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"0:0O :>=F5?F8O ?>72>;O5B ?>=OBL 3;C1>:>5 DC=:F8>=0;L=>5 548=AB2> ?A8E8G5A:>9 M2>;NF88, =5 70BCH52K20O ?@8 MB>< @07;8G89 2 ?@8@>45 @07;8G=KE AB@C:BC@, A2>9AB25==KE ?>A;54>20B5;L=K< MB0?0< MB>9 M2>;NF88. 0: B>;L:> 4>AB83=CB0 ?>;=0O >1@0B8<>ABL (B. 5. 4>AB83=CB ?@545; =5?@5@K2=>3> ?@>F5AA0, 345, >4=0:>, A2>9AB20 40==>3> A>AB>O=8O 25AL<0 >B;8G=K >B A2>9AB2 ?@54H5AB2CNI8E D07, 81> B>;L:> =0 MB>< MB0?5 =0ABC?05B @02=>25A85), @0=55 =5381:85 M;5<5=BK ?@8>1@5B0NB A?>A>1=>ABL : <>18;L=>9 :><?>78F88, :>B>@0O :0: @07 8 >15A?5G8205B 8E AB018;L=>ABL, ?>A:>;L:C 0::><>40F8O : >?KBC  2=5 7028A8<>AB8 >B E0@0:B5@0 2K?>;=O5<KE 2 MB>< A;CG05 >?5@0F89  =0E>48BAO B>340 2 ?>AB>O==>< @02=>25A88 A 0AA8<8;OF859, 2>72545==>9 A0<8< MB8< D0:B>< 2 @0=3 =5>1E>48<>9 454C:F88. 8B<, @53C;OF8O 8 3@C??8@>2:0 >1@07CNB, B0:8< >1@07><, B@8 D07K M2>;NF8>=8@CNI53> <5E0=87<0, A2O7K20NI53> 8=B5;;5:B A <>@D>35=5B8G5A:8<8 A2>9AB20<8 A0<>9 687=8 8 40NI53> 5<C 2>7<>6=>ABL >ACI5AB2;OBL A?5F8D8G5A:85 040?B0F88, >4=>2@5<5==> 1573@0=8G=K5 8 C@02=>25H5==K5 <564C A>1>9, :>B>@K5 2 >@30=8G5A:>< ?;0=5 1K;8 1K =52>7<>6=K.  8065 8<55B 2 284C CG0AB85 . 595@A>=0 2 42865=88 "!>?@>B82;5=8O"  54.  "@54 CAB0=>2;5==0O 30@<>=8O" (1.1)  MB> @5H5=85 ?@>1;5<K, 2=CB@5==5 ?@8ACI55 :;0AA8G5A:><C :@50F8>=87<C, 0 >=0 O2;O5BAO 548=AB25==> 2>7<>6=K< >1JOA=5=85< 040?B0F88, :>B>@K< @0A?>;0305B 28B0;87< 2 53> G8AB>9 D>@<5. @5D>@<87< (1.2) 8=>340 A2O7K20;AO A 28B0;8ABA:8<8 @5H5=8O<8 ?@>1;5<K, >= <>65B >A2>1>640BLAO >B 28B0;87<0 8 45;05B MB> 4>2>;L=> G0AB>, 2KABC?0O 2 D>@<5 <CB0F8>=87<0 C B5E 02B>@>2, :>B>@K5 >B@8F0NB 70 M2>;NF859 :0:>9-;81> :>=AB@C:B82=K9 E0@0:B5@ 8 @0AA<0B@820NB 2A5 =>2>5 2 ?>2545=88 682KE ACI5AB2 :0: 0:BC0;870F8N ?>B5=F88. 4> B>9 ?>@K >AB0202H8EAO ?@>AB> A:@KBK<8. -<5@65=B=0O B>G:0 7@5=8O (1.3), =0?@>B82, A2>48BAO : >1JOA=5=8N 2A53> =>2>3>, B> ?>O2;O5BAO 2 85@0@E88 ACI5AB2, ?>A@54AB2>< F5;>AB=KE AB@C:BC@, =5 A2>48<KE : M;5<5=B0< ?@54H5AB2CNI53> 35=5B8G5A:>3> C@>2=O. 7 MB8E M;5<5=B>2 "M<5@68@C5B" =5:0O =>20O F5;>AB=>ABL, :>B>@0O 040?B82=0 8 >1J548=O5B 2 >4=> =5@07;>68<>5 F5;>5 :0: 2=CB@5==85 <5E0=87<K, B0: 8 8E A2O78 A 2=5H=59 A@54>9. -<5@65=B<0O 38?>B570, E>BO 8 ?@8=8<05B D0:B M2>;NF88, => A2>48B M2>;NF8N : A5@88 A8=B57>2, =5 A2>48<KE >48= : 4@C3><C, 4@>18B 55, ?@52@0I0O, ?> ACI5AB2C, 2 @O4 =>2KE A>B2>@5=89.   <CB0F8>=8ABA:8E 8=B5@?@5B0F8OE M2>;NF88 ?>A;54CNI89 >B1>@ >B=>A8BAO 70 AG5B A0<>9 A@54K. # 0@28=0 >= >1JOA=O5BAO :>=:C@5=F859.  !<.: B.Russell. 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