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(1) A;8 CG5ABL A;CG09, :>340 A;>9 n <>65B 1KBL 70?>;=5= G0AB8G=>, B> <>6=> 70?8A0BL >1>1I0NI55 C@02=5=85: =============$>@<C;0 2 AB@. 111=========== y(z)=a"z"+a"n-1"+...+a"2"+a, (2) 87 :>B>@>3> ;53:> ?>;CG8BL 2K@065=85 (1), ?>;>68< z=n. 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a=5, GB> A>3;0AC5BAO A M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K<8 40==K<8 [72], 8 1 n 8. :070;>AL 2>7<>6=K< 2KO28BL 8 =5:>B>@K5 =5 2>H54H85 2 B01;. 3 25;8G8=K A;>20@=KE D>=4>2. 5>1E>48<> A45;0BL >3>2>@:C, :0A0NICNAO G8A;0 G;5=>2 @O40, 70?8A0==>3> 2 ?@02>9 G0AB8 C@02=5=8O (1). A;8 >AB028BL 420 ?5@2KE (A;520) G;5=0 MB>3> @O40, >B1@>A82 2A5 >AB0;L=K5, B> >H81:0 >F5=:8 >1J5<0 y(n) =5 ?@52KA8B 4,5% 4;O :0:>3> C3>4=> G8A;0 n. 0945==0O 25;8G8=0 O2=> =5 ?@52>AE>48B 25;8G8=C >H81:8 CA@54=5=8O 40==KE B01;. 3. >MB><C 40;55 A;54C5B ?8A0BL 8 C@02=5=85 ==============$>@<C;0 AB@. 113========== y(n)=a"n"+a"n-1", (3) >72>;ONI55 >?@545;8BL A 8725AB=K< C@>2=5< 4>AB>25@=>AB8 <8=8<0;L=K5 B5>@5B8G5A:85 >F5=:8 ;5:A8G5A:8E :>=AB0=B, 8<5NI8E <=5<>=8G5A:CN >1CA;>2;5==>ABL. KG8A;8< =0 >A=>20=88 C@02=5=89 (1) 8 (3) >1J5<K y(n) 8 ?@>:><<5=B8@C5< 8E :0: ?A8E>;>38G5A:85 @50;L=>AB8, ?@>8AB5:0NI85 87 70:>=><5@=>AB8 DC=:F8>=0;L=>-A;>8AB>9 >@30=870F88 E@0=8;8I0 G5;>25G5A:>9 ?0<OB8 (B01;. 4). @54AB02;5==K5 0 B01;. 4 40==K5 E>@>H> A>3;0ACNBAO A >F5=:0<8, A8AB5<0B878@>20==K<8 2 B01;. 3. '5< 2K720=K =01;N405<K5 @07;8G8O 2 C@>2=5 DC=:F8>=8@>20=8O A;54>2, @07<5I5==KE 2 @07;8G=KE A;>OE?  A>>B25BAB288 A 2K428=CB>9 38?>B57>9 2 >A=>25 DC=:F8>=0;L=>3> @0AA;>5=8O, AB@C:BC@8@>20=8O E@0=8;8I0 ?0<OB8 ;560B 53> 8=D>@<0F8>==>-2@5<5==K5 A2>9AB20. 0AA<>B@8< =5:>B>@K5 38?>B5B8G5A:85 E0@0:B5@8AB8:8, :>B>@K5 <>3CB 45B5@<8=8@>20BL ?@>F5AA B0:>3> @0AA;>5=8O.  :0G5AB25 >4=>9 87 =8E =07>25< A?5F8D8G=>5 4;O A;>O A@54=5 2@5<O 70:@5?;5=8O 2 =5< 548=8FK E@0=5=8O, :>B>@>5 <>65B 1KBL @07;8G=K< 4;O :064>3> 87 B@5E C@>2=59 ?0<OB8. @C3>9 E0@0:B5@8AB8:>9 O2;O5BAO 2@5<O E@0=5=8O A;540 2 ?0<OB8 157 ?>4:@5?;5=8O, B. 5. ?>2B>@=>9 0:BC0;870F88.  AD>@<C;8@>20==>9 @0=55 38?>B57K 2KB5:05B, GB> 2 >1>8E A;CG0OE 2@5<O 2>7@0AB05B ?@>?>@F8>=0;L=> =><5@C A;>O. #G8BK20O MB>, 2KA:065< @O4 CB25@645=89. 1.  ?5@2KE A;>OE E@0=8;8I0 ?0<OB8 A;54K D8:A8@C5BAO A =08<5=LH8<8 2@5<5==K<8 B@0B0<8, "70BCE0NB" 1KAB@55. !;54K, ?>2B>@=0O 0:BC0;870F8O :>B>@KE ?@>8AE>48B G5@57 8=B5@20;, ?@52>AE>4OI89 ?@8ACI55 A;>N 2@5<O A>E@0=5=8O, ?5@5<5I0NBAO ?>A;54>20B5;L=> 2 A;>8 A 1>;55 2KA>:8<8 =><5@0<8 8 8A?>;L7CNBAO 2 =8E =0 1>;55 =87:8E C@>2=OE ?0<OB8. 8HL >A>15==> G0AB> 0:BC0;878@C5<K5 A;54K <>3CB ?>AB>O==> C45@6820BLAO 2 A;>OE A =0G0;L=K<8 =><5@0<8. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> 2 ;5:A8G5A:>< E@0=8;8I5 ?0<OB8 ACI5AB2C5B C?>@O4>G5=85 A;54>2 ?> A;>O< 2 A>>B25BAB288 A G0AB>B>9 8E 8A?>;L7>20=8O. @54AB02;5=85 > ?>4>1=>9 85@0@E88 E>@>H> A>3;0AC5BAO A <=>38<8 40==K<8 [116]. --------0@B8=:0 AB@. 114------ "01;8F0 4. "5>@5B8G5A:85 >F5=:8 25@10;L=KE 70?0A>2 ?0<OB8 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B 25;8G8=K n(a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A>15==>5 (=0?@8<5@, B8?>;>38G5A:>5) <>6=> @0AA<0B@820BL :0: 20@80=B >1I53>, 0 548=8G=>5 (=0?@8<5@, 8=48284C0;L=>5) - :0: 20@80F8N >A>15==>3> (B8?>;>38G5A:>3>). >MB><C G0AB> A8AB5<=K5 >?8A0=8O >?8@0NBAO =0 @53C;O@=K5 <>45;8, :>B>@K< A2>9AB25==K ?@>ABK5 70:>=><5@=>AB8, ?@028;L=>ABL 8 @02=><5@=>ABL. @8<5@0<8 B0:8E <>45;59 O2;ONBAO =0BC@0;L=K9 @O4 G8A5;, @O4 F5;KE G8A5;, A>2>:C?=>ABL ?@028;L=KE <=>3>C3>;L=8:>2 8;8 <=>3>3@0==8:>2, A5<59AB2> DC=:F89, ?