<C =0 :0B>@6=KE @01>B0E, 2;0ABL 3>2>@8B: 28=>20BK ?>A;54AB28O ?@>:;OB>3> AB0@>3> @568<0, ?>B5@8 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=K, A01>B06 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 035=BC@K  "@>F:89, CE0@8= 8 ?@>G85  28=>20BK =5<5F:85 D0H8ABK, 0<5@8:0=A:85 8<?5@80;8ABK, 8=B5;;835=BA:85 A01>B06=8:8, =5A>7=0B5;L=K5 @01>G85, 28=>20BK !, :@><5 !. C6=> =5=02845BL !%, :@><5 !. A5 MB>, :>=5G=>, <>6=> >1JOA=8BL 8 3>@074> ?@>I5. 48= 87 AB0 H0=A>2 =0 687=L  MB> >G5=L <0;>. > 2A5-B0:8 MB> 1>;LH5, G5< 2A5 AB> H0=A>2 =0 28A5;8FC. C6=> ?5@5BL 2 MB>B >48= H0=A.  MB>B >48= H0=A  >48= 8 548=AB25==K9  >1>7=0G05B 702>520=85 2A53> <8@0. 4=0:>, 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5, 8;;N7>@5= 8 MB>B H0=A.  B><, GB> :064K9 2>64L 2AO:>9 A>F80;L=>9 @52>;NF88 8;8 2AO:89 :0=4840B 2 2>648 3>2>@8; > 2AO:>< 8=>< 2>645 8;8 :0=4840B5 2 2>648 2AO:>9 4@C3>9 A>F80;L=>9 @52>;NF88  <>6=> 1K;> 1K A>AB028BL F5;CN =5?5G0B=CN M=F8:;>?548N. 7 ?@8=OBKE 2 ?5G0B8 M?8B5B>2 B0:>3> @>40, A0<K9 70<5G0B5;L=K9 1K; >1@0I5= ?> 04@5AC B.CE0@8=0:  7;59H89 2@03 @>40 G5;>25G5A:>3> . = 1K; =0?5G0B0= 2  0;>9 !>25BA:>9 -=F8:;>?5488 , :>B>@0O 2KH;0 3>40<8 B@5<O ?>765  >;LH>9 .   >;LH>9 !>25BA:>9 -=F8:;>?5488 CE0@8= 5I5 8<5=>20;AO 2>645< ?@>;5B0@80B0 8 CG5=8:>< 5=8=0. >B>< >= >:070;AO  7;59H8< 2@03>< @>40 G5;>25G5A:>3>  :>=:C@5=B>< !B0;8=0 2 1>@L15 70 ?@5AB>; !0B0=K. / =5 7=0N, :0: A59G0A >17K20NB 4@C3 4@C30 ;N< 8 ">@@57. < >1>8<, 25@>OB=>, >G5=L B@C4=>. >4 2=5H=8< ?>:@>2>< A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> 1>;LH8=AB20 2 ?0;0B5 45?CB0B>2, :>5-:0: 4>6820NB 4=8 A2>8 1C@6C07=0O ?>;8F8O 8 1C@6C07=K9 AC4. =8 =5 @07@5H0NB =5 B>;L:> @570BL, => 4065 8 A:25@=>A;>28BL. =8 A?0A0NB B>20@8I0 ;N<0 8 B>20@8I0 ">@@570, 8 B>20@8I59 ;N<0 8 B>20@8I59 ">@@570 >B 8E A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> A0<>8AB@51;5=8O. >;8F8O &0@A:>9 >AA88, 25@>OB=>, 1K;0 ?;>E0,  ;CGH59 O ?>:0 =5 2845;. > 2 G8A;5 55 =5<=>3>G8A;5==KE 70A;C3, 1K;0 8 B0:0O  4> A8E ?>@ 5I5 =5 >F5=5==0O B>20@8I0<8 2A5E AB@0=: >=0 70I8I0;0 8E 4@C3 >B 4@C30. =0 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 >B?@02;O;0 8E =0 8E ?0@B89=K5 :0=8:C;K 2 !818@L, => >=0 =5 4020;0 8< 2>7<>6=>AB8 =8 8AB@51;OBL, =8 4065 ?5G0B=> >A:>@1;OBL 4@C3 4@C30. >B>< ?>;8F8O CH;0. 'B> 1C45B 2> $@0=F88 ?>A;5 CE>40 55 1C@6C07=>9 ?>;8F88? .@8A?@C45=F8O ACI5AB2C5B BKAOG8 ;5B  8 N@8ABK 4> A8E ?>@ =5 <>3C 4>3>2>@8BLAO > B><, GB> 5ABL ?@02>. -B>, :>=5G=>, =5 <5H05B 8< =8 AC48BL, =8 4065 ?>;CG0BL 3>=>@0@K. > N@8A?@C45=F8O 5ABL >@30=8G5A:8 2K@>AH55 O2;5=85 687=8 8, :0: 2A5 >@30=8G5A:>5, B@C4=> ?>4405BAO :0:><C B> =8 1K;> >?@545;5=8N. !>F80;87< 65 5ABL B5>@8O, ?>AB@>5==0O A 70@0=55 >14C<0==>9 F5;LN 8 70@0=55 AD>@<C;8@>202H0O A2>9 8450;.  B@C40E :;0AA8:>2 A>F80;87<0 A>2@5<5==0O A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O 2@>?0 C65 CA?5;0 701KBL  5A;8 :>340 1K B> =8 1K;> 8 2>>1I5 7=0;0 8E. CH5G=>5 <OA> A53>4=OH=8E @52>;NF89 ?>28=C5BAO 2>64O< 8 ?@8=8<05B 8E D>@<C;8@>2:8. 5=ONBAO 2>648  <5=ONBAO 8 D>@<C;8@>2:8. ?@>G5<  4;O ?CH5G=>3> <OA0 @52>;NF88 8 =0 D>@<C;8@>2:8 ?;520BL. => A>AB>8B 87 ?@>ABKE 4CE>< ;N459, 2A5<C 2 <8@5 ?@54?>G8B0NI8E =>6.  B0:65 8 3>=>@0@K, =>6>< 4>1K205<K5. '5< 1K; 4;O D@0=FC7A:>3> O:>18=F0  1I5AB25==K9 >3>2>@ , G5< O2;O5BAO 4;O @CAA:>3> :><<C=8AB0  0?8B0; 8 4;O =5<5F:>3> =0F8AB0  09= 0<?D ? 8:B> 87 =8E =8G53> MB>3> =5 G8B0;. > 2A5 >=8 <>;G0;82> ?@87=0NB, GB> 3@018BL A 845>;>3859 2A5-B0:8 C4>1=55, G5< 3@018BL ?@>AB>  157 845>;>388. # :064>3> :><<C=8AB0 :@0AC5BAO =0 ?>;:5  0?8B0; , :0: C :064>3> =0F8AB0 :@0A>20;AO  09= 0<?D . > 8  0?8B0; 8  09= 0<?D  MB> 1K;8 >1O70B5;L=K5 ?@54<5BK 4><0H=59 ?0@B89=>9 >1AB0=>2:8.  ?@0:B8G5A:>9 45OB5;L=>AB8  8;8 5AB0?> >=8 =5 8<5;8 @>2=> =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O. >340 O 2?5@2K5 AB0; >14C<K20BL <KA;8, 87;>65==K5 2 MB>9 :=835, <>9 AK=, 1>;55, G5< O, 7=0:><K9 A C@>2=5< 70?04=>-52@>?59A:>3> :C;LBC@=>3> G5;>25:0, AB0; CB25@640BL, GB> C:070==K9 G5;>25: =5 8<55B, 2 A@54=5<, @>2=> =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O, GB> 5ABL A>F80;87<, 8, A;54>20B5;L=>, =5 1C45B 8<5BL =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O: ?@>B82 G53> 8<5==> =0?@02;5=K <KA;8 MB>9 :=838. / 2>7@060N: =5B, =5 <>65B 1KBL: 2@>?0, :C;LBC@0, D8;>A>DA:85 :0D54@K C=825@A8B5B>2, A>F80;-45<>:@0B8G5A:85 D@0:F88 ?0@;0<5=B>2:  4>;6=K 65 ;N48 7=0BL. 1O70=K 7=0BL. @0:B8:0 ;8G=>3> >7=0:><;5=8O A 52@>?59A:>9 :C;LBC@>9 ?>:070;0, GB> AK= 1K; ?@02.  ?@54AB02;5=88 A@54=53> :C;LBC@=>3> 52@>?59F0 A>F80;87< >7=0G05B B0:>9 >1I5AB25==K9 AB@>9, ?@8 :>B>@><  2A5 1C45B E>@>H> . 5 1C45B =8 1>30BAB20, =8 154=>AB8, =8 42>@F>2, =8 B@CI>1, =8 ?@>AB8BCF88, =8 7C1=>9 1>;8, =8 AK@>AB8, =8 =0;>3>2, =8 2>9=, 8 4065 @52>;NF89, 81> :0:0O 65 @52>;NF8O <>65B 1KBL ?@>B82 A>F80;87<0? >>1I5  1C45B E>@>H>. 5 1C45B =8:0:8E =5?@8OB=>AB59. 8:B> : 20< =5 1C45B ?@8AB020BL =8 A :0:>9 @01>B>9. A5 1C4CB 45;0BL <0H8=K.  <0H8=K 40AB 3>AC40@AB2>  C =53> C6 =0945BAO. -B> >?@545;5=85 O 704C<0;, :0: :0@8:0BC@C. > >:070;>AL D>B>3@0D859. <5@8:0=A:89 8AA;54>20B5;L, <-@ M= @8DD8AB, 2 A2>59 :=835  'B> 5ABL A>F80;87< ?@82>48B 261 (425AB8 H5ABL45AOB >4=>) >?@545;5=85 A>F80;87<0. 5<5F:89 8AA;54>20B5;L =0H5; 1K, 25@>OB=>, 1>;LH5, => 8 42CEA>B H5AB845AOB8 >4=>3> 2?>;=5 4>AB0B>G=>. 0 :@09=5< ;52>< D;0=35 MB8E >?@545;5=89 AB>8B =5:B> <-@ >CM=:  !>F80;87< 5ABL A25B 2> BL<5 C3=5B5==>3> G5;>25G5AB20, =045640 8 C?>20=85 2A5E =0@>4>2, E>7O9AB25==0O <C4@>ABL 8 @5;838>7=0O 45OB5;L=>ABL (practice) . / =5 7=0N, :B> B0:>9 <-@ >CM=  <>O M@C48F8O 4;O MB>3> =54>AB0B>G=0. = 3>2>@8B ?>GB8 181;59A:8< A;>3><:  A25B 2> ?@>A25I5=85 O7K:>2 8 A;020 ;N459 B2>8E, 7@08;L .  !>;>2:0E 8 0E0C >=, : A>60;5=8N, =5 A845;,  B>340  =04564 8  C?>20=89 C =53> >AB0;>AL 1K 7=0G8B5;L=> <5=LH5. 0 4@C3>< D;0=35 MB8E >?@545;5=89 A848B 02B>@, ?>65;02H89 >AB0BLAO =58725AB=K<:  A>F80;87< 5ABL AC@@>30B %@8AB0, ?@8=>@>2;5==K9 : :08=>2>9 ?A8E>;>388 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 8 ?>;8B8:8 . 0 B>< C@>2=5 ?>=8<0B5;L=KE A?>A>1=>AB59, :>B>@K9 =0E>48BAO 345-B> ?>A5@548=5 <564C  =04564>9 8 C?>20=85< , A >4=>9 AB>@>=K, 8  :08=>2>9 ?A8E>;>3859 , A 4@C3>9, 7040G8 A>F80;87<0 D>@<C;8@>20;8AL =5A:>;L:> >BG5B;8255: 70I8B0 8=B5@5A>2 B@C4OI8EAO <0AA. 8:0:8E <8;;8>=5@>2: :B> =5 @01>B05B, B>B =5 5AB. 0:>9-=81C4L $>@4 @01>B05B B0: <0;>, GB> B@C4OI8<AO ?@8E>48BAO 87=5<>30BL >B @01>BK.  ?>B@51;O5B AB>;L:> <OA0, :><=0B, 02B><>18;59 8 HB0=>2, GB> B@C4OI8<AO >AB0NBAO B>;L:> >1J54:8, B@CI>1K, B@0<208 8 ;>E<>BLO  ?@0240, 0<5@8:0=A:85 B@C4OI85AO >1J54:0<8 =5 ?8B0NBAO 8 2 ;>E<>BLOE =5 E>4OB. > 8<5==> B0:CN B>G:C 7@5=8O D>@<C;8@>20;0 @CAA:0O @52>;NF8>==0O ?5A=O: "2>8< ?>B>< 68@5NB >16>@K, "2>9 ?>A;54=89 :CA>: >=8 @2CB....>;>409, GB>1 >=8 ?8@>20;8, 'B>1 2 ?>ABK4=>9 83@5 18@652>9 !2>N A>25ABL 8 G5ABL ?@>4020;8, 'B>1 3;C<8;8AL ?>B>< =04 B>1>9. -B>  =5 >G5=L =0CG=>, => 2@07C<8B5;L=> 8 74>@>2>. >=OB=> :064><C A@54=5<C ?8B5:0=B@>?C: MB> $>@4K @2CB ?>A;54=89 :CA>: <OA0 87> @B0 3>;>4=>3> 0<5@8:0=A:>3> ?@>;5B0@8O  =0?@8<5@, <-@0 N8A0  ?@>40NB 2 ?>ABK4=>9 83@5 18@652>9 8 A2>N A>25ABL, 8 A2>N G5ABL, 8 ?>B>< 7;>@04=> 3;C<OBAO =04 A>F80;-A>3;0H0B5;LA:8<8 ?@>DA>N70<8... 0 B>< C@>2=5, :>B>@K9 =0E>48BAO GCBL-GCBL ?>2KH5 A@54=53> ?8B5:0=B@>?A:>3>   A>F80;87< 5ABL ?;0= . 0?8B0;87<, ?> <=5=8N ;N459 MB>3> C@>2=O, 5ABL E>7O9AB25==0O 0=0@E8O. > 8E 65 <=5=8N, G5;>25:, ?@>G8B02H89, 0 5I5 ;CGH5 =0?8A02H89 =5A:>;L:> B><>2 70254><>9 5@C=4K, :0A0NI59AO E>7O9AB25==>9 687=8 G5;>25G5AB20, 4>AB0B>G=> :><?5B5=B5= 4;O B>3>, GB>1K ?;0=8@>20BL ?@>872>4AB2> E;510 2 >AA88, 02B>  2 !!(, A5;8B@K  2 '8;8 8 5I5 <8;;8>=0 4@C38E 25I59 2 <8;;8>=5 4@C38E <5AB. -B>, 254L, B0: ?@>AB> ... N4O< B0:>3> B8?0 <KH;5=8O O 8 ?@82>48; ?@8<5@ .0;L70:0. 0;L70: 1K;, :>=5G=>, 25;8:8< ?8A0B5;5<. = @8A>20; A>2@5<5==K9 5<C M:>=><8G5A:89 1KB $@0=F88. "5E=8:C >1>30I5=8O A2>8E 35@>52 0;L70: 4>25; 4> 2KA>:>3> C@>2=O A>25@H5=AB20. 4=0:>: :>340 >= A0< ?KB0;AO ?5@5=5AB8 MBC B5E=8:C A 1C<038 A2>53> 2>>1@065=8O =0 B5@=8ABCN ?>G2C @50;L=>AB8  >= @07>@O;AO =587<5==> 8 A:0=40;L=>.  A=>20 A048;AO 70 ?5@>, GB>1K A2>8<8 ;8B5@0BC@=K<8 4>E>40<8 ?>:@KBL A2>8 ?@54?@8=8<0B5;LA:85 ?@>20;K. 0@; 0@:A A>25B>20; 87CG0BL 8AB>@8N B@5BL53> A>A;>28O 2> $@0=F88 ?> ?@>872545=8O< 0;L70:0.  GB> 5A;8 8 A0< 0@; 0@:A 8<5; > @50;L=>9 E>7O9AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 =5 1>;LH55 ?>=OB85, G5< =>@5 0;L70:? /,  =5 E>7O9AB25==8: 8 =5 ?@54?@8=8<0B5;L, A:;>=5= 4C<0BL, GB> ;N48 ?8HCI85 > E>7O9AB25, B0: 65 <0;> A?>A>1=K >@30=87>20BL 53>, :0: ;N48, ?8HCI85 > ;8B5@0BC@5  =0?8A0BL  >@>;O 8@0 8;8  >9=C 8 8@ . ;8, 5I5 ?@>I5 8 =03;O4=55,  :0: ;N48, ?8HCI85 >BG5BK > 1>:A5, 2KABC?0BL ?@>B82 ;8B5@0BC@=> 15A?><>I=>3> 5<?A5O.  MB>< ?>A;54=5< A;CG05, ?@8 =565;0=88 1KBL ?>18BK< 2 ?5@2KE 65 A5:C=40E ?5@2>3> @0C=40 B0:><C B5>@5B8:C 1>:A5@A:>3> ?;0=8@>20=8O >AB020;>AL 1K >4=>: 1@>A8BL 2AO:85 ?5@G0B:8 8 27OBLAO 70 =>6. 'B> =0 ?@0:B8:5 8 A45;0; B0:>9 02B>@8B5B 2 >1;0AB8 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 M:>=><88 8 =0@>4=>-E>7O9AB25==>3> ?;0=8@>20=8O, :0:8< 1K; ;048<8@ 5=8=. 7 2A5E 53> E>7O9AB25==KE ?;0=>2 4> A8E ?>@ =5 2KH;> @5H8B5;L=> =8G53>. > 2A5 MB8 ?;0=K 8 4> A8E ?>@ A 4>AB0B>G=K< CA?5E>< 70<5=O5B =>6. I5 =5A:>;L:8<8 MB060<8 2KH5  >18B0NB =>A8B5;8 <8@>2>9 A>25AB8. >2>@O =5A:>;L:> AE5<0B8G5A:8  =>A8B5;8 1K20NB A0;>==K5 8 1K20NB B@0:B8@=K5.  B8?C A0;>==KE <KA;8B5;59 >B=>A8BAO, ?>-2848<><C, <-@ 5@=0@4 (>C. -B> >4=0 87 A0<KE ;CGH8E, A?>:>9=KE 8 E>@>H> >?;0G8205<KE ?@>D5AA89 <8@0. > :@09=59 <5@5 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0  =575<=K5 8450;K =5 A?CA:0NBAO =0 3@5H=CN 75<;N. ">340 <MI>=>A8B5;O< A>25AB8 8 8450;>2<D> ?@>E>48BAO 8;8 M<83@8@>20BL 70 3@0=8FC 8;8 A048BLAO 2 !>;>2:8 8;8 0E0C, 8;8 :0OBLAO, :0: MB> 45;0;8 >I5=:8 8 ><10@BK. > =>A8B5;8 A>25AB8 8 8450;>2 AG8B0NB, GB> =0 8E 25: 4C@0:>2 E20B8B. 1KG=>  459AB28B5;L=> E20B05B. 4=0:>, ?@8 B5<?0E A>2@5<5==>9 ?>;8B8:8 MB>B @0AG5B >G5=L C6 7K1>:: <>65B 8 =5 E20B8BL. CAA:8<, 8B0;LO=A:8< 8 =5<5F:8< =>A8B5;O< <8@>2>9 A>25AB8 8 =575<=KE 8450;>2 2@5<5=8 =5A:>;L:> =5 E20B8;>. ;8: >=8 =5 @0AAG8B0;8 2@5<5=8. 5 E20B8;> 8 =0;8G=>3> 70?0A0 4C@0:>2. ;8: >=8 =5 @0AAG8B0;8 =0;8G=>3> 70?0A0 4C@0:>2. 4=0:>, ?@>D5AA8O =>A8B5;O A>25AB8 8 8450;>2  ?@8 2A59 381:>AB8 ?5@2>9 8 87<5=G82>AB8 2B>@KE  >AB05BAO 2A5-B0:8 2K3>4=>9 ?@>D5AA859  5A;8 C405BAO 55 701;03>2@5<5==K9 M:A?>@B 70 ?@545;K B5@@8B>@89, 345 A>25ABL ?>1548;0 8 8450;K @50;87>20;8AL. 7 @CAA:8E =>A8B5;59  MB8< ?> ?@56=5<C ?@><KH;O5B, =0?@8<5@, 5@4O52. 5 >G5=L >BAB05B >B =53>, :065BAO, 8 "><0A 0==. ">;L:> GB> 2  N=51C@35@ 0=45= F09BC=3 >B 27 8N=O 1947 3>40 O ?@>G5; 70<5B:C > =5<5F:>< =>A8B5;5 A>25AB8 8 8450;>2.  K;> >G5=L 8=B5@5A=>,  ?8H5B 3075B0 > ;5:F88 0==0 2 >=4>=A:>< C=825@A8B5B5  :0:CN B>G:C 7@5=8O 1C45B >BAB0820BL 0==, :>B>@K9 B0: G0AB> <5=O; A2>8 B>G:8 7@5=8O. = >:070;AO 25@5= B>9 4>:B@8=5, :>B>@>9 >= ?@8AO3=C; 2 ?>A;54=89 @07 . 0B5< 845B ?5@5G8A;5=85 1;C640=89 8 A<5=K 25E. >:0 GB> >=8 70:>=G8;8AL ?@52@0I5=85< O@>AB=>3> =5<5F:>3> H>28=8AB0 "><0A0 0==0 2 O@>AB=>3> 0<5@8:0=A:>3> ?0B@8>B0  B>3> 65 "><0A0 0==0. 075B0 <5;0=E>;8G5A:8 3>2>@8B:  A>1AB25==> MB> 8AB8==> =5<5F:89 A;CG09 . K, @CAA:0O M<83@0F8O, ?>;030;8, GB> MB>  8AB8==> @CAA:0O 8AB>@8O. >, <>65B 1KBL, :0: 8 2 2>?@>A5 > >AB>:5 8 0?045, =8 =5<FK, =8 @CAA:85 BCB @5H8B5;L=> =5 ?@8 G5<: MB> 2>?@>A =5 =0F88, MB> 2>?@>A ?@>D5AA88.  1>;LH8=AB25 A;CG052 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=0O ;>2:>ABL MB8E ;N459 >:07K205BAO 4>AB0B>G=>9, GB>1K C=5AB8 8E =>38 >B @50;870F88 8E 65 8450;>2 8 25;5=89 8E 65 A>25AB8.  70I8BC @CAA:8E =>A8B5;59 <>3C B>;L:> A:070BL, GB> 4> C@>2=O "><0A0 0==0 87 =8E, :065BAO, =5 A?CAB8;AO =8:B>  =8:B> =5 >B:070;AO >B A2>59 @>48=K. >A8B5;8 A>25AB8 <5=ONB A2>N =>HC, :0: ?@028;>, 157 >A>1>3> =0?@O65=8O 7045@6820NI8E F5=B@>2  <>@0;L=KE 8 D878G5A:8E. , 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5, 2K83@K20NB <0;>. CAA:8<8 =>A8B5;O<8 A>25AB8 8 AB@>8B5;O<8 A>F80;87<0 ?5@5?>;=5=K :>=F5=B@0F8>==K5 ;035@O !!! , ?>;C:>=F5=B@0F8>==K5 ;035@O ?>:>9=>9 #  -K 8 15725AB=K5 <>38;K 2 G@572KG09:0E 2A5E 284>2 8 =08<5=>20=89. > 2> 2A5E MB8E <5AB0E, :@><5 =>A8B5;59 8 AB@>8B5;59, 381=CB 8;8 A84OB B0:65 8 <8;;8>=K 4@C38E ;N459, =5 8<5NI8E @5H8B5;L=> =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O =8 : =>A8B5;LAB2C, =8 : AB@>8B5;LAB2C.  @57C;LB0B5 45OB5;L=>AB8 2A5E MB8E =>A8B5;59 8 AB@>8B5;59, 2 3>;>20E A@54=59 B@C4OI59AO <0AAK 52@>?59A:>3>  25@>OB=> B0:65 8 0<5@8:0=A:>3>  =0A5;5=8O >1@07>20;0AL A>25@H5==59H0O ?CB0=8F0 ?>=OB89 8 ?@54AB02;5=89.  >1I5<, ?@8E>48BAO ?@87=0BLAO, GB>  =045640 8 C?>20=85  ?@8 2A59 =5OA=>AB8 MB>9 D>@<C;8@>2:8, O2;O5BAO =081>;55 >1I5?@8=OBK< >?@545;5=85< A>F80;87<0. !>F80;87< 5ABL, 2A5-B0:8, =52K@078<> ?@5:@0A=>5 1C4CI55.  2AO:89, :B> ?@>B82 A>F80;87<0  ?@>B82 MB>3> 1C4CI53>, >=, A;54>20B5;L=>, 5A;8 8 =5 2A5340 ?@5ABC?=8:, B> 2A5340 2@03. <5==> B0:8< 2@03>< >:070;AO 8 O ?> >B=>H5=8N : >G5=L 4>1@>?>@O4>G=><C =5<5F:><C @01>G5<C, A :>B>@K< O ?>7=0:><8;AO 2 15@;8=A:>9 BN@L<5 5AB0?>. =, ?> 53> A;>20<, 1K; AB0@K< A>F80;-45<>:@0B><, B>-5ABL G;5=>< B>9 ?0@B88, :>B>@CN =K=G5 ?0A5B 4-@ (C<0E5@. = :>340-B>  O =5 ?><=N, :>340 8<5==>  M<83@8@>20; 87 5@<0=88 2 !!(, 0 87 !!( 2 1938 3>4C 25@=C;AO 4><>9: 2 AB@0=C AB@>OI53>AO A>F80;87<0. 0AB>OI53> A>F80;87<0: ?> 53> ?@>A25I5==><C <=5=8N, 2 >AA88, ?@8 55 :C;LBC@=>< C@>2=5, =0AB>OI53> A>F80;87<0 1KBL =5 <>3;>.  A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 5@<0=88 53> ?>A048;8 A@07C  B>G=> B0: 65, :0: A@07C 1K ?>A048;8 8 2 4@C3>9, ?>=0AB>OI5<C A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 AB@0=5. 45AL, 2 5@<0=88, <>9 A>15A54=8: >1=0@C68;, GB> 2 !!( @5H8B5;L=> 2A5 ;CGH5, G5< 2 5@<0=88. "0<, 2 !!(, >= 70@010BK20; A5<L 4>;;0@>2 2 45=L. 0 MB8 A5<L 4>;;0@>2 >= <>3 :C?8BL B>-B> 8 B>-B>. <5; 4><8:. B:;04K20;. >3 3>2>@8BL, GB> C3>4=>, 8 45;0BL 1>;55 8;8 <5=55, GB> C3>4=>. 45AL 5<C ?;0B8;8 <5=LH5 A5<8 <0@>:, =0 :>B>@K5, :@><5 B>3>, B@C4=> 1K;> GB>-=81C4L 4>AB0BL. 5;0BL <>6=> B>;L:> B>, GB> ?@8:07K20NB 45;0BL, 0 3>2>@8BL 8 2>2A5 =5;L7O: 2>B >=, =5<5F, @01>G89 8 A>F80;8AB, ?>?KB0;AO ?@>2>48BL ?0@0;;5;L <564C A5<LN 4>;;0@0<8 2 !!( 8 A5<LN <0@:0<8 2 "@5BL5< 09E5, 8 53>, =5<F0, @01>G53> 8 A>F80;8AB0, =5<5F:0O, @01>G0O =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O ?0@B8O ?>2048;0 2 BN@L<C  345 >=, 2>B, 8 A848B C65 B@8 3>40. >9 A>15A54=8: ?@>H5; >A=>20B5;L=CN ?0@B89=CN ?>43>B>2:C, 53> <>738 1K;8 2K28E=CBK >:>=G0B5;L=>. 7 A@02=5=8O >1I5AB25==KE ?>@O4:>2 2 !!( 8 2 "@5BL5< 09E5 <>9 @01>G89 2K25; B0:>5 70:;NG5=85: =0AB>OI89 A>F80;87<  MB> 2 !!(: A5<L 4>;;0@>2, 3>2>@8, GB> E>G5HL, ?>ABC?09, :0: E>G5HL, 2 BN@L<C <>6=> ?>?0ABL B>;L:> ?> AC4C,  =5B, =0AB>OI89 A>F80;87<  MB> B>;L:> 2 !!(.  745AL, 2 "@5BL5< 09E5,  B>;L:> :0?8B0;87<. @>202K9, ?@>:;OBK9 8 ?@>G55  => :0?8B0;87<. / ?KB0;AO 4>:070BL <>5<C A>B>20@8IC ?> A>F80;8AB8G5A:8< ?5@56820=8O<, GB> =0AB>OI89 A>F80;87<  MB> 2 !!!  8 2 5@<0=88.  GB> 2 !!( A84OB B0:85 65 =0AB>OI85 :0?8B0;8ABK: AB>@>==8:8 G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K, 0?>AB>;K A2>1>4=>9 B>@3>2;8, :0?8B0=K ?@><KH;5==>AB8 8 2>>1I5 B0:85 4O48, :>B>@KE 745AL 2 2@>?5, ?> <5@5 2>7<>6=>AB8, >B?@02;ONB =0 B>B A25B. >O 4@C610 A A>F80;8AB8G5A:8< @01>G8< =0 MB>< 8 :>=G8;0AL. 065BAO, >= ?@8=O; <5=O ?@>AB>-=0-?@>AB> 70 ?@>2>:0B>@0. = =8:0: =5 <>3 A>2<5AB8BL 2 A2>59 ?0@B89=>9 3>;>25 A>F80;87<0 A 3>;>4>< 8 :0?8B0;87<0 A AKB>ABLN. / B>;L:> ?>B>< A>>1@078; 4>2>;L=> ?@>ABCN 25IL: 4;O 2A5E MB8E ?0@B89=KE 8 15A?0@B89=KE AB04 A0<K9 72C:  A>F80;87<0 A2O70;AO A> 2AO:8<8  =045640<8 8 C?>20=8O<8 .  2AO:>5 =0?><8=0=85 > :0?8B0;87<5  A 3815;LN 2AO:8E =04564 8 2AO:8E C?>20=89. "5@<8=  :0?8B0;87< 2J5;AO 2 A>7=0=85, :0: =5GB> 3=CA=>5, @50:F8>==>5, 15AG5;>25G=>5:  :@>202K9 :0?8B0;87< ,  0:C;K :@>202>3> :0?8B0;87<0 ,  M:A?;C0B0F8O G5;>25:0 G5;>25:><  A;>2><:  B2>8< ?>B>< 68@5NB >16>@K, B2>9 ?>A;54=89 :CA>: >=8 @2CB . 015;8 8 0CBA:85, (C<0E5@K 8 ">@@57K, ;5E0=>2K 8 5@4O52K, (>C 8 #M;;LAK  240;1;820;8 MB> ?@54AB02;5=85 ;5B AB> ?>4@O4. => 2J5;>AL 2 A>7=0=85. 0:, A 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K, 2J5;0AL  =045640 8 C?>20=85 .  2>B  ?@85E0; G5;>25: A  =04564>9 8 C?>20=85< 8, A;020 "515, >A?>48, A848B 2 BN@L<5: G53> C6 =03;O4=55? / @0AA:07K20; 5<C > 4@C38E B0:8E 65 G5;>25:0E, ?@85E02H8E A B0:8<8 65 =045640<8 8 C?>20=8O<8 2 B0:CN 65 AB@0=C B0:>3> 65 =0AB>OI53> A>F80;87<0  8 B>65 ?>?02H8E 2 B0:CN 65 BN@L<C. 01>G89 A<>B@5; =0 <5=O A B0:8< 284><, :0: 1C4B> 2A5 E>B5; A?@>A8BL: 0 A:>;L:> B515, AC:8=><C AK=C, :0?8B0;8ABK 70?;0B8;8 70 B2>N ?@>2>:0F8N? 0@B89=> B@5=8@>20==0O 3>;>20 >:070;0AL =0?>;=5==>9 B0:8< 274>@><, GB> =8 4;O :0:8E D0:B>2 2 =59 <5AB0 C65 =5 =0H;>AL. !>F80;87< 4>;65= 1KBL A25B;K<, 0 :0?8B0;87< 4>;65= 1KBL :@>202K<.  5A;8 A25B 2 !!