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" ,+%  ! 0:>5 CAB@>9AB2> =07K20NB H03>2K< 42830B5;5<? 45 ?@8<5=ONBAO H03>2K5 42830B5;8? 5@5G8A;8B5 4>AB>8=AB20 8 =54>AB0B:8 (. 0:85 284K H03>2KE 42830B5;59 K 7=05B5? 0: CAB@>5= ( A ?5@5<5==K< <03=8B=K< A>?@>B82;5=85<? 0: CAB@>5= ( A ?>AB>O==K<8 <03=8B0<8? 0:85 H03>2K5 42830B5;8 =07K20NBAO 381@84=K<8?  G5< @07;8G85 <564C 18?>;O@=K<8 8 C=8?>;O@=K<8 (? 0: 8A?>;L7>20BL C=8?>;O@=K9 ( 2 18?>;O@=>< @568<5? '5< >?@545;O5BAO <><5=B, A>740205<K9 (? 0:85 A?>A>1K C?@02;5=8O D070<8 ( 0< 8725AB=K? 0: @50;87C5BAO ?>;=>H03>2K9 @568< @01>BK (? 0: @50;87C5BAO ?>;CH03>2K9 @568< @01>BK (? 'B> B0:>5 <8:@>H03>2K9 @568< @01>BK?  G5< 53> ?@58<CI5AB20 8 =54>AB0B:8? 0: >15A?5G8BL 2@0I5=85 ( A ?>AB>O==>9 A:>@>ABLN? 'B> B0:>5 <5@B2K5 7>=K (? '5< >?@545;O5BAO D>@<0 B>:0 2 >1<>B:0E 42830B5;O? 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B5G5AB25==K< 0=0;>3>< 8=B5@D59A0 Centronics O2;O5BAO   -. @><5 =53> ACI5AB2C5B 8=B5@D59A    (CAB0@52H89), :>B>@K9 >B;8G05BAO ?@>B>:>;>< >1<5=0, >BACBAB285< A83=0;0 "Error" 8 8=25@A859 ;8=89 40==KE. @><5 B>3>, :> 2A5< 2E>4=K< ;8=8O<    ?>4:;NG5=K ?0@K A>3;0ACNI8E @578AB>@>2: 220 < : +5  8 330 < : >1I5<C ?@>2>4C. -B> ?5@53@C605B 1>;LH8=AB2> 8=B5@D59A=KE 040?B5@>2 A>2@5<5==KE .  8A. 1. @>B>:>; >1<5=0 40==K<8 ?> 8=B5@D59AC Centronics @>B>:>; >1<5=0 40==K<8 ?> 8=B5@D59AC Centronics ?@82545= =0 @8A. 1. 5@540G0 =0G8=05BAO A ?@>25@:8 8AB>G=8:>< A83=0;0 Error. A;8 >= CAB0=>2;5=, B> >1<5= =5 ?@>872>48BAO. 0B5< ?@>25@O5BAO A>AB>O=85 A83=0;0 Busy. A;8 >= @025= "0", B> 8AB>G=8: ?@8ABC?05B : ?5@540G5 109B0 40==KE. ;O ?5@540G8 109B0 8AB>G=8: 2KAB02;O5B =0 ;8=88 D0-D7 109B 40==KE 8 2K405B A83=0; Strobe#. @85<=8: ?> A83=0;C Strobe# (745AL 8 40;55 ?> B5:ABC 7=0G>: "#" ?>A;5 =0720=8O A83=0;0 O2;O5BAO ?@87=0:>< B>3>, GB> A83=0; 8<55B =87:89 0:B82=K9 C@>25=L) G8B05B 40==K5 A H8=K 40==KE 8 2KAB02;O5B A83=0; Busy =0 2@5<O 53> >1@01>B:8. > >:>=G0=88 >1@01>B:8 ?@85<=8: 2K405B A83=0; ACK# 8 A=8<05B A83=0; Busy. A;8 2 B5G5=85 4;8B5;L=>3> 2@5<5=8 (6  12 A5:) 8AB>G=8: =5 ?>;CG05B ACK#, B> >= ?@8=8<05B @5H5=85 > >H81:5 "B09<-0CB" (time-out) CAB@>9AB20. A;8 ?>A;5 ?@85<0 109B0 ?@85<=8: ?> :0:>9 - ;81> ?@8G8=5 =5 3>B>2 ?@8=8<0BL 40==K5, B> >= =5 A=8<05B A83=0; Busy. @8 ?@>3@0<<=>9 @50;870F88 >1<5=0 ?> C:070==><C ?@>B>:>;C 65;0B5;L=> >3@0=8G8BL 2@5<O >6840=8O A=OB8O Busy (>1KG=> 30  45 A5:), 8=0G5 2>7<>6=> 7028A0=85 ?