>;=0O 3@C??0 >?5@0F89 8 B. ?. !>2@5<5==0O ?A8E>;>38O 2A5 5I5 >G5=L "<=>3>;8:0": 2 =59 >4=>2@5<5==> A>ACI5AB2CNB 45AOB:8 @07;8G=KE :>=F5?F89 2>A?@8OB8O, <KH;5=8O, ;8G=>AB8. 0< ?@54AB02;O5BAO, GB> A8AB5<=K9 ?>4E>4 8 53> :>=:@5B=K5 @50;870F88 - A8AB5<=K9 0=0;87 8 A8AB5<=K9 A8=B57 - A;C60B <>I=K< A@54AB2>< ?@5>4>;5=8O 87;8H=53> <=>3>>1@078O 273;O4>2, :>=F5?F89, ?0@0483<, A@54AB2>< A>740=8O >1I59 B5>@88 ?A8E8G5A:8E O2;5=89. #", " "# + 1. 5=8= . . >;=. A>1@. A>G., B. 29. 2. :8=I8:>20 . . AA;54>20=85 2535B0B82=KE A4283>2 ?>4 2;8O=85< AB@5AA>2>9 A8BC0F88. -  :=.: AA;54>20=85 ;8G=>AB8 2 :;8=8:5 8 2 M:AB@5<0;L=KE CA;>28OE: "@C4K 5=8=3@. ?A8E>=52@>;. 8=-B0 8<. . . 5EB5@520. ., 1969, A. 108 - 117. 3. <G8A;02A:89 . /. -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=K5 8AA;54>20=8O B>G=>AB8 8 2@5<5=8 ?@85<0 8=D>@<0F88 G5;>25:><->?5@0B>@>< ?@8 845=B8D8:0F88 >4=><5@=KE AB8<C;>2: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1976. 16 A. 4. =0=L52 . . A8E>;>38G5A:0O AB@C:BC@0 G5;>25:0. -  :=.: '5;>25:0 8 >1I5AB2>. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1967, 2K?. II, A. 235 - 249. 5. =0=L52 . . '5;>25: :0: ?@54<5B ?>7=0=8O.., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1969. 339 A. 6. =0=L52 . . 5:>B>@K5 ?@>1;5<K ?A8E>;>388 27@>A;KE. ., =0=85. 1972. 32 A. 7. =0=L52 . . !5=A>@=>-?5@F5?B82=0O >@30=870F8O G5;>25:0. -  :=.:  ?@>1;5<0E A>2@5<5==>3> G5;>25:>7=0=8O. ., 0C:0, 1977, A. 49 - 148. 8. =>E8= . . G5@:8 ?> D878>;>388 DC=:F8>=0;L=KE A8AB5<. ., 548F8=0, 1975. 447 A. 9. @85A $. >7@0ABK 687=8. -  :=.: $8;>A>D8O 8 <5B>4>;>38O 8AB>@88. ., @>3@5AA, 1977, A. 216 - 244. 10. @8AB>B5;L. 5B0D878:0. -  :=.: !>G8=5=8O. ., KA;L, 1975, B. 1, A. 63 - 368. 11. B:8=A>= . '5;>25G5A:0O ?0<OBL 8 ?@>F5AA >1CG5=8O. ., @>3@5AA, 1980. 528 A. 12. 0@48= . ., CA8; . ==>B0F8O <>=>3@0D88 ". 0@45;0 8 . >HG> "@54<5B 8 A8AB5<0 ?A8E>;>388". - ?A8E>;. 6C@=., 1980, B. 1,5, A. 161 - 162. 13. 5@=HB59= . .  ?>AB@>5=88 42865=89. ., 54387, 1947. 25 A. 14. 81;8>B5G=>-181;8>3@0D8G5A:0O :;0AA8D8:0F8O: "01;8FK 4;O =0CG=KE 181;8>B5:. K?. XXIII. ".. $8;>A>DA:85 =0C:8. A8E>;>38O". ., =830, 1967. 15. >6>28G . . 8G=>ABL 8 55 D>@<8@>20=85 2 45BA:>< 2>7@0AB5. ., @>A25I5=85, 1968. 464 A. 16. C48;>20 . . $8;>A>DA:85 ?@>1;5<K 2 A>25BA:>9 ?A8E>;>388. ., 0C:0, 1972. 336 A. 17. C=0: . . K45;5=85 MB0?>2 >=B>35=570 8 E@>=>;>38G5A:85 3@0=8FK 2>7@0AB=KE ?5@8>4>2. - !>2. ?5403>38:0, 1965, 11, A. 108 - 13. 18. 0@45= . ., 20= 45@. @>1C640NI0OAO =0C:0: 0B5<0B8:0 @52=53> 538?B0, 028;>=0 8 @5F88. ., $87<0B387, 1959. 459 A. 19. 2545=A:89 . . A8E>;>38O 157 2AO:>9 <5B0D878:8. 3., 1917. 536 A. 20. >7@0AB=0O D878>;>38O / >4 @54. . . @H02A:>3>. ., 0C:0, 1975. 691 A. 21. >;:>2 . . !>F80;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O <0;KE 3@C?? 8 :>;;5:B82>2 (>?KB M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=KE 8 ?@8:;04=KE 8AA;54>20=89 :>=B0:B=KE 3@C??): 2B>@5D. 4>:B. 48A. ., 1978. 31 A. 22. C42>@BA ., (;>A15@3 . A8E>D878:0. II 5B>4K H:0;8@>20=8O. -  :=.: @>1;5<K 8 <5B>4K ?A8E>D878:8. ., 74-2> >A:. C=-B0, 1974, G. 1, A. 17 - 228. 23. 0=75= . . "5>@5B8G5A:0O <>45;L D>@<8@>20=8O ?5@28G=>3> MB0;>=0 :>=BC@=KE 87>1@065=89 2 ?@>F5AA5 2>A?@8OB8O: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1965. 20 A. 24. 0=75= . .  ?@8=F8?0E :>48@>20=8O =5?@5@K2=KE A83=0;>2 8 42865=89. -  :=.: B5>@5B8G5A:0O 8 ?@8:;04=0O ?A8E>;>38O 5=8=3@04A:>< C=825@A8B5B5. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1969, A. 7 - 9. 25. 0=75= . . >A?@8OB85 F5;>AB=KE >1J5:B>2. