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A;8 F5=0 @0AB5B, B> :@820O 70B@0B A<5I05BAO 225@E, 8 =0>1>@>B. @82K5 A@54=8E 8 ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B. ;O B>3> GB>1K ?>=OBL AB@C:BC@C 70B@0B D8@<K 8 A>740BL B5>@5B8G5A:89 1078A 4;O ?@8=OB8O @5H5=89 ?> @07;8G=K< 2>?@>A0<, 206=> 8AA;54>20BL =5A:>;L:> :@82KE 70B@0B, :0640O 87 :>B>@KE <>65B 1KBL ?>;CG5=0 =0 >A=>20=88 40==KE >1 >1I8E 70B@0B0E. @54?>;>68<, GB>: Q  >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20;   >1I85 70B@0BK; !  ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK; V  >1I85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK; A@  A@54=85 >1I85 70B@0BK (C45;L=K5 70B@0BK); (!)A@  A@54=85 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK (C45;L=K5 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK); (V)A@  A@54=85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK (C45;L=K5 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK); prd  ?@545;L=K5 70B@0BK. ">340 =f(Q) = !+ V, (10) >B:C40 EMBED Equation.3 (2) EMBED Equation.3 (3) EMBED Equation.3 (4) EMBED Equation.3 4;O 48A:@5B=KE DC=:F89; (5) EMBED Equation.3 4;O =5?@5@K2=KE DC=:F89. (6) K ?>4G5@:8205<, GB> ! 2;8ONB =0  8 A@, => =5 2;8ONB =0 prd.  B01;. 2.1 ?@54AB02;5=K 70B@0BK =0 ?@>872>4AB2> B5==8A=KE @0:5B>: (4;O ?>;CG5=8O DC=:F88 70B@0B 8A?>;L7>20=K 48A:@5B=K5 40==K5). %>BO 40==K5, ?@54AB02;5==K5 2 B01;8F5, =5 O2;ONBAO ?>;=K<8, ?> 8<5NI59AO 8=D>@<0F88 2?>;=5 2>7<>6=> 2>A?>;=8BL ?@>15;K. (>65B 1KBL, ABC45=BC A;54C5B MB> ?@>45;0BL.) >340 48A:@5B=K5 B>G:8 1C4CB A>548=5=K <564C A>1>9, ?>;CG0BAO =5?@5@K2=K5 =5;8=59=K5 DC=:F88 A@54=8E ?>AB>O==KE 70B@0B, A@54=8E ?5@5<5==KE 70B@0B, A@54=8E >1I8E 70B@0B 8 ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B, ?@54AB02;5==K5 =0 @8A. 2.1. "01;8F0 2.1 0B@0BK =0 ?@>872>4AB2> B5==8A=KE @0:5B>: 1J5< 1I85 1I85 1I85 !@54=85 !@54=85 !@54=85 @545;L=K5 ?@>872>4- ?>AB>O= ?5@5<5=-70B@0BK ?>AB>O==K5 ?5@5<5= >1I85 70B@0BK AB20 =K5 70B@0- =K5 70B@0BK (2 BKA, 70B@0BK =K5 70B- 70B@0BK (2 BKA.3@=.) (2 BKA. 54.) BK (2 BKA. (2 BKA.3@=.) 3@=.) (2 BKA.3@=.) @0BK (2 BKA.   3@=.)    (2 BKA. 3@=.)     =!+ 3@=.)   Q  ! V+V!/Q V/Q /Q (/(Q 1 50  55,00            3.00 2 50 8,00 58.00 25,00 4,00 29,00  3 50  60,50            2.50 4 50 13,00 63,00 12.50 3.25 15,75  5 50  65,00            3,00 6 50 18.00 68,00 8,33 3,00 11,34  7 50  72,75            5.25 8 50 28.00 78,00 6.25 3,50 9,75  9 50  86,00            9,00 10 50 45,00 95.00 5,00 4,50 9,50         9,50 11 50 54,50 104.50 4,55 4,95 9,50         10,70 12 50 65,20 115,20 4,17 5,44 9,60  13 50  130,00            19,10 14 50 99,10 149,10 3,57 7,08 10,65  15 50  174,75            37.25 16 50 162.00 212,00 3,13 10,13 13,25  17 50  259,25  60,25 18 50 269,50 319,50 2.78 14,97 17.75  19 50  399,00            101,00 20 50 450.00 500,00 2,50 22,50 25,00   0B5<0B8G5A:8 :@820O A@54=8E ?