(, 0 :@>2L 2 "@5BL5< 09E5, B> MB> <>65B 7=0G8BL B>;L:> >4=>: =0AB>OI89 A>F80;87<  MB> 2 !!(. ! MB8< B25@4K< C15645=85< <>9 A>15A54=8: B0: 8 ?>:8=C; BN@L<C: 53> ?5@5?@028;8 2 :>=F5=B@0F8>==K9 ;035@L. ...;O :0:>3>-B> <=5 =58725AB=>3> ?@>F5=B0 70?04=>-52@>?59A:8E ?@>;5B0@852,  B@C4OI8EAO A0;>==KE A=>1>2, B@0:B8@=KE ?@>?>254=8:>2, 701;C4H8E 8=B5;;835=BA:8E 4CH 8 ?@>G53> 2 MB>< @>45 B5@<8=K  A>F80;87< 8  :0?8B0;87< AB0;8 G5<-B> 2@>45 <038G5A:8E 70:;8=0=89: ?@87K2 A25B;KE A8; 8 >1>@>=0 >B B5<=KE.  8<5NB B>G=> B0:>9 65 ;>38G5A:89 A<KA;, :0: 8 2AO:>5 70:;8=0=85. B=8<8B5 C ;N459 A>F80;87<  >=8 ;8H0NBAO  =04564K 8 C?>20=8O ,  =04564K  =5 206=>, =0 GB> 8<5==>, => 2A5-B0:8 =04564K. !:068B5 8< >  :0?8B0;87<5 , 8 8< 1C45B <5@5I8BLAO 3@>1>20O :@KH:0:  >AB02LB5 2AO:85 =04564K 2A5, 2E>4OI85 AN40 .  04564K 240;1;820;8AL ;5B BKAOG8 425  >B ;0B>=0 4> !B0;8=0.  ;N48, :>B>@K5 =0 ;8G=K5 A2>8 A8;K =045OBLAO =8:0: =5 <>3CB, 2>7;030NB C?>20=8O A2>8 =0 B5 =0682:8, :>B>@K<8 A=0165=K C4>G:8 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=KE @K1>;>2>2 2 <CB=KE 2>40E 3>@>4A:>3> 4=0. 04 4>2>;L=> <0AA82=K< A;>5< ;N459, >45@68<KE A=>187<><, =082=>ABLN, ?>3>=59 70 >@838=0;L=>ABLN 8;8, ?@>AB>, ?0@B89=>9 70@01>B=>9 ?;0B>9, 2>72KH05BAO >G5=L B>=:0O 8 >G5=L 2;8OB5;L=0O ?@>A;>9:0 ;N459, :>B>@K5 A>25@H5==> B>G=> 7=0NB, G53> 8<5==> >=8 E>BOB. =8 E>BOB 2;0AB8. >7<>6=>, GB> :>5-:0:85 8458 8 83@0NB 745AL :>5-:0:CN @>;L, =>, 2>7<>6=>, GB> =8:0:85 8458 745AL =5 83@0NB @>2=> =8:0:>9 @>;8. $@0=FC7A:85 <8=8AB@K ?>A;54=8E 45AOB8;5B89 =0G8=0;8 A2>8 ?>;8B8G5A:85 :0@L5@K B@0:B8@=>9 ?>;8B8:>9 A0<>3> =5C<5@5==>3> A>F80;87<0. !B0=>2OAL ?0@;0<5=B0@8O<8, >=8 ?@52@0I0;8AL 2 C<5@5==KE A>F80;8AB>2. >;CG0O <8=8AB5@A:85 ?>@BD5;8 8 2<5AB5 A =8<8, 4>ABC? : 10=:>2A:8< AG5B0<, >=8 >:07K20;8AL B0:8<8 65 3@5H=K<8 AB>@>==8:0<8 G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8, :0: 8 <K 2A5 , >AB0;L=K5. $8@<0 8=>340 <5=O;0AL. > 8=>340 =5 <5=O;0AL 4065 8 D8@<0. "0:, D@0=FC7A:0O ?0@B8O  @048:0;-A>F80;8AB>2 , B>-5ABL :@09=8E, @048:0;L=KE A>F80;8AB>2, =0 ?@0:B8:5 >:070;0AL G8AB> :>=A5@20B82=>9 ?0@B859, ?>GB8 :>=B@@52>;NF8>==>9. "@C4=> A:070BL, :0:0O 8<5==> 845O @C:>2>48;0 ?>;8B8G5A:8<8 :0@L5@0<8 MB8E ;N459.  1K;0 ;8 >=0 2>>1I5?  =0A:>;L:> ?@02K ?@8=F8?80;L=> ?>A;54>20B5;L=K5 @CAA:85 :><<C=8ABK, >17K20O A2>8E D@0=FC7A:8E B>20@8I59 ?@>406=K<8 >??>@BC=8AB0<8, ;0:5O<8 :0?8B0;87<0, 87<5==8:0<8 A2OBK< 8450;0< !>;>2:>2 8 C1O=:8? > 2AO:>< A;CG05, 7=0G8B5;L=0O G0ABL 70?04=>-52@>?59A:8E A>F80;8AB>2 C4>2>;LAB2>20;0AL  ?@>3@0<<>9 <8=8<C< : B>9 G0ABLN ?@8102>G=>9 AB>8<>AB8, :>B>@0O 2;570;0 2 8E A>1AB25==K5 :0@<0=K. E =5<5F:85 8 2 >A>15==>AB8 @CAA:85 548=>25@FK ?>H;8 7=0G8B5;L=> 40;LH5. @>E8, ?0402H85 A :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8E AB>;>2, 8E =5 CAB@0820;8. =8 ?@8H;8 : =0AB>OI59 2;0AB8.  MB0 =0AB>OI0O 2;0ABL A A>25@H5==59H59 ;>38G5A:>9 =587156=>ABLN ?@825;0 : A>740=8N B>B0;8B0@=KE @568<>2. 1>, 5A;8 B>B0;8B0@=K9 @568< 2>7<>65= 8 157 A>F80;87<0 (0?>;5>= 8;8 $@0=:>), B> A>F80;87< 157 B>B0;8B0@=>3> @568<0 5ABL B0:0O 65 ;>38G5A:0O =5;5?8F0, :0: ?@>E;048B5;L=K9 :8?OB>:, A0?>3 2A<OB:C 8;8 15A:@>2=0O @52>;NF8O. "5@<8= ?@52@0B8;AO 2 =0682:C 8 2 70:;8=0=85.  A>7=0B5;L=K9 8;8 15AA>7=0B5;L=K9, =0<5@5==K9 8;8 4065 2K=C645==K9 >1<0=. C1;8:0 :;N5B B>;L:> =0 A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN =0682:C. 'B> 45;0BL ?>;8B8:C  2 >A>15==>AB8 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=><C ?>;8B8:C, 4065 =5 A:;>==><C =8 : :0:8<  =045640< 8 C?>20=8O< ?  "0: 8 CE>48BL 4><>9 A ?CABK<8 @C:0<8? 045205B A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN =0682:C 8 >=. "0: 2>7=8:0NB ?0@B88,  2@>45 @048:0;L=>-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 2> $@0=F88 8;8 E@8AB80=A:>-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 2 5@<0=88 8;8 =0@>4=>-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 2 >AA88,  @07C<55BAO 2 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 >AA88. > 5A;8 >B1@>A8BL 2 AB>@>=C 2A5 70:;8=0=8O, =0682:8, 1;C4, >1<0=, 8 A0<>>1<0=, B> ACI=>ABL A>F80;87<0 A>25@H5==> OA=>, B>G=> 8 15AA?>@=> C:;04K205BAO 2 BC D>@<C;8@>2:C, :>B>@CN 5<C 40NB 2A5 :;0AA8:8 A>F80;87<0, >B, A:065<, ;0B>=0, 4>, A:065<, 0@:A0. "0:>9 7=0B>: M:>=><8G5A:8E B5G5=89, :0: ?@>D. ><10@B, D>@<C;8@C5B:  !>F80;87< 5ABL E>7O9AB25==0O A8AB5<0, >A=>20==0O =0 >1I5AB25==>< 2;045=88 75<;59 8 A@54AB20<8 ?@>872>4AB20 . A5 ;N48, AB>OI85 =0 MB>9 B>G:5 7@5=8O  8 5ABL =0AB>OI85 A>F80;8ABK, :0:85 1K B0:B8G5A:85 @07=>3;0A8O 8E =5 @0745;O;8. "0:B8G5A:85 65 @07=>3;0A8O A2>4OBAO : 42C< 2>?@>A0<: :>340 8 :0:? ><<C=8ABK 3>2>@OB: A59G0A 8 @52>;NF8>==K< ?CB5<. $0180=FK 3>2>@OB: G5@57 ?OBLA>B ;5B 8 ?0@;0<5=B0@=K< ?CB5<. "0:B8G5A:0O A;01>ABL 2A5E D0180=A:8E, C<5@5==KE 8 ?@>G8E 15A:@>2=KE A>F80;8AB>2 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> =5 2AO:89 ?@>;5B0@89, :>B>@><C A 8AB8==> =0CG=>9 B>G=>ABLN 1K; >15I0= 75<=>9 @09, A>3;0A8BAO 640BL MB>3> @0O ?OBLA>B ;5B. 094CBAO ;N48, :>B>@K5 ?@54?>GBCB ?5@5A5;8BLAO 2 MB>B @09 702B@0 65,  5A;8 C6 A53>4=O =8:0: =5;L7O. 094CBAO 2>648, :>B>@K5 ?>>15I0NB ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 702B@0H=89 @09.  B>< A>F80;8AB8G5A:>< A>@52=>20=88, > :>B>@>< O C65 3>2>@8;,  2 A>@52=>20=88 =0 2;0ABL 8 =0 A:>@>ABL, =587<5==> ?>15640NB B5 ?0@B88 8 2>648, :>B>@K5 30@0=B8@CNB =52K@078<> 1;065==CN 687=L 8<5==> , 0 =5 <>5<C ?@02=C:C. 0:>5 45;> 8AB8==><C ?@>;5B0@8N 4> 53> ?@02=C:>2?  1C4CB >B1@>H5=K B5  A>3;0H0B5;8 , :>B>@K5, @074@07=82 ?@>;5B0@8O ?@54AB>OI8< 5<C ?8@>< 1>3>2, C15@CB 8 70:CA:C 8 2K?82:C 87-?>4 A0<>3> =>A0:  2A5 MB>, :>=5G=>, =0CG=> =587156=>,  => B>;L:> G5@57 ?OBLA>B ;5B. #<5@LB5 20H8 0??5B8BK 8 ?>4>648B5 ?OBLA>B ;5B! 5;L7O >1860BLAO =0 ;N459, :>B>@K5 >B:07K20NBAO 640BL ?OBLA>B ;5B. A>15==> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 MB8 ;N48 284OB, GB> 8E 25;5@5G82K5 2>648 A0<8 B> ?OBLA>B ;5B 640BL =5 AB0;8 8 ?>:0 GB> ?@8AB@>8;8AL : :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8< B5:CI8< AG5B0<. >648 D0180=A:>3> B8?0 >15I0NB 75<=>9 @09  => =58725AB=> :>340, 8 =58725AB=>, :0:8<8 A?>A>10<8. !>F80;8ABK :>=B8=5=B0;L=>3> B8?0 >15I0NB 53> =0 702B@0 8 ?CB5< @57=8: <8=CB=0O >?5@0F8O ?> M:AB@0:F88 :0?8B0;8AB>2. AO B@03548O, >4=0:>, 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> =0AB>OI0O @57=O =0G8=05BAO 8<5==> ?>A;5 M:AB@0:F88 :0?8B0;8AB>2. 8@>=48ABK 2> $@0=F88, A>F80;8ABK 2 >AA88, A>F80;-45<>:@0BK 2 5@<0=88  2A5 >=8 CH;8 157 1>O  E>BO 8=>340 ?> 4>@>35 8 >AB028;8 A2>8 3>;>2K. =8 A1@>A8;8 A2>8 2>;GL8 H:C@K 8 ?>;>68;8AL  >4=8 =0 1KAB@>BC =>3, 4@C385 =0 <8;>ABL ?>1548B5;O. >38 >:070;8AL =0 ?@0:B8:5 =0456=55: ?>1548B5;8 =5 ?@>O28;8 =8:0:>9 <8;>AB8 =8 ?> GL5<C 04@5AC: =8 >15A?L5@, =8 !B0;8=, =8 8B;5@. "5 87 10@0=>2, :>B>@K5 2G5@0 A1@>A8;8 2>;GL8 H:C@K, 0 A53>4=O ?8HCB <5<C0@K, 8 702B@0 1C4CB  >=8 8;8 8E ?>B><:8  ?8A0BL ?>;=K5 A>1@0=8O A>G8=5=89  ?5@5G8A;O;8, ?5@5G8A;ONB 8 1C4CB ?5@5G8A;OBL ?>;8B8G5A:85 >H81:8 ?>1548B5;59. "0:  =54>AB0B>G=> B0;0=B;82K5 ?8HCI85 ;N48 =0E>4OB AB8;8AB8G5A:85 >H81:8 2  >9=5 8 8@5 , =54>AB0B>G=> ?@>428=C2H85AO 2>5==K5 A?5F80;8ABK  AB@0B538G5A:85 >H81:8 0?>;5>=0 8 ?>;8B8:8 A0;>==KE 8 B@0:B8@=KE AB>;8:>2  ?>;8B8G5A:85 >H81:8 25;8:8E 2>6459 25;8:8E @52>;NF89. !59G0A >A>15==> 2 <>45 ?5@5G8A;OBL >H81:8 38B;5@>2A:>9 8 AB0;8=A:>9 ?>;8B8:8. N1>9 ?5@54>28: ;N1>9 A>2@5<5==>9 3075BK 8E <>65B ?5@5G8A;8BL ?> ?0;LF0<, 5A;8 C =53> E20B8B =0 MB> ?0;LF52. >?@>1C5< CAB0=>28BL ?>ABC;0B: 2A5 MB>  =5 >H81:8, 0 =587156=>ABL. >?@>1C5< ?@54AB028BL A515, GB> 2 ?>;8B8G5A:>9 >1;0AB8, =0?@8<5@, !B0;8=, =8:0: =5 3;C?55 A@54=53> ?5@54>28:0 A@54=59 :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:>9 3075BK. 'B> >= 8=D>@<8@>20= 15A:>=5G=> ;CGH5 MB>3> ?5@54>28:0 8 GB> 5A;8 >= ?>ABC?05B 8<5==> B0:, 0 =5 8=0G5, B> C =53> 4;O MB>3> 5ABL >A=>20=8O, ?5@54>28:C, <>65B 1KBL, 8 2>2A5 =58725AB=K5.  5ABL ?>;8B8G5A:89 >?KB, :0:>3> ?5@54>28:C 4065 8 =5 A=8;>AL.  GB> 5A;8 0?>;5>= H5; =0 >A:2C, 8B;5@ @07@K20; 4>3>2>@K, 0 !B0;8= A@K205B !>25B 57>?0AB=>AB8, B> MB> 2>2A5 =5 ?>B><C, GB> 2A5 B@>5 =5 8<5;8 1K =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O >1 >?0A=>AB8 B0:>9 ?>;8B8:8  0 ?>B><C, GB> >?0A=>AB8, 2KB5:0NI85 87 >B:070 >B 8<5==> B0:>9 ?>;8B8:8, 1K;8 1K 157<5@=> 1>;LH5 >?0A=>AB59 @8A:0, 45@70=8O, 020=BN@K 8;8 2>9=K. G5=L B@C4=> A515 ?@54AB028BL, GB>1K B>20@8I !B0;8=, :>B>@K9 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=> 70=8<05BAO ?>;8B8:>9 2>B C65 ?OBL45AOB ;5B 8 87 =8E 4204F0BL ?OBL ;5B 70=8<05B ?>AB 01A>;NB=>3> 2;0AB8B5;O >4=>9 87 A0<KE 25;8:8E AB@0= <8@0,  GB>1K MB>B !B0;8=  2 53> A>1AB25==>9 ?>;8B8:5 ?>=8<0; 1K <5=LH5, G5< ?>=8<0;8 >15A?L5@, 0?>;5>=, CAA>;8=8 8 8B;5@, G5< 2 =59 ?>=8<0NB ?5@54>28:8 45<>:@0B8G5A:>9 ?@5AAK 8;8 ?>;8B8:8 B@0:B8@=KE 8 A0;>==KE AB>;8:>2. >6=>, :>=5G=>, >1JOA=8BL 2A5 MB> 8 ?;>E8< E0@0:B5@>< MB>9 big five. > B>340 2>7=8:05B 5AB5AB25==K9 2>?@>A: ?>G5<C 65 =0 ?>ABK 2>6459 E@>=8G5A:8 ?>?040NB ;N48 A ?;>E8< E0@0:B5@>< 8 ?>G5<C =8 >4=>3> 87 =8E =8G5<C =5 CG8B >?KB 8E ?@54H5AB25==8:>2? >?@>1C5< ?>AB028BL 2>?@>A =5A:>;L:> 8=0G5: :064K9 87 2>6459 2545B BC ?>;8B8:C, :>B>@>9 B@51C5B >B =53> 2K428=C2H89 53> A;>9. >64L =5 <>65B >?5@5BLAO =8 =0 :0:CN 8=CN 3@C??C ;N459, 81> 2 A2>59 1>@L15 70 2;0ABL  A2>N 8 MB>3> A;>O  >= C65 CA?5; 4>AB0B>G=> =0A>;8BL >AB0;L=K< 3@C??0< 8 A;>O< =0A5;5=8O AB@0=K.  4@52=5< 8<5 2@5<5= 8<?5@0B>@>2 8 2 >AA88 2@5<5= 8<?5@0B@8F, ?@02OI89 A;>9 A=0160; 8E =5>3@0=8G5==>9 2;0ABLN 8 1>65AB25==K<8 ?@8;030B5;L=K<8.  >B?@02;O; =0 B> A25B, :>340 8<?5@0B>@K 8 8<?5@0B@8FK ?KB0;8AL C9B8 >B :>=B@>;O 320@488. =8 <>3;8 1KBL  1>65AB25==K<8 8  25;8:8<8 . > >=8 68;8 ?>4 25G=>9 C3@>7>9 C189AB20. >AA89A:0O :0B5@8=0  5;8:0O 27>H;0 =0 ?@5AB>; ?CB5< F0@5C189AB20 8 2AN 687=L ?@>25;0 2 AB@0E5, GB> 8 55 C1LNB. 065 ;N1>2=K5 A2O78 55 1K;8 ?>4G8=5=K 8725AB=><C A>F80;L=><C 70:07C.   ?@02OI89 A;>9 =5 40@>< A;C68; <>;51=K ?> ?>2>4C 2>AH5AB28O =0 :@>20BL >G5@54=>3> D02>@8B0. !>F80;L=K9 A>AB02 ?@5B>@80=AB20 1K;, :>=5G=>, @07;8G5=.  8<5 MB> 1K;0, B0: A:070BL,  8=B5@=0F8>=0;L=0O 1@83040 .  >AA88 MB> 1K;> A@54=55 42>@O=AB2>.  A>2@5<5==KE @52>;NF8OE 2K428305BAO 8=>9 A;>9 ?@5B5=45=B>2 =0 2;0ABL, 8 2 B0:8E ?5@54>2KE AB@0=0E, :0: !>25BA:0O >AA8O, MB>B A;>9 CA?5; >?@545;8BLAO A 15AA?>@=>9 G5B:>ABLN. -B> 5ABL A;>9 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 1N@>:@0B88. 'B> 5ABL 1N@>:@0B8O? !>F80;87< 5ABL >1>1I5AB2;5=85 A@54AB2 ?@>872>4AB20 8 75<;8. -B> 5ABL >A=>2=>9 8 @5H0NI89 ?C=:B 53> M:>=><8G5A:>9 ?@>3@0<<K. @8 =5:>B>@>< 70?0A5 @50;8AB8G=>AB8 8 G5AB=>AB8, MB>B ?C=:B A;54>20;> 1K A@540:B8@>20BL ?@8<5@=> B0:: C=:B ?5@2K9.  A5 D01@8:8 8 702>4K, 8<5=8O 8 D5@<K, <03078=K 8 <0AB5@A:85, B> 5ABL 2A5 <5AB0 8 2A5 >@C48O G5;>25G5A:>3> B@C40 >B=8<0NBAO >B 8E G0AB=KE 2;045;LF52 8 ?5@540NBAO 2 @C:8 1N@>:@0B88 . "0:>9 ?C=:B, A0<> A>1>N @07C<55BAO, =52>7<>65=  81> >= >7=0G0; 1K 2A5>1I55 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>5 A0<>C189AB2>. 8 >4=0 A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O ?0@B8O =5 <>65B A:070BL, GB> >=0 ?;0=8@C5B ?5@540GC 2A53> =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20  0, A;54>20B5;L=>, 8 2A59 =0@>4=>9 687=8  2 @0A?>@O65=85 1N@>:@0B88. !>F80;87<, 2848B5 ;8, ?5@5405B 2A5 MB> 2 @C:8  =0@>4C ,  >1I5AB2C ,  =0F88 ,  3>AC40@AB2C , 4=0:>, A>25@H5==> >G5284=>, GB> =0@>4, >1I5AB2>, =0F8O 8 3>AC40@AB2> 5ABL 01AB@0:F88, 0 01AB@0:F88, :0: 8725AB=>, =8 @C:, =8 =>3 =5 8<5NB. 8 =0@>4, =8 >1I5AB2>, =8 =0F8O, =8 3>AC40@AB2> =8G5< C?@02;OBL =5 <>3CB: <>3CB C?@02;OBL B>;L:> ;N48, =07=0G5==K5 =0@>4>< 8 ?@>G8<8 01AB@0:F8O<8. > B>;L:> ;N48, 0 =5 01AB@0:B=K5 ACI5AB28B5;L=K5. -B8 ;N48 <>3CB 1KBL ?;>E8 8 <>3CB 1KBL E>@>H8, => 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE  >1>1I5AB2;5=8O >=8 1C4CB =05<=K<8 A;C60I8<8, 3>AC40@AB25==K<8 =05<=K<8 A;C60I8<8  B> 5ABL G8=>2=8:0<8. ;8, ?5@52>4O MB>B B5@<8= =0 O7K: >1I552@>?59A:>9 B5@<8=>;>388  1N@>:@0B0<8. >A:>;L:C O <>3C AC48BL, =0 2A5E 52@>?59A:8E O7K:0E B5@<8=  1N@>:@0B ?@8=O; O2=> ?>=>A8B5;L=K9 E0@0:B5@. 0 AB0@>< @CAA:><  4> 1917 3>40  O7K:5 B5@<8=  G8=>2=8: =>A8; OA=> 2K@065==>5 >A:>@18B5;L=>5 7=0G5=85 8 >1@>A @O4>< A8=>=8<>2 8 M?8B5B>2, 25@>OB=>, =8 =0 :0:>9 4@C3>9 O7K: =5?5@52>48<KE.  '5;>25: 4204F0B>3> G8A;0 ,  G8=>4@0; ,  G8=CH0 ,  G8=>2=8GLO 4CH0 ,  G8=>2=8GL5 >B=>H5=85 : 45;C . @54?>;030;>AL, GB> >A=>2=K5 ?A8E>;>38G5A:85, 04<8=8AB@0B82=K5 8 ?@>G85 :0G5AB20  G8=>2=8:0 ?@8ACI8 5<C B>;L:> 8 8A:;NG8B5;L=>, :0:  ?@8A;C6=8:C ?@>:;OB>3> AB0@>3> @568<0 . >B><  ?>O28;AO =>2K9, 1;03>A;>25==K9 @568<. @54?>;030;>AL, GB> A A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> =510 =0 =0A A20;8BAO <0==0. :070;>AL  A20;8;8AL 1C;K6=8:8, :0: ?@8 8725@65=88 57C28O. 7 =0H59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?5@A?5:B82K ?>:>9=8: 3>@>4>2>9 ?@8>1@5; 0=35;LA:85 >G5@B0=8O, :>B>@KE >=, 2 ACI=>AB8, =5 8<5;. >;C?>4?>;L=0O ?>M78O  ?5@5E>4=>3> ?5@8>40 2A?><=8;0 > 3>@>4>2><, :0: > ?>B5@O==>< @05:  @0=8;AO ;L O A =5C3><>==K< 20=L:>9, ;L =>GLN 1@5; ?> C;8F5 A B@C4><, 5 BK ;L <=5 1K; 70ABC?=8:>< 8 =O=L:>9, 5 BK ;8 <=5 C:07K20; <>9 4><... 07=>:0;815@=0O 8 2A5A>A;>2=0O @CAA:0O M<83@0F8O 8<55B 5I5 =51K20;K9 2 8AB>@88 >?KB @07=KE 1N@>:@0B89  1C45B >G5=L 60;L, 5A;8 MB>B >?KB 15AA;54=> ?>381=5B 4;O G5;>25G5AB20 8 53> 8AB>@8:>2, 4;O D8;>A>D>2 8 A>F8>;>3>2,  0 B0:65 8 4;O =>2KE ?@>65:B>@>2 =>2KE 1N@>:@0B8G5A:8E D>@<0F89. 0?@8<5@,  4;O ?@>@>:>2 B5E=>:@0B88. -B>B >?KB =C6405BAO, :>=5G=>, 2 A?5F80;L=>< 8AA;54>20=88. >B <K, B> @CAA:>5 ?>:>;5=85, :>B>@><C A59G0A 50 ;5B, ?><=8< 5I5 F0@A:>3> 1N@>:@0B0, :>B>@K9 A8<2>;878@C5BAO AB0@>@568<=K< 3>@>4>2K<. >B>< ?@8H;0 =5A:>;L:> ?CB0==0O 8 >G5=L :@0B:>2@5<5==0O  =5?>A;54>20B5;L=>-A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O 1N@>:@0B8O B0: =07K205<>9 :5@5=I8=K. >B><  2 M?>EC 3@0640=A:>9 2>9=K, 2>7=8:0;8 A0<K5 @07=>>1@07=K5 1N@>:@0B88 >:@08==>3>  15;>320@459A:>3> B8?0. >B>< 2>7=8:;0 ?>A;54>20B5;L=> A>F80;8AB8G5A:0O 1N@>:@0B8O @07=KE M?>E A>25BA:>9 8AB>@88. >B>< O, =0?@8<5@, ?@0:B8G5A:8 87CG0; 1N@>:@0B88: $8=;O=488, >;LH8, >;30@88, $@0=F88, 5@<0=88 <8@=>3> 2@5<5=8 8 5@<0=88 2>5==>3> 2@5<5=8.  1945-48 3.3. <K 87CG0;8 B@5EMB06=CN 8 =5A:>;L:> 8=B5@=0F8>=0;L=CN 1N@>:@0B8N, 2 >A=>2=>< A:>=AB@C8@>20==CN 87 >::C?0F8>==KE 2;0AB59, =5<5F:>3> G8=>2=8G5AB20 8 B5E 2K42865=F52, :>B>@K5 04<8=8AB@8@CNB 2 ;035@OE 8-8. !59G0A, ?> A@02=5=8N A> 2A5<8 =8<8,  3>@>4>2>9 :065BAO 459AB28B5;L=> 0=35;><-E@0=8B5;5<.  87 2A53> @07=>>1@078O ?5@568B>9 =0<8 1N@>:@0B88  >::C?0F8>==0O B@5EMB06=0O >:070;0AL, 5A;8 =5 A0<>9 EC4H59, B> 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05, =081>;55 15AA<KA;5==>9. !>25BA:0O 1N@>:@0B8O >G5=L ?;>E0  => >=0 2 >1I5< 7=05B, GB> 8 70G5< 45;05B. ::C?0F8>==0O =5 =0 <=>3> ;CGH5, => >=0 2>>1I5 =8 > G5< =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O =5 8<55B. , AB>O ?5@54 :0:8<-=81C4L  >@783 5@:5 , >=0  =5 7=05B GB> ?>G0BL , 27@K20BL 8;8 >BAB@0820BL? !@02=OBL A ;8F>< 75<;8 8;8 70=OBLAO @0AH8@5=85<? !53>4=O ?@>5:B8@C5BAO 27@K2, 702B@0  @0AH8@5=85. @8G5< A;CG05BAO B0:, GB> 425 25B28 >4=>3> 8 B>3> 65 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>3> 0??0@0B0 459AB2CNB >4=>2@5<5==>, => ?> @07=K< ?@54?8A0=8O<  >4=0 27@K205B, 0 4@C30O >BAB@08205B. ;8  >4=0 >BAB@08205B, 0 4@C30O 27@K205B. !@54=89 =5<5F 278@05B =0 2A5 MB> A GC2AB2>< >:>=G0B5;L=>3> =5?>=8<0=8O:  B0: 2>B MB> 2A5 8 =07K205BAO 45<>:@0B859? -BC >G5=L :>@>B:CN 8 1574>:070B5;L=CN A?@02:C O ?@82>6C B>;L:> 4;O B>3>, GB>1K CAB0=>28BL 5I5 >48= 8AE>4=K9 ?C=:B: 1N@>:@0B8O 5ABL O2;5=85 AB>;L 65 8=B5@=0F8>=0;L=>5, :0: 8 B>B0;8B0@=K9 @568<. !59G0A 0=3;89A:0O ?@5AA0 1>@5BAO A 1N@>:@0B87<><, 8 2  "09<A5 O ?@>G5; >1JO2;5=85, :>B>@>5 4;O <5=O 1K;> 8A?>;=5=> 70E20BK20NI53> 8=B5@5A0: >1JO2;5=85 >1I5AB20 1>@L1K A 1N@>:@0B87<><. K, @CAA:85, 2 MB>< >B=>H5=88 >?5@548;8 =3;8N ;5B =0 B@84F0BL: B0:>3> @>40 >1I5AB20, ?> 8=8F80B825 5=8=0, 1K;8 2 !!!  >A=>20=K 2 A0<>< =0G0;5 @52>;NF88.  402=> C65 ?@5AB0;8 ACI5AB2>20BL. 07C<55BAO, 2>2A5 =5 ?>B><C, GB> >1J5:B 1>@L1K A 1N@>:@0B87<>< ?@5:@0B8; 1KB85 A2>5. , ?@>AB>, ?>B><C, GB> AB02 2;0ABLN  >= C6 =8:><C A A>1>N 1>@>BLAO =5 ?>72>;8;. !B0@>@568<=K9 3>@>4>2>9 =0< =5 =@028;AO. "5?5@L, 2 ?5@A?5:B825 45AOB:>2 ;5B 8 ?5@5;><=KE M?>E 2 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20, <K <>65< B@572> >F5=8BL =5>F5=8<K5 ?@58<CI5AB20 MB>3> 3>@>4>2>3>.  A0<KE >A=>2=KE G5@B0E >=8 A>AB>O;8 2 B><, GB> 0) >B 3>@>4>2>3> 1K;> :C40 C4@0BL 8 1) >B =53> <>6=> 1K;> >B:C?8BLAO. N@>:@0B =>@<0;L=>3>, =538?5@B@>D8@>20==>3>  @568<0 =5 25745ACI 8 =5 2A5>1J5<;NI. ABL >1;0AB8 G5;>25G5A:>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, :>B>@K5 53> =8:0: =5 :0A0NBAO. = =5 :>=B@>;8@C5B  2K?>;=5=8O E>7O9AB25==>3> ?;0=0 , =5 @C:>2>48B =8 ;8B5@0BC@>9, =8 <C7K:>9 8 =0 =53> 5ABL :><C 60;>20BLAO: 3075B0<, >1I5AB25==><C <=5=8N 8 4065 ?0@;0<5=BC. N@>:@0B A53>4=OH=8E 2@5<5=  ?