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1974. 152 A. 26. 0=75= . . @>1;5<K >B>1@065=8O F5;>AB=KE >1J5:B>2 G5;>25:><: 2B>@5D. 4>:B. 48A. ., 1975. 48 A. 27. 0=75=. . ., >;>259 . . ?KB A8AB5<=>3> >?8A0=8O 8=48284C0;L=>AB8. - 5AB=. 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1979, #5, A. 67 - 75. 28. 0=75= . ., >;>259 . .  A8AB5<=><C >?8A0=8N >=B>35=570 G5;>25:0. - A8E>;. 6C@=., 1980, B. 1, #6, A. 42 - 53. 29. 0=75= . ., >;>259 . . B=>H5=8O <564C ?>B5=F8O<8 8 B5=45=F8O<8 2 AB@C:BC@5 8=48284C0;L=>AB8. -  :=.: 8G=>ABL 8 45OB5;L=>ABL. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1982, A. 3 - 1. 30. 0=75= . ., 3>=8= . . =D>@<0F8>==>-2@5<5==0O <>45;L >@30=870F88 ?0<OB8. - 5AB=. 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1981, #5, A. 47 - 56. 31. 0=75= . ., C48= . . =20@80=BK 2>A?@8OB8O. - 5AB=. 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1978, #5, A. 83 - 89. 32. 0=75= . ., 0=8G52 !. . 8E>B><8G5A:85 H:0;K A5=A>@=KE >B>1@065=89. - 5AB=. 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1980, #5, A. 69 - 75. 33. 0=75= . ., .@G5=:> . . !8AB5<=>-?>=OB89=>5 >?8A0=85 ?A8E8G5A:8E A>AB>O=89 G5;>25:0. - 5AB=. 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1976, #5, A. 97 - 102. 34. 0=75= . ., .@G5=:> . . !8AB5<=K9 ?>4E>4 : 0=0;87C, >?8A0=8N 8 M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=><C 8AA;54>20=8N ?A8E8G5A:8E A>AB>O=89 G5;>25:0. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O 8 ?@8:;04=0O ?A8E>;>38O. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1981, 2K?. 10, A. 5 - 16. 35. 5;L3>@= -. 53C;O@=K5 DC=:F88 02B>=><=>9 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K. E =07=0G5=85 4;O D878>;>388, ?A8E>;>388 8 =59@>?A8E80B@88. ., 74-2> 8=>AB@. ;8B., 1948. 414 A. 36. 5@0:;8B.  ?@8@>45. !1., 1911. 20 A. 37. 8;L<0=>20 $. . AA;54>20=85 8=48284C0;L=>-B8?8G5A:8E >A>15==>AB59 >1>=O=8O 2 AB@C:BC@5 A5=A>@=>9 >@30=870F88 G5;>25:0: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1973. 16 A. 38. 8??5=@59B5@ .. . =0;87 A8AB5<=>3> AB@>5=8O A;CE>2>3> 2>A?@8OB8O. - >:;.  !$! , 1958, #1, A. 47 - 50; 1959, #2, A. 59 - 62. 39. >;>259 . . ?KB 87CG5=8O ?A8E><>B>@=>9 >@30=870F88 G5;>25:0: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1973. 16 A. 40. >;C1520 . . =48284C0;L=K5 >A>15==>AB8 ?0<OB8 G5;>25:0. ., 5403>38:0, 1980. 151 A. 41. >@1>2 $. . 5B5@<8=0F8O ?A8E8G5A:8E A>AB>O=89. - >?@>AK ?A8E>;>388, 1971, #5, A. 20 -29. 42. @0=>2A:0O . . @8<5=5=85 :>;8G5AB25==KE <5B>4>2 : 0=0;87C 2>7@0AB=>9 87<5=G82>AB8 2708<>A2O78 8=B5;;5:BC0;L=KE DC=:F89 27@>A;KE: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1973. 26 A. 43. @0I5=:>2 . ., 0B0H . . 1 0:B82=>< E0@0:B5@5 >@85=B8@>2>G=KE @50:F88. -  :=.: 5D;5:AK 3>;>2=>3> <>730. ., 0C:0, 1965, A. 263 - 274. 44. @<5: . 5@>=B>;>38O - CG5=85 > AB0@>AB8 8 4>;3>;5B88. ., 0C:0, 1964. 131 A. 45. @>48=7 $. "5>@8O @53C;8@>20=8O 8 18>;>38G5A:85 A8AB5<K. ., 8@, 1966. 254 A. 46. 68=8 . !@54=85 25;8G8=K. ., !B0B8AB8:0, 1870. 447 A. 47. 01@>48= .. ., 515452 . . ?A8E>;>38O 8 ?A8E>D878:0. ., 0C:0, 1977. 288 A. 48. 045 . >=OB85 ;8=328AB8G5A:>9 ?5@5<5==>9 8 53> ?@8<5=5=85 : ?@8=OB8N ?@81;865==KE @5H5=89. ., 8@, 1976. 165 A. 49. 8=G5=:> . ., 525;LA:89 . . !8AB5<0 "G5;>25: 8 02B><0B". ., 0C:0, 1965, A. 155 - 160. 50. 3>=8= . . AA;54>20=8O 70?><8=0=8O 1>;LH8E A>2>:C?=>AB59 3@0D5<: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1981. 16 A. 51. ;L8= . . 7CG5=85 A2>9AB2 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K. /@>A;02;L, 74-2> /@>A;02. C=-B0, 1978. 93 A. 52. 0@A052A:0O ". . !