>AB>O==KE 70B@0B (!)A@ ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 @02=>1>G=CN 38?5@1>;C, :>B>@0O 0A8<?B>B8G5A:8 ?@81;8605BAO : 3>@87>=B0;L=>9 >A8, 8 MB> 1C45B A?@0254;82> 4;O ;N1>9 DC=:F88 >1I8E 70B@0B. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> (!)A@ =5?@5@K2=> C1K205B, :0: ?>:070=> =0 @8A. 2.1. 0 MB>< @8AC=:5 B0:65 ?@54AB02;5=0 :@820O ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B prd, :>B>@0O 2=0G0;5 C1K205B, 0 70B5< 2>7@0AB05B. @82K5 A@54=8E ?5@5<5==KE 70B@0B (V)A@ 8 A@54=8E >1I8E 70B@0B A@ B0:65 2=0G0;5 C1K20NB, 0 70B5< 2>7@0AB0NB. > <5@5 C25;8G5=8O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 :@820O A@ ?@81;8605BAO : :@82>9 (V)A@. -B> ?@>8AE>48B ?>B><C, GB> @07=>ABL <564C =8<8 @02=0 C45;L=K< ?>AB>O==K< 70B@0B0<, :>B>@K5 ?> <5@5 C25;8G5=8O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 AB0=>2OBAO 2A5 <5=LH5 8 <5=LH5.  8A. 2.1. @82K5 70B@0B =0 ?@>872>4AB2> B5==8A=KE @0:5B>: @820O ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B ?5@5A5:05B :@82CN A@54=8E ?5@5<5==KE 70B@0B 8 :@82CN A@54=8E >1I8E 70B@0B 2 8E A0<KE =86=8E B>G:0E. =K<8 A;>20<8, ?@545;L=K5 70B@0BK @02=K A@54=8< ?5@5<5==K< 70B@0B0<, :>340 ?>A;54=85 <8=8<0;L=K. @545;L=K5 70B@0BK B0:65 @02=K <8=8<0;L=K< A@54=8< >1I8< 70B@0B0<. -B> CB25@645=85 ;53:> ?@>25@8BL, 2=>2L >1@0B82H8AL : B01;. 2.1. >340 ?@>872>48BAO H5AB0O 548=8F0 ?@>4C:F88, A@54=85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK <8=8<0;L=K, @02=K ?@545;L=K< 70B@0B0< 8 A>AB02;ONB 3 3@=. @8 ?@>872>4AB25 >48==04F0B>9 548=8FK ?@>4C:F88 A@54=85 >1I85 70B@0BK <8=8<0;L=K, @02=K ?@545;L=K< 70B@0B0< 8 A>AB02;ONB 9,5 3@=. 708<>A2O7L 70B@0B A ?@>872>4AB2><. $>@<K :@82KE A@54=8E 8 ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B, B0: 65 :0: 8 >1I8E ?5@5<5==KE 70B@0B, >?@545;ONBAO B5E=8G5A:>9 ?@8@>4>9 A>>B25BAB2CNI8E 8< :@82KE ?@>872>4AB20, 0 =5 F5=>9 D0:B>@>2 ?@>872>4AB20. 7<5=5=85 F5= D0:B>@>2 ?@>872>4AB20 A428=5B :@82K5 =0 3@0D8:5 225@E 8;8 2=87, 0 =5 ?>2;8O5B =0 8E =0:;>=K 8, A;54>20B5;L=>, D>@<K. !;54AB285< B>3>, GB> F5=0 &E D0:B>@0 % =5 7028A8B >B >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20, O2;O5BAO >1@0B=>5 A>>B=>H5=85 <564C: 1) A@54=8<8 ?5@5<5==K<8 70B@0B0<8 8 A@54=8< ?@>4C:B>< 8 2) ?@545;L=K<8 70B@0B0<8 8 ?@545;L=K< ?