@>3@0<<K. !B0=40@B=K9 ?0@0;;5;L=K9 ?>@B =07K205BAO SPP (Standard Parallel Port). SPP ?>@B O2;O5BAO >4=>=0?@02;5==K<, =0 53> 1075 ?@>3@0<<=> @50;87C5BAO ?@>B>:>; >1<5=0 Centronics. >@B >15A?5G8205B 2>7<>6=>ABL 35=5@0F88 IRQ ?> 8<?C;LAC ACK# =0 2E>45. !83=0;K ?>@B0 2K2>4OBAO =0 AB0=40@B=K9 @07J5< DB-25S (@>75B:0), :>B>@K9 @07<5I5= =5?>A@54AB25==> =0 ?;0B5 040?B5@0 8;8 A>548=O5BAO A =8< ?;>A:8< H;59D>< (2 A;CG05, 5A;8 040?B5@ 8=B53@8@>20= A <0B5@8=A:>9 ?;0B>9). 0720=8O A83=0;>2 A>>B25BAB2CNB =0720=8O< A83=0;>2 8=B5@D59A0 Centronics (B01;8F0 2), 0 87>1@065=85 @07J5<0 8=B5@D59A=>3> 040?B5@0 A> AB>@>=K :><?LNB5@0 ?@82545=> =0 @8A. 2. "01;8F0 2. 07J5< 8 H;59D AB0=40@B=>3> LPT ?>@B0 >=B0:B DB-25S@>2>4 H;59D0I/O!83=0; >=B0:B DB-25S@>2>4 H;59D0I/O!83=0;11O/IStrobe#1019I*ACK#23O(I)D01121IBusy35O(I)D11223IPE47O(I)D21325ISelect59O(I)D3142O/I Auto LF#611O(I)D4154I Error#713O(I)D5166O/IInit#815O(I)D6178O/ISelect In#917O(I)D718 - 2510,22, 14,16, 18,20, 22,24,26-GND@8<5G0=85. I/O  =0?@02;5=85 ?5@540G8: I  2E>4; O  2KE>4; O(I)  2KE>4, A>AB>O=85 :>B>@>3> <>65B 1KBL AG8B0=> ?@8 >?@545;5==KE CA;>28OE, O/I  2KE>4=K5 ;8=88, A>AB>O=85 :>B>@KE G8B05BAO ?@8 GB5=88 87 A>>B25BAB2CNI8E @538AB@>2 ?>@B0. * - E>4 ACK# A>548=5= A ?8B0=85< +5  G5@57 @578AB>@ 10 :<. -B> A45;0=> 4;O 8A:;NG5=8O ;>6=KE ?@5@K20=89, B.:. ?@5@K20=85 35=5@8@C5BAO ?> >B@8F0B5;L=><C ?5@5?04C A83=0;0 =0 2E>45 ACK#.  8A. 2. 07J5< 8=B5@D59A=>3> 040?B5@0 Cetronics DB-25S  :0G5AB25 =54>AB0B:>2 AB0=40@B=>3> LPT ?>@B0 (SPP) A;54C5B >B<5B8BL =52KA>:CN A:>@>ABL ?5@540G8 40==KE (100  150 :/A5:), 703@C7:C ?@>F5AA>@0 ?@8 ?5@540G5 40==KE, =52>7<>6=>ABL 42C=0?@02;5==>3> ?>109B=>3> >1<5=0. !CI5AB2C5B "@048>;N18B5;LA:0O" <5B>48:0 42C=0?@02;5==>3> >1<5=0, :>B>@0O A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> 4;O 22>40 40==KE =0 ;8=88 D0-D7 2KAB02;ONB "1", 0 2 :0G5AB25 ?5@540BG8:0 8A?>;L7CNB <8:@>AE5<K A >B:@KBK< :>;;5:B>@><, :>B>@K5 ?@8 >B:@KB>< B@0=78AB>@5 <>3CB "?>4A06820BL" =0?@O65=85 ;>38G5A:>9 548=8FK 4> C@>2=O ?>@O4:0 1.5  1.7 . ">: >3@0=8G5= =0 C@>2=5 30 <. 0: >G5284=> 87 C@>2=59 A83=0;>2, >=8 =5 A>>B25BAB2CNB C@>2=O< "", ?>MB><C <=>385 ?>@BK =5 @01>B0NB 2 B0:>< @568<5 8;8 @01>B0NB =5AB018;L=>. @><5 B>3>, B0:>9 A?>A>1 <>65B 1KBL >?0A5= 4;O 040?B5@0 ?>@B0, :>B>@K9 1C45B @01>B0BL A ?@545;L=K<8 4;O =53> B>:0<8. !B0=40@B IEEE 1284, ?