>F80;L=0O 45B5@<8=0F8O 2>7@0AB=KE D07 G5;>25:0. -  :=.: !>>B=>H5=85 18>;>38G5A:>3> 8 A>F80;L=>3> 2 G5;>25:5. ., 1975, A. 747 - 757. 53. 0E0=0 . !., 5;L=8: . . $07K >=B>35=570 8 ?@>F5AA AB0@5=8O. 8H8=52, 0@B8O <>;4>20=5A:0, 1975. 182 A. 54. ;5G:>2A:89 . . 0A?@545;5=85 0B><=KE M;5:B@>=>2 8 ?@028;> ?>A;54>20B5;L=>3> 70?>;=5=8O (n+l)-3@C??. ., B><8740B, 1968. 55. ;K:>2 .. . !8BC0F8>==>5 C?@02;5=85 1>;LH8<8 A8AB5<0<8. ., -=5@38O, 1974. 135 A. 56. >7;>2 . ., ><0@>20 . . 5>3@0D8O 4>;3>68B5;LAB20 2 !!!  (MB=8G5A:89 0A?5:B). -  :=.: $5=><5= 4>;3>68B5;LAB20. ., 0C:0, 1982, A. 30 - 40. 57. @0B:89 ?A8E>;>38G5A:89 A;>20@L-E@8AB><0B8O / >4 @54. . . ;0B>=>20. ., KAH0O H:>;0, 1974. 134 A. 58. @K;>2 . . A8AB5<=K9 ?>4E>4 :0: >A=>20 8AA;54>20=89 8=65=5@=>9 ?A8E>;>388 8 ?A8E>;>388 B@C40. -  :=.:<5B>4>;>38O 8AA;54>20=89 ?> 8=65=5@=>9 ?A8E>;>388 8 ?A8E>;>388 B@C40. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1974, A. 5 - 11. 59. C7L<8= . . 8AB>@8G5A:85 ?@54?>AK;:8 8 3=>A5>;>38G5A:85 >A=>20=8O A8AB5<=>3> ?>4E>40. - A8E>;. 6C@=., 1982, B. 3, #3, A. 3 - 14; #4, A. 3 - 13. 60. C@F<5= 6., >@4>= $. 0 A38=5B A<5@BL! >1540 =04 AB0@5=85< 8 ?@>4;5=85 687=8. ., 8@, 1982. 215 A. 61. 07C@A:89 . $. ;0AA8D8:0F8O ;8G=>AB59. 3., , 1922. 62. 0B8=A:>-@CAA:89 A;>20@L. ., 1956. 63. 528B>2 . .  ?A8E80B@8G5A:8E A>AB>O=8OE G5;>25:0. ., @>A25I5=85, 1964. 344 A. 64. 5>=BL52 . . >=OB85 >B@065=8O 8 53> 7=0G5=85 4;O ?A8E>;>388. - >?@>AK D8;>A>D88, 1966, #12, A. 48 - 56. 65. 5>=BL52 . . ?@>1;5<0 45OB5;L=>AB8 2 ?A8E>;>388. - >?@>AK D8;>A>D88. 1972. #9. A. 95 - 108. 66. ><>2 . $.  A8AB5<=>< ?>4E>45 2 ?A8E>;>388. - >?@>AK ?A8E>;>388, 1975, #2, A. 31 - 45. 67. ><>2 . $. 1 0=0;875 45OB5;L=>AB8 >?5@0B>@0 2 A8AB5<5 "G5;>25: - <0H8=0". 5GL =0 VII :>=3@5AA5 564C=0@>4=>9 M@3>=><8G5A:>9 0AA>F80F88 (27 - 31 023. 1979, 0@H020). - Ergonomics, 1979, vol. 22, #6, p. 613 - 619. 68. NA. ., 0;0=B5@ . A8E>D878G5A:85 H:0;K. -  :=.: A8E>;>38G5A:85 87<5@5=8O. ., 8@, 1976, A. 111 - 195. 69. 0=BC@>2 . . 8 4@. ">;:>2K9 A;>20@L <0B5<0B8G5A:8E B5@<8=>2. ., @>A25I5=85, 1965. 540 A. 70. 595= !. ., (@5945@ .. . <5B>4>;>38G5A:85 0A?5:BK B5>@88 :;0AA8D8:0F88. - >?@>AK D8;>A>D88, 1976, #12, A. 67 - 79. 71. 5A0@>28G . A=>20=8O >1I59 B5>@88 A8AB5<. -  :=.: 1I0O B5>@8O A8AB5<. ., 8@, 1966, A. 15 - 48. 72. 8;;5@ 6. <038G5A:>5 G8A;> A5<L ?;NA, <8=CA 420. -  :=.: =65=5@=0O ?A8E>;>38O. ., @>3@5AA, 1964, A. 192 - 225. 73. 8;;5@ 6., 0;0=B5@ ., @81@0< . ;0=K 8 AB@C:BC@0 ?>2545=8O. ., @>3@5AA, 1965. 238 A. 74. OA8I52 . . 8G=>ABL 8 =5@2>7K. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1960. 426 A. 75. OA8I52 . . A=>2=K5 ?@>1;5<K 8 A>2@5<5==>5 A>AB>O=85 ?A8E>;>388 >B=>H5=89. -  :=.: A8E>;>38G5A:0O =0C:0 2 !!! . ., 74-2>  !$! , 1960, B. II, A. 110 - 125. 76. 03>@=K9 . ., 8:8B8= . . C;0=:8= . . @>1;5<K AB0@5=8O 8 4>;3>;5B8O. ., 1963. 77. 51K;8FK= . . A=>2=K5 A2>9AB20 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K G5;>25:0. ., @>A25I5=85, 1965. 383 A. 78. 51K;8FK= . .  2>?@>AC >1 >1I8E 8 G0AB=KE A2>9AB20E =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K. - >?@>AK ?A8E>;>388, 1968, #6, A. 29 - 43. 79. 8:8D>@>2 . !. A8E>;>38G5A:85 >A=>2K A0<>:>=B@>;O (2 A8AB5<0E "G5;>25:0 - <0H8=0"): 2B>@5D. 4>:B. 48A. ., 1978. 48 A. 80. A8?>2 . . C@A >1I53> CG5=8O > 4CH52=KE 1>;57=OE. 5@;8=, , 1923. 738 A. 81. G5@: B5>@88 B5<?5@0<5=B0 / >4 @54. . !. 5@;8=0. 5@<L, 5@<. :=86. 874-2>, 1973. 292 A. 82. 02;>2 . . >;=. A>1@. A>G. 2-5 874. ., 74-2>  !!! , 1951, B. III, :=. 2. 268 A. 83. 5B@>2 . . @0B:89 ?A8E>;>38G5A:89 A;>20@L-E@8AB><0B8O. ., KAH0O H:>;0, 1974. 