@>4C:B><. ;O 2K2>40 A>>B25BAB2CNI8E A>>B=>H5=89 ?@>45;05< A;54CNI55. (03 1. !@54=85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK A2O70=K A >1J5<>< ?@>872>4AB20 A;54CNI8< A>>B=>H5=85<: EMBED Equation.3 (7) 345 (V)A@  A@54=85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK 4;O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 Q; (!)A@  >1I85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK 4;O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 Q; Q  >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 2 548=8F0E 87<5@5=8O 4;O 22>48<>3> D0:B>@0 X; &X  C45;L=0O F5=0 22>48<>3> D0:B>@0 %; %  :>;8G5AB2> 548=8F 22>48<>3> D0:B>@0 X. !@54=89 ?@>4C:B, Qc@ >?@545;O5BAO :0: Q/X, B.5. >1@0B=> ?@>?>@F8>=0;5= X/Q C@02=5=88 (7). !;54>20B5;L=>, A@54=85 ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK <>3CB 1KBL >?@545;5=K :0: EMBED Equation.3 (8) >;030O, GB> F5=0 22>48<>3> D0:B>@0 ?>AB>O==0, 87 C@02=5=8O (8) A;54C5B, GB>, :>340 QA@ C25;8G8205BAO. (V)A@ C<5=LH05BAO 8 =0>1>@>B. !;54>20B5;L=>, :>340 (V)A@ 4>AB830NB <8=8<C<0, QA@ <0:A8<0;5= (@8A. 2.2). (03 2. @><5 B>3>, =0 @8A. 2.2 ?>:070=> >1@0B=>5 A>>B=>H5=85 <564C ?@545;L=K< ?@>4C:B>< 8 ?@545;L=K<8 70B@0B0<8, :>B>@>5 =5 7028A8B >B ?>AB>O==KE 22>48<KE @5AC@A>2. !;54>20B5;L=>, ?@545;L=K5 70B@0BK, prd, <>3CB 1KBL >?@545;5=K :0: EMBED Equation.3 (9) A;8 F5=0 22>48<>3> D0:B>@0 ?>AB>O==0, B> 87 C@02=5=8O (9) A;54C5B, GB> :>340 prdQ C25;8G8205BAO, prd C<5=LH05BAO 8 =0>1>@>B. !;54>20B5;L=>, prd <8=8<0;L=K ?@8 <0:A8<0;L=>< prdQ. (03 3. !@54=85 >1I85 70B@0BK A@ , O2;ONBAO AC<<>9 A@54=8E ?>AB>O==KE 70B@0B, (!)A@8 A@54=8E ?5@5<5==KE 70B@0B, (V)A@ , B.5. A@=(!)A@+(V)A@ (10) (03 4. >72@0I0OAL : @8A. 2.1. <K 2848<, GB> G5< 1>;LH5 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20, B5< <5=LH5 (!)A@. !;54>20B5;L=>, :@820O A@ 0A8<?B>B8G5A:8 ?@81;8605BAO : :@82>9 (V)A@ . K <>65< B0:65 70<5B8BL, GB> A0<0O =86=OO B>G:0 MB>9 :@82>9 A>>B25BAB2C5B 1>;LH5<C >1J5<C ?@>872>4AB20, G5< 2 B>G:5 <8=8<C<0 (V)A@ . -B> A2O70=> A B5<, GB> :>340 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 2?5@2K5 ?@52KH05B C@>25=L, A>>B25BAB2CNI89 <8=8<C<C (V)A@ , A?04 (!)A@ 2K7K205B CA8;5==K9 @>AB (V)A@ . 4=0:> ?> <5@5 C25;8G5=8O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 <K 4>AB8305< B>G:8, 2 :>B>@>9 C25;8G5=85 (V)A@ ?@52KH05B A?04 (!)A@.  MB>9 B>G:5 :@820O A@ CAB@5<;O5BAO 225@E.  8A. 2.2. 708<>7028A8<>ABL <564C ?@545;L=K< ?@>4C:B>< 8 ?@545;L=K<8 70B@0B0<8 8 <564C A@54=8< ?@>4C:B>< 8 A@54=8<8 ?5@5<5==K<8 70B@0B0<8 (03 5. 081>;55 M:>=><8G5A:8 MDD5:B82=><C C@>2=N ?