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A;8 @0AA<0B@820BL 40==K5 <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0 ?> AB@>:0<, B> A8AB5<0 ;8=59=KE C@02=5=89 ?@8<5B A;54CNI89 284: ;O ?5@2>9 >B@0A;8 Y1=x11+x12+x13+& +x1j+& +x1m+y1. >A:>;L:C y1=e1+a1, <>6=> 70?8A0BL C@02=5=85 2 A;54CNI5< 2845: Y1=x11+x12+x13+& +x1j+& +x1m+e1+a1 ">340 A>:@0I5==0O 70?8AL ?@8<5B A;54CNI89 284: Y1= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11406.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , 8;8 Y1= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11407.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , 345 Y1  2AO ?@>4C:F8O ?5@2>9 >B@0A;8; j  =><5@ >B@0A;8 ?@>872>4AB20 ?> AB>;1F0< <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0; m  G8A;> >B@0A;59 ?@>872>4AB20 ?> AB>;1F0< <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0; x1j  ?@>4C:F8O ?5@2>9 >B@0A;8, 87@0AE>4>20==0O =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j; y1  ?@>4C:F8O ?5@2>9 >B@0A;8, 8A?>;L7>20==0O =0 =5?@>872>4AB25==>5 ?>B@51;5=85(e1) 8 =0:>?;5=85(a1).  =0H5< ?@8<5@5 MB> >7=0G05B, GB> 25AL >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 C3;O(Y1) @025= AC<<5 @0AE>40 C3;O =0 A>1AB25==K5 =C64K C3>;L=>9 ?@><KH;5==>AB8(x11), =0 ?@>872>4AB2> M;5:B@>M=5@388(x12), =0 ?@>872>4AB2> G5@=KE <5B0;;>2(x13), =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 4@C38E >B@0A;59(x1m) 8 @0AE>4C C3;O =0 =5?@>872>4AB25==>5 ?>B@51;5=85 8 =0:>?;5=85(y1). ;O i-9 >B@0A;8 A8AB5<0 ;8=59=KE C@02=5=89 ?@8<5B A;54CNI89 284: Yi=xi1+xi2+xi3+& +xij+& +xim+yi 8;8 Yi=xi1+xi2+xi3+& +xij+& +xim+ei+ai; 2 A>:@0I5==>9 70?8A8 Yi= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11408.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , 8;8 Yi= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11409.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  ?@8 (i=1,2,3,& ,n), (1) 345 Yi 2AO ?@>4C:F8O i-9 >B@0A;8; i  =><5@ >B@0A;8 ?@>872>4AB20 ?> AB@>:0< <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0; j  =><5@ >B@0A;8 ?@>872>4AB20 ?> AB>;1F0< <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0; xij  ?@>4C:F8O i-9 >B@0A;8, 87@0AE>4>20==0O =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j; yi  ?@>4C:F8O i-9 >B@0A;8, 8A?>;L7>20==0O =0 =5?@>872>4AB25==>5 ?>B@51;5=85(ei) 8 =0:>?;5=85(ai), ?>A:>;L:C yi=ei+ai A;8 65 @0AA<0B@820BL <56>B@0A;52>9 10;0=A ?> AB>;1F0<, B> A8AB5<0 ;8=59=KE C@02=5=89 ?@8<5B A;54CNI89 284: Yj=x1j+x2j+x3j+& +xij+& +xnj+Zj 8;8 Yj=x1j+x2j+x3j+& +xij+& +xnj+Wj+Pj ; 2 A>:@0I5==>9 70?8A8 Yj= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11410.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8;8 Yj= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11411.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , ?@8 (j=1,2,3,& ,m), (2) 345 Yj  2AO ?@>4C:F8O j-9 >B@0A;8; xij  ?@>4C:F8O i-9 >B@0A;8 87@0AE>4>20==0O =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j; Zj  4>102;5==0O AB>8<>ABL j-9 >B@0A;8, 8<5NI0O 284 Zj=Wj+Pj, 345 Wj  >?;0B0 B@C40 2 j-9 >B@0A;8; Pj  G8ABK9 4>E>4 2 j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http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11412.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ?@8 (k=1,2,& ,n,m), (3) 345 k  =><5@ >B@0A;8 <0B5@80;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20; 1) 4;O 2A53>   INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11413.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . (4) @8 MB>< ?@>4C:F8O, 8A?>;L7>20==0O =0 ?>B@51;5=85 8 =0:>?;5=85 (?> AB@>:0<), @02=0 4>102;5==>9 AB>8<>AB8 (?> 3@0D0<) B>;L:> 2 F5;>< ?> 8B>3C 2A5E >B@0A;59 ?@>872>4AB20, 345 >=0 2K@0605B 25;8G8=C =0F8>=0;L=>3> 4>E>40 (), 0 8<5==>:  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11414.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 8;8  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11415.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  > :064>9 >B@0A;8 2 >B45;L=>AB8 MB8 8B>38 =5 @02=K, B0: :0: M:>=><8G5A:>5 A>45@60=85 8E @07=>5: yi ?> :064>9 >B@0A;8 2K@0605B ?@>F5AA 8A?>;L7>20=8O ?@>4C:F88 40==>9 >B@0A;8 =0 =5?@>872>4AB25==>5 ?>B@51;5=85 8 =0:>?;5=85, 0 Wj+Pj 2K@060NB 4>102;5==CN AB>8<>ABL ?> :064>9 >B@0A;8. 2. >MDD8F85=BK ?@O<KE 70B@0B @82545==K5 2KH5 A8AB5<K C@02=5=89 (1) 8 (2) >B@060NB ;8=59=CN 7028A8<>ABL <564C 70B@0B0<8 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 8 2K?CA:>< ?@>4C:F88. A;8 C25;8G8BL ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 :0:>9-;81> >B@0A;8, B> A>>B25BAB25==> (?@8 ?@>G8E @02=KE CA;>28OE) 2>7@0ABCB 8 70B@0BK =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 40==>9 >B@0A;8. >;8G5AB25==> MB0 A2O7L 2K@0605BAO G5@57 :>MDD8F85=BK 70B@0B ?@>4C:F88 >4=>9 >B@0A;8 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 4@C3>9 >B@0A;8. >MDD8F85=BK MB8 ?@8=OB> >1>7=0G0BL G5@57 aij. =8 ?>:07K20NB @0AE>4 ?@>4C:F88 i-9 >B@0A;8 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 548=8FK ?@>4C:F88 j-9 >B@0A;8 8 8AG8A;ONBAO ?> A;54CNI59 D>@<C;5: aij= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11416.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , >B:C40 xij= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11417.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET , 345 aij  :>MDD8F85=BK 70B@0B ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 i =0?@>872>4AB2> 548=8FK ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j; xij  >1I89 >1J5< 70B@0B ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 i =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j; Yj  >1I89 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 ?@>4C:F88 >B@0A;8 j. @8 MB>< 5A;8 xij 8 Yj 40=K 2 F5==>AB=>< 2K@065=88, B> 8 aij O2;O5BAO C45;L=K< @0AE>4>< 2 @C1;OE =0 1 @. ?@>4C:F88. A;8 65 xij 8 Yj 40=K 2 =0BC@0;L=>< 2K@065=88, B> aij 1C45B C45;L=K< @0AE>4>< 2 =0BC@0;L=>< 2K@065=88 (548=8F i-3> ?@>4C:B0 =0 548=8FC j-3> ?@>4C:B0). >MDD8F85=BK 70B@0B aij >B@060NB ?@O<K5 A2O78 <564C >B@0A;O<8. 0?@8<5@, @0AE>4 C3;O =5?>A@54AB25==> =0 2K@01>B:C M;5:B@>M=5@388, @0AE>4 <5B0;;0 =5?>A@54AB25==> =0 ?@>872>4AB2> AB0=:>2 8 B.4. >MB><C 8E =07K20NB :>MDD8F85=B0<8 ?@O<KE 70B@0B. A;8 2K@078BL >1I89 >1J5< 70B@0B ?@>4C:F88 >4=8E >B@0A;59 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> ?@>4C:F88 4@C38E >B@0A;59 (xij) G5@57 ?@>872545=85 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?@O<KE 70B@0B =0 25AL 2K?CA: ?>B@51;ONI59 >B@0A;8 (aij Yj), B> A8AB5<0 C@02=5=89 8A?>;L7>20=8O ?@>4C:F88 2 =0@>4=>< E>7O9AB25, ?