134 A. 84. ;0B>=>2 . .  A8AB5<5 ?A8E>;>388. ., KA;L, 1972. 216 A. 85. ;0B>=>2 . . !8AB5<0 ?A8E>;>388 8 B5>@8O >B@065=8O. ., 0C:0, 1982. 309 A. 86. >F5?=O . . @>70 . ;>:0. !B8;8AB8G5A:85 ?@>1;5<K. ., 74-2> 5=8=3@. C=-B0, 1976. 136 A. 87. ?@0:B8:C< ?> ?A8E>;>388 / >4 @54. . . 5>=BL520, .. . 8??5=@59B5@. ., 74-2> >A:. C=-B0, 1972. 248 A. 88. A8E>;>38G5A:89 A;>20@L / !>AB. . . 0@H020, . !. K3>BA:89. ., 1931. 89. A8E>;>38G5A:89 A;>20@L / !>AB. . . >3>7>2, . . >7<0=, . . !0E0@>2. 03040=, 1965. 292 A. 90. L5@>= . A8E>D878:0. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. . $@5AA0, 8 . 8065. ., @>3@5AA, 1966, 2K?. 1 - 2, A. 241 - 313. 91. 0=30=0B0= (. . ;0AA8D8:0F8O 42>5B>G85<: A=>2=0O :;0AA8D8:0F8O. ., 1970. 422 A. 92. >AA5B -. @>4>;68B5;L=>ABL G5;>25G5A:>9 687=8. ., @>3@5AA, 1981. 383 A. 93. C18=HB59= !. . A=>2K >1I59 ?A8E>;>388. ., #G?54387, 1946. 704 A. 94. CA0;>2 . . =B53@0;L=K5 E0@0:B5@8AB8:8 18M;5:B@8G5A:>9 0:B82=>AB8 <>730 :0: 2>7<>6=K5 8=48:0B>@K >1I8E A2>9AB2 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K G5;>25:0. -  :=.: !8AB5<=K9 0=0;87 <5E0=87<>2 ?>2545=8O. ., 0C:0, 1979, A. 63 - 71. 95. CA0;>2 . . 8>;>38G5A:85 >A=>2K 8=48284C0;L=>-?A8E>;>38G5A:8E @07;8G89. ., 0C:0, 1979. 352 A. 96. !0D>=>2 . . AA;54>20=85 @575@2=KE 2>7<>6=>AB59 G5;>25:0 2 >?5@0B>@A:>9 45OB5;L=>AB8: 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1978. 24 A. 97. !5AB@>2 . . >A=>2K DC=:F8>=0;L=>9 B5>@88 >@30=870F88: $8;>A>DA:89 >G5@:. ., 0C:0, 1972. 164 A. 98. !5G5=>2 . . $878>;>38G5A:85 >G5@:8. .; 3., , 1923, G. 2. 296 A. 99. !5G5=>2 . . 71@0==K5 D8;>A>DA:85 8 ?A8E>;>38G5A:85 ?@>872545=8O. ., >A?>;8B8740B, 1947. 647 A. 100. !8<>=>2 . . 5B5@<8=87< 8 A2>1>40 2K1>@0. -  :=.: 5B>4>;38G5A:85 ?@>1;5<K D878>;>388 2KAH59 =5@2=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. ., 0C:0, 1982, A. 86 - 121. 101. !;>20@L 0=B>=8<>2 @CAA:>3> O7K:0. ., CAA:89 O7K:, 1978. 460 A. 102. !;>20@L 8=>AB@0==KE A;>2. ., CAA:89 O7K:, 1979. 622 A. 103. !B0CB 6. $. =0;8B8G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O. .; 3., , 1923, B. 1. 384 A. 104. !B825=A !. !. 0B5<0B8:0, 87<5@5=85, ?A8E>D878:0. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. !. !. !B825=A0. ., , 1960, B. 1, A. 11 - 92. 105. !C2>@>20 . . A8E>D878>;>38O AB@5AA0. ., 5403>38:0, 1975. 208 A. 106. !C?@C= . -., ;8<5=:> . . AA;54>20=85 ;5:A8:8 8 A5<0=B8:8. -  :=.: A=>2K B5>@88 @5G52>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. ., 0C:0, 1974, A. 188 - 220. 107. !CE>4>;LA:89 . . =65=5@=>-?A8E>;>38G5A:89 0=0;87 8 A8=B57 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>9 45OB5;L=>AB8: 2B>@5D. 4>:B. 48A. ., 1982. 40 A. 108. "5?;>2 . . 1 >1J5:B82=>< <5B>45 2 ?A8E>;>388. - 72.  !$! , 1953,2K?. 45, A. 49 - 74. 109. "5?;>2 . . @>1;5<K 8=48284C0;L=KE @07;8G89. ., 1961. 536 A. 110. "5?;>2 . . >2K5 40==K5 ?> 87CG5=8N A2>9AB2 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K G5;>25:0. -  :=.: "8?>;>38G5A:85 >A>15==>AB8 =5@2=>9 A8AB5<K G5;>25:0. ., 74-2>  !$! , 1963, B. 3, A. 3 - 46. 111. #7=0475 . . A8E>;>38G5A:85 8AA;54>20=8O. ., 0C:0, 1966. 451 A. 112. #>;B5@ . 82>9 <>73. ., 8@, 1966. 300 A. 113. $;>@5=A &. 0<OBL. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. . $@5AA0, . 8065. ., @>3@5AA, 1973, 2K?. 4, 242 A. 114. $@0=A5 . >A?@8OB85 D>@<K 8 >1J5:B>2. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. . $@5AA0, . 8065. ., @>3@5AA, 1978, 2K?. 6, A. 237 - 301. 115. $@5AA ., 8065 . -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O. ., @>3@5AA, 1975, 2K?. 5. 