@>872>4AB20 A>>B25BAB2C5B B>G:0, 2 :>B>@>9 prdQ = QA@ , 0 QA@ ?@>E>48B G5@57 <0:A8<C<. -B0 B>G:0 A>>B25BAB2C5B >:>=G0=8N AB0488 1 8 =0G0;C AB0488 2 :;0AA8G5A:>9 ?@>872>4AB25==>9 DC=:F88, ?@54AB02;5==>9 =0 @8A. 1.1 2 3;025 1, 8 A>2?0405B A C@>2=5<, 2 :>B>@>< prd = (V)A@ . 4=0:> MB>B C@>25=L =5 O2;O5BAO =081>;55 M:>=><8G=K< 8;8 =081>;55 MDD5:B82=K< A B>G:8 7@5=8O 70B@0B, B0: :0: 745AL =5 CG8BK20NBAO A@54=85 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK. 081>;55 M:>=><8G=K9 8 MDD5:B82=K9 A B>G:8 7@5=8O 70B@0B C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 =0E>48BAO 345-B> =0 AB0488 2, 2 B>G:5, A>>B25BAB2CNI59 <8=8<C<C A@54=8E ?>;=KE 70B@0B, A@. ;;NAB@0B82=0O 7040G0  >?@545;5==>< ?@>872>4AB25==>< ?@>F5AA5 4;O 873>B>2;5=8O 1 8745;8O B@51C5BAO 70B@0B8BL 5 G 8 8A?>;L7>20BL AK@LO =0 100 3@=.  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O C@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 D8@<K A>AB02;O5B 400 8745;89 2 =545;N ?@8 ?@>4>;68B5;L=>AB8 @01>G53> 3>40, A>AB02;ONI59 50 =545;L. >AB>O==K5 70B@0BK A>AB02;ONB 100 000 3@=. 2 3>4. 0@01>B=0O ?;0B0 ?@>872>4AB25==>3> @01>G53> @02=0 12,50 3@=. 2 G0A, 2:;NG0O =0;>3 =0 70@01>B=CN ?;0BC, ?5=A8>==K5 >BG8A;5=8O 8 4@C385 2K?;0BK. @><5 B>3>, :064K9 =05<=K9 @01>B=8: 8<55B 5653>4=K9 >?;0G8205<K9 >B?CA: ?@>4>;68B5;L=>ABLN 2 425 =545;8. >?@>AK 0. 0:>2K A@54=85 (C45;L=K5) ?5@5<5==K5 70B@0BK 4;O 40==>3> ?@>872>4AB20? 1. 0:>2K >1I85 C45;L=K5 70B@0BK? 5H5=8O a. !=0G0;0 >?@545;8< >1ICN ?>G0A>2CN 70@01>B=CN ?;0BC, 2:;NG0O >?;0G8205<K9 >B?CA:. ;O :064>3> @01>G53> 3>4>20O 70@01>B=0O ?;0B0 A>AB02;O5B: 52 =545;8 E 40 G E 12,53@=.= 26 0003@=.. ">340 ?>G0A>20O >?;0B0 @02=0: 260003@=. : 50 @01>G8E =545;L : 40 G = 133@=./2 G0A. 7 C@02=5=8O (8) A;54C5B: EMBED Equation.3 70 8745;85. 1. >4>2>9 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 >?@545;O5BAO A;54CNI8< >1@07><: 400 8745;89 2 =545;N E 50 =545;L = 20 000 8745;89. ">340 C45;L=K5 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK A>AB02OB 100 0003@=. : 20 000 8745;89 = 53@=. 70 8745;85. "0:8< >1@07><, 87 C@02=5=8O (10) A;54C5B: A@ = (!)A@ + (V)A@ = 5 + 165 = 1703@=. 70 8745;85. -;0AB8G=>ABL >1I8E 70B@0B. A;8 M:>=><8G5A:0O B5>@8O 70B@0B 87CG05B 2708<>A2O7L <564C 70B@0B0<8 8 >1J5<>< ?@>872>4AB20, B> <>65< ;8 <K >?@545;8BL GC2AB28B5;L=>ABL >4=>9 ?5@5<5==>9 : 87<5=5=8N 4@C3>9? >=5G=>, 4;O >B25B0 =0 MB>B 2>?@>A A;54C5B 8A?>;L7>20BL C65 7=0:><>5 ?>=OB85 M;0AB8G=>AB8. -;0AB8G=>ABL >1I8E 70B@0B A;C68B <5@>9 ?@>F5=B=>3> 87<5=5=8O >1I8E 70B@0B "!, ?