> 40==K< <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0 2 F5==>AB=>< 2K@065=88, ?@8<5B A;54CNI89 284: Y1=a11Y1+a12Y2+& +a1jYj+& +a1mYm+y1; Y2=a21Y1+a22Y2+& +a2jYj+& +a2mYm+y2; & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & Yi=ai1Y1+ai2Y2+& +aijYj+& +aimYm+yi; & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & Yn=an1Y1+an2Y2+& +anjYj+& +anmYm+yn; 8;8 2 A>:@0I5==>9 70?8A8 Yi= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11418.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  ?@8 (i=1,2,& ,n). (6) A;8 B5?5@L 2K?8A0BL :>MDD8F85=BK ?@O<KE 70B@0B (aij) 2 >B45;L=CN B01;8FC, B> >=8 >1@07CNB <0B@8FC :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?@O<KE 70B@0B, E0@0:B5@87CNI8E ?@>872>4AB25==K5 A2O78 <564C >B@0A;O<8. 0B@8F0 MB0 8<55B A;54CNI89 284:  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11419.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  (7) @82545==CN 2KH5 A8AB5<C C@02=5=89 (6) 2 <0B@8G=>9 D>@<5 <>6=> 70?8A0BL 2 2845: Y=AY+y, (8) 345 A  C?><O=CB0O <0B@8F0 :>MDD8F85=B>2 aij; Y  25:B>@-AB>;15F Y; y  25:B>@-AB>;15F y. -B0 65 A8AB5<0 C@02=5=89 (8) <>65B 1KBL ?@54AB02;5=0 2 2845: (E-A)Y = y, (9) 345   548=8G=0O <0B@8F0 (<0B@8F0, C :>B>@>9 =0 3;02=>9 4803>=0;8 AB>OB 1, >AB0;L=K5 M;5<5=BK <0B@8FK @02=K 0).  <0B@8G=>9 D>@<5 MB> 70?8AK205BAO 2 2845  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11420.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . (10) "0:0O A8<2>;8:0, H8@>:> ?@8<5=O5<0O 2 ;8=59=>9 0;351@5, >G5=L C4>1=0 4;O ?>;L7>20=8O, B0: :0: >A2>1>6405B >B =5>1E>48<>AB8 3@><>74:8E 70?8A59 <0B@8F 2 @0725@=CB>< 2845. 3. >MDD8F85=BK ?>;=KE 70B@0B ;O 1>;55 3;C1>:>3> 87CG5=8O <56>B@0A;52KE A2O759 8 A>25@H5=AB2>20=8O ?@>3=>78@>20=8O =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20, =0@O4C A :>MDD8F85=B0<8 ?@O<KE 70B@0B, 1>;LH>5 =0CG=>5 8 ?@0:B8G5A:>5 7=0G5=85 ?@8>1@5B05B 8AG8A;5=85 B0: =07K205<KE :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?>;=KE 70B@0B, B.5. 70B@0B, A2O70==KE A ?@>872>4AB2>< B>3> 8;8 8=>3> ?@>4C:B0 =5 B>;L:> ?@O<>, => 8 :>A25==> G5@57 4@C385 ?@>4C:BK. 0: 65 8AG8A;ONBAO ?>;=K5 70B@0BK? 0AA<>B@8< ?@>F5AA >1@07>20=8O ?>;=KE 70B@0B =0 ?@8<5@5 70B@0B C3;O =0 ?@>872>4AB2> >3=5C?>@>2, 2>A?>;L7>202H8AL 4;O MB>3> 40==K<8 <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0 (B01;.4). > 40==K< 10;0=A0 ?@O<K5 70B@0BK C3;O 2 @0AG5B5 =0 1000 @. ?@>4C:F88 >3=5C?>@>2 A>AB02;ONB 30,1 @., 0 ?>;=K5 70B@0BK  146,9 @., 8;8 2 4,9 @070 1>;LH5. -B> 2K720=> B5<, GB> =0 ?@>872>4AB2> >3=5C?>@>2 84QB 1>;LH>5 :>;8G5AB2> =5@C4=>3> AK@LO, :>:A0, M;5:B@>M=5@388 8 4@C38E <0B5@80;>2, =0 873>B>2;5=85 :>B>@KE @0AE>4C5BAO C3>;L, @02=> :0: 8 =0 53> A>1AB25==CN 4>1KGC. @><5 B>3>, >ACI5AB2;ONBAO ?5@52>7:8 AK@LO 8 <0B5@80;>2 4;O ?@>872>4AB20 >3=5C?>@>2, 0 B0:65 ?5@52>7:8 ?>A;54=8E : <5ABC ?>B@51;5=8O. "01;8F0 5 @O<K5 70B@0BK 2 @C1;OE =0 1000 @. ?@>4C:F88 >3=5C?>@>2 08<5=>20=8O3=5C?>@K5@C4=>5 AK@L5#3>;L>:A-;5:B@>M=5@35B8:05@52>7:85@C4=>5 AK@L5113,52,1    #3>;L30,124,752,0716,6222,874,1>:A72,614,3 67,6  -;5:B@>M=5@38O30,844,621,826,01,213,25@52>7:8137,6188,9237,832,2  >A25==K5 70B@0BK C3;O =0 ?@>872>4AB2> <0B5@80;>2 8 B>?;820, 0 B0:65 =0 ?5@52>7:8, A2O70==K5 A ?@>872>4AB2>< >3=5C?>@>2, <>6=> ?>4AG8B0BL A;54CNI8< >1@07><. >A25==K5 70B@0BK C3;O 1-3> ?