284 A. 116. $@C<:8=0 . . >4C;L AC1J5:B82=>3> ?@>3=>70. -  :=.: @>3=>7 2 @5G52>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. ., 0C:0, 1974, A. 7 - 37. 117. %8;30@4 -. . 5B>4K 8 ?@85<K 0=0;870 ?@>F5AA0 >1CG5=8O. -  :=.: -:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. !. !. !B825=A0. ., , 1963, B. 2, A. 11 -65. 118. %>= . . A8E>;>38G5A:>5 8AA;54>20=85 45OB5;L=>AB8 ?5@52>4G8:0 2 A8AB5<0E <0H8==>3> ?5@52>40 (=0 ?@8<5@5 ?>AB@540:B>@0): 2B>@5D. :0=4. 48A. ., 1982. 16 A. 119. '0AB>B=K9 A;>20@L >1I5=0CG=>9 ;5:A8:8 / >4 @54. . . !B5?0=>2>9. ., 74-2> >A:. C=-B0, 1970. 87 A. 120. 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Paris, 1974, p. 15 - 24.   1 >@O4>: >?8A0=8O ?A8E>;>38G5A:8E O2;5=89 2 CG51=8:0E ?A8E>;>388 1. 1I0O ?A8E>;>38O. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E 2C7>2 />4 @54. . . 5B@>2A:>3>, ., @>A25I5=85, 1070. 432 A.: 1) 2=8<0=85, 2) @5GL, 3) >ICI5=85, 4) 2>A?@8OB85, 5) ?0<OBL, 6) <KH;5=85, 7) 2>>1@065=85, 8) GC2AB20, 9) 2>;O. 2. @0=:>2 . . A8E>;>38O. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O ABC45=B>2 70>G=>3> >B45;5=8O. ., 1960. 67 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?@54AB02;5=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL. 7) 2>>1@065=85. 3. 1I0O ?A8E>;>38O. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E 8=AB8BCB>2 / >4 @54. . . >3>A;>2A:>3>, . . >20;520, . . !B5?0=>20. ., @>A25I5=85, 1981. 381 A.: 1) @5GL, 2) 2=8<0=85, 3) >ICI5=85, 4) 2>A?@8OB85, 5) ?0<OBL, 6) ?@54AB02;5=85, 7) <KH;5=85, 8) 2>>1@065=85, 9) M<>F88, 10) GC2AB20, 11) 2>;O. 4. 07C@A:89 . $. A8E>;>38. 1I0O 8 M:A?5@8<5=B0;L=0O. ., >A8740B, 1925. 290 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?0<OBL, 4) 2>>1@065=85, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) 2=8<0=85, 7) GC2AB20, 8) 0DD5:BK, 9) 2>;O. 5. 3>@>2 ". . A8E>;>38O. #G51=. 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E CG8;8I. ., #G?54387, 1958. 231 A.: 1) >ICI5=8O, 2) 2>A?@8OB8O, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) 2>>1@065=85, 6) <KH;5=85, 7) @5GL, 8) GC2AB20, 9) 2>;O. 6. C48: . . A8E>;>38O. ., $87:C;LBC@0 8 A?>@B, 1964. 461 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?@54AB02;5=85, 4) 2>>1@065=85, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) M<>F88, 8) 2>;O, 9) ?0<OBL, 10) 2=8<0=85. 7. @C18=HB59= !. . A=>2K >1I59 ?A8E>;>388. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O 2KAH8E ?5403>38G5A:8E CG51=KE 702545=89 8 C=825@A8B5B>2. ., #G?54387, 1946. 704 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?0<OBL, 4) 2>>1@065=85, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) 2=8<0=85, 8) M<>F88, 9) 2>;O. 8. @B5<>2 . . C@A ;5:F89 ?> ?A8E>;>388. %0@L:>2, 74-2> %0@L:>2A., C=-B0, 1958. 421 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?@54AB02;5=85, 4) <KH;5=85, 5) @5GL, 6) GC2AB20, 7) 2>;O, 8) 2=8<0=85, 9) ?0<OBL. 9. A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. . . >@=8;>20 8 4@. ., #G?54387, 1938. 456 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?@54AB02;5=85, 5) ?0<OBL, 6) 2>>1@065=85, 7) <KH;5=85, 8) @5GL, 9) M<>F88, 10) 2>;O. 10. "5?;>2 . . A8E>;>38O. #G51=. 4;O A@54=59 H:>;K / >4 @54. !. . C18=HB59=0. ., >A?>;8B8740B, 1949. 223 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) 2>>1@065=85, 6) <KH;5=85, 7) @5GL, 8) GC2AB20, 9) 2>;O. 11. 3=0BL52 . ., C:8= . !., @><>2 . . A8E>;>38O. >A>185 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E CG8;8I (H:>;L=KE) / >4 @54.  . 3=0BL520. ., @>A25I5=85, 1065. 344 A.: 1) 2=8<0=85, 2) >ICI5=85, 3) 2>A?