@8 87<5=5=88 >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 =0 1%. "0:, =0 ;N1>9 B>G:5 :@82>9 >1I8E 70B@0B EMBED Equation.3 (11) 7 MB>3> C@02=5=8O A;54C5B, GB> M;0AB8G=>ABL >1I8E 70B@0B 5ABL >B=>H5=85 ?@545;L=KE 70B@0B : A@54=8< >1I8< 70B@0B0<. @54?>;>68<, GB> M;0AB8G=>ABL 70B@0B @02=0 1,2. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> 5A;8 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 C25;8G8205BAO =0 1%, B> ?>;=K5 70B@0BK C25;8G820NBAO =0 1,2%. =K<8 A;>20<8, ?@8 40==>< C@>2=5 ?@>872>4AB20, :0: A;54C5B 87 C@02=5=8O (11), ?@545;L=K5 70B@0BK =0 20% ?@52KH0NB A@54=85 70B@0BK. 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(@8A. 2.11) M:>=><8O, >1CA;>2;5==0O C25;8G5=85< <0AHB010 ?@>872>4AB20, 4>AB8305BAO 2 480?07>=5 >B Q* 4> >?@545;5==>3> @07<5@0 D8@<K. >A;5 MB>3> <>3CB ?>O28BLAO M:>=><8G5A:85 =54>AB0B:8, E>BO C M:>=><8AB>2 =5 ACI5AB2C5B 548=>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O >B=>A8B5;L=> B>3>, GB> ?@>8AE>48B A 4>;3>A@>G=K<8 A@54=8<8 70B@0B0<8, :>340 D8@<0 @50;87>20;0 2A5 ?@58<CI5AB20, >1CA;>2;5==K5 C25;8G5=85< <0AHB010 ?@>872>4AB20. 5:>B>@K5 M:>=><8ABK ?>;030NB, GB> 4>;3>A@>G=K5 A@54=85 70B@0BK >AB0NBAO ?>AB>O==K<8. @C385 AG8B0NB, GB>  1C4CB C25;8G820BLAO 87-70 ?@>1;5<, A2O70==KE A :>>@48=0F859 8 :>=B@>;5<. > <5@5 C25;8G5=8O D8@<K ?@8=OB85 @5H5=89 8 :>>@48=0F8O 2A5 1>;LH5 CA;>6=ONBAO. !;54>20B5;L=>, 1@5<O 04<8=8AB@0B82=KE @0AE>4>2 =5?@>?>@F8>=0;L=> 2>7@0AB05B, A=860O 4>E>4K. 8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 @07<5@ D8@<K 7028A8B >B M:>=><88, >1CA;>2;5==>9 C25;8G5=85< <0AHB010 ?@>872>4AB20, :0: =0 C@>2=5 702>40, B0: 8 =0 C@>2=5 D8@<K 2 F5;><. =0;87 70B@0B 8 ?@>872>4AB20 CA?5H=> ?@8<5=O5BAO 4;O ?@8=OB8O @07;8G=KE C?@02;5=G5A:8E @5H5=89. 2C<O =081>;55 8=B5@5A=K<8 ?@8<5=5=8O<8 B0:>3> 0=0;870 O2;ONBAO 2K1>@ @07<5@>2 ?@54?@8OB8O 8 MDD5:B82=>5 8A?>;L7>20=85 >1CG0NI59 :@82>9. 8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 =0=85 D>@<K :@82KE 4>;3>A@>G=KE A@54=8E 70B@0B ?@>872>4AB25==KE ?@54?@8OB89 206=> =5 B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> >B =55 7028A8B @07<5@ ?@54?@8OB8O, >15A?5G820NI89 =081>;LHCN MDD5:B82=>ABL 70B@0B, => 8 ?>B><C, GB> >=0 >?@545;O5B :>;8G5AB2> D8@<, :>B>@K5 <>3CB ?>O28BLAO 2 40==>9 >B@0A;8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8. >72@0I0OAL : @8A: 2.11, <K 2848<, GB> Q*  MB> >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20, :>B>@K9 <8=8<878@C5B 4>;3>A@>G=K5 A@54=85 70B@0BK ?@54?@8OB8O. -B> <8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20, >15A?5G820NI89 =081>;LHCN MDD5:B82=>ABL 70B@0B, B.5. <8=8<C< . 45AL <K 1C45< =07K20BL B0:>9 @07<5@ ?@54?