>@O4:0 0 ?@>872>4AB2> =5@C4=>3> AK@LO & & & & & & .&  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11421.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  @. 0 ?@>872>4AB2> C3;O& & & & & & & & & & ..& & &  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11422.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  @. 0 ?@>872>4AB2> :>:A0& & & & & & & & & & & & . 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B>3> :>A25==KE 70B@0B C3;O 1-3> ?>@O4:0 & & & & & & & .& & 73,5 @. >A25==K5 70B@0BK C3;O 2-3> ?>@O4:0 0 ?@>872>4AB2> =5@C4=>3> AK@LO  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11426.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  0 ?@>872>4AB2> C3;O  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11427.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  0 ?@>872>4AB2> :>:A0  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11428.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  0 ?@>872>4AB2> M;5:B@>M=5@388  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11429.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  0 ?5@52>7:8  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11430.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  B>3> :>A25==KE 70B@0B C3;O 2-3> ?>@O4:0 12,91 @. 0B5< ?>4AG8BK20NBAO :>A25==K5 70B@0BK C3;O 3-3> ?>@O4:0, 4-3> ?>@O4:0 8 B.4. =0;>38G=K< >1@07>< 8AG8A;ONBAO :>A25==K5 70B@0BK ?> 4@C38< 2840< <0B5@80;>2, B>?;820 8 M;5:B@>M=5@388. >4AG8B02 AC<<C 2A5E :>A25==KE 70B@0B 40==>3> ?@>4C:B0 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 4@C3>3> ?@>4C:B0 8 ?@810282 AN40 ?@O<K5 70B@0BK, <K ?>;CG8< ?>;=K5 70B@0BK. "0:8< >1@07><, ?>;=K5 70B@0BK ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 AC<<C ?@O<KE 8 :>A25==KE 70B@0B >4=>3> ?@>4C:B0 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 548=8FK 4@C3>3> ?@>4C:B0 ?> 2A59 F5?8 B5E=>;>38G5A:>9 A2O78 ?@>872>4AB20 ?@>4C:B>2. 4=0:>, :0: 284=> 87 ?@82545==>3> 2KH5 ?@8<5@0, 8AG8A;5=85 ?>;=KE 70B@0B (4065 ?@8 G5BK@5E M;5<5=B0E) ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 1>;LH85 B@C4=>AB8 8 A2O70=> A >3@><=K<8 2KG8A;5=8O<8.  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O <0B5<0B8G5A:85 <5B>4K 8AG8A;5=8O ?>;=KE 70B@0B @07@01>B0=K ?>4@>1=> 8 ?@>872>4OBAO A ?><>ILN :><?LNB5@>2. >MDD8F85=BK ?>;=KE 70B@0B B5A=> A2O70=K A 0;351@08G5A:8< @5H5=85< A8AB5<K C@02=5=89 <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0. 5H0O MB8 C@02=5=8O >B=>A8B5;L=> Yi, ?>A;5 B>3> :0: 2<5AB> 0ij ?>AB02;5=K :>=:@5B=K5 G8A;0, 0 y1,y2,& ,yn >AB02;5=K 2 0;351@08G5A:>9 D>@<5, ?>;CG8< 4;O :064>3> Yi 2K@065=85 A;54CNI53> 2840 Yi = bi1y1 + bi2y2 + & + bijyj + & + bimyn , 345 bij  :>MDD8F85=BK ?>;=KE 70B@0B. 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"0:8< >1@07><, 8A?>;L7>20=85 <5B>40  70B@0BK 2K?CA: <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0 () ?>72>;O5B =5 B>;L:> 87CG8BL 2708<>7028A8<>ABL <564C @07;8G=K<8 >B@0A;O<8 M:>=><8:8, ?@>O2;ONICNAO 2> 2708<>2;8O=88 F5=, >1J5<>2 ?@>872>4AB20, :0?8B0;>2;>65=89 8 4>E>4>2, => 8 >ACI5AB28BL ?@>3=>78@>20=85 @0728B8O M:>=><8:8 AB@0=K, B0: :0:, 70402H8AL @>AB>< >4=>3> 8;8 3@C??K ?@>4C:B>2, <>6=> >?