@8=OBK9 2 1994 3>4C, >?@545;O5B B5@<8=K SPP,    8 ! . !B0=40@B >?@545;O5B 5 @568<>2 >1<5=0 40==K<8, <5B>4 A>3;0A>20=8O @568<0, D878G5A:89 8 M;5:B@8G5A:89 8=B5@D59AK. !>3;0A=> IEEE 1284, 2>7<>6=K A;54CNI85 @568<K >1<5=0 40==K<8 G5@57 ?0@0;;5;L=K9 ?>@B: Compatibility Mode  >4=>=0?@02;5==K9 (2K2>4) ?> ?@>B>:>;C Centronics. -B>B @568< A>>B25BAB2C5B AB0=40@B=><C (B@048F8>==><C) ?>@BC SPP; Nibble Mode  22>4 109B0 2 420 F8:;0 (?> 4 18B0), 8A?>;L7CO 4;O 22>40 ;8=88 A>AB>O=8O. -B>B @568< >1<5=0 <>65B 8A?>;L7>20BLAO =0 ;N1KE 040?B5@0E; Byte Mode  22>4 109B0 F5;8:><, 8A?>;L7CO 4;O ?@85<0 ;8=88 40==KE. -B>B @568< @01>B05B B>;L:> =0 ?>@B0E, 4>?CA:0NI8E GB5=85 2KE>4=KE 40==KE (Bi-Directional 8;8 PS/2 Type 1);    (Enhanced Parallel Port) Mode  42C=0?@02;5==K9 >1<5= 40==K<8, ?@8 :>B>@>< C?@02;ONI85 A83=0;K 8=B5@D59A0 35=5@8@CNBAO 0??0@0B=> 2> 2@5<O F8:;0 >1@0I5=8O : ?>@BC (GB5=8O 8;8 70?8A8 2 ?>@B). -DD5:B825= ?@8 @01>B5 A CAB@>9AB20<8 2=5H=59 ?0<OB8, 040?B5@0<8 ;>:0;L=KE A5B59; !  (Extended Capability Port) Mode  42C=0?@02;5==K9 >1<5= A 2>7<>6=>ABLN 0??0@0B=>3> A60B8O 40==KE ?> <5B>4C RLE (Run Length Encoding), 8A?>;L7>20=8O FIFO-1CD5@>2 8 DMA. #?@02;ONI85 A83=0;K 8=B5@D59A0 35=5@8@CNBAO 0??0@0B=>. -DD5:B825= 4;O ?@8=B5@>2 8 A:0=5@>2.  A>2@5<5==KE <0H8=0E A LPT-?>@B>< =0 A8AB5<=>9 ?;0B5 @568< ?>@B0  SPP,   , !  8;8 8E :><18=0F8O 70405BAO 2 BIOS Setup. 568< Compatibility Mode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entronics-36), C (=>2K9 <0;>3010@8B=K9 36-:>=B0:B=K9 @07J5<). =B5@D59A=K5 :015;8 <>3CB 8<5BL >B 18 4> 25 ?@>2>4=8:>2 (2 7028A8<>AB8 >B G8A;0 ?@>2>4=8:>2 GND). 5 ?@54JO2;O5BAO 65AB:8E B@51>20=89 : M:@0=8@>2:5 8 ?@>G8< ?0@0<5B@0<, >4=0:>, B0:85 :015;8 <>3CB @01>B0BL B>;L:> =0 =87:8E A:>@>ABOE ?@8 4;8=5 =5 1>;55 2 <5B@>2. !B0=40@B IEEE 1284 4;O C;CGH5==KE :015;59 >?@545;O5B A;54CNI85 ?0@0<5B@K: A5 A83=0;L=K5 ?@>2>4=8:8 4>;6=K 1KBL ?5@528BK A >B45;L=K<8 >1@0B=K<8 (>1I8<8) ?@>2>40<8; 0640O ?0@0 4>;6=0 8<5BL 8<?540=A 626 < 2 480?07>=5 G0AB>B 4 16 F; #@>25=L ?5@5:@5AB=KE ?><5E =5 4>;65= ?@52KH0BL 10%; 015;L 4>;65= 8<5BL M:@0=, ?>:@K20NI89 =5 <5=55 85 ?@>F5=B>2 2=5H=59 ?>25@E=>AB8. 0 :>=F0E :015;O M:@0= 4>;65= 1KBL >:>;LF>20= 8 A>548=5= A :>=B0:B>< @07J5<0 GND. 015;8, C4>2;5B2>@ONI85 MB8< B@51>20=8O<, <0@:8@CNBAO :0: "IEEE Std 1284 - 1994 Compliant". =8 <>3CB 8<5BL 4;8=C 4> 10 <5B@>2. 