> :@09=59 <5@5 2 1>;LH59 G0AB8 2@>?K  @C:>2>48B E>7O9AB25==>9 687=LN, F5=7C@8@C5B ?@5AAC 8 :8=>, 2K405B ?0A?>@B0 8 287K  2 >1I5< >?@545;O5B  ?@02> =0 E>7O9AB25==>5 ACI5AB2>20=85 8 4065 =0 ACI5AB2>20=85 ?@>AB>. A5E MB8E ?@58<CI5AB2 AB0@K9 1N@>:@0B =5 8<5;. B AB0@>3> 1N@>:@0B0, ?> ?0B@80@E0;L=>AB8 2@5<5=, <>6=> 1K;> >B:C?8BLAO ?>;B8==8:><. -B>B ?>;B8==8: 1K;, :>=5G=>, <MI>27OB:>9<D>. =, :>=5G=>, =5 >4>1@O;AO =8:0:8<8 70:>=>40B5;LAB20<8 <8@0 8 4> A8E ?>@ =8:0:>5 70:>=>40B5;LAB2> <8@0 5I5 =5 87>1@5;> A?>A>10 8A:>@5=5=8O 27OB:8. =0 1K;0 8 >=0 >AB0;0AL. 07=8F0 B>;L:> 2 B><, GB> A53>4=OH=OO 27OB:0 O2=> ?@52KH05B =0HC ?;0B565A?>A>1=>ABL. >-?5@2KE, ?>B><C, GB> <K >154=5;8 4> :@09=>AB8 8, 2>-2B>@KE, ?>B><C, GB> 1N@>:@0B @07<=>68;AO 4> B0:>9 65 :@09=>AB8. ;O B>3>, GB>1K =5 1KBL 2?>;=5 3>;>A;>2=K<, O ?@8254C 4>:C<5=B0;L=CN A?@02:C.   8@BH0DBA-&09BC=3 >B 13 8N=O 1947 3>40 ((BCBB30@B) ?><5I5=0 >G5=L B@52>6=0O AB0BLO >  0ABCI59 N@>:@0B88 .  =59 ?@82545=K >D8F80;L=K5 AB0B8AB8G5A:85 40==K5. 7 =8E O2AB2C5B, GB> : 0?@5;N 1947 3>40 >1I55 :>;8G5AB2>  A;C60I8E 2 1@8B0=A:>9 8 0<5@8:0=A:>9 7>=5 4>AB83;> F8D@K 2 1.439.300 G5;>25:   A;C60I8E 65;57=KE 4>@>3, ?>GBK, ;5A=>3> 254><AB20, 4>@>6=>3> 8 2>4=>3> C?@02;5=8O, A>F80;L=>3> >15A?5G5=8O 8 >1I5AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 (DD5=B;8E5 5B@815).   8=>AB@0==KE A;C60I8E. A;8 ?@8=8<0BL 2> 2=8<0=85 >BACBAB2CNICN F8D@C A;C60I8E  2>H54H8E 2 AB0B8AB8:C  8@BH0DBA-&09BC=3 , B> <>6=> ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> >1I55 :>;8G5AB2> 1N@>:@0B88 4>;6=> 4>E>48BL ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 4> 42CE <8;;8>=>2 G5;>25:.  42CE >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=0E 6825B >:>;> 35 <8;;8>=>2 =0A5;5=8O  2 7=0G8B5;L=>9 AB5?5=8 1565=A:>3>, B>-5ABL A ?@5>1;040=85< 65=I8=, AB0@8:>2 8 45B59 =04 27@>A;K<8 <C6G8=0<8. C6A:>3> =0A5;5=8O 2 MB8E 42CE 7>=0E <5=LH5 15 <8;;8>=>2. 7@>A;>3> @01>B>A?>A>1=>3> <C6A:>3> =0A5;5=8O <8;;8>=>2 A5<L. !> 2AO:8<8 ?>?@02:0<8 =0 BI5BC 2AO:>9 AB0B8AB8:8, <>6=> 2A5-B0:8 :>=AB0B8@>20BL, GB> =0 B@8-?OBL 27@>A;KE @01>B=8:>2 AB@0=K ?@8E>48BAO ?> :@09=59 <5@5 >48= 1N@>:@0B. >65B 1KBL MB> 1K;> 1K 5I5 =5 B0: :0B0AB@>D8G=>, 5A;8 1K MB>B 1N@>:@0B =5 ?;>48;AO 1K 8 =5 <=>68;AO. 0==K5  8@BH0DBA-&09BC=3 >B=>AOBAO : =0G0;C 1947 3>40. -B8 40==K5 C:07K20NB =0 @>AB 1N@>:@0B88 ?> A@02=5=8N A 1938 3>4>< =0 54%  ?@8G5< 2 F8D@C 1938 3>40 2E>48;8 0@<8O 8 ?0@B8O, =K=5 =5ACI5AB2CNI85. "0: GB> A;54C5B ?@54?>;030BL, GB> A>1AB25==> 1N@>:@0B8G5A:89 0??0@0B, =5 2>5==K9 8 =5 ?0@B89=K9, 0 ?@>AB> 1N@>:@0B8G5A:89, 2K@>A A <><5=B0 &C70<<5=1@CE0 @070, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, 2 420. > 8 MB> 5I5 =5 :>=5F. > F8D@0< B>9 65 3075BK, A O=20@O ?> 0?@5;L 1947 3>40 1N@>:@0B8G5A:89 0??0@0B 2K@>A 5I5 =0 24%  =0 >4=C G5B25@BL 70 G5B25@BL 3>40. -B> ?@81;878B5;L=> A>>B25BAB2C5B C42>5=8N 2 >48= 3>4. AB0B8: @CAA:85 @50:F8>==K5 <KA;8B5;8 ?@54C?@5640;8 >1 MB><. .. >70=>2 =5704>;3> 4> @52>;NF88 ?8A0;:  !>F80;87< 70:;NG05BAO 2>2A5 =5 2 B><, GB>1K >B =5<=>38E >B=OBL 8 >B40BL <=>38<, 0 2 B><, GB>1K =0 H5N >4=>3> B@C4>;N1F0 ?>A048BL G5BK@=04F0BL 40@<>54>2, :>B>@K5 C?@074=8BL A51O =5 404CB ( ?02H85 8ABLO ). @81;878B5;L=> BC 65 <KA;L =0 4=OE 2KA:070; 4>2>;L=> <0;>3@0<>B=K9 =5<5F:89 @5<5A;5==8::  MB> >G5=L ;53:>  @0725AB8 1N@>:@0B0, 0 ?>B>< ?>?@>1C9B5 53> C3@>18BL . #3@>18BL A51O 1N@>:@0B =5 40AB. ;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, ?>AB0@05BAO =5 40BL. =5, 25@>OB=>, A:06CB, GB> ?>;>65=85 2 70?04=KE >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=0E =5 8<55B =8G53> >1I53> A A>F80;87<><. / 65 AG8B0N, GB> A B>G:8 7@5=8O 87CG5=8O A>F80;87<0 =5 :0: B5>@88, 0 :0: O2;5=8O  B>-5ABL =5 A D8;>A>DA:>9, 0 A G8AB> =0CG=>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, >?KB 1@8B0=A:>9 7>=K 5@<0=88 4>;65= 1K; 1K 8<5BL, B0: A:070BL,  2A5<8@=>-8AB>@8G5A:>5 7=0G5=85  745AL, :065BAO, 548=AB25==K9 @07 2 8AB>@88 <8@0, A>F80;87< @>48;AO 02B><0B8G5A:8. CB5<, B0: A:070BL, A0<>?@>872>;L=>3> 70@>645=8O. ::C?0F8>==K9 A>F80;87<  >AA88, 2>AB>G=>9 5@<0=88, 5=3@88, >;LH5 8 ?@>G8E B0:8E AB@0=0E, A>F80;8AB8G5A:89 AB@>9 2 53> @07=KE >BB5=:0E 8 20@80=B0E, 2>7=8: =0 >A=>25 70@0=55 A?;0=8@>20==>9 B5>@88.  1@8B0=A:>9 7>=5 5@<0=88 >= @>48;AO, B0: A:070BL, A;CG09=>, =5?@54CA<>B@5==>, <>6=> A:070BL, =5>6840==> 8 4065 =570<5B=>. ">B AB>9, :>B>@K9 =K=G5 ACI5AB2C5B 2 MB>9 7>=5, =8:B>, :065BAO, =5 =07K20; A>F80;8AB8G5A:8< AB@>5<. 8345 =5 1K;> A:070=> > 70:>=>40B5;L=>< 22545=88 A>F80;87<0. 8:B> 745AL, :065BAO, 4065 8 =5 ?>4>7@5205B, GB> >= 8<55B AG0ABL5 68BL ?@8 ?@0:B8G5A:8 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>< AB@>5, ;8H5==K< B>;L:> >4=>3>: A2>59  845>;>38G5A:>9 =04AB@>9:8 . 0?><=N >A=>2=>5 B@51>20=85 2AO:>3> A>F80;87<0: >1>1I5AB2;5=85 A@54AB2 ?@>872>4AB20. ">-5ABL  ;8:2840F88 G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>AB8 =0 A@54AB20 ?@>872>4AB20. ;8  5I5 8=0G5  ;8:2840F8O G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K. 1>, 5A;8 20H8 A@54AB20 ?@>872>4AB20 8 1C4CB >AB02;5=K, :0: 20H0 G0AB=0O A>1AB25==>ABL, 0 @0A?>@O60BLAO MB8<8 A@54AB20<8 2K ?@020 =5 ?>;CG8B5, B> 20H0 G0AB=0O A>1AB25==>ABL >AB0=5BAO B>;L:> B5>@5B8G5A:>9. '0AB=0O A>1AB25==>ABL 157 ?@020 @0A?>@O60BLAO 5N  ?5@5AB05B 1KBL G0AB=>9 A>1AB25==>ABLN. =0 C65 ?@8 8B;5@5 B0O;0 =570<5B=> 8 =5C:;>==>. 5<FK ?>=8<0;8 MB> :0: 2@5<5==>5 O2;5=85, >1CA;>2;5==>5 2>9=>9. >340 2>9=0 @CE=C;0, B> ?@54?@8=8<0B5;8, ?><5I8:8, 4><>2;045;LFK, @5<5A;5==8:8 8 ?@>G85, A :>B>@K<8 <=5 ?@8E>48;>AL @073>20@820BL, 1K;8 >?LO=5=K ?@542:CH5=85< A2>8E 1C4CH8E  45<>:@0B8G5A:8E  E>7O9AB25==KE A2>1>4. < 2A5<, 4065 8 =0AB@>5==K< 2 ?>;L7C 8B;5@0 8 53> @568<0,  1N@>:@0B 2A5 B0:8 =04>5; 4> G5@B>2>9 <0B5@8. "5?5@L  A>N7=8:8 02B><0B8G5A:8 2KH81;8 53> 2>=. >=5G=>, A>N7=8:8 1C4CB 3@018BL =0A, =5<F52, :0: ;8?:C. >=5G=>,  >?OBL 1C4CB @5?0@0F88, :>=B@81CF88, @5:2878F88 8 2A5 B0:>5. > <K, =5<FK, @01>B0BL ;N18< 8 @01>B0BL C<55<! K 2A5 MB> >BAB@>8< 2 B@8-?OBL ;5B. >5-:B> ?>3@0<>B=55 ?@82>48; 4065 8 @CAA:CN ?>3>2>@:C > B><, GB> =5<5F >157LO=C 2K4C<0;. =8, =5<FK, C6 2K4C<0NB! =8 87 :>68 2K;57CB 2>=, => =0 =>38 >=8 AB0=CB. ><5I8:8, 4><>2;045;LFK, 8=65=5@K, @5<5A;5==8:8, D01@8:0=BK  2A5 >=8 3>@5;8 2AO:8< G0AB=>?@54?@8=8<0B5;LA:8< M=BC7807<><. "5?5@L  2A5 >=8 ?>BCE;8. >A;5 >G5=L :>@>B:>3> 8 1C@=>3> ?5@8>40 <5GB0=89 > A2>1>4=>9 8=8F80B825, ?@8H;8 >::C?0F8>==K5 2;0AB8 8 A:070;8: ?>4>648B5.  >1JOB8O >::C?0F8>==KE 2;0AB59 A@07C E;K=C; 45:;0AA8@>20==K9 8 157@01>B=K9 M;5<5=B AB0@>9 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 1N@>:@0B88, =>2>9 ?@>AB> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9, 45<>18;87>20==KE 2>5==KE, @07>@5==KE B>@3>2F52, 157@01>B=KE ?@8:07G8:>2 8 2AO:>3> B0:>3> =5?@8:0O==>3> ;N40.  B5G5=85 =5A:>;L:8E <5AOF52 1K; A:>;>G5= 0??0@0B 2;0AB8, :>B>@K9 =8:><C @01>B0BL =5 40;. ::C?0F8>==0O 2;0ABL 5ABL, :>=5G=>, 2;0ABL 1N@>:@0B88,  2>5==>9 8;8 HB0BA:>9  MB> 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 157@07;8G=>. "0 1N@>:@0B8O, :>B>@0O ?@8H;0 A ?>154>=>A=K<8 0@<8O<8 A>N7=8:>2, =5 8<5;0 =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O =8 > :0:>< E>7O9AB25, > =5<5F:>< 2 G0AB=>AB8 8 2 >A>15==>AB8. =0, :@><5 B>3>, =5 8<5;0 =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O, GB> 8<5==> =04;568B 59 45;0BL. 7@K20BL ;8 702>4K 8A:CAAB25==>3> C4>1@5=8O, 8 ?>B>< :>@<8BL =5<F52 70 A2>9 A>1AB25==K9 AG5B? ;8 ?@54>AB028BL 702>40< @01>B0BL, 0 =5<F0<  5ABL A>1AB25==K9 E;51? !;54C5B ;8 B>?8BL 35@<0=A:89 @K10G89 D;>B  8 ?>B>< 22>78BL @K1C 87 (>B;0=488 8 >@25388? ;8 ?@54>AB028BL =5<F0< 2>7<>6=>ABL 5ABL A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 C;>2K? >?@>A>2 B0:>3> B8?0 1K;8 BKAOG8. B25B>2 =0 =8E =5B 8 4> A8E ?>@. 5<FK ;N1OB 8 C<5NB @01>B0BL. @><5 B>3>, =5<FK ;N1OB ?>@O4>: 8 70:>=. =8 48AF8?;8=8@>20=K 8 70:>=>?>A;CH=K. !59G0A, =04> ?>;030BL, 2AO:>5 C2065=85 :> 2AO:><C 70:>=C 2K25B@8;>AL =0 45AOB:8 ;5B. > 2 <><5=B &C70<<5=1@CE0 <=5 ?@8H;>AL =01;N40BL AF5=:C, :>B>@0O, 25@>OB=>, =8 2 :0:>9 8=>9 AB@0=5 =5<KA;8<0. 0;5=L:89 3>@>4>: ?>:8=CB =5<5F:8<8 G0ABO<8 8 53> >1AB@5;8205B A>N7=0O 0@B8;;5@8O  =0 2AO:89 A;CG09. BABC?82H0O =5<5F:0O 0@B8;;5@8O >1AB@5;8205B B>B 65 3>@>4>:, ?@54?>;030O, GB> A>N7=8:8 C65 B0<. >@>4>: 3>@8B. !=0@O4K @2CBAO. @5ABLO=5 8 :@5ABLO=:8, =0 25;>A8?540E 8 B5;56:0E 257CB ?>4;560I55 A40G5 <>;>:> 2 <5AB=CN <0A;>1>9=N. ;0AB8, :>B>@0O 8740;0 MB>B ?@8:07  C65 =5B. > ?>@O4>: 2A5-B0:8 4>;65= 1KBL.  ?5@2K5 <5AOFK >::C?0F88, :0:>9-B> ?@58A?>;=5==K9 8=8F80B82K 4O4O, ?@8:070; @C18BL ?;>4>2K5 A04K: 75<;O, 45, 1C45B =C6=0 4;O :0@B>H:8. 5<FK @C18;8 A04K  =5 2A5 =5<FK 8 =5 2A5 A04K, => 2A5-B0:8 @C18;8. > A>25@H5==> B0:8< 65 A>>1@065=8O< =5<FK  4>1@>A>25AB=> 8 BI0B5;L=>  63;8 2A5 =0 ?CBOE A2>53> >BABC?;5=8O: 2> $@0=F88, 8 2 >AA88, => B0:65 8 2 5@<0=88: ?@8:07 5ABL ?@8:07.  B>B, :B> ?@8:07K205B, 4>;65= C6 7=0BL A2>5 @5<5A;>. "5?5@L A MB>9 ?A8E>;>3859, :065BAO, ?>:>=G5=>.  =0 4>2>;L=> 4>;3>5 2@5<O. B0:: >?>@=>9 B>G:>9 >::C?0F8>==>3> A>F80;87<0 2 1@8B0=A:>9 7>=5 O28;8AL =5 A>F80;8ABK, 0 1N@>:@0BK.  =5 A2>8, 0 >::C?0F8>==K5. =8 ?@8H;8 87 :0=04A:8E ;5A>2, 87 ;>=4>=A:8E :>=B>@, 87 =>2>75;0=4A:8E D5@<, 8 >=8 =8 > G5< 2 E>7O9AB25==>9 687=8 5@<0=88 =5 8<5;8 =8:0:>3> ?@54AB02;5=8O. > 2G5@0H=89 :;5@: 87 !8B8 8;8 >2G0@L 87 28=A;5=40  AB0;8 :0?8B0=0<8 8;8 4065 ?>;:>2=8:0<8, >=8 ?>;CG8;8 2;0ABL :07=8BL 8;8 <8;>20BL, @07@5H0BL 8;8 70?@5I0BL, 27@K20BL 8;8 AB@>8BL. :>;> =8E A59G0A 65 A>740;0AL ?@>A;>9:0 ?5@52>4G8:>2 8 ?>A@54=8:>2, :>B>@K5 1K;8 708=B5@5A>20=K B>;L:> 2 42CE 25I0E: 2 ?09:5 8 2> 27OB:5. >:@C3 MB>3> F5=B@0 A 8AB8==> <>;=85=>A=>9 1KAB@>B>9 2K@>A;8 2AO:85 C?@02;5=8O, A>25BK, 1N@>, :0=F5;O@88 8 ?@>G55. A5 >=8 :>=2C;LA82=> AB0;8 ?;0=8@>20BL: MB> 1K;> 548=AB25==>5, GB> 8< >AB020;>AL 45;0BL. @81;878B5;L=> G5@57 ?>;3>40 ?>A;5 =0G0;0 >::C?0F88 687=L 1K;0 A?;0=8@>20=0 4> 4=0. 01>B0BL =5 AB0;> =8:0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8. "5 :>=:@5B=K5 ?@8<5@K, :>B>@K5 O A>18@0NAL ?@825AB8  1C4CB, :>=5G=>, <5;:8<8 ?@8<5@0<8. 5;>, >4=0:>, 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> E>7O9AB25==0O 687=L AB@0=K  2AO:>9 AB@0=K  >?@545;O5BAO =5 35@>8G5A:8<8 ?>42830<8, =5 AB0E0=>2A:8<8 4>AB865=8O<8, =5 ?OB8;5B=8<8 8;8 G5BK@5E;5B=8<8 ?;0=0<8 8 =5 45:;0<0F859 >1 MB8E ?;0=0E  >=0 >?@545;O5BAO <8;;80@40<8 <0;5=L:8E CA8;89 A>B5= <8;;8>=>2 <0;5=L:8E ;N459. -B0 687=L, :0: MB> >B<5B8;0 4065 8 D8;>A>D8O  @07=>>1@07=0 4> :@09=>AB8. N1>9 G5;>25: 87 A>B5= <8;;8>=>2, ?>4G8=5==KE ?;0=C 8 1N@>:@0B88  <>65B ?@825AB8 4@C385 45AOB:8 4@C38E ?@8<5@>2. -B> 1C4CB B>65 <5;:85 ?@8<5@K. >, ?><=>65==K5 =0 45AOBL, =0 AB>, =0 B@8AB0 <8;;8>=>2  MB8 <5;:85 ?@8<5@K 2K@0AB0NB 2 E>7O9AB25==CN :0B0AB@>DC  2>B 2@>45 B>9, :0:CN E@>=8G5A:8 ?5@568205B !!! , 8;8 B>9, :>B>@CN A59G0A ?5@568205B 5@<0=8O. >6=>, :>=5G=>, A:070BL: E>7O9AB25==0O :0B0AB@>D0 5@<0=88 2K@>A;0 87 55 2>5==>9 :0B0AB@>DK. ;O !!!  >B?0405B 8 MB> A>>1@065=85. 45AL, 2 !!! , E>7O9AB25==K9 @0720; =5?>A@54AB25==> 8 ?@O<> A2O70= A B>9 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>9 48:B0BC@>9, :>B>@0O 2 !!!  =07K205BAO 48:B0BC@>9 ?0@B88.  >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=0E =8:0:>9 ?0@B89=>9 48:B0BC@K =5B  5ABL ?@>AB> 1N@>:@0B8G5A:0O.  :0:85 1K >?@0240=8O =8 ?@82>48BL 55 687=8 8 45OB5;L=>AB8  >AB05BAO 2=5 2AO:>3> A><=5=8O >48= 8 @5H0NI89 D0:B: 2 B5G5=85 ?>GB8 B@5E ;5B MB>9 48:B0BC@K 35@<0=A:>5 E>7O9AB2>, 2<5AB> :0:>3> 1K B> =8 1K;> ?>4J5<0, =587<5==> :0B8BAO 2=87. 0:CN-B> G0ABL MB>3> ?045=8O <K 8<55< ?@02> ?5@5;>68BL =0 ?;5G8 <564C=0@>4=>3> ?>;>65=8O 8 ?@>G8E AB8E89=KE ?@8G8=. > A>25@H5==> OA=>: 5A;8 =04 :064K<8 B@5<O B@C4OI8<8AO A848B ?> >4=><C 1N@>:@0BC, B> B@C48BLAO =5;L7O. 5402=> 2 =5<5F:>9 3075B5  8 5;LB ?>O28;0AL >G5=L <0;5=L:0O 8 >G5=L A5@L57=> A@540:B8@>20==0O 70<5B:0 ?>4 703>;>2:><  0284 8 >;80D .  70<5B:5 1K;> A:070=>: 2 8=45=5 A848B F5=B@0;L=>5 C?@02;5=85 ?>GBK 8 B5;53@0D0 8 F5=B@0;L=>5 C?@02;5=85 E>7O9AB20.  ?>GB>2>< C?@02;5=88 @01>B05B 11 (>48==04F0BL!) G5;>25:, 2 E>7O9AB25==><  2700 (425 BKAOG8 A5<LA>B!).  ?>B><C ?>GB0 @01>B05B, 0 E>7O9AB2> @0720;8205BAO. 8G=> O =5 70=8<0NAL @5H8B5;L=> =8:0:>9 E>7O9AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>ABLN 8 ?>MB><C 425 BKAOG8 A5<LA>B 1N@>:@0B>2 2 8=45=5 A84OB =0 <>59 H55 =5 =5?>A@54AB25==>. =8 A84OB =0 4@C38E H5OE. /  8=>AB@0=5F, 8-8, 8 ?8A0B5;L: O 682C, 3;02=K< >1@07><, 70 AG5B   ?0:5B>2 87 703@0=8FK 8 >B =5<5F:8E E>7O9AB25==KE 701>B O 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 87>;8@>20=. > O =8:0: =5 <>3C 1KBL 87>;8@>20==K< >B 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>3> 2>7459AB28O B5E >@30=>2, :>B>@K5 ?@8720=K AB>OBL =0 AB@065 48@5:B82, 8740==KE 42C<O A ?>;>28=>9 <8;;8>=0<8 1N@>:@0B>2 42CE >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=... /  ?> A2>8< 45;0<  >B?@02;ONAL 2 0<1C@3.  0<1C@35 O AB>N =0 C;8F5 C >AB0=>2:8 B@0<20O ! 22 =0 (B09=40<<. @>B82 MB>9 >AB0=>2:8, =0 B@>BC0@5, 5ABL 459AB28B5;L=>  G5@=0O 18@60 . "0< <>6=> :C?8BL >4=C-425 ?0?8@>AK, :0<CH5: 4;O 706830;:8, ;57285 4;O 1@8BLO 8 ?@>G85 B0:85 B>20@=K5 <0AAK  F5==>ABL A45;>: ?> F5=0< <8@=>3> 2@5<5=8 =5 ?@52KH05B 45AOB:0 ?D5==8=3>2 4;O :064>3> >B45;L=>3> A;CG0O. -B>  B>@3>20O >@30=870F8O 3>;>40 8 ?;0=0. >4 >1;02C =0 MB>9 G5@=>9 18@65 O ?>?0; 420 @070. > 2 ?5@2K9 @07 <>9 A>25BA:>9 ?@0:B8:>9 =0<5B0==K9 3;07 70<5B8; GB>-B> =5;04=>5: 3@C7>28:8 A ?>;8F859 :0:-B> >G5=L C6 =528==> ?@>57602H85 <8<>. 0 3>4K A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E @568<>2 O ?@82K: =5 ;N18BL =8:0:>9 ?>;8F88  O ?>GB8 @5D;5:B82=>, ?>4 A0<K< =>A>< ?@>E>482H53> B@0<20O, @8=C;AO =0 4@C3CN AB>@>=C C;8FK. (030E 2 B@5E 70 <=>9 70<:=C;AO 65;57=K9 :@C3 ?>;8F59A:>9 >1;02K. @>O2;OBL 40;L=59H55 ;N1>?KBAB2> O =5 AB0;. '5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O =0 B>< 65 A0<>< <5AB5 O :0:-B> 707520;AO. 5=O, 2 G8A;5 5I5 =5A:>;L:8E A>B5= 682>3> 42C=>3>3> C;>20 ?>2>;>:;8 2 ?>;8F8N. "0< <5=O 8 ?@>G8E >1KA:0;8. "0< 8 C <5=O 8 C 2A5E ?@>G8E =0H;8 ?0?8@>AK: 4065 8 2 ?;0=>2>9 AB@0=5 ;N48 2A5-B0:8 GB>-B> :C@OB. > O, C<C4@5==K9 A>25BA:8< >?KB><, ?>AB>O==> B0A:0N A A>1>N >:>;> ?>;CDC=B0 2AO:8E 4>:C<5=B>2, C4>AB>25@5=89, 1C<065: 8 G5@B 53> 7=05B, G53> 5I5.  8E G8A;5 O >B:>?0; :28B0=F8N > ?>;CG5=88 <=>N ?>AK;:8 87 !!(  8 5I5 B0<>65==CN >B<5B:C >1 C?;0B5 ?>H;8=K 70 ?0?8@>AK. / B>@65AB2CNI5 ?@54JO28; MB8 1C<06:8. =8 1K;8 4>2>;L=> AB0@K. 5 1K;> =8:0:>3> >A=>20=8O ?@54?>;030BL, GB> ?0?8@>AK, =0945==K5 C <5=O 2 :0@<0=5, 1K;8 8<5==> B5<8, :>B>@K5 7=0G8;8AL 2 :28B0=F88. =8 8 =5 1K;8. > <5=O 2A5-B0:8 2K?CAB8;8. AB0;L=K5 =5A:>;L:> A>B G5;>25: >AB0;8AL B>@G0BL 2 ?>;8F88. / >?>740; =0 ?>574 8 ?>B5@O; F5;K9 45=L. / =5 7=0N, :C40 >?>740;8 8 A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 ?>B5@O;8 <>8 A>B>20@8I8 ?> G0AB=>9 8=8F80B825. >B>< 2 30<1C@3A:>9 3075B5 O ?@>G8B0; A>>1I5=85 >1 >1;025 8 > B><, GB> 5N 1K;> >1=0@C65=> =5A:>;L:> A>B ?0?8@>A  :065BAO, >:>;> ?OB8A>B. 0:>=, B0: A:070BL, 2>AB>@65AB2>20;: ?@5ABC?=K5 ?0?8@>AK, :0: 2K@060NBAO =5<FK 1K;8  sichergestellt . 8G53> =5 1K;> A:070=> > ?@>?065 <>53> @01>G53> 4=O 8 5I5 A>B5= 42CE 8;8 ?OB8 4@C38E @01>G8E 4=59.  =8:B> =5 70=O;AO ?>4AG5B>< =0@>4=>-E>7O9AB25==KE @57C;LB0B>2 MB>9 ?;0=>2>9 0:F88: ?OBLA>B ?0?8@>A, >1I59 AB>8<>ABLN >:>;> 4204F0B8 <0@>:, 1K;8, :>=5G=>, 2K:C@5=K A0<8<8 ?>;8F59A:8<8, 0 AC<<0 @01>G53> 2@5<5=8 >1I59 AB>8<>ABLN <0@>: BKAOG8 2 425 =5 ?>H;0 2 ?>;L7C 4065 8 ?>;8F88. / >AB02;ON 2>2A5 157 @0AA<>B@5=8O 2>?@>A > G5;>25G5A:8E =5@20E 8 > G5;>25G5A:>< 4>AB>8=AB25: D0:B>@K MB>3> @>40 =8:0:8< ?;0=>< =5 CG8BK20NBAO. 5 CG8BK205BAO 8 B>B 70=OB=K9 D0:B, GB> 5A;8 >48= >B@O4 2A5>1I59 1N@>:@0B88 CAB08205B >1;02C, B> 2 =55 ?>?040NB 8 ?@54AB028B5;8 4@C38E >B@O4>2.  5A;8 B@5B89 >B@O4 >@30=87C5B 3>;>4 2 AB@0=5, B> >B 3>;>40 =5 A>2A5< <>65B C9B8 8 2AO 1N@>:@0B8O, 27OB0O 2 F5;><. > 2A5 MB> >G5=L <0;> <5=O5B ?>;>65=85 25I59. 1KA:8 8 >1;02K >4=> 2@5<O AB0;8 G5<-B> 2@>45 A?>@B82=>3> ?@><KA;0 8;8 ?@><KA;>2>3> A?>@B0,  :0: C65=L5 @K1K: 8 8=B5@5A=> 8 ?8B0B5;L=>. #AB@0820;8AL >1;02K =0 2>:70;0E  8 ;N48 >?074K20;8 : ?>5740<. #AB@0820;8AL 70AB02K =0 <5AB0E  8 F5;K5 702>4K ?@>AB0820;8, ?>:0 @01>G8E >1KA:820;0 ?>;8F8O.  3075B0E ?>O2;O;8AL B>@65AB2CNI85 70<5B:8 > 78E5@35HB5;LB5 A>B5= ?0?8@>A, 45AOB:>2 :8;> <OA0 8 ?@>G53> 2 B0:>< 65 @>45. / 3075BK G8B0N >G5=L 2=8<0B5;L=>  ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>. / =8 @07C =5 G8B0; A>>1I5=89 > 78E5@35HB5;;C=35 A>B5= BKAOG ?0?8@>A. > A0<K< A:@><=K< <>8< ?>4AG5B0< >48= B>;L:> 0<1C@3 4>;65= 2K:C@820BL 2 45=L =5 <5=LH5 42CE, 0 B> 8 ?OB8 <8;;8>=>2  G5@=KE ?0?8@>A . =8 <MI>=5 <>3CB<D> 1KBL :>=D8A:>20=K, 81> ;N48, :>B>@K5 B>@3CNB A>B=O<8 BKAOG ?0?8@>A  8<5NB 2AO:85 4>:C<5=BK =0 2AO:CN ?0?8@>AC. N@>:@0B 4>;65= GB>-B> 70?@5I0BL  MB> 53> >A=>2=0O DC=:F8O. 20 A ?>;>28=>9 <8;;8>=0 1N@>:@0B>2 >1O70=K 2K4C<0BL E>BO 1K =5A:>;L:> BKAOG 70?@5B>2  MB> 8E ?@>D5AA8O. 5@AB0E 2 45AOB8 >B =0A  ?