@8OB85, 4) ?@54AB02;5=85, 5) ?0<OBL, 6) <KH;5=85, 7) @5GL, 8) 2>>1@065=85, 9) GC2AB20, 10) 2>;O. 12. OA8I52 . ., 0@20A0@A:89 . ., 818E !. !., ">=:>=>389 . . A=>2K >1I59 8 <548F8=A:>9 ?A8E>;>388. #G51=. 4;O CG0I8EAO <548F8=A:8E CG8;8I. ., 548F8=0, 1968. 216 !.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?0<OBL, 4) 2=8<0=85, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) M<>F88, 8) 2>;O. 13. A8E>;>38O. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O ABC45=B>2-70>G=8:>2 ?5403>38G5A:8E 8=AB8BCB>2 / >4 @54. . . 0@C48=>9. 8=A:, KAH0O H:>;0, 1970. 472 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?@54AB02;5=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) 2>>1@065=85, 8) 2=8<0=85, 9) M<>F88, 10) GC2AB20, 11) 2>;O. 14. 0?>@>65F . . ?A8E>;>38O. #G51=. 4;O H:>;L=KE ?5403>38G5A:8E CG8;8I. ., @>A25I5=85, 1965. 240 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) 2>>1@065=85, 6) @5GL, 7) <KH;5=85, 8) GC2AB20, 9) 2>;O. 15. ;0B>=>2 . ., >;C152 . . ?A8E>;>38O. #G51=. 4;O 8=4CAB@80;L=>-?5403>38G5A:8E B5E=8:C<>2. ., KAH0O H:>;0. 1973. 256 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?0<OBL, 4) <KH;5=85, 5) @5GL, 6) M<>F88, 7) GC2AB20, 8) 2>;O, 9) 2=8<0=85. 16. 20=>2 . . 1I0O ?A8E>;>38O. #G51. ?>A>185 4;O ABC45=B>2 C=825@A8B5B>2 8 ?5403>38G5A:8E 2C7>2. "0H:5=B, #:8BC2G8, 1967. 544 A.: 1) >ICI5=8O, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) ?0<OBL, 4) 2>>1@065=85, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) 2=8<0=85, 8) GC2AB20 (M<>F88), 9) 2>;O. 17. A8E>;>38O / >4 @54. . . >20;520, . . !B5?0=>20, !. . (010;8=0. ., @>A25I5=85, 1966. 452 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) ?@54AB02;5=85, 6) 2>>1@065=85, 7) <KH;5=85, 8) @5GL, 9) M<>F88, 10) GC2AB20, 11) 2>;52K5 ?@>F5AAK. 18. 528B>2 . . A8E>;>38O (4;O ?@5?>4020B5;59 8 <0AB5@>2 ?@>D5AA8>=0;L=>-B5E=8G5A:8E CG8;8I). ., KAH0O H:>;0, 1064. 256 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) 2>>1@065=85, 6) <KH;5=85, 7) @5GL, 8) GC2AB20 8;8 M<>F88, 9) 2>;O. 19. A8E>;>38O. #G51=. 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E 8=AB8BCB>2 / >4 @54. . . !<8@=>20, . . 5>=BL520, !. . C18=HB59=0, . . "5?;>20. ., #G?54387, 1962. 559 A.: 1) >ICI5=85, 2) 2>A?@8OB85, 3) 2=8<0=85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) 2>>1@065=85, 8) M<>F88, 9) GC2AB20, 10) 2>;52K5 459AB28O. 20. A8E>;>38O. #G51=. ?>A>185 4;O ?5403>38G5A:8E CG8;8I / >4 @54. . . @CB5F:>3>. ., ?@>A25I5=85, 1974. 304 A.: 1) 2=8<0=85, 2) >ICI5=85, 3) 2>A?@8OB85, 4) ?0<OBL, 5) <KH;5=85, 6) @5GL, 7) 2>>1@065=85, 8) GC2AB20, 9) 2>;O.   2 >A=>2=K5 45;5=8O >B@0A;59 ?A8E>;>388 181;8>B5G=>-181;8>3@0D8G5A:>9 :;0AA8D8:0F88 [14] .91 8AB>@8O ?A8E>;>388. .91(0) A5<8@=0O 8AB>@8O ?A8E>;>388. .91(2) AB>@8O ?A8E>;>388 2 !!! . .91(4/8) AB>@8O ?A8E>;>388 2 70@C156=KE AB@0=0E. .92 0728B85 ?A8E8:8. 5=5B8G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O. .922 >>?A8E>;>38O 8 A@02=8B5;L=0O ?A8E>;>38O. .923 A8E>;>38G5A:8 0A?5:B ?@>1;5< 0=B@>?>35=570 8 2>7=8:=>25=8O A>7=0=8O G5;>25:0. .93 1I0O ?A8E>;>38O. .932 A8E8:0 8 A>7=0=85. .933 KAH0O =5@2=0O 45OB5;L=>ABL :0: D878>;>38G5A:0O >A=>20 ?A8E8:8. .935 A8E8G5A:85 ?@>F5AAK 8 A>AB>O=8O. .936 A8E>;>38O 45OB5;L=>AB8, ?>2545=8O. .937 A8E>;>38O ;8G=>AB8. .94 A8E>;>38O >B45;L=KE 284>2 45OB5;L=>AB8. B@0A;520O (?@8:;04=0O) ?A8E>;>38O. .940 5403>38G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O 27@>A;KE. .941 A8E>;>38O B@C40. =65=5@=0O (B5E=8G5A:0O), 0280F8>==0O 8 :>A<8G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O. .942 >5==0O ?A8E>;>38O. .943 A8E>;>38O A?