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MB> A>AB02;O5B 70% CA?5E0 ;N1>9 :0<?0=88 8=25AB8@>20=8O. >340 O 2ABC?0N 2 =587156=K9 ?5@8>4 ?>B5@L, :>B>@K9 O2;O5BAO CG0ABLN ;N1>3> 8=25AB>@0, O 15@C ;E8<8N D8=0=A>2 8 ?5@5G8BK20N >?8A0=85 8=25AB8F8>==KE :0<?0=89 !>@>A0. 7CG5=85 B>3>, :0: >= A?@02;O;AO A B@C4=>ABO<8, O2;O5BAO >B;8G=K< @C:>2>4AB2>< :0: ?@>@20BL 70<:=CBK9 :@C3 >H81>G=KE ?@82KG5:, 2 :>B>@K5 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 ?>?0405B :064K9 8=25AB>@. #A?5E 70@078B5;5=.  MB>9 :=835 ?@82545=K <=>3>G8A;5==K5 ?@8<5@K ?>2545=89 18@6528:0 =0 @K=:5, :>B>@K5 =094CB <=>3>G8A;5==KE ?>4@060B5;59. G5=L 206=>, GB> 8=B5;;5:B !>@>A0 ?@8405B 5<C BC C25@5==>ABL 8 A8;C C15645==>AB8, :>B>@K5 ?>72>;ONB 5<C A>E@0=OBL A2>8 AB02:8 4065 2 B5 ?5@8>4K, :>340 >=8 ?>425@30NBAO 8A?KB0=8O<.  MB>< A<KA;5 ;E8<8O D8=0=A>2, =0@O4C A :=83>9 -428=0 5D52@0 ">A?><8=0=8O 18@652>3> 1@>:5@0", O2;O5BAO @C:>2>4AB2>< ?> 2545=8N >?5@0F89 =0 @K=:5, 8<5NI8< =5?@5E>4OICN F5==>ABL.  745AL !>@>A 4>;65= 1KBL >A>15==> >AB>@>6=K<!  D8;L<5 > 2B>@>9 <8@>2>9 2>9=5 ?>4 =0720=85< "0BB>= "2 <>5< ;N18<>< M?87>45 0<5@8:0=A:89 35=5@0; 6>@46 !. 0BB>= ?@>2>48B =5A:>;L:> =545;L, 87CG0O @01>BC A2>53> =5<5F:>3> ?@>B82=8:0 D5;L4<0@H0;0 -@28=0 ><<5;O, 0 70B5< @0718205B 53> 2 3@0=48>7=>9 B0=:>2>9 18B25 2 "C=8A5. 0BB>= =01;N405B 70 E>4>< 18B2K A> A2>53> :><0=4=>3> ?>AB0 8, ?@54GC2AB2CO ?>154C, @KG8B: " ><<5;L, BK ?>B@OA0NI89 2K@>4>:! / ?@>G5; B2>N :=83C !" HYPERLINK "http://aurea.narod.ru/book/alchem0.htm" \l "1*" *. >;LH5 4>1028BL =5G53>. ;E8<8O, ?><8<> 2A53> ?@>G53>, ?@5:@0A=> ?@54AB02;O5B M:>=><8G5A:CN 8 ?>;8B8G5A:CN 8AB>@8N ?>A;54=8E ;5B. 0G8=0O A =52>;L=>3> 45B0;L=>3> ?@54A:070=8O, 70 H5ABL ;5B 4> @50;L=KE A>1KB89, B>3>, :0: 1C45B @07@5H5= :@878A A15@565=89 8 709<>2 2 !( (AB@. 149) 8 70:0=G820O ?@54A:070=85< :@878A0 D>=4>2>3> @K=:0 2 1987 3., 70 420 3>40 4> B>3> (AB@. 216), !>@>A @0A:@K205B A51O :0: 25;8G09H53> ?@>284F0 =0H53> 2@5<5=8. 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(8 871028; =3;8N >B 45?@5AA88). 8;;80@4=K9 AG5B 53> CA?5E>2 ?@>AB> A;8H:>< 7=0G8B5;5=, GB>1K ;5B>?8AFK <>3;8 > =5< C<>;G0BL. !0< !>@>A, 25@>OB=>, E>B5; 1K, GB>1K > =5< ?><=8;8 :0: > 25;8:>< M:>=><8AB5 8;8 4065 CG5=><. > O 70?><=N 53> 70 =5GB> =0<=>3> 1>;55 206=>5, GB> 5I5 =5 ?>;CG8;> 4>;6=>9 >F5=:8. -B> G5;>25:, C4828B5;L=> >15A?>:>5==K9 A>AB>O=85< CA;>289 687=8 G5;>25G5AB20 8 ?KB0NI89AO 8E C;CGH8BL. 3> <=>3>G8A;5==K5 8 7=0G8B5;L=K5 3C<0=8B0@=K5 ?@>5:BK 45;0NB 53> >4=8< 87 25;8G09H8E 2 8AB>@88 D8;0=B@>?>2. 