> ;52><C 15@53C 86=59 -;L1K @0A?>;>65=K :@5ABLO=A:85 ?;>4>2K5 E>7O9AB20: MB> @09>= A04>2. #@>608 MB8E A04>2 2A5340 C18@0;8AL ?@8H;>9 @01>G59 A8;>9 8 2A5340 MB0 A8;0 >?;0G820;0AL 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 =0BC@>9. K, :0: 8 2A5 =0A5;5=85 7>=K, AB@040;8 >B =5E20B:8 28B0<8=>2. K ?@>5:B8@>20;8 428=CBLAO 2A59 A5<L59 =0 C1>@:C C@>60O O1;>:, A;82 8 3@CH. > 2 F5;OE 1>@L1K A B>9 65 G5@=>9 B>@3>2;59 1K; 8740= 45:@5B, 70?@5I0NI89 2J574 8 4065 ?@>574 G5@57 MB>B @09>= 2A5<  ?>AB>@>==8< ;8F0< . @5ABLO=5 ?>4=O;8 ?@>B5AB  8E =8:B> =5 A;CH0;. @>B5AB>20;> 8 4CE>25=AB2>  =8:B> =5 A;CH0; 8 53>. A5=L 1K;0 60@:0O 8 ACE0O, 8 2> 2;06=KE @09>=0E =87>2LO -;L1K 1K; @5:>@4=K9 C@>609 D@C:B>2. !>18@0BL 8E 1K;> =5:><C. #@>609 =0 B@8 G5B25@B8 ?>381. @5ABLO=:0, 2 4><5 :>B>@>9 <K 68;8 MB8 3>4K (1945-48), O2;O5BAO B5>@5B8G5A:>9 A>1AB25==8F59 A2>53> 4><0 8 A2>53> CG0AB:0. @0:B8G5A:8 >=0 C65 402=> =8G5< @0A?>@O48BLAO =5 <>65B: =04 :064>9 >B@0A;LN 55 A;>6=>3> E>7O9AB20 2KAB@>5=0 2028;>=A:0O 10H=O 1N@>:@0B88. 4=0 10H=O =04 ?>;52K< E>7O9AB2><, 4@C30O  =04 A28=LO<8, B@5BLO  =04 3>@NG8< 4;O 4875;O, G5B25@B0O  =04 A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==K<8 <0H8=0<8, ?OB0O  =04 ?>AB@>9:0<8 8 4065 ?@C4, 2 :>B>@>< 2KC65=K 5I5 =5 2A5 :0@?K  ?>425@65= :0:>9-B> >A>1>9 8EB8>;>38G5A:>9 4828788 42CE<8;;8>==>9 0@<88 G8=>2=8:>2, ?;0=>28:>2 8 :>=B@>;5@>2.  @57C;LB0B5 ?@54H5AB2CNI8E 8AB>@8G5A:8E A>1KB89  =04 =0H8<8 :><=0B0<8 AB0;0 ?@>B5:0BL :@KH0. %>7O9:0 ?@8=O;0 <5@K: ?>40;0 70O2;5=85 > @07@5H5=88 MBC :@KHC ?>G8=8BL. @KH0  :0<KH>20O, ?@C4  A2>9. 0 A2>5< ?@C4C @0AB5B A>1AB25==K9 :0<KH. >  :@KH0 ?>4G8=5=0 AB@>8B5;L=>9 8=A?5:F88, ?@C4  8EB8>;>38G5A:>9, :0<KH  O C6 =5 7=0N, :0:>9. K 2 4>64;82K5 4=8 8 =>G8 AB0;8 ?>4AB02;OBL ?>4 ?@>B5:0NI85 <5AB0 2AN =0HC =0;8G=CN ?>AC4C. %>7O9:0 A;0;0 :C40-B> ?@>AL1K @07@5H8BL @5<>=B. >B>< ?>AC4K AB0;> =5 E20B0BL 8 ?>B>;>: AB0; @07<K20BLAO. / ?@83;0A8; E>7O9:C =0 2>5==K9 A>25B 8 ?>45;8;AO A =59 <>8< A>25BA:8< >?KB><: B> 65 A0<>5 45;05BAO 8 C =0A, 2 !!! ... !B@0B538G5A:89 ?;0= 1K; 2K@01>B0=. K;8 ?@83;0H5=K @01>G85, :>B>@K5 157> 2AO:>9 2>;>:8BK =0@570;8 :0<KH =0 ?@C4C 8 ?>G8=8;8 :@KHC. @>B82 2>7<>6=>3> =0A:>:0 1N@>:@0B88 1K;8 2K428=CBK 420 AB@0B538G5A:8E 70A;>=0: DC=B =0AB>OI53> :>D5 A <>59 AB>@>=K 8 :0:>5-B> :>;8G5AB2> A28=8=K A> AB>@>=K E>7O9:8. !28=8=0 1K;0 872;5G5=0 87 A0=8B0@=>3> ?@>B>:>;0, C4>AB>25@ONI53> =587;5G8<>5 701>;520=85 A28=L8 <>59 E>7O9:8 8 =5>1E>48<>ABL 2K=C645==>3> 701>O (>BH;OEB5=). >9 4>1@K9 ?@8OB5;L  @CAA:89 =5<5F 87 0;B8:8, 8=65=5@ 8 A;53:0 M=BC780AB, @5H8; ?><>GL 68;8I=><C 3>;>4C 8 70=OBLAO D01@8:0F859 F5<5=B=>-A>;><5==KE AB@>8B5;L=KE ?;8B. B >48==04F0B8 702545=89 >= ?>;CG8; >48==040F0BL @07@5H5=89, ;8F5=789, =0@O4>2 8 ?@>G53>. = ?@>40; :0:85-B> D0<8;L=K5 F5==>AB8, =5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 5748; ?> >158< 7>=0<  ?>418@0O AB0@K5 <0H8=K 8 2A5 B0:>5, A257 8E, >B@5<>=B8@>20;, >BAB@>8; :0:>5-B> ?><5I5=85 8 4065 =0=O; @01>G8E  27 G5;>25:.  :>340 2A5 MB8 35@:C;5A>2A:85 ?>42838 1K;8 7025@H5=K, B> 2 :0:>9-B> 87 >48==04F0B8 8=AB0=F89 :0:>9-B> 1N@>:@0B B> ;8 :C40-B> ?5@525;AO, B> ;8 :0:-B> ?@>2>@>20;AO, 0 =>2K9 2 G5<-B> >B:070;,  :065BAO 2 B>?;825. AB02H85AO 45AOBL 1C<065: =8:C40 =5 3>4OBAO 157 0==C;8@>20==>9 >48==04F0B>9. "0: @01>B0NB 425 BKAOG8 A5<LA>B G5;>25: 87 F5=B@0;L=>3> E>7O9AB25==>3> C?@02;5=8O 2 8=45=5. "0: @01>B0NB 8 >AB0;L=K5 420 A ?>;>28=>9 <8;;8>=0. >O A5<LO 8 O  8-8. K ?@8?8A0=K : ;035@N 2 %0945=0C, 345 2 848>BA:8E CA;>28OE, 2 10@0:0E 8 2 1>G:0E, :0: 8>35=K  682CB >:>;> B@5E BKAOG G5;>25:. / 68; 2 A>25BA:>< :>=F5=B@0F8>==>< ;035@5: B0< =5 1K;> EC65, O =5 E>GC :;525B0BL 4065 8 =0 A>25BA:85 :>=F5=B@0F8>==K5 ;035@O. =5 <>3CB 2>7@078BL, GB> 2 ;035@OE 8-8 @0AAB@5;>2 =5B. -B> 25@=>. > 87 ;035@59 8-8 5ABL 2K40G8 =0 @0AAB@5;. "0: GB> 2 >1I5< ?>;CG05BAO >4=> 8 B> 65. 0:8<-B> 87 1N@>:@0B8G5A:8E >B@O4>2 B@5E<8;;8>==>9 ?;0=>2>9 0@<88 (: 42C< A ?>;>28=>9 =5<5F:8E =C6=> ?@81028BL 5I5 8 >::C?0F8>==K5 >B@O4K) 1K; 8740= ?@8:07, ?>25;520NI89 2A5< 8-8 68BL >1O70B5;L=> 2 ;035@OE. -B> 1K; 848>BA:89 ?@8:07: ;N48, :>B>@K5 68;8 2=5 ;035@59, G5<-B> 70=8<0;8AL, @01>B0;8 =0 D5@<0E 8;8 =0 702>40E, A0?>6=8G0;8, 8;8 ?;>B=8G0;8, => G5<-B> 2A5-B0:8 70=8<0;8AL. "@8 BKAOG8 G5;>25:, A>3=0==K5 2 >48= ;035@L C >4=>9 45@52=8, ?>=OB=>, =8G5< 70=8<0BLAO =5 <>3CB: @01>B0BL 8< =5345. >  ?@8:07 5ABL ?@8:07. 8G=> O  ?>;CG8; >B 2>5==>3> C?@02;5=8O @07@5H5=85 68BL =0 G0AB=>9 :20@B8@5.  C <5=O, 8 C 2>5==>3> C?@02;5=8O 1K;8 4;O MB>3> 4>AB0B>G=K5 40==K5. 5B>< 1947 3>40 =04 =0H8< ;035@5< 2>7=8:;> =>2>5, A2565 8<?>@B8@>20==>5 87 =3;88 =0G0;LAB2>  =5:89 <-@ 528=. -@ 528= ?>B@51>20;, GB>1K <K 2 B@5E4=52=K9 A@>: ?5@51@0;8AL 2 ;035@L %0945=0C. >9 AK= ?>5E0; : <-@C 528=C 8 ?@54JO28; 5<C @07@5H5=85 2>5==>3> C?@02;5=8O. -@ 528= A:070;, GB> >=> CAB0@5;>. / ?>B5@O; @01>G89 45=L, ?>5E0; 2 8=75= 8 ?>;CG8; =>2>5. -@ 528= A:070;, GB> >=> =5 3>48BAO: %0945=0C, :>B>@K< :><0=4C5B <-@ 528=, @0A?>;>65=> 2 4@C3>< 04<8=8AB@0B82=>< CG0AB:5, G5< ??5;L15:, 2 :>B>@>< 6825< <K.  4@C3>9 04<8=8AB@0B82=K9 CG0AB>: O =5 ?>5E0;. / ?>B5@O; 5I5 420 @01>G8E 4=O, 8 ?@825; <-@0 528=0 : =5:>5<C <>;G0=8N. -B8< <>;G0=85< <-@ 528= >AB0;AO =54>2>;5=. =5 =C6=> 1K;> ?>5E0BL 2 N=E5=. ;O ?>574:8 <=5 =C6=> 1K;> @07@5H5=85 <-@0 528=0 8 ?@>?CA: >B #  -K. /  ?8A0B5;L. >8 :=838 8740=K =0 17 O7K:0E  2 B>< G8A;5 8 =0 0=3;89A:>< 2 >=4>=5 8 2 LN->@:5. # <5=O =0 @C:0E >B7K2K 0=3;89A:>9 8 0<5@8:0=A:>9 ?@5AAK. =5  57 ;5B 8 O 3>2>@N =0 B@5E 8=>AB@0==KE O7K:0E. -@ 528= =0 A2>59 @>48=5 1K;, 25@>OB=>, ?8AF>< =0 7042>@:0E :0:>9-=81C4L :>=B>@K, 5<C ;5B B@84F0BL 8 =8 =0 >4=>< O7K:5, :@><5 0=3;89A:>3>, >= =5 3>2>@8B =8 A;>20. -@ 528= 70O2;O5B <=5, GB> >= @07@5H5=8O <=5 =5 40AB:  =5G53> 20< 5748BL, <>65B5 A845BL 4><0 . A;8 1K 2 =>@<0;L=KE CA;>28OE O 40; 1K <-@C 528=C ?> D878>=><88, O >BA845; 1K =545;N 8;8 70?;0B8; 1K 8:A DC=B>2 HB@0D0 8 AG8B0; 1K, GB> 70 B0:>5 C4>2>;LAB285 70?;0B8BL AB>8B. > 5A;8 1K O ?@8153 : B0:><C A?>A>1C 70I8BK <>59 A2>1>4K ?5@542865=8O 745AL, B> O 8 <>O A5<LO 1K;8 1K ;8H5=K ?@02 8-8  A;54>20B5;L=> 2>7<>6=>AB8 2K5740 87-?>4 2;0AB8 <-@>2 528=KE 8  2 =5:>B>@>9 ?5@A?5:B825  <K @8A:>20;8 1K B5<, GB> B>20@8I8 <-@0 528=0, 1N@>:@0BK !!!  1>;LH528:8, 87>@2CB =0A 8;8 ?>25AOB. /, A;54>20B5;L=>, 2>>@C60NAL ?>4;>6=K<8 4>:C<5=B0<8 8 54C, :C40 <=5 =04>. # AK=0 @>48;0AL 4>GL. 035@L 2K405B =0 =55 ?05:. 4<8=8AB@0F8O ;035@O B@51C5B, GB>1K @515=:0 ?>:07K20;8 59 @07 2 =545;N: 682 5I5 8;8 ?><5@. B =0A 4> ;035@O 15 :8;><5B@>2 ?@>A5;>G=>9 4>@>38. 2B>, ?>=OB=>, C =0A =5B. >78BL =>2>@>645==>3> @515=:0 =0 25;>, 8;8 =0 G5< ?>?0;> =8:0:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8 =5B. !K= 0@5=4C5B =0 G0A-?>;B>@0 A>>B25BAB25==>3> @515=:0 2 >4=>< 87 =5<5F:8E A5<59AB2 2 %0945=0C 8 45<>=AB@8@C5B 53> ;N125>18;L=>9 04<8=8AB@0F88: 2>B, 2848B5, 6820. 3 023CAB0 1947 3>40 2 ;035@5 1K;0 ?@>872545=0 >1;020. > 40==K<, >?C1;8:>20==K< 2 <5AB=>9 ?@5AA5, ?@8 >1;025 1K;> :>=D8A:>20=>: 87 25;>A8?54>2, 153 ?0G:8 ?0?8@>A 8 36 ?;8B>: H>:>;04C  MB> =0 B@8 BKAOG8 G5;>25: 8-8.  ?@5AA5 ;035@L 1K; =0720=  <5AB>< C60A0 , 87 :>B>@>3>  8=>AB@0=FK B5@@>@878@CNB 2A5 >:@5AB=>5 =5<5F:>5 =0A5;5=85. @8 >1;025 1K;8 =0945=K 8 >@C48O B5@@>@0: >48= @52>;L25@ 8 : =5<C H5ABL ?0B@>=>2. -B>  >D8F80;L=0O AB>@>=0 >1;02K. 5>D8F80;L=0O 70:;NG05BAO 2 B><, GB> =>GLN ;035@L 1K; >:@C65= B0=:0<8 8 ?@>G8<  ?@>B82 >4=>3> @52>;L25@0 8 H5AB8 ?0B@>=>2, 2A5 1K;> ?5@5@KB> 225@E =>30<8, 65=I8=K ?;0:0;8, 45B8 ?8I0;8 8 =5<5F:0O ?>;8F8O 70A>2K20;0 :>=D8A:>20==K9 H>:>;04 2 A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 :0@<0=K. >A;5 >1KA:0 2 ;035@5 0=3;89A:0O ?>;8F8O >1KA:0;0 =5<5F:CN 8 2KC48;0 C:070==K5 2 ?@5AA5 ?0?8@>AK. =3;89A:CN ?>;8F8N, ?> ?>=OB=K< A>>1@065=8O<, =5 >1KA:820; =8:B>. A5 MB>, :>=5G=>, <5;>G8: ?>B>?;5==K5 @K10GL8 AC40, A@C1;5==K5 A04K, ?>381H85 C@>608, ?@>?CA:8, >1;02K, @07@5H5=8O, ;8F5=788, =0@O4K 8 ?@>G55. -B8 <5;>G8 A84OB 70 CB@5==8< 702B@0:>< :064>3> 68B5;O ?;0=>2>9 AB@0=K, A84OB C :064>3> >1540 8 C68=0, 8=>340 703;O4K20NB 8 =>GLN. -B> 5ABL A>F80;87<, 81> MB> 5ABL 15A?@0285. A;8 20A ;8H0NB ?@020 @0A?>@O60BLAO 20H59 A>1AB25==>ABLN, B> 4>;65= 1KBL 0??0@0B, :>B>@K9 5N 1C45B @0A?>@O60BLAO 2<5AB> 20A 8 :>B>@K9 1C45B 20A :0@0BL 70 =58A?>;=5=85 53> @0A?>@O65=89. -B>, O 1K A:070;, 5ABL 01A>;NB=0O =587156=>ABL. 5<5F:89 D8;>A>D $8EB5, >48= 87 B2>@F>2 A>2@5<5==>3> A>F80;87<0 8 =0F8>=0;87<0, B0: 8 ?@>5:B8@>20;: A8AB5<C 2A5>1I53> 8 2A5>E20BK20NI53> H?8>=060 2 53> 1C4CI59 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 AB@0=5. 0;LH5 O ?@8254C 53> ?@>A25I5==K9 A>25B B5:ABC0;L=>. > 2> 2@5<5=0 $8EB5 D8;>A>D8O 8=B5@5A>20;0AL B>;L:> @0745;>< =0;8G=KE 75<5;L, ?;C3>2, 65= 8 ?@>G53>.  =0H8 2@5<5=0 >=0 708=B5@5A>20;0AL 5I5 8 ?@>872>4AB2><. $8EB5 <5GB0; B>;L:> > 1KB>2>< H?8>=065. %>7O9AB25==K9 ?;0= ?@54?>;0305B 5I5 8 ?@>872>4AB25==K9 H?8>=06. A5 MB>, 2<5AB5 27OB>5, 2K7K205B @>645=85 25;8:>3> <>;;NA:0, :>B>@K9 ?@8A0AK205BAO :> 2AO:>9 B@C4OI59AO <0AA5 <8;;8>=0<8 A2>8E ?@8A>A:>2, A>A5B :@>2L 8 =5 405B 42830BLAO.  =>@<0;L=> A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=0E MB>B <>;;NA: @>6405BAO ?> ?@5420@8B5;L=><C ?;0=C D8;>A>D88. 45AL, 2 7>=0E, >= @>48;AO A;CG09=>: A=0G0;0 ?>O28;0AL 1N@>:@0B8O 8 ?>B>< 2>7=8: A>F80;87<. > 87 :0:>3> 1K :>=F0 >= =5 @>48;AO, @57C;LB0BK 53>  2  >BAB0;>9 >AA88 8 2 :C;LBC@=>9 5@<0=88 8 2 45<>:@0B8G5A:8E AB@0=0E  @5H8B5;L=> >4=8 8 B5 65: 15A?@0285 8 3>;>4.  =04 15A?@0285< 8 3>;>4>< 2K25A:0 =>2KE ?;0=>2, :>B>@K5 ?>A;5702B@0 =0:>@<OB 3>;>4=KE 8 404CB ?@020 @010<. ;0= :C@8F0 8 2K545==>5 O9F>  B5 AG0AB;82K5 2=5?;0=>2K5 2@5<5=0, :>340 52@>?59A:85 BC@8ABK 5I5 8<5;8 2>7<>6=>ABL 3;075BL =0 %5>?A>2C ?8@0<84C, =8:B> 87 =8E =5 704020;AO <>@0;L=K< 2>?@>A>< > AC4L15 @01>2, =0 B@C?0E :>B>@KE 1K;0 ?>AB@>5=0 MB0 ?8@0<840. 5@>OB=>, =8:B> =5 ?@54?>;030;, GB> 2 @>;8 %5>?A>2>3> @010 >:065BAO >= A0<.  GB> MB> ?@>87>945B 2 4204F0B>< 25:5 ?>A;5 >645AB20 %@8AB>20.  25:5 M;5:B@8G5AB20, @048> 8 A0<>9 A>2@5<5==>9 D8;>A>D88 2 8AB>@88 G5;>25G5AB20. 4=0:>, 2A5 MB> ?@>87>H;>. 564C 538?5BA:8<8 ?8@0<840<8 8 A>2@5<5==K<8 5ABL 2A5-B0:8 =5:>B>@0O @07=8F0. 38?5BA:85  459AB28B5;L=> AB>OB. !>2A5< =5402=> <>9 7=0:><K9 =5<5F ?>A5B8; 5@;8= 8 42868<K9 BC@8AB8G5A:8<8 GC2AB20<8, ?>H5; 2 <?5@A:CN 0=F5;O@8N  >=0, :0: 8725AB=>, 1K;0 ?>AB@>5=0 =0 BKAOGC ;5B. 0=F5;O@8O 1K;0 @0718B0 8 ?CAB0. ">;L:> 2 ;8G=>< :018=5B5 DN@5@0 <>9 BC@8AB >1=0@C68; =5A:>;L:> @01>G8E, 2K;0<K202H8E 87 AB5= ?;8BK >1;8F>2:8. ;8BK MB8, :0: >:070;>AL, ?@54=07=0G0;8AL 4;O ?0<OB=8:0 !B0;8=C 2 5@;8=5. "0: ?@>E>48B A;020 <8@0 8 B0: ?@>E>4OB ?;0=K 53>. > 8458 A;02K 8 ?;0=0 ?@>4>;60NB >A25I0BL AC<5@5G=K5 4>@>38 2@>?K 8 ?> MB8< 4>@>30< 2@>?0 =587<5==> 2J57605B BC40, :C40 :0: @07 2J5760BL =5 A;54>20;> 1K. ;0= @0745;O5B AC4L1K 04<8=8AB@0F88, =0F8>=0;870F88, :0AB>@:8 8 32>74O. 5;57> =C6=> G5;>25G5A:>9 :@>28, => 87 MB>3> =5 A;54C5B GB> =04> ?8B0BLAO 32>74O<8. 0AB>@:0 ?>;57=0 ?@8 70?>@5, => =5 A;54C5B ;5G8BL 5N BC15@:C;570. %@0<K 1K;8 ?>-2848<><C ?5@2K<8 2 8AB>@88 ?>AB@>9:0<8 >1I5AB25==>3> 2;045=8O  => 87 MB>3> =5 A;54C5B, GB> =04> =0F8>=0;878@>20BL @5;838N. 57 04<8=8AB@0F88 =5 <>65B ?@>68BL =8:0:>5 G5;>25G5A:>5 >1I5AB2>, => =5 A;54C5B ?@52@0I0BL 04<8=8AB@0F8N 2 1N@>:@0B8N. A;8 2K 2 G8A;5 5I5 45AOB:0 ?>B5@?52H8E :>@01;5:@CH5=85, ?;K25B5 =0 ?;>B8:5 8 =0 2A5E 20A 5ABL 4204F0BL ;8B@>2 2>4K, B> ?;0= 55 @0A?@545;5=8O O2;O5BAO =5>1E>48<>ABLN. A;8 =3;8O 2 >158E <8@>2KE 2>9=0E 1K;0 >B@570=0 >B 22>70 ?@>4>2>;LAB28O  0 A2>53> C =55 =5B 8 1KBL =5 <>65B  B> ?;0= @0A?@545;5=8O E;510 8 <OA0 1K; B0:>9 65 =5>1E>48<>ABLN, :0: ?;0= @0A?@545;5=8O 2>4K =0 ?;>B8:5. >  2>B ;N48 :C40-B> 2KA06820NBAO A ?;>B8:0, 0 =3;8O :0:-B> :>=G05B 2>9=C. >?@>A > 2>45, E;515 8 <OA5 AB028BAO A>2A5< 2 8=>9 ?;>A:>AB8. 0 ?;>B8:5 =5;L7O 1K;> ?>72>;8BL =5 B>, GB> 20==K CAB@0820BL, 0 4065 8 7C1K G8AB8BL. >, 2>B ;N48 2KA048;8AL.  B5?5@L C6 ?CABL :064K9 87 =8E ?@8;>68B 2A5 CA8;8O : B><C, GB>1K =09B8 =>2CN 2>4C. 0@B>G=0O A8AB5<0 1K;0 22545=0 2> 2A59 >AA88 B>;L:> ?>A;5 2>9=K 1914-1918 3>40. @>4>2>;LAB28O 2 AB@0=5 2> 2@5<O 2>9=K 1K;> <0AA0  @57C;LB0B G5BK@5E;5B=53> ?@5:@0I5=8O M:A?>@B0.  53> =5 AB0;> ?>A;5 2>9=K: @57C;LB0B 22545=8O ?;0=0.  =3;88 :0@B>G=0O A8AB5<0 O28;0AL =5>1E>48<>ABLN  3>@L:>9, => 2A5-B0:8 =5>1E>48<>ABLN.  >AA88 >=0 1K;0 ?;>4>< D8;>A>D88, A>F80;87<0 8  ?;0=0  8 >:070;0AL ?>E>@>==>9 ?@>F5AA859, :>B>@0O @0ABO=C;0AL C65 =0 B@84F0BL ;5B 8 C65 AB>8;0 =0F88 ?OBL45AOB <8;;8>=>2 687=59. -B>, :065BAO, =8:>3> =8G5<C =5 =0CG8;>.  MB>3>, :065BAO, =8:B> =5 A>18@05BAO 87CG0BL. !0?>6=K9 ?;0= 0A5;5=85 !>25BA:>3> !>N70 A>AB>8B 87 A>@>:0 <8;;8>=>2 A5<59AB2. > 3;025 :064>3>  A848B A2>9 Pater Familias, :>B>@K9 A0<K< =5?>A@54AB25==K< >1@07>< 708=B5@5A>20= 2 B><, GB>1K 53> A5<LO 1K;0 AKB0, >45B0 8 >1CB0. !@548 MB8E A>@>:0 <8;;8>=>2 =0945BAO, 25@>OB=>, <8;;8>=, :>B>@K9 ?> A>1AB25==>9 A2>59 15AB>;:>2>AB8 =8G53> MB>3> >15A?5G8BL =5 <>65B. =, MB>B <8;;8>=, 459AB28B5;L=> 1C45B 708=B5@5A>20= 2 B><, GB>1K ACI5AB2>20; ?;0=, ?@8 :>B>@>< 5<C 1C45B 68BLAO, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =5 EC65 4@C38E.  5A;8 2AO AB@0=0 1C45B E>48BL 1>A8:><  B> C =53> 1C45B <>@0;L=>5 CB5H5=85: 2A5 B0: E>4OB, =8:><C =5 >184=>. -B>B A;>9 ;N459 ;N18B, GB>1K 53> ?;0=8@>20;8, 81>, A>7=0B5;L=> 8;8 15AA>7=0B5;L=>  >= 2A5-B0:8 ?>=8<05B, GB> 157 =O=L:8  >= =5 3>48BAO =8:C40.  >B25B =0 A?@>A A> AB>@>=K MB>3> <8;;8>=0, ?>O2;ONBAO A>B=8 BKAOG ;N459, ?@54;030NI8E A51O 2 =O=L:8, 8 A>B=8 B5>@89, ?@54;030NI8E A51O 2 :>@<8;8FK. >B><  5ABL >:07K205BAO 2>2A5 =5G53>.  :0G5AB25 =57K1;5<>9 0:A8><K =C6=> CAB0=>28BL B>B ?@8A:>@1=K9 D0:B, GB> 2A5 G5;>25G5AB2> 6825B ?> 8AB8==> 0=B8=0CG=K< ?>;>65=8O< G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K. !>2@5<5==K9 :0?8B0= 0<5@8:0=A:>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 459AB2C5B =0 >A=>20=88 B>9 65 G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K, :0: 8 53> ?@54>:  ?>;C48:89 725@>;>2. 0H0 G0AB=0O 8=8F80B820 >?@545;O5B =0H8 30AB@>=><8G5A:85 8 ?>;>2K5 2:CAK. N48, @07;030NI85 0B><, 8 ;N48, :><?>=8@CNI85 >?5@K, 459AB2CNB 2 ?>@O4:5 G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K. > =0F8>=0;870F88 G5;>25G5A:>9 ?A8E8:8 =5 4>4C<0;AO 5I5 =8:B>.  ?>:0 ?A8E8:0 =5 <>65B 1KBL =0F8>=0;878@>20=0,  =5 <>3CB 1KBL =0F8>=0;878@>20=K 8 55 ?@>O2;5=8O 2 E>7O9AB25. !;54>20B5;L=>, ?;0=, ?><>30NI89 G0AB=>9 8=8F80B825 A>@>:0 <8;;8>=>2 >BF>2 A5<59AB2  1C45B @07C<=K< ?;0=><.  ?;0=, 70<5=ONI89 8=8F80B82C A>@>:0 <8;;8>=>2 >BF>2 A5<59AB2,  1C45B =587156=> A:;>=OBLAO : A>F80;87<C, : :><<C=87<C, 8 ?@>G8< @07=>284=>ABO< A0<>9 A>2@5<5==>9 =0C:8.   5A;8 MB>B ?;0= ?@8>1@5B05B E0@0:B5@ 2A5>1I53> ?;0=0  >= A>25@H5==> 02B><0B8G5A:8 A>7405B BN@L<C. 5@540G0 ;N1>3> ?@54?@8OB8O 2 @C:8 3>AC40@AB20, =0F88, >1I5AB20 8 ?@>G53>  02B><0B8G5A:8 >7=0G05B ?5@540GC 53> 2 @C:8 ?;0B=>3> 8 =05<=>3> 035=B0 MB>3> 3>AC40@AB20.  7028A8<>AB8 >B 20H53> =0AB@>5=8O, 2K <>65B5 =0720BL 53> 3>AC40@AB25==K< A;C60I8<, G8=>2=8:>< 8;8 1N@>:@0B><, ACI=>ABL MB>3> 035=B0 =5 87<5=8BAO. = =5 <>65B 1KBL 2K1>@=K<, 81> A0<>5 ACI5AB2> 2K1>@>2 A>AB>8B 2 ?@>O2;5=88 B>9 65 7;>?>;CG=>9 G0AB=>9 8=8F80B82K: 8718@0B5;8 8718@0NB B>3>, :>3> >=8 E>BOB, 0 2>2A5 =5 B>3>, :B> 1K; 1K 65;0B5;5= A B>G:8 7@5=8O ?;0=0. >6=> CB25@640BL A 01A>;NB=>9 AB5?5=LN C25@5==>AB8, GB> ?@8 ;N1>9 A2>1>45 2K1>@>2 ;N10O 3@C??0 =0A5;5=8O =0945B ;N1K5 2>7@065=8O ?@>B82 ;N1>3> ?;0=0 ;N1KE ?;0=>2KE <C4@5F>2  8 B>340 ?;0= ?>381. >MB><C ;N48, @50;87CNI85 ?;0=, 4>;6=K 1KBL ?>4G8=5=K ?;0=>2><C >@30=C.  2K1>@K 4>;6=K ?@52@0I0BLAO 2 B0:CN 65 :><548N, 2 :0:CN >=8 1K;8 ?@52@0I5=K 2 !!!  8;8 2 5@<0=88. 0: 1K =8 1K;0 :>;>AA0;L=0 ;N10O G0AB=>-?@54?@8=8<0B5;LA:0O >@30=870F8O  10=:, B@5AB, :>>?5@0B82  2 55 >A=>25 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5 A848B G0AB=K9 8=B5@5A 8 G0AB=0O ?@54?@88<G82>ABL. 065 8 B>340, :>340 AD5@0 459AB289 MB>9 ?@54?@88<G82>AB8 >3@0=8G5=0 2>7<>6=>ABLN ?@>40BL 0:F88 >4=>3> B@5AB0 8 :C?8BL 0:F88 4@C3>3> B@5AB0. > :>340 2K =0E>48B5AL ?>4 ?;0=>2K< 2>7459AB285< :><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 8;8 =0F8>=0;-A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88, B> C 20A =5B 4065 2>7<>6=>AB8 ?@>40BL 20H5 A>25BA:>5 8;8 35@<0=A:>5 ?>440=AB2> 8 ?5@59B8 2 ?0@03209A:>5: 20A 70 MB> ?>25AOB. K >:065B5AL 87<5==8:>< @>48=5, ?0@B88, A>F80;87<C 8 2>>1I5 ;CGH8< =045640< G5;>25G5AB20. 0H5 ?>;>65=85 157=0456=>. 1> 20A, :0: 2 5@<0=88, B0: 8 2 !!! , :>@<OB B>;L:> =045640<8  8 1>;LH5 =8G5<.  20A ;8H0NB 2AO:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8 ?5@5?@>40BL >1;830F88 20H8E =04564 70 F5=C :CA:0 E;510. >3<0B8G5A:89 ?;0=, 2KA865==K9 2 :018=5B0E D8;>A>D>2, =5 <>65B =5 1KBL ?@8=C48B5;L=K< ?;0=><   ?;0=><-48@5:B82>9 , :0: D>@<C;8@C5B MB> A>25BA:0O B5@<8=>;>38O. ;8  ?;0=><-?@8:07>< , :0: D>@<C;8@>20;0 35@<0=A:0O. ;0=-?@8:07 =C6405BAO 2 =04A<>B@I8:5.  AB@>3> F5=B@0;87>20==><, 65AB>:> 48AF8?;8=8@>20==>< 1N@>:@0B5, :>B>@K9 AB0=5B  ?