>@B0. .944 A8E>;>38O GB5=8O 8 ?A8E>;>38O 181;8>B5G=>9 @01>BK. .945 A8E>;>38O B2>@G5AB20. A8E>;>38O =0CG=>9, =0CG=>-B5E=8G5A:>9 8 EC4>65AB25==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8. .947 .@848G5A:0O (AC451=0O) ?A8E>;>38O. .948 548F8=A:0O ?A8E>;>38O. .949 @C385 284K >B@0A;52>9 (?@8:;04=>9) ?A8E>;>388. .95 !>F80;L=0O (>1I5AB25==0O) ?A8E>;>38O. .951 AB>@8G5A:0O ?A8E>;>38O. A8E>;>38O :;0AA>2. .952 8G=>ABL :0: A>F80;L=>-?A8E>;>38G5A:>5 O2;5=85. .953 A8E>;>38G5A:85 ?@>1;5<K A>F80;L=>3> >1I5=8O (:><<C=8:0B82=>AB8), 2;8O=8O 8 2708<>2;8O=8O ;N459. .954 A8E>;>38O <0;KE 3@C?? (:>;;5:B82>2). >;;5:B82 8 ;8G=>ABL. .955 0AA>284=K5 O2;5=8O ?A8E8:8. .956 A8E>;>38O A5<L8, 1KB0, ?A8E>;>38O 2>A?8B0=8O 45B59 2 A5<L5. .957 A8E>;>38O @5;838>7=>AB8 8 0B58AB8G5A:>3> 2>A?8B0=8O. .958 A8E>;>38O =0F89 (MB=8G5A:0O) ?A8E>;>38O. .959 !>F80;L=>-?A8E>;>38G5A:85 ?@>1;5<K >B45;L=KE >B@0A;59 ?A8E>;>388. .96 A>1K5 A>AB>O=8O 8 O2;5=8O ?A8E>;>388. .98 5BA:0O ?A8E>;>38O. .983 1I85 ?@>1;5<K 45BA:>9 ?A8E>;>388. .984 B@0A;8 45BA:>9 ?A8E>;>388.  2545=85 I. !8AB5<=K5 >?8A0=8O - 3;02=K9 @57C;LB0B A8AB5<=>3> ?>4E>40 2 ?A8E>;>388 I. 1. !8AB5<=K9 ?>4E>4 :0: 8=AB@C<5=B 4;O ?>AB@>5=8O A8AB5<=KE >?8A0=89 (I. 1. 1. @0B:0O E0@0:B5@8AB8:0 A8AB5<=>3> ?>4E>40. I. 1. 2. 07=>284=>AB8 A8AB5<=>3> ?>4E>40. I. 1. 3. A>15==>AB8 ?@8<5=5=8O A8AB5<=>3> ?>4E>40 2 ?A8E>;>388) I. 2. 1J5:BK A8AB5<=KE >?8A0=89 8 8E A?5F8D8:0 (I. 2. 1. 1J5:BK 87CG5=8O :0: A8AB5<K. I. 2. 2. !?5F8D8:0 >1J5:B>2 ?A8E>;>388. I. 2. 3. A?>;L7>20=85 8458 F5;>AB=>AB8) I. 3. I0O E0@0:B5@8AB8:0 A8AB5<=KE >?8A0=89 8 <5B>4>2 8E ?>AB@>5=8O. 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"0:>5 ?>=8<0=85 B8?0 ?>72>;O5B ?@54AB028BL ?A8E>;>38G5A:89 AB0BCA ;N1>3> :>=:@5B=>3> G5;>25:0 :0: @57C;LB0B ?5@5A5G5=8O A2>9AB2 >1I5G5;>25G5A:8E B8?>2. !>>B25BAB25==>, <5@=>ABL B8?>;>38G5A:>3> ?@>AB@0=AB20 7028AB8 >B G8A;0 2K45;O5<KE ?@87=0:>2, => 8AE>4O 87 ?@03<0B8G5A:8E A>>1@065=89 >B=>A8B5;L=> ?@>F54C@K >F5=:8 8 8<5NI8EAO M<?8@8G5A:8E 40==KE <>6=> ?@54?>;>68BL, GB> =081>;55 C4>1=K< 1C45B B@5E<5@=>5 B8?>;>38G5A:>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>, A>AB>OI55 87 H5AB8 18?>;O@=KE ?@87=0:>2. @0D8G5A:8< ?@54AB02;5=85< ?A8E>;>38G5A:>3> AB0BCA0 :>=:@5B=>3> G5;>25:0 1C45B, 2 B0:>< A;CG05, >?@545;5==0O B>G:0 8;8 >1;0ABL 2 B@5E<5@=>9 A8AB5<5 :>>@48=0B, 0 ?A8E>;>38G5A:>5 A>45@60=85 AB0BCA0 1C45B >?@545;OBLAO @0AAB>O=85< >B :@09=8E B>G5: A>>B25BAB2CNI8E >A59, 2K@060NI8E E0@0:B5@8AB8:8 B8?>2. AB5AB25==>, >?@545;5=85 A0<8E B8?>2 >AB05BAO ?@5@>30B82>9 02B>@0 8 B8?K, C4>2;5B2>@ONI85 87;>65==K< B@51>20=8O<, <>3CB ?@8=04;560BL : A>25@H5==> @07;8G=K< B8?>;>38O<. Summary THe paper deals with theoretical aspects of description of psychological types. The defibftion of scientific psychological types is given as well as the requirements for its description. The difference between the concept of "type" and othe overlapping categories as well as possibilities of typology approach are discussed. 1. :>DD ., -<5@8 $.  F5;5CAB@5<;5==KE A8AB5<0E. ., 1974. 2. @5G<5@ -. !B@>5=85 B5;0 8 E0@0:B5@. ., 1930; "8?>;>38G5A:85 8AA;54>20=8O ?> ?A8E>;>388 ;8G=>AB8. K?. 4. 5@<L, 1967. 653>2 !. . !;>20@L @CAA:>3> O7K:0. ., 1972; !;>20@L 8=>AB@0==KE A;>2. ., 1979; $8;>A>DA:89 A;>20@L. ., 1980; A8E>;>38G5A:89 A;>20@L. ., 1983; ;5A0=4@>2 . . !;>20@L A8=>=8<>2 @CAA:>3> O7K:0. ., 1984. 4. .=3 . A8E>;>38G5A:85 B8?K ., 1924. !. 14 - 51. !B0BLO ?>ABC?8;0 2 @540:F8N 14 >:BO1@O 1992 3. 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