01>B0 A ?0@0;;5;L=K< ?>@B>< =0 =87:>< C@>2=5 (B.5. =0 C@>2=5 ?@O<>3> >1@0I5=8O : :>=B@>;;5@C ?>@B0) ?@8<5=O5BAO ?@8 @5H5=88 @07;8G=>3> :@C30 7040G ?> >1<5=C 8=D>@<0F859 A =5AB0=40@B=K<8 CAB@>9AB20<8, 4;O =0?8A0=8O 4@0925@>2 ?@8=B5@>2 8 @O40 4@C38E 7040G. @O<0O @01>B0 A :>=B@>;;5@>< ?>72>;O5B @50;87>20BL ;N1>9 ?@>B>:>; >1<5=0 A CAB@>9AB2>< 8 8A?>;L7>20BL ;8=88 ?>@B0 ?> A2>5<C CA<>B@5=8N. >=B@>;;5@ ?>@B0 @0A?>;>65= 2 04@5A=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25 CAB@>9AB2 22>40-2K2>40 8 >1@0I5=85 : =5<C ?@>872>48BAO ?>A@54AB2>< :><0=4 IN 8 OUT 0AA5<1;5@0. ;8 ?@8 ?><>I8 A?5F80;L=KE :><0=4 :><?8;OB>@>2 ?@>3@0<<, =0?8A0==KE =0 O7K:0E 2KA>:>3> C@>2=O. =D>@<0F8N > ?>@B0E LPT1  LPT3 <>6=> ?>;CG8BL, ?@>G8B02 ?5@5<5==K5 BIOS, ?@82545==K5 2 B01;. 5. BIOS 8I5B ?>@BK ?> 04@5A0< Base: 3BCh, 378h, 278h. >@B LPT4 BIOS =09B8 =5 <>65B: 378h - ?0@0;;5;L=K9 040?B5@ LPT1; 278h - ?0@0;;5;L=K9 040?B5@ LPT2; 3BCh - ?0@0;;5;L=K9 040?B5@ LPT3; "01;8F0 5. 5@5<5==K5 BIOS 4;O LPT ?>@B>2 <O ?>@B04@5A 2 BIOS"8? ?5@5<5==>9?8A0=85LPT10040:0008hWord07>2K9 04@5A ?>@B0 LPT1. A;8 ?5@5<5==0O @02=0 0, B> ?>@B LPT1 =5 =0945=0040:0078hByte>=AB0=B0, 7040NI0O B09<-0CB LPT20040:000AhWord07>2K9 04@5A ?>@B0 LPT2. A;8 ?5@5<5==0O @02=0 0, B> ?>@B LPT2 =5 =0945=0040:0079hByte>=AB0=B0, 7040NI0O B09<-0CBLPT30040:000ChWord07>2K9 04@5A ?>@B0 LPT3. A;8 ?5@5<5==0O @02=0 0, B> ?>@B LPT3 =5 =0945=0040:007AhByte>=AB0=B0, 7040NI0O B09<-0CBLPT40040:000EhWord07>2K9 04@5A ?>@B0 LPT4. A;8 ?5@5<5==0O @02=0 0, B> ?>@B LPT4 =5 =0945=0040:007BhByte>=AB0=B0, 7040NI0O B09<-0CB !B0=40@B=K9 ?>@B 8<55B B@8 8-18B=KE @538AB@0, @0A?>;>65==KE ?> A>A54=8< 04@5A0<, =0G8=0O A 107>2>3> (Base) 04@5A0. 5@5G5=L 40==KE @538AB@>2 ?@82545= 2- B01;. 6. "01;8F0 6. 538AB@K AB0=40@B=>3> LPT ?>@B0 4@5A0720=85W-RBase+0Data Register  @538AB@ 40==KE (DR)W/RBase+1Status register  @538AB@ A>AB>O=8O (SR)RBase+2Control Register  @538AB@ C?@02;5=8O (CR)W/R@8<5G0=85. W-R  4>ABC?=K5 >?5@0F88 (W  70?8AL, R  GB5=85, W/R  70?8AL/GB5=85). 538AB@ 40==KE (DR). 0?8A0==K5 2 MB>B @538AB@ 40==K5 2K2>4OBAO =0 2KE>4=K5 ;8=88 8=B5@D59A0 D0(D7. 57C;LB0B GB5=8O MB>3> @538AB@0 7028A8B >B AE5<>B5E=8:8 040?B5@0 8 A>>B25BAB2CNB ;81> 70?8A0==K< @0=55 40==K<, ;81> A83=0;0< =0 ;8=8OE D0(D7, GB> =5 2A5340 >4=> 8 B>65. @8 AB0=40@B=>< 2:;NG5=88 A?@0254;82 ?5@2K9 20@80=B - G8B05<K5 40==K5 @02=K @0=55 70?8A0==K<. 