@82>4=K< @5<=5< >B D8;>A>D88 : <0AA0< .  A2O65B MB8 <0AAK ?> @C:0< 8 =>30<. @8 CG5B5 @>645=8O 8 ?>A;54AB289 2A5E MB8E ?;0=>2, A>25@H5==> =5>1E>48<> 8<5BL 2 284C, GB> MB8 ?;0=K 2K@010BK20NBAO ;N4L<8, =8:>340 8 =8G53>, :@><5 :=83 8 @5G59 =5 ?@>872>482H8<8 8 =8 > :0:>< ?@>872>4AB25 =5 8<5NI8<8 =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O, :0: =5 8<5;8 53> =8 0@:A, =8 5=8=, =8 (?0=, =8 8B;5@. 8 >48= 2 <8@5 848>B =5 >1@0B8BAO : 2@0GC, :>B>@K9 87CG0; <548F8=C B>;L:> ?> :=830<. > F5;0O <0AA0 ;N459, AG8B0NI8E A51O 2?>;=5 @07C<=K<8, >1@0I05BAO 70 E>7O9AB25==K<8 @5F5?B0<8 : ;N4O<, :>B>@K5 =8:>340 =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : E>7O9AB2C =5 8<5;8  >=8 8<5;8 >B=>H5=85 B>;L:> : :=830< > E>7O9AB25.  2>B MB8-B> ;N48 =0G8=0NB 8 ?;0=8@>20BL 8 ?>25;520BL. $8;>A>DK ?0@B88 ?;0=8@CNB 2A5 E>7O9AB2> AB@0=K.  G0AB=>AB8, ?;0=8@CNB, =0?@8<5@, 8 A0?>6=>5 ?@>872>4AB2>. K C65 CAB0=>28;8 B>B ?5G0;L=K9 D0:B, GB> 3>AC40@AB2> 5ABL ?>=OB85 01AB@0:B=>5 8 GB> 01AB@0:B=K5 ?>=OB8O =8G53> ?;0=8@>20BL =5 <>3CB. ;0=8@C5B, A;54>20B5;L=>, =5:89 A8=54@8>= A0?>6=>-E>7O9AB25==KE 1N@>:@0B>2, 459AB2CNI8E ?> C:070=8O< >1I5-E>7O9AB25==KE 1N@>:@0B>2, 459AB2CNI8E ?> C:070=8O< >1I5-E>7O9AB25==KE <C4@5F>2. !0?>6=K9 ?;0= 2 <8;;8>=0E <5AB A<K:05BAO A <8;;8>=0<8 4@C38E E>7O9AB25==KE >B@0A;59: A 682>B=>2>4AB2>< (:>60), A <0H8=>AB@>5=85< (A0?>6=K5 <0H8=K), A =0@>4=K< >1@07>20=85< (?>43>B>2:0 A0?>6=KE <C4@5F>2 8 <0AB5@>2), A 1KB><, A :;8<0B><, <>4>9 8, =0:>=5F, A B5< ?5G0;L=K< D0:B><, GB> 4065 8 A0?>6=8:>2 :>@<8BL G5<-B> =C6=>. !0?>6=K9 ?;0= O2;O5BAO B>;L:> G0ABLN >1I5-E>7O9AB25==>3> ?;0=0 AB@0=K  ?OB8;5B=53> 8;8 G5BK@5E;5B=53>  MB> 157@07;8G=>. AO:>5 =0@CH5=85 2> 2AO:>9 4@C3>9 E>7O9AB25==>9 >1;0AB8  1L5B ?> A0?>6=><C ?;0=C. AO:>5 =0@CH5=85 A0?>6=>3> ?;0=0 1L5B ?> 2A5< >AB0;L=K<. A;8 1K <K <>3;8 ?@54AB028BL A515 E>7O9AB25==KE <C4@5F>2, >1;040NI8E C<AB25==K<8 A?>A>1=>ABO<8 40<0 4> 53> 3@5E>?045=8O,  B>, 25@>OB=>, 2A5 MB8 ?;0=K @01>B0;8 1K 157 ?5@51>52. > B0: :0: 4065 8 B>2. !B0;8= =5A5B ?>A;54AB28O ?>7=020B5;L=>3> ?;0=0, ?@54;>65==>3> =0H5<C >1I5<C ?@0@>48B5;N, B> 2A5 MB8 ?;0=K 87>18;CNB B5<8 O2;5=8O<8, 4;O >1>7=0G5=8O :>B>@KE A>25BA:>-@CAA:89 O7K: 2K@01>B0; B0:85  =8:>340 =5 ACI5AB2>202H85  B5@<8=K, :0:  =5C2O7:0 ,  =54>702>7 ,  =5?>;04:0 ,  =5:><?;5:B=>ABL ,  8;8  ?@>@K2 ?;0=0,  A@K2 ?;0=0,  3>;>5 04<8=8AB@8@>20=85 , 8;8 4065  3>;>2>BO?AB2>  =5 7=0N, :0: MB> <>6=> ?5@525AB8 =0 O7K:  <>=>?>;8AB8G5A:>3> :0?8B0;0 . 7 ?;0=0, :@><5  ?@>@K2>2 8 4K@, =5 >AB05BAO, A>1AB25==>, =8G53>. > >AB0NBAO 1N@>:@0B8G5A:85 0@<88, E;51 8 <0A;> :>B>@KE 7028AOB >B 40;L=59H53> ?;0=8@>20=8O. -B8 0@<88, :0: 8 MB8 <C4@5FK, =5 <>3CB CABC?0BL A2>53> <5AB0 =8:0:8< 4@C38< ;N4O<  81>, B>340 8 0@<8O< 8 <C4@5F0< =5G53> 1C45B 5ABL. =8 =5 <>3CB ?@54>AB028BL ;N1>9 A0?>6=>9 <0AB5@A:>9 2 AB@0=5 2>7<>6=>AB8 ?;N=CBL =0 ?;0= 8 H8BL A0?>38 =0 >A=>20E =082=>3> D8;>A>DA:>3> @50;87<0,  81> 2AO:0O 87 AB0 BKAOG A0?>6=KE <0AB5@A:8E, 8<5NI8EAO 2 AB@0=5, ?@54?>GB5B 8;8 >1>9B8 ?;0=, 8;8 2>2A5 >1>9B8AL 157 ?;0=0. 8 <C4@5FK, =8 0@<88 =5 <>3CB ?>72>;8BL A0?>6=><C ?@>;5B0@80BC 8718@0BL 53> A>1AB25==KE ?@54AB028B5;59, 81> ?@>;5B0@80B ;N1>9 <0AB5@A:>9 <>65B 27OBL 8 2K1@0BL G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 2>7L<5B 8 70O28B:  O, 2>B, =5 A>3;0A5= . ;8, 5A;8 =0945B 1>;55 1;03>@07C<=K< > A2>8E @07=>3;0A8OE A A8=54@8>=>< A0?>6=KE <C4@5F>2 ?@><>;G0BL, B> =0 ?@0:B8:5 1C45B AB0@0BLAO ?@>25AB8 2 687=L 2>;N A2>8E 8718@0B5;59, 0 =5 ?;0= A0?>6=KE <C4@5F>2. "0:8< >1@07><, C ?;0=>2>9 2;0AB8 =5B =8:0:>3> 8=>3> 2K1>@0, :0: ?>A;54>20BL ?@8<5@C E0;8D0 <0@0, A653H53> ;5:A0=4@89A:CN 181;8>B5:C: 5A;8 A28B:8 MB>9 181;8>B5:8 548=><KH;5==K A >@0=><  B> >=8 =5 =C6=K. A;8 >=8 ?@>B82>@5G0B >@0=C  >=8 2@54=K. A;8 A0<>C?@02;5=85 548=><KH;5==> A ?;0=><  >=> 87;8H=5. A;8 >=> ?@>B82>@5G8B ?;0=C  >=> 2@54=>. > 2AO:>< A;CG05, 3>@074> A?>:>9=55 70<5=8BL 2AO:85 2K1>@K 8 2AO:>5 A0<>C?@02;5=85 AB@>3> F5=B@0;87>20==K< 1N@>:@0B><, :>B>@K9 F5;8:>< 1C45B 7028A5BL >B ?;0=>2>3> A8=54@8>=0 8 ?>:>@=> 2K?>;=OBL 2>;N 53>. A5 4>;6=> 1KBL AB@>3> F5=B@0;87>20=>. AO:0O A0?>6=0O <0AB5@A:0O 4>;6=0 1KBL ?>4G8=5=0 :0:><C-B> 3>AC40@AB25==><C B@5ABC, B@5AB  <8=8AB5@AB2C ;53:>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, <8=8AB5@AB2> ;53:>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8  >A?;0=C  8 2A5 MB> 2<5AB5 27OB>5  B09=>9 ?>;8F88.  B0: 65 8 B09=><C AC4C MB>9 B09=>9 ?>;8F88. =0G5 1KBL =5 <>65B. @54AB02LB5 A515: 2 =5:>59 AG0AB;82>9 AB@0=5 A8=54@8>= A0?>6=KE 8 ?@>G8E ?;0B>=>2A:>3> B8?0 <C4@5F>2 ?;0=8@>20; 2A5.  ?CB5< A25@EG5;>25G5A:8E 70B@0B 8 <>73>2 8 28A5;8F @50;87>20; ?@>2545=85, 4>?CAB8<, 2A5@>AA89A:>3> A0?>6=>3> ?;0=0  >B >A:2K 4> B0938.  2>B, =5:89 A0?>6=K9 04<8=8AB@0B>@ ?>?0405BAO 2 =0@CH5=88 MB>3> 2A5A0?>6=>3> ?;0=0. ;0ABL BO=5B MB>3> 04<8=8AB@0B>@0 : AC4C. @54AB02LB5 A515 40;LH5, GB> MB>B AC4 1C45B >1KG=K< AC4>< ?@8AO6=KE. ">-5ABL >=  1C45B ?>4G8=5= A0?>6=K< <C4@5F0<. ">-5ABL >= 1C45B 2K@060BL :0:CN-B> A2>1>4=CN 2>;N :0:8E-B> A2>1>4=KE 8718@0B5;59.  MB8 8718@0B5;8, :0: 8 2 A;CG05 A A0<>C?@02;5=85<, <>3CB 70O28BL:  =5B, =5 28=>25= .  <>3CB 4>1028BL:  ?;0= 1K; 3;C?, 81> >= =5 A>>B25BAB2>20; B056=><C :;8<0BC 8;8 2:CA0< ?>4@0AB0NI53> 65=A:>3> =0A5;5=8O, 8;8 1K; =5?>A8;5= 4;O 04<8=8AB@0B>@0, 8;8, =0:>=5F, >AB028; =0A5;5=85 2>2A5 1>A8:>< . ">340 254L @CH8BAO 2A5: =5 B>;L:> ?;0=, => 8 A0<8 <C4@5FK. 5A:>;L:> 45AOB:>2 B0:8E AC4>2 <>3CB A>@20BL 2A5  ?;0=>2K5 48@5:B82K 8 <>3CB 70O28BL 8 > =5=C6=>AB8 A0<8E <C4@5F>2. 'B> B>340 >AB0=5BAO 45;0BL MB8< <C4@5F0<? 54L >1KG=> >=8 4065 8 2 A0?>6=8:8 =5 3>4OBAO? >MB><C 2A5@>AA89A:89 8 2A5A0?>6=K9 ?;0= A A>25@H5==59H59, 8AB8==> 65;57=>9 ;>38G5A:>9 =5>1E>48<>ABLN, 4>;65= >?8@0BLAO =0 @568< B5@@>@0. 0 @568< B>B0;8B0@=>3> B5@@>@0, >E20BK20NI53> 2A5. 1>, 5A;8 2 :0:>< 1K B> =8 1K;> 725=5 >1I5=0F8>=0;L=>9 687=8 1C45B ?@>@20=0 48AF8?;8=0 ?;0=0,  B> ?;0=>2K5 <C4@5FK ?>381;8. A;8 2K E>B8B5 ?;0=8@>20BL ?@>872>4AB2> A0?>3  2K 4>;6=K ?;0=8@>20BL 8 @5;838N,  4065 8 @5;838N. 58A:CH5==K9 2 ?;0=>2KE ?5@56820=8OE :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:89 >1K20B5;L =07>25B <>5 CB25@645=85 274>@><  8 1C45B =5?@02. @54?>;>68B5: 2>B, ?;0= A>740=, 28A5;8FK ?>AB@>5=K, 1N@>:@0B8O >@30=87>20=0,  8 2>B ?>O2;O5BAO 52 ">;AB>9 ?@>?>254CNI89  >?@>I5=85 : 4>;>9 8=4CAB@80;870F8N! ;8 ?@854CB 1@0BLO 4><8=8:0=FK, :>B>@K5 =0G=CB 45<>=AB@8@>20BL E>645=85 1>A8:><, 4065 8 78<>9. ;8 >1JO28BAO 2535B0@80=A:0O A5:B0, :>B>@0O 1C45B ?@>B5AB>20BL ?@>B82 E>645=8O 2 H:C@0E C18BKE =0H8E 1@0BL52-2>;>2, 8 =0G=5B ?@>872>48BL ;K:>2K5 ;0?B8. 'B> AB0=5B A> 2A5A0?>6=K< ?;0=><, 5A;8 @07@5H8BL A2>1>4=CN 038B0F8N E>645=8O 8;8 2 ;0?BOE, 8;8 ?@>AB> 1>A8:><? &5;K9 @O4 A?>@>2 8 :07=59, :>B>@K5 8740;8 :06CBAO G8AB> 845>;>38G5A:8<8, 8459=K<8, D8;>A>DA:8<8 8 ?@>G55 2 B>< 65 AB8;5,  21;878 >:07K20NBAO ?@>AB> =0 ?@>AB> 1>@L1>9 70 A0<>A>E@0=5=85 ?;0=8@CNI59 1N@>:@0B88. >2>;L=> :@0B:>2@5<5==K9 ?@54A540B5;L A>25B0 =0@>4=KE :><8AA0@>2 2 >A:25, B>2. !K@F>2, 1K; @0AAB@5;O= 70 ?>?KB:C ?5@5AB@>9:8 :>;E>7=>9 ?>;8B8:8 A>25B>2. 0 MBC B5<C, 8 2 !!! , 8 703@0=8F59, 1K;> ?@>87=5A5=> >G5=L 1>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> D8;>A>DA:8E A;>2. / ?@54?>G8B0N A<>B@5BL =0 45;> G8AB> ?@0:B8G5A:8: ?5@5A<>B@ :>;E>7=>9 ?>;8B8:8 >1>7=0G0; >B:07 >B  ?;0=8@>20=8O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 . B:07 >B ?;0=8@>20=8O A5;LA:>3> E>7O9AB20 >7=0G0; 2K:84:C 70 1>@B >1I5AB25==>9 687=8 >:>;> 42CE-B@5E <8;;8>=>2 ?0@B89=>9 1N@>:@0B88, ?;0=8@CNI59 :064>3> :@5ABLO=8=0 AB@0=K 8 :064CN :>@>2C 2 AB@0=5. A5 B5>@5B8G5A:85 A?>@K > A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>9 ?>;8B8:5 2;0AB8 1K;8 B>;L:> ABK4;82>9 845>;>38G5A:>9 =04AB@>9:>9 =04 ?5@56820=8O<8 A5;LA:>3> ?;0=8@CNI53> 1N@>:@0B0. = A845; =04 A2>8< :>;E>7>< 8 4@>60;:  2>B, 702B@0 25@E 2>7L<5B !K@F>2  8 ?>A;5702B@0 <=5 4520BLAO 1C45B =5:C40 8 5ABL 1C45B =5G53> . >6=>, :>=5G=>, ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> 4065 8 MB>B ?0@B89=K9 1N@>:@0B, ?>;C3@0<>B=K9 >@D>3@0D8G5A:8 8 2>2A5 =53@0<>B=K9 2> 2AO:8E 4@C38E >B=>H5=8OE, >AB@> 8 GCB:> ?5@56820; 48A:CAA88 > AC4L15 75@=>2>3> M:A?>@B0 ?@8 :>;E>70E 8;8 157 =8E, > B5E 2>AB>@30E, :>B>@K5 2K720;0 :>;;5:B82870F8O @CAA:>3> <C68:0 2 A5@4F0E 0<5@8:0=A:8E D5@<5@>2, > ?@>1;5<0E A>F80;87<0 2 >4=>9 AB@0=5 8;8 @52>;NF88 2> 2A5< <8@5 8 4065 > AC4L10E  3@C1> <5E0=8AB8G5A:>3> 451>@8=A:>3> <8@>2>77@5=8O , 2 A@02=5=88 A =0CG=>9 D8;>A>D859 & ?0@B88. / 2A53> MB>3>  ?@54?>;030N. / A>1AB25==K<8 3;070<8 2845; 8 A>1AB25==K<8 CH0<8 A;KH0; @073>2>@K 45@525=A:>9 8 C574=>9 ?0@B89=>9 04<8=8AB@0F88. 8 > :0:>9 D8;>A>D88 8 =8 > :0:8E 0<5@8:0=A:8E D5@<5@0E B0< 8 @5G8 =5 1K;>. >?@>A AB>O; ?@>AB> 8 3@C1>: 2>B >=, ?@54A540B5;L 820=>2A:>3> :>;E>70, =0G0;L=8: <0H8=>-B@0:B>@=>9 AB0=F88, A5:@5B0@L :>;E>7=>9 ?0@B89=>9 OG59:8, 70254CNI89 ?;0=8@>20=85<, @0A?@545;5=85< 8;8 703>B>2:0<8,  2>B, >= A848B 745AL, 8<55B A;C61C, 4><, 27OB:8 8 2;0ABL. 02B@0 !K@F>2 A>6@5B !B0;8=0.  ?>A;5702B@0  =8G53>: =8 A;C61K, =8 4><0, =8 27OB>:, =8 2;0AB8. >65B 1KBL 4065 8 687=8 =5 >AB0=5BAO: 87<5==8: =0@>4C 8 ?@>;5B0@80BC, AB>@>==8: 3@C1> <5E0=8AB8G5A:>9 451>@8=A:>9 D8;>A>D88, B>20@8I !K@F>2, =5 <>65B =5 7=0BL, GB> >=, 820=>2A:89 ?@54:>;E>7, 1K; ?@>B82 53> AK@F>2A:8E ?;0=>2 ?5@5AB@>9:8 A5;LA:>-E>7O9AB25==>9 ?>;8B8:8 2;0AB8.  5A;8 >=, !K@F>2, 70E20B8B 2;0ABL  >= C6 ?>:065B ?@54:>;E>70<, 345 8<5==> 78<CNB @0:8 8 G5< >=8 2> 2@5<O MB>9 78<>2:8 ?8B0NBAO! =, !K@F>2, 2> 8<O A>1AB25==>3> A0<>A>E@0=5=8O =5 <>65B ?@54>AB028BL 42CE<8;;8>==>9 2>>@C65==>9 0@<88 A5;LA:>-E>7O9AB25==>9 1N@>:@0B88 2>7<>6=>AB8 >@30=87>2K20BL 8 D@>=4C 8 703>2>@K ?@>B82 :0:8E-B> AK@F>2A:8E ?;0=>2 ?5@5CAB@>9AB20 @CAA:>9 45@52=8.  B0: :0: 4065 8 B>20@8I !K@F>2 2A5-B0:8 :><<C=8AB, B0: :0: 8 >= >?8@05BAO 2A5-B0:8 =0 :><<C=8AB8G5A:CN 1N@>:@0B8N  ?CABL 8 =0 8=K5 55 >B@O4K  >= =5 <>65B ?>425@30BL A><=5=8N A?0A8B5;L=>ABL ?;0=>2>3> ?@8=F8?0. = 1C45B 2K=C645= A:070BL:  ?5@5381 ,  ;520F:89 70381 ,  3>;>5 04<8=8AB@8@>20=85 ,  1N@>:@0B8G5A:>5 3>;>2>BO?AB2> , 8;8 4065  2@548B5;LAB2> 8  A01>B06  8 >H81:8 ?;0=0 2720;8BL =0 ?;5G8 53> @O4>2K< 8A?>;=8B5;O<. "0: 45;0;>AL C65 =5 @07.  =5 >4=0 ?0@B89=0O 687=L C65 >:>=G8;0AL 2 ?>420;5,  70 ?@><0E8 ?;0=>2KE <C4@5F>2 @0A?;0G820;8AL @O4>2K5 :>7;K >B?CI5=8O. B0:, GB> 1C45B, 5A;8 !K@F>2 ?>1548B? ">20@8I !B0;8= A>6@0; B>20@8I0 !K@F>20 2>2A5 =5 ?>B><C, GB> !B0;8= >:070;AO ;CGH8< 8AB>;:>20B5;5< D8;>A>D88 480;5:B8G5A:>3> <0B5@80;87<0, 0 ?@>AB> ?>B><C, GB> 8<5==> 70 !B0;8=K< =5@CH8<>9 AB5=>9 AB0;0 42CE<8;;8>==0O 0@<8O 45@525=A:>9 1N@>:@0B88  8 !K@F>2 ?>381. / 2>2A5 =5 E>GC 87>1@060BL 45@525=A:>3> ?;0=>28:0 !>25BA:>9 >AA88 2 :0G5AB25 8AG048O :><<C=8AB8G5A:>3> 040.  A@54=5< MB>, :>=5G=>, >B1@>A. > 53> ?@5ABC?=K5 8=AB8=:BK 5420 ;8 =0 <=>3> ?@52>AE>4OB ?@0:B8G5A:CN ?>;8B8:C B>3> A>@B0 ;N459, :>B>@K5 =07K20NBAO <8;8B0@8AB0<8, :;5@8:0;8AB0<8, H>28=8AB0<8 8 ?@>G8< 2 MB>< @>45. 8?5@B@>D8O :;8@0 C65 =5 @07 =0=>A8;0 AB@0H=K5 C40@K :0B>;8G5AB2C  8 53> :;8@C 2 B>< G8A;5. 8:B0BC@0 @CAA:>3> 42>@O=AB20 =5 @07 AB028;0 =0 :0@BC 8 8=B5@5AK AB@0=K 8 D878G5A:>5 ACI5AB2>20=85 42>@O=AB20. > :064K9 87 ;N459, A>AB02;O2H8E A;>9 <8;8B0@8AB>2, :;5@8:0;>2, 42>@O= 8 ?@>G53>  68; 8 459AB2>20; 2 A2>8E A>1AB25==KE =5?>A@54AB25==KE 8=B5@5A0E: GB>-B> B0< 1C45B 40;LH5, >3 53> 7=05B, 0 A53>4=O C <5=O 5ABL A>F80;L=>5 ?>;>65=85, 45=L38, 2;0ABL. 8?5@B@>D8O >@30=0 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5 3C18B 8 >@30=87< 8 >@30=. > MB> B>;L:> 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5. 5;L7O B@51>20BL >B @O4>2>3> <8;8B0@8AB0, :;5@8:0;0, 1N@>:@0B0 8 4065 ?;0=>28:0 ?@542845=8O 2>B MB>3>  :>=5G=>3> AG5B0 , 0 B0:65 8 :>=5G=>3> @0AG5B0. =, :0: 8 1>;LH8=AB2> ;N459 =0 MB>< A25B5, 15AA>7=0B5;L=> 459AB2C5B ?>GB8 ?> 20=35;8N:  4>2;55B 4=528 7;>10 53> . !53>4=O >= AKB.  A53>4=O C =53> 2;0ABL. ;0ABL ?>@B8B 4065 8 ?@5<L5@-<8=8AB@>2. >G5<C >=0 =5 <>65B ?>@B8BL ?@54A540B5;O :>;E>70? ! MB>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O <K <>65< CB25@640BL, GB> =0 ?;0=, =0 53> 2K?>;=5=85, ?5@52K?>;=5=85 8;8 4065 ?@>20;  2A5< 2 <8@5 ?;0=>28:0< 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 =0?;520BL. K;> 1K, :>=5G=>, ;CGH5, 5A;8 1K >= 8 2 A0<>< 45;5 2K?>;=O;AO. > >= <>65B 8 =5 2K?>;=OBLAO. ;0= 4>;65= ACI5AB2>20BL, B>-5ABL A=0160BL 60;>20=85< 8 2;0ABLN.  CA;>28OE ?;0=>2>3> E>7O9AB20, 60;>20=85 MB>  3@>H52>5, 0 2;0ABL =04 ;N4L<8 =865 AB>OI8<8, 25AL<0 A5@L57=> >3@0=8G5=0 2;0ABLN ;N459, 2KH5 AB>OI8E. @54A540B5;L :>;E>70 8<55B A>25@H5==> @50;L=CN 2;0ABL =04 687=LN 8 A<5@BLN ?>GB8 ;N1>3> :>;E>7=8:0. > ;N1>9 A5:@5B0@L >1;0AB=>3> :><8B5B0 8<55B B>G=> B0:CN 65 2;0ABL =04 ?@54A540B5;5< :>;E>70. "0<, 345 8<55BAO ?@>872>;, >= ?> =5>1E>48<>AB8 >E20BK205B 2AN AB@0=C. A;8 87 2;0AB8 ?@>872>;0 2K 8A:;NG8B5 E>BO 1K >4=>3> G5;>25:0, >= AB0=5B B>G:>9 :>=F5=B@0F88 2A5E >??>78F8>==KE ?@>872>;>2 A8; AB@0=K. !B0;8=, B0: A:070BL, 3>A?>4AB2C5B =04 2A5@>AA89A:8< A?;0=8@>20==K< ?@>872>;><. > MB> B>;L:> :06CI55AO 3>A?>4AB2>  01A>;NB87<, >3@0=8G5==K9 :0:8<-B> =>2K<, 5I5 =0< =58725AB=K<, B5@@>@8AB8G5A:8< 0:B><. !B0;8=  2K@010BK205B ?;0= , => 2 MB>9 2K@01>B:5 >= ?>4G8=5= 8=B5@5A0< 8 ?C;5<5B0< B>9 ?0@B89=>9 ?;0=>2>9 1N@>:@0B88, :>B>@0O =5 <>65B =5 >BAB0820BL  C3;C1;5=8O ?;0=0 4> ?>A;54=53> B5;5=:0 AB@0=K, 8 >E20B ?@>872>;>< 8 B5@@>@>< 2A53> =0A5;5=8O, 2?;>BL 4> ?>A;54=53> @515=:0 AB@0=K. -B> 2A5, 5ABL =587156=>ABL =587156=> 2KB5:0NI0O 87 ?;0=0. >65B ;8 ?;0= 4>?CAB8BL, =0?@8<5@, 7010AB>2:8, G5< 1K >=8 =8 2K7K20;8AL? , 5A;8 =5 <>65B, B> :0:8< A?>A>1>< A =8<8 1>@>BLAO? 5AB8 ?5@53>2>@K, 8 2> 2@5<O ?5@53>2>@>2 =5?@>B82;5=G5A:8 A<>B@5BL, :0: ?@>20;8205BAO ?;0= A=0165=8O C3;5< A0?>6=KE <0AB5@A:8E, :0: =5A>7=0B5;L=K5 >B@O4K ?@>;5B0@80B0 =0G8=0NB 4C<0BL, GB> A2>8<8 7010AB>2:0<8 >=8 8<5NB =5 B>;L:> B5>@5B8G5A:>5 ?@02>, => 8 ?@0:B8G5A:CN 2>7<>6=>ABL <5=OBL ?@54=0G5@B0=8O A0?>6=KE, C3>;L=KE, :>6525==KE 8 ?@>G8E <C4@5F>2 8 ?;0=>28:>2?  AB028BL 8< A2>8 D8;>A>DA:8 =5>1>A=>20==K5 C;LB8<0BC<K?  4204F0BKE 3>40E, :>340 ?;0= 1K; N= 8 =5>?KB5=, 2 !>25BA:>9 >AA88 A;CG0;8AL 8 @01>G85 7010AB>2:8. ;0ABL 2ABC?0;0 A 7010AB>2I8:0<8 2 ?5@53>2>@K, CAB@0820;8AL <8B8=38, 2KABC?0;8 >@0B>@K,  2A5, :0: ?>;0305BAO. "@51>20=8O @01>G8E 2 >1I5< 2K?>;=O;8AL  :>=5G=>, 2 CI5@1 ?;0=0<. =8F80B>@>2 7010AB>2>: ?>B><  ?>B8E>=L:C 8 ?>AB5?5==>,  0@5AB>2K20;8 8 @0AAB@5;820;8. 1>, 5A;8 ?;0= 5ABL ?;0=, B> B0:0O 25IL, :0: 0<5@8:0=A:0O 7010AB>2:0 3>@=O:>2 5ABL 3>AC40@AB25==>5 ?@5ABC?;5=85: >=0 A@K205B 25AL ?;0=. =0 45;05B =52>7<>6=K< =8:0:>5 ?;0=8@>20=85 2>>1I5. =0 ?>4@K205B A0<K9 ?@8=F8? 2;0AB8 ?;0=8@CNI53> A8=54@8>=0 8 B5< A0<K< ?>4@K205B 53> ACI5AB2>20=85. 45AL 845B 2>2A5 =5 1>@L10 70 ?;0= 8;8 70 ?;0=>2>ABL,  745AL 845B 1>@L10 70 687=L, 70 2;0ABL, 70 A<5@BL.  B0:>9 1>@L15 ;N48 =5 AG8B0NBAO =8 A G5<. ?>AB>;K C=825@A0;L=>3> ?;0=8@>20=8O 8AE>4OB 87 B>9, 4> >G5284=>AB8 848>BA:>9 <KA;8, GB> ?@8 A>2@5<5==>9 5<:>AB8 G5;>25G5A:>9 G5@5?=>9 :>@>1:8 8 ?@8 3;C18==>9 :0;594>A:>?8G=>AB8 G5;>25G5A:8E 2:CA>2, AB@0AB59, <>B82>2, ?>B@51=>AB59, 8=B5@5A>2 8 ?@>G53>, <>6=> A?;0=8@>20BL E>7O9AB25==CN 687=L B0:>9 AB@0=K, :0: >AA8O, 345 5ABL AC1B@>?8:8 8 25G=K5 ;L4K, 8=4CAB@80;L=K5 3830=BK 5B5@1C@30 8 :>G52>5 E>7O9AB2> !@54=59 788, ?5@8>48G5A:0O A8AB5<0 5=45;5520 8 A0<>54A:85 1>6:8 87 @K1L8E :>AB59.  GB> 2>>1I5 G5;>25G5A:0O 687=L 8 45OB5;L=>ABL ?>4405BAO ?;0=8@>20=8N. AO 8AB>@8O G5;>25G5AB20 ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>N A?;>H=>5 874520B5;LAB2> =04 2AO:8<8 ?;0=0<8. AB>@8O ;N1>9 2>9=K 45<>=AB@8@C5B BI5BC 2AO:8E ?@5420@8B5;L=KE ?;0=>2. 8>3@0D8O :064>3> >B45;L=>3> G5;>25:0 5ABL 8AB>@8O =5C402H53>AO ?;0=0 687=8. > 5ABL ;N48, :>B>@K5 2A5@L57 ?@54?>;030NB,  8;8 B>;L:> 45;0NB 284, GB> ?@54?>;030NB,  GB> 2AN MBC GC4>28I=CN A;>6=>ABL ;8G=KE 8 >1I5AB25==KE, A>7=0B5;L=KE 8 15AA>7=0B5;L=KE, :;8<0B8G5A:8E 8 8AB>@8G5A:8E <>B82>2, 2708<>>B=>H5=89, ?>4283>2 8 ?@5ABC?;5=89, 35=80;L=>AB8 8 848>B87<0,  <>6=> A?;NI8BL 2 =5A:>;L:> A>B AB@0=8F ?;0=>2KE ?@54=0G5@B0=89 ;N1>3> A8=54@8>=0 ;N1KE <C4@5F>2. ABL B0:65 ;N48, :>B>@K5 A>2A5< 2A5@L57 ?@54?>;030NB, GB> 548=K9 ?;0= <>65B >1>9B8AL 157 548=>9 B09=>9 ?>;8F88. -B> B5, <>65B 1KBL 8 >G5=L <8;K5 ;N48, :>B>@K5, A84O 345-=81C4L =0 Palm Beach 5 2 45AOB8 BKAOG0E 25@AB >B 5@;8=0 8 >A:2K, =5 8<5O =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O > B><, GB> D0:B8G5A:8 A>25@H05BAO 2 5@;8=5 8;8 2 >A:25, A:;>==K 4020BL B5;5?0B8G5A:85 A>25BK 8B;5@C 8;8 !B0;8=C:  E, 2A5 MB> 2 ACI=>AB8 1K;> 1K E>@>H>, 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =5 B0: ?;>E>, 5A;8 1K =5 5AB0?> 8 #,  0E, 70G5< MB> 8B;5@ 8 !B0;8= @0725;8 B0:CN 4@O=L? 8;K5 ;N48 87 Palm Beach 0 ?@54?>;030NB, GB> !B0;8= 8 8B;5@, :0: CAA>;8=8 8 >15A?L5@ <>3;8 1K >1>9B8AL 8 157 B5@@>@0, 5A;8 1K >=8 B>;L:> 70E>B5;8! 'B> B5@@>@ 2A5E G5BK@5E ?;0=>2KE @52>;NF89 2K7K205BAO B>;L:> A>AB>O=85< ?5G5=8 25;8:8E 2>6459. ;8: GB> ?;0= 2>7<>65= 157 B5@@>@0. 