@8OB8O <8=8<0;L=K< MDD5:B82=K< <0AHB01>< ?@>872>4AB20, 8;8 -. -  206=K9 D0:B>@, :>B>@K9 A;54C5B ?@8=8<0BL 2> 2=8<0=85 D8@<5 ?@8 @5H5=88 2>?@>A0 > B><, A;54C5B ;8 A>74020BL 1>;55 >4=>3> ?@54?@8OB8O. ;;NAB@0B82=0O 7040G0 $8@<0 -A:C;0? ?@>872>48B ?@81>@, :>B>@K9 8A?>;L7C5BAO D878>B5@0?52B0<8 2 3>A?8B0;OE 8 :;8=8:0E.  =0AB>OI55 2@5<O 2A5 ?@>872>4AB2> D8@<K A>A@54>B>G5=> =0 >4=>< ?@54?@8OB88, @0A?>;>65==>< =0 A525@>-70?045 AB@0=K.  A2O78 A C25;8G5=85< A?@>A0 =0 MB> 8745;85, 0 B0:65 87-70 2KA>:8E B@0=A?>@B=KE @0AE>4>2 D8@<0 @0AA<0B@8205B AB@0B538N, :>B>@0O ?@54?>;0305B A>740=85 =5A:>;L:8E ?@>872>4AB2 2<5AB> F5=B@0;87>20==>3>. !>3;0A=> >F5=:5, A?@>A =0 ?@>4C:F8N D8@<K A>AB02;O5B @ = 1880 - 0,02Q. $C=:F8O >1I8E 70B@0B, 2:;NG0O ?@>872>4AB2> 8 B@0=A?>@B8@>2:C, B0:>20:  = 500 000 + 80Q + 0,01Q2. $8@<0 ?>;0305B, GB> ?@8 ?5@5E>45 : ?@>872>4AB2C 8745;89 =0 =5A:>;L:8E ?@54?@8OB8OE MB0 DC=:F8O 70B@0B A>E@0=8BAO. #@>25=L ?@>872>4AB20 4;O >4=>3> ?@54?@8OB8O, :>B>@K9 >15A?5G8205B <0:A8<0;L=CN ?@81K;L, @025= B0:><C C@>2=N, ?@8 :>B>@>< ?@545;L=K9 4>E>4 @025= ?@545;L=K< 70B@0B0<: prd = 1880 - 0.04Q = 80 + 0,02Q = prd; -0.06Q = -1800; Q = 30 000 8745;89. ?B8<0;L=0O F5=0 >?@545;O5BAO :0:  = 1880 - 0,02(30 000) =1,283@=. 70 8745;85. 0:A8<0;L=0O ?@81K;L A>AB02;O5B  =  -  = PQ -  = 1280 (30 000) - 500 000  80 (30 000) - 0,01(30 000)2 = = 26 500 0003@=. A;8 :><?0=8O 2K15@5B AB@0B538N, ?@54CA<0B@820NICN M:A?;C0B0F8N =5A:>;L:8E 702>4>2, B> >=0 ?>65;05B, GB>1K :064K9 87 =8E 8<5; <8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20, :>B>@K9 A>>B25BAB2C5B A0<K< =87:8< 87 2>7<>6=KE C45;L=KE 70B@0B: EMBED Equation.3 !;54>20B5;L=>, <8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 4;O 702>4>2 D8@<K 1C45B @025= AB0=40@B=>9 >?5@0F8>==>9 <>I=>AB8 >:>;> 7100 8745;89. 0 MB>< C@>2=5 prd 8 A@ ?@8<5@=> @02=K 8 =865. '5< C ?@54?@8OB8O A <>I=>ABLN 30 000 8745;89. >;55 B>3>, :0: A;54C5B 87 @8A. 2.12, ?@545;L=K5 70B@0BK 4;O 2A59 ?@>872>4AB25==>9 F5?>G:8 D8@<K 1C4CB >48=0:>2K<8.  8A. 2.12. @545;L=K5 70B@0BK, A@54=85 >1I85 70B@0BK 8 ?@545;L=K9 4>E>4 4;O >4=>3> ?@54?@8OB8O, 2K?CA:0NI53> 30 000 8745;89, 8 H5AB8 ?@54?@8OB89 A <>I=>ABLN 7100 8745;89 :064>5 ;O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 2 30 000 8745;89 prd = 80 + 0,02Q = 80 + 0,02(30 000) = 6803@=. ;O >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 2 7100 8745;89 prd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prd = 1880- 0,04Q= 222; -0.04Q = -1658; Q = 41 450 8745;89. ;O >15A?5G5=8O B0:>3> >1J5<0 ?@>872>4AB20 ?>B@51C5BAO 41 450 : 7100 ( 6 702>4>2 A <>I=>ABLN 7100 8745;89 :064K9. A;8 A>2>:C?