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'53> <=5 A59G0A E>G5BAO? ?>F5;>20BL B51O, <>9 !0=4@>, E>48BL ?> ?CABK==K< C;8F0<, A =0AC?;5==K<8, :0: AB0@8G:8, 4><0<8, 8 1>;B0BL > <8;KE ?CABO:0E. @85E0; >8A58, =04> >1O70B5;L=> ?>A<>B@5BL 0<;5B0 2 53> 8A?>;=5=88, GB>1 A@02=8BL A '5E>2K< (...) 21-3> 2>A:@5A5=L5. 4C<05< ?>9B8 A . =0  !25@G>: =0 ?5G8".  5=O, 1@>AL, =5 65<0=LAO, 1C4L 5AB5AB25==0, =5 3>=8AL 70 A><=8B5;L=K<8 MDD5:B0<8. 8:>340 =5 B5@O9 87 284C ?@024C 687=8. 1924 3. 15-5 5:01@O. >9 <8;K9, <8;K9 !0=4@>! <=5 A53>4=O B0: 70E>B5;>AL 2845BL B51O, 8 A59G0A A5@4F5 =0?>;=5=> :0:>9-B> A<CB=>9 B@52>3>9. "0:0O <C:0! 157C<=> E>G5BAO 2845BL B51O, ?>GC2AB2>20BL B2>N ;0A:C, >1<5=OBLAO <KA;O<8, 2?5G0B;5=8O<8, A;8H:>< BO3>AB=> MB> 3;C?>5 >48=>G5AB2>. "51O 5I5 =5B, 8 8=>340 3>@OG0O 25@0 2 B2>9 ?@8E>4 ><@0G05BAO B0:8< >BG0O=85< 8 A><=5=85<, 8 AB0=>28BAO 2>7<>6=>9 B0:0O C60A=0O <KA;L, GB> BK...... =5B, =5B...... ;CGH5 C9B8 2 =51KB85. 0: ?5@5=5ABL 2A5 A><=5=LO 8 B@52>38 8 :0: 68BL 157 B51O, !0=4@>!?.... 1924 3. 16-5 5:01@O. !53>4=O 84C =0  12-CN =>GL", 2>A:@5A5=L5  !25@G>: =0 ?5G8". !>2A5< A;CG09=> :C?8;0 18;5B =0 A53>4=O (...) =B5@5A=> G5;>25:0 C2845BL 2 4@C3>9 @>;8, GB>1 >F5=8BL 53> 40@>20=85. ">B 65 45=L 25G5@ 19 G. BG53>-B> CAB0;0, 8 B0:0O B>A:0, B0: 3@CAB=>, 3@CAB=>, 0 =0 C;8F5 ?040NB A E>;>4=>9 2KA>BK G8ABK5 15;K5 A=568=:8, ;0A:>2> ?>:@K20O 3@O7L 75<=CN.  12-O =>GL" 25A5;K9 ?CABOG>:, >:@K;5==K9 35=85< (5:A?8@0, AK3@0= 4>2>;L=> E>@>H>. >=5G=>, 3;02=>5 >10O=85 MB> '5E>2 (...) 1924 3. 0:>=5F, 2K?0; A=53. "8E0O ?5G0;L 28B05B =04 4CH>9, 7C1 =>5B 8 ?0;5F 1>;8B 8 B0:0O B>A:0, :C40 45BLAO >B =55. C6=> 1K;> ?>40BL 70O2;5=85, GB> 2KE>6C 87 :><A><>;0, 0 B> 4C<0NB, GB> O :><A><>;:0, 0 :0:0O O :><A><>;:0? B0:, >4=> =54>@07C<5=85, 1K;8 :>340-B> 8 2K @KA0:0<8!...  >9 !0=4@>, ?@8;5GL 1K : B515 3>;>2>9 =0 3@C4L 8 701KBL 2AN MBC =5?@5@K2=CN F5?L <5;>G59 8 =5?@8OB=>AB59. =52=8G5:, O GC2AB2CN, BK A C:>@87=>9 ?><5I05HL =0 B2>8E AB@>:0E <>8 60;>1K, GB> <=5 3@CAB=>, B>A:;82>, E>G5BAO ?