8;K5 ;N48 >H810NBAO: 5A;8 2 <>=>;8B5 548=>3> 2A5>E20BK20NI53> 8 2A5A?0A0NI53> ?;0=0 >AB028BL E>BO 1K >4=C I5;L, B> 2 MBC I5;L, ?>4 GC4>28I=K< 402;5=85< A>B5= <8;;8>=>2 0=0@E8G5A:8E G5;>25G5A:8E 2>;L 2>@25BAO  AB8E8O , 8 ?;0= 1C45B :>=G5=. > 1C45B :>=G5=> 8 A ?;0=>28:0<8. ;0= ACI5AB2C5B =5 4;O G5;>25G5AB20  >= ACI5AB2C5B 4;O ?;0=>28:>2. = 02B><0B8G5A:8 8 =587156=> 2K7K205B : 687=8 @>645=85 =>2>3> >1I5AB25==>3> AB@>O, A;>O ?;0B=KE 8 ?;0=>2KE 1N@>:@0B>2, :>B>@K9 1C45B 1>@>BLAO 70 A2>9 ?;0= 8,  GB> ACI5AB25==55, 70 A2>N 687=L. ;0= <>65B ACI5AB2>20BL 157 G53> C3>4=>: 157 D01@8: 8 157 AK@LO, 157 B@0=A?>@B0 8 4065 157 E;510,  => 157 ?;0=8@CNI59 1N@>:@0B88 >= ?@>AB> =5<KA;8<.  2;0ABL MB>9 ?;0=8@CNI59 1N@>:@0B88 ?@>AB> =5<KA;8<0 157 @568<0 B5@@>@0, B5< 1>;55 C=825@A0;L=>3>, G5< 1>;55 C=825@A0;5= ?;0=. 8:0:8E 8459 =8 70 :0:8<8 @07=>284=>ABO<8 MB>3> B5@@>@0 8 2 ?><8=5 =5B: 5ABL 3>;0O 1>@L10 70 H:C@C @5FK CA84G82>AB8 8 A>F80;L=KE =0C:, =8G53> :@><5 :=83 2 A2>59 687=8 8 2 3;070 =5 28402H85, 3>2>@OB =0< > ?0D>A5 @52>;NF88 8 >1 M=BC780AB0E ?;0=8@>20=8O. 0< 3>2>@8;8, 3>2>@OB 8 5I5 1C4CB 3>2>@8BL, GB> O:>18=FK >15A?L5@0, D0H8ABK CAA>;8=8, =0F8ABK 8B;5@0 8;8 :><<C=8ABK !B0;8=0 A>25@H0;8 A2>8 C189AB20 8 A2>8 725@AB20 2> 8<O: 0) A2>1>4K, @025=AB20 8 1@0BAB20, 1) 25G=>3> 8<0, 2) 2KAH59 @0AK 8 3) <8@>2>9 ?@>;5B0@A:>9 @52>;NF88 8, GB> 2> 2A5E G5BK@5E A;CG0OE 459AB2>20;0  845O , @07=0O 2> 2A5E G5BK@5E A;CG0OE, => ?@81;878B5;L=> >48=0:>2> :@>2020O 2> 2A5E G5BK@5E. / ;8G=> 2845;  M=BC780AB>2 42CE 25;8:8E @52>;NF89. >3C CB25@640BL :0B53>@8G5A:8: =0F8AB0< 1K;> B0: 65 =0?;520BL =0 2KAHCN @0AC, :0: :><<C=8AB0< =0 2KAH89 :;0AA. ">, GB> 45;0;8 :><<C=8ABK 2 !>;>2:0E 8;8 =0 C1O=:5, 8;8 =0F8ABK 2 0E0C 8;8 2 5;L75=5  1K;> 6CBLN: :07=8, ?KB:8, ?@545;L=>5 874520B5;LAB2> =04 G5;>25G5A:>9 687=LN 8 G5;>25G5A:8< 4>AB>8=AB2><. >6=> 1K;> 1K 3>2>@8BL >1  M=BC7807<5 1917 3>40, => A B5E ?>@ ?@>H;> B@84F0BL ;5B. -=BC7807<, 5A;8 >= 8 1K;, 402=> CA?5; 2K25B@8BLAO: :0: =8 :0: B@84F0BL ;5B B5@@>@0, 3>;>40, A@K20 ?;0=>2 8 2708<>8AB@51;5=8O.  MB>< 2708<>8AB@51;5=88 ?>381;8 ?>A;54=85 >AB0B:8 :>340-B> ;5=8=A:>9 ?0@B88  5A;8 MB8 >AB0B:8 8 1K;8 5I5 M=BC780AB0<8. 5C65;8, =0E>4OAL 2 74@02>< C<5 8 B25@4>9 ?0<OB8  <>6=> ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> A53>4=OH=85 725@AB20 <09>@>2 8 ?>;:>2=8:>2  >1JOA=ONBAO 8E D0=0B8G5A:>9 ?@825@65==>ABLN : 480;5:B8G5A:><C <0B5@80;87<C 2 53> AB0;8=A:>9 8=B5@?@5B0F88?  =8:0: =5 >1JOA=ONBAO ;8G=K< AB@0E>< MB8E <09>@>2 8 ?>;:>2=8:>2 ?5@54 ?>B5@59 8E G8=>2 8 =0H82>:, A;C61K 8 2;0AB8  0 <>65B 1KBL, A2>1>4K 8 687=8?  GB> 8E  :;0AA>20O A>;840@=>ABL =5 5ABL B>;L:> A>;840@=>ABL 10=4K, 70E20B82H59 2;0ABL 8 A C60A>< 4C<0NI59 > 55 2>7<>6=>< :>=F5? -B8E ?>;:>2=8:>2  0 O 8E 7=0N ;8G=>, O 2>2A5 =5 E>GC @8A>20BL 2 2845 8AG0489 :><<C=8AB8G5A:>3> 040. K;8 ;8 ;CGH5 0=3;89A:85 ;>@4K 2 @;0=488? ;8 N6=K5 ?;0=B0B>@K 2 !!(? !0=B0D548ABK  2 B0;88, 8=:2878F8O 2 A?0=88 8, =0:>=5F, 42>@O=AB2> 2 >AA88? > 2A5E MB8E A;CG0OE 45;> H;> > A;>5, =0A8;LAB25==> 70E20B82H5< 2;0ABL 8 =5 AB5A=ONI5<AO =8G5<. CAA:>5 42>@O=AB2> 2 =0G0;5 18-3> 25:0 70E20B8;> 2;0ABL ?@8<5@=> B0:8< 65 A?>A>1><, :0: 2 =0G0;5 4204F0B>3> 70E20B8;8 :><<C=8ABK: ?CB5< @O40 F0@5C189AB2. ! =0G0;0 18-3> 25:0 4> >A2>1>645=8O :@5ABLO= ?@8 ;5:A0=4@5 B>@>< 2 A5@548=5 19-3> >=> 725@AB2>20;> B>G=> B0: 65, :0: 725@AB2CNB :><<C=8ABK A59G0A. "5 65 ?KB:8, 8ABO70=8O, 15AAC4=K5 :07=8, ?@02> =0 687=L 8 =0 A<5@BL =04 <=>3><8;;8>==>9 <0AA>9 :@5ABLO=AB20. "> 65 M:>=><8G5A:>5 @07>@5=85 AB@0=K, 8 B>B 65 AB@0E ?@54 8AB>@8G5A:8< 8 ;8G=K< 2>7<57485<. !>2@5<5==K9 :><<C=8AB AB>8B, 25@>OB=>, =0 A0<>9 =87:>9 ABC?5=L:5 A>2@5<5==>9 52@>?59A:>9 :C;LBC@K. =3;89A:89 ;>@4 2 @;0=488 8 @CAA:89 ?><5I8: =0 >;35, 25@>OB=>, =0 A0<>9 2KA>:>9. =8 40;8 09@>=0 8 CH:8=0.  09@>= 8 CH:8= >G5=L A>GC2AB2>20;8  >A2>1>645=8N @5F88 , => >10 1K;8 A>25@H5==> @02=>4CH=K : B0:><C 65 >A2>1>645=8N @CAA:>3> 8;8 8@;0=4A:>3> :@5ABLO=8=0. @><:>3>2>@8B5;L <8@>2>9 A>25AB8  3@0D 52 ">;AB>9  2AN A2>N 687=L  1>@>;AO ?@>B82 =0A8;8O , => ?@>B82 =0A8;8O :@5?>AB=>3> ?@020 8 53> ?5@568B:>2 >= =5 =0?8A0; =8 >4=>9 AB@>G:8. "0: MB>  09@>=, CH:8= 8 ">;AB>9. '53> 65 2K E>B8B5 >B <09>@>2 8 ?>;:>2=8:>2 B09=>9 ?>;8F88 8 A8=54@8>=0 <C4@5F>2? 52 ">;AB>9 ?@>?>254>20; @0745; 75<;8 8 =5?@>B82;5=85 7;C.  :>340 53> A>1AB25==K5 :@5ABLO=5 ?>?KB0;8AL 45;8BL 53> 75<;N  >= =0=O; 2>>@C65==CN AB@06C 87 :02:07A:8E 48:0@59. -B> 1K;>  845>;>38G5A:8 =5?>A;54>20B5;L=>  ?>G5<C B>20@8I !B0;8= 4>;65= 1KBL 1>;55 ?>A;54>20B5;5=, G5< 3@0D ">;AB>9? 54L, 2>B, 25;0 65 =3;8O 2>9=C 87-70 8=B5@5A>2 B>@3>2F52 >?8C<><  ?>G5<C =5 ?@54?>;>68BL 2>9=K 2 8=B5@5A0E B>@3>2F52 =0@:>B8:0<8 ?;0=0? ;0= 5ABL A>2@5<5==0O D>@<0 >@30=870F88 @01AB208AB5@ 5@15@B #M;;LA =0G0; A2>N A>F80;8AB8G5A:CN :0@L5@C A ?@>?>2548 2AOG5A:>3> ?;0=8@>20=8O.  :=835, 2K?CI5==>9 2 1933 3>4C,  1@07K 3@O4CI8E 25I59 ( The Things to come ), >= =0@8A>20; >?B8<8AB8G5A:CN :0@B8=C <8@>2>9  B8@0=88 , :>B>@0O ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E 45AOB8;5B89 =0A8;89, E0>A0 8 :@>28 ?@82545B G5;>25G5AB2> =0 =5:CN 2KAHCN ABC?5=L.  B5G5=85 MB8E 45AOB8;5B89  8@>2>5 >AC40@AB2> , A ?><>ILN H?8>=060, ?@>2>:0F88 8 B5@@>@0, ?>402;5=8O @5;8388, 8AB@51;5=8O A2OI5==8:>2 8 ?@>G53> 2 B>< 65 ?;0=>2>< @>45, ?>4028B 2AO:CN >??>78F8N 8 ?>A;5 MB8E 45AOB8;5B89, B0: >:>;> 2000 3>40 >15A?5G8B G5;>25G5AB2C 25G=K9 <8@ 8 =8:>340 5I5 =5 4>AB83=CBK9 C@>25=L <0B5@80;L=>3> 1;03>A>AB>O=8O. > MB> 1C45B B>;L:> 2 2000 3>4C. 0 =0HC A 20<8 AC4L1C, A;54>20B5;L=>, 2K?040NB B>;L:> 45AOB8;5B8O  H?8>=060, ?@>2>:0F88 8 B5@@>@0 . > ?>B><  ?>B>< 2A5 1C45B >G5=L E>@>H>. > 2000 3>40 #M;;LA =5 4>68;. !C4L10 C15@53;0 53> 8 >B 45AOB8;5B89  H?8>=060, ?@>2>:0F88 8 B5@@>@0 . > :>5-GB> 87 MB8E A;02=KE 45AOB8;5B89 C65 =0G0;> ?@>ABC?0BL A:2>7L BC<0=K 2AOG5A:>9 D@075>;>388  2 B>< G8A;5 8 CM;;LA>2A:>9. 0:0=C=5 A2>59 A<5@B8 >= 2K?CAB8; =5GB> 2@>45 A2>53> 7025I0=8O G5;>25G5AB2C:  >=5F 2A53>, GB> <K =07K205< 687=LN, 1;87>: 8 =5>B2@0B8<... -B>  :>=5F! B0:, =8 ?;0=K, =8 ?;0=>20O B8@0=8O =5 ?><>30NB: :>=5F. 0: 8 2 A;CG05 A> L2>< ">;ABK<. K <>3;8 1K A:070BL, GB> >10 MB8 EC4>6=8:0 A;>20 ?@8=5A;8 A2>8< =0@>40< 8 G5;>25G5AB2C 2>>1I5 >3@><=K9 2@54.  GB> >=8 25AL<0 >A=>20B5;L=> 70@01>B0;8 =0 B>@3>2;5 A2>8< =5?@>B82;5=G5A:8< 8;8 A2>8< ?;0=>2K< >?8C<><.  8A:@5==>ABL ">;AB>3> O =5 25@N =8 =0 :>?59:C. B=>A8B5;L=> #M;;LA0 C <5=O 40==KE =5B. > 53> ?@54A<5@B=>5 ?@>@>G5AB2> 72CG8B 8A:@5==5: 2 A0<>< 45;5, 5A;8 2A5 B>, 70 GB> #M;;LA 1>@>;AO 2AN A2>N 687=L, ?@82>48B B>;L:> :  B8@0=88 , 0  B8@0=8O B>;L:> : :>=FC  2A53>, GB> <K =07K205< 687=LN , B> =5<C4@5=> 2?0ABL 2 0=B8?;0=>2K9 ?5AA8<87<.  >A>15==>AB8, 5A;8 >?B8<8AB8G5A:85 3>=>@0@K =0 :@0N <>38;K =8:0:>3> 8=B5@5A0 C65 =5 ?@54AB02;ONB. =0G8B: :>=5F. 5AOB8;5B8O H?8>=060 8 :@>28  8 ?>B>< :@KH:0. 8G=> O 1>;55 >?B8<8AB8G5=: =0H8 2=C:8 B0: 65 15A?;0=>2> 1C4CB 2;N1;OBLAO, @01>B0BL, ?8A0BL 8;8 ?0E0BL, :0: 45;0;8 MB> 8 <K  2 =0H8 <>;>4K5 3>4K  4> @>645=8O ?;0=>2 ;N128 8 >2F52>4AB20. A5-B0:8 <K, @CAA:85, ?5@568;8 1>;LH5, G5< :B> 1K B> =8 1K;> 4@C3>9 2 MB>< <8@5.  8AB>@8G5A:8 8 ;8G=>. A5-B0:8, 1K;> ;5B A>@>:  >B ?045=8O 0?>;5>=0 4> @K<A:>9 2>9=K,  :>340 !2OI5==K9 !>N7, B> 5ABL ;5:A0=4@ 5@2K9 8 8:>;09 5@2K9, 1K;8 D0:B8G5A:8<8 48:B0B>@0<8 2@>?K, GB> ?> B5< 2@5<5=0< ?@81;878B5;L=> @02=O;>AL  <8@>2>9 B8@0=88 . 3;O4K20OAL =0 A25689 ?@8<5@ 838 0F89 8;8 5I5 1>;55 A25689 ?@8<5@ #, <K A =5:>B>@>9 4>;59 <5GB0B5;L=>9 3@CAB8 <>65< :>=AB0B8@>20BL, GB> 48:B0BC@0 @CAA:8E F0@59 2A5-B0:8 1K;0 ;CGH5. =0 =8 2 :0:85 2=CB@5==85 45;0 =5 2<5H820;0AL  E>BO 3@0640=A:0O 2>9=0 2 (259F0@88 1K;0 ?@5:@0I5=0 ?> ?@8:07C 87 !0=:B-5B5@1C@30. 8:0:8E 2>9= 25AB8 =5 ?>72>;O;0, E>BO @52>;NF8O 2 5=3@88 8 1K;0 ?>402;5=0 @CAA:>9 0@<859, 70 GB> 02AB@89A:>5 ?@028B5;LAB2> 8  C4828;> <8@ A2>59 =51;03>40@=>ABLN  2KABC?8;> 2 @K<A:>9 2>9=5 =0 AB>@>=5 A>N7=8:>2. 8:0:>9  @50:F8>==>9 ?>;8B8:8 MB8 F0@8 =5 25;8. > $@0=F88 >=8 >BAB0820;8  :>=AB8BCF8N ?@8 @5:>=AB@C8@>20==KE C@1>=0E.  >;LH5 8 2 @810;B8:5 >=8 >A2>1>48;8 :@5?>AB=> :@5ABLO=AB2>, 3>B>28;8 >A2>1>645=85 A2>53> A>1AB25==>3>, => A @CAA:8< 42>@O=AB2>< A?@028BLAO 1K;> B@C4=55, G5< A> H259F0@A:8<  C=4>< , A 25=35@A:8<8 ?>2AB0=F0<8, ?>;LA:>9 H;OEB>9 8;8 10;B89A:8<8 10@>=0<8. 0H 8AB>@8G5A:89 >?KB >G5=L 25;8:. !>>B25BAB25==> @07=>>1@075= 8 ;8G=K9 >?KB. >AC40@AB25==>5 ?;0=8@>20=85 O, =0?@8<5@, ?5@56820; 420 @070: ?5@2K9 @07  2 M?>EC B0: =07K205<>3> 2>5==>3> :><<C=87<0, ?@8<5@=> A 1919 4> 1925 3>40, ?>B>< 2 M?>EC :>;;5:B82870F88 45@52=8  A 1925 3>40  4>  4> A53>4=OH=53> 4=O. '0ABL MB>9 ?>A;54=59 M?>E8 =01;N40; ;8G=>  4> 1934 3>40, >AB0;L=CN  ?> 2AO:>3> @>40 A2845B5;LA:8< ?>:070=8O<. ;0= M?>E8 2>5==>3> :><<C=87<0 1K; ?@>AB> :@5B8=87<><. >B>< 5<C AB0;8 ?>4KA:820BL  A>F8>;>38G5A:85 >1>A=>20=8O  : MB8< >1>A=>20=8O< O 25@=CAL ?>765. >, :0:85 1K >A=>20=8O =8 1K;8,  2 420 3>40 AB@0=0 1K;0 4>2545=0 4> 3>;>40, ;N4>54AB20, 2>AAB0=89 8 G5@B 7=05B G53>. 5=8= 40;  =>2CN M:>=><8G5A:CN ?>;8B8:C , >7=0G02HCN G0AB8G=K9 2>72@0B : AB0@K< :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:8< >B=>H5=8O<. -BC ?>;8B8:C >= A0< =0720;  ?5@54KH:>9 . !B@0=0 ?>;CG8;0 2>7<>6=>ABL =5 4KH0BL, => 2A5-B0:8  ?5@54>E=CBL . ;0=>20O B:0=L 548=>3> A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> E>7O9AB20 AB0;0 @07;570BLAO ?> =8B:0<.  0?8B0;8AB8G5A:85 >B=>H5=8O , :>5-:0: >1;53G5==K5 >B 3@C70  H?8>=060 8 B5@@>@0 , AB0;8 AJ540BL A>F80;8AB8G5A:85 >B=>H5=8O. !>F80;87< 02B><0B8G5A:8 AB0; B>=CBL. 25AB8 <8;;8>=>2 ;N459, E>BO 8 >3@0=8G5==KE 2 A2>5< E>7O9AB25==>< A2>52>;88 =0;8G85< ?0@B88 8 #, AB0;8 2A5-B0:8 GB>-B> 8 :0:-B> AB@>8BL. !B@0=0 @0745;8;0AL =0 425 =5@02=K5 G0AB8: >4=0  ?0E0;0, A5O;0 8 5;0, 4@C30O  ?8A0;0, ?;0=8@>20;0 8 3>;>40;0. / =01;N40; >15 G0AB8. >8 ?>A;54=85 A2>1>4=K5 A>25BA:85 3>4K  1926-1933  O ?@>25; 2 ?>4<>A:>2=>< ?@83>@>45 !0;BK:>2:5, 2 20-B8 :8;><5B@0E >B >A:2K. C4CI0O =0C:0 >1 >1I5AB25==KE >B=>H5=8OE (A59G0A C =0A 55 =5B) 709<5BAO, 25@>OB=>, 8 B5<, GB> O 1K =0720; <8:@>B><859 A>F80;L=>9 B:0=8. ">-5ABL: >AB028B 2 ?>:>5 45:>@0F88 8 45:;0<0F88 8 =0G=5B 87CG0BL ?@>F5AAK, A>25@H0NI85AO 2 :;5B:0E A>F80;L=>3> >@30=87<0. !0;BK:>2:0 1K;0 =51>;LH8< A3CI5=85< B0:8E :;5B>:: BKAOG8 B@8-G5BK@5 =0A5;5=8O, A>B5= ?OBL-H5ABL 45@52O==KE 4><8:>2, =0A5;5==KE @01>G8<8, <5;:8<8 A;C60I8<8, ?@8:07G8:0<8, ?5=A8>=5@0<8. # :064>3> 4><8:0  =51>;LH>9 >3>@>4, A04 8, :>=5G=>, 10=O: ?@54<5B 8A:@5==53> 87C<;5=8O =5<F52 2 ?5@2CN 8 2B>@CN <8@>2CN 2>9=C. =8 1K;8 C15645=K, GB> @CAA:85 =5 <>NBAO 2>>1I5.  A0<>9 5@<0=88 <KBLAO 2>>1I5 3>2>@O  =5345. =>3>G8A;5==K5 A0;BK:>2A:85 10=8 83@0;8 8 A2>N A>F80;L=CN @>;L.  >A:25, :0: 8 2> 2A5E 3>@>40E, G0AB=KE 10=L =5 1K;>. 1I5AB25==K5  1K;8 =0F8>=0;878@>20=K.  A8;C 2AO:8E ?;0=>2KE =5C2O7>:  B>?;820 4;O =8E =5 1K;>. 0=O 65 2 >AA88  2 AB0@>9 >AA88  1K;0 G5<-B> A@54=8< <564C =0F8>=0;L=>9 B@048F859 8 @5;838>7=K< >1@O4><. >340 <>A:28G8, 2 A0<>< =0G0;5 17-3> 25:0, A25@30;8 F0@O 8<8B@8O !0<>720=F0, 5<C, 2 G8A;5 ?@>G8E =0@CH5=89 =5?8A0==>9 B>340H=59 :>=AB8BCF88, AB028;>AL 2 28=C: ?>A;5 >1540 =5 A?8B 8 2 10=N =5 E>48B. !B>;5B85< ?>74=55, 5B@ 5;8:89, ?KB0OAL 52@>?5878@>20BL >AA8N, >1;>68; 10=8 B0:8<8 ?>1>@0<8, GB> =5 B>;L:> 154=>B0, => 8 A@54=85 <>A:28G8 >?;0B8BL MB8E ?>1>@>2 =5 <>3;8. E 18;8 :=CB>< =0 @K=>G=KE ?;>I04OE, => A2>8E 10=L >=8 =5 ?@540;8. "0: 5B@C 8 =5 C40;>AL 52@>?5878@>20BL >A:2C. -BC :@0B:CN 8AB>@8G5A:CN A?@02:C O ?@82>6C 4;O B>3>, GB>1K A:070BL, :0:CN 8<5==> AB5?5=L :><<5@G5A:>9 ?@54?@88<G82>AB8 8 G53>-B> 5I5 ?@8H;>AL ?@>O28BL E>7O8=C 4><0, 2 :>B>@>< O 68;, ;5:A0=4@C C45=:>, GB>1K ?CAB8BL 8 A2>N 10=L:C 2 =5:89 :><<5@G5A:89 >1>@>B. !2>N <0=A0@4C 2 !0;BK:>2:5 O =0H5; B>;L:> ?>A;5 B@5E<5AOG=KE ?>8A:>2. A5 4><0 2> 2A59 AB@0=5 1K;8 >1>1I5AB2;5=K. ;0=K :0:-B> ?;>E> ?@54CA<>B@5;8 4>64;82K5 >A5=8, @6025NI85 :@KH8, =5>1E>48<>ABL ?>:@0A:8 8 ?>G8=:8; =04 :064K< 4><>< 2>72KH0;>AL =5A:>;L:> 1N@>:@0B8G5A:8 845>;>38G5A:8E =04AB@>5:. ;O ?>G8=:8 :@KH8 =C6=> 1K;> ?>;CG8BL @07@5H5=85, =5 >A=>20=88 @07@5H5=8O =C6=> 1K;> ?>;CG8BL >@45@, =0 >A=>20=88 >@45@0 =C6=> 1K;> ?>;CG8BL :@0A:C, ?>;CG82 :@0A:C, =C6=> 1K;> ?>;CG8BL @07@5H5=85, >@45@ 8 ?@>G55 =0 @01>GCN A8;C,  A;>2><, =0G8=0;0 B5GL :@KH0, ?>4 :@KH59 =0G8=0;8 3=8BL AB5=:8 8 ;N4O< 68BL 1K;> =5345. "0: GB>, =0 4>ABC?=>9 8AB>@8G5A:>9 =0C:5 45:>@0B82=> 45:;0<0F8>==>9 AB>@>=5 A>F80;8AB8G5A:>9 687=8 1K;8 2>@FK !>25B>2 8 B5;8  >A:20  0 ?>2A54=52=>ABL ?@>B5:0;0 ?> 2A5< A2>8< H20<.  !0;BK:>2:5,  =>2>9 M:>=><8G5A:>9 ?>;8B8:8, :0640O CA04L10 1K;0 ?>4G8=5=0 :@5AB>A;>2=> 2708<=> ?5@5:@5I820NI8<AO =0G0;LAB20<. # :064>3> 1K; A2>9 ?;0=, A2>O >1;0ABL 8 A2>8 ?>;=><>G8O. "0: GB> 10=O B>20@8I0 C45=:> 1K;0 ?>4G8=5=0 >4=>2@5<5==> 42C< 04<8=8AB@0F8O<  A0=8B0@=>-38385=8G5A:>9 8 AB@>8B5;L=>9. >G20 2>:@C3 10=8 1K;0 ?>4G8=5=0 75<5;L=><C >B45;C. 5@52LO, :>B>@K5 AB>O;8 >:>;> 10=8 8 :>B>@K<8 MBC 10=L:C <>6=> 1K;> 1K ?>G8=8BL,  1K;8 ?>4G8=5=K ;5A=><C >B45;C. "0: GB>, :>340 10=L:0 AB0;0 ?@>B5:0BL, B> 2KOA=8;0AL ?>;=0O D878G5A:8-04<8=8AB@0B82=0O =52>7<>6=>ABL 55 ?>G8=8BL. C6=> 1K;> 4>18BLAO ?>;=>9 A8=E@>=870F88 45OB5;L=>AB8 >:>;> ?>;C4N68=K :0=F5;O@89. , :@><5 B>3>, @8A:>20BL B5<, GB> ;N10O 87 =8E, C7=02 > ACI5AB2>20=88 10=L:8, A>A5=, CG0AB:0 8 ?@>G53>  <>3;0 1K 70O28BL:  E, C 20A 5ABL 10=L:0  =C B0: <K 55 @5:287=5<. E, C 20A B0< ;8H=OO A>A=0  B0: <K 55 A@C18< 4;O =C64 A5;LA>25B0 .  B0: :0: A>25@H5==> B0:85 65 A>F80;L=K5 2708<>>B=>H5=8O 2>7=8:;8 2>:@C3 >3>@>40, :>7K 8 4N68=K :C@, >1;040B5;5< :>B>@KE 1K; B>20@8I C45=:>  B> 10=L:0 AB0;0 A>2A5< ?@>B5:0BL, >3>@>4 1K; 701@>H5= 8 :C@K =5;530;L=> AJ545=K. >B><  =0ABC?8; -. !=0G0;0 5<C :0:-B> =5 ?>25@8;8: >?OBL :0:>9-B> ?>42>E. >B>< AB0;8 :0:-B> H525;8BLAO  GB>-B> :>?0BL, GB>-B> G8AB8BL, GB>-B> G8=8BL, GB>-B> 4065 8 AB@>8BL. =>3>G8A;5==0O 04<8=8AB@0F8O E>48;0 C3@N<> 8 C3@>60NI5: 55 ?>;=><>G8O B0O;8 A :064K< 4=5<, 8 55 4>E>4K B0O;8 A B5< 65 :064K< 4=5<.. 0G0;0AL B0 ?0@B89=0O 157@01>B8F0, :>B>@0O 2?>A;54AB288 AK3@0;0 @5H0NICN @>;L 2 45;5 ;8:2840F88 --0. > ?>:0 GB> <>9 B>20@8I C45=:> AB0; ?@>O2;OBL A2>N G0AB=>-A>1AB25==8G5A:CN 8=8F80B82C. , 2 G0AB=>AB8, ?>A;5 45;>2KE @0AG5B>2 8 4CH52=>-38385=8G5A:>9 1>@L1K  ?@>40; A2>N 10=L:C 8 >3>@>4 >:>;> =55 :0:><C-B> <>A:>2A:><C @01>G5<C.  B0: :0: C @01>G53> 45=53, 5AB5AB25==>, =5 1K;>, B> ?@>40; 55 2 @0AA@>G:C: @01>G89 1C45B 2K?;0G820BL A2>9 4>;3 ?@>4C:B0<8 A2>53> >3>@>40. 0 =0H59 CA04L15 ?>O28;AO MB>B @01>G89 A 25AL<0 <=>3>G8A;5==>9 A5<L59 8 25AL<0 A:C4=K<8 ?>68B:0<8. A5 >=8 ?>:0 GB> @07<5AB8;8AL 2 4@>2O=>< A0@05 8 A2>N =>2CN 687=L =0G0;8 A B>3>, GB> 70B>?8;8 10=L:C 8 >B<K;8 A A51O 2A5 =0A;5485 @52>;NF8>==>9 >A:2K: 3@O7L, 2H59, :;>?8=K5 O9F0 8 2A5 ?@>G55. 20 ABC;0, AB>;, >4=0 :@>20BL ?>425@30;8AL <=>3>:@0B=><C >H?0@820=8N :8?OB:><, 15;L5 1K;> ?@>20@5=>, @51OB8H:8 1K;8 2KAB8@0=K.  ?>B>< =0G0;0AL 8AB8==> ;8E>@04>G=0O 8 8AB8==> :0?8B0;8AB8G5A:0O 45OB5;L=>ABL. 0=L:0 1K;0 ?@52@0I5=0 2 68;L5  ?>B>< >:>;> =55 2>7=8:;8 :0:85-B> A0@09G8:8 8 ?@8AB@>5G:8. K; @072545= >3>@>4. 5B8H:8 AB0;8 ?0AB8 42CE :>7.  :;5BCH:0E 7025;8AL :@>;8:8. > 42>@C AB0;8 1530BL :C@K. K; 2K@01>B0= ?OB8;5B=89 ?;0= ?>:C?:8 :>@>2K. 51OGL8 A:5;5B8:8 AB0;8 >1@0AB0BL :>5-:0:>9 ?;>BLN. @81;878B5;L=> B>B 65 ?@>F5AA ?5@56820;0 8 2AO !0;BK:>2:0: 2A5 GB>-B> :>2K@O;8, GB>-B> AB@>8;8 8 GB>-B> @072>48;8. >5-:0:85 35=80;L=K5 ;N48 >B:@K;8 402=> 701KBK9 A?>A>1 1>@L1K A :@878A>< ?CB5< ?>AB@>9:8 45@52O==KE 4><>2: ?>5E0BL 2 ;5A, A@C18BL =5A:>;L:> 45AOB:>2 A>A5= 8 ?>AB@>8BL 871C. =0, :>=5G=>, =5 1C45B  2>@F>< !>25B>2 , => 68BL 2 =59 1C45B <>6=>. 0@B89=0O 04<8=8AB@0F8O AB0;0 >1=0@C6820BL, GB> 2AO MB0 <5;:>-1C@6C07=0O A2>;>GL <>65B 68BL 2>2A5 157 >@45@>2, @07@5H5=89, ?;0=>2 8 2A53> ?@>G53>  ?0@B89=0O 04<8=8AB@0F8O A:@565B0;0 7C10<8 8 3>2>@8;0:  C, ?>4>648B5, =5 2A5 :>BC <0A;O=8F0 ... 0@B89=0O 04<8=8AB@0F8O >:070;0AL ?@020: <0A;O=8F0 --0 :>=G8;0AL. "0: 65 =570<5B=> 8 ?>AB5?5==>, :0: 8 =0G0;0AL. .@848G5A:8, A B>G:8 7@5=8O  3>AC40@AB25==>3> ?@020 <>6=> CAB0=>28BL =0G0;L=CN 8 :>=5G=CN 40BK ACI5AB2>20=8O  ?5@54KH:8 . 0 ?@0:B8:5 MB> 1K;> =5 B0: ?@>AB>: 2A5 7028A5;>  2 =0G0;5 >B AB5?5=8 A>?@>B82;O5<>AB8 ?0@B89=>9 04<8=8AB@0F88 8  2 :>=F5  >B AB@5<8B5;L=>AB8 55 :>=B@=0ABC?;5=8O.  B>@3>2>9 >1;0AB8 45;0 ?@>8AE>48;8 ?@81;878B5;L=> B0:. > --0 :064K9 B>@3>25F 1K;  A?5:C;O=B>< , ?>AB02;5==K< B0: 65 2=5 70:>=0, :0:, 5A;8 25@8BL 8AB>@8:0<, 1K; ?>AB02;5= A@54=525:>2K9 52@59: :064K9 D5>40; <>3 53> >3@018BL 8 AJ5ABL. = 1K;  2@03>< B@C4OI8EAO . >B>< >= AB0;  =M?<0=><  B5@<8= ?A8E>;>38G5A:8 A>>B25BAB2CNI89  4><C B5@?8<>AB8 . >B>< >= AB0;  :@0A=K< :C?F><  8 4065  =0H8< :@0A=K< :C?F>< ,  MB> 1K; 0?>359 53> A;02K 8 687=545OB5;L=>AB8. I5 ?>765 >= AB0;  =5?;0B5;LI8:>< =0;>3>2 , 53> >1;030;8 =8 A G5< =5A>>1@07=K<8 ?>1>@0<8 8 2 A;CG05 =5?;0B560,  2KAK;0;8 2 !>;>2:8.  0H :@0A=K9 :C?5F A=0G0;0 >B:C?0;AO 27OB:0<8. >B>< ?5@5AB0;8 ?><>30BL 4065 8 27OB:8.  0H :@0A=K9 :C?5F A?5H=> ;8:2848@>20; A2>8 =5E8B@K5 ?@54?@8OB8O 8 =>@>28; ?5@51@0BLAO :C40-=81C4L 2 !