=K9 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20, @02=K9 41 450 8745;8O<, @0A?@545;O5BAO <564C MB8<8 702>40<8 :0: <>6=> 1>;55 @02=><5@=>, B> G5BK@5 702>40 1C4CB ?@>872>48BL 6908 8745;89, 0 420  6909. 1I85 ?@>872>4AB25==K5 70B@0BK =0 873>B>2;5=85 6908 8745;89 A>AB02OB  =500 000 + 800 + 0,01 Q2 = 500 000 + 80(6908) + 0,01(6908)2 = 1 529 844,643@=., 0 >1I85 70B@0BK =0 873>B>2;5=85 6909 8745;89 1C4CB @02=K  = 500 000 + 80Q + 0.01Q2 == 500 000 + 80(6909) + 0,01(6909)3 = = 1 530 062,813@=. "0:8< >1@07><, >1I85 70B@0BK =0 ?@>872>4AB2> 41 450 8745;89 A>AB02OB 2A53> = 1 529 844,64(4) + 1 530 062,81(2) = 9 179 504,183@=. ;O B>3> GB>1K ?@>40BL 41 450 8745;89, =C6=> A=878BL F5=C 4>  = 1880 - 0.02Q = 1880 - 0,02(41 450) = 10513@=., GB> =0 229 4>;;. <5=LH5 >?B8<0;L=>9 F5=K ?@8 ?@>872>4AB25 2A5E 8745;89 =0 >4=>< ?@54?@8OB88, @02=>9 1280 3@=. @81K;L D8@<K A>AB028B  =  -  = PQ -  = 51051(41 450) - 9 179 504 = = 43 563 950 - 9 179 504 = 34 384 4463@=. -B> =0 7 884 446 3@=. 1>;LH5 ?@81K;8, :>B>@0O ?>;CG05BAO ?@8 2K?CA:5 30 000 8745;89 =0 >4=>< 702>45 (B0:0O ?@81K;L A>AB02;O5B 26 500 000 3@=.). !;54C5B 70<5B8BL, GB> ?@8 ?@>2545=88 MB8E @0AG5B>2 ?@54?>;030;>AL, GB> :064>5 87 H5AB8 =51>;LH8E ?@54?@8OB89 =5A5B >48=0:>2K5 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK, @02=K5 ?>AB>O==K< 70B@0B0< >4=>3> :@C?=>3> ?@54?@8OB8O. A;8 ?>AB>O==K5 70B@0BK :064>3> 87 =51>;LH8E 702>4>2 <>3CB 1KBL A=865=K, B> C25;8G5=85 ?@81K;8 <>65B 1KBL 5I5 1>;LH8<. 8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 :0: @K=>G=K9 10@L5@. 8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 <>65B @0AA<0B@820BLAO :0: =08<5=LH89 @07<5@ ?@54?@8OB8O, :>B>@K9 ?>72>;8B D8@<5 2>9B8 2 >?@545;5==CN >B@0A;L ?@><KH;5==>AB8. "0: :0: <>6=> >6840BL, GB> 2A5 D8@<K, 459AB2CNI85 2 40==>9 >B@0A;8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8, 8<5NB @02=K5 4>;3>A@>G=K5 A@54=85 70B@0BK, A>>B=>H5=85 @07<5@0 702>40 A <8=8<0;L=K< MDD5:B82=K< <0AHB01>< ?@>872>4AB20 8 >1I8< >1J5<>< ?@>872>4AB20 2 40==>9 >B@0A;8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 <>65B A;C68BL 4;O >F5=:8 AB5?5=8 B@C4=>AB8 ?@>=8:=>25=8O 2 40==CN >B@0A;L. ;O 8;;NAB@0F88 ?@54?>;>68<, GB> <8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 2 42CE >B@0A;OE ?@><KH;5==>AB8 @07;8G5=.  >B@0A;8  3>4>2>9 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 @025= 10 <;@4. HB., 0 <8=8<0;L=K9 MDD5:B82=K9 <0AHB01 ?@>872>4AB20 A>AB02;O5B 1 <;=. HB.  >B@0A;8  3>4>2>9 >1J5< ?@>872>4AB20 @025= 10 <;=. 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