538AB@ A>AB>O=8O (SR). @54AB02;O5B A>1>9 5-B8 18B=K9 ?>@B 22>40, =0 :>B>@K9 702545=K A83=0;K A>AB>O=8O >B 2=5H=53> CAB@>9AB20. >?CA:05B B>;L:> GB5=85. 07=0G5=85 18B>2 40==>3> @538AB@0 ?@82545=K 2 B01;. 7. "01;8F0 7. 8BK @538AB@0 A>AB>O=8O SR 8B5A0720=8507=0G5=857128BUSY=25@A=>5 >B>1@065=85 A>AB>O=8O ;8=88 Busy (11). @8 =87:>< C@>2=5 =0 ;8=88 11 (Busy)  18B @025= "1"  # 3>B>2> : ?@85<C >G5@54=>3> 109B0664ACKB>1@065=85 A>AB>O=8O ;8=88 ACK# (10). "0"  ?>4B25@645=85 ?@85<0, "1"  >1KG=>5 A>AB>O=85532PEB>1@065=85 A>AB>O=8O ;8=88 Paper End (12). "0"  =>@<0, "1"  2 # =5B 1C<038416SLCT OUTB>1@065=85 A>AB>O=8O ;8=88 Select (13). "0" - # =5 2K1@0=>, "1" - # 2K1@0=>38Error (8=25@A=.)B>1@065=85 A>AB>O=8O ;8=88 Error (15). "0"  >H81:0 #, "1"  >1KG=>5 A>AB>O=8524PIRQ$;03 ?@5@K20=8O ?> ACK# (B>;L:> PS/2). 1=C;O5BAO, 5A;8 ACK# 2K720; 0??0@0B=>5 ?@5@K20=85. "1"  ?>A;5 A1@>A0 8;8 ?>A;5 GB5=8O @538AB@0 A>AB>O=8O1-04-1--5 8A?>;L7CNBAO (@575@2) 538AB@ C?@02;5=8O (CR). 538AB@ C?@02;5=8O ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 4-E 18B=K9 ?>@B 2K2>40, 4>?CA:0NI89 GB5=85 8 70?8AL. 8BK 0, 1, 3 8=25@B8@CNBAO, B.5. "1" 2 40==KE 18B0E @538AB@0 C?@02;5=8O A>>B25BAB2C5B "0" =0 A>>B25BAB2CNI8E ;8=8OE ?>@B0. 07=0G5=85 18B>2 @538AB@0 C?@02;5=8O ?@82545=K 2 B01;. 8. 8B 5 8A?>;L7C5BAO B>;L:> 42C=0?@02;5==K<8 ?>@B0<8. @>3@0<<8@>20=85 8=B5@D59A0 ;O @07@01>B:8 ?@8:;04=KE ?@>3@0<< =5>1E>48<> 2K1@0BL O7K: ?@>3@0<<8@>20=8O. A;8 B@51C5BAO =5A;>6=0O, 1KAB@0O 8 :><?0:B=0O ?@>3@0<<0, :>B>@0O =5 A>45@68B A;>6=KE 2KG8A;8B5;L=KE >?5@0F89, B> 4;O 55 =0?8A0=8O ;CGH5 2K18@0BL O7K: =87:>3> C@>2=O (O7K: 0AA5<1;5@0). /7K: 0AA5<1;5@0 >B=>A8BAO : 3@C??5 <0H8==>->@85=B8@>20==KE O7K:>2, B.5. :064><C A5<59AB2C <8:@>?@>F5AA>@>2 A>>B25BAB2C5B A2>9 O7K:. "01;8F0 8. 8BK @538AB@0 C?@02;5=8O CR 8B5A0720=8507=0G5=857128- 575@2664- 575@2532Direction8B C?@02;5=8O =0?@02;5=85< ?>@B0. "1"  @568< 22>40, "0"  @568< 2K2>40416AckIntEn8B C?@02;5=8O 35=5@0F859 ?@5@K20=8O ?> ACK# . "1"  @07@5H8BL ?@5@K20=85 ?> A?04C ACK# (10)38SLCT IN#?@02;5=85 ;8=859 SLCT IN# (17). "1"  @01>B0 ?@8=B5@0 @07@5H5=0.24INIT#?@02;5=85 ;8=859 INIT# (16). "1"  >1KG=>5 A>AB>O=85, "0"  0??0@0B=K9 A1@>A #12Auto LF#?@02;5=85 ;8=859 Auto LF# (14). "1"  2:;NG8BL @568< "Auto LF", "0"  >1KG=>5 A>AB.01Strobe#?@02;5=85 ;8=859 Strobe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ort[$378]:=xmov al,x mov dx,378h out dx,alPRIVATE% - G8A;> B8?0 "byte" (0..255). 