@54=NN 78N. >5-:><C MB> C40;>AL. >5-:>3> >1=0@C68;8 4065 8 2 !@54=59 788 8 >B?@028;8 2 !525@=CN !818@L: =M?<0=A:>5 ?@>H;>5 AB0;> B0:8< 65 =5A<K205<K< ?OB=><, :0: 2 "@5BL5< 09E5 =50@89A:0O 101CH:0.  @07=KE <5AB0E 8 A;>OE AB@0=K :0B0AB@>D0 ?@8H;0 2 @07=KE D>@<0E.  !0;BK:>2:5 65 ?@>87>H;> :C@>2>4AB2>. 45-B>, 7=0G8B, @>48;AO =0 A25B >689, 2A5A>N7=K9 8 2A5A0?>6=K9 ?;0=. / 53> =5 87CG0;. > ?@54?>;030N, GB> >48= 87 ?C=:B>2 MB>3> ?;0=0 ?@54CA<0B@820; A=0165=85 A0?>6=>3> ?@>;5B0@80B0 :C@8=K<8 O9F0<8. > B0: :0:  ?5@54KH:0 :>=G8;0AL 4065 8 4;O :C@, B> O8F =5 1K;>. K;8 ?;0=K :C@>2>4AB20. 48= 87 =8E ?>3C18; 7K1:>5 A0;BK:>2A:>5 1;03>?>;CG85. !0;BK:>2A:85 BC75<FK ?@>4>;60;8 :>5-:0: ?8B0BLAO =0 A2>5< A>1AB25==>< ?>4=>6=>< :>@<C. <?>@B 87 A>?@545;L=KE A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E C45;>2 A>:@0I0;AO :0B0AB@>D8G5A:8.  2>B >G5@54=>9 ?;0= >B:@K; ?5@54 =0H8< ?@83>@>4>< =>2K5 ?5@A?5:B82K. >>?5@0F8O ?@54;>68;0 !0;BK:>2:5 70=OBLAO :C@>2>4AB2><. =0, :>>?5@0F8O, 405B BC75<F0< ?;5<5==K5 O9F0, 8=AB@C:F88 4;O >1@0I5=8O A =8<8, 8 :>@< ?> B25@4K< F5=0<. "C75<FK 1C4CB @072>48BL 1@0<0?CB@,  2 ?@>4>2>;LAB25==>5 254><AB2> ?> AB> O8F A :C@8FK 2 3>4  B>65 ?> B25@4K< F5=0<  0 >AB0;L=K<8 O9F0<8 <>3CB @0A?>@O60BLAO 0=0@E8G5A:8  8;8 20@8BL 2A<OB:C 8;8 60@8BL O8G=8FC. 04 3>;>40NI8< =0A5;5=85< !0;BK:>2:8 27>H;0 70@O =>2KE ?;0=>2KE =04564. 0@O 1K;0 =5A:>;L:> 70BC<0=5=0 ?@54H5AB2CNI8<8 ?5@56820=8O<8  0?5@F5?F8O, :0: =07K20NB MB> H:>;L=K5 CG51=8:8 ?A8E>;>388: :0:>9 8 345 BCB ;568B ?>42>E? > ?>;>65=85 1K;> 1572KE>4=K< 8 B5@OBL, :070;>AL, 1K;> =5G53>. >B>< >:070;>AL, GB> 4065 8 <>5<C 10==><C @01>G5<C 5ABL GB> B5@OBL. !;>2><  1K;8 ?>4?8A0=K  8=48284C0;L=K5 4>3>2>@K 1C4CI8E :C@>2>4>2 A :>>?5@0F859, A ?@>4>2>;LAB25==K< 254><AB2><, A 25B5@8=0@=K< 254><AB2>< 8 5I5 :>5 A :5<. K;8 ?>;CG5=K O9F0. 5A:>;L:> ?>765 O ?KB0;AO 2KOA=8BL 8E A515AB>8<>ABL 4;O =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20. 064>5 O9F> >1>H;>AL <5=LH5, G5< AB>8;0 1K ?>:C?:0 >--C@0. > =5 2> <=>3> @07 <5=LH5.  =3;8N 1K;> ?>A;0=> B@8 70:C?>G=KE :><8AA88. < ?;0B8;8 60;>20=85, :><0=48@>2>G=K5, ?@>574=K5 8 2AO:>5 B0:>5. 8 >4=0 87 B@5E :><8AA89 2 :C@>2>4AB25, 25@>OB=>, =8G53> =5 ?>=8<0;0: 0=3;89A:85 ?>@>4K 1K;8 2K@0I5=K 4;O <O3:>3> :;8<0B0 =3;88 8 : <>A:>2A:8< <>@>70< >:070;8AL 5I5 <5=55 ?@8A?>A>1;5==K<8, G5< =5<5F:0O 0@<8O. '0ABL O8F ?> 4>@>35 ?5@518;0AL. '0ABL >:070;0AL 3=8;>9. >>1I5  1K;8  =5C2O7:8 . > G0ABL 4> !0;BK:>2:8 2A5-B0:8 4>H;0: !0;BK:>2:0, ?>  ?;0=C 4>;6=0 1K;0 A=0160BL ?@>4C:B0<8 :C@>2>4AB20 <>A:>2A:CN 1N@>:@0B8N. "0: GB> N6=K5 :C@>2>4G5A:85 A>2E>7K =5 ?>;CG8;8 8 >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0 ?;0=>2KE O8F, !0;BK:>2:0 ?>;CG8;0 2A5 AB>. E, ;CGH5 1K;> 1K =5 ?>;CG8BL 4065 8 >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0. >9 10==K9 @01>G89 ?@8E>48; :> <=5 A>25B>20BLAO. / A:070;: ?;N=LB5. 01>G89 A:070;: 0 GB> <>O A5<LO 1C45B 5ABL? 0 ?>A;54=89 2>?@>A O =8:0:>3> >B25B0 40BL =5 <>3. !;>2><, ?>O28;8AL O9F0, ?>O28;8AL =0A54:8, 1K; ?>AB@>5= :C@OB=8:  AB0;8 1530BL FK?;OB0 8 :>>?5@0B82 459AB28B5;L=> 4020; :>@<; N6=K5 A?5F80;L=K5 D5@<K =5 ?>;CG8;8 =8G53>. >B>< =0G0;8AL  ?5@51>8 ,  =5C2O7:8 8 2>>1I5  =54>702>7 . >>?5@0F8O @072>48;0 @C:0<8 8 3>2>@8;0:  702B@0 >1O70B5;L=> ?>4257CB . C@>2>4K 3>2>@8;8:  0 G5< 65 <K 1C45< :>@<8BL :C@ A53>4=O?   C, C6 2K B0< :0:-=81C4L ?>AB0@09B5AL . >9 10==K9 @01>G89 >4>;68; C <5=O B@84F0BL @C1;59 8 :C?8; OG<5=L =0 G5@=>< @K=:5. >B>< 5I5 ?OBL45AOB @C1;59. >B>< @5GL 70H;0 > ?OB8AB0E: @C1;8 =0 G5@=>< @K=:5 ?040;8 :0B0AB@>D8G5A:8  25G5@>< AB>8;8 ?@>F5=B>2 =0 ?OBL 45H52;5, G5< CB@><. OB8A>B @C1;59 C <5=O =5 1K;>. 01>G89 ?>257 O9F0 =0 G5@=K9 @K=>:. 0 G5@=>< @K=:5 53> 0@5AB>20;8,  =>, ?@8=8<0O 2> 2=8<0=85 53> ?@>;5B0@A:CN ACI=>ABL, >B?CAB8;8  O8F, >4=0:>, =5 25@=C;8. >B>< ?@8H;0 :><8AA8O ?@>4>2>;LAB25==>3> 254><AB20 8 ?>B@51>20;0 A40G8 O8F. / 1K; 2K720= 2 :0G5AB25 G53>-B>, 2@>45, ?@02>70ABC?=8:0. # <5=O 5ABL :>5-:0:>5, >G5=L A:C4=>5 8 402=> 701KB>5, N@848G5A:>5 >1@07>20=85. # :><8AA88 =5 1K;> 8 B0:>3>. / 4>:07K20;, GB> B0: :0: :>>?5@0F8O A2>53> >1O70B5;LAB20 ?> ?>AB02:5 :>@<0 =5 2K?>;=8;0, B> =5;L7O 65 8 >B <>53> :C@>2>40 B@51>20BL A40G8 O8F: 0 >=  G5< 65 4>;65= :C@ :>@<8BL?  <>8< N@848G5A:8< 4>2>40< :><8AA8O >B=5A;0AL A>25@H5==> @02=>4CH=>: =0< 4> :>>?5@0F88 =8:0:>3> 45;0 =5B, <K  703>B>28B5;L=0O >@30=870F8O, C =0A A2>9 ?;0=, 40209B5 O9F0. /8F ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 1K;>. ><8AA8O 70O28;0, GB> >=0 :>=D8A:C5B :C@. / A:070;  B0: >=8 65 C 20A 2A5 @02=> ?5@54>E=CB. ><8AA8O A:070;0, GB> MB> <5=O =5 :0A05BAO. 01>G89 A:070;:  G5@B A 20<8, 345-=81C4L 4>AB0=C 8 A40<, ?>4028B5AL 2K MB8<8 O9F0<8 . > 5A;8 1K 40==0O :><8AA8O 8 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 ?>4028;0AL 1K MB8<8 O9F0<8  MB> =8:0:>3> 2KE>40 2A5 @02=> =5 4020;> 1K: ?@845B 4@C30O :><8AA8O 8 ?>B@51C5B O8F: >B:C40 8E 27OBL? ><8AA8O CH;0, ?@83@>782 ?@84B8 ?>A;5702B@0. 5G5@ A53>4=OH=53> 4=O >7=0<5=>20;AO :>=D8A:0F859 :C@ C A>A54=8E :C@>2>4>2, :>B>@K5 >B ?>AB02:8 =5ACI5AB2CNI8E O8F >B:070;8AL =0>B@57. C@K 1K;8 ?><5I5=K 2 :0=F5;O@88 703>B>28B5;L=>3> 254><AB20 8 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>9 0B<>AD5@K =5 2K45@60;8  B> ;8 ?5@54>E;8, B> ;8 1K;8 AJ545=K 703>B>28B5;O<8. >5-:B> 87 :C@>2>4>2 4>3040;AO AJ5ABL :C@ A>1AB25==>@CG=>. @8H;0 <8;8F8O 8 A>AB028;0 ?@>B>:>; > A01>B065: 45;> ?0E;> AC4>< 8 BN@L<>9. >74=8< 25G5@>< ?> 70@0=55 A>AB02;5==>9 ?OB8;5B:5 <>9 10==K9 @01>G89 A25@=C; H58 2A59 A2>59 D5@<5  ?>B8E>=L:C, 157 ?@>;8B8O :@>28 8 >AB02;5=8O A;54>2, ?>B>< 1K; ?>4=OB :@8:: 2>@K, :0@0C;, 45@68 8 ?@>G55. 0 :@8: 701;03>2@5<5==> A1560;8AL A>A548  2 B>< G8A;5 8 O, 1K;0 2K720=0 <8;8F8O, 8 <8;8F8O =8G53> ?>45;0BL =5 <>3;0: 2>B  2 A0<>< 45;5 27;><0==K9 :C@OB=8:, 8AG57=C2H85 :C@K 8 H5ABL HBC: A2845B5;59, :>B>@K5 A;KH0;8, :0: :B>-B> ;><0; :C@OB=8:, :0: :B>-B> 1560; A <5H:0<8, =0?>;=5==K<8 ?>E8I5==K<8 :C@0<8. 8;8F8O =5 ?>25@8;0 =8 >4=><C A;>2C, 8 4=O B@8 ?>4@O4 ?@8E>48;0 A<>B@5BL  0 GB> 8<5==> 20@8BAO 2 3>@H:5 <>53> =57040G;82>3> :C@>2>40. > 8 MB> 1K;> ?@54CA<>B@5=>: :C@K 1K;8 A20@5=K 2 4@C3>< <5AB5 8 AJ545=K 2 ?>4?>;L=>< ?>@O4:5. > !0;BK:>2:0 1K;0 @07>@5=0. >5-:B> ?>?0; 2 BN@L<C 70 A01>B06 8 2@548B5;LAB2>, :>5-:B> A40; A2>8E :C@ =0 25@=CN 1N@>:@0B8G5A:CN A<5@BL, :>5-:B> CE8B@8;AO A@568AA8@>20BL :@06C, ?@>B>:>; 8 ?@>G55, =>, 2 >1I5<, 45=L38, 2;>65==K5 2 G5@=K9 OG<5=L, 8 25I8, 4;O MB>3> ?@>40==K5 =0 B>< 65 G5@=>< @K=:5,  ?@>?0;8 15A?>2>@>B=>. >NAL, GB> <=5 A:06CB: >AA8O, 78O, =5>@30=87>20==>ABL. 5<FK, 3>2>@OB, E>@>H85 >@30=870B>@K.  G5< 8AB>@8O A ?@8M;L1A:8<8 A040<8 ;CGH5 8AB>@88 A A0;BK:>2A:8< :C@>2>4AB2><? > ?>2>4C A04>2 <=5 ?@8H;>AL 15A54>20BL A ?@54AB028B5;5< 254><AB20, ?>3C182H53> ?;>4>2>9 C@>609. >;65= ?@87=0BLAO, GB> A A0<>3> =0G0;0 O <5B>4>;>38G5A:8 =5?@028;L=> ?>AB028; 2>?@>A. / A?@>A8; =5:  > G5< 65 2K 4C<0;8? , 0  <MI>G5<<D> 65 2K 4C<0;8? B25B =5 =>A8; E0@0:B5@0 4@C65A:>3> 87;8O=8O. > 2A5-B0:8 1K;0 A45;0=0 AAK;:0 =0 :0:85-B> 70?@>AK, ?>A;0==K5 2 :0:>5-B> 4@C3>5 254><AB2>. / A?@>A8;: AG8B05B ;8 <>9 A>15A54=8: A?5;CN 3@CHC =0AB>;L:> ?>;8B8G5A:8 A>7=0B5;L=>9, GB>1K >=0 70E>B5;0 ?@>45@60BLAO =0 45@525 4> <><5=B0 >:>=G0=8O ?5@5?8A:8 >4=>3> 254><AB20 A 4@C38< 254><AB2><? >9 A>15A54=8: ?@54;>68; <=5 =5 702>48BL 745AL 2 5@<0=88  @CAA:8E ?>@O4:>2 . / ?>?KB0;AO 4>:070BL 5<C 8AB8==> <564C=0@>4=K9 E0@0:B5@ 1N@>:@0B8G5A:>3> >1@070 459AB289. 7 MB>3>, @07C<55BAO, =8G53> =5 2KH;>. > <>8< =01;N45=8O<, 0 B0:65 8 ?> A0<>=01;N45=8N  =8:0:>9 1N@>:@0B =5 <>65B ?@87=0BL 1N@>:@0B>< A0<>3> A51O. N48 3>B>2K ?@87=0BLAO 2 G5< C3>4=>: O 2840; AB0@KE ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=KE 2>@>2, :>B>@K5 =5 157 =5:>B>@>9 :;0AA>2>9 3>@4>AB8 3>2>@8;8:  O  2>@, 2>@>< 8 ?><@C . > O 5I5 =8 @07C 2 A2>59 687=8 =5 2AB@5G0; G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 G5AB=>  4065 8 1C4CG8 ?>9<0==K< A ?>;8G=K<  ?@87=0;AO 1K, GB> >= 5ABL 459AB28B5;L=> 1N@>:@0B.  :064><, 4065 8 A0<>< 15AA?>@=>< A;CG05  :064K9 1N@>:@0B >128=8B 2 1N@>:@0B87<5 :064>3> A2>53> A>A540 ?> 1N@>. > B>;L:> =5 A0<>3> A51O. > B0:>9 AB5?5=8 F8=87<0 G5;>25G5AB2>, :065BAO, 5I5 =5 4>@>A;>. >65B 1KBL, 4>@0AB5B. >645=85 1N@>:@0B0 /?@81;878B5;L=> A>3;0A5= A 0=3;89A:>9 ?>3>2>@:>9, :>B>@0O AG8B05B, GB> 5ABL ;65FK, 5ABL ?@>:;OBK5 ;65FK, => GB> EC65 2AO:8E ?@>:;OBKE ;65F>2  AB0B8AB8:8. C<0N, GB> A> 2AO:8<8 ?>?@02:0<8, >3>2>@:0<8 8 ?@>G8<  =5<FK ?>AB02;ONB AB0B8AB8:C, :>B>@>9 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 <>6=> 25@8BL. !0<0O ACI5AB25==0O >3>2>@:0 1C45B A2>48BLAO : B><C, GB> 8<5==> =5<5F:0O AB0B8AB8:0 A:;>==0 ?@>2>@>=8BL, ?@>H;O?8BL, ?@>7520BL A0<CN ACI5AB25==CN AB>@>=C O2;5=8O. !2>4:5 > @>AB5 1N@>:@0B88 2 >::C?0F8>==KE 7>=0E, ?@82545==>9 2  8@BH0DBA &09BC=3 , 2 >1I5<, 25@>OB=>, <>6=> 25@8BL. 5<FK C<5NB ?>AB028BL CG5B. 5 8E 28=0, GB> >= >1KG=> :>=G05BAO ?@>AG5B><. "0:, 2 F8D@0E =K=5H=59 =5<5F:>9 1N@>:@0B88 >BACBAB2C5B F8D@0, :>B>@0O, A>1AB25==>, <>3;0 1K 1KBL B>65 CGB5=0. B0:: =0 ?OBL 8;8 =0 H5ABL 27@>A;KE <C6G8= =K=5H=59 0?04=>9 5@<0=88 ?@8E>48BAO >48= 1N@>:@0B. >6=> 1K;> 1K A:070BL: B0:>9-B> ?@>F5=B <C6A:>3> =0A5;5=8O AB@0=K =5 ?@>872>48B =8G53>, :@><5 ?;0=>2, 1C<065: 8 @07@5H5=89. > 5A;8 2K ?@845B5 2 ;N1CN :0=F5;O@8N, B> 2K >1=0@C68B5: ?5@54 AB>;>< :064>3> G8=>2=8:0 AB>8B :0:>9-B> E2>AB. =>340 >= :>@>G5 2>@>1L8=>3> =>A0, 8=>340 >= BO=5BAO =0 A>B=8 <5B@>2. '8=>2=8:, :>B>@K9 ?@8=8<05B ?@>A8B5;59  =8G53> =5 ?@>872>48B. > 8 ?@>A8B5;8, AB>OI85 2 E2>AB5  B>65 =5 <>3CB ?@>872>48BL =8G53>: >=8 AB>OB 2 E2>AB5. >B5@O G5;>25G5A:>3> 2@5<5=8, =5@2>2 8 74>@>2LO, >B AB>O=8O 2 E2>AB0E, ?>:0, :065BAO, =5 CGB5=0 =8:0:>9 AB0B8AB8:>9  E>BO <>6=> 1K;> 1K CG5ABL 8 8E. 5A:>;L:> B@C4=55, 25@>OB=>, CG5ABL 4@C3>5 >1AB>OB5;LAB2>: @>AB G8A;0 G8=>2=8:>2 02B><0B8G5A:8 >7=0G05B @>AB 2AO:>3>  @53C;8@>20=8O . >AB 2AO:>3> @53C;8@>20=8O B0:65 02B><0B8G5A:8 >7=0G05B @>AB 2AO:8E ?>?KB>: 53> >1>9B8, A =8< A?@028BLAO 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, : =5<C ?@8=>@>28BLAO. ;O @53C;8@>20=8O MB8E ?>?KB>: >1>9B8 @53C;8@>20=85  =C65= :0:>9-B> =>2K9, @53C;8@CNI89 0??0@0B. N@>:@0B8O :0: ?>A52 <8:@>1>2 =0 ?8B0B5;L=>< 1C;L>=5.  :064K9 87 MB8E <8:@>1>2 ?>;0305B, GB> >=, 2 >1I5<, G5AB=> 45;05B A2>5 45;>: 2>B, ?;>48BAO, <=>68BAO 8 ?8H5B 1C<06:8.  5A;8 5<C ?@8E>48BAO ?8A0BL 8E A;8H:>< <=>3>  B> MB> 2>2A5 =5 ?>B><C, GB> 5<C B0: E>G5BAO, 0 B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 2 A>A54=5< 4><5 ?><5I05BAO 8AB8==K9 1N@>:@0B, :>B>@K9, 2>B, 8 @072>48B 2AO:85 ?@54?8A0=8O. 5H8B5;L=> B> 65 4C<05B <8:@>1, ?><5I0NI89AO 2 A>A54=5< 4><5. 2@>?0 =0G0;0 =K=5H=53> 25:0 1K;0 ?5@5?>;=5=0 ?@8;8G=K<8 ;N4L<8. =8 3>2>@8;8 A?0A81>, merci, danke schon 8;8 thank you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jus vitae necisque  ?@52@0B8;8  254CI55 A>A;>285 2 :;0AA @01>2;045;LF52. !>25@H5==> B0:8<8 65 ?CBO<8 H;8 8=:2878B>@K, O:>18=FK, :><<C=8ABK 8 =0F8ABK. 0:8<8 ?CBO<8 ?>94CB  D0=0B8:8 ?;0=0 ? -=BC780ABK >1>1I5AB2;5=8O? A?8@0=BK =>2>3> ?@02OI53> A;>O? 0:85 :>=NH=8, :>AB@K, !>;>2:8 8 5;L75=K 64CB =0H8E 2=C:>2, 45B59, <>65B 1KBL, 8 =0A A0<8E? B>  =0 @C1565 19 8 20 25:>2  <>3 ?>25@8BL 2 0@89A:>5 70:>=>40B5;LAB2> AB@0=K 535;O 8 5B5, 2 AB>;8FC B@C4OI8EAO 2A53> <8@0  2 >A:2C 8 2 D0:B8G5A:>5 70:@5?>I5=85 2A53> =0A5;5=8O 2@>?K ?> <5=LH59 <5@5 : 2>AB>:C >B 59=0? B> A59G0A <>65B ?@542845BL ?;0=>2K5 =58AB>2AB20 1;8609H8E ;5B?  8@ 2> 7;5 ;568B  25AL <8@. 8G=K9, 3@C??>2>9 8 ?@>G89 M3>87< G5;>25G5AB20 28A8B =04 2A5<8 =0<8 ?>AB>O==>9 C3@>7>9. 8:0:0O  :C;LBC@0 ,  45<>:@0B8O 8 ?@>G55  =5 40NB =8:0:>9 30@0=B88 ?@>B82 @>645=8O =>2KE @01>2;045;LG5A:8E D>@<0F89. =3;89A:85 ;>@4K 2 @;0=488, 0<5@8:0=A:85 ?;0=B0B>@K 2 "5E0A5, 3535;52A:85 ?>B><:8 2 5@<0=88 8 B>;AB>2A:85 >AB>2K 2 >AA88,  2A5 >=8 459AB2>20;8 ?> >4=><C 8 B><C 65 H01;>=C. >=4>=A:89 ?0@;0<5=B =5 ?><5H0; @01AB2C @;0=488, @CAA:0O <>=0@E8O  =8 42>@O=A:><C, =8 A>25BA:><C :@5?>AB=><C ?@02C, 259<0@A:0O 45<>:@0B8O  =0F8ABA:8< C189AB20<, 2AO :C;LBC@0 $@0=F88  =8 O:>18=F0<, =8 :><<C=0@0<.  20-< 25:5 1K;8 AG0AB;82> 2>A:@5H5=K : 687=8 <5B>4K '8=38AE0=0 8 >@B5F0. 07C<55BAO, GB> <5B>4K 45:;0<0F88 C '8=38AE0=0 8 C A>25BA:8E ?;0=>28:>2 =5A:>;L:> @07;8G=K. > @57C;LB0BK A>2?040NB ?>GB8 ?>;=>ABLN. ... 2A5 <K 701K205< >1 >4=><: 2A5 =0H8 A2>1>4K 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5 A2>4OBAO : A2>1>45 :>=:C@5=F88.  ?@>B82 A2>1>4K :>=:C@5=F88 1C45B 2>AAB020BL 2AO:0O 3@C??0, :>B>@0O =5 @0AAG8BK205B 2K45@60BL A2>1>4=CN :>=:C@5=F8N. !2>1>40 @5;8388  5ABL A2>1>40 4;O :>=:C@8@CNI8E 25@>8A?>2540=89. !2>1>40 <KA;8  5ABL A2>1>40 :>=:C@8@CNI8E 8459. AO:89 1>;55 8;8 <5=55 ?@8=C48B5;L=K9 E>7O9AB25==K9 ?;0= 5ABL CAB@0=5=85 A2>1>4K E>7O9AB25==>9 :>=:C@5=F88, 81> @57C;LB0B>2 MB>9 :>=:C@5=F88 =8:0:>9 ?;0= ?@542845BL =5 <>65B. >6=> ?;0=8@>20BL B@5=8@>2:C 1>:A5@0, :0: <>6=> ?;0=8@>20BL @01>BC D01@8:8. > =5;L7O ?;0=8@>20BL 1>:A5@A:>3> <0BG0, :0: =5;L7O ?;0=8@>20BL 2A53> E>7O9AB20: 2 :>=5G=>< AG5B5 4>;65= ?>1548BL A8;L=59H89. >, 5A;8 A8;L=59H89 70@0=55 =58725AB5= 8 =5 <>65B 1KBL 8725AB5=, B> 4;O 30@0=B88 ?@54CA<>B@5==>9 ?;0=>< ?>154K  >4=0 87 AB>@>= 2>>@C605BAO =>6><. =:2878F8O CAB@0820;0 :>=:C@5=F8N 5@5A59, @CAA:>5 42>@O=AB2>  :>=:C@5=F8N 4@C38E A>A;>289 >AA88, ?>;8B1N@> :><?0@B88  4@C38E 8459 8 ?;0=>2, 8B;5@  :>=:C@5=F8N 4@C38E =0@>4>2 8 @0A, M=BC780ABK ?;0=0  2>>1I5 2AN E>7O9AB25==CN :>=:C@5=F8N G5;>25G5AB20. A5 MB> ?@8:@K205BAO  84559  >B  2KAH59 @0AK 4> 20=35;8O 2:;NG8B5;L=>. 0 2A5< MB8< =8:0:>9 8458 =5B.  5A;8 4065 1;030O 25ABL ;N128 1K;0 8A?>;L7>20=0 4;O 70AB5=:>2, B> GB> 65 3>2>@8BL > =0F87<5, <0@:A87<5, A>F80;87<5, ?@>;5B0@80B5 8 ?@>G5< 2 MB>< @>45. >4 ;N1>9 87 MB8E 8459 ?@OG5BAO A;>9 =5C40G=8:>2, :>B>@K9 E>G5B AB0BL :;0AA>< ?0@078B>2. !B0=>2OAL ?0@078B><, >= =5 <>65B C45@60BLAO 8=0G5, :0: B5@@>@><. 0G8=0O B5@@>@, >= >B@57K205B A515 2A5 ?CB8 >BABC?;5=8O.  >= =587156=> >D>@<;O5BAO 2 48:B0BC@C: <>=0E>2, 42>@O=, O:>18=F52, :><<C=8AB>2, =0F8AB>2 8 ?@>G8E, 2K@010BK205B <5B>4K 2>>@C65==>3> ?>402;5=8O 2AO:>9 :>=:C@5=F88 8 >@30=87C5B 1N@>:@0B8G5A:CN ?>;8F59A:CN <0H8=C, ?@81;878B5;L=> >48=0:>2CN 4;O 2A5E A;CG052 2AO:>9 48:B0BC@K 2AO:>3> A;>O. A;8 1K O 1K; 3;C1>:8< 8AA;54>20B5;5< A>F80;L=KE AC451 G5;>25G5AB20, O ?>AB0@0;AO 1K 40BL E>BL ?@81;878B5;L=K9 >B25B =0 8AB8==> AB@0H=K9 2>?@>A > B><, :0:8< 8<5==> >1@07>< >48= ?@>F5=B =0F88 <>65B ?>4G8=8BL 8 ?>@01>B8BL A515 >AB0;L=K5 452O=>AB> 452OBL ?@>F5=B>2.  A0<>< 45;5: ?0B@8F88 8 ?;5158 8<0 2@5<5= 53> @0AF25B0 A>AB02;O;8 >:>;> >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0 >AB0;L=>3> =0A5;5=8O <?5@88. 420 ;8 1>;LH89 ?@>F5=B A>AB02;O;> 42>@O=AB2> D5>40;L=>9 2@>?K. CAA:>5 42>@O=AB2> =0AG8BK20;> 2 A2>5< A>AB025 >:>;> <8;;8>=0 G5;>25:  B> 5ABL <5=LH5 >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0. "5@@>@8ABK D@0=FC7A:>9 @52>;NF88 =5 4>AB830;8 4065 8 >4=>3>. ><<C=8AB8G5A:0O ?0@B8O !!!   B>65 >:>;> >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0. 0F8ABA:0O ?0@B8O 5@<0=88 A>AB02;O;0 7=0G8B5;L=> 1>;LH5, => 745AL ?0@B89=>5 G;5=AB2> =>A8;> ?@8=C48B5;L=K9 E0@0:B5@: 0:B82 ?0@B88 5420 4>AB830; ;8 8 >4=>3> ?@>F5=B0. K 2A5, 2A5 ;N48, :>B>@K< A59G0A >:>;> 8;8 1>;LH5 H5AB845AOB8  ?5@568;8 M?>EC 25;8:>3> 27;5B0 =0H8E =04564 8 =0H8E G0O=89. K ;8G=> ?@8ACBAB2>20;8 ?@8 ?@074=8:5 =0ABC?;5=8O 4204F0B>3> 25:0. / 5I5 ?><=N N18;59=K5 A1>@=8:8, 2 :>B>@KE ?>42>48;8AL 3>@4K5 8B>38 702>520=8O< XIX AB>;5B8O 8 2K@060;0AL 5I5 1>;LH0O C25@5==>ABL 2 5I5 1>;LH8E 702>520=8OE XX. >B  B5?5@L <K 52@>?59FK  8 702>520=K. B> <>3 2A5 MB> ?@54?>;030BL 2 N18;59=KE A1>@=8:0E 1900 3>40?  :B> <>65B A:070BL, :0:85 8<5==>  702>520=8O ?@8=5A5B C65 =5 =0<, => 45BO< =0H8<, 4204F0BL ?5@2K9 25:? 5F5?B <-@0 . #M;;LA0 >AB05BAO, :065BAO, 548=AB25==K< @5F5?B><:  F5=0 A2>1>4K  MB> 25G=0O 148B5;L=>ABL . 3;02;5=85 1. @5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@ 2. 1I89 >17>@ 3.  A515 A0<>< 4. 5>6840==>ABL 5. >5-GB> > >AA88 6. @>G5AB20 @50:F88 7. >;:8, H:C@K 8 D0:BK 8. >;:8 8 >2FK 9. >AB>: 8 70?04 10.  ?@>;5B0@8OE 2A5E AB@0= 11. 5=0AB>OI89 A>F80;87< 12. 'B> 5ABL 1N@>:@0B8O? 13. ::C?0F8>==K9 A>F80;87< 14. ;0=, :C@8F0 8 2K545==>5 O9F> 15. !0?>6=K9 ?;0= 16. >645=85 1N@>:@0B0 17. >4>A;>2=0O @CAA:>3> 1N@>:@0B0 18. %8<8G5A:8 G8ABK9 1N@>:@0B 19. 87=L 157 4><:><0 20. B@065=8O ?@8;8G=>3> 2840 <C6G8=K 21. 815;L A5;54:8 F H lm<OOL Lpee.xXXoo.Ld&e> > \ $ B D p 2 CJmH CJ,,tH xZ$n)/4:AO:VZbti$nXnuN ,H$u ,HHڨ0<&&b  zv2$L$D0h6::Accd eem~sy6",$a>ccd eem~sy6",.dxp0~^   ,,x~!#%T/2x59=A~F$MZ\]kstx}(ΐ .HP$إFظp,^Vl2 0^!x$/82>DJX\F^&cfjyZ{L}d.dxp0~^   ,,x~!#%T/2x59=A~F$~F$MZ\]kstx}(ΐ .HP$إFظp,$^Vl2 0^!x$/82>DJX\F^&cfjyZ{L}~r&$L}~r&rNb @nlX @,6 ",0269AzCHE[ee$ipx>yҚfB.H$,hVV#)\-27@dDDKMxXXb\@`aeooyҚfB.$H$,hVV#)\-27@dDDKMxXXb\$b\@`aeoojRFX80nV X c18;HCMNPXT^flu{Іf|*ʤf*n.