@545;8BL <0AHB01K @>AB0 >AB0;L=KE >B@0A;59 M:>=><8:8 AB@0=K, 0 B5< A0<K< 8 B5<?K M:>=><8G5A:>3> @>AB0, 53> >B@0A;52CN AB@C:BC@C. !+ .'+ /"/  " + 56>B@0A;52>9 10;0=A 5B>4  70B@0BK  2K?CA: !8AB5<0 ;8=59=KE C@02=5=89 >MDD8F85=BK ?@O<KE 70B@0B 0B@8F0 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?@O<KE 70B@0B 48=8G=0O <0B@8F0 >MDD8F85=BK ?>;=KE 70B@0B >A25==K5 70B@0BK 0B@8F0 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?>;=KE 70B@0B >?@>AK 4;O A0<>?@>25@:8 0BL ?>=OB85 <56>B@0A;52>3> 10;0=A0, 53> A2O7L A 20;>2K< =0F8>=0;L=K< ?@>4C:B><, ACBL <5B>40  70B@0BK 2K?CA: , A8AB5<K ;8=59=KE C@02=5=89: ?> <0B5@80;L=>-25I5AB25==><C A>AB02C 8 ?> 70B@0B0<; 8E 284. 0BL ?>=OB85 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?@O<KE 70B@0B: ;8=59=0O 7028A8<>ABL <564C 70B@0B0<8 =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 8 2K?CA:>< ?@>4C:F88; D>@<C;K 8E 8AG8A;5=8O; <0B@8F0 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?@O<KE 70B@0B. 0BL ?>=OB85 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?>;=KE 70B@0B: >?@545;5=85 70B@0B =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 40==>3> ?@>4C:B0 :>A25==> G5@57 4@C385 ?@>4C:BK (:>A25==K5 70B@0BK); D>@<C;K 8AG8A;5=8O 8 <0B@8F0 :>MDD8F85=B>2 ?>;=KE 70B@0B.  3. &'!", "/ -'!% !!" 1. 84K F8:;>2 I5 2 ?5@2>9 ?>;>28=5 XIX 2. 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A;8 1K ?@><KH;5==K9 A5:B>@ ?@>8725; 1o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http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/PIC/r13.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8A. 13. 02=>25A85 =0 :59=A80=A:>< >B@57:5 :@82>9 A>2>:C?=>3> ?@54;>65=8O 7<5=5=8O 2 @02=>25A88. @54?>;>68<, GB> :@820O A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 AD A<5I05BAO ?>4 2>7459AB285< =5F5=>2KE D0:B>@>2. 0: MB> ?>2;8O5B =0 @50;L=K9 >1J5< =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 8 C@>25=L F5=? >?CAB8<, GB> 4><>E>7O9AB20 8 D8@<K @5H8;8 C25;8G8BL A2>8 @0AE>4K, B.5. :C?8BL 1o;LH89 >1J5< ?@>4C:F88 ?@8 40==>< C@>2=5 F5=. >7<>6=>, GB> ?>B@518B5;8 AB0;8 1>;55 >?B8<8AB8G=> A<>B@5BL =0 M:>=><8G5A:CN :>=JN=:BC@C 8 2 @57C;LB0B5 ?@8=O;8 @5H5=85 B@0B8BL 1>;LHCN (A15@530BL <5=LHCN) G0ABL A2>8E B5:CI8E 4>E>4>2. "0:65 8 D8@<K <>3CB >6840BL, GB> 1C4CI0O 45;>20O :>=JN=:BC@0 40AB 2>7<>6=>ABL C25;8G8BL ?@81K;8 >B =K=5H=8E 8=25AB8F89 2 =>2>5 >1>@C4>20=85, ?>MB><C >=8 C25;8G0B A2>8 70B@0BK =0 8=25AB8F88. >4 2;8O=85< MB8E D0:B>@>2 :@820O A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 A<5I05BAO 2?@02>. >A;54AB28O C25;8G5=8O A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 7028AOB >B B>3>, =0 :0:>< >B@57:5 :@82>9 A>2>:C?=>3> ?@54;>65=8O  :59=A80=A:><, ?@><56CB>G=>< 8;8 :;0AA8G5A:><  =0E>48BAO M:>=><8:0. 0 :59=A80=A:>< >B@57:5 (@8A. 14), >B;8G0NI5<AO 2KA>:8< C@>2=5< 157@01>B8FK 8 1>;LH8< :>;8G5AB2>< =58A?>;L7C5<KE ?@>872>4AB25==KE <>I=>AB59, @0AH8@5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 (>B AD1 4> AD2) ?@82545B : ACI5AB25==><C C25;8G5=8N @50;L=>3> >1J5<0 =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 (>B Q1 4> Q2) 8 70=OB>AB8 157 ?>2KH5=8O C@>2=O F5= ( 1).  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/PIC/r14.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8A. 14. #25;8G5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 =0 :59=A80=A:>< >B@57:5 AS 0 :;0AA8G5A:>< >B@57:5 (@8A. 15) @01>G0O A8;0 8 :0?8B0; 8A?