0?@8<5@, ?@8 ?>AK;:5 170 (dec) = 10101010 (bin) =0 ;8=88 d0 d7 548=8G=K9 A83=0; 1C45B ?@8ACBAB2>20BL =0 2K2>40E d1, d3, d5, d7 (>1>7=0G5=85 2K2>4>2 =0G8=05BAO A d0). '8A;> 170 >AB0=5BAO =0 2K2>40E @07JQ<0 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 K =5 ?5@5H;QB5 BC40 65 4@C3>5 G8A;> (MB> <>65B A45;0BL 8 4@C30O ?@>3@0<<0) 8;8 =5 2K:;NG8B5 :><?LNB5@. 0<5BLB5, GB> 04@5A ?>@B0 2 :><0=45 7040= 2 H5AB=04F0B8@8G=>< (hex) 2845, 0 ?>AK;:0 - 2 45AOB8G=>< (dec). A;8 2<5AB> 0A:0;L-:><0=4K Port[$378]:=170; K ?@8<5=8B5 d:=Port[$378]; 345 d  ?5@5<5==0O, B> ?5@5<5==0O ?@8<5B 7=0G5=85 ?>A;54=53> ?>A;0==>3> 2 ?>@B 109B0 8;8, ?@8 ?5@5E>45 2 @568< ?@8Q<0, 7=0G5=85 109B0, ?>40==>3> =0 ?>@B 2=5H=8< CAB@>9AB2><. @8<5@ GB5=8O AB0BCA-@538AB@0 =0 O7K:5 Pascal: PRIVATEd:=Port[$379];  ?5@5<5==>9 d ?>A;5 2K?>;=5=8O ?@>3@0<<K 1C45B >B>1@065=> A>AB>O=85 ?>@B0. >?CAB8<, ?5@5<5==0O 25@=C;0 7=0G5=85 126 (dec).  42>8G=>< (bin) 2845 >=> 2K3;O48B :0: 01111110. ;04H85 (?@02K5) B@8 18B0 (=C;52>9, ?5@2K9 8 2B>@>9) =5 8A?>;L7CNBAO, 8 ?>GB8 @02=K 1, 1 8 0. "@5B89 18B  1, 7=0G8B =0 ERROR 2KA>:89 C@>25=L. "0 65 A8BC0F8O =0 SELECT, Paper End, ACK 8 BUSY (=5 701K209B5, GB> A83=0; BUSY O2;O5BAO 8=25@B8@>20==K<). @82545< ?@8<5@ D@03<5=B0 ?@>3@0<<K, :>B>@0O AG8BK205B 109B A ;8=89 40==KE D0-D7: Port[$37A]:=32; {32 "2:;NG05B" 548=8FC 2 ?OB><} d:=Port[$378] ; {18B5, ?5@52>4O ?>@B 2 @568< 22>40} 0: 284=> 87 ?@82545==KE ?@8<5@>2, ?@>3@0<<8@>20=85 LPT-?>@B0 O2;O5BAO 25AL<0 ?@>AB>9 7040G59, GB> ?>72>;O5B 2 7=0G8B5;L=>9 AB5?5=8 >1;53G8BL @01>BC @07@01>BG8:0 ?@>3@0<<=>3> >15A?5G5=8O CAB@>9AB2 A >1AC6405<K< 8=B5@D59A><. !! " ,+%  ! ;O G53> ?@54=07=0G5= ?0@0;;5;L=K9 8=B5@D59A Centronics? 'B> ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 040?B5@ LPT-?>@B0? 5@5G8A;8B5 >A=>2=K5 ?0@0<5B@K 8=B5@D59A0 Centronics? 0:85 >A=>2=K5 A83=0;K 8A?>;L7CNBAO >1AC6405<K< 8=B5@D59A>< 4;O >15A?5G5=8O ?5@540G8 40==KE >B :><?LNB5@0 : ?5@8D5@89=><C CAB@>9AB2C? ?8H8B5 AB0=40@B=K9 ?@>B>:>; >1<5=0 40==K<8 G5@57 8=B5@D59A Centronics. 5@5G8A;8B5 @568<K >1<5=0 40==K<8 G5@57 LPT-?>@B A>3;0A=> A?5F8D8:0F88 IEEE 1284. 0: >ACI5AB2;O5BAO 42C=0?@02;5==K9 >1<5= 40==K<8 G5@57 LPT-?>@B? 0:8<8 M;5:B@8G5A:8<8 ?0@0<5B@0<8 >1;0405B LPT-?>@B, 2K?>;=5==K9 A>3;0A=> A?5F8D8:0F88 IEEE 1284? 0: >ACI5AB2;O5BAO @01>B0 A LPT-?