@8;5GL 3>;>2>9 :><C-B> =0 3@C4L 8 B. ?! <>9 E>@>H89! (...) =5 A5@48AL <>9 <8;5=L:89! (...). %0-E0-E0, 2>>1@060N A515, GB> >68405B 0=3;89A:CN 45;530F8N, :>340 >=0 ?@8545B 2 =3;8N; 8 70404CB 65 5@A5;N 8 53> B>20@8I0< 1;03>G5AB82K5 AB0@FK =>B0F8N. %>B5;0 84B8 =0 :0@B8=C  1>@B", 0 ?> 2>;5 AC4L1K 84C =0  5287>@0" 2 -@<8B06. ! . ?5@54@0;0AL; >=0 3>2>@8B:  CABC?8 18;5B .", 0 O 700@B0G8;0AL, ?>94C, 40 ?>94C (...) 1924 3. 19-3> 5:01@O. >9 <8;K9, E>@>H89 4=52=8G5:! =>3> <=5 =C6=> B515 @0AA:070BL; ?>G5<C BK B0:>9 <>;G0;82K9, 8 =8 =0 :0:85 2>?@>AK BK <=5 =5 >B25B8HL? 5B! BK B>;L:> <>65HL A;CH0BL, => =5 >B25G0BL (...) >9 !0=4@>! 345 BK? :0: BO65;> 157 B51O! !5@4F5 ;N128 8 @04>AB8 ?@>A8B (...) ?>4 ;CG0<8 B2>59 ;0A:8 O AB0=C A8;L=59 8 ;CGH5. >O 25@0 <>65B @0718BLAO, .:0: :0<=8 >1 CB5A. / C6 =5 3>2>@N, :0: 452>G:0, 0 :0: 65=I8=0, >B?82H0O 3;>B>: >B 3>@L:>3> :C1:0 @07>G0@>20=8O, => 2A5-B0:8 O 25@N, GB> BK ?@845HL, =0AB>OI89, 682>9, 0 =5 1C45HL 68BL 2> <=5, :0: 15A?;>B=0O 3@570 (...) >8A58 ?@85E0;, <=>3> 45;0, 45;> >4=> ;8HL 65;0=85 ?>?0ABL =0 0<;5B0 2 8A?>;=5=88 >8A58. 5B@8 C65 C =0A 83@05B 420 <5AOF0, 0 O 1K;0 B>;L:> =0 >4=>< :>=F5@B5. !:0=40;, =5 ?@0240 ;8? C-A..... !<>B@5;8 2G5@0  5287>@". >-<>5<C, >G5=L 25@=> >B<5B8; :@8B8: MB>9 ?L5AK, A:0702, GB> @568AA5@ =5 2A:@K; 2 MB>9 25I8 E;5AB:CN :><548N, 0 ?@>AB> A45;0; 87 =55 25A5;CN, 157>184=CN :><548N, O A MB8< 2?>;=5 A>3;0A=0. 1924 3. 20-3> 5:01@O. K;0 O A53>4=O 7;0, :0: - AB> 254L<.  2K1@0;8 <K A53>4=O D0A>= 4;O ?;0BLO, A0<K9 <>4=K9. 5=O, B5A.... B0:85 3;C?>AB8, E>G5BAO B2>53> 273;O40, !0=4@>, 8...... ?>F5;CO. !53>4=O ?>@C30;0AL A .;  >= 3>2>@8;:  2K ;5=BO9:0", 8 :>340 ?8A0;8 48:B0=B, >= D@070<8 =0<5:0;, GB> O 45;0N B>, GB> <=5 =5 =C6=>.  2A5-B0:8 A:25@=>, =04> CG8BLAO, 40-A, <8;0O .5=O. 1924 3. 21-3> 5:01@O. !53>4=O 1K;0 =0  !25@G>: =0 ?5G8"; E>@>H0O 25IL 8 AK3@0=0 =8G53> (...) 1924 3. 25-3> 5:01@O. 0 C;8F5 <>@>7; =0H5<C 1@0BC 8 ?>:070BLAO =5;L7O, B>3> 8 3;O48 =>A >B<>@>78HL. C1 B0: 1>;5;, GB> O 4065 70?;0:0;0, 8 >= 2=O; <>8< AB@040=8O< 8 CA?>:>8;AO. 'B> 1K B0:>5 A>>1I8BL B515, 4=52=8G5:? @8H;> @>645AB2>, 68;LFK, 682CI85 C =0A =025@EC, C65 CA?5;8 =0?8BLAO. 5=L ?