>;L7CNBAO ?>;=>ABLN, 8 @0AH8@5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 (>B AD5 4> AD6) >:065B 2>7459AB285 B>;L:> =0 C@>25=L F5=, ?>2KH0O 53> >B 5 4> 6. 50;L=K9 >1J5< =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 >AB0=5BAO =0 C@>2=5 ?>;=>9 70=OB>AB8 Qf.  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/PIC/r15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8A. 15. #25;8G5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 =0 :;0AA8G5A:>< >B@57:5 AS 0 ?@><56CB>G=>< >B@57:5 (@8A. 16) @0AH8@5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 (>B AD3 4> AD4) ?@82545B : C25;8G5=8N @50;L=>3> >1J5<0 =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 (>B Q3 4> Q4) 8 ?>2KH5=8N C@>2=O F5= (>B 3 4> 4).  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/PIC/r16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8A. 16. #25;8G5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 =0 ?@><56CB>G=>< >B@57:5 AS "0:8< >1@07><, C25;8G5=85 A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0 ?@82>48B: 0) =0 :59=A80=A:>< (3>@87>=B0;L=><) >B@57:5  : C25;8G5=8N @50;L=>3> >1J5<0 =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 :>=5G=KE B>20@>2 8 CA;C3, => =5 70B@038205B C@>2=O F5=; 1) =0 :;0AA8G5A:>< (25@B8:0;L=><) >B@57:5  : ?>2KH5=8N C@>2=O F5=, ?@8 MB>< @50;L=K9 >1J5< =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20 =5 <>65B 2K9B8 70 ?@545;K A2>53> C@>2=O  ?@8 ?>;=>9 70=OB>AB8 (Qf); 2) =0 ?@><56CB>G=>< >B@57:5  : C25;8G5=8N :0: @50;L=>3> >1J5<0 =0F8>=0;L=>3> ?@>872>4AB20, B0: 8 C@>2=O F5=. 4. ><?>=5=BK A>2>:C?=>3> A?@>A0: ?>B@51;5=85 8 A15@565=85, 8=25AB8F88 >B@518B5;LA:85 @0AE>4K =0A5;5=8O 8;8 :@0B:> ?>B@51;5=85 (!)  206=59H0O 8 A0<0O 1>;LH0O A>AB02;ONI0O . !15@565=8O (S) >?@545;ONBAO :0: 4>E>4 4><>E>7O9AB2 70 2KG5B>< ?>B@51;5=8O. >B820<8 A15@565=8O 4><0H=8E E>7O9AB2 O2;ONBAO: 1) ?>:C?:8 4>@>3>AB>OI8E B>20@>2 8 BC@87<; 2) >15A?5G5=85 2 AB0@>AB8; 3) AB@0E>20=85 >B =5?@542845==KE >1AB>OB5;LAB2 (1>;57=L, =5AG0AB=K9 A;CG09 8 B.4.); 4) >15A?5G5=85 45B59 2 1C4CI5< 8 B.?. !>3;0A=> :;0AA8G5A:>9 M:>=><8G5A:>9 B5>@88, >A=>2=K< D0:B>@><, >?@545;ONI8< 48=0<8:C A15@565=89 8 8=25AB8F89, O2;O5BAO AB02:0 ?@>F5=B0: 5A;8 >=0 2>7@0AB05B, B> 4><0H=85 E>7O9AB20 =0G8=0NB >B=>A8B5;L=> 1>;LH5 A15@530BL 8 <5=LH5 ?>B@51;OBL 87 :064>9 4>?>;=8B5;L=>9 548=8FK 4>E>40. >AB A15@565=89 4><0H=8E E>7O9AB2 A> 2@5<5=5< ?@82>48B : A=865=8N F5=K :@548B0, GB> >15A?5G8205B @>AB 8=25AB8F89. !>3;0A=> :59=A80=A:>9 M:>=><8G5A:>9 B5>@88, =5 AB02:0 ?@>F5=B0, 0 25;8G8=0 @0A?>;0305<>3> 4>E>40 (DI) 4><0H=8E E>7O9AB2 O2;O5BAO >A=>2=K< D0:B>@><, >?@545;ONI8< 48=0<8:C ?>B@51;5=8O 8 A15@565=89. @8 MB>< A15@5305BAO B0 G0ABL 4>E>40, :>B>@0O >AB05BAO ?>A;5 >ACI5AB2;5=8O 2A5E ?>B@518B5;LA:8E @0AE>4>2. ;8O=85 AB02:8 ?@>F5=B0 2B>@8G=> 8 83@05B >B=>A8B5;L=> =51>;LHCN @>;L ?> >B=>H5=8N : 2>7459AB28N 4>E>40 =0 ?>B@51;5=85 8 A15@565=8O. 1I89 >1J5< ?>B@51;5=8O, :0: ?@028;>, 7028A8B >B >1I53> >1J5<0 4>E>40. @8 MB><, A>3;0A=> :59=A80=A:>9 B5>@88, 1>;LHCN @>;L 83@05B ?A8E>;>38G5A:89 D0:B>@. 3> ACBL 2 B><, GB> ;N48 A:;>==K, :0: ?@028;>, C25;8G820BL A2>5 ?>B@51;5=85 A @>AB>< 4>E>40, => =5 2 B>9 <5@5, 2 :0:>9 @0AB5B 4>E>4. !