$v2@L hl+1H;LI]d&eg:knxtx{$^>jRFX80nV X  . / = $X  . / = A `F J] k Lo &y & މ В x n L > d : x  0   % L* F> NH N pQ PX 6] (c j Dl o w w :~ z 8 D ~   > \  H   ^    ~ @$ ' l/ 1 4 7 9 DD G N bV \ c 0n n n To o Bp v   d= A `F J] k Lo &y & މ В x n L > d : x  $ 0   % L* F> NH N pQ PX 6] (c j Dl o w w :~ z 8 D ~   $ > \  H   ^    ~ @$ ' l/ 1 4 7 9 DD G N bV \ $\ c 0n n n To o Bp v   t  " ~ T l ļ  : h & $ t  " ~ T l ļ  : h & ^ о  @ r , |  B0: =07K20,88 459AB2C5B ?> ?@58<CI5AB2C ,,: I0=89 A>F80;87<0  =5 2KH;> 07K20=8O 4-@0 (C<0E5@0 5ABL ,,,NBAO =0 3@5H=CN 75<;N. ">340 8B>B ?>;B8==8: 1K;, :>=5G=>, 27OB:>9;KE ?0?8@>A . =8 =5 <>3CB,4@ @>5< 65 2K 4C<0;8? , 0  G5< [&@&1KG=K9mH8`8 03>;>2>: 1 $@&CJ<`< 03>;>2>: 2$$@&CJ:A@:A=>2=>9 H@8DB 0170F0b  HD0V0G~F&"b\1=   \ & aL}X  fq! =A8 A   c h i n A F I S SXFKsx{.G')1279CD<@07@MNWXb # !"!""####%%% %!%&%:%F%%%&&&&C'H'''''(((())Y*[*c*d*Z,`,,,10600012o2x222Q3[3444444445555(5)5-5253575&6066666669(9)9*9+9-99999P:T:0<;<==@"@AAAAAADDF FFF4G6GDGEGGGGG@IHImIsIJJKKKKDMIMMMMMOOOOOOOO-T4TETJTLTMTNTPTTTTTUUUUQWVW[[aaaa a$aHdRdleneoeresexezeeeeBhOhi$i5j9j.l5lppqqqqBsHsPsXs[sds$+݌ɏӘܘ"#0 ĜŜɜ*7,5 ݫ ms.:akv}S_sz9?@FGJNP#DHLV^gjs&(  I T  378?""?$N$d&s&r'y'V+b+--//u///////0000011112266D6P6]7b7s8|8%:6: <<<<t<<+=6=n>u>m@q@@@@@@@@AA AA"ABB DDEEGGGGHHHH&I,IeJkJKK(P0PPPQR!R'RLTVT=XIXV\a\b\h\i\j\Sf\f gg[hbhiiDlUlp#p?pEpqq`rerrrssssssIP-6how6I S[EP      ,q}37  P!W!" "^(e(((v)z)))k+y+U,\,,,,,,,,,-!-//r0}0000042<266(<-<L<X<Z<e<g<p<r<y<{<<==A=d=k====>>>A/AmA}AABE FFFFFFFFFFFFFFGJ KZPdPQQRRS#STTXXYYYYZZ)_,_-_5_7`<`````bbffg&gqgghh[ieikkmmooepgpppppppttt%t&t,t-t4tuuv#v#x)xvyyyyyyz}}}}}}~~$0}fjÁ܁lp 'ELx?CW\7Jɒ̒Ӓ_g.@sz)6"u¹*1ڼNS -oyz B[)/3=K[ \a y~-t~MY.6ls7<fk]b} 6?X^V[! !c+m+U6Z6[6c6';4;-AGABBFFIIIII J|KK N)NtWWWW'X.XZZ\\[^f^Oc]cdd)f:fgggg hh+h@hhh:iOiiiOlVlGnUnqq:sAsssIxYx7;<CmuˌϏӏՏW] ,3:/; <?fp9Eܮhrxôϴy~˺3>>HZc6;#r}z6? yMWhrtahH R  ( oy|n"|"))Z2o222 464U;];??AAAAtCCFG?GIG3HAHNRZRWWXX~ZZZZZZ[\bbhhhhiik!kakkkGwQw~~ÀBEu̘ݘ'4<C,8X]ǶyθK\("%\fMPhkBEPU!1ak"*4EOx|!+3  (2l)7!A!!!##S*a*D-K-L-Q-R-V-\-e-&0-07769A9==????DDEEpIzIKKM"MMNQQ[[I`X```BfGfq qssssEtKttttt/u9u!{7{g|v|z6?@GRd,3~ıDZbfp|͵˽ڽBHFL@CDIJR\dszd~Wb5=6=W]FL07O Q c!e!"l"E#G#|#$$$#&%&4&6&w&y&&&))--1133445588=>@@_@f@DDHHcIeITJVJLLMMNNOOPPQQ2W4WWWZZ[\^C^__``)b6bccLgTgggjhildmpp6r@rcrr"s+srwywxxy=y6z@z}}{$+cdӅڅڇ"zaeד͙љɚΚ.3Ŝɜܝ2;Vv#.áǢ29HM(2bkikݫ\npw}-2*8&V]szw supzu|_w>RX '=GMT&)4<]mvAC' 0 ' * }|in7r{ E H   z""$$0%2%Z&c&&&r'y')) --1111559t:::<<C<J<g>i>m@q@@@@ ADKEEE J&JKKLLpMuMMM(P0PPPlQwQkSuSS8UUUWWW\\\\6^;^A`J`aabb:gHȜqPs¬`gosBG]_ڹڻ=QUgpy~Y[ (5ot'9AqwAHMcaf]f6@<>GN>D!TV*   ?      M+-  ""$$$$(((())**C,E,--..//002 288;<<=?>>?@A AOEQEJJNN[P]PRRUFUVVkWWWWZZp\w\FaHaeeffDiJi*jjllNmVmOoWopp5qGV[]_, 0 0#8##0$()**,,--3.7.h..f/m///11!7.7::!<l<d=|=uA{AABKB/CE!EG GG HEHMHII|KKMN;QQ{SSSSWW'X.XXXv[x[^^bbbdee)f:fffEgIgehhxi~iNjUjkk?lElooIpOppp:sAsvwwwwzz|~23 ʅ݈q~-8Y[PVrt{j},1xzӡޡzQ\GRêƪ y~˺-6;GJ @IWZRZZc=?J Z-9"+3ahi&h|D [ r     E TU:L]N!"%%--//00m3333w7{7::e::;;0=6=c=g=??@@AA9C:C4G8GeGlGGGLLEPNPRRU3UUUWkYYY>Z[EbIbYd|dffg2gNgrghhllmm;nCnnnpptrr[u\uzz_{}{{{}}~~Łwy!(̈ՈY\i͍T\Lfő]{ӔԔOS0 Οӟ+/ Z^{mu#X]pwOV!RV-^}%1)045NU.2"PW{167lrq+2ITkltgz &       4;LPak Y]!$f"Pn1"7"$$X&[&''))<*i*o+v+m.r.v/{/10C000 11 2)23344~5599=:g:<<ECRC>EGEgFmFHIIIpKKsL{LLLOO%Q+QQQTTUU WWcYZ^^:_S_.b6brdyd%fQfggggiikknnnop qHuIuJuKunzC|m|o|~~?A†~ 8E%,ÑGJ=I$/cv&@RWKc"(367<rwhkU_ԭHq۱ڳ&-͵ݷ$/ %˽ڽ&EMPROU)0b~ HO d;048<8@ 5;8:>2'C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\2B>:>?8O <?>B5=BK.asd;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc@HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1:HPFDJC23HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,dHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,d55L554bppp p GTimes New Roman5Symbol3& Arial"htDtDUzR 20V'@CHAPTER TITLE = @5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@<8B@89 !CH:>2;048<8@ 5;8:>220V'@CHAPTER TITLE = @5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@<8B@89 !CH:>2;048<8@ 5;8:>2 [&@&1KG=K9mH8@8 03>;>2>: 1 $@&CJ<@< 03>;>2>: 2$$@&CJ<`< 03>;>2>: 3$$@&CJB`B 03>;>2>: 4$$@& 56CJ :A@:A=>2=>9 H@8DB 0170F0  v                              ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ? @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v $19>JW4d@qN}!ٰ4_x)#.:GTan{i<<= -:FIS+`lty`s:ɹY:G,L9FwR$_[ly =D?!!w/;HwUbo{jOIx˽i%Vg $n1=J|Wdq&8cX o  E R1uoq: T^@ !W"K#$%&'()*"+Z,-j./n012h34Z5X67e89:9;J<=>p?*@AB)C DEFGgHIJKLnMNOPQvRhSTUqVWHXYZj[&\ ] ^_`ab5cdAefNgh0ij;klCmnopqrmsGtu'()?cM T%+)H+/2589>5A}ABDIJK0OO=RU\XYYD]`dcmr3t=vw{@}M}N}͂DŽƊhaޚoptU+,RSeGpmk4GCUGx_/z > ], m!$%%(D+->...t//0e00^47:C`JJNGR&\f\,^9^cejo ttBux;xyz;3C zY ^|Ƿ<.LhR,zXn\[r E - #+,V/0!3:p;i<G=>@AVB|EMGH:LMNtQT:Z\^`cbdefhjkn\r,u6xRz}ׁȋ/ԖCy`Nɹ[--C! GKi2  /\P#$)*+-.{055L9;=@CHK=OwRTUaW[k^kklqw|׎svS2֥٬%D,bD<,?%A/N ,LN"m,!0;0h1E357:;3?ADGG]KQMMPT[aglllo{rtxxyyy@{{ӃԊuؠMN;_N%!Zu0# !%a&)D,=/235299<?f@DKEGJhKN5STUUZM`|hj6o0suXvzhɏ_˟-&ڨy%Sʵn0c:h 0F_y7Kdp xp 5p xp p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x p x p x p x p xp x p xp xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p xp x p xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p xp x p xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp x p x p x p xp xp x p xp xp xp x p xp xp xp x p xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x'p xp xp xp x p xp x p xp xp x p x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x#p xp xp xp x p x$p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x p x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp x p x p x p xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x!p xp x p xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp x p xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p x p x p x p xp xp xp x p xp x p x p xp x p xp xp x)p xp x      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~      !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~p xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p xp x p xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp x p xp x p xp x p x p xp xp xp xp x p xp x p x p x p xp x p xp x p x p xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p x p xp x p xp x p x p xp xp xp x p x1p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p xp x p x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x p xp x p xp x p xp xp xp x p xp xp xp x p xp xp x$p xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp xp x p x'p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x+p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p x p x p xp xp xp xp xp x%p xp x p xp x p x p x p xp xp xp xp xp x p x p xp xp xp x p x p xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x p xp x p xp xp x p xp x p xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp xp x'()?cM T%+)H+/2589>5A}ABDIJK0OO=RU\XYYD]`dcmr3t=vw{@}M}N}͂DŽƊhaޚoptU+,RSeGpmk4GCUGx_/z > ], m!$%%(D+->...t//0e00^47:C`JJNGR&\f\,^9^cejo ttBux;xyz;3C zY F H lm<OOL Lpee.xXXoo.Ld&e> > \ $ B D p CJmH CJ+ P. A!"#$%  !' ""#  "" ;8G=K<:@>202K< 0BLN 3>40<8 3>;>40 8 AB@0E0. >?@545;5=8O: GB> 8<5==> /45B A>25@H0BL 40;LH5, => =0 40==K9 , 8 535;L.  D8;>A>D0<8 =5 <>=0@E88. 2K25A:>9 <>=0@E>2, :>B>@K5 ,,,, ,, 2 >;LH5 48:B0BC@C B0: =07K20,88 459AB2C5B ?> ?@58<CI5AB2C ,,: I0=89 A>F80;87<0  =5 2KH;> 07K20=8O 4-@0 (C<0E5@0 5ABL ,,,NBAO =0 3@5H=CN 75<;N. ">340 8B>B ?>;B8==8: 1K;, :>=5G=>, 27OB:>9;KE ?0?8@>A . =8 =5 <>3CB,4@ @>& ^ о  @ r , | $ B D p r t $ [&@&1KG=K9mH8@8 03>;>2>: 1 $@&CJ<@< 03>;>2>: 2$$@&CJ<`< 03>;>2>: 3$$@&CJB`B 03>;>2>: 4$$@& 56CJ :A@:A=>2=>9 H@8DB 0170F0 '()?cM T%+)H+/2589>5A}ABDIJK0OO=RU\XYYD]`dcmr3t=vw{@}M}N}͂DŽƊhaޚoptU+,RSeGpmk4GCUGx_/z > ], m!$%%(D+->...t//0e00^47:C`JJNGR&\f\,^9^cejo ttBux;xyz;3C zY _}ȷ=/MiS-{Yo]\s F . #+,W/0"3:q;j<H=>@AWB}ENGH;LMNuQT;Z\^`dbdefhjkn]r-u7xSz}؁ɋ0ՖDzaOʹ\..D" HLj3! 0]Q#$)*+-.|055M9<=@CHK>OxRTUbW[l^kklqw|؎twT3ץڬ&E-cE=4G- I7V   4TV"u,)0C0p1M357 :;;? ADOGeKYMMP\[ ah"lll ortxxyyzH{{ۃ܊}UVCþgV-)#b}8+ !%i&)L,E/235:99<?n@DSEGJpKN=STUUZU`hj>o8s$u`vzpяg'ӟ5.ɴ-[ҵv8kBp%8Ng?Sl(8&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^((((((((((((((((((((((((((e*e*e*e*e*666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666660000000000000000000mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHV HD0V0G~F&"b\1=   \ & t aL}X  ;@ADEJ59fj a j  > H j o r | |otWpPT#>E, 1 +!0!"#####%%*%+%.%/%4%H%T%%%&&&&Q'V'''''(((())a,g,,,80=0002 2v2222X3b3446666v9{9994:8:<<==?@DDEEFFGGGGIIe?eBeCeHeJePeQeWehhhhj jklppuq}qqqss s(s+s4sŌΌӌЙՙ֙ۙ`m n{dijsɥ֥ץߥ«ٮ߮?E 3=HO%1[_ekEL VX_b "hl(09<Ey{Yc   '   ^"o"$#$9&H&G'N'++7+--..J/c///////q0v0w00p1~11111556%62777H8Q89 :;;;;I<X<= =C>J>B@F@@@@@BBCCDDoGwGxGGGGQHWHHH4J:JKKOOQPZPQQQQT%T XX#f,fff+h2hiil%looppqq0r5rrrssssss ttzy~yyy~~;<34 .#|7D]iYZsѣl' UaͲزnx26p}Ķ˶7?|%+28=>@AFGJ MTJZ BM7A`e px)08ER] T]Sajn b i Y j 5A]cnrw}  !!!!"()(h(o(:)>)))/+=+, ,L,Q,z,,,,,,,,//60A0]0g0z0012}66;;<<<)<+<4<6<=<?<G<==(=/=======@@1AAAAAEEPFTFUFWFXF\FiFrF~FFFFFFJJP(PQQRRRR^TeTXXYYYYZZ^^^^_`````rbbmfrfff5gEghhi)ikkllxooppppssssssssuuuuww3yGyXy^yuyy7}>}j}q}}}}}~~:>lp#'BG^botEI^c)-Ue҇ڇ݇ 5=Y]s$Uh07תڪ۪ߪ2?m{q ozp%/07fwLSU\/:4B#-ry" ,1MS    ++6 6 66::@@@BYBFF5IJIpIIII,K?KMM$W0WWWWWoZzZ_\e\ ^^b ccdodeeUg`ggggggg5hAhhhJiTiklmnBqGqrrAsIsw xX\]d%Paj{=@AGHJKO КܚQWߝƞО[d ȪϪBL"(2sdm).d{\l AJKPkp"-*6EQCM)37@"BPVbzuw|}GV?HIPw|~$2KRQ\<O    ),6=K",")) 22P2\233; ;|??xAAAA$C6CFFFFGGQ RWWyX}X[[bbgg9hBhMiWijjkkvw6~@~:NV`csOS%>4;FMT_|O\ףªΪܰ ȵew);^pq~ ǹع6Aҽw LVU`<Fx{(9,6P[/ D 6:@  {!!##**,,,--- --//7788==????DDDD!I+IrK|KLLMMQQe[s[_ `p`z`eeppUs^snsssssttttttzz|'|+7EMNU`rݠEOR\jo/4ux!-5<k~| $+R] ^f_fag>E] _ q!s!-"z"S#U##$$$1&3&B&D&&&&&))--11334455w88==??C@J@CCHH2I4I#J%JLLMMrNNOOPPQQWWeWtWZZ[\]^__P`\`abachcg$ggg:hil4m`pfprr3rrrrBwIw\x_xx yzzf}j}J]zЁbl͂pń23mwIŌnjgq04fhqw (Hɡ} 4=;=«.@BIOV ָٽmn(/ELgIsEGBLoqGN1Imn$*&0@I   ~PO<A\f    O"]"$$%%/&8&&&G'N'w)z),,0011p559I:::;;<<<>>>B@F@CEEEIIKKNLSL?MDMMMOONPPP;QFQ:SDSySUVV'\_\\\^ ^``aakbpb g gbghiij>kk lllmmTmVmmmmmdnfnQqUqrrtr3s:sQvwzzz7{7}>}}}Ny|-H|ҒגHJGIȤͤllrB`d˰а/6>B %'Saf/8ae~:?HABz05V^anv28 $$)!*fh ou[_i         bha}hp!!$$$$''z(())K*P*, ,r-t---r/t/]0g011\88q;i<j<G=>>??@@EEEJzJVN\NP!P]RfRT UVV/WHWYW`WZZ4\;\ a areteQf[fiiiTjllmmoooopp#r*rTr[rcrdrnsysttxx7}>}9;fhUWUeVXˆ5K  8aUhޘ;DmrLMJRtw.sɰаafhOT\ĸԺռ޼ۿݿ.1USV#7=SU,Vufi'/ We{%~2cR j   8;6?^c4:  ""Q##((]*d*++----.f.////]1k166O:U:;<=+=$A*AAAABDDFFHGGGGpII,K?KLNPQ+S2SOSoSWWWWuX|X&[([^^`bbbQdGePeeeffffhh(i.iijjjkknnoo2p8prr&w2wwwSzZz|~z!.4ݎ  "B$+-ܙ(**242RT svȪϪ¬\`ϵ8?).d{ݾ0\lKPbd=BXb_mm    A9?\e1:MTavz,K " A     = !!V%X%i-j-//0034333'7+799:<:1;8;<<==|??Q@R@AABBFFGG[G`G2L@  'ȵCѻZh-KRVJO1lo+3irEO"!@34$*  / D C I     :@\!!$$ & &i'm'2):))* +'+.#.'/,///000011>3G333/545e9n99:D<J<BCDDFFHHOIXI!KeK$L,LfLlLNNPPQQvTzTUUV4WY`Zj^^^_aa#d*def~ggggUi_ihknkvnznnnppttttz{| |I~`~GLos/0֏ݏnt՗'י`r?hgnZǡӢ٢`LS#("AG\b³׳޳k~շֻ:AB|y{/SXGiT\Rf;048<8@ 5;8:>2'C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\2B>:>?8O <?>B5=BK.asd;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc@HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1:HPFDJC23HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,dHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,dWW]WU GCJmHFGCJmHD &')OUX`aJ*l*m*5#5$5b6{6}6qA{AF GGMM@}L}M}ghUV  "#no@@@hUiUG<YBC|}~ ǷȷLM p(pCpDpFpGprBBQRUW0" 1$ 18 1: 1> 0@ 0B 1D 0n 0p 01t 1f21 1 121 13031 1 0P;1 1D 0X1:n1F 1tn1H 1z 02q1~ 0J1 1n01 01001 00+1 1?1 0A1 01 01 1>1 04?1 10 1 02021 0;1R 0=1T 0J1V 1X 0^M1Z 1rl0l1s0s0t1 10ڛ1 11 01 01 11 11 001 01T 01V 1x 0 1 01 0^$ 0 1 0B 0 1 0 1 0H 0 GTimes New Roman5Symbol3& Arial"AhtDFzDJzR 24d '@CHAPTER TITLE = @5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@<8B@89 !CH:>2;048<8@ 5;8:>2 []mzRd+rUXVX_!6ʊr(+LPiXZd^9ۇ8R^&L2XLsiYln&D>fdk,hSbz-? Q=s)vdGq;,BO%lJu3"<ڥL9p*&ÆE)`kYHqU9;ff.N,ԛX6dEsY8&>'%3HjgdGL̈Zd.J?ۙQK'2&sP̜n<q bjbjt+t+ AA] 1 1 1 1 111111111LNNNMO$F:'i11111'~111~~~1%11L1L~~LL114`+ عt/ 1W 'LRoot Entry FEA`+ ع1Table[WordDocument SummaryInformation(       !"#$%&'()*POSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~DocumentSummaryInformation8CompObjjObjectPoolmGmG0TableR  _PID_GUIDAN{DDD2F660-1224-11D4-87D1-A248200752C6} Oh+'0 0< X d p|(@CHAPTER TITLE = CHA =Normal  3Microsoft Wo  F Microsoft Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q ՜.+,D՜.+,` hp   FantomasTR z 1 (@CHAPTER TITLE =   6>rd 8.0@40@G@LHѹJ  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~NQ^|Ƿ<.LhR,zXn\[r E - #+,V/0!3:p;i<G=>@AVB|EMGH:LMNtQT:Z\^`cbdefhjkn\r,u6xRz}ׁȋ/ԖCy`Nɹ[--C! GKi2  /\P#$)*+-.{055L9;=@CHK=OwRTUaW[k^kklqw|׎svS2֥٬%D,bD<,?%A/N ,LN"m,!0;0h1E357:;3?ADGG]KQMMPT[aglllo{rtxxyyy@{{ӃԊuؠMN;_N%!Zu0# !%a&)D,=/235299<?f@DKEGJhKN5STUUZM`|hj6o0suXvzhɏ_˟-&ڨy%Sʵn0c:h 0F_y7Kd(8&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^((((((((((((((((((((((((((e*e*e*e*e*66666666666666666666666666666666666666666666660000000000000000000mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHVHV2 HD0V0G~F&"b\1=   \ & t aL}X  Unknown;048<8@ 5;8:>2;@ADEJ59fj a j  > H j o r | |otWpPT#>E, 1 +!0!"#####%%*%+%.%/%4%H%T%%%&&&&Q'V'''''(((())a,g,,,80=0002 2v2222X3b3446666v9{9994:8:<<==?@DDEEFFGGGGIIe?eBeCeHeJePeQeWehhhhj jklppuq}qqqss s(s+s4sŌΌӌЙՙ֙ۙ`m n{dijsɥ֥ץߥ«ٮ߮?E 3=HO%1[_ekEL VX_b "hl(09<Ey{Yc   '   ^"o"$#$9&H&G'N'++7+--..J/c///////q0v0w00p1~11111556%62777H8Q89 :;;;;I<X<= =C>J>B@F@@@@@BBCCDDoGwGxGGGGQHWHHH4J:JKKOOQPZPQQQQT%T XX#f,fff+h2hiil%looppqq0r5rrrssssss ttzy~yyy~~;<34 .#|7D]iYZrУk& T`̲ײmw15o|öʶ6>{$*17<=?@EFI LSIY AL6@ _d ow(/7DQ\ S\R`ima h X i 4@\bmqv|  !!!!!(((g(n(9)=))).+<+,,K,P,y,,,,,,,,//50@0\0f0y0011|66;;<<<(<*<3<5<<<><F<=='=.=======@@0A@AAAEEOFSFTFVFWF[FhFqF}FFFFFFJJP'PQQRRRR]TdTXXYYYYZZ^^^^__````qb~blfqfff4gDghhi(ikkllwo~oppppssssssssuuuuww2yFyWy]ytyy6}=}i}p}}}}}~~9=ko"&AF]ansDH]b(,Tdчه܇4<X\r#Tg/6֪٪ڪު1>lzp~ nyo$./6evKRT[.93A",qx! +0LR    ++66 66::@@?BXBFF4IIIoIIII+K>KMM#W/WWWWWnZyZ^\d\ ^^b cbdndeeTg_ggggggg4h@hhhIiSiklmnAqFqrr@sHswxW[\c$O`iz~<?@FGIJN ϚۚPVޝŞϞZcǪΪAK!'1r~cl(-cz[k @IJOjo!,)5DPBL(26?!AOUay?N7@AHotv{|*CJIT 4G    !$.|5C"$"))22H2T233:;t?{?pAxAAAC.CFFFFGGQR{WWqXuX[[wbbgg1h:hEiOijj kkvv.~8~2FNX[kGK6,3>ELWtGTϣܣƪ԰]o!3Vhivй.9ʽoxDNMX 4>wzps 1$.HS' < .28  s!}!z##) *,,,,,,--//x7788==????DDDDI#IjKtKLLMMQQ][k[_`h`r`eeppMsVsfsksss|ttttttzz||#/=EFMߌ Xjՠܠ=GJTbg',mp %-4cvt{ x#w~ ^f_fag>E] _ q!s!-"z"S#U##$$$1&3&B&D&&&&&))--11334455w88==??C@J@CCHH2I4I#J%JLLMMrNNOOPPQQWWeWtWZZ[\]^__P`\`abachcg$ggg:hil4m`pfprr3rrrrBwIw\x_xx yzzf}j}J]zЁbl͂pń23mwIŌnjgq04fhqw (Hɡ} 4=;=«.@BIOV ָٽmn(/ELgIsEGBLoqGN1Imn$*&0@I   ~PO<A\f    O"]"$$%%/&8&&&G'N'w)z),,0011p559I:::;;<<<>>>B@F@CEEEIIKKNLSL?MDMMMOONPPP;QFQ:SDSySUVV'\_\\\^ ^``aakbpb g gbghiij>kk lllmmTmVmmmmmdnfnQqUqrrtr3s:sQvwzzz7{7}>}}}Ny|-H|ҒגHJGIǤ̤kkqA_cʰϰ.5=A $&R`e.7`d}9>G@Ay~/4U]`mu17 ##( )eg ntZ^h         ag`|go!!$$$$''y(())J*O*,,q-s---q/s/\0f011[88p;h<i<F=>>??@@EEDJyJUN[NP P\ReRT UVV.WGWXW_WZZ3\:\ a aqesePfZfi iiSjllmmoooopp"r)rSrZrbrcrmsxsttxx6}=}8:egTVTdUWʆ4J  7`Tgݘ:ClqKLIQsv-rȰϰ`egNS[øӺԼݼڿܿ-0TRU"6<RT+Uteh&. Vdz$}1bQ i   7:5>]b39   ""P##((\*c*++----.e.////\1j166N:T:;<=*=#A)AAAABDDFFGGGGGoII+K>KLNPQ*S1SNSnSWWWWtX{X%['[^^_bbbPdFeOeeeffffhh'i-iijjjkknnoo1p7prr%w1wwwRzYz|~y -3܎ !A#*,ۙ'))131QS ruǪΪ[_ε7>(-czܾ/[kJOac<AWa^ll  p 917T])2 ELYnr$C  9       5{!!N%P%a-b-//003,3337#799 :4:);0;<< ==t?{?I@J@xAzABBFF GGSGXG*L4LOOhRRTT+U1UWY{Y|YYG[aad$dfffffggg]lblllmmzn|n5p8pr0ruupzqz{%{s{{*}1}~~=m4>!ɆІJPt}ċAugmN#){|ؖVÝȝ\d9>v{Ӥפ*1#+İưñ˱68;ɻR`%CJN}wzBGz{)dg#+aj=G8+,"  ' < ; A     28T!!$$&&a'e'*)2))*++../$///00001163?333'5,5]9f99:<<B<BBDDFFHHGIPIK]KL$L^LdLNNPPQQnTrTwU|UV,W YXZb^y^^^aad"deevg|gggMiWi`kfknnrnnnppttttz{||A~X~?Dgk'(ΏՏfl͗ؗ ϙXj7`_f RˢѢXܣߣDK }9?TZϳֳcvͷطλ29:tqs 'KP?aLT ;048<8@ 5;8:>2'C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\2B>:>?8O <?>B5=BK.asd;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2 C:\>8 4>:C<5=BK\1\<?>B5=BK.doc;048<8@ 5;8:>2A:\<?>B5=BK.doc@HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1:HPFDJC23HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,dHP DeskJet 830C Series Printer;  d,,HP DeskJet 830C Series PrinterLPT1 ,,d̮̮D̮̮ GCJmHFGCJmHt &')OUX`aJ*l*m*5#5$5b6{6}6qA{AF GGMM@}L}M}ghUV  "#no@@@hUiUG<Y AB{|} ƷǷKL p'pBpCpEpFpqBB]svIJMO  0" 1$ 18 1: 1> 0@ 0B 1D 0n 0p 01t 1f21 1 121 13031 1 0P;1 1D 0X1:n1F 1tn1H 1z 02q1~ 0J1 1n01 01001 00+1 1?1 0A1 01 01 1>1 04?1 10 1 02021 0;1R 0=1F1T 0J1V 1X 0^M1Z 1rl0l1s0s0t1 10ڛ1 11 01 01 11 11 001 01T 01V 1x 0 1 01 1, 01 0^$ 0 1 0B 0 1 0 1 0H 0 GTimes New Roman5Symbol3& Arial"AhtDzD&IvzR v4d''@CHAPTER TITLE = @5420@8B5;L=K9 >17>@<8B@89 !CH:>2;048<8@ 5;8:>2q$ bjbjt+t+ AA ][l]l]l]l]l]f" ĸDԹԹԹԹԹԹԹԹPRRRMS  $zn+ l]ԹԹԹԹԹ+ hl]l]ԹԹ8hhhԹ%l]Թl]ԹP] bl]l]l]l]ԹPhhPl]l]PԹh4æDt/^ 'PRoot Entry FEAæ1Table"WordDocument SummaryInformation(       !"#$%&'()+,-./0123456789:;FGHIJKLMOSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~  F Microsoft Word MSWordDocWord.Document.89q ՜.+,D՜.+,` hp   FantomasTR z1 (@CHAPTER TITLE =   6> _PID_GUIDAN{DDD2F660-1224-11D4-87D1-A248200752C6} Oh+'0 0< X d p|(@CHAPTER TITLE = CHA =Normal  4Microsoft Word 8.0@dN@G@pævIQ