>@B>< =0 =87:>< C@>2=5? 0:85 DC=:F88 2K?>;=O5B @538AB@ 40==KE? 5@5G8A;8B5 18BK @538AB@0 A>AB>O=8O AB0=40@B=>3> LPT-?>@B0 8 C:068B5 8E =07=0G5=85. 5@5G8A;8B5 18BK @538AB@0 C?@02;5=8O AB0=40@B=>3> LPT-?>@B0 8 C:068B5 8E =07=0G5=85. 0: >ACI5AB2;O5BAO ?@>3@0<<8@>20=85 @538AB@>2 8=B5@D59A0 A 8A?>;L7>20=85< O7K:0 0A:0;L? !?8A>: 8A?>;L7>20==KE 8AB>G=8:>2: C: . ??0@0B=K5 A@54AB20 IBM PC. -=F8:;>?548O - !1: 8B5@ ><, 1999. .. 5=5=A>=, .. 8B5=15@3, .. 5;L=8:>2 8 4@. 5G0B0NI85 CAB@>9AB20 ?5@A>=0;L=KE -: !?@02>G=8: / >4 @54. .. 8B5=15@30.  .: 048> 8 A2O7L, 1992. . @0C=, 6. 09;. !?@02>G=8: ?> ?@5@K20=8O< IBM PC:  2-E B><0E: ".1. 5@. A 0=3;.  .: 8@ , 1994. 0=:0= . @>D5AA8>=0;L=0O @01>B0 2 MS-DOS: 5@. A 0=3;. .: 8@, 1993. .. 8;LI8:>2. @>3@0<<8@>20=85 =0 O7K:5 0AA5<1;5@0 IBM PC.  M.: 80;>3  $, 1997. $@>;>2 .., $@>;>2 .. ??0@0B=>5 >15A?5G5=85 IBM PC:  2-E G.:  .: "80;>3 $", 1998. OG52 .. =B5@D59AK A@54AB2 2KG8A;8B5;L=>9 B5E=8:8: !?@02>G=8:,  .: 048> 8 A2O7L, 1992.  BG5B > 2K?>;=5=88 ;01>@0B>@=>9 @01>BK ?>43>B02;8205BAO :064K< ABC45=B>< : 70I8B5 @01>BK 8 4>;65= A>45@60BL A;54CNI85 >1O70B5;L=K5 M;5<5=BK: 8G=K5 40==K5 ABC45=B0, 2K?>;=82H53> @01>BC. 0720=85 @01>BK, 55 F5;L, ?5@5G5=L 8A?>;L7C5<>3> >1>@C4>20=8O. @0B:>5 87;>65=85 B5>@5B8G5A:>3> <0B5@80;0 2 2845 >B25B>2 =0 :>=B@>;L=K5 2>?@>AK, ?@82545==K5 2 :>=F5 @01>BK. !E5<C ;01>@0B>@=>9 CAB0=>2:8 A ?>4@>1=K< >?8A0=85< ?@8=F8?>2 55 @01>BK. 5@5G5=L 7040=89 : @01>B5 A ?@54?>;0305<K< ?;0=>< 8E 2K?>;=5=8O. BG5BK > 2K?>;=5=88 2A5E 7040=89. >;6=K 2:;NG0BL 2A5 8A?>;L7C5<K5 AE5<K, ?>;CG5==K5 40==K5, 70@8A>2:8 >AF8;;>3@0<< 8 ;8AB8=38 =0?8A0==KE ?@>3@0<<. K2>4K. D>@<;5=85 >BG5B0  ?@>872>;L=>5. -;5<5=BK >BG5B0 ! 1-5 ?>43>B02;820NBAO 4> 2K?>;=5=8O @01>BK. E =0;8G85 AG8B05BAO >A=>20=85< 4;O 4>?CA:0 ABC45=B0 : 2K?>;=5=8N @01>BK.  2545=85 301>@0B>@=0O @01>B0 !1. !?>A>1K F8D@>-0=0;>3>2>3> ?@5>1@07>20=8O  5 01>@0B>@=0O @01>B0 !2. !?>A>1K 0=0;>3>-F8D@>2>3> ?@5>1@07>20=8O  501>@0B>@=0O @01>B0 !3. =0;>3>2K5 :;NG8. #AB@>9AB2> 2K1>@:8-E@0=5=8O  501>@0B>@=0O @01>B0 !4. #?@02;5=85 H03>2K<8 42830B5;O<8  501>@0B>@=0O @01>B0 !5. 2B><0B878@>20==K9 >?B8G5A:89 A?5:B@><5B@  5@8;>65=85. =B5@D59A Centronics 8 53> ?@>3@0<<8@>20=85  5D>@<;5=85 >BG5B05  PAGE  PAGE  PAGE 116 -PAGE 98- b JLNP.6JN  , ÿzupmhmCJNHCJCJNH@(CJ@CJ CJOJQJCJNHOJQJ CJOJQJ 5@CJCJ5CJ(OJQJ5;CJ(OJQJ5;CJOJQJ;CJ;CJ 5CJ5CJOJQJ5CJOJQJ;;NHOJQJ ;OJQJOJQJjUmH sH jUmHnHu'b JLNPz $d8`a$ $d`a$ $<`a$$`a$$a$FJ^0246 $d`a$d^dd` $d`a$ $d8`a$V, . 