>>B=>H5=85 <564C 87<5=5=85< ?>B@51;5=8O (!) 8 87<5=5=85< 4>E>40 (Y) =07K205BAO ?@545;L=>9 A:;>==>ABLN : ?>B@51;5=8N (marginal propensity to consume   !):  ! =  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11434.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . >?CAB8<, G5;>25: @0A?>;0305B 4>E>4>< 2 1000 4>;. >A<>B@8<, :0: 1C4CB @0AB8 53> @0AE>4K =0 ?>B@51;5=85 ?@8 @02=><5@=>< @>AB5 53> 4>E>40 =0 100 4>;. 565<5AOG=> (B01;. 6). "01;8F0 6 0A?@545;5=85 @0A?>;0305<>3> 4>E>40 (F8D@K CA;>2=K5) 5AOF>E>4, Y 0AE>4K =0 ?>B@51;5=85, !@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : ?>B@51;5=8N, D ! : D Y!15@565=8O, S@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : A15@565=8N D S : D YO=20@L100010000D52@0;L11001090 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11435.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 10 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11436.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET <0@B12001170 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11437.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 30 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11438.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 0?@5;L13001240 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11439.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 60 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11440.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET <0914001290 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11441.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 110 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11442.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 7 B01;8FK 284=>, GB> :064K9 <5AOF 4>E>4 C25;8G8205BAO, => 87 :064KE 4>?>;=8B5;L=KE 100 4>;. >B=>A8B5;L=> <5=LH0O 4>;O ?>B@51;O5BAO, 0 >B=>A8B5;L=> 1>;LH0O  A15@5305BAO.  @57C;LB0B5 >1I85 @0AE>4K =0 ?>B@51;5=85 C25;8G820NBAO, => =5 B0:8<8 B5<?0<8, :0: @0AB5B 4>E>4. ! @>AB>< 4>E>40 G5;>25: =0G8=05B ;CGH5 ?8B0BLAO, >4520BLAO, ?CB5H5AB2>20BL 8 >4=>2@5<5==> @0ABCB 53> A15@565=8O. 1A>;NB=> @0ABCB 8 ?>B@51;5=85 8 A15@565=8O, => >B=>A8B5;L=0O 4>;O ?>B@51;5=8O 2A5 1>;55 8 1>;55 A>:@0I05BAO, 0 4>;O A15@565=89 @0AB5B. !;54C5B 70<5B8BL, GB> =0 ?@0:B8:5 ?@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : ?>B@51;5=8N =5 87<5=O5BAO 565<5AOG=> AB>;L AB@5<8B5;L=> 8 =5@54:> >AB05BAO >4=>9 8 B>9 65 25;8G8=>9 =0 ?@>BO65=88 4;8B5;L=>3> ?5@8>40 2@5<5=8. BAN40, 25;8G8=0 ?@545;L=>9 A:;>==>AB8 : ?>B@51;5=8N ( !) =0E>48BAO <564C =C;5< 8 548=8F59:  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11443.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . 0: 284=> 87 B01;8FK, ?@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : A15@565=8N (marginal propensity to save  PS) >?@545;O5BAO :0: >B=>H5=85 87<5=5=8O 25;8G8=K A15@565=89 : 87<5=5=8N 4>E>40:  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11444.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . 0:>2> 65 A>>B=>H5=85 <564C ?@545;L=>9 A:;>==>ABLN : A15@565=8N 8 ?@545;L=>9 A:;>==>ABLN : ?>B@51;5=8N? 7 B01;8FK 284=>, GB> ! + S = Y, => B>340  ! + MPS = 1. 0?@8<5@, 2 D52@0;5  ! + MPS = 0,9 + 0,1 = 1; 2 <0@B5 0,8 + 0,2 = 1 8 B.4. "0:8< >1@07><, ?