@>H5;, F5;K9 45=L ?@>A845;0 4><0 (...) 0: BO65;> B>, GB> <>9 !0=4@> 5I5 =5 ?@8H5;, => 4065? E>@>H59 ?>4@C38 =5B (...) 1924 3. 27-3> 5:01@O. I5 >4=0 =>G5=L:0, 8 702B@0 2 >;LH>< B50B@5 C2848< >8A58. !?0BL :0: E>G5BAO. >9 !0=4@>! <8;K9, <8;K9, :0: 1K <=5 E>B5;>AL. 2845BL B51O. 1924 3. 30-3> 5:01@O. K;0 =0 :0@B8=5  0?8@>A=8F0 >B >AA5;L?@><0". N1>2=K9 ?CABOG>:; >?@0240=85 :0@B8=K 2 B><, GB> >=0 E>@>H> AK3@0=0 8 GC45A=0O ?>AB0=>2:0; :0: E>G5HL, <8;K9 4=52=8G5:, 0 !>;=F520, :0: 0:B@8A0, <=5 =5 =@028BAO: 2 =59 =5B ?>4286=>AB8, GC2AB20, :0:-1C4B> >=0 ?> 70:07C 83@05B. &5@5B5;8 <=5 ?>=@028;AO; >= 4>2>;L=> E>@>H> 83@05B,. =C, 0 ;L8=A:89 A>2A5< E>@>H (...)  3@CAB=>, 8 A:CG=>, 8 3;C?>, 8 B>H=>! <>;G8, 3@CABL, <>;G8! C, 5=L:0, 3;C?>AB8, <>;G8, <>;G8 BK 2 B>=0-B> =5 240209AO! (...) 0: BO65;>! CE! 4=52=8G5:, O GC2AB2CN, BK E<C@8HLAO 8 4C<05HL, :0:85 <KA;8 C 5=L:8 2 3>;>25 1@>4OB. >9 <8;K9, 157<>;2=K9 4@C3, =5 A5@48AL, O 254L 452>G:0 8 ?@8B>< 5I5 B0:0O 3;C?0O (...) 1924 3. 31-3> 5:01@O. >A;54=89 45=L AB0@>3> 3>40. -C, 5=5G:0, :0: BK ?@>25;0 AB0@K9 3>4 8 :0: 2AB@5G05HL <5=O? "K ?;0G5HL? 5=O, 70G5<"' 65? #A?>:>9AO, 154=0O <0;5=L:0O 452>G:0. 0, 1>;L=>, >G5=L 1>;L=>, >?OBL A;57K. >B B0: 2AB@5G0 =>2>3> 3>40! 04> 1KBL 1>4@>9 8 AB>9:>9, GB>1 =5 @0718BLAO > :0<=8 8 A:0;K 687=8. 5 =04> B>A:>20BL 8 ?;0:0BL. A5 =0H8 ;8G=K5 <0;5=L:85 ?5G0;8 8 3>@5AB8 B>=CB 2 GC4=>< A25B5 8458, ?@8=>A8BL ?>;L7C G5;>25G5AB2C, 68BL 4;O 1;030 =0@>40. C, 5=O, A<5;59 =0 1>@B! @>GL C=K=85 8 A><=5=8O, 1>4@> 2?5@54! 1924 3.! "K 4>68205HL ?>A;54=85 G0AK! A:>@> BK A45;05HLAO 2>A?><8=0=85< 8 C945HL 2 AB@0=C CH54H8E ;5B. "K <=5 =5 >AB028HL =8:0:8E O@:8E 2>A?><8=0=89; <=5 1K B>;L:> E>B5;>AL =5 :@0A=5BL 70 B>, GB> O 2 B2>5 2@5<O =045;0;0 <=>3> 3;C?>AB59 (...) @0240, :0: <>;=8O, ?@>@570;8 B51O ACI5AB25==K5 3@>7=K5 A>1KB8O: A<5@BL 5=8=0, MAB>=A:>5 2>AAB0=85, >103@5==>5 :@>2LN. !:2>7L B2>9 >4=>B>==K9 E>4 >3@><=K<8 3;070<8 A<>B@5;0 =0 =0A ?5G0;L, <8;>9 H0;C=L8 @04>AB8 =5 1K;>. > O =0 B51O =5 A5@6CAL. @8G5< BK BCB? (& ) 1925 3. 