065 A53>4=O, 2 2>7@0AB5 62-E ;5B, >= 0:B82=> A;548B 70 45OB5;L=>ABLN A2>8E H5AB8 D>=4>2 8, ?@>O2;OO M=5@38N 8 A?5F8D8G5A:CN B@C4>2CN MB8:C <;04>BC@:0 HYPERLINK "http://aurea.narod.ru/book/alchem0.htm" \l "2**" **, ?@>:;04K205B A515 ?CBL : 25@H8=0< D8=0=A>2>9 ;5AB=8FK, >B405B 45;C ?> 18 G0A>2 2 45=L 8 ?5@5<5I05BAO ?> 2A59 ?;0=5B5, @01>B0O =04 A2>8<8 ?@>5:B0<8. -B> =5 7=0G8B, GB> >= ?@>AB> ?>4?8AK205B G5:8, =0 GB> A?>A>15= ;N1>9 A>AB>OB5;L=K9 G5;>25:. = =0AB>OI89 "B@C4>3>;8:", :>B>@K9 @50;L=> 2;8O5B =0 :0G5AB2> 687=8 ;N459, : :>B>@K< AC4L10 1K;0 =5 AB>;L 1;03>A:;>==0.  7=05B5,  MB> ?@87=0: 25;8G8O. >; "N4>@ 6>C=A B>@>9   HYPERLINK "http://aurea.narod.ru/book/alchem0.htm" \l "1*" * Patton, 20th Century Fox; E.Rommel, The Tank in the Attack.  @8<. @54. ** Young turk  <;04>BC@>:: G;5= ?>;8B8G5A:>3> 42865=8O 2 "C@F88 =0G0;0 XX 2., AB@5<82H53>AO : @048:0;L=><C 87<5=5=8N F828;870F8>==>9 D07K.   ! ! <><5=B0 ?5@2>9 ?C1;8:0F88 ;E8<88 D8=0=A>2 ?@>H;> A5<L ;5B, ?>;=KE @07=>>1@07=KE A>1KB89. >9 8=25AB8F8>==K9 D>=4, 20=BC< $>=4, ?@>4>;60; ?@>F25B0BL: 0:F8>=5@K ?>;CG0;8 A@54=53>4>2>9 4>E>4 2 >1J5<5 35,8% 2 B5G5=85 ?>A;54=8E A5<8 ;5B, =5278@0O =0 =5:>B>@K5 ?>B5@8 2> 2@5<O :@0E0 1987 3. 20=BC< $>=4 B0:65 ?>;>68; =0G0;> <=>3>G8A;5==K< D8;80;0<, 8 =5:>B>@K5 87 =8E ?>:07K20NB 4065 ;CGH85 @57C;LB0BK, G5< :C@8F0, =5ACI0O 7>;>BK5 O9F0. 0G8=0O A 1989 3. <K @5H8;8 @0A?@545;OBL G0ABL =0H59 ?@81K;8 <564C 0:F8>=5@0<8 ;81> 2 D>@<5 =0;8G=>AB8, ;81> 0:F8O<8 2=>2L A>740==KE D>=4>2.  @57C;LB0B5 <K A59G0A C?@02;O5< A5<LN D>=40<8, AC<<0@=K9 0:F8>=5@=K9 :0?8B0; :>B>@KE ?@52KH05B 10 <;@4. 4>;;. (03 70 H03>< O AB0; ?@8=8<0BL 2A5 <5=55 0:B82=>5 CG0AB85 2 C?@02;5=88 D>=40<8. =5 ?>257;>, B0: :0: 1;03>40@O ;E8<88 D8=0=A>2 O ?>7=0:><8;AO A> !B5=;8 @0:5=<8;;5@><. = 2 MB> 2@5<O C?@02;O; 4@C38< D>=4>< 8 >= =0H5; <5=O, ?>A:>;L:C <>O :=830 53> 708=B@83>20;0. K AB0;8 2AB@5G0BLAO, 8 2 8B>35 >= ?@8A>548=8;AO : <>59 D8@<5. !=0G0;0 5<C ?>:070;>AL =5;53:> @01>B0BL A> <=>9. 5A<>B@O =0 B>, GB> O =045;8; 53> 7=0G8B5;L=K<8 ?>;=><>G8O<8, 53> AB5A=O;> <>5 ?@8ACBAB285 8 5<C :070;>AL, GB> @57C;LB0BK 53> 45OB5;L=>AB8 EC65, G5< 4> ?@8E>40 2 <>N D8@<C.  AG0ABLN, O =0G0; ?@8=8<0BL 2A5 1>;LH55 CG0AB85 2 @52>;NF8>==>< ?@>F5AA5, :>B>@K9 ?@825; : :@0EC :><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 A8AB5<K. / A>74020; A5BL D>=4>2 2 :><<C=8AB8G5A:8E AB@0=0E 8 ?CB5H5AB2>20; ?> B0:8< <5AB0<, A2O7L A :>B>@K<8 1K;0 25AL<0 A;01>9. 5B>< 1989 3. O A:070; !B5=C, GB> >= 4>;65= ?@8=OBL =0 A51O ?>;=CN >B25BAB25==>ABL 70 C?@02;5=85 D>=4><. ! 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