@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : A15@565=8N O2;O5BAO 4>?>;=ONI59 4> 548=8FK 25;8G8=>9 ?> >B=>H5=8N : ?@545;L=>9 A:;>==>AB8 : ?>B@51;5=8N. > A8E ?>@ @5GL H;0 > A:;>==>AB8 : ?>B@51;5=8N =0 C@>2=5 >B45;L=>3> AC1J5:B0. 0:@>M:>=><8G5A:89 ?>4E>4 ?@54?>;0305B ?>AB@>5=85 DC=:F89 ?>B@51;5=8O 8 A15@565=8O =0 C@>2=5 >1I5AB20. 07C<55BAO, >B:;>=5=8O 2 48=0<8:5 4>E>4>2 8 @0AE>4>2 >B45;L=KE 8=48284CC<>2 8 A5<59 <>3CB 1KBL 4>AB0B>G=> 25;8:8, 8 B5< =5 <5=55  >A=>2=>9 ?A8E>;>38G5A:89 70:>= =0E>48B M<?8@8G5A:>5 ?>4B25@645=85 8 =0 <0:@>C@>2=5. @>AB59H0O DC=:F8O ?>B@51;5=8O 8<55B 284 ! = 0 + b (DI), 345 !  ?>B@518B5;LA:85 @0AE>4K; a  02B>=><=>5 ?>B@51;5=85, 25;8G8=0 :>B>@>3> =5 7028A8B >B @07<5@>2 B5:CI53> @0A?>;0305<>3> 4>E>40; b  ?@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : ?>B@51;5=8N; DI  @0A?>;0305<K9 4>E>4 (4>E>4 ?>4;5 C?;0BK =0;>3>2). @>AB59H0O DC=:F8O A15@565=8O 8<55B 284 S = - a + (1  b)(DI), 345 S  25;8G8=0 A15@565=89 2 G0AB=>< A5:B>@5 (4><>E>7O9AB20); a  02B>=><=>5 ?>B@51;5=85; (1  b)  ?@545;L=0O A:;>==>ABL : A15@565=8N; DI  @0A?>;0305<K9 4>E>4. @0D8G5A:8 A:;>==>ABL : ?>B@51;5=8N ( !) ?@54AB02;5=0 =0 @8A. 17.  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/PIC/r17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET  8A. 17. @0D8G5A:>5 87>1@065=85 A:;>==>AB8 : ?>B@51;5=8N 0 >A8 01AF8AA >B:;04K205BAO @0A?>;0305<K9 8;8 G8ABK9 4>E>4. 0 >A8 >@48=0B  @0AE>4K =0 ?>B@51;5=85. A;8 1K @0AE>4K 2 B>G=>AB8 A>>B25BAB2>20;8 4>E>40<, B> MB> >B@060;0 1K ;N10O B>G:0, ;560I0O =0 ?@O<>9, ?@>2545==>9 ?>4 C3;>< 45. > 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 B0:>3> A>2?045=8O =5 ?@>8AE>48B, 8 B>;L:> G0ABL 4>E>4>2 @0AE>4C5BAO =0 ?>B@51;5=85. >MB><C :@820O ?>B@51;5=8O >B:;>=O5BAO >B ;8=88 45 2=87. 5AB> ?5@5A5G5=8O ;8=88 45 8 :@82>9 ?>B@51;5=8O 2 B>G:5  >7=0G05B C@>25=L =C;52>3> A15@565=8O. !;520 >B MB>9 B>G:8 <>6=> =01;N40BL >B@8F0B5;L=>5 A15@565=85 (B.5. @0AE>4K ?@52KH0NB 4>E>4K   687=L 2 4>;3 ), 0 A?@020  A15@565=85 ?>;>68B5;L=>5. 0?@8<5@, ?@8 4>E>45 2 7000 4>;. 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B0:, 5A;8 ! + I = ! + S , B> I = S. @8 MB>< 8=25AB8F88 5ABL DC=:F8O =>@<K ?@>F5=B0 (r): I = I (r), 0 A15@565=8O 5ABL DC=:F8O 4>E>40 (Y): S = S (Y). 025=AB2> I (r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B>;L:> 800 4>;. 1C45B 87@0AE>4>20=>, >AB0;L=>5 1C45B A15@530BLAO, ?>A:>;L:C  S = 1   ! = 1  0,8 = 0,2. >A;54CNI89 @>AB 4>E>4>2 ?@82545B : B><C, GB> 87 800 4>;. =0 ?>B@51;5=85 1C45B B0:65 =0?@02;5=> B>;L:> 80%, A;54>20B5;L=>, 40;L=59H89 ?@8@>AB =0F8>=0;L=>3> 4>E>40, 8A?>;L7C5<>3> =0 ?>B@51;5=85, A>AB028B 800 % 0,8 = 640 4>;. 0;55 ?@>F5AA 1C45B @0A?@>AB@0=OBLAO =0 2A5 1>;55 =>2K5 8 =>2K5 A;>8 =0A5;5=8O. 0:>2 65 1C45B @>AB =0F8>=0;L=>3> 4>E>40, 2K720==K9 ?5@2>=0G0;L=K<8 8=25AB8F8O<8? C6=> A;>68BL 1000 + 800 + 640 + B.4., B> 5ABL 8A?>;L7>20BL D>@<C;C 35><5B@8G5A:>9 ?@>3@5AA88: 1000 E (1 + 0,8 + 0,82 + 0,83 + 0,84 + ...) 8;8  INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.dvgups.ru/METDOC/EKMEN/ETEOR/EK_TEOR/METOD/O_EK_TEOR/Image11445.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET . "0:8< >1@07><, 8=25AB8F88 2 1000 4>;. 2K720;8 5-:@0B=K9 @>AB =0F8>=0;L=>3> 4>E>40, 8A?>;L7C5<>3> =0 ?>B@51;5=85. 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