4@02AB2C9, >2K9 3>4! 0:>9-B> BK 1C45HL 8 GB> BK <=5 AC;8HL? 5;0N B515 1KBL @04>AB=K<, 0 =5 C<=>60BL G8A;> =5AG0AB=KE ;5B.  !59G0A 1K;0 =0 :0@B8=5  @0A=K9 BK;". 8G53>, E>@>H0O :0@B8=0. "@5BLO:>20 <=5 ?>=@028;0AL, 87 =55 4>;6=0 2K@01>B0BLAO ?@8;8G=0O 0:B@8A0.  . <5=O 2AB@5B8;. LO= =5AG0AB=K9. 'B> BK, 3>2>@8B >=, >BAB0;0 >B :><A><>;0? 0, >BAB0;0 O A>2A5<, B5E=8G5A:8 8A?0@NAL. >9 !0=4@>! %>@>H> 1K!.. 0;> ;8 GB> E>@>H>! "2>8 3;070 B0:85 ;0A:>2K5, B2>8 @C:8 B0:85 B5?;K5 8 A0< BK B0: E>@>H! !0=4@>, ?>F5;C9 <5=O. =5 B0: E>G5BAO B2>59 ;0A:8. > MB> =52>7<>6=>, BK ?>:0 5I5 <5GB0. !0=4@>! B2>59 5=5 BO65;>, >G5=L BO65;>. !;KH8HL ;8 BK? @848 65 A:>@59, >70@8 <5=O A2>59 ;0A:>9. !C@>2K< E>;>4>< 255B >B 687=8; >=0 =5 <8;C5B, 0 15A?>I04=> 1L5B; ?><>38 <=5 AB>9:> 2K45@60BL 55 C40@K. 1925 3. 2-3> /=20@O.  :5< 1K O =5 2AB@5G0;0AL 87 A2>8E 7=0:><KE :><A><>;LF52, >=8 A<>B@OB =0 <5=O, B0: 1C4B> O 7;59H89 G5;>25:, 8;8 :0:>9-=81C4L ?@>2>:0B>@ (& )  181;8>B5:0@H0 =0H59 D01@8G=>9 181;8>B5:8 1K;0 A> <=>9 ?@O<> ?>-0=3;89A:8 256;820 (...) . B0:0O =5A=>A=0O 452>G:0, 1>;LH0O ;5=BO9:0 8 2>B B0:0O 3@O7L, 0 >=0 E>BL 1K E=K!  A:065HL 59 GB>-=81C4L, =0G8=05B ?@5@5:0BLAO 8;8 ?@8G8A;OBL : @07@O4C <OA>54=KE 682>B=KE, =0?@8<5@, A>10:. # =0A =0 D01@8:5 425 4528FK E>B5;8 AB0I8BL ?5@G0B:8. -B> >1=0@C68;8, 8 2 =0:070=L5 48@5:B>@ E>G5B 70AB028BL ?>4<5B0BL 42>@. =8 B0: ?;0:0;8 =5 ?>B><C, GB> 8< ABK4=> 70 A2>9 ?>ABC?>:, =5B! 254L ;N48 C284OB 8 1C4CB A<5OBLAO. / 2A5<8 D81@0<8 4CH8 =5=0286C MB8E 7;>?>;CG=KE 4528F. =5 :065BAO, >=8 , B0:85 15AA5@45G=K5, E>;>4=K5 :>:5B:8 (...) . 1>;B05B, GB> C "@>F:>3> 2 <>73C  B05". =0 3>2>@8B, GB> A;KH0;0 87 25@=KE 8AB>G=8:>2. !B@0==0O >A>10, AB0@0O 4520; <=5 60;L 55.  4;O G53> 68; 8 6825B G5;>25:? 065 A0<>3> 4>ABC?=>3> 2A5< ;N4O< ;CG570@=>9 ;0A:8 >=0 8 B> =5 8A?KB0;0. / 5I5 =8 >4=>9 7040G8 =5 A45;0;0, 0 C <5=O 8E 4204F0BL,  2A5 A A53>4=O =0 702B@0 >B:;04K20N. 5=ON 2 181;8>B5:5 :=838. @8 <=5 4528FK ?@8=5A;8 15A?;0B=K9 18;5B 2 >;LH>9. 575B 65 8=>340 ;N4O<! 1925 3. 3-3>-/=20@O. 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