0 2 4 6 8  $dx$If`a$ d^` $d`a$d^d$dx^`a$$d^`a$      $ B V & ( . ~ "h ,R\0F`}y6@ ;@ CJ@CJ 5@CJ@ ;@CJ@CJ5@ 5;@5;@CJCJ5CJ5CJ CJmHsHCJ ;@CJ@ CJCJ CJmHsH@CJmHsH@ CJmHsH@CJ 5@ CJ 5@ CJ 5CJ/  " $ B D ||||m` d^`dx^`d^dx^`E$$Ifl0> t4 ladx$If`$dtx$If]`a$  R $dx`a$$`a$ $d`a$d`d24bhr&d d` $dL`a$ $dB`a$$`a$ $x`a$ $d`a$v~z|df(*  !!v!x!##$$l&n&&&''''((z(|(j)l)))R*T***6+8+f+z+~++,,--Z.\.l.n.6/8/&0(0mH sH NH5;CJOJQJhCJjUmHnHu @CJNH@CJ@CJmH sH @CJ@6@J&P" *'*.1n4\5b5d5f5h5z55555$d$If`a$$d$If`a$ $d`a$ $d`a$d`d (0112 2 33T4V4^5`5b5h55555555555555555566 6B6D6F6~666666J7L72848&:(:<:>:L:N:P::::::::: ;ĤjIUmH sH 'jHC B*CJUVmHnHphujUmH sH CJmH sH  jUCJ5CJ0OJQJ5CJOJQJ5CJ5CJ$OJQJ5CJ,OJQJCJ j6rUNH=5555555555555566 6B6 L$d$If`a$$d$If`a$E$$Ifl01 t4 lahB6D6F6~66666666.909L9J:P:x$da$!$`a$$d$If`a$E$$Ifl01 t4 lah$d$If`a$P::::h;l;;;R<X<<<<p=v=x=z=|==== $d`a$ $d`a$ $rdx`ra$$srdx]s`ra$$da$ $dx`a$ ;";&;(;h;j;l;;;;;;;;;T<V<X<<<<<<n=p=r=t=v=|=============0>4>V>Z>>>>>??^?`???D@F@@@@NHCJ5CJOJQJ5CJ5CJ$OJQJ5CJ,OJQJCJ mH sH j5CJ0OJQJU5CJ0OJQJ j+CJUCJNHjCJUmH sH  j7U j0UCJ CJmH sH ;================0>2> E$$Ifl01 t4 lah$d$If`a$$d$If`a$2>4>V>X>Z>>>>>>>>>@@@BLx!$`a$$d$If`a$$d$If`a$E$$Ifl01 t4 lah@@>A@ABBBBBBBBBBB8C:CCCCCCDDdDhDjDlDrDDD EELETEEEEE.F6FXF`FFFFFGGpGrGGGvHxHI˿CJ5CJOJQJ5CJ$OJQJ5CJ,OJQJCJ j 5CJ0OJQJU CJmH sH 5CJ0OJQJmH sH j4H5CJ0OJQJUj5CJ0OJQJUCJNHCJ5CJ0OJQJ jUNHCJ7BBBBBB.CCC DlDnDpDrDDDDD E$d$If`a$ $dx`a$ $d`a$ $rd`ra$ $dx`a$ $d`a$ EEELERETEEEEEEE.F4F6FXFT$d$If`a$$d$If`a$E$$Ifl01 t4 lah$d$If`a$XF^F`FFFFFFFFGxHzHH@J!$`a$!`$d$If`a$E$$Ifl01 t4 lah$d$If`a$II2J4JBJ~JJJfKhKKK(M*M,MMMMNNNOOhOjOOOPPJQLQQQ:Rw@w0x2xxx&y(yyyyyyyyyyzzzz{{||}}r}t}}}}~ ~~~DJLNPȁCJhCJmHnHuj~CJUmHnHu5;CJOJQJhNHhh j-NHmH sH H*CJNH jCJUCJ jJlCJUF,uvy~}}}}LPP$$d83&#$+D /`a$$d8x3&#$+D /`a$$dx3&#$+D /`a$ $d`a$d`ȁʁȂʂ*,46ƒވ<>nvvx BH’ĒȒHNȓʓΓD5hj4CJUh6hCJhmH sH  CJH*hjCJUmHnHu OJQJhH*5NHCJh CJNHhJJN@D"֦d $dx`a$$dxx`a$ $x`a$ $d`a$d $d$`a$$d$a$D&(.0hjl̕Е֕ڕ<>JLN@BDĚƚ\^֛؛$&ȜΜ vz|ln۰H*NHCJOJQJmHnHu j*CJOJQJUmHnHu 5H*h5hCJNHCJ OJQJhjOJQJUhNHh hmH sH H*hhCtvСҡ֡rtln̤Τ֦ئܦ<>dfNܫޫެ­ڭܭ Ʈnpΰh²IJʲ̲ij8Ĵ:<^`صڵNP@B "p j-h5;CJOJQJh 6NHh6hH*h 5H*h5hNHhhS8hz|*, $d8`a$ $rd`ra$d $d$x`a$ $d`a$$`a$dprz|RThjvx>@*,jl*(*NP(*&( H*h hmH sH 5h CJNHhCJhmH sH 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